Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0500

Incident date

October 23, 2023

Location

مخيم الشاطئ, Al-Shati camp, Gaza City, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 23rd, 2023, Civil Defense crews were allegedly struck by Israeli forces during rescue operations in Al-Shati camp. According to Shehab News Agency, a member of the Civil Defense was injured while attempting to clear rubble from homes destroyed by Israeli aircraft. Further information regarding identification or the state of injuries has not been made available.

An image attached to the report showed a man on a stretcher, though his injuries did not appear severe.

Almayadine and Al Jazeera News corroborated the above claim, stating that Civil Defense crews were bombed while transporting the injured. There were few additional details. This assessment will be updated if and when more specific details emerge.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0458

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

بالقرب من منزل ابو طه بحي المنارة جنوبي شرقي خان يونس, near Abu Taha’s house in the Al-Manara neighborhood, southeast of Khan Yunis, Khan Yunis, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 22nd 2023 at dawn, at least four people were reportedly killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike on their family home in the Al-Manara neighbourhood located southeast of Khan Yunis.

All of the sources reported that four people had been killed in the strike. Reporting on the incident identified Salama Issa Muhammad Abu Taha and his two sons, Issa Salama Issa Abu Taha and Hamada Salama Issa Abu Taha as killed in the strike. A neighbour, Musa Issa Musa Al-Muzain, was also reportedly killed in the strike. @ShehabAgency was the only source to report that three sons of Salama – Youssef, Issa, and Taha – were killed in the strike. Salama, his sons Issa and Hamada, and Musa’s names were all matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th but Taha and Youssef’s names was not found.

Relatives of the Abu Tama family paid tribute to their family members on Facebook with images of the victims. A Facebook post from the Abuta family in the homeland and diaspora referred to Issa as “one of the members of the media committee on the official website”.

The sources further identified that the Abu Taha family home is located next to Sayyid Qutb mosque.

In cases where sources attributed responsibility for the strike, they held the Israeli military responsible.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Salama Issa Muhammad Abu Taha سلامة عيسى ابو طه
57 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 963792973
Issa Salama Issa Abu Taha عيسى سلامة ابو طه
34 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802120667
Hamada Salama Issa Abu Taha حمادة سلامة ابو طه
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804712545

The victims were named as:

Musa Issa Musa Al-Muzain موسى عيسى موسى الموزين
43 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 905388716

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 6
  • (4–6 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Abuta family in the homeland and diaspora

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 6
  • (4–6 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0459

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

مخيم البريج, Bureij camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.437934, 34.403857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Sunday, October 22nd 2023, a number of civilians were reportedly injured and killed, including a 24-year-old civilian named Salama Muhammad al-Owaidat, when an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the Abu Helou house located at Al-Awadhi junction of Block 7 in the Bureij Camp in the Gaza Strip. The precise number of victims remains unknown, and only one victim has been identified.

Facebook user Muhammad Abd mourned the death of his friend on social media. The comment read, “The eyes shed tears and the heart grieves over your departure, O Salama. God is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs. May God accept you in the world. The martyr Salama Muhammad Al-Owaidat.” In a photo, shared alongside the comment, Salama Muhammad Al-Owaidat is depicted in a light blue blazer, shirt and jeans smiling warmly toward the camera.

Several news outlets and journalists, including Shehab Agency and East Now, reported that there were injured and a number killed due to the aircraft bombing at the Al-Awadhi junction in Al-Bureij Camp. However, there is no further detail on the additional victims killed or on the number of wounded.

Shortly after the incident appeals were made by social media users and journalists for ambulances to go to Al-Bureij camp. Facebook user Read Sharab, quoting a Quds News correspondent, posted that “appeals for ambulances to go to Block 7 in Bureij camp” were being made.

Where possible, names have been reconciled with published Palestinian Ministry of Health lists. With thanks to journalist Alexandre Horn from CheckNews for identifying relevant sources, and Data Tech for Palestine for centralising the datasets.

Where the sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Salama Muhammad al-Owaidat سلامة محمد العويدات
24 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804677945

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abd
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Bureij official page

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Block 7 being struck in the vicinity of Al Awadhi junction (مفترق العوضي), allegedly located within Bureij camp (مخيم البريج). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bureij camp are: 31.437934, 34.403857.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0449

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

منزل عائلة أبو معيلق في دير البلح وسط القطاع, Abu Mu’eileq home, Deir al-Balah, Gaza Strip, Deir al-Balah, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

At 12pm on Sunday, October 22nd 2023, between 22 and 31 civilians, including at least 11 children and eight women, were killed and others were injured after an alleged Israeli airstrike on the homes of the Abu Muailiq family in Deir Al-Balah, which is located in the middle of the Gaza Strip.

