Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0118

Incident date

October 11, 2023

Location

زنون, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.296854, 34.243508 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the evening of Wednesday, October 11, 2023, eight civilians belonging to two different families, including six children and one woman, were killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Zanoun and al-Ajez family houses located in the city of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip. A Watan correspondent reported that three residential apartments in the Carmel Tower, adjacent to Al-Shifa Hospital, west of Gaza City, were also attacked and seriously damaged.

According to the heartfelt Facebook testimony by Jihad Zanoun, his 36-year old cousin Adel Musa Zanoun was reportedly killed together with his five children – a fifteen-year old daughter Hana Adel Zanoun, a sixteen-year old daughter Shaza (Shatha) Adel Zanoun, a 13-year old son Mahmoud Adel Zanoun, a 1-year old son Yassin Adel Zanoun, and a 10-year old daughter Sajaa Adel Zanoun. The late Adel Musa Zanoun is portrayed smiling in the drivers seat of a car or a bus. Jihad added that this is already the second massacre in the Zanoun family.

The Zanoun family also mourned the death of Adel Musa and his sons in a Facebook post, wishing “glory and eternity to our righteous martyrs, and may God have mercy on them and make them dwell in His spacious paradise”. Adel’s brother, called Țặĥặ Țặĥặ on Facebook, and his cousin Shadi Zanon also grieved the death of Adel and his sons, having posted a picture of six bodies wrapped in one cloth, five of which are small enough to be children. Abdullah Attar shared pictures of the funeral prayer for the deceased members of the Zanoun family, which took place at Al-Najjar Hospital.

As a result of the airstrike on the al-Ajez family house, 48-year old Suzan Yahya Ibrahim Al-Ajez (al-Ajwzi), wife of Abu Uday Al-Ajez, was killed together with her two sons, 21-year old Yahya Emad Hassan Al-Ajez and 17-year old Abdullah Imad Hassan Al-Ajez.

Family and friends of the victims mourned their deaths. Suhaib Khaleb, a relative of the al-Ajez family, wrote on Facebook: “With hearts that believe in God’s will and destiny, three of the moons and martyrs of my family, the cousins, bleed to heaven”, posting pictures of the young and smiling Yahya and Abdullah. The same source referred to Yahya as “mujahid”, indicating that he was a militant and has therefore been excluded from the civilian harm count.

Abu Alabed, Abdullah Emad, Ibrahim Zurb and Ahmad ALjez also expressed their grief about the loss of Al-Ajez family members, posting pictures of the deceased Yahya and Abdullah.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. Multiple sources also reported that the strike happened without warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Adel Musa Zanoun عادل موسى زنون
36 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800686503
Hana Adel Zanoun هنا عادل زنون
15 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 426093985
Shaza Adel Zanoun شذى عادل زنون
16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424494912
Mahmoud Adel Zanoun محمود عادل زنون
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429567928
Yassin Adel Zanoun ياسين عادل زنون
1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444479067
Saja Adel Zanoun سجى عادل زنون
10 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 433767514

Family members (2)

Suzan Al-Ajwzi (Mother of Udai) سوزان العاجز ام عدي
48 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900803420
Abdullah Imad Hassan Al-Ajez عبدالله العاجز
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421316092

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (6 children1 woman1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jihad Zanoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Zanoun family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Taha Taha facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Taha Taha facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ABdullah Attar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ABdullah Attar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ABdullah Attar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shadi Zanon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shadi Zanon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Suhaib Khaled Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Suhaib Khaled Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Alabed facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALjez facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALjez facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Zurb facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Zurb facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim ABu Asem facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim ABu Asem facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Rafah (زنون), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.296854, 34.243508. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (6 children1 woman1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0122

Incident date

October 11, 2023

Location

خان يونس, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.346149, 34.303899 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On 11th of October, 2023, a 13 year-old girl Dima Hatem Maher Al-Qudra was killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the house of Hatem Al-Qudra located in the town of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip. The strike was also reported to have injured at least 60 civilians and damaged homes within the surrounding area.

The airstrike was reported by several different news agencies including the Shehab Agency, Nabd News, and Watan News, and all of them referred to more than 60 injured civilians. Hiba Salhiya reported via Facebook that “Nasser Hospital received 60 injuries in various cases”. However, the exact number of the injured civilians is unknown and will be updated by Airwars if new information becomes available.

