Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4275

Incident date

Location

تل واسط, Tal Waset, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reported killed and another injured as a result of Russian forces or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Tal Waset in Hama on July 19th, 2020, according to local sources.

@alshmali_alhr0 tweeted that “One person was killed and a woman was injured due to artillery shelling by Russian occupation militia, which targeted the village of Tal Waset in Sahel Al-Ghab west of Hama.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that “a displaced civilian from the eastern suburbs of Hama governorate was killed when Syrian regime forces used a missile launcher to shell Tal Waset village in Sahl al Ghab in the western suburbs of Hama governorate on July 19th.”

Macro Media Center shared a video showing Civil Defence volunteers rescue an injured woman and pull out the body of a man who got killed in the shelling.

While most sources blamed the Syrian regime for this incident, @alshmali_alhr0 said that ‘Russian occupation militias’ were responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers responding to shelling in Tal Waset which resulted in the killing of one civilian and the injury of another on July 19th, 2020. (via SCD)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4274

Incident date

July 15, 2020

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child was killed and at least 10 civilians, including children and a woman, were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Al Bab, Idlib governorate, on July 15th, 2019, according to local sources.

Local activists told Smart News Agency that “Russian warplanes targeted residential neighbourhoods in the city of Al Bab with three airstrikes, killing one child and wounding eight other civilians.”

The Facebook page Al Bab Coordination initially reported 11 injured civilians, among which two women, five children and four men. The page later shared a list provided by Al Bab Hospital with the names of the injured: one man, one woman and eight children.

Step News Ageny reported one killed child and six wounded. The Syrian Civil Defence reported nine wounded civilians, including a child in critical condition. SCD teams searched the rubble for victims.

According to Al Bab Coordination, the Iman mosque and the Al Jahjah roundabout in the city centre were targeted. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported the use of high explosive rockets.

The city, which is under control of pro-Turkish opposition forces, was reportedly targeted in the evening. Muhammed Orabi, a correspondent for Step News Agency, reported that “the Russian airstrikes targeted the city with two raids, which targeted random civilian targets. The first raid targeted a civilian building inhabited by people displaced from the city of Saraqib, east of Idlib in the Beit Najjar neighbourhood near the Book Circle, and resulted in huge damage.”

The SOHR added that “it is worth noting that this is the second time Al Bab city was hit by Russian airstrikes since early February this year.”

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "#Al Bab | The preliminary statistic indicates that there were no martyrs and the initial number of wounded indicates 11 people were injured, and rescue work is still underway to remove more from the rubble and the injuries that have reached the hospital until the moment are: two women, five children, and four men" (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • Victims in Al Bab hospital after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city on July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • A child receiving medical care in Al Bab hospital after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • Injured children in the hospital after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • An injured child receiving medical help in the hospital after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A list of the injured after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on A Bab on July 14th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man carrying an injured child into the hospital after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • Translatoin: "#Al-Bab: Remnants of the missile that targeted the area, next to the Mosque of Al Iman, just before" (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • Photo of remnants of an alleged Russian missile that targeted the area surrounding Al Iman mosque in Al Bab, July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteer inspecting remnants of an alleged Russian missile that targeted the area surrounding Al Iman mosque in Al Bab, July 15th, 2020 (via Al Bab Coordination).
  • Translation: "9 civilians were wounded, in a preliminary toll, including a child in critical condition, after air strikes by unidentified aircraft, targeting a few residential quarters in the city of Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo, civil defense teams continue to search and rescue operations and remove those stranded from the rubble" (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers inspecting the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers inspecting the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: "Aleppo, Al Bab Russian warplanes targeted the eastern city of Al-Bab, north of Aleppo, with two strikes, one of which targeted the "Al-Iman Mosque" in the city center, and the strikes left many wounded. And the dead, and the siren sounded in the # Turkish bases" (via Eye on Al Hassaka).
  • Site of the strike after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Eye on Al Hassaka).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded man receiving medical help after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Eye on Al Hassaka).
  • Translation: "The effects of the destruction caused by a flight believed to be related to the Russian occupation in the city of Al-Bab, east of Aleppo, after air strikes yesterday evening, which resulted in several civilian casualties, including children, and material damage to residential buildings" (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Damaged civilian homes after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Destruction after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Civilians standing in rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on residential areas in the city of Al Bab on July 15th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Children injured in alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Bab City in Aleppo on July 16th, 2020 (via SNHR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4272

Incident date

July 14, 2020

Location

الدقماق, Al Dakmak, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured after alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Al Dakmak, Idlib governorate, on July 14th, 2020, according to local sources.

Ebaa News wrote that Russian forces targeted the village with “heavy artillery shells”. The Syrian Civil Defence reported that two civilians had been injured in artillery strikes, but blamed the Syrian regime.

