Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0783

Incident date

October 31, 2023

Location

مخيم جباليا, Jabalia camp, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532720, 34.498137 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 31, 2023 confirmed Israeli strikes on the densely populated Jabalia refugee camp killed at least 126 civilians, including 69 children. A further 280 civilians were reported injured by the director of the nearby Indonesian Hospital.

A second strike hit the same location the following day, though the full casualty assessment for that incident will be reviewed separately by Airwars. Israel has confirmed that it conducted both strikes, with the stated target being Hamas leader Ibrahim Biari, and “his base”, according to IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari. Munitions experts speaking to The Guardian indicated that the IDF used so-called bunker buster munitions in the strike: 2,000lb bombs with an estimated crater size of 40ft which cause an “earthquake like” phenomenon on impact.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights raised concerns on Twitter/X that the strikes may have been “disproportionate attacks that could amount to war crimes”. Though no official civilian casualty estimate has yet been conceded by Israeli forces, IDF Spokesperson Richard Hech acknowledged that the IDF knew that civilians were present, and said that civilian harm was a “tragedy of war”.

Airwars has identified at least 116 names of civilians killed, including ten cases involving the fatality of more than one member of the same family. In three of these cases, families were reportedly killed in their entirety.

The Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were also killed. These civilians have been included in Airwars’ upper fatality estimate only, as they have not yet been otherwise corroborated.

Numerous accounts on social media of relatives grieving over unnamed family members killed in the bombing have also been accounted for in Airwars’ civilian casualty range. When one source mentioned that a civilian and “his whole family” were reportedly killed, but the victims could not otherwise be identified, Airwars counted two civilians killed in its ranges as a minimum. In cases where sources indicated that “children” were killed without providing further information on the number of victims, Airwars counted two children killed as a minimum.

Sources also reported that “a large number” of victims were still under the rubble after the strikes, with Hamas officials, quoted by the National, reporting that 120 individuals were still missing by November 2nd. These individuals have not yet been included in the Airwars casualty toll. No reports were found to indicate that there had been prior warning of the strike.

“Apocalyptic scenes”

Footage and videos released following the strikes showed vast craters, alongside dozens of onlookers standing on the edges and people searching for survivors. Local sources have widely referred to the bombing as a “massacre”. Pictures published by local and international sources showed entire housing blocks leveled.

CNN said the survivors talked about “apocalyptic scenes in the aftermath of Tuesday’s strike”, with one eyewitness saying “it felt like the end of the world”. “Children were carrying other injured children and running, with grey dust filling the air. Bodies were hanging on the rubble, many of them unrecognizable. Some were bleeding and others were burnt,” Mohammad Al Aswad told CNN.

The Washington Post reported that “Palestinians carried away the injured and dead on blankets and mattresses”. The Guardian described “body bags piled up with horrific speed at the morgue of the nearby Indonesian hospital in Beit Lahia, and then outside the building” and added that “the wounded filled [the Indonesian Hospital] beds or were raced to Dar al-Shifa hospital in Gaza City, where medics from the Médicins Sans Frontiers aid group struggled to find space even for badly injured children”.

“Young children arrived at the hospital with deep wounds and severe burns. They came without their families,” said Mohammed Hawajreh, an MSF nurse who was quoted by the organisation in a statement condemning the attack. “Many were screaming and asking for their parents. I stayed with them until we could find a place, as the hospital was full with patients”.

Similarly, @AJA_Egypt described scenes with “rows of corpses and shrouds…Jabalia martyrs piled up in the courtyard of the Indonesian Hospital”.

One source on social media (@rdooan) said the bombing left “a hole filled with the corpses of Palestinian families”, while another source stated that “the bodies of families are crowded on top of each other”.

Rescue efforts to identify civilians in the rubble continued after the strikes, with The Guardian reporting that following the strike, “rescuers combed with their hands through surface layers of a tangled mass of concrete and steel which hours earlier had been homes in the Jabalia refugee camp in Gaza. They were searching for survivors, or the bodies of victims, which the immense force of an Israeli airstrike had left near the surface. Those trapped deeper may be entombed for months”.