On the 12th of October, the Qudra family mourned the death of Dima in a Facebook testimony, adding a picture where the girl is wearing a blue hijab: “Dima Hatem Al-Qudra, 13 years old, has ascended [to heaven],” the post said.

On the same day, Dima Hatem Al-Qudra’s teacher, Souad Sheikh Ahmad, posted his message of condolence on Facebook: “My distinguished student (Dima Hatem Al-Qudra) had advanced to the eighth grade… may God have mercy on your pure soul”.

The Al-Qudra family’s Facebook page also mentioned that the family had already lost two family members in previous strikes.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers, released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Dima Hatem Al-Qudra ديما حاتم القدرة
13 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 429810310

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    60–61
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kudra family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Souad Sheikh Ahmad facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.346149, 34.303899. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    60–61
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0124a

Incident date

October 11, 2023

Location

خان يونس, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.346149, 34.303899 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Wednesday, October 11th 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the Abu Shab family house in the town of Khan Yunis, killing eight family members, including five women and three children, and injuring up to 15 other civilians. The owner of the house, Omar Abu Shab Abu Rifaat, was severely injured and remained in intensive care as of the 11th October. This incident is closely connected to another incident, ISPT0124, which reflects civilian fatalities in a neighbouring house in a strike on the same day.

A 43-year old Hala Suleiman Awadallah Abu Shab (Shabab) was killed together with her daughters, 20-year old Rana Raif Salman Abu Shab (Shabab) and 23-year old Shaima Raif Salman Abu Shab (Shabab), as well as Shaima’s small daughter. Other victims included 23-year old Alaa Omar Suleiman Abu Shab (Shabab), as well as the wife of Rifaat Omar Salman Abu Shab (her name was not indicated in testimonies), and her children, a one-year old son Amir Rifaat Omar Salman Abu Shab (Shabab) and a three-year old girl Nagham Refaat Omar Salman Abu Shab (Shabab). Mahmoud Abu Rahma posted pictures of these two small children who lost their lives in the attack on Facebook.

The victims’ relatives and friends – Fadi Abu Khater, Om Fathi Abu Shab, Dahir ABu Shab, and Mamhmoud Saqr mourned the death of their loved ones in the testimonies on Facebook. Rakab family expressed its deepest condolensces to its neighbours, Abu Shab family.

Describing the attack on the two family houses (Abu Shab and Al-Agha, the latter described in another incident – ISPT0124), the Shehab Agency correspondent wrote about up to 15 injured civilians, but later the Wafa agency reported about “injury of dozens”.

Airwars recorded the identified victims members of Al-Agha family in another incident, coded as ISPT0124. Though, as some sources only provided a total number of victims from both family houses, there might be some overlap between the estimated number of civilians injured recorded in this incident and in ISP0124. Airwars will update both assessments once new information is available.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where a belligerent was identified, sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces. Sources report that the airstrike occurred without warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Hala Suleiman Awadallah Abu Shab هالة سليمان عوض الله ابو شاب
43 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 905306841
Rana Raif Salman Abu Shab رنا رئيف سلمان ابو شاب
20 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408991206
Shaima Raif Salman Abu Shab شيماء رئيف سلمان ابو شاب
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 406949693
Daughter of Shaima Raif Salman Abu Shab بنتها من عائلة الركاب
Child female killed
Alaa Omar Suleiman Abu Shab علاء عمر سليمان ابوشاب
23 years old female killed
Rifaat Omar Salman Abu Shab’s wife زوجة رفعت عمر سلمان ابوشاب و اطفالها
Adult female killed
Amir Rifaat Omar Salman Abu Shab امير رفعت عمر سلمان ابوشاب
1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 445716533
Nagham Refaat Omar Salman Abu Shab نغم رفعت عمر سليمان ابوشاب
3 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 442360657
Omar Abu Shab Abu Rifaat
injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children5 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Abu Rahma facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Fathi Abu Shab facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Fathi Abu Shab facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Fathi Abu Shab facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Fathi Abu Shab facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Fathi Abu Shab facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Fathi Abu Shab facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.346149, 34.303899. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children5 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0108

Incident date

October 11, 2023

Location

شوكة, Al Shouka, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.25864, 34.28244 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 11th 2023, an alleged airstrike/artillery strike by the Israeli military on the Fojo family house located in the Al-Shouka area, east of Rafah city in the Gaza Strip reportedly killed at least one civilian, 21-year old Osama Hani Youssef Fojo.

