Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0097

Incident date

October 9–10, 2023

Location

مخيّم الشاطئ, Al-Shati refugee camp, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.530719, 34.452569 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 9 or October 10, 2023, one woman identified as Haifa Al-Tatar (61 years old) and her son Abdelrahman Al-Tatar (35 years old), respectively the wife and son of the former director of Al-Shifa hospital Dr. Nasr Al-Tatar, were reportedly killed in their home following alleged Israeli strikes in the Gaza Strip.

Initial reporting said that Dr Nasr Al-Tatar was among those killed, however, he later appeared in a press conference by the Gaza Ministry of Health on October 10, where he announced that his wife and son had been both killed when their house was bombed by alleged Israeli forces. Al-Mezan Centre for Human Rights’s report corroborated this account, writing that “[T[he bombardment destroyed many homes and residential buildings, on the heads of their residents, [including] the Tatar family”. Majdi Al Tatar, a relative, described his cousin “Abdelrahman Nasr al-Tatar” as a “judge” and said both him and his mother were killed in the attack. Two relatives of the family reported the attack took place on October 9, while other sources published reports on the strikes on October 10. There were no reported injuries, details about the time of the attack or other information.

Al-Tatar’s relatives, Mohammed Al Haddad and Tasnim Mazen, and their neighbour, Kholoud, posted obituaries on Facebook. Dr. Nasr Al-Tatar’s nephew Tansim Mazen posted online that while Haifa Al-Tatar and Abdelrahman Al-Tatar were killed on October 10, Abdelrahman’s brother, Abdullah Nasr Al-Tatar, was previously killed as a “martyr” on October 7.

Another relative of Al-Tatar family described on Facebook Adbullah Al-Tatar as a Hamas militant, leader of the “elite battalion of Al-Shati” who took part in the Hamas attacks against Israel on October 7 – where he was reportedly killed.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

61 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 917045940
35 years old male Son of Haifa killed Matched to MoH ID 801132028

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al-Shati refugee camp (مخيّم الشاطئ) in Gaza city (غَزَّة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 31.530719, 34.452569.

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  • Imagery:
    Kholoud Abumuaileq

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0018

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Location

جنوب غزة, Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.488321, 34.445945 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Saturday, October 7th 2023, a young man was killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike south of Gaza city.

The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) identified him as Amir Abdullah al-Khor, aged 19, further noting that he was just passing by the area when he was killed in the bombing. A relative of the victim, Osama al-Khor, shared a tribute on social media, saying “And give good news to the patient ones who, when a calamity befalls them, say, ‘Indeed we belong to God and to Him we shall return.’ May God have mercy on you, Amir.” Sabra Martyrs Organisation expressed sympathy for the victim’s family, saying it “extends its deepest condolences” to the al-Khor family for the death of their son Amir Abdullah al-Khor.

Only one source, PCRH, identified the belligerent – attributing the strike to Israeli forces.

The incident occurred at approximately 11:00 am local time.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 11:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Amir Abdullah al-Khor امير عبدالله الخور
19 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Alkhor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Alkhor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Alkhor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Alkhor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Shahin facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Basra Martyrs facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the south of Gaza City (جنوب غزة). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Gaza City are: 31.488321, 34.445945.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0075

Incident date

October 9–10, 2023

Location

جباليا, Jabalia, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.538711, 34.495107 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Six civilians, including three children, from three generations of the same family, were killed when an alleged Israeli airstrike hit a residential building in the al-Hawaber area of Jabalia refugee camp in the Gaza Strip on either the 9th or 10th of October, 2023.

The first source to report on the event, a post uploaded on October 9th on the Nasr Family Facebook page, claimed that Nahida Ramadan Sardah was killed alongside her family that day. However Defense for Children International Palestine (DCIP), who named Nahida’s children, noted that the bombing took place on the morning of October 10th in their report. There may have been some delay in the accounts, given that the civilians could not initially be found in the rubble, with a family member, Ahmad Sardah, reporting that the victims were trapped under the rubble for 12 hours.

While DCIP reported that only four civilians were killed, including three children and that other children were injured in the alleged airstrike, family members identified the names of six victims killed. Yasir Serdah, a family member, reported that there were others wounded but did not say how many. Airwars recorded six civilians killed, and two to three civilians injured, including at least two children in the attack.

The six victims were identified by their relatives as the grandmother, Nahida Ramadan Sardah (Umm Mousa al-Hassi) and her daughters-in-law, Rania Mohammed Hassan (Mousa Al-Hassi’s wife) and Rima Nassar. As well as Rania‘s eleven-year-old daughter Nahida al-Hassi, her three-year-old son Karam al-Hassi and Rima‘s two-year-old son Mohammed.