Amnesty International reported that three homes belonging to the Abu Muailiq brothers and their families were hit by an alleged Israeli airstrike. The incident took place south of Wadi Gaza, where residents of northern Gaza had been ordered to relocate on October 13th, 2023.

Amnesty International has identified the US-made Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), as the bomb used during the strike based on images of fragments of the munition found at the scene of the incident. Amnesty International weapons experts have estimated that the JDAM used weighed “at least 1000 lbs” and was likely manufactured in 2018.

Dr Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq posted to Facebook detailing those killed during the incident. His wife, 44-year-old Islam Majed Kamel Abu Muailiq, also known as Umm Ghanam, was killed along with their four children: Duaa Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq (daughter, 16), Lama Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq (daughter, aged 11), Muhammad Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq (son, aged 13) and Ghanem Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq (son, aged 14)

The sister of Islam Abu Muailiq, Samar Majid Kamel Abu Muailiq, was also killed during the strike along with her five children: Rahaf Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq (daughter, aged 19), Raneem Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq (daughter, aged 17), Raghad Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq (daughter, aged 14), Sami Omar Youssef Abu Mailiq (son, aged 10) and Youssef Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq (son, aged 5).

Shorouk Majod Kamel Abu Muailiq, the sister of both Islam and Samar, was killed with her three children in the airstrike: Souad Hossam Ibrahim Salem (daughter, aged 9), Aya Hossam Ibrahim Salem (daughter, aged 7) and Ibrahim Hossam Ibrahim Salem (son, aged 6). 48-year-old Youlia Nicola Abu Muailiq, who was reported to be a Russian citizen, also died during the incident along with her daughter Dr. Lina Sami Abu Mualiq who was 23 years old.

The airstrike also killed numerous other members of the Abu Muailiq family including 22-year-old Kareem Yousef Salem Abu Muailiq and his 34-year-old brother Amar Yousef Salem Abu Muailiq, a 60-year-old woman called Raisa Abdullah Sulayman Abu Muailiq and Saheed Abdel Karim Mustafa Abu Muailiq, along with an unnamed woman referred to as the wife of Abu Ahed. The neighbour of the Abu Muailiq household – a 39-year-old man named Rajab Ghaz Mezyed – also died as a result of the strike.

Amnesty International reported that 19 people were killed in the incident, however, Airwars has identified 23 names of individuals reported as killed amongst sources. In line with Airwars methodology, the minimum number of civilians killed is 23, as 23 names were identified. The highest civilian casualty count was reported by Duaa Jarghon, in a post on Facebook, who wrote that Umm Ghanem and 30 other members of the Abu Mu’eileq family had been killed.

Amnesty International found no evidence that the homes of Abu Mu’eileq had any military purpose, or that Hamas was engaged in civilian ‘shielding’ at this location. The NGO described the strike as ‘unlawful’. Agnès Callamard, Amnesty International’s Secretary General, publicly announced that the incident was a ‘wake-up’ call for the Biden Administration into the role that US-made munitions are having in facilitating civilian casualties in Gaza.

@Al-BusairsAbuAli posted a video to Facebook showing the aftermath of the airstrike. It shows civilians digging through the rubble of demolished buildings, and carrying the remains of those killed during the incident. It is claimed ‘dozens’ were killed during the strike. @ShebabAgency posted a video to ‘X’ (formerly Twitter) that showed the bodies of four young children that were killed during the strike. Their names had been written onto their bodies while they were alive so that they could be identified if they were killed.

In an interview with Amnesty International, Dr Bakir Youssef Abu Muailiq – an ear, nose and throat specialist – said that he was working at the hospital when the airstrike that killed his wife and four children took place. Dr Bakr said there was no justification for the strike, and reaffirmed that his family was non-political: “we are doctors and scientists”. His statement aligns with Amnesty International’s assessment that there was no military objective to carrying out a strike on the Abu Muailiq households.

