Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS566

Incident date

November 20, 2022

Location

قرية تفل بقل, village of Takl Bakl, Hassakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 12 civilians, including two women, a journalist, and a health care worker, were killed and between three and six others were wounded in alleged Turkish airstrikes and drone strikes in the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022.

Rojava Information Center reported that Turkish forces carried out airstrikes on a power station in Takl Bakl, destroying the power station and causing a power outage in the 65 surrounding villages, in addition to killing one of the workers at the station. Following the strikes, just after civilians and medical personnel came to the site to help, Turkey bombed the same location again, killing 10 civilians and injuring six, in addition to carrying out a drone strike on a car driving away from the site.

Rojava Information Center also published the names of the civilians killed: Husin Ali, Isam Abdullah (Journalist), Chichak Harouni, Hilal Qasim, Hadia Abdullah, Mazin Osi, Husin Khilto, Noury Chafchi, Fayez Abdullah, Mahmoud Ali, Abid Khalid. 

North News put the casualty numbers at nine killed and three others injured, identifying Hawar News Agency’s correspondent Isam Abdullah among the dead. Hawar News provided a biographer for their correspondent who had been working to expose the truth for eight years: “Isam was born in 1984 in the town of Abera in Jal Agha district in Qamishlo canton. He completed primary school in the village and middle school and high school in the town of Rumailan, and studied the Arabic language department at Damascus University. Isam worked as a teacher in Damascus for a period of time, and with the outbreak of the Rojava revolution, he returned to his home and joined the activities and events of the revolution. He started working in the field of journalism in 2015 as a correspondent for Ronahi newspaper, and in 2017 he joined our agency.”

Kobani News reported that 11 civilians and a journalist were killed, while Rudaw News referred to “at least 11 civilians killed”. Hawar News reported that the funeral for 12 of the “citizens” killed in the bombing occurred at the shrine of the martyr Khabat Dêrik in Dêrik district of Qamishlo canton on Monday, and an image shows that among the 12 killed were two women.

A Facebook post by كيفك وجعي Keifek Wajai added the name Hussein Ramadan Tai, a healthcare worker who was killed on his way to treat the wounded from the bombing.

The General Manager of the Directorate of Electricity in the Jazira region, Akram Suleiman, told North Press that the targeted plant in the village of Takl Bakl was completely destroyed, in addition to the death of one of the plant workers and the injury of two others. The General Manager also added that there were no military operations or posts within the plant.

According to الخابور khabour via Facebook, Turkish forces also bombed a PYD/PKK headquarters in the countryside of Al-Malikiyah, killing a member of the PYD/PKK named Dia Hooker.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured after midnight.

  • Husin Ali Age unknown male killed
  • Isam Abdullah Age unknown male Journalist killed
  • Chichak Harouni Age unknown female killed
  • Hilal Qasim Age unknown male killed
  • Hadia Abdullah Age unknown female killed
  • Mazin Osi Age unknown male killed
  • Husin Khilto Age unknown male killed
  • Noury Chafchi Age unknown male killed
  • Fayez Abdullah Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Ali Age unknown male killed
  • Abid Khalid Age unknown male killed
  • Hussein Ramadan Tai Age unknown male Healthcare worker killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Rojava Information Center)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Rojava Information Center)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Rojava Information Center)
  • (Hussein Ramadan Tai) was martyred in the village of Takl Bakl while he was on his way to treat the wounded by the bombing of the Turkish occupation in northern and eastern Syria.
  • Victims of the bombing in the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Kobani News via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Journalist Isam Abdullah, killed in the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by North Press Agency)
  • Member of the PYD/PKK named Dia Hooker, killed by alleged Turkish airstrikes on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by الخابور khabour via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by الخابور Khabour via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by الخابور Khabour via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by الخابور Khabour via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Takl Bakl on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by الخابور Khabour via Facebook)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI087

Incident date

August 29, 2022

Location

مخيم مخمور, Makhmour camp, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

35.755637, 43.603063 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and up to four others were injured, including women and children, when a Turkish airplane or drone launched strikes on a home in Makhmour camp on August 29, 2022. Some local sources indicate that a member of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) was also killed in the incident.

Hawar News reported that a citizen was killed when Turkish forces bombed his house in Makhmour camp. Hawar quoted Roj News Agency who reported that Afzat Abdullah, a father of six children, died after he was injured by a Turkish drone attack on his home in the afternoon. Rudaw News provided similar details of one casualty in addition to material damages.

