Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4057

Incident date

January 17, 2020

Location

كفرناها, Kafrnaha, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, two children were reported killed, and four other civilians injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes one of which hit an IDP shelter in Kafrnaha in the western suburbs of Aleppo governorate in Syria, on January 17th, 2020.

Step News Agency said that “Russian warplanes targeted with vacuum missiles the town of Kafrnaha in the western countryside of Aleppo, killing two children and wounding four civilians, who were in a shelter for the displaced people in the outskirts of the town.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) said that “Fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian, fired missiles on an IDP shelter which was originally a beauty factory building located in the outskirts of Kafrnaha village in the western suburbs of Aleppo governorate, on January 17th, 2020.”

From their side, IdlibPlus said that towns and villages of western Aleppo were targeted with about 16 airstrikes on that day.

Step News Agency, Syrian Network for Human Rights, Edlib Media Center and Macro Media Center blamed Russia for this incident, while Shaam Network said both Russia and the Syrian regime were responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteer in the aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Kafanaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via SN4HR)
  • Damage to IDP shelters caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on IDP shelters in Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on IDP shelters in Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Damage to IDP shelters caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on IDP shelters in Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • "Video showing Russian airstrikes targeting Kafrnaha in western Aleppo with vacuum missiles."

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4056

Incident date

January 16, 2020

Location

قرية الزربة, Zorba village, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that at least two civilians were injured when Russian forces targeted with airstrikes or artillery Al Zorba village in southern Aleppo on January 16th, 2020.

Step Agency said the attacks caused a displacement movement, and that the airstrikes were coincided with rockets and artillery attacks.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Zurba town in Aleppo on January 16th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Syrian Civil Defense searching for survivors after an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Zurba town in Aleppo on January 16th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Destruction caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Zurba town in Aleppo on January 16th, 2020 (via MMC).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4054

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

البارة, Al Bara, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer was wounded and an unknown number of people were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Al Bara, Idlib governorate, in the evening of January 15th, 2020, according to local sources.

Justice Organisation wrote on Facebook that “a Syrian Civil Defense volunteer, Ismail Al Hamada, was wounded, while he was responding to an inspection of the regime’s warplane shelling locations in the town of Al Bara in the southern countryside of Idlib, on Wednesday evening”.

Shaam News Network reported “many wounded” as the result of airstrikes by “Russian and Asad warplanes and helicopters”.

The incident occured in the evening.

  • Ismail al-Hamada Adult male wounded when working on scene of previous shelling injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4053

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

حاس, Hass, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A young man was killed and an unknown number of civilians wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the village of Hass, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the 22-year-old Muhammad Hasan al Da’if was killed in “a strike carried out by Syrian regime fixed-wing warplanes using heavy machine guns on Hass village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on January 15”.

Shaam News Network reported that in addition to one civilian death, many were wounded by Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on the village.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4052

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma'arat Al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child was killed and an unknown number of civilians were reported wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’arat Al Numan, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020, according to local sources.

Justice Organisation reported that the young girl Rawan Sarjawi was killed in “the bombing of the Assad regime and Russian warplanes”. The child died of her wounds in a Turkish hospital. Shaam News reported that Russian and Syrian regime raids wounded many civilians in the city, but did not specify numbers.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The young girl Rawan Sarjawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on January 15th, 2020 (via Justice organization).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4051

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Seven civilians, including children, were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on a popular market place in the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020, according to local sources. Civilian homes and shops were severely damaged.

@SyrianCoalition tweeted that |Russia and the Assad regime did not abide by the declared truce, and they continue to terrorize civilians. Aerial bombing of #Ariha in Idlib outskirts”. SMART News Agency reported that “Seven civilians, including children, were injured as a result of raids by the regime’s warplanes on a popular market in the city of Ariha, near Idlib, in the north of the country, on Wednesday, January 15, 2020, which also caused damage to civilian homes and shops”. The Syrian Civil Defence in Idlib also reported seven wounded, and that civilians were being pulled out of the rubble.

