Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0019a

LOCATION

النصيرات, Nuseirat, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On the morning of Saturday, October 7th, 2023, a renowned Palestinian poet, novelist, journalist, and community activist, 36-year-old Omar (Umar) Fares Abu Shawish (Shaweesh)  was killed in the Nuseirat refugee camp in the Gaza Strip by alleged Israeli shelling. According to the tribute by the Twitter/X account @GazaMartyrs, Omar was injured and bled to death

Summary

First published
May 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Names matched with MoH IDs
1
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0017

LOCATION

الشابورة, Al Shaboura, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

On October 7, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike which struck the home of the Abu Qouta family reportedly killed up to 27 civilians, including up to 19 members of the Abu Qouta family and at least five neighbors, and up to eight children and at least one woman, in addition to injuring 25 others. The

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
19 – 27
(5–8 children1–2 women7 men)
Civilians reported injured
25
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
27 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
18
Geolocation
Neighbourhood/area
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0019

LOCATION

عبسان الكبيرة, Abasan Al Kabira, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On October 7th 2023, at least one civilian woman was killed and at least five civilians were injured in an alleged bombing on the home of the Abu Daqqa family in the town of Abasan al Kabira in the Gaza Strip. No sources identified the alleged perpetrator of the attack – Airwars has therefore categorised

Summary

First published
December 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Contested strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 woman)
Civilians reported injured
5
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Contested
Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
Suspected belligerents
Israeli Military, Palestinian Militants
Named victims
1 named
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0018

LOCATION

جنوب غزة, Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On Saturday, October 7th 2023, a young man was killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike south of Gaza city. The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) identified him as Amir Abdullah al-Khor, aged 19, further noting that he was just passing by the area when he was killed in the bombing. A relative of the

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Geolocation
City
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0001

LOCATION

رفح, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

On 7th October, 2023, a Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) paramedic Nazmi Abu Hadayed and PRCS volunteer Odeh Al-Kurdi from the Rafah Governorate EMS Center were injured by shrapnel as a result of an attack on an ambulance in Rafah. An ambulance driver, Mahmoud Hussein Othman, is reported missing by some sources, while others express

Summary

First published
October 8, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
3 named
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0005

LOCATION

مستشفى الاندونيسي, Indonesian Hospital, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On October 7th, 2023 an alleged Israeli strike reportedly hit the courtyard of the Indonesian Hospital in Jabalia, in Beit Lahia at 2:30 pm. Multiple sources reported that 67 year old Hosni Salha was killed when shrapnel hit him and Radio al-Zaitounia also alleged that his son Yousra Salha was also killed. An unknown number

Summary

First published
October 8, 2023
Last updated
July 19, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1 – 2
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0004

LOCATION

منزل لعائلة الدوس  في حي الزيتون جنوب مدينة غزة, home of the Al-Dous family in Al-Zaytoun neighborhood, south of Gaza City., Gaza, the Gaza Strip

An alleged Israeli airstrike using several missiles struck a residential building in the Al-Zaytoun neighborhood of Gaza in the evening of October 7th, 2023. Fifteen members of the Al-Dous family, including seven children, were reportedly killed due to the destruction of their home. Awni Adel Al-Dous and his wife Ibtisam Mohammed Khalil Al-Dous had sons

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
15
(7 children3 women5 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
15 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
9
Geolocation
Neighbourhood/area
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0006

LOCATION

مستشفى الاندونيسي, Indonesian Hospital, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the evening of October 7th 2023, an ambulance was allegedly damaged by an Israeli airstrike, killing two paramedics and injuring two others at the Indonesian hospital located in Jabalia, Gaza Strip. Both paramedics were identified as 39-year-old Tariq Muhammad Ashour and 33-year-old Mahmoud Samih Abu Mashaykh. It has been reported that two other paramedics

Summary

First published
December 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2
(2 men)
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named
Names matched with MoH IDs
2
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT00012

LOCATION

مجمع ناصر الطبي, Nasser medical complex, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On October 7, 2023, a paramedic was reportedly killed and a number of civilians and paramedics injured by an alleged Israeli strike on an ambulance near Nasser Medical Complex, East of Khan Yunis. Paramedic Marwan Abu Raida (54 years old), reportedly killed in the strike, was described by a social media source as a Khuza’a

Summary

First published
October 8, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
4
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Names matched with MoH IDs
1
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT00013

LOCATION

مجمع ناصر الطبي, Nasser medical complex, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On October 7, 2023, one journalist and a number of civilians – including paramedics and media crew – were reportedly injured by an alleged Israeli strike on a Ministry of Health ambulance close to the Nasser Medical Complex, Khan Younis, Gaza. The vehicle was reportedly severely damaged by the blast. The journalist was identified by