BasNews reported that four people were injured by the Turkish drone strike on the camp, adding that the camp is controlled by the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). A Facebook post by Bakuk Judy indicated that women and children were among the wounded.

A source told Shafaq News Agency that “according to preliminary information, the house was in which members of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party were present, and that the bombing caused injuries” but did not specify whether those injured were members of the PKK.

Darka Mazi also reported that the strike hit “the house of a leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in Makhmour camp, called “Abu Zaid,” which resulted in his death”. According to a local source, “the site that was targeted is known as the fourth district” and that “these organizations held official funeral ceremonies for this person, as his coffin was decorated with pictures of the imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan and the flags of the PKK and its KGK organization.” It is unclear if “Abu Zaid” is the same person as the alleged civilian Afzat Abdullah who was killed.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strike to a Turkish plane or drone.

The incident occured at 12:40:00 local time.

  • Afzat Abdullah Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Strikes on Makhmour camp on August 29, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Strikes on Makhmour camp on August 29, 2022. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • Makhmour camp, a number of wounded people, including children and women, were bombed by Turkish planes
  • Remnants of the strike on Makhmour camp on August 29, 2022. (Image posted by Shafaq News)
  • Remnants of the strike on Makhmour camp on August 29, 2022. (Image posted by Shafaq News)
  • Men inspect the site of strike on Makhmour camp on August 29, 2022. (Image posted by Shafaq News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a strike on a house in the Makhmour refugee camp (مخيم مخمور), the generic coordinates for which are: 35.755637, 43.603063. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS545

Incident date

August 10, 2022

Location

قرية ملا سباط, Mulla Sibat village, Qamishli countryside, Al-Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.920833, 40.773611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed when a Turkish drone strike targeted a car in the village of Mulla Sibat in the countryside of Qamishli, Syria, on August 10th 2022. Between two and three militants were killed in the same strike.

A local source on Facebook, Qamishlo Republic, reported that Adeeb Nuri Hamsho from the village of Mulla Sibat headed towards the military vehicle that was bombed to try and rescue those in the car, when another shell hit him near the targeted vehicle, resulting in his death.

There were reports that two PKK/PYD militants were also killed in this attack, described by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights as one leader and one member, while some sources said that three militants were killed.

South Front pointed out that the Syrian Arab Army (regime forces) maintain a post near the village of Mulla Sibat where a grain storage facility for the government is also located.

The SDF released a statement which stated that a “Turkish drone” hit the car at around 5pm on August 10th, killing two members and one civilian. The SDF statement reported that the militant names were Dijwar Kobane, a commander, and Bahour Radwan Anez, also known as Chey Kobane, in addition to pointing out that Dijwar had been involved in many battles against ISIS in different regions.

Anadolu Agency, the Turkish state-run news agency, reported that MIT (the National Intelligence Organization) acknowledged killing Muhsin Yağan, code-named “Dijvar Silopi”, the so-called Qamishli state director of the PKK/YPG, adding that he was the planner and implementer of many terrorists acts on the border line against security forces.

The incident occured at 17:00:00 local time.

  • Adeeb Nuri Hamsho Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Known target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Two SDF militants reportedly killed by Turkish strike on Qamalshi countryside on August 10th 2022 (Image via ANHA English)
  • Adeeb Nuri Hamsho, reportedly killed by a Turkish strike which targeted and killed two SDF members on August 10th 2022 (Image via Wamishlo Republic / Facebook)
  • Reported Turkish drone strike targeted SDF vehicle in Mulla Sibat, killing one civilian (Image via RIC Arabic)
  • Picture of the SDF vehicle that was targeted by a reported Turkish strike in Qamalshi countryside on August 10th 2022 (Image via Qamishlo)
  • A video documenting scenes of a Turkish march targeting a civilian car in the village of Mulla Sibat, south of Qamishlo, which resulted in casualties and injuries to civilians.
  • Muhsin Yağan, code-named "Dijvar Silopi", a member of the SDF killed by Turkish forces on August 10, 2022. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Muhsin Yağan, code-named "Dijvar Silopi", a member of the SDF killed by Turkish forces on August 10, 2022. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mulla Sibat (ملا سباط), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.920833, 40.773611. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Known target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS543

Incident date

August 9, 2022

Location

سيكركا, Sikirka, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.052436, 41.851494 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Six civilians, including four children and women, were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Sikirka east of Qamishli city on August 9, 2022.

