Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0029

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Location

بيت حانون, Beit Hanoun, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.538477, 34.536837 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 8, 2023, two paramedics were injured by alleged Israeli strikes in Beit Hanoun area, North of Gaza.

The Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) identified the two wounded paramedics as Mahmoud Yusri Al-Masry and Nour El-Din Hassan Mansour, both PRCS members. The same source reported the strike at 15:40 exactly, in North Gaza, adding that the victims were working due to previous bombing in the area when the incident happened. PRCS claimed that the victims suffered from “bruises and suffocation”, and were taken to the hospital for treatment. @ShehabAgency indicated that dozens of injured “including paramedics” were taken the same day to the Indonesian hospital following “recent raids” in Beit Hanoun – though it did not give details on the name or identity of those wounded.

PRCS is the only source that attributed directly the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 15:40:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Mahmoud Yusri Al-Masry محمود يسري المصري
Adult male injured
Nour El-Din Hassan Mansour نور الدين حسان منصور
Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PRCS Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PRCS Gaza

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Beit Hanoun ( بيت حانون), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.538477, 34.536837. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0010

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Location

محطة بنزين بهلول, Bahlul Petrol Station, Gaza , the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.537015, 34.462005 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the 7th of October, 2023 six members of the Shaaban family were reportedly killed after their family home in the Al-Nasr neighbourhood of Gaza city was bombed by Israeli airstrikes. Those killed in the attack were identified as Nazir Shaaban (36 years old), his wife Enas Shaaban (35 years old) and their four children: Omar Nazir Shaaban, Ghada Nazir Shaaban, Batoul Nazir Shaaban (7 years old) and Ahmed Nazir Shaaban (1 year old).

Facebook posts were also made by relatives of the Shaaban family, confirming the casualties. These included Abu Almeer Shabaan, the cousin of Nazir Shaaban and Eng-Fathi Shaban, uncle of Omar Nazir Shaaban. In connection to Nazir Shaaban’s work as a “medical and laboratory analysis specialist”, a statement of condolence was released on behalf of the leadership of the General Directorate of Military Medical Services. A similar statement was also released online by the Al-Shati Joint Primary School which two of Nazir Shaaban’s children had attended: “We also condole ourselves with the [death] of the good student Ghada Nazir Shaaban from the fifth grade and the good student Batoul Nazir Shaaban from the second grade”.

Al-Jazeera reported on the “touching scene of a young Palestinian who lost all his family members after Israeli fighters bombed the Abu Shaaban family home in Gaza City.” On the 9th of October Saleh Bey News also reported that (wider) family members had said on Facebook that the [Israeli] aircraft struck the house of Nazir Shawqi Shaaban without warning which led to the death of the entire family.

Additionally, the Al Mezan Center for Human Rights published a report on the 8th of October, calling for the United Nations Security Council “to intervene immediately to stop Israeli attacks on the Palestinian people”. The report made reference to the attack on the Shaaban family: “the Israeli attacks also targeted the home of the Shaaban family, resulting in the [death] of all family members: the father, mother, and their four children”.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Nazir Shaaban نذير شعبان
36 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801100769
Enas Shaaban ايناس شعبان
35 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 801927047
Omar Nazir Shaaban عمر نذير شعبان
male killed
Ghada Nazir Shaaban غادة نذير شعبان
Child female killed
Batoul Nazir Shaaban بتول نذير شعبان
7 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437307911
Ahmed Nazir Shaaban احمد نذير شعبان
1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444884985

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (4 children1 woman1 man1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (40) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Medical services Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saeed Sakir Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saeed Sakir Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saeed Sakir Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr Akram Al-Tahir facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah Al Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah Al Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saleh Bey Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Bahlul petrol station (محطة بنزين بهلول), within the city of Gaza (غَزَّة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.537015, 34.462005. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (4 children1 woman1 man1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0062

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

ابراج النسماوي, Al Nasmawi towers, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.344261, 34.291017 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An alleged Israeli airstrike that hit the residential apartment of the Abu Shamala family in the Al-Nasmawi neighbourhood of Khan Yunis during the evening of October 9th 2023 killed between four and five members of the family, including at least three children, and injured up to seven others.

