Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0050

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

بير النعجة, Bir Al Najah, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.541901, 34.488035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Monday, October 9th 2023, 18 civilians, all members of the Abu Obaid family, including at least seven children and seven women, were reported killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike on their home in the Bir al-Naja area west of the Jabalia refugee camp, northern Gaza Strip. Two combatants were also reported killed, also members of the Abu Obaid family.

Initial reportage from the Jordan News Agency and Shehab Agency reported the death of two women and a girl, whose bodies were received at the Indonesian Hospital, while adding that “others were injured.” Defence for Children International noted that the bombing was without warning, and reported the death of seven civilians, including three children – Ismail Mohammad Ismail Salah (7) and his cousins Malak Mohammad Nasser Abu Obaid (15 or 16), and Karam Yousef Nasser Abu Obaid (17 or 18), further stating that the neighbors said “there were approximately 15 to 20 people inside the building, including some who were seeking refuge.” A possible neighbor of the family posted on social media that “the martyrs were more than 10”, and other sources including Refugee SPS and WAFA News mentioned “a number of” casualties”, the latter stating the victims’ house was “behind the communications headquarters west of the city.”

Posts by the family’s relatives on twitter, revealed the names of 18 civilians killed in the incident: Muhammad Youssef Abu Obaid (20), Karam Youssef Abu Obaid (17 or 18), Hamza Rami Abu Obaid (20), his mother Sanaa Abu Obaid (46), Nasr Rami Abu Obaid (19), Moatasem Rami Abu Obaid (16), Hajja Fatima Abu Obaid Umm Rami (72), Safaa Nasr Abu Obaid, Islam Abu Obaid (22 years old), Malak Muhammad Nasser Abu Obaid (15 or 16), Fatima Rami Abu Obaid (22), Asmaa Rami Abu Obaid, Hanan Abu Obaid (Umm Najd) and her five children: Hassan, Ismail (7), Salah, and Najd – the fifth child was not named.

Along with the civilians killed, the Abo Obaid family Facebook page referred to two people killed as “mujahid”, understood by Airwars to indicate militant status: Nasr Youssef Abu Obaid Abu Rami (different to 19-year-old Nasr Rami Abu Obaid according to local sources) and Youssef Nasr Abu Obaid Abu Muhammad.

Relatives of the family mourned the loss on online platforms, sharing posts such as “As we, the Abu Obaid clan in the homeland and the diaspora, mourn with all pride, and majesty a constellation of martyrs of the Abu Obaid family and all the martyrs in Gaza”, and “A massacre against my family/Abu Obaid family in Bir al-Naja/There is no power but from God”. Others on social media also grieved the deaths, alleging that the entire family had been killed, with one source sharing “an entire family was erased from the civil registry due to the Abu Obaid massacre”.

Where possible, names of civilians have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

The incident occurred at approximately 6:45pm local time.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 6:45 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (18)

Muhammad Youssef Abu Obaid محمد يوسف ابو عبيد
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408662492
Karam Youssef Abu Obaid كرم يوسف ابو عبيد
17-18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422564930
Hamza Rami Abu Obaid حمزة رامي ابو عبيد
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408662492
Sanaa Abu Obaid سناء ابوعبيد ام حمزة
46 years old female Hamza's mother killed Matched to MoH ID 900608548
Nasr Rami Abu Obaid ناصر رامي ابوعبيد
19 years old male killed
Moatasem Rami Abu Obaid معتصم رامي ابوعبيد
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422841080
Hajja Fatima Abu Obaid Umm Rami الحاجة فاطمة ابو عبيد ام رامي
72 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 964805741
Safaa Nasr Abu Obaid صفاء ناصر ابوعبيد
Adult female killed
Islam Abu Obaid اسلام ابوعبيد
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407746361
Malak Muhammad Nasser Abu Obaid ملاك محمد ابوعبيد
15-16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 422841080
Fatima Rami Abu Obaid فاطمة رامي ابوعبيد
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407667260
Asmaa Rami Abu Obaid اسماء رامي ابوعبيد
Adult female killed
Hanan Abu Obaid (Umm Najd) حنان ابوعبيد
Adult female killed
Hassan حسان
Child male Hanan's son killed
Ismail اسماعيل
7 years old male Hanan's son killed
Salah صلاح
Child male Hanan's son killed
Najd نجد
Child Hanan's child killed
Hanan's fifth child
Child killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (7–8 children7 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Obaid family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadia Abo Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraa Abu Omar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Obaid family facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Bir Al Na’jah (بئر النعجة), west of Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bir Al Na’jah are: 31.541901, 34.488035.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (7–8 children7 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0056