Hawar News reported that Turkish bombings of multiple villages east of Qamishli city and in Amuda sub-district resulted in the injury of seven civilians, four of whom are children. Hawar also documented the names of the six civilians that were injured in the village of Sikirka: Halabja Rashid 33 years old, Arin Abdel Aziz Al-Hassan 38 years old, children Muhammad Salah 12 years old, Miran Salah 10 years old, Ilan Salah 5 years old, and Baland Muhammad Shams El-Din 16 years old. The correspondent for Hawar confirmed that the injured were being treated at Al-Rahma Hospital in Qamishlo city.

A Facebook post by “Human rights in Jazeera” stated that the artillery shells launched at the village of Sikirka struck a home and resulted in the injury of women and children, without specifying how many. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported that children were injured without providing a number.

Nor Mahmod posted on Facebook that three of the people injured were from the same family, and their home that was struck by the shelling is located “near the silos”. Kurdistan Rêbaza Barzaniyê Nemir added that the shelling caused an exodus of citizens from the area, displacing hundreds, due to the mortars and heavy machine guns.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to Turkey. A Facebook post by “Kurdistan Rêbaza Barzaniyê Nemir” reported that an exchange of shelling took place between the SDF and the Turkish army, and specified that the shell that struck a home in the village of Sikirka and caused civilian casualties was launched by the army from inside Turkish territory.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Muhammad Salah 12 years old injured
  • Miran Salah 10 years old injured
  • Ilan Salah 5 years old injured
  • Halabja Rashid 33 years old injured
  • Arin Abdel Aziz Al-Hassan 38 years old injured
  • Baland Muhammad Shams El-Din 16 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Qashlou August 9, 2022 The Turkish occupation army bombed the villages of Sikirka and Tel Ziwan in Qamishlo, and reports of injuries The Turkish occupation army bombed with artillery shells the villages of Sikarka and Tel Ziwan, east of Qamishlo city, amid preliminary reports of a direct hit to a house in Sikarka and injuries, including children and women. and injuring others.
  • Civilians injured by alleged Turkish shelling of multiple villages east of Qamishli city and in Amuda sub-district (TS543 and TS544) on August 9, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Damage to a residential home east of Qamishli on August 9, 2022. (Image posted by Nor Mahmod via Facebook)
  • Damage to a residential home east of Qamishli on August 9, 2022. (Image posted by Nor Mahmod via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Woman injured by alleged Turkish shelling of multiple villages east of Qamishli city and in Amuda sub-district (TS543 and TS544) on August 9, 2022. (Image posted by Kurdistan Rêbaza Barzaniyê Nemir)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Sikirka (سيكركا), for which the generic coordinates are: 37.052436,41.851494. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS539

Incident date

August 6, 2022

Location

الصناعة, Al-Sina'a neighborhood in Qamishli, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.056502, 41.246509 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians, including two children, were killed and at least two others were injured in an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in the Al Sina’a neighborhood of Qamishli on August 6, 2022.

Hawar News reported that a car exploded in Al-Sinaa neighborhood in Qamishli after being stuck by a Turkish drone near the “Hasko Gas Station”. One of the civilians killed is the child Ahmed Ali Hassan, 16 years old, while the civilian Ali Hassan was injured, and he was transferred to Al-Rahma Hospital in Qamishli city to receive treatment.

Qamishlo Event shared on Facebook names of two other civilian victims killed: Ahmed Ali Shebi and Ahnk Akram Shebi. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) identified the two children killed, Ahmed and Ahnk Shebi, as being brothers while ENKS stated that they were cousins, working in the industrial zone.

Ezdina’s correspondent reported that three of the victims were identified as the child Ahmed Ali Shebi and Ahnak Akram Shaibi who is in his twenties, and they are relatives from the al-Antariya neighborhood in the center of Qamishli. The correspondent also identified Al-Madani Ali Hassan, the father of the child Ahmed Hassan, as being wounded, in addition to another person seriously injured and others that suffering minor injuries.

ENKS added the name Mazloum Asaad as another person killed in the strikes. A Facebook post from Tigris – the Syrian island specified that Mazloum was from Amuda and was in the military police.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also identified a car explosion in Al-Sina’a Al-Qadima (old industrial) area at Kaziyah Hasko, resulting in the death of one person and the injury of at least three others. SOHR later revised their toll to four people killed, including two children and two unidentified people believed to belong to the SDF. However, other local sources, including Ezdina, referred to all three people killed as civilians.