Human rights organisation Al Mezan noted that the Fojo family house was one of the homes to be destroyed in Rafah during a period of intense bombardment by Israeli forces.

The late Osama Hani Fojo was mentioned in a number of social media obituaries posted by friends and family members. His uncle Mohsen Ahmad Fojo wrote in a Facebook testimony: “My nephew, the beloved of my heart, my soul, a martyr, Osama Hani Fojo.” He also posted a video of Osama’s funeral. According to Mohsen, four of Osama’s siblings (Khaled, Muhammad, Ahmed, and Bosli) had also died but the post did not specify when. Nourdeen Shaweesh expressed his condolences to the neighbouring Fojo family on the death of their son.

Airwars was able to find Osama Fojo’s name among the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Usama Hani Fojo اسامة هاني فوجو
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 412314544

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohsen ahmad Fojo facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nourdeen Shaweesh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohsen Ahmad Fojo facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Shouka (شوكة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.25864, 34.28244. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0115

Incident date

October 11, 2023

Location

المغني, Al Mughni, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.418995, 34.349442 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the evening of Wednesday, October 11th, 2023, thirteen civilians across three generations of the extended Baraka family were killed and others were wounded in an alleged Israeli airstrike that destroyed the multi-storey family home in the Al-Mughni area, east of Deir al-Balah. The victims of the attack included at least six children, five women and two elderly people.

An 84-year old elderly man, Hajj Jabr Muhammad Baraka (Abu Khaled), was killed in the strike together with his 75-year old wife Haji Farhana Baraka. The attack also killed their son Shadi Jabr Baraka, their daughters Hanan Haber Baraka and Maysaa Jabr Baraka, their daughters-in-law Haya Sabri Baraka and Fadwa Salama Baraka and their grandchildren: the five granddaughters Sondos Tayser Baraka, Maya Shadi BarakaMary Shadi Baraka, Bayan Ahmed Baraka, and Marwa Ahmed Baraka, and a grandson Muhammad Ahmed Baraka.

Samir Baraka, a grandson of the late Jabr Muhammad Baraka Abu Khaled, confirmed that at least four of the children were young girls in a photo celebrating their lives, which was attached to his Facebook post. The grandson Haled Baraka, the grandson Ahmad Barakah, and the son Om Alaa wrote testimonies about the death of their family members on Facebook. The Baraka family also mourned the death of the thirteen family members in a Facebook post, asking God for mercy and forgiveness for them.

An initial report on October 11th by Saba News confirmed that four victims had been killed, ‘including two women and a girl’. Nabd news later reported that the number of victims had risen to five. That same day in a Twitter/X post a user Ahmed Baraka reported the figure had risen to seven members of the Baraka Family. On the 12th October most sources identified at least 13 victims. Twitter/X user Ali Ibrahim wrote that 13 Palestinians were found dead under the rubble of the building that was destroyed. Only one source, Algad.TV, mentioned the “wounded” but did not specify how many.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (13)

Jabr Muhammad Baraka Abu Khaled جبر محمد بركة ابو خالد
75 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 975331513
Farhana Baraka فاطمة بركة
75 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 975331521
Shadi Jabr Baraka شادي جابر بركة
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800266496
Hanan Haber Baraka حنان حبر بركة
46 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900492000
Maysaa Jabr Baraka ميساء جابر بركة
Adult female killed
Haya Baraka هيا بركة
Adult female killed
Fadwa Baraka
40 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 926713132
Sondos Tayser Baraka سندس تيسير بركة
11 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 432367407
Maya Shadi Baraka مايا شادي بركة
11 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 433492394
Mary Shadi Baraka ماري شادي بركة
female killed
Bayan Ahmed Baraka بيان احمد بركة
female killed
Marwa Ahmed Baraka مروة احمد بركة
female killed
Muhammad Ahmed Baraka محمد احمد بركة
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 432364867