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

بيت لاهيا, Beit Lahiya, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.551277, 34.509233 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the evening of October 9th, 2023, up to 15 members of the al-Madhoun family, including two women and eleven children, were killed as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on the al-Madhoun family home located behind the Golden Hall in the Americana area west to the town of Beit Lahyia in the northern Gaza Strip. According to the Defense for Children Palestine (DCI Palestine) report, the attack on the two-story family house happened without a prior warning.

Initially the family members and “Al-Araby Al-Jadeed” correspondent reported about 14 people killed. “The entire family was removed from the civil registry and registered with the Immortals” wrote their relative Fayeq al-Madhoun on Facebook. A family member Ahmad al-Madhoun wrote on the social media platform “X” to confirm the death of the 14 members of the al-Madhoun family, posting the picture of the rubble which used to be the family house. He wrote: “14 members of my family were martyred in a massacre and direct bombing of the Al-Madhoun family home in the Sudaniya area, including children and women!”.

Later, local news agencies Shehab Agency, Wafa News, Daqiqa News reported that the Israeli military bombed the home of the two brothers Dr. Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun and Dr. Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun, subsequently leading to their death and the death of 13 other family members of the al-Madhoun family, including Muhammad’s wife and six children and Ahmed’s wife and five children. The brothers’ cousin Abu Habib shared testimony on Facebook posting the pictures of the two brothers who lost their lives in the attack.

The following day, on October 10th, a family member Abu Mohammed Madhoun confirmed on Facebook that the six children of Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun killed in the airstrike were: Fatima Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (female, child, 7), Amani Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (female, child, 4), Mahmoud Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 9), Akram Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 10), Karam Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child 3), Watan Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 1), alongside Amal Mahmoud Zayed al-Zaanin (al-Madhoun) (female, 39 years old) – likely to be Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun’s wife. The source added that specialised teams continued to search for the remaining members of the family under the rubble of their home.

Sources on the ground told correspondents for the Palestinian News Agency ‘Wafa’ that the brothers’ father Akram Musa Al-Madhoun, their mother and two brothers were killed by an alleged Israeli bombing of the neigbouring house during the 2021 Israeli campaign in the Gaza Strip. However, their relative Douha Madhoon wrote on Facebook that in fact their father, their younger brother Abdullah, and Muhammad’s first wife were killed at that time, while their mother had died of cancer years ago.

The deaths of so many members of the al-Madhoun family was reported on by relatives across the globe. In Australia, a family relative Hadeel al-Madhoun spoke to the Sydney Morning Herald to tell the story of her father learning of the loss of life of at least 14 family members through an Al Jazeera report. “A 78-year old Mousa al-Madhoun was sitting in the loungeroom of his Mickleham home, in Melbourne’s northern suburbs, watching Al Jazeera, when a reporter announced an Israeli missile had destroyed the Al-Madhoun family compound in Beit Lahia, an area in the northern part of the territory, killing 14 people. He dropped the cup of coffee he was holding, stared at the screen and started crying”, she told Sydney Morning Herald.. The brothers who owned the house were Mousa’s cousins. Hadeel Al-Madhoun told the Australian reporters that she had lost at least 33 family members in Gaza since the Israeli bombardment began. “I don’t think the world is really seeing what is happening,” she added.