According to a Facebook post by Ehmed şihab, four people were killed, including two children, and two civilians were injured and were in critical condition. ENKS also identified four “citizens” as being killed and that vehicle struck was a H100 car, causing material damage to the shops near the place of the explosion.

The Democratic Union Party (PYD) released a statement regarding the attack, saying “On August 6, 2022, a drone of the Turkish occupation state targeted a car in the Sinaa neighborhood, resulting in 4 people being martyred, 2 of whom were children, and the injury of some others…The flying of planes of the Turkish occupation army in the airspace of Syria violates international agreements.” The majority of other sources also attributed the incident to Turkish drones.

The incident occured at 18:21:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ahmed Ali Shebi Child male from Al-Antariya neighborhood killed
  • Ahnk Akram Shebi Adult male in his 20s, from Al-Antariya neighborhood killed

Family members (2)

  • Ahmed Ali Hassan 16 years old killed
  • Al-Madani Ali Hassan Father of Ali injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 4
  • (2 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • People gather around the site of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Blood from victims of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Blood from victims of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Blood from victims of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • People gather around the site of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • People gather around the site of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Explosion caused by an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Step Agency)
  • Damage caused by an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Hotnews24 via Facebook)
  • People gather around the site of an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Ezdina)
  • Mazloum Asaad, identified as being in the military police, was killed by an alleged Turkish drone strike on a car in Qamishli on August 6, 2022. (Image posted by Tigris - the Syrian island)
  • Ahnak Akram Hassan, allegedly killed by Turkish drone on August 6th 2022 (Image via @Tactica1Arms / Twitter)
  • People hold photos of the two children who were killed in an alleged Turkish drone strike on August 6th 2022 (Image via @EverydaySyria / Twitter)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al-Sina’a (الصناعة), within the city of Qamishli (القامشلي), for which the generic coordinates are: 37.056502, 41.246509. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 4
  • (2 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS528

Incident date

July 22, 2022

Location

شورك, Shurak, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.03748981, 41.34373069 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were injured who were passersby to an alleged Turkish drone strike on a vehicle on Qamishli-Tirbespi Road, in Al-Hasakah, Rojava, north-east Syria on Friday July 22nd 2022.  The vehicle was reported to have been a military vehicle belonging to the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).  The attack was also said to have been targeting the Military Academy in the city of Ayn al-Arab.

Three local sources reported on civilian harm, with Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reporting that “other people were injured by shrapnel while they were passing in the area.”

Three female SDF commanders were reported killed in this attack who were allegedly part of the SDF Women’s Protection Unit.  One commander, reported in media as Salwa Yusuk, but also with alternative names, Berwin Muhammed Buzan, Ciyan Afrin and Gian Tolhildan, was the leader of PKK/PYD militia.  According to sources, she was aged around 42.

The other two SDF fighters were reported in international media as Joana Hisso, aged 30, also known as Roj Khabur, and Ruha Bashar, aged 19, also known as Barin Botan.

In a tweet, the US Central Command said that Yusuk was a “critical SDF leader who led forces in combat vs ISIS since the height of the fight to defeat the vile ideology in NE Syria in 2017.” Another US military official, who remained anonymous told NBC News that “there is no doubt she saved American lives on the battlefield.”

