Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISSY031

Incident date

February 19, 2023

Location

قلعة دمشق, Damascus castle, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

A guard at a historical site in Damascus was injured by allegedIsraeli airstrikes or Syrian regime anti-aircraft missiles on February 19, 2023.

The Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), Syrian regime-run news source, reported that Israeli airstrikes hit Damascus ancient castle, causing the injury of one of its guards on duty. SANA added that in addition to severe material damage to the buildings and administrative offices in the castle, the airstrikes caused destruction in the Technical Institute for Applied Arts and the Technical Institute for Archeology.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the casualties, with Damascus Voice quoting civil sources who blamed the damage on the air defenses while SANA attributed the damage to Israel.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Damage to the Damascus castle and citadel on February 19, 2023. (Image posted by Damascus Voice via Facebook)
  • Damage to the Damascus castle and citadel on February 19, 2023. (Image posted by Damascus Voice via Facebook)
  • Damage to the Damascus castle and citadel on February 19, 2023. (Image posted by Damascus Voice via Facebook)
  • Damage to the Damascus castle and citadel on February 19, 2023. (Image posted by Damascus Voice via Facebook)
  • Buildings belonging to the ancient #Damascus Citadel were damaged due to the Israeli bombing

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY032

Incident date

April 4, 2023

Location

الكسوة, Al Kisswa, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.358774, 36.252222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On April 4th, 2023 at 12:15am, an airstrike either launched by Israeli forces or an air defense missile launched by the Syrian regime hit a glass factory in Al-Kisswa, south of Damascus, in Rif Dimashq, resulting in the death of up to two civilians.

Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), a Syrian regime-controlled news source, reported that two civilians were killed and martial damage was caused by the airstrikes. According to Orient news, Amr Niam was one of the people killed and he was described by loyalist pages as someone who reportedly fought 12 years ago with the Assad militia and was killed by “friendly fire” after his demobilization.

Athar Press quoted the head of the municipality of Al-Kisswa, Muhammad Al-Hayek, who said that “the young man (Omar Naim) works as a watchman in the glass warehouse that was targeted at dawn today.” @Kenan80490227 on Twitter corroborated that he was a facility guard, writing about the attack “in which the facility guard spent his last night before he was killed”.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights posted on Twitter that one of the dead was a member of “Hezbollah”.

The glass plant sustained infrastructure damage as well. Al-Hayek clarified that the 500 square meter factory was almost. completely damaged. He said, “The glass goods in it have become like sand, in addition to the roof of the warehouse falling to the ground along with the walls,” indicating that this warehouse is private and does not belong to any government agency.

A military source speaking to Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) claimed that the Syrian regime air defence system intercepted the missiles and shot them down. Radio Al Kul quoted Voice of Capital, which attributed the civilian casualties to a Syrian regime air defense missile and not an Israeli missile.

The incident occured at 00:15:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Amr Naim
Age unknown male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Al Kisswa (الكسوة), for which the generic coordinates are: 33.358774, 36.252222. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Hezbollah
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli or Syrian regime missile strikes near Damascus on April 4, 2023. (Image posted by @Kenan80490227)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli or Syrian regime missile strikes near Damascus on April 4, 2023. (Image posted by @Kenan80490227)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli or Syrian regime missile strikes near Damascus on April 4, 2023. (Image posted by @Kenan80490227)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli or Syrian regime missile strikes near Damascus on April 4, 2023. (Image posted by @Kenan80490227)
  • An Israeli missile targeted a glass factory in the Al-Kiswah area in the countryside of Damascus, owned by craftsmen in Damascene glass. The scenes show the recovery of a number of civilian martyrs who were in their workplaces in the factory.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Hezbollah
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Incident Code

ISSY033

Incident date

April 29, 2023

Location

حمص, Homs, Syria

Geolocation

34.640616, 36.707550 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On April 29th 2023 the Israeli military reportedly launched missiles which Syrian air defence systems reportedly shot down around 12:55 am in the city of Homs, Syria. There were discrepancies in the accounts of the incident, with some sources reported that three civilians were injured while other reported that four Syrian soldiers were injured.

