Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS521

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

غرناطة, Garnata, Homs, Syria

Geolocation

34.8937633, 36.6794443 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One male child, Reda Waleed Othman, was named by the Violations Documentation Center as having been killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Garnata. The Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies also reported the death of Othman, stating that he was killed by “indiscriminate” Russian shelling.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Reda Waleed Othman Child male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS522

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

كفر زيتة, Kafr Zita, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.37425, 36.6033 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One adult male civilian, Qasem Mohammad al-Hasoun, was named by the Violations Documentation Center as having been killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafr Zita.

The Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies similarly reported the death of Mr al-Hasoun from Russian shelling.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Qasem Mohammad al-Hasoun Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS519

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

معدان, Ma'adan, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.751055, 39.615398 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Ten civilians including one child and two women were killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Ma’adan, according to local sources.

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently reported that Russian airstrikes targeted the following areas of the town: “near Ma’adan garage; near Tah Kreiban school; near Al Farouq school [previously al Bourtoukala]“.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, six people, including a man and a woman, were killed “when warplanes bombed areas in the town of Ma’adan. The Observatory added that the death toll was expected to rise “because there is information about the death of 2 other citizen women, from one family.” It did not identify to whom the warplanes belonged.

In a contradictory initial online report, the Syrian Network for Human Rights in a headline stated “Massacre due to regime forces shelling on Ma’adan town in Raqqa governorate on February 1“. However, in the body of the post, SN4HR said at least five civilians including one child were killed when “suspected Russian warplanes” launched missiles on Ma’adan.

subsequent report published by SN4HR explicitly alleged that Russian warplanes dropped cluster munitions in Ma’adan, killing “10 individuals including a child and two women.” 

Eight victims were initially identified by Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, including 4 that were also listed by the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies as killed by “indiscriminate” Russian aerial shelling in Ma’adan. Those initially listed by RBSS:

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmad al Nasser Age unknown male Listed by RBSS killed
  • Jihad Al Nasser Age unknown male Listed by RBSS killed
  • Ahmad Kamal Age unknown male Listed by RBSS killed
  • The wife of Hussein Al Tared Adult female Listed by RBSS killed
  • Mayzar al Shawish Adult female Listed by RBSS killed
  • The mother of Mayzar al Shawish Adult female Listed by RBSS killed
  • The son of Mayzar al Shawish Age unknown male Listed by RBSS killed
  • Mahmoud Al Hayd Adult male Listed by RBSS killed
  • Al Haj Ibrahim Al Thaher 70 years old male Listed by RBSS killed
  • Tarif Al Khalaf Al Harami Age unknown male reportedly died later “due to wounds sustained in the strike on the town a few days ago“ killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • (1 child2 women7 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Mayzar al Shawish, killed in an alleged Russian strike on Ma'adan, Feb 1st 9via Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently)
  • Image of Mahmoud al Haid
  • Aftermath of the airstrike

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • (1 child2 women7 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS520

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

الخريطة, Al Khareeta, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.70014, 40.79364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between two and three civilians including one to three children were killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Khareeta, according to local sources.

Activists initially told Shaam News that three children were killed and more than five others were injured after Russian planes targeted Al Khareeta.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, at least two victims including a girl died when “suspected Russian warplanes” fired on Al Khareeta. Both SN4HR and the Violations Documentation Center identified one victim as Asaad al-Omair al-Abdulla.

Deir Ezzor 24 identified the dead male as Mr. al-Abdulla, and the dead child as the “daughter of Abu Steve.” It attributed their deaths and the injury of three others including a man identified as “Sou’aan el Za’eem” and an additional young girl – identified as the baby of “A’alyan Hamid” – to Russian strikes. In a later report, DE24 said “indiscriminate” Russian strikes targeted civilian areas, leading to the 2 deaths and 3 injuries.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Asaad al-Omair al-Abdulla Age unknown male killed
  • Daughter of Abu Steve Child female killed
  • Mr. al-Abdulla Adult male killed
  • Sou’aan el Za’eem Adult male injured
  • Baby of A’alyan Hamid Child female injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image of Asaad al-Omair al-Abdulla

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS517

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

معرسة الخان, Ma'arasta al Khan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.38032, 37.0744 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian warplanes “carried out raids on the towns of the northern countryside on the towns of Tal Rafa’at, Mare’, Anadan, Kafr Hamra, Hayyan, Ratyan, Bayanoun, Al Mallah, Ma’arasta al Khan, Ihress, Deir al Zeitoun, Bashoui and Asiya.” It said that two people died in Ma’arasta Al Khan in addition to a number of people being wounded.