The SDF General Commander, Mazloum Abdi, also called them “heroines who participated in the war against ISIS.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a vehicle in Rojava on July 22nd 2022, injuring several civilians (Image via Rudaw News)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a suspected military vehicle in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 injuring several civilians (Image via Rohani TV)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a suspected military vehicle in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 injuring several civilians (Image via Rohani TV)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a suspected military vehicle in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 injuring several civilians (Image via Rohani TV)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a suspected military vehicle in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 injuring several civilians (Image via Rohani TV)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a vehicle in Rojava injuring civilian passerbys and reportedly three SDF militants on July 22nd 2022 (Image via Hawar News)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a vehicle in Rojava injuring civilian passerbys and reportedly three SDF militants on July 22nd 2022 (Image via Hawar News)
  • An alleged Turkish drone hit a vehicle in Rojava injuring civilian passerbys and reportedly three SDF militants on July 22nd 2022 (Image via North Press Agency)
  • PKK/PYD militia leader, Berwin Muhammed Buzan was allegedly killed in the Turkish drone strike in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 (Image via الخابور Alkahbour)
  • PKK/PYD militia leader, Berwin Muhammed Buzan was allegedly killed in the Turkish drone strike in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 (Image via الخابور Alkahbour)
  • PKK/PYD militia leader, Berwin Muhammed Buzan was allegedly killed in the Turkish drone strike in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 (Image via الخابور Alkahbour)
  • Three female SDF fighters were reportedly killed in a Turkish drone strike in Rojava on July 22nd 2022 (Image via ANHA عربية )
  • Salwa Yusuk, a deputy commander of the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), was among three female SDF fighters killed in the strike last Friday, the officials said (Image via NBC News)
  • Three female commanders of SDF were reportedly killed in a Turkish drone strike on July 22nd 2022 (Image via NBC News)
  • Three female commanders of SDF were reportedly killed in a Turkish drone strike on July 22nd 2022, and there were reports of multiple civilian casualties (Image via The New York Post)
  • @OGNreports posted three photos, one of Berwin Muhammad Buzan, a SDF commander reportedly killed by a Turkish drone strike, and the aftermath of the attack where civilians were reported injured (Image via Twitter)
  • @OGNreports posted three photos, one of Berwin Muhammad Buzan, a SDF commander reportedly killed by a Turkish drone strike, and the aftermath of the attack where civilians were reported injured (Image via Twitter)
  • @OGNreports posted three photos, one of Berwin Muhammad Buzan, a SDF commander reportedly killed by a Turkish drone strike, and the aftermath of the attack where civilians were reported injured (Image via Twitter)
  • "Salwa Yusuk (AKA Ciyan Afrin) a Deputy Commander of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) - along with 2 fellow female fighters - was killed in an attack near Qamishli, Syria, on July 22, 2022." (@CENTCOM / Twitter)

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a vehicle being struck in the vicinity of Na’amatli (نعمتلي) checkpoint, west of Shurak (شورك) village. Analysing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 37.03748981, 41.34373069.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"type":"Point","coordinates":[41.34373068809509,37.03748980636988]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"1","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[41.342652440071106,37.0385346319258],[41.34282410144806,37.0385346319258],[41.34282410144806,37.03868022123082],[41.342652440071106,37.03868022123082],[41.342652440071106,37.0385346319258]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":2,"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[41.34475529193878,37.037592576734234],[41.344910860061646,37.037592576734234],[41.344910860061646,37.03772103949405],[41.34475529193878,37.03772103949405],[41.34475529193878,37.037592576734234]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":3,"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[41.344460248947144,37.03747696006456],[41.34458899497986,37.03747696006456],[41.34458899497986,37.03758401254253],[41.344460248947144,37.03758401254253],[41.344460248947144,37.03747696006456]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"B","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[41.3447231054306,37.03735706111008],[41.344669461250305,37.03722003350171],[41.34484112262726,37.03717293020421],[41.34487867355347,37.037322804231174],[41.3447231054306,37.03735706111008]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"C","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[41.34156346321105,37.03651348097118],[41.34042620658874,37.03644924859693],[41.340436935424805,37.036355041016435],[41.34156346321105,37.03642355563203],[41.34156346321105,37.03651348097118]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"A","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[41.34338200092316,37.0396351088702],[41.34325325489044,37.03930539566157],[41.3436233997345,37.03921975563288],[41.34375214576721,37.03955375119855],[41.34338200092316,37.0396351088702]]]}}]}
  • Imagery:
    @OGNreports

  • Imagery:
    Hawar

  • Imagery:
    ANHA

  • Imagery:
    North Press Agency

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS521

Incident date

June 28, 2022

Location

خان الجبل, Khan Al Jabal, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.083185, 42.081874 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

37.0832, 42.0819 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two to three civilians were injured after a Turkish drone targeted two cars in Khan Al  Jabal, south-east of Derik in Syria on June 28th 2022 at approximately 03.20. There were reports of one person killed but it is not possible to determine whether they were a belligerent or civilian from the current information.

According to the North Press Agency, three civilians were wounded and they were taken to the Martyr Khabat Hospital in Qamishli.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that a Turkish drone targeted a SDF military vehicle and a vehicle carrying tunnel diggers, leaving at least one person dead and “others” injured, some seriously, so the death toll is believed to rise.

Shaam reported that there were four injured SDF members as a resut of the drone strike.

