Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

RS4313

Incident date

January 17, 2021

Location

سجن قرية القاسمية, Al Qasimia village prison , Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that between 20 and more than 30 prisoners were killed and others injured in alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Al Qasimia village prison in Aleppo’s western countryside in Syria on January 17th, 2020.

@yamenhm11 tweeted ” A massacre of more than 30 prisoners as a result of Russian and Iranian warplanes’ bombing on Al-Qasimia prison a while ago. The number of the injured is increasing, and most of them are rebels and activists.”

Local sources states that:”More than 30 prisoners were killed as a result of the Russian and Iranian bombing of Al Qasimia prison a short while ago, and the number of wounded is increasing, most of them revolutionaries and activists”

A different local source estimated that more than twenty prisoners were killed and that the ones that fled were shot whilst trying to escape.

Al Atareb post said that the area was targeted with four raids.

Aksalser and SOHR both suspected that the attacker was the Russian Armed Forces, whilst various local sources also additionally mention the Syrian Armed Forces and Iranian Armed Forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 30
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 30
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4504

Incident date

March 5, 2020

Location

معرة مصرين, Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 16 civilians, including between two and five children and 5 to seven women, were killed and up to 35 civilians, including two women and four children were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on March 5th, 2020, according to local sources.

@seerij80 tweeted 14 names of some of the civilians who were killed: Mohammed Hussein Harkoush, an Unknown woman, Mohammed Mustafa Eid, Mohammed al Hussein Saleh Harkoush, Mohammed Al Saleh Harkoush, Ahmad Al Ghadban, Yasser Hamoud, Aya Salem Qoutaish, Maya Salem Qoutaish, Irein Mohammed Qoutaish, Jamila Ibrahim Al Saleh, Yaza Hamoud, Zainab Harkoush, Fatima Harkoush and Ibrahim Harkoush. Other sources reported the civilian death toll as high as 16.

Edlib Media Center reported that there were “civilian martyrs and wounded as a result of Russian occupation warplanes targeting a building inhabited by displaced people near the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib, at dawn today [March 5th, 2020].”

Multiple sources added that most of the civilians harmed by the strike had been women and children, Smart News reported that 7 of the civilian deaths were women. Others reported as many as 5 of the civilian deaths were children.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “the presence of at least 18 wounded people, some of them in critical conditions, in addition to information about other martyrs, as rescue teams continue to remove the rubble and search for missing persons”. Other sources reported that the number of injured was as high as 35.

Witnesses told Smart News Agency that the Russian warplanes targeted a farm inhabited by displaced people from the Ma’arat Al Numan area, killing nine civilians and wounding 20. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported the farm was a poultry farm. According to SOHR, the victims are displaced people from Hama, Aleppo and other areas of Idlib.

Ahmed Sheikho, director of the Syrian Civil Defence Media office in Idlib told Smart News Agency that “Russian warplanes launched two raids on a farm inhabited by displaced families in the vicinity of the city of Ma’arat Misrin, killing 16 civilians, including seven women and two children, and wounding 21 others, including two children and four women”. Edlib Media Center reported that 32 people were wounded.

The airstrike took place around 2-3:00am and hit derelict farm buildings in which displaced families had been seeking refuge.

Bab Al Taka added that 6 of the civilians killed had previously been residents of “Bab al-Taqa village”. Other sources reported Aleppo and Hama as other areas where the displaced people living in Ma’aret Misrin had previously fled from.

Reuters reported on the ensuing situation of talks between President Putin and Erdogan, where “Putin expressed his regret to Erdogan over the recent killing of 34 Turkish soldiers in an air strike, saying that the Syrian army did not know their whereabouts. Civil defense workers helping to clear the rubble and search for survivors said that at least 16 civilians were killed”.

Human rights watch later reported that “at least five munitions” had hit the buildings in which “14 displaced families were living”. The Human rights watch source also gave the harrowing account of a man and his son who said “For some families, no one was left. For other families, only one or two people survived, and they left. Others whose shelter was destroyed also left. We are the only family who stayed behind, because we found a room nearby. We didn’t stay willingly, but we have nowhere else to go…”

A witness described the scene as “I saw a woman and her husband under the rubble with their daughter, who was about 6 years old. The man was waving his hand for help… I dug the girl out from under the rubble and placed her on a mattress on the ground while we waited for the ambulance. Suddenly, an airplane dropped a complete load of [munitions] on us. I heard a huge bang and the explosion threw me to the ground and I couldn’t move. My clothes got ripped off. I finally stood up afterwards and realized I had burns to my head and could not hear from one ear.”