A Palestinian American Hani Almadhoun who lives in Virginia learned Monday morning from a Telegram chat that an Israeli airstrike killed at least 14 members of his family, including five children and elderly relatives. “Death comes very fast,” Almadhoun told HuffPost. “We don’t get any solidarity.” Before he hadn’t been able to reach his family in Gaza for the last four days.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (15)

Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun احمد عبدالرحيم المدهون
Adult male killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's wife
Adult female killed
Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun محمد عبد الرحيم المدهون
Adult male killed
Fatima Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun فاطمة محمود عبدالرحيم مدهون
7 years old female Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 437271125
Amani Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun اماني محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
4 years old female Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 443264015
Mahmoud Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun محمود محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
9 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 435199542
Akram Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun اكرم محمد عبدالرحيم المدهون
10 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 433562261
Karam Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun كرم محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
3 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 445519606
Watan Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun وطن محمود عبدالرحيم مدهون
1 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 444362024
Amal Mahmoud Zayed al-Zaanin (al-Madhoun) امل محمود زايد الزين المدهون
39 years old female likely to be Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 800343642

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (11 children1–2 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Mohammed Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamza Madhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Habib facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Habib facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fayeq al madhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the Americana (الأمريكي) area, allegedly located west of Beit Lahiya (بيت لاهيا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Beit Lahiya are: 31.551277, 34.509233

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (11 children1–2 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0060

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

قرب المسجد الكبير, Vicinity of the Grand Mosque, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.343624, 34.302462 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 9th, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit an area near the Grand Mosque in central Khan Yunis, in the southern Gaza strip, and an old municipality building in its vicinity, injuring civilians and reportedly killing a number of others. Wafa news reports that the Grand Mosque, which is one of the most important landmarks in the city of Khan Yunis, was attacked with several missiles, wounding a number of passers-by.

While there are no names of victims available within the sources, Shehab Agency, Ahram News, and Safa all reported that the strike had caused at least several injuries, while some sources (Abbad news) spoke about many injured civilians. Only one source, a tweet by @Mohamedmuhanna9, reported about the allegedly killed civilians: “The Grand Mosque in central Khan Yunis was targeted, and there were a number of injuries and martyrs at the scene”. As no clear number was provided regarding the number of civilians wounded, Airwars ranged the number of injured to be between two and ten based on an aggregation of multiple references to many injured civilians.

Multiple sources, including Abadd News, a Facebook user Albader, and 26 September Net, all alleged that Israeli forces intended to hit the mosque, while Shehab Agency and Najah TV alleged the strike was aimed at a house nearby the mosque. All sources claim the strike hit a civilian area within Gaza.

The exact time of the incident and further details about the victims are unknown. Airwars recorded a civilian harm incident the same day resulting in the deaths of at least several civilians and in the destruction of the old municipality building of Khan Yunis, which is adjacent to the Grand Mosque. As at least one source mentioned “several strikes”, this incident has been coded separately as ISP0045. Given the proximity of the locations of both incidents, and the lack of details regarding the victims of ISPT0060, it is possible that some of the casualty figures tracked here overlap. Airwars will update both incidents should new information come to light.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Grand Mosque (المسجد الكبير) in the city of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.343624, 34.302462. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0067

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

مسجد القبة, Vicinity of Al Qubba Mosque, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.364056, 34.278227 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the evening of Monday, October 9th, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike struck the three-story Qannan family home located near the Al-Qubba Mosque in the Al-Mawasi area of the town of Khan Yunis, Gaza strip, killing up to 10 members of the family, including five children and three women, one of whom was pregnant. According to an Elbalad news report referring to the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the deadly attack happened without prior warning.

Professor Muhammad Issa Muhammad Qannan (“Abu Issa”) was killed together with his 71 year-old wife Professor Zuhdiyah Mahmud Muhammad Qannan (“Umm Issa”) (also referred to as Zuhdiya Mahmoud Darwish Qannan), their 46-year old daughter Wissal Muhammad Issa Qannan, their 40-year old son, engineer Mahmoud Muhammad Issa Qanan (Abu Jihad), Mahmoud’s pregnant wife Khitam Abu Odeh (possibly a 36-year old Khatam Sameer Abdul Rahman Qannan, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry), and the five children of Mahmoud and Khitam.