Mahmoud Basal, a spokesperson for the Palestinian Civil Defense emergency services, told The Washington Post 20 buildings had been destroyed by the strikes, while Al-Arabiya wrote that the bombing “blew up an entire residential neighborhood”. One source specified that the location hit initially was the Al-Tarnis area of the camp. A number of sources qualified the bombing as a “massacre”. Journalist Anas Al Sharif described the destruction of dozens of homes in the “most populated area in the world”.

Victims identified

In many cases, victims were identified on social media by survivors, relatives or friends.

The Abu Al Qoumsan family

At least 21 members of the family of Al-Jazeera broadcast engineer Muhammad Abu Al Qoumsan were killed in Jabalia. Relative of the Abu Al Qoumsan family, Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan, announced on Twitter/X the deaths of his relatives, namely: the three brothers Abu Al Thib Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s father), Abu Anas Abu Al Qoumsan, Abu Firas Abu Al Qoumsan. He also announced the deaths of Abu Firas  Abu Al Qoumsan’s wife (name not provided), her two sons Wasel Abu Al Qoumsan and Mohannad Abu Al Qoumsan, and her two daughters Nabough Abu Al Qoumsan and Abrar Abu Al Qoumsan.

He also recorded the deaths of Umayya Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan’s sister), and of his sister-in-law, described as the wife of his big brother Thib Abu Al Qoumsan. While her name was not provided, the names of her children were: two daughters Rahaf  Abu Al Qoumsan and Layan  Abu Al Qoumsan, and three sons Abdullah  Abu Al Qoumsan, Mohammed  Abu Al Qoumsan, and Aboud  Abu Al Qoumsan.

Imam Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s sister), and her three sons Yamen, Zain and Yazeed were also reportedly killed. Um Mohammed Abu Al Qoumsan, an Abu Al Qoumsan relative, said that her sister “Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan, mother of Rami Ahjazi” was also killed in the incident. It is unclear if she is one of the wives unnamed previously.

Ra’ed Abu Al Qoumsan announced the deaths of his father, of his uncle Abu Firas, of his uncle’s wife and children – (the uncle, his wife and children have already been included above), of his sisters and their children, of his brother’s wife and her children. No names or ages were provided by this source, and it was unclear whether all of those victims have also been listed above.

One additional woman from Al Qoumsan family unit, Marwa Basil Abu Al Qoumsan was identified killed by Al-Jazeera staff on social media. It was unclear whether Marwa was an additional victim, or whether her identity matched one of the women reportedly killed but whose name had not been provided.

To avoid double counting the deaths of members of Abu Al Qoumsan family, where names were not provided by other sources, Airwars has considered these individuals were already named in the sources above in minimum estimates, though have been considered as additional family members in our maximum estimate.

The Siraj family

A man identified as Abdul Salam Siraj was reportedly killed alongside all the members of his family. Ismail Mohammad Foda posted on Facebook: “My friend Abdul Salam Siraj, his entire family was exterminated in Jabalia… his mother, his wife, his two daughters, two sisters, three brothers, and his uncle’s entire family”. Airwars has been unable to separately identify the uncle’s family, and so has counted these as at least two individuals in our minimum range.

The Khudair Ali family

Muhammad Ali announced on Twitter/X the deaths of nine of his relatives that he described as “my beloved ones, my heart and my soul, my support in my country, my cousins and my sisters, in the treacherous massacre in Jabalia camp”.

He identified the victims as Fadi Khudair Ali and his wife (name not provided), Muhammad Khudair Ali, Malak Khudair Ali (described as his cousin), Khadra Jaber Ali (his aunt), and Khadra’s children: Ahmed, Zainab and Muhammad. He also named his cousin’s sons Haidar and Kanan Al-Daour. Another source said that “Umm Fadi” was grieving her sons and daughters, all killed in the Jabaliya bombing.

