Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT281223a

Incident date

December 28, 2023

Location

شرق مستشفى الأمل, East of Al Amal Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.351275, 34.298693 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Thursday morning, December 28th 2023, between 10 and 20 civilians, including at least three children, were killed, and at least 12 others, including at least five children, were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike/and or artillery strikes on a residential area near the al-Amal Hospital in Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip.

At 7:29 am, The Palestine Post quoted the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) in a Twitter/X post, stating “8 martyrs and a number of wounded as a result of bombing near our al-Amal Hospital in Khan Yunis.” Shortly thereafter, The Spectator Index, Al Jazeera, and al-Masry al-Youm among other media and social media sources quoted an updated statement from PRCS which brought the death toll to 10 civilians killed – the Times of Gaza alleged that it was the third strike on the al-Amal hospital in less than 24 hours, and shared a video taken by a PRCS volunteer of emergency workers and locals rescuing four children in varying states of injury including one severely injured child, with three of them being taken in an ambulance.

Reuters News reported that Khan Yunis “came under heavy bombardment on Thursday morning from warplanes and tanks near al-Amal hospital, west of Israeli positions”, also alleging that it was the “third strike targeting the area around the hospital in less than an hour”, and that residents believed it was part of an attempt at provoking “a new exodus ahead of a further ground assault.” CNN’s Michael Holmes @holmesCNN posted on Twitter/X saying “16 killed east of Khan Younis in Gaza Thurs in an apparent Israeli airstrike – medical sources.” The Ministry of Health in Gaza was later quoted by Xinhua News and Aawsat News stating a total of 20 Palestinians had been killed and dozens more had been injured, with the PRCS condemning the alleged strike and posting to Twitter/X that there were “dozens of martyrs and wounded, including children.” @Inejmydarling posted “many were killed and others wounded in an Israeli airstrike…several children are among the casualties” and alleged that it was the second consecutive day of strikes on the area near the hospital. The Middle East Eye reported that five children had been killed in the alleged strike, and that bodies were “scattered throughout the area”, and in another post shared images of five wounded children being treated for their injuries.

The Ministry of Health spokesperson Ashraf al-Qedra stated to Xinhua that the death toll could rise further as the search for survivors beneath the rubble “of a residential building near al-Amal hospital” continued, and warned against alleged “deliberate targeting” of the Nasser Medical Complex and it’s vicinity in Khan Yunis. Xinhua reported that local sources informed them that “there were many displaced Palestinians inside the building” when the alleged strike occurred, and that rescuers at the site said “most of the victims were retrieved in ‘dismembered parts.’”

Users on social media shared the names of the identified civilians among those killed. Khaleel Ibrahim shared nine names of those killed “in the bombing of a house for the Hamdan family, opposite the eastern gate of the Red Crescent Society” – Ibrahim Tayseer Salah Hamdan, Suhail Abdel Fattah Issa, Shadi Saqr Fayad, Makram Akram Shannan, Sally Ghlais al-Ghaf Shannan, Tayseer Eid Saleh Wafi, Aisha Magdy al-Hassi, and the children Farid Mahmoud Ghaf and Yazan Hussein al-Majdalawi. Farid’s mother Mariam Saleh Joudeh Marouf was also killed in the attack. Tamas Abdallah posted that three children had been identified among those killed, but only named Yazan and Farid.

Tributes to Shadi Fayad and Suhail Issa were posted by their loved ones on social media – Khaled Issa called his uncle Suhail “a kind man, the owner of the good memory”, while Nadal Issa shared a photo of Suhail, a smiling, bearded man wearing a cap. Mosab a Fayyad, Arees Alabadla, and the Facebook page al-Qarara’s pulse shared images of Shadi Fayad, a young man with a bright smile, with al-Qarara calling him “the righteous son of Qarara” and Arees saying Shadi was reunited with his mother and sister “in the highest paradise”, and expressed condolences to his surviving sister and family.

In a Twitter/X post, the Palestine Red Crescent Society alleged that the PRCS-run al-Amal hospital had been bombed “for the fifth time in less than a week”, sharing a video documenting their work following the alleged strike on Thursday. In it, a PRCS worker stated that on the morning of Thursday, they were at the Khan Yunis ambulance center when they “heard several explosions nearby” which they gradually confirmed to be as a result of “a bombardment on a residential apartment east of al-Amal hospital”, with simultaneous “artillery shelling on al-Qassam street” the latter for which EMS teams retrieved a body and provided “initial first aid to the cases in the field.” They further informed that according to protocol, injuries were directed to the nearest available hospital, al-Amal, with the “extremely critical cases” being redirected to Nasser Hospital “for more effective management of the situation.”

A video shared by Blue Globe World News showed about five injured, including three children, being taken into Nasser hospital – the children weeping in distress, one with wounds on their limbs and face. The Times of Gaza shared an image of a doctor at Nasser Hospital in Gaza treating a heavily wounded man while on the floor, quoting the doctor “Today, I have this floor to sit on, and maybe it won’t be there tomorrow.” The Times also shared a video of a man collapsing in grief at the hospital, wailing “We can’t take it anymore.”

Another video, shared by @jala_leb, showed a toddler with a severely wounded leg crying and shivering in pain while being comforted by a man.

Amr Tabash shared a heartbreaking video of Farid Ghaf’s grieving father, weeping and carrying the body of his child wrapped in a shroud. Heartbreaking footage was also shared by Twitter/X user @Majstar7 of Farid’s grieving father clutching the lifeless hand of his little child, crying “I got the biscuits you wanted my son, take them with you, take them with you to heaven” – he had gone to get biscuits for his son and returned only to find out that his wife Mariam and son Farid had been killed in the alleged bombardment “on the house to which they had fled.” Another tragic video, shared by @DrShajulIslam, showed a child hugging the covered body of his killed father, crying “Dad, don’t leave me.”