Among the deceased children of Mahmoud and Khitam are a daughter Mayar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (12 years old), a son Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (10 years old), a daughter Reem Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (7 years old), a son Omar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (5 years old), and a daughter Lina Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (3 years old).

The late Professor Muhammad Issa Muhammad  Qannan (“Abu Issa”) was a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Asqalan Association and was described as a “sincere and generous professor” in a Facebook post in the group “Society of Asqalan people”.

Initially the news sources, including Alghad news, Elbalad news and Wafa news as well as Twitter/X accounts reported that eight members of the family were killed and their bodies were transported to Nasser hospital. However, on October 11, 2023 Shehab Agency reported that two additional bodies were recovered from under the rubble of the Qannan family home, thus increasing the number of victims to ten. According to @Zakariya, more than 20 ambulances rushed to the site of the strike at the Qannan home.

Family members and friends expressed their sadness about the tragic incident in Facebook posts. Nisreen Abu Kawalek wrote in her testimony about the devastating losses for her husband, a surviving member of the Qannan family: “With patient and hopeful hearts, we received the news of the martyrdom of my husband’s family (my husband’s mother, my husband’s father, my husband’s sister, my husband’s brother, his wife, and his five children)”.

A surviving son, Areeg Qannan, honoured the memory of his parents and siblings in a Facebook post, mourning the death of his “father, the crown of my head, and my pride, Professor Muhammad Issa Muhammad Qanan (Abu Issa)”, his “mother, the pulse of my life, my companion, and my refuge after God, the able professor/Zahdia Mahmoud Darwish Qanan (Umm Issa)”, and his “caring brother, of beautiful character and good influence, Engineer Mahmoud Muhammad Issa Qannan”. Sefyan Awda posted the pictures of the young children who lost their lives in the attack.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (10)

Muhammad Issa Muhammad Qannan (“Abu Issa”) محمد عيسى محمد قنن (ابوعيسى
Adult male killed
Zuhdiyah Mahmud Muhammad Qannan (“Umm Issa”) زهدية محمود درويش قنن (ام عيسى
71 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 937370658
Wissal Muhammad Issa Qannan وصال محمد عيسى قنن
46 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 950603894
Mahmoud Muhammad Issa Qanan (Abu Jihad) محمود محمد عيسى قنن (ابو جهاد )
40 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801024969
Khitam Abu Odeh ختام سمير ابو عوده
36 years old female pregnant killed Matched to MoH ID 800668675
Mayar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan ميار محمود محمد قنن
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 431459163
Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan محمد محمود محمد قنن
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 433425428
Reem Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan ريم محمود محمد قنن
7 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437413669
Omar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan عمر محمود محمد قنن
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440572014
Lina Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan لينا محمود محمد قنن
3 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 442936688

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (5 children3 women2–3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dalal ALyasser facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud ABu Alnoor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud ABu Alnoor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Qanan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Qanan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Askalan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of Al Qubba mosque (مسجد القبة), west of Khan Younis (خانيونس) city. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Qubba mosque are: 31.364056, 34.278227.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (5 children3 women2–3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0006

Incident date

October 7, 2023

Location

مستشفى الاندونيسي, Indonesian Hospital, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.535187, 34.509384 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the evening of October 7th 2023, an ambulance was allegedly damaged by an Israeli airstrike, killing two paramedics and injuring two others at the Indonesian hospital located in Jabalia, Gaza Strip.

Both paramedics were identified as 39-year-old Tariq Muhammad Ashour and 33-year-old Mahmoud Samih Abu Mashaykh. It has been reported that two other paramedics were injured in the strike.

A report from Palestinian Center for Human Rights Gaza provided similar information alongside Facebook posts from friends of the paramedics paying tribute to the victims.