The Masoud family

A friend of Omar Masoud “Al-Abeka” announced Omar’s death, alongside the deaths of his wife Donia Bashir and their four children (a son and three daughters). The source described Omar as a former prisoner who was detained for twenty years for killing an Israeli, before he got released, getting married and having children. The names of Omar’s family members were not provided by the source. Sources did not explain if Omar Masoud was imprisoned for being a member of a militant group, and also did not state if Masoud was a member of a militant group at the time of his death.

The Abu Sultan family

Nine members were reportedly killed from the Abu Sultan family, which one source said was killed in its entirety.

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan and his wife Sahar Abu Sultan (Al-Hoor), and their five children (four sons and one daughter) Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan, Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan, Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan, Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan, and their daughter named Shahd Omar Abu Sultan. Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan’s wife, and his daughter were also reportedly killed (though names were not provided by the source). On the deaths of the Abu Sultan family, on Facebook, Suhil Yahya posted: There are no relatives or loved ones left, they are all gone”.

The Hamad Family

Medhat Khalil and two other sources reported the death of Kamal Hamad “Abu Diaa” and his son (unnamed) in the Jabalia bombing.

The Al-Tanani family

Two children from the Al-Tanani family were reported killed by one source, namely Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani and Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani. Their age was not provided by the source.

The Okasha family

At least 26 members of the Okasha family were reported killed in the strikes. This includes husband and wife Rawand Okasha Umm Kinan and Belal Okasha, alongside their three children, as reported by their relatives Mohammad Okasha and Abood Okasha. The children’s uncle Ziad Okasha Abu Iyad and his wife Manal Okasha “Al-Najjar” were also reported killed alongside their son Youssef Ziad Okasha and sons of their late uncle Naeem Abu Raed.

Another cousin, Raed Okasha, his children, and his wife, their cousin Muhammad Okasha and his three children Rakan, Amid, and Masa were also listed among the fatalities, alongside their cousin Yasser Okasha, his children and his wife, their cousin Nael Okasha, his children and his wife Islam Muhammad Al-Kafarna Okasha. A video posted on Facebook by Mohammed Okasha showed Yasser Okasha in combat gear wearing weapons, suggesting he may have been a militant. 

A post from Mona Sahle added additional names and offered her condolences to her cousin Nasser Okasha Abu Muhammad for the loss of Nasser’s daughter, her husband, and their children. Muhammad Okasha and his three children are survived by their wife and mother Samah Abu Saltah who was born in the Balata camp, and moved between Gaza and Nablus. Mohammed Okasha added the names Thaer Naeem Okasha and his family, and Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi.

The Alyan family

Jehad Al Sharawi posted a memorial to her uncle Muhammad, uncle Hussein, and the Alyan family for the loss of: Youssef Muhammad Alyan, Mahmoud Jabr Alyan, Karim Majid Alyan. Ziad Alyan also posted a memorial for his brother Mahmoud Jabr Alyan.

The Omrain family

Faraj Abo Mohammed announced five deaths from Abu Al-Omrain family : Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain, Reem Muhammad Al-Firi (Abu Al-Amrain), Muhammad’s wife, and of three children: Rital Youssef Abu Al-Amrain, Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Amrain and Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Amrain.

The Rayyan family

Reuters published a video of a Jabaliya resident, identified as Abdel Kareem Rayyan, holding a paper listing the names of the 15 family members that he claimed were killed in the Israeli strikes. Abdel Kareem Rayyan declared to Reuters: “I lost my whole family, 15 of them. They were innocent, just staying in the camp. What wrong did they do? All of them were killed. My sister’s house with her children, my brother’s house with his children, all of my siblings, no one left except me and my younger brother. Fifteen people, these are their names – they are innocent an kind, it’s literally a massacre, complete destruction. All of the alley, 20 houses were demolished”.

Airwars was able to identify the following names from the list he showed to Reuters: Raed Ahmad Rayyan, Hanna Rayyan, Sa’ed Rayyan, Maher Rayyan, Anwar Rayyan, Jannah RayyanRaed Sa’ed Rayyan, Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan, Mahmoud Sa’ed RayyanGhassan Mohammed Rayyan, Israa Mohammed Rayyan, Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan, Masa Mohammed RayyanIman Saed Abou Hamdan, Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan.