Several local sources reported that multiple members of the Abu Shamala family were killed. Four of those killed have been identified as Fatima Fauzi Abu Shamala (39 years old) and her children – her two daughters, 16 year old Tasnim Ibrahim Abu Shamala and 6 year old Yasmine Ibrahim Abu Shamala, and her son, 14 year old Mahmoud Ibrahim Abu Shamala. One other son, Elias Ibrahim Abu Shamala, was mentioned in a Facebook post by his uncle as being in serious condition while one of the family’s neighbours posted that all four children were killed. Accordingly, Airwars has recorded the number of civilians killed as 4-5, and injured as 0-1.

Tasnim’s teacher posted a message memorializing her, and mentioned that she was an excellent student.

Multiple reports mentioned that seven civilians were injured, with only one named civilian, Elias, identified as injured. Footage is available of members of the family being pulled from the rubble after the strike, but their conditions are not clear. Relatives of the deceased posted on Facebook mourning the victims of the strike.

The family is survived by Fatima’s husband Ibrahim Saeed Awad Abu Shamala.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

While Airwars has matched Fatima, Tasnim, Mahmoud and Yasmine’s names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th, Elias’ name was not found in that list.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Fatima Fauzi Abu Shamala
39 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 800324071
Tasnim Ibrahim Abu Shamala
15-16 years old female Fatima's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 422452235
Mahmoud Ibrahim Abu Shamala
13-14 years old male Fatima's son killed Matched to MoH ID 429738578
Yasmine Ibrahim Abu Shamala
6-8 years old male Fatima's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 429738578
Elias Ibrahim Abu Shamala
male unclear if he was killed or injured killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (3–4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr tabsh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Feda Sroor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Albana facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Al Nasmawi towers (ابراج النسماوي) in Khan Younis (خان يونس). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.344261, 34.291017.

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  • Imagery:
    @Hanialhasn1999

  • Imagery:
    @Hanialhasn1999

  • Imagery:
    @Hanialhasn1999

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (3–4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0138

Incident date

October 12, 2023

Location

طلال السلطان, Tal al Sultan, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.310318, 34.241843 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the morning of Thursday, October 12th 2023, between 12 and 14 civilians, including at least five women and four children, were killed, and at least 40 civilians, including a number of children, were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on two homes in the Tal al-Sultan area of Rafah that belonged to the Baroud and Abu Shaar families.

Mahmud Ziad (@Mahmoud_aser19) reported on Twitter/X that a “number of children were injured”, and posted images of wounded children of varying ages being treated in a hospital. Sources did not specify the number of casualties from the Baroud family.

A Twitter/X user HadaratMedia posted the images of the buildings that were hit with smoke rising behind them, while a Facebook user AbuSha3ar1 shared the images of the rubble and a wounded child.

Tributes on social media mostly listed the names of 12 members of the Abu Shaar family all killed in the incident, though some social media sources, like Alarabia Palestine Facebook account, reported that 14 members of the Abu Shaar family were killed. From the names and ages reported on social media, it is likely that members of the Abu Shaar family were killed across three generations. Shehab agency reported that another 40 individuals were wounded.

A Facebook user AbuSha3ar1 shared the images of the funeral of the Abu Shaar family members at the Abu Youssef Al-Najjar Hospital. In another post, he shared the images of some killed family members, including two young boys.

Ziad Salama Abu Shaar (Abu Muhammad), 49, was named on social media as the owner of the residence; he was reported killed together with his two daughters, 22-year old Abeer Ziad Salama Abu Shaar and Nada Ziad Salama Abu Shaar and his two sons, 13-year old Muhammad Ziyad Salama Abu Shaar and 10-year old Mahmoud Ziyad Salama Abu Shaar. Ziad Shaar is seen on an image attached to a Facebook post by adelzourob73 as a middle-aged man in a driver’s seat. Rawan R Abu Taha referred to him as a “good neigbour” in a heartfelt Facebook testimony.

44-year old Ziad Abdullah Abu Shaar was also killed together with his children, 17-year old Muhammad Ziyad Abdullah Abu Shaar and 15-year old daughter Islam Ziyad Abdullah Abu Shaar. Mohannad Abo Fadi wrote in a Facebook testimony that the late Ziad Abu Shaar “had a kind heart”.

Among the victims was also a 78-year old woman, Hajja Janadi Ibrahim Ahmed Abu Shaar (Umm Khaled), a 46-year old woman Maysar Salama Abu Shaar, and Sarah Yasser Abu Shaar who was referred to as a “judge” in a Facebook post by alaa.abuhair.

