Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS1926

Incident date

February 26, 2017

Location

مسكنة, Maskanah, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

35.963172, 38.035655 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

An unspecific number of civilians was wounded following an alleged airstrike on Maskanah, Aleppo. Only one sources blamed Russian warplanes; the others attributed blame to the Syrian regime.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the strikes occurred near the sugar planting town of Maskanah. 

There are no other details at this time.

The incident occured during the day.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st – 31st 2017.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2603

Incident date

October 6, 2017

Location

الخوين, Al-khawein village, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.478114, 36.83559 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

An unspecified number of civilians were wounded during a raid on Al-khawein. There were no reports of civilian deaths.

Local media was conflicted as  to who was to blame, with only one source attributing blame to Russian warplanes, while the rest either blamed Syrian regime warplanes, or did not attribute any blame.

Step News Agency tweeted that “military aircraft launched several air raids targeting the city of Khan Sheikun and the villages of Al Khwain and Tal Hogar and Umm Al-Khalakhil, resulting in injuries”.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS011

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

اللطامنة, Al-Latamnah, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3219885, 36.6234398 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

An alleged Russian airstrike on a field hospital at Al-Latamnah resulted in injuries to a number of medics and severe damage to the building, according to the Syrian Observatory.

Although the Syrian Network for Human Rights described the attack as the work of the Syrian regime, the Russian MoD has confirmed a number of airstrikes on the city that day.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Latamnah (اللطامنة‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.3219885, 36.6234398. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Unknown

The Kremlin confirmed a number of attacks on Latamnah for October 2nd-3rd 2015, noting: “In Al-Latamna district (Hamah), Su-34 bombers equipped with guided air bombs blew up a militants’ underground HQ. The command centre and its ground facilities are destroyed according to the objective monitoring data. Moreover, Su-25 aircraft engaged two bunkers at the same district. There were situated command centres of militant units and depots of terrorists. Munitions of one of the depots detonated and caused their total destruction.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3637

Incident date

April 30, 2019

Location

اللطامنة, Al Latamina, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and/or artillery strikes on the town of Al Latamina on April 30th, 2019, according to local sources.

Kafar Zeita TV reported that two civilians were wounded by rocket fire from Russian helicopters on the outskirts of the town of Al Latamina in the northern countryside of Hama. The source added that “a number of sheep” were also killed.

The Local Coordination Committees of Syria reported “heavy artillery shelling targeting most of the areas mentioned [in a list, which included Al Latamina], resulting in the deaths and injuries of a large number of civilians.”

According to Tell Me, “an intensive aerial bombardment targeted a hospital and an ambulance center in Al Latamina”.

@mhmdalywns56 tweeted that “Russian warplanes bombarded terrorist sites in the town of Latamina in the northern suburb of Hama”.

While most sources blamed Russia for the incident, others, such as SyriaTV, pointed to the Syrian regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Latamina, April 30th (via Jobar News).
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Latamina, April 30th (via Step News Agency).
  • "A barrage of rockets" allegedly fired by Russian warplanes on Al Latamina, April 30th (via Mahmood Alhamwi).
  • Translation: "Mass destruction left by a Russian air raid on the city of Latamina in the countryside of Hama 30-04-2019" (via Mahmood Alhamwi).
  • "Intensive aerial bombardment targeting a hospital and an ambulance center in Al-Latamina" (via TellMe).
  • "Russian warplanes bombard the city of Latamina in Syria" (via
  • Footage of a strike by a helicopter on Al Latamina, April 30th.
  • Further footage of strikes on on Al Latamına, April 30th (via @Wesal_TV).
  • Footage of strikes on Al Latamina, April 30th (via @HadiAlabdallah).
  • Footage from inside the town showing the raids, April 30th. Voice over video says: "The town of al Latamna now..Russian vacuum missiles” (via @mhmdalywyns56).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3745

Incident date

June 1, 2019

Location

ايكاردا, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) , Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Civilians were reportedly injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) near Aleppo on June 1st, 2019, according to local sources.

Al Jazeera wrote that “opposition sources said that Russian and Syrian aircraft targeted the city of Atarib, the village of Barqoum and the ICARDA area of ​​Aleppo countryside, which resulted in injuries to civilians.” Shaam News Network also reported injured civilians in the ICARDA area.

@MasarPressNet tweeted: “#Aleppo: Missile strikes on the ICARDA area, the village of Barqoum and the city of Atarib in the southern countryside.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3800

Incident date

June 14, 2019

Location

كفرزيتا, Kafar Zeita, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A local source reported that civilians were injured in alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on Kafar Zeita on June 14th, 2019. Other sources did not report civilian harm but did report alleged Russian and Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on the city on that same day.

Step News wrote that “Russian and Syrian regime aircraft, with more than 15 airstrikes, targeted the cities of Al Latamina, Kafar Zeita, and the outskirts of Al Zakat, north of Hama, and wounded civilians, while the regime forces bombed heavy artillery from the Russian camp south of Halfaya, targeting the city of Kafar Zeita in the northern Hama countryside.” The source does not specify if and how many civilians were injured in Kafar Zeita specifically.

Other sources did report the strikes but did not mention civilian casualties. MEO specifically wrote that there were no civilian casualties in the airstrikes on several cities on June 14th, including the city of Kafar Zeita.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR), “fixed-wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles near the medical point in Kafr Zita city in Hama governorate northern suburbs, partially damaging its building and equipment”. In a later post, the source added that Russian forces also fired a missile near Al Reefiya School.

@shabablatamni reported that the city was targeted with rocket shelling from Russian bases in the town of Maardis. @HalabTodayTV also reported artillery shelling but blamed the Syrian regime.

Other sources reported that the city was targeted with airstrikes. @Step_Agency, for example, tweeted: “Russian warplanes launched several airstrikes targeting the cities of Al-Lataminah and Kafr Zita in the northern Hama countryside.

@MahmodHamway posted a video of the bombing, writing that “more than ten airstrikes launched by the Russian aggression today on the perimeter of a mosque in the city of Kafar Zeita.” The source added that “this mosque is rubble, but this minaret is standing tall and steadfast.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Translation: “More than ten air strikes launched by Russian aggression today on the perimeter of a mosque in the city of Kafr Zita, Hama, as this mosque is rubble and rubble, but this minaret is standing tall and steadfast, God willing, defying all forms of occupation and aggression” (via @MahmodHamway).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3297

Incident date

March 17, 2018

Location

سقبا, Saqba, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.519286, 36.382427 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

An unknown number of civilians was reportedly killed or injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Saqba on March 17th, 2018, according to local sources.

The pro-regime source @addouniatv reported: “Martyrs and wounded residents of Saqba as a result of terrorists targeting civilians as they leave their towns”.

Step News Agency, however, stated that Syrian regime and Russian warplanes continued to carry out airstrikes and artillery attacks on several locations in eastern Ghouta, among which Zamalka, Harasta and Saqba, killing in total 45 civilians. It is unclear if and how many civilians died in Saqba.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3821

Incident date

June 19, 2019

Location

معرة حرمة, Ma’arat Harma, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was reportedly injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Ma’arat Al Harma on June 19th, 2019, according to local sources.

@nabdalthwra reported that “a civilian was wounded as a result of the Assad warplanes targeting the town of Ma’arat Harma in the southern countryside of Idlib.” Other sources, such as JisrTV, however, reported that multiple civilians were injured, but did not specify the number.

While most sources blamed the Syrian regime for the strikes, Resala Post wrote that Russian aviation targeted the town with four airstrikes. Shaam News Network blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (9) [ collapse]