Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R2880

Incident date

February 23, 2018

Location

عين ترما, Ain Tarma, Damascus , Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to six civilians, including up to four children and one woman, were killed and dozens were left wounded as Ain Tarma, eastern Ghouta, Damascus, was struck by Assad and/or Russian-waged warplanes, local media reported.

As the intense shelling of several parts of eastern Ghouta continued, Ain Tarma was also struck, resulting in great civilian harm and destruction.

The death toll spanned from two to six, the lowest reported by HalabTodayTV and Step News Agency, and the highest reported by the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) and SYR_REV_NEWS.

According to SYR_REV_NEWS and SN4HR’s initial reporting, two of the fatalities were children. However, SN4HR later amended its figures, reporting how four of the six victims were children and from the same family. The children were killed along with their mother, and were all identified by name.

Additionally, HalabTodayTV reported that “dozens” of civilians were left wounded, while Step News Agency merely reported about “others” as wounded.

Sources were not clear in terms of culpability, as blame was appointed to either the Syrian regime, Russia, or both across the reports. For example, SY-24 pointed to Assad-waged helicopters, while HalabTodayTV, Step News Agency blamed Russian warplanes.

Several reports, including SN4HR, blamed both belligerents.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–6
  • (2–4 children1 woman)
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising from buildings hit by the contested shelling, Ain Tarma, Damascus February 23rd, 2018 (via HalabTodayTV)
  • The children Sedra, Samer, Ahmad and Jana Salam were killed along with their mother as Syrian and/or Russian warplanes struck Ein Tarma in Eastern Ghouta, Damascus, February 23, 2018 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–6
  • (2–4 children1 woman)
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3701

Incident date

July 17, 2019

Location

Several towns in Idlib, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam News reported airstrikes and artillery shelling on a number of locations in Idlib on July 17th.

According to this source, “Russian military aircraft carried out heavy air raids on the cities and towns of Khan Sheikhun, Jisr al-Shughur, Habayt, Tirmala, Kafrain, Kefersgana, Rakaya, Wadi Arenabah, Baarba and Hazarin areas, causing a number of civilian casualties. The towns of Baddama and al-Najia in the western countryside were shelled by the Assad forces.”

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3702

Incident date

July 17–18, 2019

Location

جسر الشغور, Jsir Al Shoughour, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to five civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Jsir Al Shoughour, Idlib, after midnight on July 18th. A further five to seven, including children, were allegedly injured in the attack.

Smart News cited “five dead and five wounded by night raids of Russian warplanes on the city of Jisr al-Shoughour in Idlib”, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claimed that the airstrikes “killed one person and injured at least seven others, including children.”

IdlibPlus tweeted that “five civilians were injured, including two children, in Jisr al-Shoughour, as a result of eight Russian airstrikes on the city after midnight”.

Syria Civil Defense reported that “a civilian was killed and five others were injured by airstrikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women’s center for civil defense […] damaging some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center.”

Jisr Media Center named Ayman Qadour as a fatality after he succumbed from his wounds.

According to Etilaf News, “three warplanes belonging to the Assad regime and Russia targeted the city with eight air raids, with one hitting the women’s point of civil defense in the city. The Civil Defense […] helped the wounded and extinguished the fires. In addition, they helped evacuate the civilians from the bombardments until dawn. The body of a martyr and a number of wounded were recovered.”

Fifteen sources attributed the attack to Russian Forces, two sources named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reporting the incident, and one source did not positively attribute blame. A further source attributed the attack to the Syrian regime.

 

 

The incident occured after midnight.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Video Caption Translation: "The Russian occupation planes are aggressively targeting the city at this late hour of the night." (via @abuhuzaifa_)
  • Image Caption Translation: "A civilian was killed and five others were injured by air strikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, in the village of Idlib early today, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women's center for civil defense." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "A civilian was killed and five others were injured by air strikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, in the village of Idlib early today, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women's center for civil defense." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "A civilian was killed and five others were injured by air strikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, in the village of Idlib early today, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women's center for civil defense." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3694

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

اللطامنة, Al Latamina, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

One man was reported killed in airstrikes on Al Latamina, Hama, on July 16th.

Kafr Zeta TV documented “the martyrdom of “Badr Haitham Al-Mahmoud” nick name (Al Kateb), 25, as a result of Russian air strikes of the city of Latamina in the northern suburbs of Hama.”

Two other sources reported the attack, but did not cite civilian harm.

One source named both Russia and the Syrian regime in reporting the incident, while another cited Russia as the belligerent responsible for the attack. Meanwhile, another source stated that the Syrian regime was responsible for the airstrike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Badr Haitham Al-Mahmoud 25 years old male nick name (Al Kateb) killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3693

Incident date

Location

أطراف جرجناز, Jarjanaz outskirt, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Airstrikes were reported on the outskirts of Jarjanaz on July 16th by two sources.