Additionally, the Facebook tributes by Mohannad Abo Fadi and Rawan R Abu Taha mentioned Dahoud Abu Luli among the killed civilians, attaching a picture of a young man.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

According to the Shehab Agency correspondent, the incident occurred in the morning, before 10:30 AM local time.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (11)

Ziad Salama Abu Shaar (Abu Muhammad) زياد سلامة أبو شعر
49 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 900201195
Abeer Ziad Salama Abu Shaar عبير زياد سلامة أبو شعر
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 406970954
Nada Ziad Salama Abu Shaar ندى زياد سلامة أبو شعر
female killed
Muhammad Ziyad Salama Abu Shaar محمد زياد سلامة أبو شعر
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429322589
Mahmoud Ziyad Salama Abu Shaar محمود زياد سلامة أبو شعر
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434064382
Ziad Abdullah Abu Shaar زياد عبدالله اعطيوي أبو شعر
44 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800130965
Muhammad Ziyad Abdullah Abu Shaar محمد زياد عبدالله ابو شعر
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422713438
Islam Ziyad Abdullah Abu Shaar إسلام زياد عبدالله ابو شعر
15 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 425868312
Hajja Janadi Ibrahim Ahmed Abu Shaar (Umm Khaled) جنادي إبراهيم أحمد أبو شعر
78 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 944937135
Maysar Salama Abu Shaar ميسر سلامة أبو شعر
46 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900601394
Sarah Yasser Abu Shaar سارة ياسر أبو شعر
female killed

The victims were named as:

Dahoud Abu Luli داهود ابو لولي
Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 14
  • (4–5 children5–6 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (30) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohannad Abo Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohannad Abo Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mahmoud_aser19
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mahmoud_aser19
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mahmoud_aser19
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mahmoud_aser19
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HadaratMedia
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HadaratMedia
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: adelzourob73
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hassan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hassan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hassan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Abdullah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamemd Baround facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamemd Baround facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AbuSha3ar1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Tal al Sultan (طلال السلطان) to the west of Rafah (رفح). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tal al Sultan are: 31.310318, 34.241843.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 14
  • (4–5 children5–6 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0162

Incident date

October 12, 2023

Location

حي الزيتون, Al Zeitoun neighborhood, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.485479, 34.444885 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 21:00 on 12th October, 2023, various news media reported the same information that a car was bombed by an alleged Israeli aircraft near the new slaughterhouse in the Zaytoun neighborhood in Gaza City, with two people sustaining injuries. The victims have not been identified.

As there were few sources with unique information, this incident has been categorised as ‘weak’, but will be updated should further information come to light.

When sources identified a belligerent, the strike was attributed to the Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 9:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the new slaughterhouse, allegedly located in the Al Zeitoun (الزيتون) neighborhood of Gaza (بغزة) city. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Zeitoun neighborhood are: 31.485479, 34.444885.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[34.4469881,31.4901083],[34.4504213,31.4923543],[34.4526956,31.4911512],[34.4663426,31.4781225],[34.459133,31.4708755],[34.4528673,31.4713147],[34.4464299,31.4763657],[34.4424818,31.4798793],[34.4386193,31.4830268],[34.4341561,31.4849298],[34.4214963,31.4946094],[34.425144,31.496622],[34.427719,31.497793],[34.431195,31.4993664],[34.4332981,31.4980857],[34.4372034,31.4956706],[34.4410228,31.4930359],[34.4436407,31.4912793],[34.4469881,31.4901083]]]}}]}

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0189a

Incident date

October 14, 2023

Location

عائلة الطهراوي شمال رفح, Al Tahrawi family north of Rafah, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

At dawn on October 14th 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the al-Tahrawi family home on Hamid Street in the Beach Camp area, north of Rafah city in the Gaza Strip, reportedly killing three civilians: a grandfather, 64 year old Kamal Abdul Rahman al-Tahrawi, and his young grandsons, 18 year old Kamal Saher al-Tahrawi and 16 year old Walid Muhammad Kamal al-Tahrawi. According to a Facebook post by Shadi al-Madhoun Abu Wadih, Kamal Saher’s uncle, another unidentified civilian sustained injuries. Shadi referred to the latter as “heroic”, wishing them a “speedy recovery”.