Another man identified as Hassan Ahmed Rayan told Reuters in the same video “The house had 15 people in it, until this moment we cannot reach any of them. Since yesterday, we’ve been trying to find anyone, but we couldn’t. There is no equipment, no civil defense teams, it’s all personal efforts to remove the rubble”.

On social media, Ahmad Abi Ibrahim announced the deaths of his relatives his cousin and brother in law Raed Rayan Abu Saed, his “beloved sister Hanna”, described as Saed’s mother, Saed’s sister identifed as Anwar, and her sons. Janna is referred to as a younger sister with who they “recently celebrated her success in high school”.

Maher is described as a ” decent young man, [who] spent his life in obedience to God, between the mosque and the university. He completed his education as a doctor and volunteered to treat the wounded in the Indonesian Hospital at the beginning of the outbreak of the current war on Gaza.” Nassma Jamal published on Facebook: “May God have mercy on the martyrs of the Rayyan family, relatives and cousins, who were martyred while they were steadfast and sitting in their homes in the Jabalia camp massacre. The martyr Abu Saed Raed Rayan, his wife, children and some of his grandchildren, his son Saed Rayan, his wife and children, and the wife of cousin Abu Ghassan Rayan and her children. Fifteen people, most of them children.” Airwars has estimated the minimum number of children killed in the Rayan family to be six, though the exact number is not yet clear.

In addition to the victims identified alongside other family members outlined above, Airwars also identified an individual named Juma Muhammad Al-Shaarawi, whose death was announced by Baraa Samir describing Al-Shaarawi as a “good and decent young neighbor”.

Unnamed victims

As in many incidents of civilian harm, not all victims were named by sources.

The Izz Al Din Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were killed. The identity of the hostages was not provided.

Airwars also archived a number of videos where relatives or friends spoke about their losses surrounded by scenes of desolation.

In one video published by @Roaastudies and by Middle East Eye, an unnamed Palestinian man present at the scene of the incident was recorded explaining to the camera that he had three children and “not one has survived”. He is seen collapsing at the site of the bombing screaming: “My three children are all gone! My three children, Oh God! My three children! That other day, he told me to come, he told me “Come Dad””. A man holding him replies “Maybe we’ll find one, maybe we’ll find one alive”. The camera holder then says, “this is my friend, he just lost his family”.

@ramiaalibrahim published a video including another Palestinian man whose name was not identified, was filmed walking around the rubble screaming “my son is a martyr, oh God!”, while an additional video published by @Yasser_Gaza on Twitter/X showed a grieving mother who reportedly “lost all of her children“.

On social media, one video released by @Palestinealaa19 showed a father and his son at the scene of the bombing – the young adolescent was crying over bodies in plastic bags of members of his family lined up on the street. The father can be heard telling his son “you can’t collapse, you can’t cry, this is our destiny, we are not better than them, look they are all around us, we don’t forget them and the other 8,000 people – without counting those under the rubble, at least we got out, at least we knew who they are”.

In one video published by @AJArabicnet, a child critically injured in the bombing asked his relative to give him water, while another video released by @Ahmed_GR00 shows a young girl injured with blood on her clothes. The source alleged that she lost the sight of her eyes but at the time of the recording was not aware of her fate.

@shamel__news published a video of two young girls and one young boy rescued from the rubble from Jabalia. @visegrad24 mentioned on Twitter/X the case of a young boy rescued from the rubble by rescuers at the site but no further information was provided regarding the child’s identity. Documenting similar scenes, AP recorded “Young men [carrying] the limp forms of two children from the upper floors of the crumbling frame of one damaged apartment building, while helping down another child and woman. It was unclear whether the children were alive or dead. Gray dust, apparently left by pulverized concrete, seemed to coat nearly everything.”