Local sources told Khabar 24 that “one of the two cars was carrying a group of workers, which resulted in injuries among them, and there were reports of victims.”

The incident occured at 03:20:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–5

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Turkish military targeted two cars in Khana Sery on June 28th 2022 (Image via ANHA English / Facebook)
  • At least two civilians were killed during a reported Turkish forces attack on two cars near Derik in Syria on June 28th 2022 (Image via North Press Agency)
  • At least two civilians were killed during a reported Turkish forces attack on two cars near Derik in Syria on June 28th 2022 (Image via Baladi)
  • At least two civilians were killed during a reported Turkish forces attack on two cars near Derik in Syria on June 28th 2022 (Image via Xeber 24)
  • At least two civilians were killed during a reported Turkish forces attack on two cars near Derik in Syria on June 28th 2022 (Image via Xeber 24)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Khan Al Jabal (خان الجبل). Analysing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 37.083185, 42.081874.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location (Truck)","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"type":"Point","coordinates":[42.081874,37.083185]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Y","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.07774132490158,37.0845269562061],[42.07781910896301,37.084503419242225],[42.077864706516266,37.08459328761046],[42.077792286872864,37.08461254510407],[42.07774132490158,37.0845269562061]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Z","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.07634389400482,37.08499127481758],[42.0765021443367,37.08499127481758],[42.0765021443367,37.085128216169075],[42.07634389400482,37.085128216169075],[42.07634389400482,37.08499127481758]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","label":"X","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.07656383514404,37.08542777451297],[42.07680523395538,37.085622486801654],[42.07666039466858,37.08574658887851],[42.07642704248428,37.08556043568702],[42.07656383514404,37.08542777451297]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","label":"W","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.07594692707061,37.085827897025574],[42.07589328289032,37.08577868421014],[42.07596033811569,37.085725191983215],[42.07602471113205,37.08577868421014],[42.07594692707061,37.085827897025574]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location (Car)","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"type":"Point","coordinates":[42.07575649023055,37.08580222077805]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"C"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.08247810602188,37.08312756401739],[42.08245664834976,37.083099747091225],[42.08256125450134,37.08306337109548],[42.08257734775543,37.08309332779913],[42.08247810602188,37.08312756401739]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"A"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.08227962255478,37.08332870148745],[42.082255482673645,37.08327306777256],[42.082722187042236,37.083052672269865],[42.08277314901352,37.083108306146514],[42.08227962255478,37.08332870148745]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"B"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.08241105079651,37.0831831978391],[42.082370817661285,37.083131843543605],[42.08243519067764,37.08308262897775],[42.082483470439904,37.08314468212074],[42.08241105079651,37.0831831978391]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"D"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.08374410867691,37.08315966045799],[42.08354294300079,37.08287935108466],[42.08370923995972,37.08280231931957],[42.083910405635834,37.08308904827075],[42.08374410867691,37.08315966045799]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"E"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.08269268274307,37.082791620457115],[42.08265513181686,37.08273384657379],[42.08288848400116,37.08262257822997],[42.08294212818146,37.08270602950315],[42.08269268274307,37.082791620457115]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"F"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.083263993263245,37.081751683820436],[42.0838862657547,37.081751683820436],[42.0838862657547,37.082213879642424],[42.083263993263245,37.082213879642424],[42.083263993263245,37.081751683820436]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"G","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[42.081920206546776,37.08315538093337],[42.081893384456635,37.08311900496429],[42.08200067281722,37.08306979039011],[42.08202749490738,37.08312542425421],[42.081920206546776,37.08315538093337]]]}}]}
  • Imagery:
    @RISEUP4ROJAVA

  • Imagery:
    Iswnews

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–5

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS520

Incident date

June 27, 2022

Location

تل اللبن, Tal Al Laban, Al Hasakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.614291, 40.199682 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One person was reported killed in a Turkish drone strike on Tal al-Laban, Tal Tamr, in the north-west of Al-Hasakah, Syria, on June 27th 2022.  It is unclear whether this was a belligerent or civilian. Despite having limited reports of this attack, some indicate that the person injured was a “citizen” and others mention that he was a member of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the Turkish drone targeted a military post where Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Tel Tamr Military Council forces were stationed and that one SDF member was transferred to a field hospital for treatment.

There is no further detail of the person injured at this time and any new information will be updated to this assessment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Tal Al Laban (تل اللبن), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.614291, 40.199682. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (6) [ collapse]