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Ibrahim Tayseer Salah Hamdan إبراهيم تيسير صلاح حمدان
Age unknown killed
Suhail Abdel Fattah Issa سهيل عبد الفتاح عيسى
Adult male killed
Farid Mahmoud Ghaf فريد محمود الغف
Child killed
Yazan Hussein Al-Majdalawi يزن حسين المجدلاوي
Child killed
Shadi Saqr Fayad شادي صقر فياض
Adult male killed
Makram Akram Shannan مكرم اكرم شنن
Age unknown killed
Sally Ghlais Al-Ghaf Shannan سالي غليص الغف شنن
Age unknown killed
Aisha Magdy Al-Hassi عائشة مجدي الهسي
Age unknown killed
Tayseer Eid Saleh Wafi تيسر عيد صالح وافي
Age unknown killed
Mariam Saleh Joudeh Marouf
Adult female killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a strike east of the Al Amal Hospital (مستشفى الأمل), within the city of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Amal Hospital are: 31.351275, 34.298693.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 20
  • (3–5 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (25) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mosab a fayyad
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    Source: Arees alabadla
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    Source: Al-qarara’s pulse - we are with you
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    Source: Nadal isa
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    Source: New republic news
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    Source: @Timesofgaza
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    Source: @missfalsteenia
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    Source: @missfalsteenia
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    Source: @missfalsteenia
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    Source: @missfalsteenia
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @MiddleEastEye
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    Source: @MiddleEastEye
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    Source: @MiddleEastEye
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @MiddleEastEye
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    Source: @MiddleEastEye
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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 20
  • (3–5 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1669

Incident date

December 11, 2023

Location

الشيخ رضوان, Sheik Radwan, Gaza City, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532389, 34.470222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

31.532879, 34.470028 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Shortly before 7:43 AM on Monday, December 11th 2023, a series of alleged Israeli airstrikes hit six homes belonging to the extended Salem family in Sheikh Radwan, killing at least 102 civilians. Airwars was able to identify 104 named victims (102 fatalities, and two others injured), though some local reports put the death toll at 200 civilians.

Airwars estimates that 50 children* were killed in the attack, which some sources said wiped out almost an entire neighbourhood. It was reported that many of the victims sought refuge in this house to escape the incursion of the Israeli forces into areas of Gaza.

Shehab Agency, Warfare Analysis and other sources initially reported “dozens of martyrs and wounded”. Other sources, including IMEMC news and Mondoweiss news, wrote about 15 civilians killed and dozens injured. According to a news report by arabi21.com, approximately 50 people, including men, women and children, were home in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood at the moment of the strike. A Twitter/X user Younis Tirawi (@ytirawi) wrote that the rescue teams managed to retrieve 32 dead bodies and estimated that an additional 80 were still beneath the rubble.

Other social media users and Salem family members provided much higher casualties figures. According to the Facebook user Yahya salem, one of the affected houses belonging to his uncle Suleiman was bombed after his uncles and their children gathered there, leading to the death of around 50 people. Another user @humanprovince wrote that his good friend’s entire extended family was wiped out yesterday in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood of Gaza City as 70 members of the family were killed. A Twitter/X user @MariamBarghouti wrote that 100 members of the Salem family were killed in the 24 hours since the strike, adding that “There is massacre on top of massacre on top of massacre in Gaza.”

A Facebook user Yahya Salim wrote that 100 family members were killed, and dozens were still under the rubble. He also shared a video showing a completely destroyed building and ongoing rescue efforts – people searching for the bodies of their beloved under the rubble, mentioning that these are his uncles, cousins, his mother and father who remained alive. He added: “there is no ability to rescue those trapped under the rubble, no cars transporting the martyrs and the injured.”

A family relative Ramy salem wrote: “107 martyrs so far and still missing under the rubble💔” Another family relative, Ahmad Salem, alleged that the death toll was higher – according to him, about 130 members of his family were killed, including his uncles and aunts, and their children. A Facebook user Ana Safaa estimated that the number of the victims killed was even higher, up to 200, writing that  “a large number of the family were martyred, approximately 200 martyrs, and a large number are also seriously injured.”

Tributes by family relatives and friends helped Airwars to identify victim names as well as family connections. In particular, the condolence message by Mohammed Salem helped to narrow down the fatalities list to the specific families/houses within the extended Salem family. In cases where sources did not explicitly specify the family connections between the victims, identification through their three full names (usually referring to the victim’s first name, followed by the first name of their father, and their family name) was used.

The extended Salam family

Abu Akram family

An elderly woman Umm Akram Salem, wife of Abu Akram, was killed alongside her two sons, Akram Khalil Salem (Abu Youssef) and Abdul Rahman Salem (Abu Uday), her daughter-in-law, Akram’s wife, Zainab Saber Salem (Umm Youssef), Akram and Zainab’s son Younis Akram Salem and an additional unnamed child, and Abu Uday’s daughter Nada Abdul Rahman Salem.  Umm Akram’s daughter Hana Henno  Khalil Salem and her husband Sherif Saber Salem were also killed. Fadl salem abu anas shared an image of two men, Sharif Salem and Rami Salem (mentioned below in “Abu Ramzi house” section), indicating that both of them are “in heaven”.

The surviving sister of Akram and Hanna, Ana Safaa, expressed her grief in a testimony online: “And it goes a💔 black year, yes, a black year that was full of calamities. . .I lost the most precious thing… my mother, my heaven Umm Akram Salem.” In another post, Ana Safaa explained that her mother, Umm Akram Salem, underwent a heart surgery (“she came out of the death before the war with heart operations”), and that her brother’s wife,  Umm Youssef, was like a second mother to her.

A daughter of Ana Safaa’s brother Abdullah Khalil Salem, identified as Sirin Salem, was also reportedly killed.

Ana also mourned the death of her sister Hanaa and Hanaa’s husband Sheriff, her brother Abu Youssef and his wife Umm Youssef along with her nephew Younis Salem, her brother Abu Uday and his daughter Nada Salem. She wrote about Younis that “he had never harmed anyone in his life”

Fadl Salem Abu Anas wrote a tribute to the memory of Abu Youssef, his wife Zainab and their children, sharing an image where one of the men making a meal outside was apparently Abu Youssef. Only one child of Akram Khalil Salem (Abu Youssef) could be identified (Younis Akram Salem).

Mohammed Salem mourned the death of his beloved aunt, Umm Akram, “the beloved martyr Abu Youssef”,  the martyrs Umm Youssef Zainab Salem, Younis Akram Salem and Umm Ali Howaida Nafez Salem.

The Abu Ramzi house

According to Mohammed Salem, other family members were killed in the Abu Ramzi house. He, and Yahya Salim, identified the following names:

Sufyan Salem was killed along with his wife and all his family members, except for one son named Ahmed. Among the victims were their children Rami Sufyan Salem (Abu Bilal), Rama Sufyan Salem, Ahmed Sufyan Salem, Halima Sufyan Salem, and Saif Sufyan Salem.

Salem Salem (abu Anas), Salem Salem’s wife (who could possibly be Sherine Jamil Salem) and all his family members were also reportedly killed. Salem’s children, who who lost their lives, were identified as Anas Salem Salem, Wabab Salem Salem, Roa Salem Salem, Ahmed Salem Salem and Remas Salem Salem.

Mohammed Salem also added that the entire family of Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb – his wife Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa, sons, daughters, and relatives – were killed, while sources were conflicted as to whether Ramzi himself was left alone injured or was killed. The children were identified by Yahya salim as three sons Mustafa Ramzi Salem, Mohamed Ramzi Salem, Muhannad Ramzi Salem and two daughters Nourhan (Nour) Ramzi Salem and Nawal Ramzi Salem.

Members of Al-Shawa family, related to the Salem family through Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa’s mariage to Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb, were also killed in the same attack (see below: Al-Shawa family).

