Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS222

Incident date

February 23, 2018

Location

جنديرس,عفرين , Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian died in an alleged Turkish bombing of Jindires, Syria, according to local media.

On February 23rd, Hawar News said: “The Turkish occupation army is constantly bombarding the area of Gondrissa with planes and artillery. Hundreds of shells fall daily on the center and villages of the area. As a result of the Turkish bombardment of the center of the region last night, Arab citizen Abdul Razzaq Ibrahim died. He was born in 1973.”

The victim was also named by Afrin Now, IC Afrin Resistance, Xanimcan, Raqqa24 and Kurdhr.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdul Razzaq Ibrahim Adult male Born 1973 killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ebdulrezaq Îbrahîm, killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Jindires, Afrin, 23rd February 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI014

Incident date

March 25, 2018

Location

شيلاديزي, Shiladeza, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

37.037778, 43.780833 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, one civilian was killed and one or two more were injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on the Shiladeza area, north of Duhok province in Iraqi Kurdistan.

One local source told Roj News Agency that the raids began in the afternoon, striking the village of Hillah, “in the area between Rikani and Niroh”. The report detailed that the airstrikes had killed one civilian and seriously injured a 35-year-old civilian, who was taken to a hospital.

Ashin Berwari, the head of the Shiladeza district, told Shafaaq that the bombardment had “caused at least two civilian casualties”. He added that the Turkish authorities are continuously shelling the villages in this area.

Ramam Ibrahim posted that the strike had seriously wounded one civilian and added that it had destroyed the farms in the area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Nihad Mahmood 35 years old male injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The alleged Turkish airstrikes caused one victim and several injured when it targeted Shiladeza area in Dohuk (via Fazel Hawramy twitter)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS017

Incident date

December 1, 2016

Location

بزاعة, Al Baraziya village, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.445616, 37.627831 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Syria News Desk reported that a child was killed and other members of their family injured in a Turkish artillery strike on Al Baraziya.

According to the local agency: “A child was killed and four other civilians were wounded, all of them from one family, this afternoon, by Turkish artillery targeting Al Baraziya village east of Al Bab city with several shells.”

“The media opposition activist Osama al-Halabi of Aleppo, told Syria News Desk that the seven shells fell on Al Baraziya Village, after an outbreak of clashes between opposition groups and SDF near the village of Al Yalni, pointing out that the wounded were taken to the National Hospital in Manbij, and the shelling resulted in material damage to a number of houses.”

There are no other known sources for this allegation at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS212

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

بلدة الباسوطة, Bashute villages, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.434167, 36.873889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to many sources, one child was killed and 11 other civilians mainly children were wounded in the alleged Turkish shelling of Bashute villages, Syria.

Their names identified the civilian casualties, this including a the 13-year-old girl and additionally, 11 civilians as wounded.

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported that another 24-years-old civilian sustained bruising to his body. He was trying to escape the Turkish attacks on the village when he had a car accident.

In a video for Rojava, an eyewitness gave testimony in Kurdish with English subtitles: ”

There were eight children here, and Xelil the owner of the house. They all got injured and my neighbour’s daughter was martyred. What can one say?”

Another neighbour: “We heard rockets then we came here. The children had been sitting here; they were actually playing. Some of them were reading behind the house. Their books are still there on the ground. They were reading here they were reading.”

Another man: “We were running here, and as you can see here it’s completely broken but not only here: they fired 3 or 4, my sister’s house and our house and some over there, close to the castle. They say the YPG is here, but there is no YPG, it’s all civilians. Some people came here escaping from the border areas to find a safe place.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured man at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured man at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the 13-year old victim ( Heva Klaho), killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Athrpress)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured man at the hospital after being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Nuce 24)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture shows the 13-year old victim ( Heva Klaho), killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Nuce 24)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video shows the aftermath of the shelling allegedly by Turkish which led to the killing one child and wounded 11 other civilians mainly children on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture of the victim Jenav Ziad Kilaho. 11 years old, at the hospital after being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source:Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture of the victim (Shivan Khalil Kilaho) a 6-year-old got many fragments in all his body following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows Henan Mohemmed Kilaho the 11-year-old got injuries in his back and foot following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim (Ava Khalil Kilaho) the 11-year-old got an injury in her forearm following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim Dilber Khalil Kilaho 14 years old got bruising in all her body following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim (Dijwar Nezmay Kilaho) 8 years old got an injury in his right knee following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim (Khalil Nebih Kilaho) 42 years old got injuries in his lower parts and his left forearm following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unrecognisable body of a child who was killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bashute villages, Afrin, 19th March 2018. (via Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unrecognisable body of a child who was killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bashute villages, Afrin, 19th March 2018. (via Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unrecognisable body of a child who was killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bashute villages, Afrin, 19th March 2018. (via Revofront)
  • Basel Jumah Omar 24 years old got bruising in his body. He was trying to escape the Turkish attacks on the village when he had a car accident. (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • Injured civilian being treated in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Bashute villages, Afrin. (via Ahmad Hasan)
  • Injured civilian being treated in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Bashute villages, Afrin. (via Ahmad Hasan)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS244