Local sources varied on their descriptions of the strikes and their resulting damage. Most accounts corroborate the timeline of the missile being launched at midnight and shot down, igniting a petrol station, fuel tankers and trucks.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) also claimed that a munitions depot, under Hezbollah control was hit. SOHR – quoted in Aaswat News, Bladipresse, and Achrafieh News – verified that the missiles hit after midnight but claimed that it struck an ammunition depot belonging to the Lebanese “Hezbollah,” in the area of the Dabaa military airport in the countryside of Homs, which led to its complete destruction, as well as weapons trucks. There were a few accounts by the Observatory, including one claim by sources that the “the gas station belongs to a person affiliated with the Lebanese “Hezbollah”. The Observatory later reported that the incident injured “four Syrian soldiers, and destroying a truck carrying weapons belonging to (Hezbollah).” SOHR also reported that “violent explosions were heard as a result of the explosion of the ammunition stored in the warehouse, and fires were seen burning at the site, without information about human losses so far.”

A tweet from @aabnour quoted Intel Times Hebrew that identified the location as “a military convoy belonging to the Lebanese Hezbollah, which was parked at the “Shahr Al-Alewi” gas station near the town of Shinshar on the Damascus-Aleppo road.”

Military sources, who were quoted by Aaswat News, Syrian Arab News Agency (Syrian regime-controlled news), BBC, Almehwar News and other media, claimed that three civilians were injured. Social media posts captured the fire outbreaks.

According to an Israeli website quoted on Halab Today TV,  the missile was prompted by an “Antonov 74” medium sized Iranian cargo plane’s activity in the area.  The IDF did not comment officially on this strike. Homs is near three air defense bases, one of which is in Shinshar, and two are near the suburb of Al-Andalus.

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 12:55 am local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention an vehicles being struck in the vicinity of Shaher Alolaiwi Station (محطة شاهر العليوي). According to research conducted by @aabnour, the potential location of this strike is: 34.640616, 36.707550. Cross referencing evidence from audio-visual material from sources, we are however unable to confirm it as an exact location due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Gas facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Hezbollah
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–4

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Israeli strikes on Homs on April 29, 2023. (Posted by Achrafieh News)
  • Location of the strike, posted by @HalabTodayTV.
  • Alleged Israeli strikes on Homs on April 29, 2023. (Image posted by Lebanese-forces)
  • Location of the strike, provided by Intel Times Hebrew and posted by @aabnour
  • Alleged Israeli strikes on Homs on April 29, 2023. (Image posted by @AlarabyTV)
  • Israel bombed weapons depots in Homs, Syria, tonight. The bombing was the heaviest in years
  • From #Homs, last night - side effects indicate what was in storage

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Gas facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Hezbollah
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–4

Incident Code

ISSY034

Incident date

May 1, 2023

Location

حلب, al-Nayrab, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

On May 1st 2023, at around 11:35 pm, Israel allegedly conducted airstrikes southeast of Aleppo near al-Nayrab, reportedly injuring up to seven people, and killing between one to seven others. Two civilians were among those injured.

There were discrepancies amongst the casualty reports on how many of the affected were civilians as opposed to people actively involved in fighting. Syrian Arab News Agency, the Syrian-regime controlled news source, and military sources quoted in other media claim that two civilians and five military personnel were wounded in the incident and one soldier were killed. Multiple local sources posted a picture of an elderly civilian being treated for injuries. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claimed that four regime forces and three fighters loyal to Iran were killed. Zaman al wasl also corroborated that Iranian militia were injured.

