Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3876

Incident date

September 15, 2019

Location

بانص, Banes, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were injured after the explosion of a cluster bomb that was allegedly dropped by Russian warplanes on the village of Banes, Aleppo governorate, according to Twitter user @so_ria98.

The tweet did not mention the date of the explosion or raid, but was posted on September 15th.

No other sources reported on the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3875

Incident date

September 13, 2019

Location

عيناتا, Aynata (Al Rouj plains), Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian died due to his injuries after an alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Aynata on the Al Rouj plains, Idlib, on September 13th 2019, according to The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Civil Defence volunteers on the ground stated that it was Russian aircraft that carried out the night raids. All sources reported Russia as the belligerent of the airstrikes.

According to the Step Agency, other people were injured in the strikes, but it remains unclear how many.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3874

Incident date

September 12, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two people, among which a child, were killed and five or six other civilians were injured in airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib.

The Justice Organization and @SyrianCoalition blamed both the Syrian regime and Russian forces.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights “documented the martyrdom of a child and the injury of 6 others as a result of rocket shelling carried out by regime forces stationed in Khan Sheikhoun targeting Maaret al-Nu’man city in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mohammed Jalal bin Yasser Amhan was killed by airstrikes on Ma’aret Al Nu’man on September 12th 2019 (via Justice Organization on Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Islam Sadir was killed by airstrikes on Ma’aret Al Nu’man on September 12th 2019 (via Justice Organization on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3873

Incident date

September 12, 2019

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One woman was killed in alleged Russian or regime airstrikes on Sarja on September 12th 2019, according to Shaam News Network.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3872

Incident date

September 10–11, 2019

Location

الضهرة, Al-Dhuhr, Darkush, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An alleged Russian airstrike killed an elderly displaced civilian man in the village of Duhr in Darkush area around midnight between September 10th and September 11th, breaching the ceasefire.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Ahmad Eisa al Musa, displaced from Tal Hatabat village in the southern suburbs of Aleppo governorate, age 76, was killed on September 11as fixed wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles near a building sheltering IDPs from al Dahr village which is administratively a part of Darkoush city in the western suburbs of Idlib governorate. We report that the bombing is the first by Russian forces since the truce declared by the forces in the fourth de-escalation zone on August 31.”

According to the correspondent of Needa News, the displaced civilian died before dawn.

AlQuds: “We were asleep at midnight when we heard the sound of a rocket that fell 50 meters away from us,” narrated his son Abu Anas, 31. “Everyone came out but my father was late being sick and couldn’t walk easily.”

Several sources reported that an unknown number of civilians were wounded.

The incident occured around midnight.

  • Ahmad Issa Al-Mousa 76 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising up after an alleged Russian airstrike killed a civilian in Darh north of Idlib at midnight between September 10th and 11th (via Step News).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defense forces carrying the body of Ahmad Eisa al Musa, killed by an alleged Russian airstrike at around midnight between September 10th and 11th (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • A car damaged by an alleged Russian airstrike on Dahr village in the night between September 10th and 11th (via Radioalkul).
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers at the scene after an alleged Russian airstrike struck near Darkush around midnight between September 10th and 11th (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer at the scene after an alleged Russian airstrike struck Dahr between September 10th and 11th (via Jisr Media Center).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3270

Incident date

March 14, 2018

Location

كفر سجنة, Kafar Sijna, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian, a 17-year-old male, named Mohammed Saif Al-Din Qassoum Al-Issa died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Kafar Sijna, according to local media.

Sources said that several other civilians were wounded.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "The moment of the implementation of an air strike on the town of Kafar Sijna countryside Idlib"
  • Translation: "Pictures show the extent of the destruction, which was caused by an air strike, carried out by the regime's warplanes, on the town of Kafar Sijana in the southern countryside of Idlib."

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3869b

Incident date

August 31, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafr Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians died and others were wounded in an alleged Russian or regime shelling of Kafar Nabil, according to local media.

Macro Media Center (MMC) blamed Russian and Syrian regime forces for the shelling, while the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) attributed blame to the Syrian regime forces alone.

SN4HR identified one civilian, while Shaam News put the total death toll at two civilians. MMC added that others were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Wajdi Ahmad al Hamido was alleged killed by a Russian or Syrian airstrike on Kafar Nabil on August 31st (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3869a

Incident date

August 31, 2019

Location

جبالا, Jbala, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were alleged killed by Syrian or Russian airstrikes on Jbala village in Idlib.

According to Macro Media Center and the Syrian Network for Human Rights, Syrian regime forces shelled Jbala using heavy artillery. Shaam News attributed blame to the Russian forces as well.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]