Human rights watch added that “the area where he had laid the girl down had been blown up, killing the girl, he said. Two SCD volunteers who arrived after the first two munitions hit found seven people wounded, whom they took to hospital. Several team members remained there when the next set of munitions hit, killing some of those who had been wounded in the first set of strikes.”

According to Human Rights Watch, “All witnesses interviewed said they knew of no military objectives in the vicinity before or at the time of the attack, nor were there signs of military weapons, equipment, or personnel in the imagery reviewed.”

Human Rights Watch also identified “Sentry messages sent that morning between 2 a.m. and 2:30 a.m., on the messaging app Telegram, included continuous sightings of a Russian aircraft in the area and the COI, in the report it released in July 2020, said it had “reasonable grounds to believe” the attack had been carried out by Russia.” The vast majority of other sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Russia, with only Shaam News mentioning both Russian and regime planes carrying out strikes. Therefore, we grade this as likely carried out by Russian forces.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Yaza Hamoud killed
  • Yasser Hamoud killed

Family members (3)

  • Aya Salem Qoutaish killed
  • Maya Salem Qutaish killed
  • Irene Muhammad Qutish Child female killed

Family members (6)

  • Mohammed Hussein Harkoush killed
  • Mohammed al Hussein Saleh Harkoush killed
  • Mohammed Al Saleh Harkoush killed
  • Zainab Harkoush killed
  • Fatima Harkoush killed
  • Ibrahim Harkoush killed
  • Ahmad Al Ghadban Age unknown killed
  • Jamila Ibrahim Al Saleh Age unknown killed
  • Mohammed Mustafa Eid Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 16
  • (2–5 children5–7 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (51) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (67) [ collapse]

  • Belongings of civilians after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SOHR).
  • Damage after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SOHR).
  • Destroyed building after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SOHR).
  • Damage after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SOHR).
  • Child walking in rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SOHR).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer carrying a killed or injured child after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteer holding a child victim in an ambulance after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying a victim after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying a victim after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying a victim into an ambulance after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Destroyed building after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying a victim into an ambulance after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Footage of the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Mission on March 5th, 2020 (via @IdlibPlus).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying a victim into an ambulance after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Ma'arat Misrin on March 5th, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • Damaged building near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Child standing in front of the destoyed farm near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Damaged poultry farm near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Damaged building near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Destruction near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Damaged poultry farm near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • Destruction near Ma'arat Misrin after alleged Russian airstrikes on March 5th, 2020 (via SNN).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a child killed in airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @fatina_sam98)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a child critically injured from airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @fatina_sam98)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @EyadHoms20)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @EyadHoms20)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @EyadHoms20)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @EyadHoms20)
  • Rescue workers with one of the victims of airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @zamanalwsl)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @zamanalwsl)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @zamanalwsl)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @zamanalwsl)
  • One of the victims of airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @zamanalwsl)
  • "A horrific massacre committed by Russian warplanes on the outskirts of the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib The raids targeted poultry farms and around them some rooms and tents, all inhabited by displaced people from the southern countryside of Idlib" (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • "A horrific massacre committed by Russian warplanes on the outskirts of the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib The raids targeted poultry farms and around them some rooms and tents, all inhabited by displaced people from the southern countryside of Idlib" (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • "A horrific massacre committed by Russian warplanes on the outskirts of the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib The raids targeted poultry farms and around them some rooms and tents, all inhabited by displaced people from the southern countryside of Idlib" (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Rescue workers help victims of airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Rescue workers help victims of airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Rescue workers help victims of airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Arabic names of those killed in airstrikes on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by @seerij80)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a man killed in airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Misrine news via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a child critically injured from airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Misrine news via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Enab Baladi News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of Muhammad Mustafa Eid, killed in airstrikes on Ma’aret Misrin on March 5, 2020. (Image posted by Al Mastouma coordinate via Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 16
  • (2–5 children5–7 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (51) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4502

Incident date

March 3, 2020

Location

شارع الثلاثين, Al Thalatheen Street, Idlib city, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Upto 12 civilians have been killed, up to eight of which were children on top of, up to 21 civilians injured, up to five of which were children in alleged Russian and Assadi regime airstrikes on Al Thalatheen street in Idlib City on March 3rd 2020.