Samaher Abu Muailiq, the brother-in-law of Islam, told Amnesty International that he left the building a minute before it was struck. He reportedly sustained injuries to the neck and the back when he was thrown against a door by the force of the blast. Survivors of the incident told Amnesty International that no warning was given.

Since the incident, heartfelt testimonials have been posted online. @Abu Fares Ghareeb, posting on behalf of the “14 Million Conference”, commiserated the death of Islam Abu Muailiq and her children on Facebook, praising Islam’s kindness and good character. Islam was a member of the conference’s follow-up committee and the conference’s coordinator in the Gaza Strip.

Wesam Waleed, a member of the Abu Muailiq family, described a “tiring and exhausting night” where he did not sleep due to his heartbreak.

Amnesty International sent questions regarding the two attacks to the Israeli military’s spokesperson unit on 21 November. At the time of the publication of the Amnesty International report on December 5, 2023, no response had been received.

The names of 12 victims have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of names, ages and IDs of victims published on October 26, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 12:00:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (24)

Islam Majed Kamel Abu Muailiq اسلام ماجد كامل ابو معيلق
44 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 951437193
Duaa Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq دعاء بكر يوسف ابو معيلق
16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424629749
Ghanem Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq غانم بكر يوسف ابو معيلق
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 426486825
Muhammad Bakr Yusuf Abu Muailiq محمد بكر يوسف ابو معيلق
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 430541748
Lama Bakr Youssef Abu Muailiq لما بكر يوسف ابو معيلق
11 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 430421164
Samar Majid Kamel Abu Muailiq سمر ماجد كامل ابو معيلق
43 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 991205915
Rahaf Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq رهف عمر يوسف ابو معيلق
20 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408950129
Raneem Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq رنيم عمر يوسف ابو معيلق
17 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424350197
Raghad Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq, رغد عمر يوسف ابو معيلق
15 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 427482278
Sami Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq سامي عمر يوسف ابو معيلق
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434013314
Youssef Omar Youssef Abu Muailiq يوسف عمر يوسف ابو معيلق
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440524478
Shorouk Majid Kamel Abu Muailiq شروق ماجد كامل ابو معيلق
Adult female killed
Souad Hossam Ibrahim Salem سعاد حسام ابراهيم سالم
9 years old female killed
Aya Hossam Ibrahim Salem اية حسام ابراهيم سالم
7 years old female killed
Ibrahim Hossam Ibrahim Salem ابراهيم حسام ابراهيم سالم
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 437210867
Youlia Vladimir Nicola Abu Muailiq يوليا فلاديمير نيكولا ابو معيلق
48 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 412257214
Lina Sami Abu Muailiq لينا ابو معيلق
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 405968447
Kareem Abu Muailiq كريم ابو معيلق
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 406131284
Amar Abu Muailiq عمار ابو معيلق
34 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802484758
Raisa Abu Muailiq رئيسة ابو معيلق
60 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 925052938
Saheed Abdel Karim Mustafa Abu Muailiq سهيد عبد الكريم مصطفى ابو معيلق
killed
Wife of Abu Ahed زوجة ابو عاهد
Adult male killed
Samaher Abu Muailiq
male injured
Rajab Ghaz Mezyed رجب غازي رجب ابو مزيد
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 411954894

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22 – 31
  • (11–12 children8 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (30) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bilal Abu Safwan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Amin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Amin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Amin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Fares Ghareeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nedal Jamal
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Saqr Abu Maleeq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Taha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nader Adel Abu Shaaban
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kholoud Abu Muallaq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ihsan Amin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @elhashmy5
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Weesam Waleed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Weesam Waleed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Weesam Waleed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Weesam Waleed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Weesam Waleed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Weesam Waleed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22 – 31
  • (11–12 children8 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0450

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

منزل الزيناتي  في حي الأمل غرب خانيونس, Al-Zinati’s house in the Al-Amal neighbourhood, west of Khan Yunis, Khan Yunis, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On the evening of Sunday, October 22nd 2023, at least four civilians were killed and 18 others, including more than 15 children, were reportedly injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike that bombed Al-Zinati’s house in the Al-Amal neighbourhood, in the west of Khan Yunis, in the central Gaza Strip.

This incident resulted in the deaths of several civilians, including 32-year-old Hisham Musa Al-Zinati and his five-year-old son, Malik Hisham Al-Zinati. Hisham’s brother, Ahmad Musa Al-Zinati and his wife, Noor al-Madhoun, were injured in the incident, and their two children, Khaled Ahmed Al-Zinati (4 years old) and Musa Ahmed Al-Zinati (2 years old) were killed. Kareem Musa Al-Zinati and Hisham Musa al-Zinati’s wife were also injured in the incident.