Baladi news identified three Syrian army forces killed, providing their names as Lieutenant Colonel Hassan Yunis Suleiman, Lieutenant Alaa Hussein Dayoub, and twenty five year old First Lieutenant Muhammad Fayez Melhem. Hassan Yunis Suleiman was a commander of an air defense system for the regime forces and hailed from the village of Sheikh Badr in Tartous governorate. Alaa Hussein came from the village of Bustan Al-Souj in the Tartous countryside, and Fayez Melhem came from the village of Sriji in the Sheikh Badr countryside.

According to Arabia News, the Israeli raids on Aleppo airport coincide with the imminent arrival of Iranian President Ibrahim Raisi to Syria.

The strikes also shut down the Aleppo International Airport and according to Idleb on Twitter, hit a foodstuff warehouse and a factory for sifting bulger as well as damaging residential houses in al-Nayrab on Al-Baqar Market Street. Arabia News reported that air to surface missiles were used.

The incident occured at 23:35:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    5

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Fire caused by alleged Israeli strikes on Aleppo on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @Step_Agency)
  • Images of a bulgar factory allegedly struck by Israeli airstrikes on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @ShehabiFares)
  • Images of a bulgar factory allegedly struck by Israeli airstrikes on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @ShehabiFares)
  • Images of a bulgar factory allegedly struck by Israeli airstrikes on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @ShehabiFares)
  • Lt. Alaa Hussein Dayoub of the Air Defense Forces of the Syrian regime's army killed by alleged Israeli strikes in Aleppo on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @mazen00711)
  • Graphic image of a civilian injured by alleged Israeli airstrikes in Aleppo on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @19had93eel)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hassan Yunis Suleiman, "commander" of one of the air defense systems killed by alleged Israeli strikes in Aleppo on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by @Omar_Madaniah)
  • One of the officers of the Syrian regime forces allegedly killed by Israeli strikes in Aleppo on May 1, 2023. (Image posted by Baladi News)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    5

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4566

Incident date

October 5, 2023

Location

جسر الشغو, Jisr Al Shughour, west of Idlib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Around 5:56 in the evening of Thursday, October 5, 2023, a child and a woman were reportedly injured by missile strikes in the city of Jisr Al Shugour, in the western countryside of Idlib, Syria. The belligerent’s identity is contested, with some sources pointing towards Syrian regime forces, and one source, Ibrahim Radwan, identifying Russian and Iranian militias as responsible for the strike. The sources emphasized that this was a renewed attack on the city on that day.

Following the attack, the Syrian Civil Defence said in a post on Twitter/X that they had treated the two injured civilians. In a video shared with the post, the two civilians are seen bleeding and being taken into an ambulance.The name or age of the two civilians is unknown.

According to the tweet by Radio AlKul marked as urgent, the incident happened shortly before 5:56 PM local time.

The incident occured at approximately 5:56 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military, Iranian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military, Iranian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0010

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Location

محطة بنزين بهلول, Bahlul Petrol Station, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.537015, 34.462005 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the 7th of October, 2023 six members of the Shaaban family were reportedly killed after their family home in the Al-Nasr neighbourhood of Gaza city was bombed by Israeli airstrikes. Those killed in the attack were identified as Nazir Shaaban (36 years old), his wife Enas Shaaban (35 years old) and their four children: Omar Nazir Shaaban, Ghada Nazir Shaaban, Batoul Nazir Shaaban (7 years old) and Ahmed Nazir Shaaban (1 year old).

Facebook posts were also made by relatives of the Shaaban family, confirming the casualties. These included Abu Almeer Shabaan, the cousin of Nazir Shaaban and Eng-Fathi Shaban, uncle of Omar Nazir Shaaban. In connection to Nazir Shaaban’s work as a “medical and laboratory analysis specialist”, a statement of condolence was released on behalf of the leadership of the General Directorate of Military Medical Services. A similar statement was also released online by the Al-Shati Joint Primary School which two of Nazir Shaaban’s children had attended: “We also condole ourselves with the [death] of the good student Ghada Nazir Shaaban from the fifth grade and the good student Batoul Nazir Shaaban from the second grade”.