The Indonesian hospital was also attacked earlier the same day, allegedly by Israeli forces.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. Both names were matched with the Ministry of Health list of names released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 21:41:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Tariq Muhammad Ashour طارق محمد عاشور
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 412619249
Mahmoud Samih Abu Mashaykh محمود سميح أبو مشايخ
33 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802636217

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Adel
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Housam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Qasem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gazza 24
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraa Mohammed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Indonesian Hospital (مستشفى الاندونيسي), within Jabalia (جباليا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.535187, 34.509384. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM403

Incident date

September 6, 2023

Location

Oodweyn, Galmudug, Somalia

Geolocation

4.888, 46.5106 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians, including up to five children and a woman, were killed and up to five others, including children, were injured during an operation that has been declared by the Somali government. The US has denied directly participating in the operation despite accusations of US drone/air strikes, while the Somali government has denied responsibility for the civilian casualties. The operation occurred in Oodweyn village on September 6, 2023.

Reuters reported that a suspected drone strike resulted in the death of five civilians and three al-Shabaab militants after the militants hid in a civilian home containing a family. Reuters quoted Somalia’s state news agency SONNA which reported that a woman and two children were killed by a landmine that was hidden in a civilian home by al-Shabaab militants. Local leader Farah Aden told Reuters that one of the militants knew the owner of the home and “They were seated outside the house and were busy enjoying meat and rice. As they ate the meat, the drone struck them. The house was not struck and civilians were not targeted. The civilians were hit by the shrapnel of the bomb.”

However, Amal Ali, a relative of the victims, told AP that the airstrike targeted an al-Shabaab vehicle as it was passing near a family home, killing a grandmother and five of her grandchildren, and the children’s father Dahir Ahmed confirmed the incident but not the details. The grandfather of the children, Ahmed Mohamud Shuuke, told VOA Somali that the children – four boys by his son and a girl from his daughter – were staying with his wife (their grandmother) the night of the strikes, and that he and the children’s parents were away that night. Shuuke said that “This disaster came upon them, and we don’t know where it came from” but that he thought that there had been an airstrike. He added that there were tracks of vehicles at the site of the incident the morning after, and that “Their bodies have been taken away. Up to now we don’t know their whereabouts,” including any surviving relatives.

Abdifatah Ali Halane, secretary-general of the El-Garas administration, told AP that the incident was a US airstrike and that the airstrike killed three people, including two al-Shabaab members, and injured five people, including four children. @AUC31 reported that seven civilians had been killed.

Al-Shabaab’s Politics & Provinces Office released a statement accusing the US of carrying out airstrikes and a ground raid at 10pm, which killed six civilians, including four children from the same family, a female relative, and their grandmother: Mus’ab Daahir Ahmed (3 years old), Abdirahman Daahir Ahmed (4 years old), Abdi Mahad Daahir Ahmed (5 years old), Abdiqani Daahir Ahmed (7 years old), Ikhlaas Ahmad (7 years old), Kaaha Takar Warsame (60 years old). The attack also resulted in wounded livestock.

The Somali Ministry of Information confirmed that an operation carried out in West El-lahelay resulted in the death of al-Shabaab militants Olol Ali Guled, the head of the al-Shabaab’s insurgent militia in Galmudug, Shuuke Ali Dheeg and Isse Barre. Shabelle Media Network reported that a total of five al-Shabaab militants, including Olol, were killed in the “joint” military operation between the Somali government and foreign partners.

AFRICOM released a statement two days after the operation, on September 8th, denying their responsibility for the civilian casualties: “On September 6, 2023, a Somali national force conducted a counter-terrorism operation in the vicinity of El-Lahelay, Somalia. The command’s initial assessment is that three al Shabaab leaders were killed as a result of the operation and, unfortunately, civilians were injured and killed in the vicinity of the operation. U.S. forces were not onsite for the operation and did not conduct air strikes during or in support of the operation. In response to a request from the Government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command medically evacuated injured civilians. The claim being spread by al Shabaab that U.S. forces caused the unfortunate harm to civilians is false.”