According to the Fatah Media and Culture Commission, 18 civilians were injured because of the bombing of the family home. Palestine Now further reported that more than 15 children were injured in the alleged Israeli bombing.

Shehab Agency reported that two of the victims killed were pulled from the rubble.

In a series of images posted by Palestine Now and the photographer, Amr Tabash, at least ten different children can be seen arriving and being treated at Nasser Hospital, many of them carried in, some crying and others limp.

Amr Tabash also posted a video of Malik Hisham al-Zinati’s body arriving at Nasser Hospital in an ambulance, he can be seen wrapped in a blanket and being held by a paramedic.

Images from the burials of the victims were also shared by Amr Tabash, their family members gathered around their shrouded bodies, weeping. Multiple victims had their faces uncovered as their family members said their final goodbyes.

Following the incident, friends and family shared their farewells for those who were killed in the incident. In a Facebook post dedicated to Hisham Musa Al-Zainat, Ahmed Al-Sini stated, “You are a person with a kind, clean and respectful heart. You and your son Malik and all your family are in Paradise. God Almighty, I love you, I love you, I love you.” Ahmed Al-Sini also posted images of himself and Hisham together and an image of Hisham with his son Malik. Prayers were shared on Facebook by Ahmed Al-Zinti, who named each of those killed and asked: “God to forgive them, have mercy on them, and place them in His spacious gardens”.

Khaled and Musa’s uncle, Ebrahim Zeyad, shared images of the young brothers from when they were alive, calling them “beloved of your uncle’s heart” and asking others to pray for their mother, his sister Noor al-Madhoun.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli Military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Hisham Musa Al-Zinati هشام موسى الزيناتي
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803581800
Malik Hisham Al-Zinati مالك هشام الزيناتي
3 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 443259197
Khaled Ahmed Al-Zinati خالد احمد الزيناتي
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 441266806
Musa Ahmed Al-Zinati موسى احمد الزيناتي
2 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 445668882
Ahmad Musa Al-Zinati أحمد موسى الزيناتي
Adult male injured
Noor al-Madhoun
Adult female injured
Wife of Hisham Al-Zinati زوجة هشام الزيناتي
Adult female injured
Kareem Musa Al-Zinati كريم موسى الزيناتي
killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–19
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (29) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Go
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah din
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ebrahim Zyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ebrahim Zyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–19
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0452

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

طلال السلطان, Tal al Sultan, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.310318, 34.241843 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An alleged Israeli bombardment killed at least 25 civilians, including members of the Tabasi, al-Hams and Abu Younis families, on the 22nd of October 2023, in the Tal Al-Sultan area in the west of Rafah in Gaza. The number of injured civilians remains unknown and some were still stuck under the rubble at the time of the reporting. The airstrike took place shortly before 12:23PM when Shehab Agency reported it.

Journalist Adel Zourub provided the names of many of those killed: 60-year-old Mahmoud Ahmed Musa Tabasi, along with his daughter Joan Mahmoud Ahmed Tabasi and sons, 33-year-old Ahmed Mahmoud Musa Tabasi, 39-year-old Ghassan Mahmoud Musa Tabasi, and 41-year-old Talat Mahmoud Musa Tabasi. Talat’s 12-year-old son, Musa Talaat Mahmoud Tabasi, was also killed.

Others from the Tabasi family were killed, named as Ahmed Musa Musa Tabasi, and 5-year-old Adam Muhammad Ahmed Tabasi. Mohammed Salman Tabasi identified the child Musa Raed Tabasi among those killed; another child, 3-year-old Ahmed Mahmoud Ahmed Tabasi, was named by Adel Zourub.

Nufal al Akhras added names of the dead who were identified at Emirati Hospital: 9-year-old Amina Fouad Mahmoud Tabasi and her one-year-old sister Sour Fouad Mahmoud Tabasi. 

Shaima Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis (41) was killed, along with her children, daughters Sarah Hani Samir Al-Hams (13), Huda Hani Samir al-Hams (11) and Malak Hani Samir al-Hams (18). Shaima’s husband Dr. Hani al-Hams posted a memorial for his wife and children, adding that their son Omar Hani al-Hams was still missing under the rubble at the time. There was no further reporting on whether Omar was killed or injured or survived unscathed, but his name was not found on the Ministry of Health list.

