Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0407

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

الجنينة, Al Geneina, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.296461, 34.243759 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 3:46 PM on Friday, 20 October 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Al Arja family house located on George Khalaf Adnan Abu Za Street near the cemetery in Al Janina neighborhood in the town of Rafah, Gaza strip, reportedly killed five civilians and injured between three and seven civilians.

The Palestinian Information Center in its Twitter/X post wrote about five civilians killed in the strike. A Facebook user Adlitaha1 initially reported about three injuries, but later wrote about seven injured people. Further details about the victims are unknown.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 3:46 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MsdrNews
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Geneina (الجنينة) to the east of  Rafah (رفح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.296461, 34.243759. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0413

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

دير البلح, Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.418995, 34.349442 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 20th 2023, 17 civilians – including five women and four children – of the ‘Abu Shuaib’ family were killed and several others were injured after an alleged Israeli airstrike on their residential home in the Deir Al Balah neighbourhood, Gaza.

The Ministry of the Interior in Gaza identified the ‘Abu Shuaib’ residence as one of two homes that were allegedly struck by the Israeli military in Deir Al Balah neighbourhood, in the Central Governorate. The grandparents of the family, Walid Muhammad Abd al-Rahman Abu Shuiab and his wife, Hanan Saeed Al-Taweel Abu Shuaib were killed, along with their four children: Baraa Walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib (son), Nor Walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib (daughter), Walaa Walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib (daughter) and Aya Walid Muhammmad Abu Shuaib (daughter). The wife of Baraa Ab Shuaib, Islam Abdul Hakim Al-Saafin Abu Shuaib, was also killed along with their four children: Walid Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib (son), Aseel Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib (daughter), Hanan Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib (daughter) and Baraa Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib (daughter).

The alleged airstrike also killed Atef Muhammad Abdel Rahman Abu Shuaib, the brother of Walid Abu Shuaib, and his wife Manal Muhammad Hamad Shuaib, along with their four children: Abdul Rahman Atef Abu Shuaib (son), Muhammad Atef Abu Shuaib (son), Hala Atef Abu Shuaib (daughter) and Khaled Atef Abu Shuaib (son).

Since the incident, family members have posted tributes online. @KhalilShayeb, the nephew of Atef Abu Shuaib, commiserated the death of his uncle and family in a Facebook post. This sentiment was echoed by @Abuanas, the cousin of Baraa Abu Shuaib, who posted a picture of her deceased uncle with his index finger raised to the sky along with commiserations.

These tributes often provide an insight into the personality of those killed. @AbuKhamis, the son-in-law of Walid Abu Shuaib, gave detailed testimonial via Facebook. He described the late Baraa Abu Shuaib as a young and polite man, and Walaa Abu Shuaib, Nour Abu Shuaib, and Aya Abu Shuaib as being “chaste and pure”. @AbuKhamis also paid tribute to his uncle, Atef Abu Shuaib, describing him, his wife and children as a “good and pure group”.

Those outside the Abu Shuaib family also took the time to commiserate the deaths of the Abu Shuaib family. The Facebook account @Sig.palestine, which belongs to a teacher of the late Nor Abu Shaib, described her former student as being very polite.

A video posted by @AlanWkalt documented the funeral for members of the family who were killed and their loved ones mourning their loss.

YPA Agency reported that “several injuries” resulted from the strike with others mentioning “injuries” without providing an exact toll.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names, age and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (17)