Al-Shawa family

According to the Facebook tribute by Moataz Shawa, the bombing of her sister’s Suhair house allegedly perpetrated by the Israeli military led to the death of 18 of her family members. “They were my whole life”, she added.

She also shared pictures showing the complete destruction of their family home. “This is what’s left of my house, after all my family members were killed” Moataz wrote.

Moataz’s father Majid Awni Jamil Al-Shawa (abu Fadi) was killed along with his wife, Moataz’s mother Helen Badie Jamil al-Shawa, their sons, Moataz’s brothers Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa and Ihab Majed Awni Al-Shawa, their daughter, Moataz’s sister Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa along with her husband Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb (abu Mustafa) and their five children (documented above – “Abu Ramzi house”), their daughter-in-law, wife of Fadi, Nevin Suhail Abdullah Al-Shawa (Al Sarsak), their daughter-in-law, wife of Ihab, Walaa Hossam Salim Al-Shawa (Al-Sarsak) and their grandchildren.

Among the grandchildren killed in the attack were sons of Fadi and Nevin Fares Al-Shawa and Firas Al-Shawa, their daughter Shahad Al-Shawa; a son of Ihab and Walaa, Muhammad Al-Shawa, and the two daughters of Ihab and Walaa – Helen Al-Shawa and an infant Sham Al-Shawa.

In one Facebook post, Moataz Shawa shared a group picture featuring her mother Helen, her sister Suhair, her niece Nawal, her brother Ihab, Ilhab’s wife Walaa with the 5-month old daughter Sham. She wrote the heartbreaking words that all of them were killed: “Everyone in the picture was killed by Israel. They were all martyrs in a hideous massacre carried out by [Israeli] aircraft that killed 18 people from my family. Every person has a story, a story, and a dream that he was seeking to implement.”

In a separate post, Moataz shared the pictures of her sister Suhair – a smiling young woman in a black dress and a grey hijab, and of her children who were killed. In one more post, she shared the pictures of her deceased father Majed and her mother Helen – he is dressed in a suit with a black tie, and she is in a black embroidered dress and hijab. In other posts, she shared the pictures of her brothers Fadi and Ihab and their children.

Another family relative, Ghadeer Mohammad, also mourned his aunt Helen Al-Shawa, his uncle Abu Fadi Em Fadi Al-Shawa, his relative Nevin, “the kind and compassionate one”, and Suhair.  He also wrote a condolence message to the apparently surviving member of the family, Eman Majed Al-Shawa, saying: “Dear Eman, may God give you patience, strengthen you, and give your heart patience.“

The Shawa Family Facebook account also wrote a tribute to the 19 members of the Al-Shawa family who were killed “while they were safe in their home in Gaza City – Sheikh Radwan neighborhood”, and went on to “ask God Almighty to grant them wide mercy, forgiveness, and the highest paradise in Paradise, and to accept them as companions with the prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs, and the good ones.”

Facebook users Al-qishawi Nael and Alaa al-Fasees mourned the death of Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa, calling him “our brother, friend, and comrade” and sharing a picture of a young bearded man in glasses.

Abu Ghassan’s house

According to the post by Abdelmajeed Aljelekh, among the victims were also Umm Ghassan Salem and her four sons, brothers Yahya Zakaria Salem, Bassam Zakarya Salem (Abu Hamza), Hossam Zakarya Salem, and Ahmad Zakarya Salem, as well as her daughter with all her children, and the wife of one of the brothers, Yahya, named Sabreen Sami Kasbeh. Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh further identified Nidal Zakarya Salem, son of Zakarya Salem, as killed.

Mohammad Sandouqa wrote that Umm Ghassan was a wife of the late Zakaria Salem. He mourned the death of the brothers – Bassam, Hossam, Yahya and Ahmad.

According to the Facebook tribute by Omar Mustafa, Yahya Salem was his neighbour and childhood friend. He added that he was killed along with his mother, his brothers Bassam and Hossam, some of their children and wives..

Qusi Mustfa Alooz also mourned the death of Umm Ghassan and her sons, sharing the image of Yahya and Ahmad, apparently quite young men.

Mohammed Salem wrote that he lost his beloved aunt, Umm Ghassan, his nephews Yahya and Ahmed as well as Yahya’s wife.

Mohammed Kusba, uncle of the late Sabreen, mourned her death and death of her husband and aunt: “With hearts full of faith in God Almighty and satisfied with God’s will and destiny, my niece (Sabreen Sami Kasba, her husband Yahya Salem, and her aunt, a thousand mercy on them) was martyred.”

Ziad Salem (Abu Wissam)’s house

A family relative Waleed Naeem Salem wrote on Facebook that it was “a black day for our family”. He mourned the death of 60 members of his family, including his aunt, Bushra Ahmed Salem (Umm Wissam) who was killed along with her husband Ziad Abdel Rahman Salem (abu Wissam), their daughter Ahlam Ziyad Salem and their three sons –  Wissam Ziad Salem, Abdullah Ziyad Salem, and Basil Ziad Salem. A wife of Basil, Shaima Akram Salem was also killed along with their sons Youssef Basil Salem and Zain Basil Salem. They were all killed in the house of Ziad Salem, according to Mohammed Salem, survived only by Hossam Basil Salem, one of Basil’s sons. Waleed also shared a striking  image where names of the victims written in Arabic can be seen on the black background.

Mohammed Salem also added that Muhammad and his wife were also killed in this house- it is possible that he could refer to Muhammad Iyad Salem who was mentioned in the list of victims published by Emad j abushawiesh.

A niece of the late Ziad, Abed Deeb, wrote a heartfelt Facebook testimony, mourning the death of her dear uncle Ziad, his wife and children.

Mohammed b Salem in his post wished “Mercy on the family of my aunt Umm Wissam, her husband Ziad, her children, her grandchildren, and her children’s wives 💔😭.”

Hamed jawad mahdi posted a tribute for Basil Ziad Salem, calling him “the beloved and dear friend to our hearts.”

Shaimaa Akram Salem, her husband and children were mentioned also in the testimony by Ana Safaa.

Umm Bashir’s house

According to a post by Mohammed Salem, the three women belonging to three different generations were killed in the house of his aunt Umm Bashir, in particular, Haji Noha Saeed Salem was killed alongside her daughter Reham Saeed Salem and Reham’s daughter Haji Hanan Saeed Salem.

Among the civilians killed in this house were a mother Khader Salem (umm Basil), her three sons –  Basil Rafiq Salem, Jihad Rafiq Salem and Ahmed Rafiq Salem and her daughter Farah Rafiq Salem.  At the same time, Khader’s husband Rafiq Salem (Abu Basil), their married daughters, and Basil’s wife and daughter survived.