Other members of the Abu Younis family who were killed include Zafer Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis (34), Asmaa Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis (26), and Taher Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis (39). Based on their names, it is likely that they were siblings of Shaima.  A child named Sila Zafer Ahmed Al-Hams, likely a one year old based on the Ministry of Health list (but last name is listed as Abu Younis, which would likely make her the child of Zafer) was also killed.

According to the Kuwait Specialized Hospital, Hamdi Ismail al-Zahar (40) was reportedly killed alongside eight-year-old Saqr Ahmed Ismail al-Zahar while another source mentioned that Hamdi’s son was also killed. A post from Hassan Al-Zahar Abu Said identified Hamdi’s nephew “Ahmed” as among those killed and stated that Saqr was Hamdi’s son (although the names do not indicate this).

Ahmed Abdel Aziz Abu Khatla and 34-year-old Magda Gamal Ibrahim Aram.

At the time of reporting, it appeared there were still others unaccounted for under the rubble.

Fadi al-Arawi posted a condolence message for his “brother and friend” Talaat Tabasi while Journalist Adel Zourub posted a graphic image of a dead child identified as Musa Raed Tabasi. Additional condolence messages were posted by various other family members and friends.

Some of the victims of the attack were brought to the al-Kuwaiti and al-Najjar hospitals as noted in Firas Abu Sharkh’s post. Multiple other outlets noted the bodies were brought to the Emirati Hospital, including those of injured people without specifying a toll. Images of men praying in front of one of the bodies of the victims in a mosque were released as well as doctors praying in front of the Kuwaiti hospital in front of the victims who had arrived at the hospital. Rescue teams reported that others were still stuck under the rubble meaning there may yet be more unidentified casualties. Furthermore, many people were unidentifiable due to the mutilation of their bodies once they arrived at the Emirati hospital.

Where sources specified the belligerent, all sources attributed the airstrike to the Israeli military.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 12:20 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (12)

Mahmoud Ahmed Musa Tabasi محمود احمد موسى طباسي
60 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 963958061
Ahmed Mahmoud Musa Tabasi احمد محمود موسى طباسي
33 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802657015
Joan Mahmoud Ahmed Tabasi جوان محمود موسى طباسي
Adult female killed
Ghassan Mahmoud Musa Tabasi غسان محمود موسى طباسي
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800376956
Talaat Mahmoud Musa Tabasi طلعت محمود موسى طباسي
41 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 931505036
Musa Talaat Mahmoud Tabasi موسى طلعت محمود طباسي
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 430534784
Ahmed Musa Musa Tabasi احمد موسى موسى طباسي
Age unknown male killed
Adam Muhammad Ahmed Tabasi ادم محمد احمد طباسي
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440693257
Musa Raed Tabasi موسى رائد طباسي
Child male killed
Amina Fouad Mahmoud Tabasi امنة فؤاد محمود طباسي
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434758074
Sour Fouad Mahmoud Tabasi سوار فؤاد محمود طباسي
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444412522
Ahmed Mahmoud Ahmed Tabasi أحمد محمود أحمد طباسي
3 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 443130489

Family members (3)

Saqr Ahmed Ismail al-Zahar صقر أحمد اسماعيل الزهار
8 years old male Matched to MoH ID 435184544
Ahmed احمد
Child killed
Hamdi Ismail al-Zahar حمدي اسماعيل علي الزهار
40 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 926731399

Family members (10)

Sila zafer Ahmed Al-Hams سيلة ظافر احمد الهمص
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444470900
Asmaa Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis اسماء احمد خميس ابو يونس
26 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 403114895
Taher Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis طاهر احمد خميس ابو يونس
39 years old male Matched to MoH ID 800322216
Zafer Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis ظافر أحمد خميس ابو يونس
34 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802231134
Shaima Ahmed Khamis Abu Younis شيماء احمد خميس ابو يونس
41 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 946692688
Sarah Hani Samir al-Hams سارة هاني سمير الهمص
13 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 429625551
Malak Hani Samir al-Hams ملك هاني سمير الهمص
18 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 422537266
Huda Hani Samir al-Hams هدى هاني سمير الهمص
11 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 432009009
Omar Hani Samir al-Hams عمر هاني سمير الهمص
Age unknown male
Sila Zafer Ahmed al-Hams سيلا احمد الهمص
Age unknown female killed