Truman.almare posted that that the airstrike took place at 10.15 am and named the following victims including women and children: Shadi Imad Ahmad Al-Satouf, 8 years old, from Khan Al-Sabil, Abd al-Rahman al-Asimi, 5 years old, from Daraa, Abdullah Al-Asimi, 7 years old, from Daraa, Abd al-Salam al-Asimi, 10 years old, from Daraa, Wasel Muhammad Al-Mahmoud (Al-Farawi), 20 years old, from Khan Al-Subul, Bakr Abdul Aziz Ahmed Satouf, 9 years old, from Khan Al-Sabil, Hussein Sheikh Ahmed, 65 years old, from Telmans, Hamza Hajj Hamdo, 48 years old, from Maarat al-Numan, Shahham Hajj Hamdo, 5 years old, from Maarat al-Numan, Rimas Hajj Hamdo, 8 years old, from Maarat al-Numan, the child, Imad Ahmed Satouf, from Khan Al-Sabil. Multiple sources put the civilian death toll as high as 12.

Truman.almare also added that those known to be injured at the time of posting were: Muhammad Ahmad Al-Mahmoud (Al-Farawi) Khan Al-Sabil, the child, Muhammad Abdel-Fattah Satouf, 14 years old, Khan al-Sabil, Maher Jihad Ahmed Al-Satouf, 13 years old, Khan Al-Sabil, the child Nasr Abdel Aziz Ahmed Satouf, 7 years old, Khan Al-Sabil, the child, Zaid Abdel Aziz Ahmed Satouf, 12 years old, Khan al-Subul. Multiple sources put the number of civilians injured as high as 21, while @Mabo_albraa reported that 13 people were wounded, with some of them in critical condition.

Hiberpress added details of the area “this area is filled with displaced people from the cities and towns of Idlib countryside as a result of the recent campaign of the regime and Russia, where the people live in unfinished houses that do not shelter them in the winter cold, and the children who rose were just street vendors”.

Edlib Media Center blamed the Syrian regime and Iranian ‘militias’ for the attack, while @ShahbaPress blamed Russia. Edlib Media Center said “nine civilians were martyred and 14 others were wounded due to the fall of rocket-propelled grenades believed to be from the regime forces and Iranian militias in Maarat al-Numan, south of Idlib.”

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Family members (3)

Family members (7)

  • Shadi Imad Ahmad Al-Satouf 8 years old killed
  • Bakr Abdul Aziz Ahmed Satouf 9 years old killed
  • Imad Ahmed Satouf Child killed
  • Muhammad Abdel-Fattah Satouf 14 years old injured
  • Maher Jihad Ahmed Al-Satouf 13 years old injured
  • Nasr Abdel Aziz Ahmed Satouf 7 years old injured
  • Zaid Abdel Aziz Ahmed Satouf 12 years old injured

Family members (2)

  • Wasel Muhammad Al-Mahmoud (Al-Farawi) 20 years old from Khan Al-Subul killed
  • Muhammad Ahmad Al-Mahmoud (Al-Farawi) injured
  • Hussein Sheikh Ahmed 65 years old killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (4–8 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13–21
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Three children from Al Asemi family were killed in an airstrike on Idlib City on March 3rd, 2020 (via Justice Organization).
  • A massacre caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @fawaz_jwaid)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of children killed in airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @JulianRoepcke)
  • The body of a child killed in airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @JulianRoepcke)
  • A massacre caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @civil_hama)
  • A massacre caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @civil_hama)
  • White Helmets respond to a massacre caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • The body of one of the civilians killed in airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @TNNArabic)
  • One of the civilians injured in airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @TNNArabic)
  • The body of one of the civilians killed in airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @TNNArabic)
  • One of the civilians injured in airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by @TNNArabic)
  • 9 martyrs and several wounded from the displaced people of the city of Damascus as a result of raids targeting the town of Al-Foua, east of Idlib, a short while ago.
  • The Syrian regime forces committed a horrific massacre in Idlib, killing 9 and several wounded, after bombing a residential neighborhood in the city with a ground-to-ground missile
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Mohammad via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Mohammad via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Mohammad via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Al-Thalatheen Street in Idlib city on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Mohammad via Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (4–8 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13–21
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4503

Incident date

March 3, 2020

Location

شلخ, Shalakh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A man has been killed and up to three others have been reported to have been injured, including one women as a result of alleged Russian and Assad airstrikes on the town of Shalakh on March 3rd 2020.

