Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS013

Incident date

October 3, 2015

Location

إحسم, Ihsem, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.7209426, 36.5562773 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Russian aircraft reportedly bombed the town of Ihsem in Idlib, killing five members of one family – four of whom were young girls.

The victims were later named.

The White Helmets civil defence force tried to reach the dead and injured, but were subjected to a ‘double tap’ strike which killed one of their rescuers and injured six others, two seriously. In a later interview with al Jazeera, survivor Kaddour al Zaeim spoke of the deaths of family members.

While most sources blamed Russian aircraft, the Syrian Network initially said the attack was the work of the Assad regime. Following an investigation it later attributed the deaths to Russia, citing local activist Kasem Abu Nizar: At 1pm on Saturday, Russian warplanes launched four airstrikes on Ihsim town in Jabal Al Zawiya in Idlib suburbs. The raids targeted the poultry farm which was shelled with 10 rockets. The first and second raids shelled three rockets, and the third and fourth raids shelled two rockets at a time.”

The incident occured at 1:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

  • Mariam Qaddour al-Zaeim Adult female killed
  • Iynas al-Zaeim Adult female killed
  • Maysaa Qaddour al-Zaeim Adult female killed
  • Fatema Qaddour al-Zaeim Adult female killed
  • Waheede Qaddour al-Zaeim Adult female killed
  • Abdo Al Zaeim Age unknown male injured
  • Khadija al Zaeim Age unknown female injured
  • Khaled al Zaeim Age unknown male injured
  • Essam al-Saleh Adult male Civil Defence Staff killed
  • Mohammad Faress Fadel Adult male Civil Defence Staff injured
  • Ahmad Najjar Age unknown male injured
  • Khaled al Assa'ad Age unknown male injured
  • Ali Takika Age unknown male injured
  • Moustapha al Droubi Age unknown male injured
  • Aya al A'ssar Age unknown female injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (4 children1 woman2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (32) [ collapse]

  • Locals and White Helmets at the scene of a reported Russian strike on Ihsem, shortly before the aircraft returned (via SOHR)
  • Issam al Saleh, a civil defence member killed in the strike (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Body of Issam al Saleh, the Civil Defence worker killed in the strike on Ihsim. Via: Civil Defence [graphic]
  • Mohammad Faress Fadel a member of the civil defence injured while rescuing civilians following the alleged Russian raids in Ihsim. (via Ihsim Martyrs Facebook page)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of the airstrike on Ihsem, Oct 3rd 2015. (via Al Jazeera)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • Rescuers searching for victims under the rubble following the devastation caused by warplanes believed to be Russian in strikes on Ihsem. SOHR published 24 pictures on their facebook account, posted below (via SO4HR)
  • The aftermath of the strike. (via SN4HR)
  • Video showing the aftermath including interviews with rescuers. One man says they pulled out five kids and their mother. Another civilian says this was a poultry farm. (via SN4HR)
  • Mohammad Faress Fadel, injured in an alleged Russian raid. (via Ihsem martyrs facebook)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin reported a number of airstrikes in Idlib for October 3rd 2015, though made no direct reference to Ihsem.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (4 children1 woman2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS014

Incident date

October 3, 2015

Location

عقرب, Akrab, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.1631, 36.46512 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

The Syrian Network reported that Russian warplanes attacked Akrab, a town under the control of the Free Syrian Army, in a joint attack with the Assad regime. All4Syria also reported that “regime forces tried to storm the town, in southern Hama, after several raids by Russian aviation, resulting in several casualties among civilians.“

Two rockets, which SN4HR said contained cluster bombs (pictured below), reportedly killed two civilians including a child: “Four cluster bombs were left un-exploded and the FSA dismantled them by shooting from a very long range. The Russian aerial strikes were accompanied with shelling from rocket launchers by the Syrian regime.”

The incident occured at 1:30 pm local time.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Cluster munitions reportedly retrieved from Akrab, October 3rd 2015 (via SN4HR)
  • The Civil Defence transporting the injured. (via SN4HR)
  • Rescue workers at Akrab. (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russians made no direct reference to strikes in Hama for October 3rd-5th 2015, noting only that “Su-34, Su-24M and Su-25 pilots performed 20 flights over the last day. They hit 10 ISIS facilities.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS010

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

دير حافر‎, Dayr Hafir, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.151494, 37.707842 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Six civilians including three children were reported killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Dayr Hafer. According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, ten civilians were also injured when the attack struck the local market. Al Jazeera placed the death toll at 25 while Shaam Network said that 20 were killed.

There were some local claims the attacks were the work of the Syrian regime, and not Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 25
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Al Aan TV reports unspecified raids on a market in Dayr Hafir having killed at least 20 civilians. An activist being interviewed blames the regime. (via Al Aan TV)
  • Tweet by an activist alleges that there are 103 dead in Russian raids on the countryside of Aleppo: 80 martyrs in the city of al Bab 20 martyrs in Dayr Hafir and two martyrs in Tadif. (via hatem_6868)
  • Tweet by Hamza AlHairi Free Syrian army says that 20 people were killed in Dayr Hafir following alleged regime raids on a local market. (via Hamza AlHairi)
  • Tweet by Azaz Media alleges Regime warplanes were the ones to commit 'a terrible massacre' in Dayr Hafir. (via Azaz Media)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin made no direct mention of strikes on Dayr Hafer for October 2nd-3rd 2015, although did note other attacks in Idlib governorate: “On October 2, in the course of the day, the Russian air grouping continued making pinpoint strikes at the “Islamic State” international terrorist grouping. Su-34, Su-24M and Su-25 aircraft carried out 14 sorties from the Hmeymim air base attacking 6 ISIS objects. At Maarrat Al-Nuuman (Idlib), Su-25 attack aircraft completely destroyed a large workshop aimed for production of bombs and improvised explosive devices and disguised as a plant for gas cylinders.Terrorist base for armament and military equipment was also eliminated. As a result of an air strike, over ten pieces of military hardware including infantry fighting vehicles were burnt down…

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 25
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS011

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

اللطامنة, Al-Latamnah, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3219885, 36.6234398 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

An alleged Russian airstrike on a field hospital at Al-Latamnah resulted in injuries to a number of medics and severe damage to the building, according to the Syrian Observatory.