The victims were named as:

Ahmed Abdel Aziz Abu Khatla احمد عبد العزيز ابو الختلة
Age unknown male killed
Magda Gamal Ibrahim Aram ماجدة جمال ابراهيم عرام
34 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802352724

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    25
  • (11–13 children5 women7–9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (21) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Firas Abu Sharkh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Firas Abu Sharkh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Firas Abu Sharkh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Firas Abu Sharkh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad of the Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad of the Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad of the Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad of the Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad of the Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad of the Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fadi Al-Arawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kuwait Specialized Hospital
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Official journalist Adel Zourub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Al-Zahar Abu Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Al-Zahar Abu Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Al-Zahar Abu Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Haitham Belbeis
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diwan Al Zaroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diwan Al Zaroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diwan Al Zaroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Tal al Sultan (طلال السلطان) to the west of Rafah (رفح). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tal al Sultan are: 31.310318, 34.241843.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    25
  • (11–13 children5 women7–9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0461

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

بيت لاهيا, Beit Lahia, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.551277, 34.509233 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Shortly before 10:36 PM on Sunday, October 22nd 2023, the Al-Ghandour family’s house in Beit Lahia, near the Abu Ubaida Center, in the north of the Gaza Strip, was allegedly hit by Israeli aircraft bombing, resulting in at least 18 and potentially more than 25 deaths, including at least four women and at least five children. Sources referred to a large number of others also injured in the strike, though exact figures were not found.

Initially, Shehab Agency and the Gaza Interior Ministry reported about four people killed and a number of injuries. Later on, Muhammad Hazem Al-Masry wrote about a large number of injured, and Umm lol about “dozens of martyrs and wounded” as a result of the attack. Rafat Abu Alaa reported about 16 civilians killed, noting that the death toll may increase due to many remaining under the rubble. Activist Mohamed Yousif stated that more than 25 members of Al-Ghandour family were killed with some remaining under the rubble.

Among them, 18 members of the family who were killed were identified by Airwars based on social media testimonies by relatives and friends. A 60-year-old man named Muhammad Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour (also known as Abu Badr) and his wife, 56-year-old Maryam Ahmed Al-Ghandour (Al-Halabi) were killed alongside their eight sons, daughter, daughter-in-law and four grandchildren.

Their sons who were killed were identified as 30-year-old Fahd Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, 22-year-old Omar Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, 20-year-old Youssef Muhammed Badr Al-Ghandour and 18-year-old Muhammad Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour. Three other sons of theirs were also killed: Hamza Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour,  39-year-old Badr Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, and 37-year-old Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour.

Their newly-wed son, Mustafa Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, and his wife, 22-year-old Ahlam Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour (Farhat), were killed.

Muhammed and Maryam’s 9-year-old daughter, Nisma Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, was killed alongside her nieces and nephews. They were identified as Mahmoud’s four children: his daughters, 12-year-old Maryam Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour and Maria Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, who was described as a child, and his sons, 14-year-old Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour and 13-year-old Qusay Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour.

Two other family members, a 40-year-old man named Shehada Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour and a 38-year-old female relative called Tawfiqa Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour were also killed.

Family members and friends of the Al-Ghandour made heartfelt tributes and described their grief. Multiple sources described victims remaining buried under the rubble but didn’t identify the number of victims or their names.

One relative of the family, Ahmed Sardah, in a post on Facebook, expressed his distress and pleaded for anyone who lived near the Al-Ghandour family in Beit Lahia or the area of the Indonesian Hospital to check on them and reassure him.

Where the sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

The names of fifteen victims have been reconciled with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities published on October 26, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:36 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (18)

Muhammad Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour محمد بدر الغندور
60 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 911985737
Maryam Ahmed Abdullah Al-Ghandour (Al-Halabi) مريم احمد الغندور
56 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 909522427
Mustafa Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour مصطفى محمد بدر الغندور
Age unknown male killed
Ahlam Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour حلام محمد سليم الغندور
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408376549
Youssef Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour يوسف محمد بدر الغندور
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408768794
Omar Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour عمر محمد بدر الغندور
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407047075
Hamza Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour حمزة محمد بدر الغندور
Age unknown male killed
Nisma Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour نسمة محمد بدر الغندور
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434022703
Badr Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour بدر محمد بدر الغندور
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800305062
Fahd Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour فهد محمد بدر الغندور
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804581247
Muhammad Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour محمد محمد بدر الغندور
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421397001
Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour محمود محمد بدر الغندور
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800629727
Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour محمد محمود محمد الغندور
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429124571
Qusay Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour قصي محمود محمد الغندور
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429953078
Maryam Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour مريم محمود محمد الغندور
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 800629727
Maria Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour ماريا محمود محمد بدر الغندور
Child female
Tawfiqa Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour, توفيقة محمد سليم الغندور
38 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 801541194
Shehada Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour شحادة بدر فهد الغندور
40 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800308397