Syrian Civil Defense reported: “In the town of Shalakh, a man was killed and 3 people were wounded, including a woman.”

Shaam news later added that “Russian and Assad warplanes” were alleged to have been behind the airstrikes. The other two sources that reported on the incident did not attribute blame for the strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4499

Incident date

March 2, 2020

Location

الفوعة, Al Fou’a, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 11 civilians were killed, including at least one child, and 6 to more than 10 others, including a woman, were wounded as a result of alleged Russian airstrikes on residential neighborhoods in the town of Al Fu’ah, northeast of Idlib on the evening of March 2nd, 2020 according to local sources and news agencies.

Most of the sources initially reported the death of 9 civilians. However, some other sources such as SCD stated the day after the attack that the raids allegedly committed by Russian warplanes on Al Fu’ah killed 11 civilians. SCD added that the civil defense team spent three hours searching for the missing under the rubble and recovering their bodies. Two days after the attack Syrian Network for Human Rights documented the names of two of the victims killed but it is unclear if this was their final death toll. The lowest number of civilians killed provided by a source was six civilians reported by Shaam News.

Among the people killed, local sources mentioned the names of the child Muhammad Fadi Al-Hafyan who is originally from the city of Ma’arat Al Numan, young Amer, young Mohammed Abu Hudhaifa, and his father Abdo Abu Fayyad who were displaced from the city of Darayya and Abu Ali Qassem. SNHR documented only the names of the child Muhammad Fadi Al-Hafyan and Abdo Abu Fayyad. A tweet from @anasanas84 mentioned that the victims of the strikes were “displaced persons from the city of Damascus”.

Most of the sources said that many were wounded to varying degrees in the attack. SCD reported that 6, including a woman, were injured while Shahba press said that there were more than 10 civilians injured. Ambulances transported the wounded to medical points in the area.

SNHR mentioned that the airstrikes were on the victims’ place near a military site of a faction of the armed opposition in Al Fu’ah. A Syrian Journalist called Rami Mustafa reported that Russian warplanes attacked civilian homes in the center of the town with four air raids. On the other hand, one source called TN Network claimed that the airstrikes were on gatherings of militants inside the town of Al Fu’ah and the gunmen inside the town were on their way to the fronts of contact with the Syrian army.

The airstrikes caused great destruction and significant damage in residential neighborhoods in the town of Al Fu’ah according to local sources and pictures posted from the affected areas.

All the sources that reported on the incident claimed that Russia was responsible for the airstrikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Abdo Abu Fayyad Adult male killed
  • Mohammed Abu Hudhaifa male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (45) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (31) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering victims after alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Fou'a, Idlib governorate, on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping a presumbably injured man after alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Fou'a, Idlib governorate, on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching the rubble after after alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Fou'a, Idlib governorate, on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Abdo Abu Fayyad and his young son Mohammed Abu Hudhaifa, both killed in killed in strikes on Al Fou’a on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by Mohamed19801980 via Facebook)
  • One of the victims of strikes on Al Fou’a on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by Mohamed19801980 via Facebook)
  • Mohammed Abu Hudhaifa, killed along with his father in strikes on Al Fou’a on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by Mohamed19801980 via Facebook)
  • Abdo Abu Fayyad, killed along with his son in strikes on Al Fou’a on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by Abu Omar via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrike on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by GhoutaaGMC via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrike on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by GhoutaaGMC via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrike on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by GhoutaaGMC via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrike on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by GhoutaaGMC via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrike on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by GhoutaaGMC via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Shafak.med.56 via Facebook)
  • Airstrike on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Shafak.med.56 via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Shafak.med.56 via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Shafak.med.56 via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Shafak.med.56 via Facebook)
  • 11 civilians were killed and 6 others, including a woman, were injured, in the final outcome of the massacre committed by Russian warplanes in the town of Al-Foua, north of Idlib yesterday evening, Monday, as the civil defense teams finished their work after three hours of continuous work in searching for the missing under the rubble and recovering their bodies.
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Destruction caused by airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Zaitun Media via Facebook)
  • Rescue crews respond to airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Turke3s via Facebook)
  • Rescue crews respond to airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Turke3s via Facebook)
  • Rescue crews respond to airstrikes on Al Fou’a on March 3, 2020. (Image posted by Sada.media.foundation2 via Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (45) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4500

Incident date

March 2, 2020

Location

بنش, Binnish, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that one man was killed and up to two others injured as a result of alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Binnish in the Idlib province, on March 2nd 2020.