Major Jessica Tait from AFRICOM told VOA in an email that “The command’s initial assessment is that one woman and three children were killed at the site,” she said. “At the request of the government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command medically evacuated two injured children, with one surviving.” Tait added that US forces “did not fire at any time while conducting the medical evacuation.” Minister of Information Daud Aweis told VOA Somali that “The government has received reports that civilians were hurt. An investigation is ongoing to verify that. We can’t confirm yet until the investigation is done.”

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Mus'ab Daahir Ahmed
3 years old killed
Abdirahman Daahir Ahmed
4 years old killed
Abdi Mahad Daahir Ahmed
5 years old killed
Abdiqani Daahir Ahmed
7 years old killed
Ikhlaas Ahmad
7 years old killed
Kaaha Takar Warsame
60 years old female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike, Ground operation
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Agriculture
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 7
  • (3–5 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Location of operation/airstrikes on September 6, 2023. (Image posted by @HarunMaruf)
  • Statement from Somali government with reads: THE GOVERNMENT OF SOMALIA EXPOSED THREE SENIOR LEADERS WHO WERE EXCLUSIONS Mogadishu, September 07, 2023: In a special operation carried out by the National Army and the People's Defense Forces, three leaders who were responsible for the extra-religious activities of the Khawarij in Galmudug were killed. The raid that took place last night in West El-La Helay killed Ali Guled, who was the leader of the organization of the Kharijite rebels, Shuuke Ali Dheeg and Isse Barre who were also two wanted criminals. The mission was expertly negotiated and executed who broke the back of the Khawarij in general especially those hiding in Galmudug. The Somali government is grateful to the local people who helped facilitate the operation. The Government is committed to supporting the Somali people to punish the Khawarij conspirators who dare to harm the people and the country, and listen to the hard work to stay away from the Khawarij thoughts and actions. End
  • Images which reportedly show damage from airstrikes on the village of Oodweyn on September 6, 2023. (Image posted by @IbnSiqilli)
  • Images which reportedly show damage from airstrikes on the village of Oodweyn on September 6, 2023. (Image posted by @IbnSiqilli)
  • Images which reportedly show damage from airstrikes on the village of Oodweyn on September 6, 2023. (Image posted by @IbnSiqilli)
  • Images which reportedly show damage from airstrikes on the village of Oodweyn on September 6, 2023. (Image posted by @IbnSiqilli)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Oodweyn, for which the generic coordinates are: 4.888, 46.5106. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.  

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US Forces

On September 6, 2023, a Somali national force conducted a counter-terrorism operation in the vicinity of El-Lahelay, Somalia.

The command's initial assessment is that three al Shabaab leaders were killed as a result of the operation and, unfortunately, civilians were injured and killed in the vicinity of the operation.

U.S. forces were not onsite for the operation and did not conduct air strikes during or in support of the operation.

In response to a request from the Government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command medically evacuated injured civilians.

The claim being spread by al Shabaab that U.S. forces caused the unfortunate harm to civilians is false.

Somali Military Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Somali Military Forces
  • Somali Military Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike, Ground operation
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Agriculture
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 7
  • (3–5 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY033

Incident date

April 29, 2023

Location

حمص, Homs, Syria

Geolocation

34.640616, 36.707550 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On April 29th 2023 the Israeli military reportedly launched missiles which Syrian air defence systems reportedly shot down around 12:55 am in the city of Homs, Syria. There were discrepancies in the accounts of the incident, with some sources reported that three civilians were injured while other reported that four Syrian soldiers were injured.