Walid Muhammad Abd al-Rahman Abu Shuaib وليد محمد عبد الرحمن أبو شعيب
Adult male grandfather killed
Hanan Saeed Al-Taweel Abu Shuaib حنان سعيد الطويل أبو شعيب
59 years old female grandmother killed Matched to MoH ID 947100996
Baraa Walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib براء وليد محمد أبو شعيب
Adult male Hanan and Walid's child killed
Noor walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib نور وليد محمد أبو شعيب
Adult female Hanan and Walid's child killed
Walaa Walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib ولاء وليد محمد أبو شعيب
Adult female Hanan and Walid's child killed
Aya Walid Muhammad Abu Shuaib أية وليد محمد أبو شعيب
Adult female Hanan and Walid's child killed
Islam Abdul Hakim Al-Saafin Abu Shuaib إسلام عبد الحكيم السعافين أبو شعيب
Adult female Hanan and Walid's daughter-in-law killed
Walid Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib وليد محمد وليد أبو شعيب
7 years old male Islam's child killed Matched to MoH ID 437258338
Aseel Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib أبو شعيب
9 years old female Islam's child killed Matched to MoH ID 435281407
Hanan Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib حنان محمد وليد أبو شعيب
Child female Islam's child killed
Baraa Muhammad Walid Abu Shuaib براءة محمد وليد أبو شعيب
22 years old male Islam's child killed Matched to MoH ID 406033985
Atef Muhammad Abdel Rahman Abu Shuaib عاطف محمد عبد الرحمن أبو شعيب
57 years old male Walid's brother killed Matched to MoH ID 940265572
Manal Muhammad Hamad Shaqliya Abu Shuaib منال محمد حمد شقلية أبو شعيب
51 years old female Atef's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 932077381
Abdul Rahman Atef Abu Shuaib عبد الرحمن عاطف أبو شعيب
27 years old male Atef and Manal's child killed Matched to MoH ID 401924956
Khaled Atef Abu Shuaib خالد عاطف أبو شعيب
23 years old male Atef and Manal's child killed Matched to MoH ID 406999011
Muhammad Atef Abu Shuaib محمد عاطف أبو شعيب
18 years old male Atef and Manal's child killed Matched to MoH ID 421356239
Hala Atef Abu Shuaib هالة عاطف أبو شعيب
Child female Atef and Manal's child killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    17
  • (4 children5 women8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Hanadimesleh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khalil Shayeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said.shoaib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anass.shaheen.35
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Deir al Balah (دير البلح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.418995, 34.349442. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    17
  • (4 children5 women8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0415

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

بلوك سي في مخيم النصيرات,, Block C in Al Nusairat camp, Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On Friday, October 20, 2023, eight civilians were killed and up to 100 injured – including women and children – after an alleged airstrike by the Israeli military on the ‘Nawfal’ family residence on the 20th Street of ‘Block C’ in Al Nuseirat refugee camp near the centre of Gaza Strip.

The Palestinian news agency Safa reported that the Nawfal family home, which was located near the entrance of Nusseirat, on 20th Street, near the Al-Huda Mosque, was struck. Multiple sources reported that more than 100 civilians were inside the house during the incident, with @sabrifarra24 posting an urgent plea for ambulances to go to the house to help the wounded. According to a post by @Hamzaalnamla1 on Twitter/X, dozens of displaced civilians were sheltering in the house when the strike occurred. Images posted by @Alburaij1948 and @Abdulkarim on Facebook show that civilians, including children, suffered severe injuries during the strike. However, the exact details and condition of those injured is unknown. Multiple sources reported that the majority of the victims were children.

During the strike, 36-year-old Hanan Ahmed Salim Baousha and her husband, 39-year-old Saed Nawfal Saleh Nawfal, were reported killed along with their four children. Their two daughters, 17-year-old Malak Saed Nawfal and 14-year-old Abeer Saed Nawfal were killed as well as their two sons, 12-year-old Muhammad Saed Nawfal and 6-year-old Amir Saed Nofal. The airstrike also resulted in the deaths of Hanan’s father, 70-year-old Ahmed Salim Baalousha (also known as Abu Iyad), and her mother, Jamila Salem Atwa Baalousha.

A Facebook page that reports urgent news about Gaza reported that seven victims were recovered from the incident initially, and described some of them, from the Nawfal family, as being in “pieces.”

The Twitter/X account @Gazanow111 reported that the house belonged to Nawfal Nawfal, also known as Abu Raed, who is likely the father of Saed Nawfal Saleh Nawfal.

@Hamzaalnamla1 reported in a post on Twitter/X that the bomb ignited a fire on the site.

Since the incident, heartfelt testimonials have been posted online by the family members of the deceased. Iyad and Mero Baalousha, the children of Ahmed Salim Baalousha and Jamila Salem Baalousha, posted to Facebook mourning the death of their parents, their sister Hanan, her husband Saed, along with their four nephews and nieces.

The names of all of the identified victims, except for Jamila Salem Atwa Baalousha, have been reconciled with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities published on October 26, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Saed Nawfal Saleh Nawfal سائد نوفل صالح نوفل
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800366510
Hanan Ahmed Salim Baousha حنان أحمد سليم بعلوشة
36 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 800764128
Malak Saed Nawfal ملك سائد نوفل
17 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424161420
Abeer Saed Nawfal عبير سائد نوفل
14 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 429186224
Muhammad Saed Nawfal محمد سائد نوفل
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 430434050
Amir Saed Nofal أمير سائد نوفل
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 438963191
Ahmed Salim Baalousha أحمد سليم بعلوشة
70 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 971382742
Jamila Salem Atwa Baalousha جميلة سالم عطوة بعلوشة
Adult female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (4 children2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdulkarim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdulkarim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hanan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hanan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nusaairat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nafeth
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Iyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Iyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Iyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mero
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mero
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Esra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AhmedSaqerNofal
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (4 children2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0392

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

خان يونس, Khan Yunis, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 20th 2023, between 18 and 22 civilians – including women and children – all members of the ‘Abu Al-Naja’ family were killed, and between 79 and 114 others were injured after an alleged Israeli airstrike on their residential home in the Abu-Shahla neighbourhood in east Khan Yunis, Gaza. It has been reported that the house was subject to an airstrike whilst the residents were asleep.