Khitam Saeed Salem, child of Saeed Salem was also listed as civilians killed by Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh

Thaer Mounir Salem was killed alongside his mother, his wife, his brothers Muhammad  Mounir Salem, Ammar Mounir Salem and Omar Mounir Salem (Omar was identified in Yahya Salim’s list of victims) and his sister Shahd Mounir Salem. Thaer and his siblings’ father Abu Thaer survived.

Rizq Salem’s (Abu Nidal) house

According to Mohammed Salem, his uncle Muhammad Rizq Salem (Abu Nidal) was killed alongside his wife, their son Alaa Muhammad Salem, their daughter Amani Muhammad Salem and their two grandchildren, sons of their surviving son Nidal –  Muhammad Nidal Salem and Ahmed Nidal Salem. He stated that Nidal Salem, his wife and two daughters survived. However, Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh’s list of victims included Nidal Muhammad Salem as one of those killed, with the following relatives: Fidaa Muhammad Salem, Nihad Muhammad Salem, and Kafah Muhammad Salem (mentioned below).

Abu Iyad’s house

According to Mohammed Salem, Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) was killed alongside his wife and all their four children. The names of his deceased children were Ahmed Mahmoud Salem, Mohamed Mahmoud Salem, and Ibrahim Mahmoud Salem, the name of the fourth child was not provided. It could possibly be Kafah Muhammad Salem as his name was listed right below those of the three brothers identified in the list provided by Mohammed Salem- in case there was a typo in the writing of Kafah’s middle Arabic name (Mohammad instead of Mahmoud – only one letter different in Arabic).

Abed Deeb mourned the loss of her cousin Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) and his entire family. She added many images of the family members – mostly men of different ages, but it is hard to identify exactly who was portrayed in the pictures.

Additional members of the Salem family

There were additional members of the Salem family mentioned in the testimonies by Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh as killed, but absent in the post by Mohammed Salem. In particular, those were identified as Moaz Hossam Salem, Lana Hossam Salem, Baraa Hossam Salem – children of Hossam Salem, and Muhammad Iyad Salem (on Muhammad Iyad Salem, see section Ziad Salem (Abu Wissam)’s house), Muhammad Suleiman Salem, Wisam Al-Khawaldeh, Nesma Hani Salem.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

*When victims were referred to as “children of” Airwars counted them as children given the context and understanding of the family in this case, unless there was evidence to suggest at their age (such as marital status). Where only names were identified without ages, Airwars counted these as adults. Our civilian casualty ranges will be updated once more information is available.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 7:43 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (104)

Khader Salem خضر سالم
Adult female killed
Basil Rafiq Salem باسل رفيق سالم
male killed
Jihad Rafiq Salem جهاد رفيق سالم
male killed
Ahmed Rafiq Salem احمد رفيق سالم
male killed
Farah Rafiq Salem فرح رفيق سالم
female killed
Nidal Zakaria Salem نضال زكريا سالم
killed
Thaer Munir Salem ثائر منير سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Thaer Salem زوجة ثائر
Adult female killed
Mother of Thaer أم ثائر
Adult female killed
Ammar Mounir Salem عمار منير سالم
Adult male killed
Muhammad Mounir Salem محمد منير سالم
Adult male killed
Shahd Mounir Salem شهد منير سالم
Adult female killed
Wisam Al-Khawaldeh وسام الخوالدة
killed
Hanan Saeed Salem حنان سعيد سالم
female killed
Noha Saeed Salem نهى سعيد سالم
Adult female killed
Reham Saeed Salem ريهام سعيد سالم
Adult female killed
Muhammad Rizq Salem محمد رزق سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Muhammad Rizq Salem زوجة محمد رزق سالم
Adult female killed
Omar Mounir Salem عمر منير سالم
killed
Khitam Saeed Salem ختام سعيد سالم
killed
Alaa Muhammad Salem علاء محمد سالم
Adult male killed
Amani Muhammad Salem اماني محمد سالم
Adult female killed
Muhammad Nidal Salem محمد نضال سالم
male killed
Ahmed Nidal Salem احمد نضال سالم
male killed
Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem محمود عبد الكريم سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) زوجة محمود عبد الكريم سالم
Adult female killed
Kafah Muhammad Salem كفاح محمد سالم
male killed
Ahmed Mahmoud Salem احمد محمود سالم
killed
Mohamed Mahmoud Salem محمد محمود سالم
killed
Ibrahim Mahmoud Salem ابراهيم محمود سالم
killed
Fourth child of Mahmoud Salem
male killed
Abdul Rahman Salem عبد الرحمن سالم
Adult male killed
Fidaa Muhammad Salem فداء محمد سالم
killed
Sufyan Salem سفيان سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Sufyan Salem زوجة سفيان سالم
Adult female killed
Rami Sufyan Salem رامي سفيان سالم
male killed
Rama Sufyan Salem راما سفيان سالم
female killed
Ahmed Sufyan Salem احمد سفيان سالم
killed
Halima Sufyan Salem حليمه سفيان سالم
Age unknown female killed
Saif Sufyan Salem سيف سفيان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Salem Suleiman Salem سالم سليمان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sherine Jamil Salem شرين جميل سالم
Age unknown female killed
Wabab Salem Salem وباب سالم سالم
Age unknown female killed
Roa Salem Salem رؤى سالم سالم
Age unknown female killed
Anas Salem Salem انس سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Ahmed Salem Salem احمد سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Nada Abdel Rahman Salem ندى عبد الرحمن سالم
Age unknown female killed
Akram Khalil Salem (abu Youssef) اكرم خليل سالم
Adult male killed
Mother of Akram أم اكرم
Adult female killed
Zainab Saber Salem (umm Youssef) زينب صابر سالم
Adult female killed
Younis Akram Salem يونس اكرم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Child of Zainab Saber Salem طفل زينب صابر سالم
Age unknown killed
Hanaa Khalil Salem هناء خليل سالم
Adult female killed
Sherif Saber Salem شريف صابر سالم
Adult male killed
Nihad Muhammad Salem نهاد محمد سالم
Age unknown killed
Yahya Zakaria Salem يحيى زكريا سالم
Adult male killed
Umm Ghassan Salem أم غسان سالم
Adult female killed
Bassam Zakarya Salem بسام زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Hossam Zakarya Salem حسام زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Ahmad Zakarya Salem احمد زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sabreen Sami Kasbeh صابرين سامي كسبة
Adult female killed
Howaida Nafez Salem (Umm Ali) هويدا نافذ سالم
Adult female killed
Ziad Abdel Rahman Salem زياد عبد الرحمن سالم
Adult male killed
Bushra Ahmed Salem شرى احمد سالم
Adult female killed
Ahlam Ziyad Salem احلام زياد سالم
Age unknown female killed
Abdullah Ziyad Salem عبدالله زياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Wissam Ziad Salem وسام زياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Basil Ziad Salem باسل زياد سالم
Adult male killed
Shaima Akram Salem شيماء اكرم سالم
Adult female killed
Youssef Basil Salem يوسف باسل سالم
Age unknown male killed
Zain Basil Salem زين باسل سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Iyad Salem محمد اياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad's wife
Age unknown Matched to MoH ID possibly Muhammad Iyad Salem's wife
Nesma Hani Salem نسمه هاني سالم
Age unknown female killed
Moaz Hossam Salem معاذ حسام سالم
Age unknown male killed
Lana Hossam Salem لانا حسام سالم
Age unknown female killed
Baraa Hossam Salem براء حسام سالم
Age unknown killed Matched to MoH ID gender unknown
Remas Salem Salem ريماس سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Nidal Muhammad Salem نضال محمد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Suleiman Salem محمد سليمان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sirin Salem سيرين سالم
Age unknown female killed
Majid Awni Jamil Shawa ماجد عوني جميل الشوا
Adult male killed
Helen Badie Jamil Shawa هيلين بديع جميل الشوا
Adult female killed
Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa فادي ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult male killed
Nevin Suhail Abdullah Al Sarsak نفين سهيل عبدالله السرسك
Adult female killed
Fares Al-Shawa فارس الشوا
Child male killed
Shahad Al-Shawa شهد الشوا
Child female killed
Firas Al-Shawa فراس الشوا
Child male killed
Ihab Majed Awni Al Shawa ايهاب ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult male killed
Walaa Hossam Salim Al-Sarsak ولاء حسام سليم السرسك
Adult female killed
Helen Al-Shawa هيلين الشوا
Child female killed
Muhammad Al-Shawa محمد الشوا
Child male killed
Sham Al-Shawa شام الشوا
4 years old female killed
Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa سهير ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult female killed
Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb Salem's wife
Adult female killed
Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb Salem رمزي سليمان سالم ديب
Adult male killed
Mustafa Ramzi Salem مصطفى رمزي سالم
Child male killed
Muhammad Ramzi Salem محمد رمزي سالم
Child male killed
Nawal Ramzi Salem نوال رمزي سالم
Child female killed
Nourhan Ramzi Salem نورهان رمزي سالم
Child female killed
Muhannad Ramzi Salem
Adult male killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter
Adult female killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter's child 1
Child killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter's child 2
Child killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention multiple residential buildings being struck in the vicinity of the Sheik Radwan Clinic (عيادة الشيخ رضوان) within Sheik Radwan (الشيخ رضوان) neighbourhood of Gaza (غزة) city. Al Jazeera provided Airwars with the exact coordinates for one residential buildings after receiving testimony from a survivor, as follows: 31.532389, 34.470222. The generic coordinates for Sheik Radwan Clinic are: 31.532879, 34.470028. Due to limited imagery from the site, we were unable to verify the locations further..