The ages of the children were reported by DCIP.

Multiple sources claimed that the bombing took place without any warning.

Two sources identified a belligerent and attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names and ages with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Nahida Ramadan Sardah ناهدة رمضان سرداح
Adult female mother of Musa Al-Hassi killed
Rima Nassar ريما نصار
Adult female killed
Rania Mohammed Hassan رانيا محمد حسان
Adult female wife of Musa Al-Hassi killed
Nahida al-Hassi ناهدة الهسي
11 years old female Rania's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 432161552
Karam al-Hassi كرم الهسي
3-4 years old male Rania's son killed Matched to MoH ID 442376943
Mohammed al-Hassi محمد
2-3 years old male Rima's son killed Matched to MoH ID 445194376

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (3 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a strike on a residential building in Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Jabalia are: 31.538711, 34.495107.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (3 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0984a

Incident date

November 8, 2023

Location

محيط شارع الصناعة, Vicinity of Al Sinaa Street, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.509642, 34.443460 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On November 8, 2023, two brothers – Muhammad Azmi al Rayees and engineer Muayyad Azmi al Rayees, as well as their cousin Fares Faza al Rayees, were killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike while trying to recover the body of their brother Dr. Maisara Al Rayees from the rubble of the Al Rayees family house in Gaza City.

Three days earlier, on November 5, their father Azmi al Rayees, their mother Enaya, their siblings Dr. Maisara, Uraib and Izza, as well as Izza’s three children, were killed by the first alleged Israeli airstrike on the family home. This incident is recorded in casualty assessment ISPT0905.

According to testimony posted on Facebook by Jaser Zourob, a friend of the late Dr. Maisara, ambulance personnel were unable to initially rescue family members due to the shortage of fuel and equipment. Therefore the two brothers tried to remove the bodies themselves in order to check whether “there was someone still breathing”. Jaser Zourob shared his loss of “Father Azmi Al Rayees, sons, Dr. Maisara, our friend, engineer Muayyad, his brother, sisters, and grandchildren. Each of them has a story, a dream, a goal, and an ambition. They are not just numbers, and we are not just numbers.”

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Muhammad Azmi Al-Rayes محمد عزمي الريس
male killed
Muayyad Azmi Al-Rayes مؤيد عزمي الريس
male Brother of Muhammad killed
Fares Faza Al-Rayes فارس الريس
male Cousin of Muhammad and Muayyad killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mohammedhaniya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mohammedhaniya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mohammedhaniya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jaser Zourob
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jaser Zourob
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jaser Zourob
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ola Kobbani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ola Kobbani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ola Kobbani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Leqa'a Al Saadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Sinaa Street (شارع الصناعة) in Gaza city (غَزَّة), and specify that the strike occurred at the site of a previous strike, assessed by Airwars with the code ISPT0905. Available imagery from each strike supports this conclusion. The exact coordinates for the previous strike are: 31.509642, 34.443460.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0223

Incident date

October 15, 2023

Location

النصيرات, Nuseirat, Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450065, 34.392934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least five people were killed, a woman and four children, and others injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Rahma home in Block 2 of the Nuseirat camp of the central Gaza Strip on October 15th, 2023.

29 year old Sana Tariq Nimr Al-Khalidi, married to an Abdul Karim, was killed along with her two young children: her seven year old daughter, Retaj Abdul Karim Abu Rahma, and her two year old son, Adam Abdel Karim Abu Rahma. Family members Musk Omar Abu Rahma, four years old, and less than a year old Eylul Omar Abu Rahma were also killed. An infant, described as “newborn,” was later discovered under the rubble of the destroyed home, and brought to the al-Aqsa hospital for treatment. This likely describes Eylul, who ultimately died from the strike.

Nemer Alkhaldi posted a memorial for his sister Sana and her children who were among those killed. Other friends and family posted images of the children, with one showing a little girl on a swing.

It is unknown how many others were injured in the strike, but sources on X alleged the injuries were numerous. @sokar_more claimed most of the people killed and injured were children which @elthwrah corroborated, adding that women were also killed. Initially, it had been reported that two people, not five, had been killed.

All names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Sana Tariq Nimr Al-Khalidi سناء طارق نمر الخالدي
29 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 400264438
Retaj Abdul Karim Abu Rahma ريتاج عبدالكريم ابو رحمة
7 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437266323
Adam Abdel Karim Abu Rahma آدم عبد الكريم ابو رحمة
2 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 442829883
Musk Omar Abu Rahma مسك عمر ابو رحمة
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 441203965
Eylul Omar Abu Rahma أيلول عمر ابو رحمة
Less than 1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444132583

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Safa news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PalestineTV
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Nuseirat (النصيرات), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450065, 34.392934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0214

Incident date

October 15, 2023

Location

سوبر ماركت الاسمر, al Asmar Supermarket, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.307887, 34.239218 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Sunday, October 15th 2023, four members of the Awaja family were killed, and at least five others, including at least three children, were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on a house belonging to the Awaja family on First Street near Al-Asmar Supermarket, in the Tal al-Sultan neighborhood west of the city of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip.