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13
  • (6 children5 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir Baraka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir Baraka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir Baraka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir Baraka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nabd ALsharqiya facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Baraka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraka family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Alaa facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Alaa facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Om Alaa facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Baraka facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Barakah facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Barakah facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Mughni (المغني) area, allegedly located east of Deir Al Balah (دير البلح). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Deir Al Balah are: 31.418995, 34.349442.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13
  • (6 children5 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0077

Incident date

October 10, 2023

Location

بئر النعجة, Bir Al Najah, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.541901, 34.488035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Journalist Salam Khalil Mayma/Mima (33 years old), along with her husband Muhammad al-Masry, their two sons Hadi al-Masry (7 years old) and Ali al-Masry (five years old), and their daughter Sham al-Masry (2 years old) were reportedly killed on October 10th 2023 in an alleged Israeli airstrike on their home in Al Na’ja, situated in the eastern area of Jabalia Refugee Camp in northern Gaza.

Alhurra News reported the death of Salam Khalil Mayma and her family in a longer article citing journalists killed in the conflict so far. Alhurra News reported that Salam Khalil Mayma was the head of the Women Journalists’ Committee within the Palestinian Journalists Syndicate.

Eye on Palestine posted a photo of the family together on Facebook. A number of other posts to social media, primarily Facebook, mourned the death of the family with many posting photos of them. Tawfiq Al Halabi also posted photos of Muhammad al-Masry on Facebook, commemorating the death of his friend and colleague.

The Coalition for Women in Journalism indicated that the bodies of Salam and Hadi were pulled out from the rubble on October 13th, while rescuers were still searching for Salam’s daughter. Some Facebook posts alleged that Muhammad al-Masry and his daughter Sham al-Masry survived the initial impact of the alleged airstrike and were calling to each other under the rubble. BBC and the Coalition for Women in Journalism reported that Ali, five years old, was rescued and survived the bombing, quoting the Mima family. However, other social media posts and news reports on October 13th later confirmed the death of all five family members.

Alhurra News reported that a total of four Palestinian journalists, including Salam Khalil Mayma, were killed on 10 October in alleged Israeli airstrikes that were said to have hit residential buildings. Alhurra claimed that Salam Khalil Mayma was the eighth journalist to be killed in the conflict.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Muhammad al-Masry محمد المصري
male killed
Salam Khalil Mayma سلام خليل ميمة
33 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802820001
Hadi al-Masry هادي المصري
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 437003122
Ali al-Masry علي المصري
5 years old male unclear if he was killed or injured killed
Sham al-Masry شام المصري
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445433667

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (2–3 children1 woman1 man1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Eye on Palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nasser
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nasser
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Oudnoun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tawfiq Al Halabi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sahar Ramadn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sahar Ramadn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sahar Ramadn
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Banzart Fm
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullrazaq Mohammed Khudur
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Shaymaa Al Mousawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    source: @doamuslims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    source: @fidaazaanin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OnlinePalEng
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Bir Al Na’jah (بئر النعجة), west of Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bir Al Na’jah are: 31.541901, 34.488035.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (2–3 children1 woman1 man1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0081

Incident date

October 10, 2023

Location

الشيخ رضوان, Sheikh Radwan neighbourhood, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.536752, 34.465399 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 10, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike killed 20 identified civilians, including four women and at least ten children, and wounded dozens of civilians who stayed at the Al Naffar family’s house on Al-Sahaba Street in the Sheikh Radwan neighbourhood of Gaza city. Fifteen victims of the attack belonged to the extended Al Naffar family, including the family’s grandmother and a mother with her six children. Several members of the Al-Kafarna family – described as displaced civilians originally from Sheikh Radwan – were also among those killed and injured in the same attack, including a pregnant woman.

The exact number of injured civilians is unknown, but according to a relative of the Al Naffar family, Mahmoud Al Naffar, “a major massacre in his cousins’ house without warning left dozens of martyrs and wounded”. His Facebook post also included a video of an infant being pulled from the rubble. Airwars identified the names of at least two women and one man injured, alongside the named fatalities.

Al Naffar Family

Islam Al Naffar announced the death of her entire Al Naffar family in a Twitter post that was later re-shared by Shehab Agency. She also expressed her unbearable pain over the loss of her loved ones in a Facebook post, featuring pictures and videos of her perished relatives. “My heart aches for you, my beloved ones, why did you go and leave me? Goodbye, my soul, goodbye, my beloved, goodbye, my life”, – she wrote.