Summary

First published
October 8, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
5
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0002

LOCATION

خزاعة, Khuza’a, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On October 7, 2023, seven members of the Al Najjar family, including two children and three women, were killed and four others were wounded in their three-storey house in Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip, by an alleged Israeli airstrike. The airstrike took the life of Hajj Hamdan Al Najjar “Abu

Summary

First published
December 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
3 – 7
(2 children3 women1 man)
Civilians reported injured
4
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
11 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
5
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0007

LOCATION

قرب مستشفى غزة الاوروبي, Vicinity of Gaza European Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On October 7th 2023, two civilians were reportedly killed and others were wounded in an alleged Israeli drone strike near the European Hospital area located in the southern Gaza Strip. There is limited reporting on the incident. However, a tweet from user @Shehabagency writes that two Palestinians were killed and ‘others’ were reportedly injured. The

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Airstrike, Drone Strike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Weak
Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0003

LOCATION

مسجد البراء بن عازب, Al-Baraa Mosque, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the 7th October 2023, Nouruddin Ihab Kahil (24 years old), a prominent member of the support committee of the Palestinian Volleyball Union and son to Ihab Kahil, Chairman of the Competitions Committee of the Palestinian Volleyball Federation, was killed as a result of an alleged airstrike by Israeli forces on a residential home occupied by

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
3
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Names matched with MoH IDs
1
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0010

LOCATION

محطة بنزين بهلول, Bahlul Petrol Station, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the 7th of October, 2023 six members of the Shaaban family were reportedly killed after their family home in the Al-Nasr neighbourhood of Gaza city was bombed by Israeli airstrikes. Those killed in the attack were identified as Nazir Shaaban (36 years old), his wife Enas Shaaban (35 years old) and their four children: Omar Nazir

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
6
(4 children1 woman1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
6 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
4
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0008

LOCATION

عبسان الكبيرة, Abasan al-Kabira, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On October 7th 2023, 18 members of the same family, including at least five children and four women, were reportedly killed in an Israeli military airstrike, leaving at least one survivor, 11 year-old Tala Abu Daqqa, with injuries. Other sources reported that between 25 to 150 civilians were injured. The attack took place at 11pm in

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 19, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
18
(5–6 children4–5 women7 men)
Civilians reported injured
25–150
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
19 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0011

LOCATION

ابيت حانون, Beit Hanoun, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On October 7, 2023, Israeli forces reportedly bombed the Shabat family home in Beit Hanoun, killing between 12 to 19 civilians and trapping an unknown number of others under rubble. Between 10 and 13 children and a woman have been reported among the dead. Two sources, Khalid Abdel Rahman alongside Mezan daily report, reported the

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 19, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
12 – 19
(10–13 children1 woman2 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
19 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
2
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0035

LOCATION

الزوايدة, Az Zawayda, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On October 8th 2023, seven civilians, Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab (35 years old), his wife Rabab Marazeeq Abu Rikab (28 years old), and their five children Nida Abu Rikab (11 years old), Tala Abu Rikab (10 years old), Maria Abu Rikab (eight years old), Sewar Abu Rikab (six years old) and Sham Abu Rikab (four

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
7
(5–6 children1 woman1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
7 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
7
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0022

LOCATION

مسجد اليرموك, Yarmouk Mosque, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the evening of October 8th 2023, 12 people were reported injured, including a baby, when an alleged Israeli strike hit Yarmouk Mosque in the Gaza Strip. The mosque was reported to be completely destroyed. A tweet from @ShehabAgency stated that 12 injured people arrived at the Al-Shifa Medical complex, while other sources mentioned that

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Religious Institution, Water station
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
12
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Food
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
3 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0031

LOCATION

مخيم النصيرات 5, Al Nuseirat Camp 5, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On October 8th 2023, a civilian home in the Nuseirat camp in the central Gaza Strip was reportedly hit by an Israeli airstrike killing between four and five civilians from the same family, including at least two children, and wounding between 21 and 22 others. According to Al Mezan Centre for Human Rights, the Israeli

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
4 – 5
(2–3 children1 woman1 man)
Civilians reported injured
21–22
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
6 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
4
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0023

LOCATION

محافظة شمال غزة, North Gaza governorate, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On Sunday the 8th of October 2023, it was reported that civilians were injured when the Israeli military bombed the Abu al-Jubain family home, in the northern Gaza Strip. This event was mentioned by multiple sources such as BintAl Assifa, Abul Salam Qamoum, Mohammed al-Yusuf and local news source MSDR News. Individuals in Gaza @WaellodaOda

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
District
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0032