Incident date

March 5, 2018

Location

قارة تابه, Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.554722, 36.895000 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One woman was killed and up to 22 more were wounded, including women and children, in alleged Turkish artillery and/or airstrike shelling of Qarah village, Syria, according to local sources.

Hawar News reported: “A citizen woman was killed and an elderly man was seriously injured by the Turkish occupation army shelling on the village of Qara Tabah, belonging to the Afrin region. According to the information reported by our correspondent, the Turkish occupation bombed the village of Qara Tbeh of the Afrin region late at night after midnight, resulting in the death of 50-year-old citizen Ramziya Abdulrahman and the injury Nabi Safar Sheikho, 60, which led to the amputation of his right hand. Both citizens were transferred to one of the hospitals in the city of Afrin.”

Sources said that Nabi Safar Sheikho was Ramziya Abdulrahman’s husband.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “artillery, missiles and airstrikes killed at least one citizen and wounded dozens of citizens, including civilians and children, Some of the wounded were seriously injured”.

Adapress said that up to 22 civilians were wounded including seven children “as a result of Turkish bombardment of the village of Qara Tabah and the village of Barbana in Rajo”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ramziya Abdulrahman 50 years old female killed
  • Nabi Safar Sheikho 60 years old male injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–22
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Jwanmoustafa5)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Jwanmoustafa5)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Jwanmoustafa5)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Jwanmoustafa5)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Arin Chikhmous)
  • A wounded civilian in the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Qarah Tabah village, Shara district, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–22
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS011

Incident date

November 20, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A child was reportedly killed and 12 more people injured as a result of Turkish artillery shelling in Al Bab.

The ISIS-affiliated media outlet Al A’amaq reported: “A child was killed and 12 people injured by Turkish artillery on the neighbourhoods of Al Bab northeast of Aleppo.“

Ajal posted a similar report on Twitter, though also noted that the child victim was a girl.

Al Jazeera and TRT reported airstrikes on ISIS positions in the north, northeast and west of Al Bab and in the Al Qabaseen village near the city, though made no mention of civilian harm. TRT noted in particular the heavy bombardment that day: “# Urgent Turkish army, Air Force destroyed 17 sites of the organization # Daesh in the north and north-east and west of the city of # Bab (east of Aleppo #) and the villages of Kabassin.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS050

Incident date

January 14, 2017

Location

بزاعة , Beza’a city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.3829071, 37.56666 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One woman died and one man was injured in shelling on Beza’a city, Syria, according to local media.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “a woman was killed and her husband was wounded in Turkish artillery and rocket shelling on areas in Bzaah town near al-Bab city”.

Al Bab24 reported the death of “the wife of Ahmad Salah Kassem, the daughter of Mr. Haseeb” in “artillery shelling” – though it didn’t name the culprit.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • the wife of Ahmad Salah Kassem Adult female the daughter of Mr. Haseeb killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Facebook post naming the victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike, 13th January 2017. (via Al bab 24 facebook)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS129

Incident date

January 26, 2018

Location

جنديرس, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported the death of one man and the injuring of six additional civilians in the vicinity of Jinderes.

According to a report shared with Airwars, six additional persons were injured – they are listed below.

According to the Smart News Agency, “The centre of the city of Jenderi cam under an artillery bombardment, which led to the deaths of civilians and wounding of more. Residents retreated to the cellars of residential buildings for fear of the shelling continuing.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Nidal Ahmad 27 years old male killed
  • Asya Muhammad Khalof 15 years old injured
  • Warda Ahmad Al Shawakh 65 years old female injured
  • Zagros Hasan 20 years old injured
  • Brosk Afren 18 years old injured
  • Hussen Muhammad Ali 55 years old injured
  • Sudqi Abdul Rahman Musa 46 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]