No civilian harm was cited in these sources.

One source named the Syrian regime as the belligerent responsible for the attack, while another named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reporting this incident among others.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    No civilian harm reported
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    No civilian harm reported
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3692

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

عين الباردة, Ain Al Barde, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reported injured in airstrikes on Ain Al Barde, Idlib, on July 16th.

Jisr Media Centre stated that “five civilians were injured in four air raids by more than 12 missiles targeting the city of Jisr al-Shoughour and its environs in the village of Ain al-Barde and’ Ashbark’.”

Two other sources reported the airstrike, but did not cite civilian harm.

One source named the Syrian regime as the belligerent responsible for the attack, while another named both the Syrian regime and Russian forces in reporting the incident. One other source did not positively attribute blame for the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3691

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

معر شورين, Ma`ar Shourien, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Eight to twelve civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Ma`ar Shourien, Idlib, on July 16th. According to Step News, “the aircraft ‘Sukhoi 22’ targeted the town south of Idlib rocket-propelled grenades, killing 12 civilians, including children, and wounding other civilians”. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that three children under the age of 18 were killed in the attack.

Macro Media Center alleged “12 martyrs and more than 15 injured” in the attack, elsewhere stating that dozens had been injured and martyred. Ariha Today cited eight killed in the incident.

Syria u.a.d. stated that there were “more than 30 martyrs and wounded by the airstrike by the military aircraft of the regime on the market of Ma’arshourien, in the south of Idlib.”

Shaam News documented “nine civilians killed as a result of initial injuries, and others injured on Tuesday by aerial bombardment on the village of Ma’ar shourein in the eastern countryside of Idlib”, “amid the silence of the world”.

The same source reported that “activists said that Al-Assad military aircraft targeted civilian houses in the village of Ma’ar shourein, east of Ma’arat al-Nu’man, in several raids, which left a massacre of civilians. The civil defense teams recovered nine martyrs and wounded several others.”

Among the victims was a child who was identified by Syrian Network for Human Rights. The source reported that “at least 11 civilians were killed as Syrian regime fixed- wing warplanes fired missiles on several areas (the public square, al Janoubiya square and al Janoubi neighborhood)”.

Four sources attributed the attack to the Syrian regime, and one source named Russia as the belligerent responsible for the airstrike. Meanwhile, four sources did not positively attribute blame, and another named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reporting the incident.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Amjad Abdul Rahman al Ahmad Child male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8–12
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "12 martyrs and more than 15 injured by two warships from the warplanes targeting the village of Ma'ar shourien east of Ma'arat al-Nu'man , Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • The aftermath of the airstrike (via Edlib Media Centre)
  • Image Caption Translation: "More than (30) martyrs and wounded by the air strike of the military aircraft of the regime on the market of Ma’arshourien in the south of Idlib Syria" (via Syria u.a.d)
  • Alleged Syrian or Russian regime forces struck Ma`ar Shourien on July 16th (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers searching through the rubble after an alleged Syrian or Russian regime forces struck Ma`ar Shourien on July 16th (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers putting out a fire after an alleged Syrian or Russian regime forces struck Ma`ar Shourien on July 16th (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • Video of the first moments after an alleged Syrian or Russian airstrike on Ma`ar Shourien on July 16th (via Step News).
  • The child Amjad Abdul Rahman al Ahmad was killed in an alleged Syrian or Russian airstrike on Ma’ar Shoreen village on July 16th (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • Syrian Civil Defense forces carrying victims of an alleged Syrian or Russian airstrike on Ma’ar Shoreen village on July 16th (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • Syrian Civil Defense teams attempting to get through the rubble of the popular market in the middle of the town of Ma’arshourin after it was struck by alleged Syrian or Russian airstrikes on July 16th (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Video of the aftermath of an alleged Syrian or Russian airstrike on the popular market in Ma`ar Shourien on July 16th (via Syrian Civil Defense).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8–12
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3689

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

خان شيخون, khan Sheikhoun, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An unknown number of civilians was wounded in an airstrike with cluster munition on the outskirts of Khan Sheikhoun, according to local sources.

Shaam News reported that Russian warplanes stepped up raids on a number of towns and villages in Idlib in Hama, targeting several civilian areas. Local source Khan Sheikhoun Lens however, blamed the Syrian regime forces for the attack and claimed that the airstrike struck “the eastern farm” of Khan Sheikhoun and caused “civilian casualties”.

According to Syrian Network for Human Rights, Mohammad Nader al Sahh, from Latmin village in Hama governorate northern suburbs, age 24, died of wounds sustained in the airstrike.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammad Nader al Sahh 24 years old male

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Mohammad Nader al Sahh, from Latmin village, age 24, died due to wounds sustained in an airstrike on Khan Sheihkoun (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (6) [ collapse]