Although the Syrian Network for Human Rights described the attack as the work of the Syrian regime, the Russian MoD has confirmed a number of airstrikes on the city that day.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin confirmed a number of attacks on Latamnah for October 2nd-3rd 2015, noting: “In Al-Latamna district (Hamah), Su-34 bombers equipped with guided air bombs blew up a militants’ underground HQ. The command centre and its ground facilities are destroyed according to the objective monitoring data. Moreover, Su-25 aircraft engaged two bunkers at the same district. There were situated command centres of militant units and depots of terrorists. Munitions of one of the depots detonated and caused their total destruction.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS012

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

مَعَرَّة النُّعْمَان, Maarat al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.647038, 36.679174 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

According to the Syrian Observatory, “Russian warplanes carried out airstrikes on several places at the town of al-Ghadqa in the countryside of Maarat al Numan in the eastern countryside of Idlib, and we have information about injuries to several people, including paramedics from the civil defence.”

While no other sources reported the attack, the Russian MoD has confirmed strikes in the near vicinity.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Footage of the Russian strike near the town of al-Ghadqa in the countryside of Maarat al Numan. (via Russian Defence)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin noted that for October 2nd 2015, “At Maarrat Al-Nuuman (Idlib), Su-25 attack aircraft completely destroyed a large workshop aimed for production of bombs and improvised explosive devices and disguised as a plant for gas cylinders.Terrorist base for armament and military equipment was also eliminated. As a result of an air strike, over ten pieces of military hardware including infantry fighting vehicles were burnt down.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS008

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least 19 civilians and as many as 80 – including children and women – were reported killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Bab.

According to al Jazeera – which placed the death toll as high as 80 with 200 injured – the attacks were carried out by helicopters, most likely Russian Hind-24 gunships. According to the Syrian Network, the town’s vegetable market was hit. Shaam Times placed the civilian death toll at 50.

The city had regularly been targeted by both Assad regime and international Coalition airstrikes, and on October 2nd there were also reports of Assad regime aircraft carrying out other strikes on the city. Enabbaladi reported that “nearly 15 air strikes targeted al Jabal Hospital, and the areas surrounding the Mosque Osama bin Zaid, and Adassat Alzaleq. Also hit were the top of Albugzal street from the eastern end of the city and the Great Mosque and the Mosque of Omar ibn al-Khattab, in addition to the surrounding Association picnic area.“

Enabbaladi also said that Russian Sukhoi aircraft may have targeted the nearby town of Tadeef three times “killing several civilians and wounding others.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    19 – 80
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    200
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin made no mention of strikes on al Bab for October 2nd-3rd 2015, although did note other attacks in Idlib governorate: “On October 2, in the course of the day, the Russian air grouping continued making pinpoint strikes at the “Islamic State” international terrorist grouping. Su-34, Su-24M and Su-25 aircraft carried out 14 sorties from the Hmeymim air base attacking 6 ISIS objects. At Maarrat Al-Nuuman (Idlib), Su-25 attack aircraft completely destroyed a large workshop aimed for production of bombs and improvised explosive devices and disguised as a plant for gas cylinders.Terrorist base for armament and military equipment was also eliminated. As a result of an air strike, over ten pieces of military hardware including infantry fighting vehicles were burnt down…

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    19 – 80
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    200
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS009

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

تادف, Tadif, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.34857, 37.531501 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Intense bombardment was reported on the 2nd of October 2016 in and around the province of Aleppo.  In the town of Tadef two people were reported to have been killed as a result raids that were widely blamed on Russia.

Only one source, Sada Islamic, blamed the coalition for the strikes publishing photos of the aftermath.  They were also the only source to mention one victim instead of two.  None of the sources named the victims.

Centcom press release covering the period made no mention of strikes in the area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Photo showing the aftermath of raids on Tadef and blaming 'Crusader Nusairi Coalition' (via Sada Islamic)
  • Photo showing the aftermath of raids on Tadef and blaming 'Crusader Nusairi Coalition' (via Sada Islamic)
  • Photo showing the aftermath of raids on Tadef and blaming 'Crusader Nusairi Coalition' (via Sada Islamic)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Unknown
  • English
    /
    Original

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS007

Incident date

October 1, 2015

Location

بليون‎, Belyon, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.695922, 36.50804 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Belyon, near Jabal al Zawiyah in southern Idlib, reportedly killed four civilians including a woman and child. ‘Several others’ were said to have been injured in the attack, some seriously.

SN4HR placed the civilian slightly higher at six deaths, noting that “the town is under the control of the armed opposition in partnership with [al Qaeda affiliate] the Al Nusra Front.“

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 6
  • (1 child1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian MoD did not report any strikes in the dierct vicinity of Belyon for October 1st-2nd 2015, though did note: “Su-25 attack aircraft hit the field base of the ISIS militants near Maarrat Al-Nuuman (Idlib). Terrorist bunkers as well as ammunition and POL depots were completely destroyed. Pinpoint bomb attacks eliminated a facility used by militants as a transshipment base and a large ammunition depot.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 6
  • (1 child1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]