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Residential building struck","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.470222,31.532389],"type":"Point"}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Sheik Radwan Clinic \n عيادة الشيخ رضوان","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.470028,31.532879],"type":"Point"}}]}

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    102 – 200
  • (50 children26 women26–27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (50) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (51) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad jaber salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad jaber salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fadl salem abu anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fadl salem abu anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qusi mustfa aloozi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qusi mustfa aloozi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu waseem abu diah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Waleed naeem salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa al-fasees
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-qishawi nael
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-qishawi nael
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yahya salim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yahya salim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yahya salim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    102 – 200
  • (50 children26 women26–27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (50) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1336

Incident date

December 1, 2023

Location

النصيرات, Nuseirat camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450065, 34.392934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An infant was killed by alleged Israeli bombing on the Al-Zahar family home in Nuseirat Camp in Deir Al-Balah on December 1, 2023.

The Palestinian Refugee Portal reported that a 5-month-old infant named Muhammad Hani Al-Zahar was killed by an Israeli bombing of his family’s house, and included names of the family members seen holding Muhammad’s body after it was taken to Al-Aqsa Hospital.

The pictures of the dead child were subject to online disinformation claiming the body was in fact a doll, with a number of Israeli and other publications later reporting such claims.

BBC Verify later reported that “an article by the Jerusalem Post, an influential Israeli newspaper, which showed an image of Muhammad in rigor mortis after his death and said it proved he was a doll. After a backlash, the paper removed the article from its website, saying on X (formerly Twitter) that the report “was based on faulty sourcing”.

Open source investigations platform Eekad Facts also fact-checked the accusation from Israeli and Arab accounts that the dead infant in the videos was just a doll used by Hamas to promote their agenda. Eekad Facts found that the original clip of a man carrying the infant was published on the account of Palestinian journalist “Hani Abu Rizq” on December 1st. The source also quoted the National Library of Medicine website who advise that “after death the skin becomes pale and gray, and the tension inside the eye is lost, which leads to its relaxation if left open”. Logically Facts also carried out a fact checking investigation with similar conclusions.

Journalist Mohannad Rasheed interviewed the mother of the child. Anadolu Agency also spoke with the grandfather of the infant, Attiya Abu Amra, and the mother, Asmahan Attia Al-Zahar. The Kashif Observatory also verified the validity of the videos of the infant as well as the report of the infants death by speaking with the child’s grandfather Attiya, who said that his daughter (the child’s mother) “was breastfeeding him and he was in good health and was not complaining of any harm, but they were subjected to shelling from artillery and tanks, forcing them to escape. They transferred the child to Al Awda Hospital, which asked them to transfer him to Al Aqsa Hospital so that his martyrdom would be announced.” Asmahan told Al Araby News that “Israeli artillery bombed the house next to their house, and that she ran outside carrying her infant, and she most likely thought he was still asleep, but he had been killed.”

According to @ShehabAgency, the infant was killed in Nuseirat camp while others referred to the location as the “Al-Mughraqa area”.

Where sources identified the belligerent responsible, all sources attributed the attack to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Hani Al-Zahar محمد هاني الزهار
0.5 years old male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Nuseirat (النصيرات) camp, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450065, 34.392934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (57) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Gamal El-Din Rizk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Gamal El-Din Rizk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Gamal El-Din Rizk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jwan Jin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jwan Jin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Refugeesps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Refugeesps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Refugeesps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: WAFA Agency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: WAFA Agency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: WAFA Agency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: WAFA Agency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: WAFA Agency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: WAFA Agency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muthana Al NAjjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muthana Al NAjjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muthana Al NAjjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muthana Al NAjjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Logically Facts Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alijadallah Instagram
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lead Stories Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Getty Images
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Jerusalem News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Jerusalem News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Jerusalem News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Jerusalem News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @BenjaminGoggin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Shayan86
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Shayan86
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Shayan86
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Shayan86
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zoo_bear
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zoo_bear
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0984a

Incident date

November 8, 2023

Location

محيط شارع الصناعة, Vicinity of Al Sinaa Street, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.509642, 34.443460 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On November 8, 2023, two brothers – Muhammad Azmi al Rayees and engineer Muayyad Azmi al Rayees, as well as their cousin Fares Faza al Rayees, were killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike while trying to recover the body of their brother Dr. Maisara Al Rayees from the rubble of the Al Rayees family house in Gaza City.