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 26
  • (5–7 children4 women8–10 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Monir Serdah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salama Abu Jihad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Hassan Al-Masry
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Talat Gandoor

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Beit Lahia (بيت لاهيا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.551277, 34.509233. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 26
  • (5–7 children4 women8–10 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0453

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

رفح, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.296854, 34.243508 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the morning of Sunday, October 22nd 2023, an alleged Israeli bombardment hit Salah Mohammed Kurdieh’s house located west of the city of Rafah in the Gaza Strip, killing at least 12 identified civilians, including five women and four children, and injuring at least two civilians.

Although there was only scarce information about the circumstances of the incident, the social media tributes by family relatives and friends, including Nahed Shawa, Adel Majid Kurdiya and others, helped to identify names of the victims.

A 59-year-old Salah Mohammed Fahmi Kurdieh was killed alongside his 55-year-old wife Nadia Faruq Muhammad (Kurdieh) Anan, their 20-year-old son Hamza Salah Kurdieh, their two daughters – a 30-year-old Aya Salah Kurdieh and a 25-year-old  Alaa Salah Kurdieh, their daughter-in-law, a 31-year-old wife of Ahmad Huda Samir Mahmoud Kurdieh, and their grandchildren  – a 14-year-old Salah Ahmed Kurdieh, a 12-year-old Nadia Ahmed Kurdieh, and a one-year-old Maria Ahmed Kurdieh.

Also Salah Mohammed Kurdieh’s father-in-law, Nadia’s father, a 87-year-old Farouk Mohammed Buker Anan (Abu Yasser) and his mother-in-law, 73-year-old Nadia’s mother Suad Mohammad Mohammad Anan (Umm Yasser) were among the victims killed in the strike. Mahmoud M. Kurdieh’s Facebook post did not list Abu Yasser Anan and Umm Yasser Anan’s names among the list of civilian casualties, although all other Airwars’ sources named them. He also reported that the strike occurred in the morning.

A 9-year-old girl named Zeina Ahmed Kurdieh, granddaughter of Salah Mohamed Kurdieh and Nadia Anan, was reported missing by the local sources, but, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, she was found dead.

Two sons of Salah and Nadia, Anas Salah Kurdieh and Ahmad Salah Kurdieh, were injured and hospitalized in moderate condition after the strike. Based on the ages of their siblings, both have been counted as men.

All of the names of the victims have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

When sources identified the belligerent, all the sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Salah Mohammed Fahmi Kurdieh صلاح محمد كرديه
59 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 966578486
Nadia Faruq Muhammad (Kurdieh) Anan ناديا عنان
55 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 906471339
Hamza Salah Muhammad Kurdieh حمزة صلاح كرديه
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408151991
Aya Salah Muhammad Kurdieh اية صلاح كرديه
30 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 400207536
Alaa Salah Kurdieh الاء صلاح كرديه
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 404323636
Anas Salah Kurdieh, انس صلاح كرديه
Adult male injured
Ahmad Salah Kurdieh كرديه احمد صلاح
Adult male injured
Huda Samir Mahmoud Kurdieh هدى زوجة احمد
31 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803835008
Salah Ahmed Salah Kurdieh صلاح احمد كرديه
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429273576
Nadia Ahmed Salah Kurdieh ناديا احمد كرديه
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 431656636
Maria Ahmed Salah Kurdieh ماريا احمد كرديه
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444174445
Zeina Ahmed Salah Kurdieh زينة احمد كرديه
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 435091798
Farouk Mohammed Buker Anan (Abu Yasser) ابو ياسر عنان
87 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 906471313
Suad Mohammad Mohammad Anan (Umm Yasser ام ياسر عنان
73 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 906471321

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (4 children5 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Rafah (رفح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.296854, 34.243508. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (4 children5 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]