One Twitter/X the user @Mohammed78990 published a video of a baby followed by this comment: “painful scene from the Jabaliya massacre”. The same source explained that the mother was killed in the bombing. In another video released by @AJA_Palestine, a young man and his young sister were filmed sitting on the rubble crying over the death of their father. 

Overall casualty estimates provided by sources

Initial reporting following the first Israeli bombing on October 31st recorded “a number of martyrs” and “dozens” injured, with Bellingcat setting the initial death toll at “at least 40 killed”, followed by the Guardian which initially reported that “47 bodies were “recovered from the rubble after an explosion in several houses in Jabalia camp”, analysing video footage published by Agence France-Presse.

The director of the Indonesian hospital, Mohamed el-Ron, told the BBC that the hospital recorded 400 casualties, “including 120 dead”, the majority being “women and children”. In a press conference held at that hospital on October 31st, doctors announced that “at 4pm the Indonesian hospital received a high number of killed and injured after an attack on residential block in Jabaliya camp”. The medical staff stated that “one staff member lost four members of his family during the strike.” The same source added that the number of civilian casualties was bigger than their capacity. A number of sources reported “hundreds of injured and killed” following the two declared rounds of strikes on Tuesday and Wednesday. – with @ajmubasher reporting “more than 400 martyrs and wounded”, without further details.

On October 31st, the Palestinian Ministry of Health initially counted “50 martyrs and around 150 wounded and dozens under the rubble in a heinous Israeli massacre that targeted a large area of homes in Jabalia camp”. Later in the day, the MoH said it feared at least 100 had been killed in the bombing, and hundreds others injured, according to @ariel_oseran.

Airwars’ civilian fatality range reflects the number of individuals identified by local sources (both named and unnamed). As per our methodology, where specific numbers of civilians were not explicitly mentioned (such as reference to ‘multiple’ children), we have counted these as at least two casualties. Very few sources were able to report on exact numbers of those injured in the first strike, so Airwars has taken the number originally shared by the Indonesian Hospital of 280 injured civilians.

Israel Defense Forces statements on civilian harm

IDF spokesperson Lt Col Richard Hech acknowledged the Israeli strike had “destroyed a big chunk” of the Jabaliya camp. Hech declared that Israeli forces were aware that the area they targeted was an area where many civilians lived but refused to comment on any civilian casualties resulting from their actions. He justified the strike saying that their focus was on “a senior Hamas commander” who “sadly…was hiding again as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that’s all I can say at this point. (…)”.

Similarly, The Guardian reported that according to the IDF “some cavities seen in images of destroyed camp buildings were created by the collapse of tunnels that had been dug by Hamas, which [IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari] said chooses to put key military infrastructure below areas where many civilians gather.”

Military spokesman Jonathan Conricus quoted by AP News stated that the apartment buildings collapsed “only because the vast underground Hamas complex had been destroyed.” Similarly, AP News reported that “Brig. Gen. Daniel Hagari said an underground Hamas installation beneath a targeted building collapsed, toppling other nearby buildings. Conricus later said the main strike had hit between buildings. “We don’t intend for the ground to collapse,” he told reporters. “But the issue is that Hamas built their tunnels there and that they’re running their operations from there.”

Though the IDF did not confirm the exact numbers of civilian casualties, interviews conducted with IDF spokespeople indicate that Israeli forces have acknowledged civilian harm as a result of their strikes on Jabaliya camp. Airwars has therefore graded the civilian harm status of this incident as “confirmed”, and archived relevant excerpts from interviews in the ‘strike report’ section at the end of this assessment.

Combatant fatalities

The October 31st strike was reportedly intended to target Ibrahim Bari, described as a top commander of Hamas’s central Jabalia battalion, and a key commander during the deadly attack inside Israel on October 7th. Israeli forces believed that Biari had also been “leading fighting in northern Gaza from a network of tunnels under the camp,” according to The Guardian.

According to The Guardian, Daniel Hagari announced Biari’s death alongside “scores” of Hamas militants – without providing the total number of combatants killed. He added that the strike on the building Biari was in “led to the collapse of other things because there was a very extensive infrastructure there.”