Three days earlier, on November 5, their father Azmi al Rayees, their mother Enaya, their siblings Dr. Maisara, Uraib and Izza, as well as Izza’s three children, were killed by the first alleged Israeli airstrike on the family home. This incident is recorded in casualty assessment ISPT0905.

According to testimony posted on Facebook by Jaser Zourob, a friend of the late Dr. Maisara, ambulance personnel were unable to initially rescue family members due to the shortage of fuel and equipment. Therefore the two brothers tried to remove the bodies themselves in order to check whether “there was someone still breathing”. Jaser Zourob shared his loss of “Father Azmi Al Rayees, sons, Dr. Maisara, our friend, engineer Muayyad, his brother, sisters, and grandchildren. Each of them has a story, a dream, a goal, and an ambition. They are not just numbers, and we are not just numbers.”

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Muhammad Azmi Al-Rayes محمد عزمي الريس
male killed
Muayyad Azmi Al-Rayes مؤيد عزمي الريس
male Brother of Muhammad killed
Fares Faza Al-Rayes فارس الريس
male Cousin of Muhammad and Muayyad killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Sinaa Street (شارع الصناعة) in Gaza city (غَزَّة), and specify that the strike occurred at the site of a previous strike, assessed by Airwars with the code ISPT0905. Available imagery from each strike supports this conclusion. The exact coordinates for the previous strike are: 31.509642, 34.443460.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mohammedhaniya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mohammedhaniya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mohammedhaniya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jaser Zourob
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jaser Zourob
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jaser Zourob
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ola Kobbani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ola Kobbani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ola Kobbani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Leqa'a Al Saadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0459

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

مخيم البريج, Bureij camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.437934, 34.403857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Sunday, October 22nd 2023, a number of civilians were reportedly injured and killed, including a 24-year-old civilian named Salama Muhammad al-Owaidat, when an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the Abu Helou house located at Al-Awadhi junction of Block 7 in the Bureij Camp in the Gaza Strip. The precise number of victims remains unknown, and only one victim has been identified.

Facebook user Muhammad Abd mourned the death of his friend on social media. The comment read, “The eyes shed tears and the heart grieves over your departure, O Salama. God is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs. May God accept you in the world. The martyr Salama Muhammad Al-Owaidat.” In a photo, shared alongside the comment, Salama Muhammad Al-Owaidat is depicted in a light blue blazer, shirt and jeans smiling warmly toward the camera.

Several news outlets and journalists, including Shehab Agency and East Now, reported that there were injured and a number killed due to the aircraft bombing at the Al-Awadhi junction in Al-Bureij Camp. However, there is no further detail on the additional victims killed or on the number of wounded.

Shortly after the incident appeals were made by social media users and journalists for ambulances to go to Al-Bureij camp. Facebook user Read Sharab, quoting a Quds News correspondent, posted that “appeals for ambulances to go to Block 7 in Bureij camp” were being made.

Where possible, names have been reconciled with published Palestinian Ministry of Health lists. With thanks to journalist Alexandre Horn from CheckNews for identifying relevant sources, and Data Tech for Palestine for centralising the datasets.

Where the sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Salama Muhammad al-Owaidat سلامة محمد العويدات
24 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804677945

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Block 7 being struck in the vicinity of Al Awadhi junction (مفترق العوضي), allegedly located within Bureij camp (مخيم البريج). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bureij camp are: 31.437934, 34.403857.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abd
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Bureij official page

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0451

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

النصيرات, Nuseirat camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450065, 34.392934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Sunday evening October 22nd, 2023, at least 48 civilians, including at least 24 children and 11 women, were killed and at least three children were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the house of Dr. Khaled al-Bayaa, located west of Nuseirat camp in the Gaza Strip. Dr. al-Bayaa was killed alongside his wife, their eight children and six grandchildren, and was survived by only two of his grandchildren, Dareen and Kenan. Ten children were reported missing after the strike.

The bombing was first reported just before 9pm, and was said to have resulted in injuries and numerous casualties, with reports indicating that dozens of victims, including fatalities, were trapped under the rubble in the hours following the strike. Urgent appeals were made through various sources, including the Shehab Agency and Abdul Rahman al-Abadla, calling for ambulances and civil defense to assist in the aftermath of the attack. A Twitter/X user @HaidarAkarar wrote that the civilans who were killed and wounded were rushed to were rushed to Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital.

The victims were all identified as members of the Al-Bayaa family. Relatives and friends shared messages online mourning the loss of their loved ones.

The incident prompted expressions of grief from the community, with posts mourning the deaths of family members, including children. A comprehensive list of names was provided by the Facebook user Ayman Salama, detailing the individuals who lost their lives in the bombing, as well as those injured. Ayman Salama added that ten children were missing.

61-year Dr. Khaled Saeed Salamah al-Bayaa was killed alongside his wife, 56-year old A’mal Ghulam Al-Din al-Bayaa, their eight children and six grandchildren. Specifically, the couple lost their 35-year old son Mohamed Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa,  30-year old son Hamed Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa, 21-year old son Hassan Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa, and 19-year old son Salah Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa as well as four daughters: Sumaya Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa (40), Heba Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa Kabaja (37), Iman Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa (possibly 28), and Amina Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa.

Hamed Khaled Al-Bayaa was remembered in the Facebook testimonies by Anas Saidam and Ahmed Al-Deraw who called him their brother and friend. He is seen in the images below as a young smiling man with his son and with a friend.

Among the grandchildren, two sons of Mohammed al-Bayaa — 11-year old Suhaib Mohammed Khaled al-Bayaa and 13-year old Khaled Mohammad Khaled al-Bayaa — were killed along with their sisters, Mohammed’s daughters — Amal Mohammad Khaled al-Bayaa (possibly 9-10) and 2-year old Tuleen Muhammad Khaled al-Bayaa. Among the grandchildren of Khaled and Amal who were killed were also two of Hamid’s children: his son Karam Hamid Khaled al-Bayaa (4) and daughter Carmel Hamid Khaled al-Bayaa (2).

58-year old Walid Saeed Salamah al-Bayaa and his wife 54/55-year old Itidal Ghulam al-Din al-Bayaa were killed along with their two sons, Ahmed Walid Saeed al-Bayaa (possibly 22-23), Anas Walid Saeed al-Bayaa and daughter Hanaa Walid Saeed al-Bayaa (22). Their son Kenan Anas Walid al-Bayaa (child) and 11-year old daughter Dareen Anas Walid al-Bayaa were injured.