@ShehabAgency reported that the Abu Al-Naja household was one of six residential homes struck by the Israeli military in the Khan Yunis Governorate. Ambulance and civil defence crews were on-site to take those killed and wounded to Nasser Medical Hospital. The grandparents of the family, Khaled Mahmoud Abu Al-Naja, and his wife Muzain Musa Abu Al-Naja were killed during the alleged strike, along with their five children: Hani Khaled Abu Al-Naja (son), Khalil Khaled Abu Al-Naja (son), Jana Khaled Abu Al-Naja (daughter), Nancy Khaled Abu Al-Naja (daughter) and Hanaa Khaled Abu Al-Naja (daughter). The alleged strike also killed the husband of Hanaa Abu Al-Naja, Suleiman Mahmoud Abu Rock, and the wife of Hani Abu Al-Naja, Israa Al-Muzain.

There were also nine grandchildren of Khaled Abu Al-Naja and Muzain Abu Al-Naja killed during the alleged strike. Six children of Hani Abu Al-Naja and Israa Al-Muzain were killed: Khaled (son), Ahmed (son), Muhannad (son), Rand (daughter) Rawand (daughter) and Raghad (daughter). Two children of Hanaa Abu Al-Naja and Suleiman Mahmoud Abu Rock were killed: Remas (daughter) and Mahmoud (son). The daughter of Nancy Khaled Abu Al-Naja, Toleen (daughter), was also killed during the alleged airstrike.

Since the incident, family members have posted tributes online. Marwa Mohammed Naja, the great niece of Muzain Musa Abu Al-Naja, commiserated the death of her great aunt, and Khaled Mahmoud Abu Al-Naja along with the other “22 people in the house”. These sentiments were echoed by Waam Younes Abu Al-Naja, the niece of Muzain Musa Abu Al-Naja, in a Facebook post that states that more than 20 members of the Abu Al-Naja family were killed during the alleged airstrike. However, the @AbuAl-NajaFamilyGatheringOfficial Facebook post states that 18 members of the family were killed during the alleged Israeli airstrike.

There has also been an outpouring of tributes via Facebook from the cousins of Suleiman Mahmoud Abu Rock, among whom include Ahmad Abu Rok, Ola N. Reck, Deya Abu Rouk and Raed Rouk, Zakrua Haesan Rok. The former neighbour of Suleiman Mahmoud Abu Rock, Wael Abdelaziz Alnaka, expressed his regret at the death of Suleiman and his wife Hanaa along with their two children.

@ShehabAgency initially reported that 34 injuries resulted from the recent attacks on Khan Yunis, then raised the number to 51, and ultimately reported the number of 79 injuries. However, it is unclear how many injuries occurred amongst this incident. @PalinfoAr put the number of injuries at 114, and images posted by @ShehabAgency show at least three children being treated for injuries in a medical facility.

At least 20 members of an “Al Naja” family were also reported killed in an incident three days prior, recorded in Airwars’ archive in ISPT0298.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (18)

