Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3872

Incident date

September 10–11, 2019

Location

الضهرة, Al-Dhuhr, Darkush, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An alleged Russian airstrike killed an elderly displaced civilian man in the village of Duhr in Darkush area around midnight between September 10th and September 11th, breaching the ceasefire.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Ahmad Eisa al Musa, displaced from Tal Hatabat village in the southern suburbs of Aleppo governorate, age 76, was killed on September 11as fixed wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles near a building sheltering IDPs from al Dahr village which is administratively a part of Darkoush city in the western suburbs of Idlib governorate. We report that the bombing is the first by Russian forces since the truce declared by the forces in the fourth de-escalation zone on August 31.”

According to the correspondent of Needa News, the displaced civilian died before dawn.

AlQuds: “We were asleep at midnight when we heard the sound of a rocket that fell 50 meters away from us,” narrated his son Abu Anas, 31. “Everyone came out but my father was late being sick and couldn’t walk easily.”

Several sources reported that an unknown number of civilians were wounded.

The incident occured around midnight.

  • Ahmad Issa Al-Mousa 76 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising up after an alleged Russian airstrike killed a civilian in Darh north of Idlib at midnight between September 10th and 11th (via Step News).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defense forces carrying the body of Ahmad Eisa al Musa, killed by an alleged Russian airstrike at around midnight between September 10th and 11th (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • A car damaged by an alleged Russian airstrike on Dahr village in the night between September 10th and 11th (via Radioalkul).
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers at the scene after an alleged Russian airstrike struck near Darkush around midnight between September 10th and 11th (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer at the scene after an alleged Russian airstrike struck Dahr between September 10th and 11th (via Jisr Media Center).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3270

Incident date

March 14, 2018

Location

كفر سجنة, Kafar Sijna, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian, a 17-year-old male, named Mohammed Saif Al-Din Qassoum Al-Issa died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Kafar Sijna, according to local media.

Sources said that several other civilians were wounded.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "The moment of the implementation of an air strike on the town of Kafar Sijna countryside Idlib"
  • Translation: "Pictures show the extent of the destruction, which was caused by an air strike, carried out by the regime's warplanes, on the town of Kafar Sijana in the southern countryside of Idlib."

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3869b

Incident date

August 31, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafr Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians died and others were wounded in an alleged Russian or regime shelling of Kafar Nabil, according to local media.

Macro Media Center (MMC) blamed Russian and Syrian regime forces for the shelling, while the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) attributed blame to the Syrian regime forces alone.

SN4HR identified one civilian, while Shaam News put the total death toll at two civilians. MMC added that others were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Wajdi Ahmad al Hamido was alleged killed by a Russian or Syrian airstrike on Kafar Nabil on August 31st (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3869a

Incident date

August 31, 2019

Location

جبالا, Jbala, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were alleged killed by Syrian or Russian airstrikes on Jbala village in Idlib.

According to Macro Media Center and the Syrian Network for Human Rights, Syrian regime forces shelled Jbala using heavy artillery. Shaam News attributed blame to the Russian forces as well.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3871

Incident date

Location

كفرنبل, Kafr Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source claimed that a civilian was killed and another wounded due to artillery and rocket shelling by the Syrian regime and Russian forces on residential neighborhoods in Kafr Nabil, struck from camp in Al-Nimr hill near Khan Sheikhoun.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims of an alleged Russian or Syrian airstrike on a residential neighborhood in Kafr Nabil on August 31st (via Baladi News).

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3870

Incident date

August 31, 2019

Location

أورم الكبرى, Urma al-Kubrah, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Russian airstrikes allegedly struck the Al-Iman Hospital for children and women in the town of Urma Al-Kubra in western Aleppo in the middle of the night. Step News Agency reported six raids using “vacuum missiles”, otherwise described as “high explosive missiles” by SMART News Agency.

According to SMART, a child was killed and three other civilians were injured while Step News Agency reported on a total of six injured civilians.

The Syrian Civil Defense similarly reported on six injured civilians and reported that most of them were children, while in a separate post adding that the victims include ” pregnant women and newborns”.

The incident occured around midnight.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Name unknown
  • Name unknown Age unknown

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Car near the Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Newborn baby injured at the Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Newborn baby injured at the Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Newborn baby injured at the Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Step News).
  • Car near the Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • Car near Al-Iman hospital after it was bombed by alleged Russian airstrikes on August 31st (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights).
  • "Russian warplanes target Al-Iman Children's Hospital in Aleppo countryside with air strikes"
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian strike on al Eman Children’s and Women’s Hospital (via SN4HR)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian strike on al Eman Children’s and Women’s Hospital (via MMC)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian strike on al Eman Children’s and Women’s Hospital (via MMC)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian strike on al Eman Children’s and Women’s Hospital (via MMC)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian strike on al Eman Children’s and Women’s Hospital (via MMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3869

Incident date

August 29, 2019

Location

معرشمشة, Ma’arshamsha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that three or four civilians died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Ma’arshamsha.

According to the Shaam News Network, “a civilian vehicle for IDPs in the village of Maarshamsheh” was struck, killing three people – two women and a child.

Step put the death toll at four, including a woman and her child.

Idlib Plus reported: “Four martyrs, including a child and two women, and injury of six others, including a child and a woman, as a result of the regime warplanes shelling  Ma’arshamsha village east of Ma’arat al-Nu`man.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3868

Incident date

August 29, 2019

Location

التح, Al Tah, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians – a woman and her two sons (one of whom was a child) died in an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Tah, local media reported.

According to the Shaam News Network, “Russian warplanes targeted al-Tah town in the southern countryside of Idlib, leaving three martyrs, a mother and two of her sons, as they attempted to enter the town at night to remove part of their belongings that they left behind”.

Edlib Media Centre also said three civilians died but it said that they were two men and one woman.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, Russian forces killed two brothers and their mother in al Tah village in Idlib. The child Adel Abdul Rahman Fahd al Barrouk and his brother Hamoud were killed along with their mother Amna al Sultan as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on al Tah village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on August 29.”

Smart reported  “three dead and two wounded from one family”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • "The child Adel Abdul Rahman Fahd al Barrouk and his brother Hamoud were killed along with their mother Amna al Sultan as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on al Tah village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on August 29." (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]