Alleged Russian warplanes carried out two raids on the city of Binnish. The strikes resulted in the death of one civilian Rami Haj Hamden, and injured two more. Initial sources claimed one man was killed and one man injured but Step news reported 3 civilians were impacted by the strike.

Multiple photographic sources show extensive property damage, including that of a local hospital.

SNHR reported: “fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles near the hospital of Islamic Medical Complex in Binnesh city in the northern suburbs of Idlib suburbs, killing Rami Haj Hamdan and partially damaging its building and equipment.”

SNHR later reported that a Syrian Civil Defense vehicle was damaged “while they were heading to a site of a previous bombing by Syrian- Russian alliance forces on the outskirts of the city, severely damaging an ambulance of Civil Defense”. This indicates that there was a second “double strike” that only resulted in material damage, corresponding with the Civil Defense’s own reporting on the incident and the resulting damage.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Major damage was reported after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Binnish, Idlib governorate, on March 2nd, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • A damaged vehicle following an alleged Russian airstrike on Binnish, March 2nd (via White Helmets)
  • A damaged vehicle following an alleged Russian airstrike on Binnish, March 2nd (via White Helmets)
  • A damaged vehicle following an alleged Russian airstrike on Binnish, March 2nd (via White Helmets)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4501

Incident date

March 2, 2020

Location

عدوان, Adwan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that up to two civilians were killed and two others, including a woman, were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on a secondary school in a camp for displaced people in Adwan in the Idlib province on March 2nd 2020.

Multiple sources claimed that two civilians were killed as a result of the alleged Russian airstrike. Step News was the only source to report that one civilian was killed in the attack.

Smart news added that the strike also led to the injury of one woman and one man.

SNHR Post later added detail that “fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Odwan Secondary School in Odwan village in Sahl al Rouj area in the western suburbs of Idlib governorate, partially destroying its building and severely destroying its furniture, on March 2”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed airstrikes on Adwan to Russian planes while Shaam News was the only source to mention that both regime and Russian planes carried out airstrikes in various villages across Idlib.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets respond after airstrikes were carried out on the town of Adwan on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @HosamAlhaji)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4495

Incident date

March 1, 2020

Location

كفرنتين, Kafar Natin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to five civilians, including one child were killed, and three to six others were injured as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on a residential gathering in Kafr Natin near Dar Ezza in Aleppo, on the morning of March 1st 2020 according to Local sources.

Most of the sources claimed that Russian forces were responsible for the airstrikes, while few others including SNHR blamed the Syrian regime.

Arabic news agencies and other local sources initially reported the killing of 4 civilians, however SCD-Aleppo documented the names of 5 killed civilians: young Mahdi Al-Jarr, young Raji Abdullah, young Hassan Ibrahim Jameel Al-Jarr, young Imran Jamil Al-Jarr, and the child Muhammad Abdul Kafi Mustafa who was a student at Al- Yarmouk school.

Ibrahim Abu laith from Syrian Civil Defense said that five civilians, including one child, were killed and three others were wounded as a result of air strikes by warplanes, targeting a house in the village of Kafar natin west of Aleppo. SCD-Aleppo named the injured as Jamil Al Jarr, Barakat Jamil Al-Jarr and Zaki Jamil Al-Jarr and mentioned that 3 other injured were unidentified patients. Syrian Civil Defense added that some of those that were wounded were in critical condition.

A few local sources including Halab today TV reported that the residential gathering attacked was close to a Turkish point. The Syrian Civil Defense added that two air strikes were carried out against the village of Kafr Natin.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child3–4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Civilian homes were reportedly targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Civilian homes were destroyed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Civilian homes were reportedly targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child3–4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]