Khaled Mahmoud Abu Al-Naja خالد محمود أبو النجا
Adult male killed
Muzain (Mazeen) Musa Abu Al-Naja مزين موسى ابو نجا
57 years old female Khaled's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 914650809
Hani Khaled Abu Al-Naja هاني خالد أبو النجا
Adult male Khaled and Muzain's child killed
Israa Al-Muzain اسراء المزين
Adult female Hani's wife killed
Khaled  خالد
Child male Hani and Israa's child killed
Ahmad أحمد
Child male Hani and Israa's child killed
Muhannad  مهند
Child male Hani and Israa's child killed
Rand رند
Child female Hani and Israa's child killed
Rawand روند
Child female Hani and Israa's child killed
Raghad  رغد
Child female Hani and Israa's child killed
Khalil Khaled Abu Al-Naja خليل خالد أبو النجا
Adult male Khaled and Muzain's child killed
Jana Khaled Abu Al-Naja جنى خالد أبو النجا
Adult female Khaled and Muzain's child killed
Nancy Khaled Abu Al-Naja نانسي خالد أبو النجا
Adult female Khaled and Muzain's child killed
Toleen  تولين
Child female Nancy's child killed
Hanaa Khaled Abu Al-Naja  هناء خالد أبو النجا
Adult female Khaled and Muzain's child killed
Suleiman Mahmoud Abu Rock سليمان محمود ابو روك
Adult male Hanaa's husband killed
Remas  ريماس
Child male Hanaa and Suleiman's child killed
Mahmoud  محمود
Child male Hanaa and Suleiman's child killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 22
  • (9 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    79–114
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (46) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Abu Rok
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Abu Rok
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Abu Rok
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Deya Abo Rouk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Zakrua Haesan Rok
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Raed Rouk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wael Abdelaziz Alnaka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Atef Abu Rock
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said Harfouchi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Foad Alraqab Abu Motaz
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Foad Alraqab Abu Motaz
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamade Abu Alnaja
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fayez Abu Alnaja
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abbas Al-Am
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Malek Abu Naja
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Malek Abu Naja
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ma’an and East Khan Younis Families
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alnaja Family Gathering Official

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 22
  • (9 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    79–114
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0392a

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

منزل عائلة الفرا بحي الشيخ ناصر في خانيونس جنوب قطاع غزة, Al-Farra and Hadayed’s family homes, Sheikh Nasser neighborhood, Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

In the early hours of Friday, October 20th, 2023, alleged Israeli airstrikes hit the al-Farra and Hadayed’s family homes in the Sheikh Nasser neighbourhood of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, reportedly killing 11 civilians spanning three generations. The victims of the attack included three children, five women, and three men.

Among those killed were grandfather 70 year old Abdul Raouf Saleh Ali al-Farra and his wife 60 year old Samira Muhammad Harzallah, alongside their two daughters, 21 year old Ghadeer Abdel Raouf Saleh al-Farra and 25 year old Hala Abdel Raouf Saleh al-Farra, their son, 32 year old Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Saleh al-Farra, and their daughter-in-law, Heba Salim Abu Nimah. The incident, reported by The Palestine Post (@PalpostN) and Twitter/X user @ehabomar21 to have occurred in the early morning hours of Friday, also claimed the lives of Abdul and Samira’s grandson (Heba and Ibrahim’s children), less than a year old Abdel Raouf Ibrahim Abdel Raouf al-Farra, and granddaughter, 1 year old Siwar Ibrahim Abdel Raouf al-Farra, as well as the Hadayed family’s young member Raed Abu Hadayed and his wife, whose name is still unknown. @ehabomar21’s tweet mentioned that “there were no survivors under the rubble” and a post from Yaser Mouaye Alfarra mentioned that at the time, the child Samira Ibrahim al-Farra’s body was still under rubble, indicating that young Samira was among those killed.

Condolences messages, along with several pictures honoring the victims, were posted on Facebook by various relatives and acquaintances, including Samira’s cousin, Asmaa Alfarra, and her nephew, Yehia Alagha; Abrahim’s cousin, Mohammed Shoaib Farra; a close friend who referred to him as his “beloved brother”, Hasan Ouda; and his classmate, Abod Elregeb, who stated that his “wise friend” Ibrahim was “one of the best of His creations in morals and upbringing”. Tarek Alfarra and Yaser Mouaye Alfarra also documented the aftermath of the bombardment and shared photos taken during the al-Farra’s family members’ funeral on Facebook.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. According to testimonies posted on Twitter/X and Facebook by @DrWhotreatsman and Jomaa Alfarra, respectively, the al-Farra’s residence was destroyed “without warning”.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Samira Ibrahim Al-Farra سميرة ابراهيم الفرا
Child female killed
Abdul Raouf Saleh Ali Al-Farra عبد الرؤوف صالح علي الفرا
70 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 955312046
Samira Muhammad Harzalla سميرة محمد حرز الله
60 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 955255435
Ghadeer Abdel Raouf Saleh Al-Farra غدير عبد الرؤوف صالح الفرا
21 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407958982
Hala Abdel Raouf Saleh Al-Farra هالة عبد الرؤوف صالح الفرا
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 403804388
Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Saleh Al-Farra إبراهيم عبد الرؤوف صالح الفرا
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803469477
Heba Salim Abu Nimah هبة سليم أبو نعمة
Adult female killed
Abdel Raouf Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Al-Farra عبد الرؤوف إبراهيم عبد الرؤوف الفرا
Less than 1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444265904
Siwar Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Al-Farra سوار إبراهيم عبد الرؤوف الفرا
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444434328