According to Ariha Today, the warplanes fired vacuum missiles, writing in another Facebook post that multiple missiles were fired upon the main market of the city at once. According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, the Syrian regime fired missiles near Banat Ariha School, located near the Al Jadid Market in the middle of the city, partially destroying the school’s fence.

@SyrianCoalition blamed both the Syrian regime as well as Russian forces for the incident, whereas Myasar Al Hadidi (@so_ria98) reported that Russian warplanes had been responsible for the airstrikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • A man removing rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damage after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Men removing rubble after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • Men removing rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 15th, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • A woman volunteering for the Syrian Civil Defence in Idlib removing rubble from the site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Two female volunteers of the Syrian Civil Defence in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers and what seem to be civilians removing rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping a woman and children get into an ambulance after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha, on January 15th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • Photos reportedly made by an surveillance camera monitoring the moment alleged Russian or Syrian regime warplanes targeted the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • Photo showing the damage to buildings in Ariha after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on January 15th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • People walking on a street that was just targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC).
  • A man and Syrian Civil Defence volunteer removing rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (copyright SMART News Agency, published in the public interest).
  • A child photographed in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (copyright SMART News Agency, published in the public interest).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer photographed in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (copyright SMART News Agency, published in the public interest).
  • Civilians on the site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (copyright SMART News Agency, published in the public interest).
  • Civilians and Syrian Civil Defence volunteers removing rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ariha on January 15th, 2020 (copyright SMART News Agency, published in the public interest).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4050

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

السوق الشعبي, Local market, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that between seven and 19 civilians including a child and a volunteer with the Syrian Civil Defense (White Helmets) were killed, and between 50 and 80 were injured, with most of them in critical conditions, when allegedly Russian forces or Syrian regime forces allegedly targeted with airstrikes the busy local market (Souq al-Hal) and the industrial area in Idlib, Syria on January 15th, 2020. The airstrikes also caused damage to civilians’ properties.

This happened four days after Russia and the Syrian regime declared a ceasefire in Idlib.

According to Shaam News, “Russian and Asad warplanes and helicopters launched intense and violent airstrikes. This appears to be the announcement of the end of the fragile truce that lasted only four days, as the aircraft committed a massacre in the city of Idlib, killing 19 martyrs and injuring dozens, among them women and children”.

Abdul Qadir Muhammad Rajab, Obaida Qutai’, Ahmed Muhammad Aswad,  Adnan Sheikhouni, Maher Sheikhouni, Muhammad Shadi al-Asaad, Ali Muhammad Ali Al-Atrash, Omar Na`es, Alaa Al-Muhammad, Omar Zidan, Zakaria La’la’, Ahmed Al-Zein and Farouk Afara were killed in the incident.

The Syrian Civil Defense in Idlib said “Today, January 15th, 2020, we say goodbye to our hero Volunteer “Shadi al-Asaad”, as a martyr after Idlib attacks by Assad’s warplanes. After years of sacrifice, we will not forget your work, your words and all the beautiful memories with you. Rest in peace.”

Edlib Media Center posted saying “There are dozens of martyrs and wounded due to raids by the war regime on Idlib city.” The source later updated the numbers raising the death toll to “19 martyrs and dozens of wounded” – killed by “missiles from warplanes”.

Also according to SMART Agency “The head of the Documentation and Information Department of a hospital in Idlib city, Abdul Razzaq Ghafir, said that 19 civilians, including a child and a civil defense member were killed and 70 others, including children and women, were wounded in an initial outcome, as a result of shelling by regime warplanes on the industrial area in the eastern side of Idlib.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Syrian regime fixed- wing warplanes fired missiles on the industrial area in east of Idlib city, causing a massacre and severely destroying a number of the industrial shops, on January 15th.”