Al-Jazeera reported on the “touching scene of a young Palestinian who lost all his family members after Israeli fighters bombed the Abu Shaaban family home in Gaza City.” On the 9th of October Saleh Bey News also reported that (wider) family members had said on Facebook that the [Israeli] aircraft struck the house of Nazir Shawqi Shaaban without warning which led to the death of the entire family.

Additionally, the Al Mezan Center for Human Rights published a report on the 8th of October, calling for the United Nations Security Council “to intervene immediately to stop Israeli attacks on the Palestinian people”. The report made reference to the attack on the Shaaban family: “the Israeli attacks also targeted the home of the Shaaban family, resulting in the [death] of all family members: the father, mother, and their four children”.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Nazir Shaaban نذير شعبان
36 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801100769
Enas Shaaban ايناس شعبان
35 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 801927047
Omar Nazir Shaaban عمر نذير شعبان
male killed
Ghada Nazir Shaaban غادة نذير شعبان
Child female killed
Batoul Nazir Shaaban بتول نذير شعبان
7 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437307911
Ahmed Nazir Shaaban احمد نذير شعبان
1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444884985

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Bahlul petrol station (محطة بنزين بهلول), within the city of Gaza (غَزَّة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.537015, 34.462005. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (4 children1 woman1 man1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (40) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Medical services Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saeed Sakir Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saeed Sakir Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saeed Sakir Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr Akram Al-Tahir facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Almeer Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hiba Shabaan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah Al Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah Al Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ajjour facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam Shaban facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saleh Bey Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (4 children1 woman1 man1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0008

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Location

عبسان الكبيرة, Abasan al-Kabira, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.327947, 34.345404 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 7th 2023, 18 members of the same family, including at least five children and four women, were reportedly killed in an Israeli military airstrike, leaving at least one survivor, 11 year-old Tala Abu Daqqa, with injuries. Other sources reported that between 25 to 150 civilians were injured.

The attack took place at 11pm in the town of Abasan Al-Kabira, east of Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip. It was reported that Israeli aircrafts directly targeted the house of the Abu Daqqa family with several missiles, leading to its collapse.

Multiple sources corroborated that at least five children were killed.

Fajir News reported that two days prior to the missile strike on the Abu Daqqa family, Ali Abu Daqqa had been speaking to a journalist about an appeal for him to undergo heart surgery. He spoke alongside his son Khaled who was hopeful for his father’s recovery, Khaled Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa was subsequently killed in the strike, aged 22. Khaled’s brother Qais Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa, was also killed, aged 12, along with his older brother Asif Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa who was 26 years old and their younger sister Maryam Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa, who was 8. The report added that their mother and two of their brothers survived and were pulled from the rubble, however no other sources reported that there were multiple survivors.

Saeed Abu Daqqa posted on Facebook that this was the family of Yasser Abu Daqqa, 28 years old, who is currently being detained in an Israeli prison, with nine years remaining until his release. It was not immediately clear what Yasser Abu Daqqa was detained for. The victims included the mother of the prisoner, his siblings and their wives and their children.

Multiple sources reported the names of the other victims, though did not provide further details on ages or family connections. The named victims were as follows: Hassan Muhammad Abu Daqqa, Hussein Muhammad Abu Daqqa, Lian Hussein Abu Daqqa, Judy Hussein Abu Daqqa, Sham Hussein Abu Daqqa, Muhammad Hussein Abu Daqqa, Aseed Hussein Abu Daqqa, Muhammad Ismail Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa,  Uday Ismail Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa, Dana Ismail Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa, Nadia Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa, Halima Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa, and Shaima Abdel Hadi Qadeeh.

CNN reported that at least 13 members of the same family, including four toddlers, were killed by an Israeli airstrike, which also killed another four people and injured 25 others. Al Ghad TV reported about 150 people had been injured in the Abasan area.

Tala Abu Daqqa, 11, a survivor, was pictured crying in an image shared on social media. It is reported that her father, mother and three sisters were killed in the attack.

