Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS244

Incident date

December 8, 2015

Location

تلول الحمر, Telool al Hemer, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

34.95733, 36.95989 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

The Violations Documentation Center listed one unidentified adult female  as killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Telool al Hemer.

No further details are available at the present time.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS242

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

الصالحين, Salheen (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.1807607, 37.167263 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Three or four civilians including a child and at least one women were reported killed – and dozens injured – in an alleged Russian airstrike in the neighbourhood of Salheen, according to Shaam News Network and the White Helmets.

The White Helmets reported that the team managed to rescue three people and transferred them to field hospitals.

Three victims were named by the Violations Documentation Centre.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hasan Ahmad al-Hardan Adult male killed
  • Ayda al-Hasan Adult female killed
  • Mahmoud Bethe 2 years old male died, “due to his wounds sustained by Russian air forces shelling.” killed
  • Sahar Hamwi Adult female The VDC also initially named Sahar Hamwi as a victim of the event. However her name has since been removed. killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Two year old child, Mahmoud Beshe, who died from wounds sustained a day earlier in a Turkish hospital, according to the VDC. (via, VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS240

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

حي السكري, Al Sukkari, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.17594, 37.14111 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reported killed and 10 injured in an airstrike on the Al Sukkari neighbourhood, according to multiple sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether the attack was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian warplanes were responsible for the raid after a vacuum missile caused the collapse of an entire building.

The White Helmets also put the death toll at five, and said that they had managed to rescue 10 people from under the rubble. However they did not attribute responsibility for the raid.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that regime missiles were responsible, claiming five lives.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • The White Helmets attempt to rescue survivors from an alleged Russian or regime raid on Al Sukkari, December 7th. (via, White Helmets)
  • The White Helmets amidst a rescue operation following a contested airstrike. (via, White Helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS241

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

الهلك, Huluk (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.237367, 37.171512 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Five civilians including two women and two children were killed – and dozens injured – in an alleged Russian airstrike targeting Al Huluk School, Aleppo, according to the Shaam News Network.

The White Helmets reported that four dead bodies were recovered from the rubble and that 10 injured people were rescued. It said that among the dozens of wounded were many students, as the bombing occurred during school hours. Al Jazeera interviewed witnesses in Aleppo who said an aid station at the school was bombed.

Four victims were named by the Violations Documentation Center. They also noted one Unidentified male child

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdul Hameed Sultan Adult male killed
  • Bilal Mahmoud Child male killed
  • Sahar Ghazal al-Hamwi Adult female killed
  • Fatme Ahmad al-Jasem Adult female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • The White Helmets work to remove victims from an alleged Russian strike on Al Hulluk, Dec 7th (via White Helmets)
  • The White Helmets reported that they removed four dead bodies and rescued 10 injured civilians following the alleged Russian strike on Al Hulluk, Dec 7th (via White Helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS239

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

المغيرية, Al Maghiriye, Latakia, Syria

Geolocation

35.6774723, 36.1815729 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four civilians were reported killed and several others injured, including women and children, when Russian warplanes allegedly “launched scores of strikes on residential areas”, according to the Shaam News Network.

No further details are available at the present time.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS238

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

الناجية, Najieh, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.7894815, 36.2177181 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three related civilians including two women were killed in a pair of airstrikes on Najieh village, according to the Violations Documentation Centre and the Syrian Network for Human Rights. One source claimed an additional two people died.

The Syrian Network blamed the regime for the attack, while the VDC and Idlib Civil Defence said the civilians died due to attacks by Russian warplanes.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Hsain Sami Shawar Adult male killed
  • Wife of Hsain Sami Shawar Adult female killed
  • Wife of Hasan Shawar Adult female killed
  • Nabeil Shawar Age unknown male VDC claims he died from his wounds.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Father cries over his injured child who became one of the victims of a contested airstrike. (via, JISRTV tweet)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims of Najieh. (via, Event Coast News)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS236

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

كفر زيتة, Kafr Zita, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.37425, 36.6033 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

The Union of Hama Rebels reported that five people were killed in Hama but did not state whether they were civilians. It added that one of those killed was “documented in secret” and named him as Ahmad Mohammad Al Abboud, who died “as a result of Russian bombing on Kafr Zita in Hama countryside.

No further details are known at the present time.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmad Mohammad Al Abboud Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS237

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

كفر حمرة, Kafr Hamra, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.252649, 37.079115 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to 12 civilians including three children and one woman were reported killed and nine to 24 wounded in airstrikes on Kafr Hamra, according to multiple sources. According to Shahed Ayan there were two strikes, with both killing civilians.

It remains unclear who was responsible for the raid, with conflicting reports. Some claimed the regime was responsible, others that Russian warplanes targeted the area, or could not positively attribute responsibility.

Shaam News Network reported that Russian warplanes claimed the lives of 10 non-combatants and injured dozens more. The network posted an image of three siblings who died in the event. According to SNN: “The neighborhoods and cities and towns of Aleppo and its countryside have had rotten and terrifying days, where Russian aircraft haven’t left the skies, they were seen flying in swarms, ahead of launching hundreds of raids on various areas of the province, especially on the southern and northern countryside.”

Seven victims were named by the Violations Documentation Center, who along with the Media Office for Kafr Humra and Shaam News also stated that the civilians died as a result of Russian strikes on the city.

A number of videos and images were posted by the White Helmets who worked to remove bodies from the rubble and posted several videos showing bodies being salvaged, including an image of a child around 5 months old being removed from the ruins. They reported that seven non-combatants died and 15 others were wounded 15 others, but did not attribute responsibility.

Media activist Ibrahim Omar posted a video depicting the aftermath of the alleged attack, including images of dead bodies and injured adults and children but only stated that Kafr Humra was “targeted by highly explosive missiles“, not who was fired them.

In contrast the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the attack, which it said killed seven civilians including one woman, was allegedly by regime warplanes who fired missiles near a mosque “causing a massacre” and “severely damaging it”.

The seven victims named by the Violations Documentation Centre.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Abdulla Ramadan Adult male killed
  • Hamdo Ramadan Adult male killed
  • Raed Ramadan Adult male killed
  • Aamer Ramadan  Adult male killed

Family members (2)

  • Mohammad Salem al-Mahmoud Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Sami al-Mahmoud Adult male killed

Family members (3)

  • Abdul Jaleel Child Siblings were named by the Syrian Network for Human Rights. killed
  • Hala Child Siblings were named by the Syrian Network for Human Rights. killed
  • Yasser Yasser Al Mahmoud Child Siblings were named by the Syrian Network for Human Rights. killed
  • Hasan Ahmad al-Khateeb Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 12
  • (3 children1 woman7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Three siblings allegedly killed in the Russian strike on Kafr Hamra, December 7th 2015. (via SNN)
  • Scenes of injured children. (via, Ibrahim Omar)
  • The moment the missiles fell down on Kafr Hamra. (via, Media Office of Kafr Hamra)
  • The scale of the destruction to the local infrastructure following missiles which rained down on Kafr Hamra. (via, Media Office in Kafra Hamra)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of its strikes in Syria between December 4th-8th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 12
  • (3 children1 woman7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]