@Mamoun_sy, @ShahbaPress and @so_ria98 blamed Russia for the incident, while Macro Media Center, Syrian Civil Defense Idlib, SMART agency and the Syrian Network for Human Rights pointed to the Syrian regime. Shaam News and @mohmad_rasheed blamed both.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 19
  • (1 child12 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50–80
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (53) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation "Martyrdom of seven civilians at least. while many others got injured as a result of Russian airstrikes that targeted a market in Idlib city".
  • Location of the market that was targeted with an airstrike in Idlib, on January 15th, 2020 (via @mohmad_rasheed).
  • The destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on the main market in Idlib city on November 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the Market in Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Civil Defense and Civilians trying to rescue civilians who were victims of the alleged Russian airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the Market in Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • The destruction and damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on the main market in Idlib city on November 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • The destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on the main market in Idlib city on November 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • A van massively damaged by alleged Russian airstrikes on the market in Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Damage caused to cars and vans in the market of Idlib city after alleged Russian airstrikes on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • A van hugely damaged by alleged Russian airstrikes on the market in Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • "Aerial photos showing the damage caused by the airstrikes that targeted the industrial zone in the city of Idlib, which resulted in the death toll of 15 martyrs and more than 60 wounded, most of them in critical condition." (via MMC)
  • "Aerial photos showing the damage caused by the airstrikes that targeted the industrial zone in the city of Idlib, which resulted in the death toll of 15 martyrs and more than 60 wounded, most of them in critical condition." (via MMC)
  • "Aerial photos showing the damage caused by the airstrikes that targeted the industrial zone in the city of Idlib, which resulted in the death toll of 15 martyrs and more than 60 wounded, most of them in critical condition." (via MMC)
  • "Aerial photos showing the damage caused by the airstrikes that targeted the industrial zone in the city of Idlib, which resulted in the death toll of 15 martyrs and more than 60 wounded, most of them in critical condition." (via MMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: "Harsh scenes +18 a horrific massacre committed by Assad's warplanes in the market of the city of Idlib, killing 15 martyrs and dozens of wounded." via MMC
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer Shadi Al Asa'ad allegedly killed by Assad warplanes on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Via SCD Idlib
  • SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteer carrying a civilian injured or killed in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers trying to put off fire caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers trying to put off fire caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers trying to put off fire caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • Aftermath of alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on the market in Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers on duty responding to civilian casualties in alleged Russia or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city's market on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • SCD volunteers trying to put off fire caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Many innocent people including a White Helmet's volunteer were killed in a horrific massacre after the regime's warplanes attacked #Idlib city this afternoon . With broken hearts, our teams worked to rescue, pull bodies and extinguish huge fires." (via SCD).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Civilians reported killed and injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SCD volunteers rescuing civilians injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SCD volunteers rescuing civilians injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib city center on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A human arm separated from a body after the alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib, on January 15th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020. (Copyright Smart, published in the public interest.)
  • SCD volunteers responding to the results of the alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020. (Copyright Smart, published in the public interest.)
  • SCD volunteers responding to the results of the alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020. (Copyright Smart, published in the public interest.)
  • SCD volunteers responding to the results of the alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020. (Copyright Smart, published in the public interest.)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians injured and killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020. (Copyright Smart, published in the public interest.)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians injured and killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Idlib on January 15th, 2020. (Copyright Smart, published in the public interest.)
  • "SNHR: Syrian regime fixed- wing warplanes fired missiles on the industrial area in east of Idlib city, causing a massacre and severely destroying a number of the industrial shops, on January 15"
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the market in Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of people killed in the alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrikes in the market of Idlib city on January 15th, 2020 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 19
  • (1 child12 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50–80
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4055

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

بلدات متعددة, Several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to Shaam Network, Russian and Syrian regime forces targeted with airstrikes many towns in Idlib, injuring civilians.

The news read ” The raids also led to the fall of many wounded people in the cities of Ma`rat al-Nu`man, Ariha, and Kafr Nabl, and the towns and villages of Talatah, al-Barah, Ma`saran, al-Hartamiyah, al-Ghadfa, Shanan, Abu Jarif, Talmans, the churches, Tal al-Sheikh, Ma`rmsha, al-Hamidiyya, Benin, Hantutin, Karsiyan, Benin, Mantef, Khan al-Sabil, Dadekh, Maarizita, Kafroma Appointed, as the civil service center for the defense came out in the village Bzabor.”

The source considered these airstrike the announcement of the end of the ‘fragile’ ceasefire that lasted for four days.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]