PCHR reported that the building consisted of three floors of concrete and the bombing resulted in the complete destruction of the house, further damaging surrounding houses. PCHR added that the victims were within the building, with no prior warning of the attack. Multiple sources support this claim with images of the building turned to rubble.

Mohammad Abu Daqqa, a relative of the Abu Daqqa family, told CNN that five residential buildings, each three or four stories tall, were destroyed in the strike. “They hit us with two or three barrels of explosives and brought the entire buildings down,” Abu Daqqa said. “We call on the Arab and European countries to interfere … and UN to solve this situation, because we are in a dire situation.”

Airwars was unable to find exact matches of these names to the Palestinian Ministry of Health name list released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 23:00:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (19)

Asif Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa عاصف علي ابو حمد أبو دقة
26 years old male killed
Khaled Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa خالد علي ابو حمد ابو دقة
22 years old male killed
Qais Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa قسس علي ابو حمد ابو دقة
12 years old male killed
Maryam Ali Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa مريم علي ابو حمد ابو دقة
8 years old female killed
Zainab Abu Daqqa زينب ابو دقة
Age unknown female Mother of the prisoner Yasser Abu Daqqa killed
Hassan Muhammad Abu Daqqa حسان محمد ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Hussein Muhammad Abu Daqqa حسين محمد ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Lian Hussein Abu Daqqa ليان حسين ابو دقة
Age unknown female killed
Judy Hussein Abu Daqqa جودي حسين ابو دقة
Age unknown female killed
Sham Hussein Abu Daqqa شام حسين ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Hussein Abu Daqqa محمد حسين ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Aseed Hussein Abu Daqqa اسيد حسين ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Ismail Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa محمد اسماعيل ابو حمد ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Uday Ismail Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa عدي اسماعيل ابو حمد ابو دقة
Age unknown male killed
Dana Ismail Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa ذانا اسماهيل ابو حمد ابو دقة
Age unknown female killed
Nadia Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa نادين ابو حميد ابو دقة
Age unknown female killed
Halima Abu Hamad Abu Daqqa حليمة ابو حمد ابو دقة
Age unknown female killed
Shaima Abdel Hadi Qadeeh, Um Alaa شيماء عبدالهادي قديح ام علاء
Age unknown female killed
Tala Abu Daqqa تالا ابودقة
Age unknown female injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Abasan al-Kabira (عبسان الكبيرة). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Abasan al-Kabira are: 31.327947, 34.345404.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (5–6 children4–5 women7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25–150
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (30) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Ahmad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alkabira Abdsan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alkabira Abdsan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhayat facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alhayat facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael Abu Dakkah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael Abu Dakkah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael Abu Dakkah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael Abu Dakkah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael Abu Dakkah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam QH facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam QH facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam QH facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bassam QH facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Abu Dakka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Abu Dakka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Abu Dakka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kairawan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kairawan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kairawan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (5–6 children4–5 women7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25–150
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0011

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Location

ابيت حانون, Beit Hanoun, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.538582, 34.537000 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 7, 2023, Israeli forces reportedly bombed the Shabat family home in Beit Hanoun, killing between 12 to 19 civilians and trapping an unknown number of others under rubble. Between 10 and 13 children and a woman have been reported among the dead.

Two sources, Khalid Abdel Rahman alongside Mezan daily report, reported the bombing on October 7 without indicating the time of the attack, while later on, the organisation Defense for Children International Palestine (DCIP) claimed that the strike took place on October 8 at 3 am. Other sources reported that rescue efforts were ongoing that same day. Facebook user Tikrit Time alleged that the strike took place without warning.