A’mal Al-Bayaa and Itidal Ghulam al-Din al-Bayaa’s two sisters, Hiyam Ghulam al-Din al-Hindi al-Sayeed (50) and Khitam Ghulam al-Din al-Hindi, were also killed.

According to a tweet by the New York Times, eleven-year-old Dareen al-Bayaa, a survivor, lost dozens of her family members in the airstrike. Dareen survived along with her brother Kenan, but lost her parents, grandparents, uncles and aunts. In a video shared by user Nuha (devotedly.yours) on Tiktok, the injured Dareen was telling her story in tears. A small scar on her cheek and a large scar on her forehead could be seen.

Dareen said that her mother, her father, both of her grandmothers and grandfathers Khaled and Anas were killed while they were staying in their house, and only she and her brother survived. She added that Israeli forces did not tell civilians to evacuate and bombed them while they were staying in the house.

The attack also took the lives of the late Hanaa’s husband, Saher Saeed al-Sayed (29), his brother Ahmed Saeed al-Sayed (12), and the children of Hana and Saher, two daughters Najma Saher al-Sayed (3) and Maymouna Saher al-Sayed, possibly less than a year old. According to the list by Ayman Salam, Najma and Maymouna were both children.

Saher, Ahmed and Hana and their children were mentioned in the condolence message posted on Facebook by the brother of Saher and Ahmed, Taher Saeed Al-Sayed. He attached some images of the victims to his post. They were also mentioned in a tribute written by Maher El Sayed.

A cousin of the Facebook user Izzeddin Khaled, Hossam Walid Kabaja, was killed along with his two daughters Rahaf Hossam Walid Kabaja (possibly 15-16) and Sama Hossam Walid Kabaja. Both girls have been described as under 18. His son Walid Hossam Walid Kabaja (possibly 8-9), and brother Abdul Aziz Walid Kabaja (possibly 18-19) were also killed. Hossam’s daughter, Roa Hossam Walid Kabaja (13) was reported as injured but due to the inclusion of their name in the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities, they likely died from their injuries. Izzeddin Khaled wrote his tribute to the late Hossam and his family.

Izzeddin Khaled also mentioned his other cousin, Muhammad Muhammad Ahmed Bahr who was killed along with his three sons: Ahmed Muhammad Ahmed Bahr, Moamen Muhammad Ahmed Bahr, and Mahmoud Muhammad Ahmed Bahr, and his two daughters: Moslima Muhammad Ahmed Bahr (possibly 15-16) and Mona Muhammad Ahmed Bahr. All of them except Mona were under the age of 18. He also mentioned that Mona’s children were killed. Presumably her children were the two twin girls, Farah Hammam Youssef Bahr and Marah Hammam Youssef Bahr. Both girls were possibly under a year old.

Among the victims killed were also four siblings: 7-year-old Malik Ahmed al-Shayah, Miral Ahmed al-Shayah, 5-year-old Nesma Ahmed al-Shayah, and Muhammad Ahmed al-Shayah.

Social media testimonies mentioned a child Walid Anas al-Bayaa (possibly 8-9), Safaa Talal al-Bayaa (possibly 32-33) and a 56-year-old woman Amal Muhammad Ghulam al-Din al-Bayaa among the killed, and a child Areej Abdullah Salim Abdeen among the injured.

Some of those killed were reportedly family members of Hamas Commander Abu Hamza al-Hindi who appeared to have been killed in a separate incident. In a photograph from Facebook user Maher El Sayed, he can be seen with a gun. Another individual, younger looking than al-Hindi, appears to be in police uniform. As this is not an indication of militant status, Airwars has not included a belligerent in our range – though we will update this should further information come to light.

Airwars was able to identify the names of 47 people killed in the strike, however a post from Abu Ismail Al-Bayaa identified “more than 70 martyrs” in the attack on their uncle Khaled’s house. The upper casualty range has therefore been estimated as 71 fatalities.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023. Other ages have come from the Shireen fatalities list; some of these specify different dates of death, though the names are exactly the same. In this case, ages have been marked as “possibly.” It is possible their deaths were discovered on this later date, or that they had been buried under rubble until then.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 8:30 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (17)

Khaled Saeed Salamah al-Bayaa خالد سعيد سالم البياع
61 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 944157676
A’mal Muhammad Ghulam al-Din al-Bayaa امال غلام الدين البياع
56 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 944335686
Mohamed Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa محمد خالد سعيد البياع
35 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802092825
Suhaib Mohammed Khaled al-Bayaa صهيب محمد خالد البياع
11 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 433248382
Khaled Mohammad Khaled al-Bayaa خالد محمد خالد البياع
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 431289248
Amal Mohammad Khaled al-Bayaa امال محمد خالد البياع
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434791851
Tuleen Muhammad Khaled al-Bayaa تولين محمد خالد البياع
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445603111
Hamid Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa حميد خالد سعيد البياع
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804494565
Karam Hamid Khaled al-Bayaa كرم حميد خالد البياع
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 442886388
Carmel Hamid Khaled al-Bayaa كرمل حميد خالد البياع
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444305445
Hassan Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa حسن خالد سعيد البياع
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407974658
Salah Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa صلاح خالد سعيد البياع
19 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 409660271
Sumaya Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa سمية خالد سعيد البياع
40 years old female Bahr killed Matched to MoH ID 800336497
Heba Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa هبة خالد سعيد البياع
37 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 800601106
Iman Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa ايمان خالد سعيد البياع
28 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 400862355
Amina Khaled Saeed al-Bayaa امنة خالد سعيد البياع
Age unknown female killed
Walid Anas al-Bayaa وليد انس البياع
8 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 435160635

Family members (11)

Walid Saeed Salamah al-Bayaa وليد سعيد سلامة البياع
58 years old male killed
Itidal Ghulam al-Din al-Bayaa اعتدال غلام الدين البياع
54 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 944335694
Ahmed Walid Saeed al-Bayaa احمد وليد سعيد البياع
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 412628547
Anas Walid Saeed al-Bayaa انس وليد سعيد البياع
Age unknown male killed
Dareen Anas Walid al-Bayaa دارين انس وليد سعيد البياع
11 years old female injured
Kanan Anas Walid al-Bayaa كنان انس وليد سعيد البياع
Child male injured
Hanaa Walid Saeed al-Bayaa هناء وليد سعيد الباع
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 412628521
Saher Saeed al-Sayed زوج هناء ساهر سعيد السيد
29 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400800447
Najma Saher al-Sayed نجمة ساهر السعيد
3 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444986178
Maymouna Saher al-Sayed ميمونة ساهر السيد
0.6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444233779
Ahmed Saeed al-Sayed احمد سعيد السيد
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 433178332

Family members (6)