The bombardment killed a mother of six children, Amal Al-Naffar (Al-Maaswbi), and all her children, namely, her four sons – Hamza Al-Maaswbi, Bader Al-Din Al-Maaswbi, Basheer Al-Maaswbi, and Abdul Rahman Al-Maaswbi, and two daughters, Jinan Al-Maaswbi and Asil Al-Maaswbi. Her husband Mohammmad Abo Hamza wrote in a powerful testimony on Facebook: “My wife, my soul, the joy of my heart, my life partner, Amal Al-Nafar. And my beloved children, we were like friends: Hamza, Jinan, Asil, Abdul Rahman, Bader Al-Din, and Basheer Al-Maaswabi. By God, the eyes will shed tears and the heart will grieve.”

Zakawa kitchen wrote a touching testimony on Facebook about Amal’s dreams and aspirations to study. “She got married at an early age, and her dream was to go to school. She gave birth to six children, and that only increased her insistence on studying until God granted her the grace to sit the high school exams with her eldest son, Hamzah, and obtain an average of 78%. But she was not able to share the joy of achieving the dream, as yesterday she became a martyr… It was as if she was saying to the world: I will not leave without my children.”

Relatives of Amal Al-Naffar also reportedly killed consisted of Ibrahim Al Naffar, his wife, their son Khalil Al Naffar and their daughter. Abo Nizar remembered the family in a Facebook testimony.

Iman Khalil, described as a grandmother of the extended Al Naffar family who was also killed in the airstrike, was remembered by her nephew Abo Kareem Mohammed in a Facebook post: “The martyrdom of my aunt Iman, her children, grandchildren and daughter May God have mercy on you, my aunt, you, Amal, and everyone. Our Lord chose you as martyrs”.

The airstrike also took the lives of Momen Al Naffar (Abu Anas), killed together with his wife Fatima Al Naffar and their infant son Anas Al Naffar. The family friend Roba Mohammaed Abo Hashem wrote on Facebook: “May God have mercy on you, forgive you, and accept you, my love.” Momen Al Naffar was also mourned by his brother Tareq El Akhras.

Al-Kafarna family 

Relatives of the family announced the deaths of at least five members of the Al-Kafarna family, including a pregnant woman, and three others injured. According to Sofian Tafesh, these victims were originally from Beit Hanoun, and were living in Sheikh Radwan neighborhood after being forcibly displaced from their homes. Sources identified among those killed engineer Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali,  his son Ali Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna, his son Misbah Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna, Ali and Rashid’s brother-in-law Rashid Rushdi Dabour. The latter was described as a member of the Fatah youth by Mohammed Majed.

Floura Al Masri initially additionally identified Muhammad’s wife Nihad (Oum Ali), their children, and Mohammad’s brothers-in-law as having been killed, but later edited her post to clarify that Nihad and her son Alaa Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna and Nihad’s daughter were still alive and had only been injured. Several sources indicated that they were undergoing a medical operation, with Rafiq Fadi noting that the mother and her daughter were “undergoing intensive treatment in an operating room”. Mohanad M Elmasri posted on Facebook: “Praise be to God, my friend Alaa Muhammad Al-Kafarna is ok” alongside a picture of Alaa with a bandaged arm and blood on his face sitting outside.

Alaa Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna announced on social media that his pregnant wife, identified as Douaa Muhammad Ahmad Taha Al-Kafarna, was killed in a heartfelt message posted on Facebook. Douaa was described by Beit Hanoun Girls Secondary School as an “outstanding and polite student.”

Zakaria Al Kafarna called the attack a “massacre”.