Halab Today reported that one man and one woman were “martyred due to Russian airstrikes on the village of Ma’arasta al Khan.”

Al Souriya also reported a series of bombings carried out by “Russian warplanes” on February 1 in the northern countryside of Aleppo, including in Ma’arasta Al Khan.

The White Helmets also put the death toll at two and referenced multiple “wounded,” but did not say who the “warplanes” responsible for the incident belonged to.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of a raid on Ma'arasta al Khan, Feb 1st (via White Helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS518

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

حيان, Hayyan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.32417, 37.05886 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

The Shaam News Network reported that one civilian was killed and five others injured in 15 alleged Russian airstrikes on Hayan, “focusing mostly on the eastern and southern fringes of the city.” Though other nearby raids that day reportedly employed cluster munitions, SNN did not specify if they were deployed in Hayyan.

The Baladi Media Network reported that Russian “warplanes” left “martyrs and wounded” in both al Tamorah and Hayyan in Aleppo.

Al Souriya also reported Russian airstrikes in multiple locations in the “northern countryside of Aleppo,” including Hayyan.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS515

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

كفر حمرة, Kafr Hamra, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.252649, 37.079115 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One child was killed and 16 other civilians injured in airstrikes on Kafr Hamra, according to local sources.

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian warplanes carried out raids on “the towns of Tal Rafa’at, Mare’, Anadan, Kafr Hamra, Hayyan, Ratyan, Bayanoun, Al Mallah, Ma’arasta al Khan, Ihress, Deir al Zeitoun, Bashoui and Asiya.” They did not give specific casualty numbers for Kafr Hamra, but stated that there were “a number of martyrs and wounded in the rest of the target cities and towns.

The White Helmets provided more detail, reporting that four raids by “warplanes” (they did not say who these belonged to) led to the death of one child and the wounding of “many others.” They added that 16 people – mostly women and children – had been transported to hospital, but that the final number of casualties was not yet clear.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Casualties are taken into a medical facility following an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafr Hamra, Feb 1st.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS516

Incident date

February 1, 2016

Location

عندان, Anadan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.29353, 37.04466 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Ten civilians including four children, four women and a rescue worker were killed – and ten to 15 others injured – in alleged Russian airstrikes on Anadan, according to local sources.

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian warplanes launched 20 raids with missiles and cluster bombs targeting homes in the city center of Anadan and its outskirts, which led to the death of four women. They said that more than ten other civilians were injured, some in critical condition, and that a number of houses were destroyed.

They later reported that seven were killed in Anadan amid Russian raids on “the towns of the northern countryside, on the towns of Tal Rafa’at, Mare’, Anadan, Kafr Hamra, Hayyan, Ratyan, Bayanoun, Al Mallah, Ma’arasta al Khan, Ihress, Deir al Zeitoun, Bashoui and Asiya.”

In an interview posted by Shahba Press Agency, a member of the White Helmets said ten people died in raids that targeted civilians and rescue workers. Though initially claiming “the regime went crazy” in retaliation for losses, he later described “almost 22 raids by Russian warplanes.”

An initial report by the Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed the Assad regime, putting the death toll at seven. But in a later report, SN4HR changed their position and said that “suspected Russian warplanes” fired missiles on the Southern Primary School in Anadan, but they did not provide information on casualties. A further report alleged that Russian forces shelled Anadan’s southern neighbourhoods, killing eight “individuals” including three children and three women with 15 others injured. They posted an extremely graphic video showing wounded children.

Alburaq Media Institution published a video with testimony in which a man said that his neighbour and his wife and four children were all killed when rockets targeted the town, though the source didn’t say who fired them.

According to Shahba Press, Russia carried out more than 20 raids killing seven civilians including children.

Eleven victims (including three children, three women and one rescue worker) were initially named by the Violations Documentation Center, though one adult male, identified as Abdul Kareem Mohammad Khairallah, was later removed

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (3–4 children3–4 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Anadan, Feb 1st,
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    GRAPHIC: A child is treated in a medical facility following an alleged Russian airstrike on Anadan, Feb 1st.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of one of the children reportedly killed in the attack.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (3–4 children3–4 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]