Local sources varied on their descriptions of the strikes and their resulting damage. Most accounts corroborate the timeline of the missile being launched at midnight and shot down, igniting a petrol station, fuel tankers and trucks.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) also claimed that a munitions depot, under Hezbollah control was hit. SOHR – quoted in Aaswat News, Bladipresse, and Achrafieh News – verified that the missiles hit after midnight but claimed that it struck an ammunition depot belonging to the Lebanese “Hezbollah,” in the area of the Dabaa military airport in the countryside of Homs, which led to its complete destruction, as well as weapons trucks. There were a few accounts by the Observatory, including one claim by sources that the “the gas station belongs to a person affiliated with the Lebanese “Hezbollah”. The Observatory later reported that the incident injured “four Syrian soldiers, and destroying a truck carrying weapons belonging to (Hezbollah).” SOHR also reported that “violent explosions were heard as a result of the explosion of the ammunition stored in the warehouse, and fires were seen burning at the site, without information about human losses so far.”

A tweet from @aabnour quoted Intel Times Hebrew that identified the location as “a military convoy belonging to the Lebanese Hezbollah, which was parked at the “Shahr Al-Alewi” gas station near the town of Shinshar on the Damascus-Aleppo road.”

Military sources, who were quoted by Aaswat News, Syrian Arab News Agency (Syrian regime-controlled news), BBC, Almehwar News and other media, claimed that three civilians were injured. Social media posts captured the fire outbreaks.

According to an Israeli website quoted on Halab Today TV,  the missile was prompted by an “Antonov 74” medium sized Iranian cargo plane’s activity in the area.  The IDF did not comment officially on this strike. Homs is near three air defense bases, one of which is in Shinshar, and two are near the suburb of Al-Andalus.

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 12:55 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Gas facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Hezbollah
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–4

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Israeli strikes on Homs on April 29, 2023. (Posted by Achrafieh News)
  • Location of the strike, posted by @HalabTodayTV.
  • Alleged Israeli strikes on Homs on April 29, 2023. (Image posted by Lebanese-forces)
  • Location of the strike, provided by Intel Times Hebrew and posted by @aabnour
  • Alleged Israeli strikes on Homs on April 29, 2023. (Image posted by @AlarabyTV)
  • Israel bombed weapons depots in Homs, Syria, tonight. The bombing was the heaviest in years
  • From #Homs, last night - side effects indicate what was in storage

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention an vehicles being struck in the vicinity of Shaher Alolaiwi Station (محطة شاهر العليوي). According to research conducted by @aabnour, the potential location of this strike is: 34.640616, 36.707550. Cross referencing evidence from audio-visual material from sources, we are however unable to confirm it as an exact location due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Gas facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Hezbollah
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–4

Incident Code

TS591

Incident date

April 24, 2023

Location

عين العبد, Ain Al Abd, Al Hasakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.716568, 40.445092 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two young girls and a boy were killed and two other children were injured, all of which were from the same family, by alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Ain al-Abd on April 24, 2023.

Hawar News reported that two young sisters were killed and two young brothers and a sister were injured by intense Turkish shelling of the village of Ain al-Abd at 18:00. Hawar added that the injured were taken to Martyr Legrin Hospital in Tal Tamr for treatment.

Hawar News also provided the names of the children killed and injured: Maryam Khader Aweys (10 years old) and Etidal Aweys (9 years old) were both killed, Abdul Aziz, Diaa and Zahra Khader Aweys were injured.

Just hours later, Hawar News reported that one of the children, Abdul Aziz age 8, died from the severe injuries he sustained in the shelling.

Journalist Abbas Abbas reported that the bombing also resulted in extensive damage to property, and fear among civilians living in the affected areas.

All of the sources attributed the shelling to Turkey.

The incident occured at 18:00:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Maryam Khader Aweys
10 years old female killed
Etidal Aweys
9 years old female killed
Abdul Aziz Aweys
8 years old killed
Diaa Aweys
6 years old injured
Zahra Khader Aweys
14 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic images of the children injured by alleged Turkish shelling of he village of Ain al-Abd on April 24, 2023. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic images of the children killed and injured by alleged Turkish shelling of he village of Ain al-Abd on April 24, 2023. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Ain Al Abd (عين العبد), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.716568, 40.445092. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]