Safa news and Palestine press reported that “A house for the Awaja family in the Tal Al-Sultan neighborhood in Rafah” was bombed, while sources on social media included further details mentioning that the home was located on First Street near Al-Asmar Supermarket, and belonged to Lal Awaja, without specifying if he was among the casualties. Twitter user Hamza al Namla included a video showing rescue efforts at a heavily damaged building, allegedly the bombed home.

Local media including Safa and Shehab Agency reported on the death of two women in the bombing, with Shehab also reporting a total of four deaths and a “large number of injuries” as having been recovered, which was corroborated by the Palestinian Information Center, Wattan, Nabad and New Press. Hani Alshaer, a source online, specified five civilians were injured in the attack, while Muhammad al-Jamal mentioned the names of the two women killed, saying “the martyrdom of two girls, Heba Nafez al-Hams and Shaima Ali Awaja.” Multiple sources on local and social media including the Palestinian Information Center, Shehab Agency, Quds, and al Jazeera shared heartbreaking images of at least three heavily injured young children being treated in a hospital, stating “Children receiving primary care at Al-Najjar Hospital in Rafah following the bombing of a Palestinian family’s home in the Tal Al-Sultan neighborhood.” Sources do not mention the ages of the children, or their relationship to the Awaja family.

Relatives and friends of the Awaja family mourned the deaths on social media, with Basma Ibrahim and Rona Nayef Ali offering condolences to their friend Dina for the death of her unnamed mother, and the the deaths of her sister-in-law Heba Nafez al-Hams, her aunt Ibtisam Awaja, and Ibtisam’s daughter Shaima Awaja. Sources refer to Heba’s husband Muhammad Awaja as a martyr, indicating that he was killed in a previous incident.

All of the names of the civilians killed in the attack have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified a belligerent, they attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Heba Nafez al-Hams هبة نافذ الهمص
40 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 456408194
Shaima Ali Awaja شيماء عواجة
33 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802662528
Ibtisam Awaja ابتسام عواجة
61 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 924870983

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (49) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (76) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @RaidKaid1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @RaidKaid1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @RaidKaid1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @qudsn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @qudsn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @qudsn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @qudsn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Selma Bén'aâ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Madani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qena
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qena
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qena
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @paldf
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @paldf
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @paldf
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @paldf
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @RaouedJebali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Hebat Al-Rahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Hebat Al-Rahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Hebat Al-Rahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Hebat Al-Rahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Hebat Al-Rahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Hebat Al-Rahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhadas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamed Ait Larbi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamed Ait Larbi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamed Ait Larbi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamed Ait Larbi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamed Ait Larbi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohamed Ait Larbi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Al Qasimi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Al Qasimi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Al Qasimi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Al Qasimi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Warda Al Qasimi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Soboh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Soboh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Soboh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Soboh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Soboh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Soboh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdul Rahman Hamada
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdul Rahman Hamada
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdul Rahman Hamada
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdul Rahman Hamada
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdul Rahman Hamada
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdul Rahman Hamada
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of al Asmar Supermarket (سوبر ماركت الاسمر) to the west of Rafah (رفح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.307887 34.239218. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (49) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0300

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

محيط ملعب برقة, Vicinity of Burqa Stadium, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.285973, 34.253723 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 17th 2023, 12 civilians from the same family, including five women and three children, were reportedly killed and an unknown number of others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Al-Khawaja family home located in Al-Shaboura refugee camp in central Rafah near Burqa Stadium.

Safa News reported that “more than 10 unarmed civilians” were killed while Alarabiya Palestine identified 12 members of the Al-Khawaja family killed, along with images of their bodies wrapped in white shrouds and the funeral service. According to Aymen abo hatab al hawa, the funeral prayer was carried out at Al-Farouq Mosque in Al-Shaboura Camp and the burial occurred at Sultan Hill Cemetery.

A Facebook post by Musab Mohammad has identified all 12 of the victims. Hassan Mahmoud Al-Khawaja (Abu Ali) and his son, 29 year old Ibrahim Hassan Al Khawaja, were killed in the strike.

Hassan’s brother 54 year old Saber Mahmoud Al-Khawaja, his wife 50 year old Amal Abdul Aziz Al Khawaja and their children, 28 year old Muhammad Saber Al-Khawaja, 23 year old Asmaa Saber Al Khawaja and 20 year old Iman Saber Al Khawaja were also among those killed.