Ebaa News added that “it is noteworthy that the campaign of aerial and artillery shelling is still ongoing on the villages and towns of Jabal Al Zawiyah, south of Idlib, since this morning [July 14th], which threatens renewed displacement waves towards the Syrian-Turkish border.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "The injury of two civilians, with artillery shelling by the regime forces, last night, July 14, targeting the village of Al-Duqmaq, west of Hama, and this came hours after the killing of a civilian and his child and wounding 3 other children and a woman, by missile shelling of the regime in the city of Jericho, south of Idlib" (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers treating wounded civilians in an ambulance after alleged Russian or Syrian regime shelling on the town of Al Dakmak, Idlib governorate, on July 14th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4273

Incident date

July 14, 2020

Location

بلدات متعددة, Several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A number of civilians were reported injured when Russian warplanes targeted several towns in Idlib on July 14th, 2020, according to Shaam News which reported: “Russian aircraft launched air strikes targeting the villages of Sarjila, Benin, Kafaraweed, and Sufouhn, accompanied by very heavy artillery and missile shelling on the city of Ariha , villages, and towns such as Safsra, Ain LaRuz, Al-Muzarira, Al-Fateera, Al-Barah and Al-Yansiya, which caused two martyrs, including a child, in Ariha and a number of wounded in the rest of the areas.”

The two reported victims were included in a separate Airwars’ assessment.

No further information is available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4271

Incident date

July 14, 2020

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A woman and a man were reported seriously injured when they were hit by artillery shelling or a drone attack while they were on their motorbike in Kansafra in Idlib on July 14th, 2020 according to local sources.

Step News correspondent said “that a drone targeted a man and a woman who were on a motorbike near the town of Kansafra in Jabal Al-Zawiya south of Idlib, seriously wounding them.” However, the source didn’t attribute the responsibility of the drone attack to any party.

From their side, @shahbapress accused the regime of the responsibility for wounding the two civilians, but Syrian Civil Defense in Idlib said that Russia undertook attacks in different areas of Idlib on that day. “Civil Defense teams documented the targeting of five areas with 13 air strikes by Russian warplanes and 17 surface-to-surface missiles.The shelling targeted the city of Ariha , the towns of Al-Bara, Kansafra, Kafaraweed, Sufouhn and Benin, Jabal Al-Zawiya.”

No further information is available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4270

Incident date

July 14, 2020

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child and his father were reported killed, and five others including a woman were injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes or artillery strikes with rockets on Ariha in Idlib on July 14th, 2020, according to local sources.

Macro Media Center reported that “A father and his child were killed, and five others, a woman and four children who were displaced from the town of Kafrhaya got injured after a missile attack this afternoon, targeting the center of the city of Ariha and its entrances to the west of Idlib.”

The same source, which said the regime forces in Attarnaba town targeted Ariha with more than 40 grad missiles, identified the two victims as Mohammed Deeb Halabiya aged 40, and his child Akram Halabiya aged 12.

Shaam News said that the attack came after an explosive device had exploded during the passage of the joint Russian and Turkish military patrols on the international M4 highway in Idlib countryside, which resulted in injuries among Turkish and Russian soldiers, after which airstrikes and artillery strikes by Russian and the regime struck Ariha and other areas in Idlib.

Step News correspondent said that the shelling led to “a massive displacement movement from the southern countryside of Idlib, especially since many of the people returned to their homes after the Turkish-Russian ceasefire in mid-March.”

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • According to SCD, Ariha was a target of 14 rocket launchers by the Syrian regime on July 14th, 2020.
  • SCD volunteers in Ariha after it was struck with alleged Russian or Syrian regime rockets on July 14th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • SCD volunteers in Ariha after it was struck with alleged Russian or Syrian regime rockets on July 14th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Civil Defense volunteers in Ariha after alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attacks on July 14th, 2020. (via SCD Aleppo)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured as a result of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attacks on Ariha on July 14th, 2020. (via SCD Aleppo)
  • Civil Defense volunteers in Ariha after alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attacks on July 14th, 2020. (via SCD Aleppo)
  • Fires in the aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Ariha on July 14th. 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Ariha on July 14th. 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Ariha on July 14th. 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Ariha on July 14th. 2020 (via MMC)
  • A man taking a look at the weapons used in the attack on Ariha on July 14th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • A man taking a look at the weapons used in the attack on Ariha on July 14th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Damage to a civilian building in the aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Ariha on July 14th. 2020 (via MMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4269

Incident date

July 7, 2020

Location

كفر عويد, Kara Awaid, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians were reported injured in  Kara Awaid in Idlib on July 7th, 2020 in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime artillery shelling.

At first, @BelalBayoush90 tweeted that “Assad’s forces, with heavy artillery and rocket launchers targeted today the town of Kafar Awaid, which resulted in the injury of two people.”

Later, @abdulrhman570 raised the casualties toll to four. “Four civilians were wounded inside the town of Kafr Awaid due to artillery shelling by the Russian occupation militia in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib.”

No further information is available at the moment.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4267

Incident date

July 3, 2020

Location

قرية القاهرة, Al Qahera Village, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Al Qahera village in Hama on June 3rd, 2020.

@alshmali_alhr0 tweeted “A civilian martyred due to shelling by the Russian occupation militias targeting the village of Al Qahera in Sahl Al-Ghab earlier.”

However, Step Agency blamed the Syrian regime for the incident: “A civilian was killed by artillery shelling by the regime forces stationed in Jourin camp, on the village of  Al Qahera in the western Hama countryside.”

Halab Today reported that the civilian was killed as a result of regime shelling while he was collecting Caper plant fruit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]