Family members (2)

Raed Abu Hadayed رائد ابو حدايد
male killed
Wife of Raed Abu Hadayed زوجة رائد ابو حدايد
female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (3 children5 women3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hasan Ouda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawthar A Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tarek Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tarek Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abod Elregeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (3 children5 women3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0392b

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

معان, Ma’an, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.333718, 34.316637 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In the early morning of Friday, October 20th, 2023, alleged Israeli airstrikes hit two civilian homes owned by the al-Ghalban family in the Ma’an area, east of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, reportedly killing Hussein Muhammad al-Ghalban Abu Riyad’s grandson, and inflicting injuries of various degrees on the other 12 members of his family.

According to a Facebook post by the Association of the al-Ghalban Family’s Sons, some of the victims were still undergoing treatment in the hospital, while others had returned after receiving first aid. This post, along with another from Families of Ma’an and eastern Khan Younis, featured pictures documenting the ‘massive destruction’ resulting from the bombardment. No further details were available regarding the identity of the civilians or their current condition.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Hussein Muhammad al-Ghalban Abu Riyad’s grandson حسين محمد الغلبان ابو رياض حفيد
Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Ghalban Family Sons Gathering
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ma’an Families and East Khan Younis
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ma’an Families and East Khan Younis
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ma’an Families and East Khan Younis
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ma’an Families and East Khan Younis

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the area of Ma’an (معان) to the east of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.333718, 34.316637.

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  • Imagery:
    Association of the sons of the Ghalban family

  • Imagery:
    Association of the sons of the Ghalban family

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0392c

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

بطن السمين, Batn al Sameen, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.339794, 34.298670 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 20th 2023, the Al-Bashiti family’s house in the Batn al-Sameen area in Khan Yunis was hit by alleged Israeli aircraft bombing, resulting in an unknown number of deaths and injuries. The names of the family members who were affected were not mentioned by the sources.

Journalist Ahmad Qudeih reported that the bombing of the Al-Bashiti home resulted in “injuries” while Khan Yunis City mentioned “martyrs and injuries”. However, neither source mentioned a casualty toll.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Batn al Sameen (بطن السمين) to the south of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to find boundaries for the neighbourhood and to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Batn al Sameen are: 31.339794, 34.298670.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0393

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

الأمل, al Amal, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.354810, 34.297943 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 5 AM on Friday, October 20, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit a home belonging to the journalist Rami Khreis located in the al-Amal neighborhood, west of the town of Khan Yunis in the Gaza Strip, reportedly killing his seven-year old son Abdul Rahman Rami Mahmoud Khreis, and injuring 12 family members, including his Rami’s wife. 

Most local sources named Abdul Rahman as the only deceased victim, but Alsharq News Palestine reported about “two martyrs” from the strike. A journalist Adel Zaroub mentioned a “female martyr” in the Khreis family home, so the maximum death toll may reach two civilians.

Most sources reported that “injuries” occurred as a result of the strike. A Facebook user Alaa Jamal said that his uncle’s home was hit in the strike and that “all of them [were] injured.” The Awda Alfada’iyye Channel offered a precise figure of 12 injured family members, noting that they were brought to Al-Nasser hospital. The Palestinian Information Center identified Rami Khreis’ wife as among those injured.

Friends and loved ones offered condolences to the family of the killed boy. Abdul’s uncle Atef Al-Namrouti posted a photo of a small child making the peace sign with a pet bird perched on his shoulder. “My nephew, Abd al-Rahman Rami Khreis,” said Al-Namrouti. “A martyr and a bird of paradise with God’s praise.”

A Facebook user named Diaa Momar, who appears to live near the family, lamented the death of “the good and decent neighbor’s son,” sharing a picture of the slain child. She also posted photos of what appear to be a little girls room with a window blown out, possibly the damage to her own home from the nearby bombing.

Several other sources posted similar graphic pictures of the dead boy, wearing a yellow t-shirt in a body bag and his corpse being carried on a stretcher in others.

Abdul Rahman’s name has been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Abdul Rahman Rami Mahmoud Khreis عبد الرحمن رامي خريس
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 437398795
Wife of Rami Khreis (Unnamed)
Adult female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Khreis Abu Yazan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Khreis Abu Yazan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diaa Momar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diaa Momar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diaa Momar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Diaa Momar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Alloush003
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Atef Al-Namrouti

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of al Amal (الأمل) to the west of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for al Amal are: 31.354810, 34.297943.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]