Hossam Walid Kabaja حسام وليد ع كباجة
Adult male killed
Rahaf Hossam Walid Kabaja رهف حسام وليد كباجة
15 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 425929874
Walid Hossam Walid Kabaja وليد حسام وليد كباجة
8 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 435130182
Sama Hossam Walid Kabaja سما حسام وليد كباجة
Child female killed
Roa Hossam Walid Kabaja روئ حسام وليد كباجة
13 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 431315084
Abdul Aziz Walid Kabaja عبد العزيز وليد كباجة
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421146721

Family members (2)

Hiyam Ghulam Al-Din al-Hindi هيام غلام الدين البياع
50 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 929554947
Khitam Ghulam al-Din al-Hindi ختام غلام الدين البياع
Adult female killed

Family members (8)

Muhammad Muhammad Ahmed Bahr محمد احمد بحر
Adult male killed
Ahmed Muhammad Ahmed Bahr احمد محمد احمد بحر
Child male killed
Moamen Muhammad Ahmed Bahr مؤمن محمد احمد بحر
Child male killed
Moslima Muhammad Ahmed Bahr مسلمة محمد احمد بحر
15 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 426160289
Mona Muhammad Ahmed Bahr منى محمد احمد بحر
Adult female killed
Mahmoud Muhammad Ahmed Bahr محمود محمد احمد بحر
Child male killed
Farah Hammam Youssef Bahr فرح همام يوسف بحر
0.6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444043442
Marah Hammam Youssef Bahr مرح همام يوسف بحر
0.6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444043301

Family members (4)

Malik Ahmed al-Shayah مالك احمد الشياح
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 437105356
Miral Ahmed al-Shayah ميرال احمد الشياح
Child female killed
Nesma Ahmed al-Shayah نسمة أحمد الشياح
5 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 440631745
Muhammad Ahmed al-Shayah محمد أحمد الشياح
Child male killed

The victims were named as:

Areej Abdullah Salim Abdeen اريج عبدالله سالم عبدين
Child male injured
Safaa Talal al-Bayaa صفاء طلال البياع
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803212299
Amal Muhammad Ghulam al-Din al-Bayaa امل محمد البياع
56 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 944335686

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Nuseirat (النصيرات) camp, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450065, 34.392934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    48 – 71
  • (24–25 children11 women12–13 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas Saidam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Derawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Taher Saeed Al-Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Taher Saeed Al-Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Taher Saeed Al-Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maher El Sayed

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    48 – 71
  • (24–25 children11 women12–13 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0455

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

قريب من مقبرة القسام, Vicinity of Al Qassam cemetery, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450911, 34.393037 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 7:40 on Sunday morning, October 22nd 2023, a 68-year old Palestinian civilian Hajj Abdul Mohsen Abu al-Rous and his 6-year old grandson Majd Muhammad Abdul Mohsen Abu al-Rous were reportedly killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike on their home, located next to the Al-Qassam cemetery in the Nuseirat refugee camp, west of Rafah, in the Gaza strip.

@Qudspress reported that “planes bombed the homes of the […] Abu al-Rus family […] resulting in a number of martyrs and injuries.” No other sources mentioned injuries, or provided an injury toll.

Relatives of the family took to Facebook to confirm the death of their loved ones. Sami Abu Al-Rous posted a picture of his uncle Abdul Mohsen Abu al-Rous dressed in a suit in his workplace, and expressed his pain. Muhammad Issa Shukani posted on Facebook to mourn the loss of his two family members, attaching a picture of Abdul Mohsen Abu al-Rous and Majd Muhammad Abu al-Rous’ corpses lying on a white cloth. He wrote: “Majd, despite his young age, was martyred while raising his index finger”. Their funeral took place the following day, on Monday 23rd of October 2023 at Jabal Al-Shamali Pier, above Shukani Furniture.

The following day, on Monday 23rd of October 2023, Majd’s father and Abdul Mohsen’s son Abu Anas posted on Facebook expressing his sorrow at the death of his father and son, while also expressing gratitude that the rest of his family members were able to be pulled from the rubble. Two days later, on Wednesday 25th of October 2023, he expressed his pain in a Facebook post, attaching an image of him and his son Majd Muhammad Abu al-Rous, together and both smiling directly at the camera. He wrote “The last picture of me with Majd when he was one of the people of Earth. Majd is gone. May the most generous of us all rise (my beloved father, my role model, the crown of my head, Abu Imad, my son, and the delight of my liver, glory). May their souls rest in peace”.

The incident was further corroborated by local news outlets such as @MadeinGaza and @paltoday_tv.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces. According to the Facebook account “Made in Gaza”, the attack happened without prior warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 7:40 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Abdul Mohsen Abu Al-Rous عبد المحسن ابو الروس
68 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 950785543
Majd Muhammad Abu Al-Rous مجد محمد ابو الروس
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 438474322

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of Al Qassam cemetery (مقبرة القسام), within Nuseirat camp (النصيرات), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450911, 34.393037.Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sami Abu Al-Rous
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Issa Shukani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Issa Shukani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Issa Shukani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahlm ALfaraneh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahlm ALfaraneh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sami Abu Al-Rous
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @a_sallaj
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abu Al-Rous
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0466

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

بلوك 12 ,البريج , Block 12, Al Bureij, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.437934, 34.403857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A husband and wife were killed and four others injured after an alleged Israeli bombardment on Block 12 of the al-Bureij camp on October 22nd, 2023.

65-year old Arif Ahmed Al-Nabahin was killed with his wife, 59-year old Mona Abdel Rahman Al-Nabahin.

The strike was initially reported by Safa News at 10:36am, and has been described as both an aircraft bombing and an artillery strike. Other sources such as Al-Sharq News and Urgent Now corroborated the strike, reporting a “number of casualties and injuries.”  A Facebook post by Muhammad Jaber further alleged four people were injured; this has not been confirmed elsewhere. The same post also noted that it was difficult for ambulances to gain access to the site of the strike, and appears to have had to withdraw after thirty minutes of trying to reach the site.

Friends and relatives posted on social media to pay tribute to the victims. A post by Facebook user “Made in Gaza” remembered the couple, describing Mona as “virtuous” and asking for God to “have mercy on them.” A photo attached shows a smiling Arif.

A tribute by Arif’s childhood friend, Abu Basil Azara, included a photo of a young Arif standing with two friends.

Facebook user “Abu Ajwa’s assistant” wrote that the pain of such losses was a “sadness that does not stop.”

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:36 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Arif Ahmed Al-Nabahin عارف احمد النباهين
65 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 944335330
Mona Abdel Rahman Al-Nabahin منى عبد الرحمن النباهين
59 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 952071538

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Block 4, allegedly located within Al Bureij (مخيم البريج) camp. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Bureij are: 31.437934, 34.403857.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Made in Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Basil Azara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Ajwa's assistant
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The bridge brings us together
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Maysoon Muhammad Al-Nabahin post
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Momen Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Momen Mohammed

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (17) [ collapse]