In addition, Hassan’s daughter-in-law 32 year old Walaa Muhammad Al-Khawaja Adwan (wife of Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja) and her daughters 2 year old Sila Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja and 9 year old Sarah Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja were also all killed in the strike.

Hassan’s grandson Khaled Muhammad Fathi Jabr (child, son of Amaal Almahmoud) has also been identified and described as ‘the cutest and sweetest child in the world’ in a Facebook post by user Leqa Al Saadi. Lega’s post added that Khaled was finally born after 5 years of trying, and he had a twin brother named Adam who passed away a few hours after his birth. Khaled is pictured in his school uniform wearing a backpack.

A further Facebook post by Eman abu Koush paid tribute to 30 year old Manal Musa Mustafa Al-Khawaja Abu Armana (wife of Ali Hassan Al-Khawaka) who was among those killed and ‘prayed for mercy for her daughters’.

Multiple sources reported that “injuries” resulted from the strike. However, none provided an exact number of injuries.

The five-floor residential building reportedly provided refuge to families who had been displaced, with one source reporting that over 50 members of the Al-Khawaja were in the building. Images distributed on Facebook capture locals recovering the dead and injured from the rubble.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (12)

Hassan Mahmoud Al-Khawaja حسن محمود الخواجة
Adult male killed
Ibrahim Hassan Al Khawaja ابراهيم حسن الخواجة
29 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804766228
Saber Mahmoud Al-Khawaja صابر محمود الخواجة
54 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 958567596
Amal Abdul Aziz Al Khawaja مل عبد العزيز الخواجة
50 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 931685655
Muhammad Saber Al-Khawaja محمد صابر الخواجة
28 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400873030
Asmaa Saber Al Khawaja اسماء صابر الخواجة
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 405948134
Iman Saber Al Khawaja ايمان صابر الخواجة
20 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408716926
Walaa Muhammad Al-Khawaja Adwan ولاء محمد الخواجا عدوان
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803276187
Sila Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja سيلا محمود حسن الخواجة
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445257033
Sarah Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja سارة محمود حسن الخواجة
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 433569365
Khaled Muhammad Fathi Al-Khawaja Jabr خالد محمد فتحي الخواجا جبر
Child male killed
Manal Musa Mustafa Al-Khawaja Abu Armana منال موسي مصطفي الخواجا أبوعرمانة
30 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 804429181

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (3 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (30) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adle abo batta
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud elmassri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud elmassri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud elmassri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Palestine202229
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Palestine202229
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fady KH
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo mohammad mesara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo mohammad mesara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Leqa al saadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Burqa Stadium (ملعب برقة) in Rafah (رفح). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.285973, 34.253723

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  • Imagery:
    AFP News Agency

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (3 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0404

Incident date

October 19, 2023

Location

عبسان الكبيرة, Abasan Al Kabira, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.323417, 34.347364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At dawn on Thursday, October 19th 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Abu Daqqa family house located in the town of Abasan al-Kabira in the Khan Yunis governorate in the Gaza Strip killed an eight-year old boy named Hamza Bashar Jamil (Abu Daqqa).

Shehab Agency initially reported about the serious injury of Hamza Jamil, but later relatives mourned his death in social media tributes. Hamza’s father’s cousin, A. Mohammad Abu Daqqa Abu Mahmoud, posted on Facebook that the family house was completely destroyed, having posted an image of the rubble left from the building.

Hamza Bashar Abu Daqqa was mentioned in tributes by his family members as “the Memorizer of the Book of God” which means that he learned the Koran by heart. His aunt Rasha Alnajjar wrote a touching testimony to his nephew: “My dear, Hamza Bashar, I was talking about you as a leader, and you turned out to be a leader in every way. Brave, intelligent, and this is what I sensed since your childhood. It is enough that you have won the world and memorized the Book of God. And in the hereafter, you will rise as a martyr.”

Another relative, Houria Dehiba wrote in a heartfelt Facebook post: “They killed you and your dreams and the dreams of your mother.”

Hamza Bashar appears in the images shared on Facebook by his relatives as a smiling young boy in diverse locations, including one picture in a traditional attire.

Airwars has matched Hamza Bashar Jamil (Abu Daqqa)’s name to the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Hamza Bashar Jamil Abu Daqqa حمزة بشار جميل ابو دقة
8 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 426468567

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: A. Mohammad Abu Daqqa Abu Mahmoud
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aboud Daqqa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Houria Dehiba
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rasha Alnajjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Atef Abdelhmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Absan Al Kabira
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Absan Al Kabira

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Abasan Al Kabira (عبسان الكبيرة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.323417, 34.347364. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]