Radio Alzaytonah and a number of Facebook users subsequently posted details pertaining to the people reportedly killed, listing them as Abdul Khaleq Muhammad Radwan Shabat (1 year old), Radwan Hassan Shabat (64 years old), Naima Jacir Shabat (65 years old), Muhammad Radwan Shabat (34 years old), Ibrahim Radwan Shabat (30 years old) ‎Asmaa Ali Shabat (35 years old), Diana Youssef Shabat (33 years old), Hassan Muhammad Shabat (12 years old), Layan Abdul Khaleq Shabat (13 years old), Bayan Abdul Qader Shabat (7 years old), Abdul Khaleq Khaled Shabat (5 years old), Gaith Khaled Shabat (3 years old), Muhammad Ibrahim Shabat (3 years old), Radwan Abdel Khaleq Shabat (8 years old), Sally Muhammad Radwan Shabat (3 years old), Sarah Muhammad Radwan Shabat (2 years old), Ali Muhammad Radwan Shabat (3 years old). The DCIP reported that two children in neighbouring houses were also killed: 11-year-old Mohammed Khater Maher al-Kafarneh and 16-year-old Rula Nael Zakaria Naseer. There were some discrepancies in the reported ages by one or two years and Naima Jacir Shabat might also have gone by Kifaya.

Ibrahim Radwan Shabat was identified as the father of three year old Muhammad Ibrahim Shabat. Ibrahim was an employee at Big Market. Abdul Khaleq Khaled Shabat and Gaith Khaled Shabat were identified as siblings.

Reporting on this event, the Arabic-language news channel, Al Ghad TV, claimed, “Our correspondent from Gaza reported that Israeli warplanes bombed a house in Beit Hanoun in the northern Gaza Strip and demolished it on top of its residents.” Regarding those killed and wounded, the outlet stated “Our correspondent confirmed the fall of a number of [dead] as a result of the bombing that targeted a house belonging to the Shabat family, while attempts are currently being made to extract the living from under the rubble of the targeted house.”

In the days that followed this incident, photographs reportedly showing the funerals of those killed and a destroyed building were shared by Facebook users. Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (17)

Abdul Khaleq Muhammad Radwan Shabat عبدالخالق محمد رضوان شبات
1 years old male killed
Radwan Hassan Shabat رضوان حسن شبات
66 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 917189169
Naima Jacir Shabat (Kifaya) نعيمة جاسر شبات
67 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 944396753
Muhammad Radwan Shabat محمد رضوان شبات
34 years old male killed
Ibrahim Radwan Shabat ابراهيم رضوان شبات
30 years old male killed
Asmaa Ali Shabat اسماء علي شبات
35 years old female killed
Diana Youssef Shabat ديانا يوسف شبات
33 years old female killed
Hassan Muhammad Shabat حسان محمد شبات
12 years old male killed
Layan Abdul Khaleq Shabat حسان محمد شبات
13 years old female killed
Bayan Abdul Qader Shabat بيان عبدالقادر شبات
7 years old female killed
Abdul Khaleq Khaled Shabat عبدالخالق خالد شبات
5 years old male killed
Gaith Khaled Shabat غياث خالد شبات
3 years old male killed
Muhammad Ibrahim Shabat محمد ابراهيم شبات
3 years old male killed
Radwan Abdel Khaleq Shabat رضوان عبدالخالق شبات
8 years old male killed
Sally Muhammad Radwan Shabat سالي محمد رضوان شبات
3 years old female killed
Sarah Muhammad Radwan Shabat سارة محمد رضوان شبات
2 years old female killed
Ali Muhammad Radwan Shabat علي محمد رضوان شبات
3 years old male killed

The victims were named as:

Mohammad Khater Maher Al-Kafarneh
11 years old male killed
Rula Nael Zakaria Naseer
16 years old female killed

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Beit Hanoun (ابيت حانون). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.538582, 34.537000.

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  • Imagery:
    Source: Tikrit time facebook

  • Imagery:
    Source: Tikrit time facebook

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 19
  • (10–13 children1 woman2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Radio Alzaytonah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Radio Alzaytonah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Radio Alzaytonah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fida Zanin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer Iyad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tikrit time facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tikrit time facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Hamad Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Hamad Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 19
  • (10–13 children1 woman2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]