Other victims identified

Among the victims of the bombardment was also Youssef Refaat Amer – a student of Nour Al Bayan Center in the Radwan Martyrs Mosque. The management of the Nour Al-Bayyan Center wrote a testimony about him. Though pictures of him were published, Youssef’s age was not provided by the sources – as such Airwars estimated the number of children killed to range between ten and eleven.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces

The exact time of the incident is unknown.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (15)

Amal Al Naffar (Al-Maaswbi) أمل النفار
Adult female killed
Hamza Al-Maaswbi حمزة المعصوابي
Child male Amal 's son killed
Bader Al Din Al-Maaswbi بدر الدين المعصوابي
Child male Amal 's son killed
Basheer Al-Maaswbi بشير المعصوابي
Child male Amal 's son killed
Abdul Rahman Al-Maaswbi عبدالرحمن المعصوابي
Child male Amal 's son killed
Jinan Al-Maaswbi جنان المعصوابي
Child female Amal 's daughter killed
Asil Al-Maaswbi أسيل المعصوابي
Child female Amal 's daughter killed
Ibrahim Al Naffar ابراهيم النفار
29 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804795565
Ibrahim Al Naffar's wife
Adult female killed
Khalil Ibrahim Al Naffar خليل النفار
2 years old male Ibrahim's son killed Matched to MoH ID 445843436
Ibrahim Al Naffar's daughter
Child female killed
Iman Khalil ايمان خليل
Child female killed
Momen Al Naffar (Abu Anas) مومن النفار
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408439347
 Fatima Al Naffar فاطمة النفار
Adult female Momen's wife killed
Anas Al Naffar أنس النفا
Child male Momen and Fatima's infant son killed

Family members (8)

Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali محمد علي الكفارنة
Adult male killed
Ali Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna علي محمد علي الكفارنة
Adult male Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali's son killed
Misbah Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna مصباح محمد علي الكفارنة
Adult male Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali's son killed
Rashid Rushdi Dabour رشيد دبور
Adult male Ali and Misbah's brother-in-law killed
Nihad, Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali's wife
Adult female injured
Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali's daughter
Adult female injured
Alaa Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna علاء محمد علي الكفارنة
Adult male Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna Abu Ali's son injured
Douaa Muhammad Ahmed Taha Al-Kafarna دعاء محمد أحمد طه الكفارنة
17 years old female pregnant Alaa Muhammad Ali Al-Kafarna's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 424059764

The victims were named as:

Youssef Refaat Amer يوسف رفعت عامر
Child male unclear if Youssef is a child or an adult killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (10–11 children4 women6 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (44) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @WAFA_PS
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: C.Q.S.AMAN
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bashar Ahmad Taleb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bashar Ahmad Taleb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bashar Ahmad Taleb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bashar Ahmad Taleb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bashar Ahmad Taleb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam Al Naffar s for the killed too
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Maher Al Shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Maher Al Shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Maher Al Shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Kareem Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Kareem Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Kareem Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Zakawa kitchen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tareq El Akhras
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    source: Beit Hanoun school
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    source: Hossam Shbat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hossam Shbat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Majed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Majed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohanad M Elmasri

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Sheikh Radwan (الشهداء), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.536752, 34.465399. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (10–11 children4 women6 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0102k

Incident date

October 10, 2023

Location

جباليا, Jabalia, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.538711, 34.495107 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 10th, 2023, two civilians, including a child, were killed after alleged Israeli warplanes struck a residential building in the Jabalia refugee Camp.

Hisam Mohammed Al Amsi posted on Facebook that his nephew Ahmed Ayman Al-Amsi was reportedly killed in the airstrike. Defense for Children International (DCI) Palestine later added that Ahmed Ayman Al-Amsi was 16 years old. Hani Zomlot posted that Muhammad Mahmoud Dahlan (31 years old) was also killed in the strike. Multiple sources corroborated these being the names of the victims of this attack.

According to Safa.ps the house targeted within the strike was that of the Dahlan Family. DCI Palestine added that the airstrike destroyed the top two floors of the building.

Abdulrahman Al Batani posted on Facebook that the “tragedy shook our neighbourhood in the darkness of the night”. DCI Palestine later reported that the airstrike took place as 12:25am.

Multiple family members posted prayers and memorials on Facebook for the victims.

Where sources mentioned the belligerent, all blamed Israeli forces for the strike.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 12:25 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Mahmoud Yousef Dahlan محمد محمود دحلان
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803375807
Ahmed Ayman Al-Amsi أحمد أيمن العمصي
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424552784

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdulrahman Al Batani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdulrahman Al Batani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisam Mohammed Al Amsi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moath M. Irwished
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Akram
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Akram
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Arwished
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hani Zomlot
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sliman Dahlan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abeer Al Amsy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Jabalia are: 31.538711, 34.495107.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]