LOCATION

جوار مسجد عبد العزام, Vicinity of Abdel Azzam Mosque, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On October 8th 2023, at around 12:30pm, the Al Zaneen family house located near Abdel Azzam Mosque in Izbet Beit Hanoun, in the northern Gaza Strip, was allegedly bombed by an Israeli warplane. At least 21 members of the large Al Zaneen family were killed across three generations: 66-year old Jamil Hassan Muhammad Al Zaneen

Summary

First published
December 1, 2023
Last updated
July 12, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
21 – 22
(12 children5 women4–5 men)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
22 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
19
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0028

LOCATION

الشجاعي, Al Shujaiya, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Brothers Hammad Mahmoud Harara (Abu Mahmoud Harara), Taha Mahmoud Harara, Mohamed Mahmoud Harara, and their cousin Fourat Jamal Harara were killed and an unknown number of others were injured at approximately 17:30 on 08 October 2023. They were killed in their home on Al-Mantar Street in the east of the Al-Shujaiya neighbourhood in east Gaza

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
4 – 5
(4 men)
Civilians reported injured
2–7
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
4 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
4
Geolocation
Neighbourhood/area
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0020

LOCATION

مخيم البريج, Al Bureij Camp , Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On Sunday, October 8th 2023, at least 15 members of the al-Nabahin family, including 10 children, four women and one young man were killed when alleged Israeli airstrikes struck their family home, destroying all four floors and a neighboring house east of Al-Bureij camp. On Twitter, one source commented on the attack: “The family of

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
15
(10 children4–5 women1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Education
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
16 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
7
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0024

LOCATION

عمارة أبو زهري بمدينة رفح, Abu Zuhri Building, Al Shaboura, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

On October 8th, 2023 at around 9:50pm, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the Abu Zuhri apartment building in the Al-Shaboura refugee camp, Rafah City, in the Gaza strip, and killed between four and five civilians, among them Jasser Marjouna, Jasser Marjouna’s wife, Abdulnaser Shabanah, and an infant and woman whose names are not published within the

Summary

First published
December 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
4 – 5
(1 child2 women1–2 men)
Civilians reported injured
20–55
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
4 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
1
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0034

LOCATION

قرب مسجد علي بن أبي طالب, Vicinity of Ali Bin Abi Talib Mosque, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On October 8th 2023, Israeli aircraft reportedly bombed a residential building in Al-Zaytoun, Gaza City, resulting in an unspecified number of civilians killed and wounded. While posts shared by Shehab News Agency and other social media users claim that people were inside the building at the time of the strike, no details are currently available

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0025

LOCATION

مدرسة الفاخورة, Al-Fakhoura school, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On October 8th 2023, Israeli military aircraft were reported to have carried out an airstrike on the Al-Najjar family home in the Al-Fakhoura area of the Jabalia refugee camp in north Gaza, killing an unknown number of people and injuring at least four people. The Shehab Agency tweeted that there were “injuries as the [Israeli]

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2
Civilians reported injured
4
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0036

LOCATION

مخيم النصيرات, Nuseirat camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

An alleged Israeli airstrike that hit the civilian home of the Younis family in Nuseirat refugee camp at 4:30pm on the 8th of October 2023 killed six members of the family and injured a child. While reports immediately after the strike reported a lower death toll, later reports were agreed that six civilians had been

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
6
(2 children3 women1 man)
Civilians reported injured
1
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
6 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
5
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0041

LOCATION

مخيّم النصيرات, Nuseirat camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On the October 8th, 2023, Hamid Kamal Abu Aoun (36 years old) was killed along with his three children in an alleged Israeli airstrike on his home in the Al Nuseirat camp. In the attack, carried out at dawn, Hamid Aoun’s two sons Kamal Hamid Abu Aoun (13 years old) and Omar Hamid Abu Aoun (five

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
4
(3 children1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
4 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
4
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0029

LOCATION

بيت حانون, Beit Hanoun, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On October 8, 2023, two paramedics were injured by alleged Israeli strikes in Beit Hanoun area, North of Gaza. The Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) identified the two wounded paramedics as Mahmoud Yusri Al-Masry and Nour El-Din Hassan Mansour, both PRCS members. The same source reported the strike at 15:40 exactly, in North Gaza, adding

Summary

First published
October 8, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT0027

LOCATION

الشيخ عجلين, Sheikh Ijlin, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

At least 10 members of the Shamlakh family, including three children, were reportedly killed when an alleged Israeli aircraft bombed their home on Street 10, south of Gaza City, on October 8th, 2023. The strike is believed to have occurred at approximately 8:30pm. Grandfather Abdulnaser Asaad Shamlakh was 56 years old, and was reportedly killed

Summary

First published
November 1, 2023
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 12
(3 children2 women5 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
10 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
10
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident