Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS135

Incident date

January 28, 2018

Location

كوبلة, Kobla village, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.483495, 36.933987 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between fourteen and seventeen named civilians from one family died in alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, according to local media. A further seven or more people were injured.

Afrin Now published a very graphic video depicting “cruel scenes of the victims of the massacre of the village of Kobla in the countryside of Afrin, as a result of Turkish shelling of the village”.

According to the source Rumaf, “thirteen people from one family were killed, leaving only four people alive (the father, the eldest son and his two young daughters).

Afrin Now, also naming the above, added that there were three other victims who had not been identified.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmud Kano Adult male killed
  • Hassan Kano 13 years old male killed
  • Hussein Kano Adult male killed
  • Hanadi Kano 17 years old female killed
  • Amira Kano 17 years old female killed
  • Kamal Kano 7 months years old male killed
  • Fatima abd Rabuh 40 years old female wife of Abdullah killed
  • Rawan al Aswad 20 years old female from Tal A’jjar Kana, the daughter in law of Abdulla killed
  • Jouriya Kino 45 years old female killed
  • Hussein Child male son of Abdullah killed
  • Ali Kano Child male still trapped under the rubble (dead) at time of publishing killed
  • Mohammed Abdullah Kano Child male killed
  • Sefaa Kino 7 years old female killed
  • Rahaf al Hussen 33 years old female killed
  • Abdullah Kano 50 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Mohammed Abdullah Kano 27 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Badriya Abdullah Kano 17 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Mahmoud Abdullah Kano 6 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Rahaf Abdullah Kano 4 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Abdullah Mohammed Kano 4 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Hosny Mohammed Kano 2 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (6 children5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Wounded children await medical treatment in a hospital following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via ROK)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Rojava network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via HogirNecar)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Seriously graphic footage showing random body parts and a baby with its skull half missing, following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A graphic image of a baby with its skull missing, killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Free Afrin)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018 (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (6 children5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS276

Incident date

March 15, 2018

Location

ترينيدة, Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.493056, 36.879444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least five civilians including three children and two women died in alleged Turkish artillery and/or air strikes on Afrin, local media in Syria reported – though there was some uncertainty about the location. Rudaw put the death toll as high as 18.

According to Hawar, the Turkish occupation planes bombed the village of Trinide , the city of Afrin, resulting in the serious injury of Abdullah Bakr, 49 years. Bakr was taken to a hospital in Afrin for treatment. The correspondent confirmed that the bombing is still continuing on the neighbourhoods of the city of Afrin.

However, Afrin Now, who also named Abdullah Bakr, said that he was wounded in the Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood of Afrin.

IC Afrin reported the death of three children and two women.

According to ANF, however, the death toll may have been higher – though it is unclear whether the figure it gives applies specifically to this event or two several across the night of March 15th. On March 16th, the source reported: “The invading Turkish army and allied gangs intensely bombed Afrin city centre with mortar and artillery fire from last night until this morning. 13 civilians, mostly children, died and many more got wounded as a result.

ANF reporter Ersin Çaksu who is in Afrin stated this is only the number they themselves have reached.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ehmed Exlas 32 years old male killed
  • Şewket Henan 30 years old male killed
  • Qidret Bexlawa 70 years old male killed
  • Nezmî Elî 45 years old injured
  • Heval Cangora 22 years old injured
  • Ebdulwehab El-Xelef 60 years old injured
  • Hisên Ebdulwehab 35 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows the victim Abdullah Bakr, 49 years, at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish airstrike or artillery of Afrin city centre (source: ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, 15th March 2018. (via Aire-cudi)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS327 TS005

Incident date

October 4, 2016

Location

الثلثانة, Taltanah, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.44605, 37.34302 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

Up to 19 civilians including 3 children were killed – and as many as 41 people injured – when airstrikes hit the village of Al Thaltanah. Multiple reports initially assigned blame to the Coalition or Turkish forces. However, on December 1st 2016 the Coalition conceded it had injured one civilian in the event.

The Syrian Network and Syria News Desk reported that seven civilians died, and assigned responsibility to the Coalition. Several other reports also blamed the Coalition. The Syrian Observatory reported that “warplanes” targeted the village “inhabited by Kurdish civilians,” leaving 60 civilian casualties, including 13 confirmed civilian deaths.

In a separate report, the Observatory clarified the airstrikes were carried out “likely by Turkish warplanes,” and reported that the death toll rose to 19 civilians, including 3 children, noting “the number of the dead is likely to rise.” ISIL’s news arm Al A’maq News reported that 10 civilians died and several were injured in an “American raid.”

Reflecting the confusion, al Jazeera cited the Observatory and wrote, “it was unclear whether the strike was carried out by the US-led coalition fighting ISIL, or Turkey, which is leading an operation against the group in the area with support from Syrian rebel forces.”

In its December 1st report the Coalition stated: “During a strike targeting ISIL fighters it is assessed that one civilian was inadvertently killed as a result of the blast following the strike.”

This was later amended on April 30th 2017: “Oct. 4, 2016, near Talatanah, Syria: Number 5 on the Dec. 1, 2016, CJTF-OIR press release reported that one civilian was killed during a strike on ISIS fighters. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally injured.”

Halab News identified 11 civilians, 9 of which it named, who it said were victims of “Coalition plane shelling.”

In July 2019 the Coalition provided Airwars with the location for this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Unidentified from Kleisharo family Age unknown from Kafr Sgheer village killed
  • Unidentified from Kleisharo family Age unknown killed

Family members (3)

  • Mohammad Yahiya al Ibo Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Yahiya al Ibo Age unknown male killed
  • Mustapha Yahyia al Ibo Age unknown male killed

Family members (2)

  • Rashid Risho Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmad Rashid Risho Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

  • Illo al Haj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Yahiya Yusuf Al Hajj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim Yahyia al Hajj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammad al Qarmatli Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 19
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    41
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • "Satellite images show recent attack resulted from an airstrike, UN says, as battle for Aleppo sees more children killed", November 2016. (via Al-Jazeera)
  • Location of the village where the air strike took place, November 2016. (via Eastern Manbij countryside)

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest village at 36.4457989, 37.3436021

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Killed by strike blast
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    1
  • Stated location
    near Taltanah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCA515347
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Apr 30, 2017
  • Dec 1, 2016
  • Oct. 4, 2016, near Taltanah, Syria: During a strike targeting ISIL fighters it is assessed that one civilian was inadvertently killed as a result of the blast following the strike.

  • Oct. 4, 2016, near Talatanah, Syria: Number 5 on the Dec. 1, 2016, CJTF-OIR press release reported that one civilian was killed during a strike on ISIS fighters. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally injured.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 3rd-4th 2016, the Coalition reported no strikes in the near vicinity, though others for Aleppo governorate: ”Near Manbij, one strike destroyed an ISIL machine gun. Near Mar’a, four strikes engaged three ISIL tactical units and destroyed two fighting positions and a command and control node.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 19
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    41
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS300 TS002

Incident date

August 28, 2016

Location

جب الكوسا, Jeb el Kussa, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.688187, 37.996683 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Twenty people were reported killed and 50 injured after clashes at Jeb el Kussa, south of Jarabulus.

According to Al Alam “these people fell during battles between militants and extremist groups backed by Turkey and the so-called “democratic forces of Syria” and armed groups backed by America.

The Syrian Observatory confirmed casualties in the ranks of the local fighters backed by the Turks in the region.” Russia Today, citing the Syrian Foreign Ministy, said those who died were civilians but blamed “air and artillery weapons of the Turkish army in coordination with armed groups.”

Most media blamed Turkey. However local Free Syrian Army factions accused both Turkey and the US-led Coalition of “deliberate raids by warplanes on al Sreirat and Bu’r al Koussa committing brutal massacres against the unarmed civilians of the elders and women and children killed tens of martyrs and the wounded.”

Ara news: “Syrian Kurds have accused Turkish troops of committing a massacre against civilians in the villages of Jeb al-Kousa and Megher-Sresat, south of Jarabulus. According to human rights organisations, at least 20 Arab civilians were killed and 50 injured under Turkish bombardment.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (2 children2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For August 23rd-24th, the Coalition reported that "Near Manbij, four strikes struck three separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed a vehicle.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (2 children2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS410 TS019

Incident date

December 9, 2016

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least thirteen civilians were reported killed and eight injured in either a Turkish or Coalition airstrike on al Bab. The Coalition later denied responsibility.

Al Jazeera – citing ISIS – said two families were among 13 dead civilians after multiple “Turkish airstrikes” on the city. The Syrian Observatory said that “no less than 12 civilians from three families were killed while others were wounded by Turkish airstrikes and bombardment by Turkish forces and al-Furat Shield forces targeted al-Bab city which is taken over by IS, including a man with his wife and 3 of their children in addition to another man from the same family, with his wife and 2 of their children, in addition to 2 children with their mother, the number of the dead is likely to rise.”

Shaam News placed the death toll at 20.

Almost all sources blamed Turkey. However LCCSY (which had claimed Turkey was not killing civilians in its actions in northern Syria) said the US-led Coalition was instead responsible. The Syrian Network also blamed the Coalition.

Halaab News (which blamed the Coalition) named the civilian victims.

In an emailed response to a report submitted by Airwars on this and other incidents in December 2016, Coalition officials said the event was presently assessed as ‘Not Credible.’

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 20
  • (7 children4 women8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Jisr TV reports in tense 'Turkish air and artillery' shelling on the city of al Bab in preparation for a rebel attack. 9th December 2016

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Al Bab, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For December 8th-9th 2016, the Coalition publicly reported no strikes in Aleppo governorate.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 20
  • (7 children4 women8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS277

Incident date

March 16, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin city centre, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Up to 21 civilians including five children died and as many of 45 were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin city centre, according to local media.

IC Afrin indicated the death count at 20 reporting that the Turkish army is shelling everywhere in Afrin city and its surroundings.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned from a number of reliable sources that Turkish warplanes targeted Afrin city during the past few hours [March 16th]. The targeting of Afrin has continued since last night, by the Turkish forces and warplanes, which resulted in the fall of tens of casualties and wounded. The Observatory has documented the death of 18 citizens including 5 children while more than 45 others were injured with varying severity, and others are still missing, with bodies trapped under the rubble.

ANF recorded the death toll as at 21. Six named were identified. Additionally, 29 were identified as injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (1 child5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    29–45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows dead bodies of civilians, killed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured or likely dead civilian, following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured or killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child, harmed followed an alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF English Mobile)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child, harmed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF English Mobile)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows civilians dead bodies, killed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured or dead man, following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A footage shows dozens of civilians, killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin (source: MOHAMMED HASSAN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows two civilians, injured forgoing an alleged Turkish strike in Afrin (Source: ROK)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (1 child5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    29–45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS026

Incident date

December 17–19, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

The ISIS propaganda outlet Al A’amaq reported that 22 civilians were killed and 53 injured as a result of Turkish artillery shelling and airstrike in Al Bab, Syria.

It wrote: “22 dead and 53 injured among the residents of Al Bab who fell over the last two days following Turkish artillery and aerial bombardment.”

There are currently no other known sources available, with some of the numbered fatalities potentially linked to other listed events between December 17th and 19th.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22
  • Civilians reported injured
    53
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For December 14th to 20th, France reports 10 strikes: 8 in Iraq – 7 of which were in Mosul – and 2 in Syria. They reported that 16 targets were destroyed.

#Chammal : 10 frappes contre Daech en Irak et en Syrie cette semaine, 16 objectifs détruits.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22
  • Civilians reported injured
    53
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS003

Incident date

August 28, 2016

Location

ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﺭﻧﺔ, Al Armana, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.741944, 38.009722 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Fifteen to 24 civilians were reported killed in Turkish airstrikes on the town of Al Armana, as invading Turkish forces were said to have turned their attention to Kurdish YPG fighters. Al Hayat newspaper reported as many as twenty civilians were killed. 

However, Turkey denied it had killed any non-combatants in the action.

According to Reuters “Turkey said 25 Kurdish militants were killed in its air strikes and denied there were civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (13)

  • Hussam Jamal Othman Age unknown killed
  • Jamal Othman Child killed
  • Jamal Hisham Othman Child killed
  • Jamal Othman Age unknown killed
  • Munira Osman Age unknown killed
  • Fattah Othman Age unknown killed
  • Riza Othman Age unknown killed
  • Hassan Mohamed Osman Age unknown killed
  • Paper Mohammad Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • ire Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • Hussein Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • Osama Mohammed Ali Othman Age unknown killed
  • Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • Mohammed Ali Mohamed Youssef Age unknown killed
  • Jassem Mohammad Al-Faraj Age unknown the village of Khirbet, a paramedics killed
  • Hussein Hammoud Age unknown the village of Khirbet, a paramedics killed
  • Mahmoud Alberhaoa Ali Age unknown the village of elders, a paramedics killed
  • Jassim Mustafa Jassim Age unknown killed
  • Salim Maher Alasmaeil Age unknown killed
  • Mustafa Mohammed Jassim Age unknown killed
  • Abdul Rahim Mustafa Age unknown killed
  • Subhia Hafez Age unknown killed
  • Aqeel Abdul Rahim Mustafa Child male killed
  • Mona Abdul Rahim Mustafa Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 24
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Free Manbej City)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Free Manbej City)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Free Manbej City)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Ajansa Hawra ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Haraw News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 24
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]