Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS2275

Incident date

June 7, 2017

Location

جب الجراح غنيمان, Ghneiman village, Jeb al Jrah district, 55 km east of Homs, Homs, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four civilians including a woman and a child died and six other non-combatants were wounded in an airstrike on Ghneiman in Homs, according to local media. Only one source, the Smart News Agency, pointed to Russia as the “likely” culprit; the other reports didn’t apportion blame of this event.

According to the Smart News Agency, “four civilians were killed and six others injured in an air strike on the town of Ghnaiman, 55 km east of the central city of Homs, a local activist told Smart on Wednesday [June 7th].

“The activist added that warplanes, likely to be Russian, bombed the houses of civilians in the village, killing four people, including a woman and a child, and wounding six others with varying injuries. The wounded were taken to eastern Deir al-Zour hospitals.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2324

Incident date

July 5, 2017

Location

عقيبرات, Akeirbat, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Russian airstrikes killed one child and wounded several others as the ISIS-held city of Akeirbat, Hama, was hit from the skies, local media reported.

Smart News Agency was the only source reporting about the civilian harm caused by the airstrikes. The media reported; “a child was killed and others were injured in an air strike that is likely to be Russian on a town controlled by the Islamic State, east of Hama city, central Syria”.

Meanwhile, the remaining sources cited the Russian Ministry of Defence, who allegedly announced that type T-95 bombs were launched on July 5th, targeting ISIS-controlled warehouses.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Video of the moment three alleged Russian airstrikes are being launched in Akeirbat, Hama, July 5th, 2017 (via RT Arabic)
  • Video of the moment three alleged Russian airstrikes are being launched in Akeirbat, Hama, July 5th, 2017 (via Sputnik Arabic)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2186

Incident date

April 27, 2017

Location

خان شيخون, Khan Sheikhoun, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between three and five civilians – one woman and her children – were killed, and a further two were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes in Khan Sheikhoun on the 27th of April 2017, according to sources on the ground.

Multiple sources said the victims were displaced people from Helfaya in Hama Governorate.

Some sources said that two children died – in addition to their mother – while others put the figure at three.

LCCSY gave the highest death toll of five civilians.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3–5
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: ' 3 people killed (a woman and her two children) and 2 were injured in air strikes targeting Khan Shikun, Idlib, and Civil Defense.'
  • '2 children and their mother, IDPs from Helfaya city in Hama governorate northwestern suburbs, killed in suspected Russian warplanes fired 2 missiles on al Gharbi neighborhood in Khan Sheikoun city in Idlib governorate southern suburbs on April 27, 2017.' (via SN4HR)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3–5
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1991

Incident date

March 20, 2017

Location

التوامة , Al Tawame, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Russian airstrikes wounded civilians Al Tawame, in the countryside of western Aleppo, local sources reported.

According to the Step News Agency, “Russian aircraft launched several air strikes with vacuum missiles  targeting the vicinity of the town”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3556

Incident date

January 16, 2019

Location

كفرزيتا, Kafar Zeita, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, artillery shelling targeted a civilian house in Kafr Zeita, north of Hama. The resident, a woman, allegedly died of her injuries on January 29th after being hit by a missile on January 16th. 

There were varying reports on the culprit; some sources blamed the Syrian regime while others blamed Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Radia al-Omar Hoshan Adult female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3560

Incident date

February 10, 2019

Location

اللطامنة, Al Lataminah, Hama, Iraq

Airwars assessment

A 38 year old man was reported wounded by artillery shelling in Al Lataminah, in the north of Hama. Some sources blamed the Russian forces while others blamed regime forces.

No further details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmoud Sattouf al-Dahrouj 38 years old male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Mahmoud Sattouf al-Dahrouj (38), injured (via @OKKO5Lc4iNiZH6S).

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3559

Incident date

February 9, 2019

Location

حريتان, Hraytan, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

An eight year old child was killed and his two brothers injured when cluster munition exploded in the city of Hraytan north of Aleppo. Local sources reported that the cluster munition was a remnant of earlier Russian shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ibrahim Jaqlan 8 years old male killed
  • Brother of Ibrahim Jaqlan Child male injured
  • Brother of Ibrahim Jaqlan Child male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Child wounded by a cluster bomb explosion alleged to have been leftover from a previous Russian airstrike (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Child wounded by a cluster bomb explosion alleged to have been leftover from a previous Russian airstrike (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Child killed by a cluster bomb explosion allegedly leftover from a previous Russian airstrike (via SCD Aleppo).

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3557

Incident date

February 1, 2019

Location

كفرزيتا, Kafar Zeita, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that Osama Hafez Al Rajo died on the morning of February 10 from wounds sustained  by artillery shelling on Kafr Zeta in Hama on February 1st. There are varying reports on the culprit; some sources claimed it was Russian forces while other sources claimed it was Syrian regime forces.

No further details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Osama Hafez Al Rajo Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Osama Hafez Al Rajo, injured in an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafar Zeita (via @OKKO5Lc4iNiZH6S).
  • Osama Hafez Al Rajo, allegedly died from wounds sustained by artillery shelling from Russian- or regime forces on Kafr Zeta (via Kafr Zeta TV).
  • Osama Hafez al Rajo allegedly died from wounds sustained from shelling by Russian- or regime forces on Kafr Zeta(via SN4HR).

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown

Sources (17) [ collapse]