Condolence messages alongside several pictures honoring the victims were posted by multiple relatives and acquaintances, including Kamal bin Hassan al-Tahrawi, Alaa al-Tahrawi, Umm Jamal al-Tahrawi, Adel Zourub, as well as Kamal Abdul Rahman’s nieces Umm Omar Khaled and Doaa Matar, his and nephews, his great-niece, Shaimaa al-Tahrawi, and Wael al-Tahrawi Abu Ibrahim, who stated: “we mourn the al-Tahrawi family in the Arab world”.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Every name identified in the strike was found by Airwars among the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of names released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Kamal Abdul Rahman Al-Tahrawi كمال عبد الرحمن الطهراوي
64 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 902210756
Kamal Saher Al-Tahrawi كمال ساهر الطهراوي
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422662510
Walid Muhammad Kamal Al-Tahrawi وليد محمد كمال الطهراوي
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421849464

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu alamir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu alamir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu alamir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaimaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaimaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaimaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaimaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amrak
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amrak
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amrak
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adelzourob73
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    Source: Adelzourob73
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    Source: Adelzourob73
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kemal

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0200b

Incident date

October 14, 2023

Location

الزيتون, Zeitoun, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.485479, 34.444885 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Saturday, October 14th 2023, at least 27 members of the Malika family including 11 women, two of whom were pregnant, were killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike on a house belonging to the Malika family in the Al Zeitoun neighborhood southeast of Gaza.

Malek Malika, a relative of the family, mourned the death of his “uncles and aunts, their sons, daughters and grandchildren”, and included their names – Muhammad Assad Malika (Abu Rashid), his wife Ahlam al-Sharbasi, their son Abdul Rahman Muhammad Malika, their daughters Maryam Muhammad Malika, Khadija Muhammad Malika, Aisha Muhammad Malika, Fatima Muhammad Malika, their pregnant daughter-in-law Batoul Murtaja, Ahmed Assad Malika, his wife Halima Rizq al-Hattab (Umm Osama), their sons Mahmoud Ahmed Malika, Omar Ahmed Malika, Alaa Ahmed Malika, Bilal Ahmed Malika, their daughters Nour Ahmed Malika, Mona Ahmed Malika, their pregnant daughter-in-law Malak al-Zamili, Hamdan Asaad Malika, his wife Elham Rizq al-Hattab, their sons Adam Hamdan Malika, Muhammad Hamdan Malika, their daughter Shaima Hamdan Malika, Amna Asaad Malika, her daughter Hoda Yahya Siyam, her son Muhammad Yahya Siam, Nafya Asaad Malika, and her daughter Marwa Amjad Abu al-Naga. These names were corroborated by Rabeha Nabeel and Aya Karim on social media.

Palestinian News and Shadi Press reported on the bombing, stating that the “Malika family was targeted in the Al-Zaytoun neighborhood, east of Gaza”. Sources on social media Ahmad Mazen and al Sharawmo attributed the bombing to Israeli forces. Mahmoud Harara reported that the burial ceremony for 15 of the victims from the Malika family took place at the Shujaiya cemetery, and included a video of the ceremony. Heba Shaban mourned the death of 25 members of the Malika family, while Ayman Malika, a relative of the family, said “More than twenty martyrs from the Malika cousin family died”, adding that the bombing came without warning. Sources did not specify any injuries.

Elham Rizq al-Hattab was a lawyer, according to a source on social media who offered their condolences, and Halima Rizq al-Hattab was killed with her entire family save for two of her sons. Muhammad Malika was mourned by his colleague at the Palestine Secondary School for Boys named Mahmoud Maher Abu Sharkh, saying he was a “A sweetheart, a beloved colleague with a beautiful smile.” Lama om Yazam and Ahmed Khodeh revealed that among the victims killed was a woman who was nine months pregnant, with the latter sharing a heartbreaking video of the baby that was killed – the identity of the mother is unclear as two of the victims killed, Batoul Murtaja and Malak al-Zamili, were reportedly pregnant. Ahmed Khodeh reported that the paramedic Mahmoud al-Sarhi who arrived at the site of the bombing found out that his fiancee, who had sent him a text the night of the bombing, was among those killed. Mahmoud mourned his fiancee on social media, saying “She has moved to the mercy of God Almighty (Princess) ‘Noor Ahmed Assad Malika’, my fiancée and my soul” – they were supposed to be married the following week.

Airwars was able to find all but three of the named victims among the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (27)

Muhammad Asaad Malaka محمد اسعد ملكة
55 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 954893749
Ahlam Al-Sharbasi احلام الشرباصي
50 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 950608018
Abdul Rahman Muhammad Malaka عبد الرحمن محمد ملكة
11 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 433163672
Maryam Muhammad Malika مريم محمد ملكة
24 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 404604415
Khadija Muhammad Malika خديجة محمد ملكة
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407055045
Aisha Muhammad Malika عائشة محمد ملكة
14 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 425892353
Fatima Muhammad Malika فاطمة محمد ملكة
17 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424394914
Batoul Murtaja بتول مرتجى
19 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 409914975
Ahmed Asaad Malika احمد اسعد ملكة
50 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 931695688
Halima Rizq Al-Hattab حليمة رزق الحطاب
50 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 954747283
Mahmoud Ahmed Malika محمود احمد ملكة
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804672889
Omar Ahmed Malika عمر احمد ملكة
28 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400564993
Alaa Ahmed Malika علاء احمد ملكة
24 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 405259896
Bilal Ahmed Malika بلال احمد ملكة
15 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421208208
Nour Ahmed Malika نور احمد ملكة
27 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 402263669
Mona Ahmed Malika منى احمد ملكة
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 432265197
Malak Al-Zamili ملاك الزميلي
24 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 405434580
Hamdan Asaad Malika حمدان اسعد ملكة
46 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 901652321
Elham Rizq Al-Hattab الهام رزق الحطاب
45 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900656414
Adam Hamdan Malika ادم حمدان ملكة
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421849217
Muhammad Hamdan Malaka محمد حمدان ملكة
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 435072376
Shaima Hamdan شيماء حمدان ملكة
19 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 421159443
Amna Asaad Malika امنة اسعد ملكة
killed
Hoda Yahya Siyam هدى يحيى صيام
female killed
Muhammad Yahya Siam محمد يحيى صيام
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803548510
Nayfa Asaad Malika نايفة اسعد ملكة
44 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 903490837
Marwa Abu Al-Naga مروى ابو النجا
female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    27
  • (7–8 children11–12 women7 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Esams Family
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: M.k.si
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: M.k.si
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: A.Mahmoud Maher Abu Sharkh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamad s bakroun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed khodeh journalist
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Zeitoun (الزيتون) neighbourhood south of Gaza city (غزة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.485479, 34.444885. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    27
  • (7–8 children11–12 women7 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0267

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

برج الياسمين  حي الرمال الجنوبي في غزة, Jasmine Tower west of Abu Mazen roundabout, Rimal neighborhood, Gaza City, Gaza strip, Gaza City, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

During the night of Monday, On October 16, 2023, at least one civilian, a woman, was killed and between two to four civilians were injured, including children, after an Israeli aircraft reportedly bombed an apartment building in the Jasmine Tower located west of Abu Mazen roundabout in the Rimal neighborhood of Gaza city.

The Arabic-language Facebook page New World Reserve shared a photograph of a high-rise building burning on its upper floors. While further publicly available details are scarce, numerous social media users shared similar accounts of this event. In its reporting, the news aggregator Nabd stated that Israeli forces “bombed an apartment in the Jasmine Tower, west of Abu Mazen roundabout in Gaza City.”

Posting on Facebook, a neighbor of the deceased named Bassel Aklouk stated that this alleged incident “led to the martyrdom of our neighbor, Umm Yusuf al-Aklouk, may God have mercy on her, and the wounding of her husband and our beloved neighbor, Abu Yusuf, and his children”, sharing a video of the rubble and heavily damaged building.

Bahaa-Udin Asmar, who claimed he was also a resident of the building and witnessed the strike, posted on Facebook: “An unforgettable night. Death was right in front of me when I was in the Jasmine Tower while it was being bombed,” adding that he was injured in the foot during the bombing.

Airwars was not able to match the victim’s name with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, potentially because none of the sources provided Umm Yusuf’s first name.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Um Yousef Al Aqlouq أم يوسف العكلوك
Adult female killed
Abu Yousef Al Aqlouq أبو يوسف العكلوك
Adult male injured
Child of Abu Yousef Al Aqlouq طفل أبو يوسف العكلوك
Child injured
Child of Abu Yousef Al Aqlouq طفل أبو يوسف العكلوك
Child injured

The victims were named as:

Bahaa Al Din Asmr بهاد الدين أسمر
Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: New World' Reserve
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]