@AvichayAdraee on Twitter/X released an IDF video in Arabic where Israeli forces claimed to have killed Hamas leader Ibrahim Al Bayari on October 31st in middle of Jabalia, alongside “many elite members” of Hamas. During a briefing (quoted by The Guardian), IDF spokesperson Hagari declared that “There are dozens of terrorists that have been killed with [Bayari], and the ‘metro’ underneath has collapsed, so it made this hole that you see in the area. We are dealing with terrorists that build the system of infrastructure of terror underneath the Jabalia refugee camp for a big reason. They want this picture of destruction.”

Hamas militants “strongly denied the presence of one of its leaders in the refugee camp” according to CNN, with AP adding that “Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem denied the military’s claim, saying it was trying to justify “its heinous crime” against civilians.”

With ambiguity around the exact number of militants killed, Airwars has applied a 12-24 combatant casualty range to account for comments such as ‘dozens’ of targets killed.

Munitions used

While a video of the moment of the bombing was released by IDF forces on social media, the IDF spokesperson reportedly refused to comment on the number of munitions used or their types or identify “which craters were caused by tunnel collapses” – indicating that Israel would provide information at a later stage, according to The Guardian.

The Guardian reported “at least five craters in the densely populated refugee camp, which weapons experts said were left by the use of multiple JDAMs – joint direct attack munitions – in the airstrike.” Former Pentagon munitions expert Marc Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the biggest crater at the site looked like a hit with a GBU-31.” “There are other bombs it could be. That one just fits best with all the evidence. The estimated crater is around 40 ft [12 metres]””.

A former United Nations weapons inspector Chris Cobb-Smith, told The Guardian, “The munition is almost certainly JDAM, either a GBU 31 (Warhead Mark 84) general purpose bomb or possibly a GBU 56 (Warhead BLU 109) bunker buster. Both about 2,000lb [900kg].”

According to The Guardian: “The GBU (guided bomb unit) is a precision-guided air-to-surface weapon system. It is part of the Israeli arsenal provided by the US and also manufactured by Israel under contract. These Boeing-manufactured GBUs use a tritotal, which is an explosive mix of TNT and aluminium powder, used commonly in air-dropped bombs. The Israeli air force recently posted images of dozens of GBU-31 being loaded on planes. “This fits our analysis. You can see the size of the bomb and guidance straps, which are the signature of the GBU-31,” added Garlasco.””

Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the type of munitions he believes were used would have met stated Israeli military goals of hitting underground tunnels, but also caused extensive damage above ground. If they are set to have a delayed detonation, which is one of three options on the bomb, they cause an earthquake-like phenomenon when they do explode. “JDAMs will burrow through the ground, and have a delayed detonation, causing the building to collapse on itself. This explains the extent of the damage,” he said. “Buildings also collapse due to the blast wave, not just tunnels”.

According to Bellingcat, on October 31, “Reports began to appear online about 2:30 pm local time (…) A Reuters live stream filming towards Jabalia and Gaza City appears to have captured a large explosion at approximately 2:24pm local time, consistent with the earliest reports of the strike on Jabalia.” This observation matched The Guardian’s findings, which noted that “The first online reports of Tuesday’s attack came at about 2.30pm local time. A Reuters live stream captured the moment of impact a few minutes earlier.” According to The Guardian, relying on Reuters video footage and other media content, the exact location of the strike was narrowed to buildings at the intersection of Al Mouhawel and Al Almey streets.

Note that at the time of publication of this assessment, the Ministry of Health had not yet released an update to the list of named fatalities originally published on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 14:30:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (21)

Abu Al Thib Abo Al Qoumsan أبو الذيب أبو القمصان
Adult male Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's father killed
Abu Anas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو أنس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Wasel Abo Al-Quoumsan واصل أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Mohannad Abo Al Qoumsan مهند أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Nabough Abo Al Qoumsan نبوغ أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Abrar Abo Al Qoumsan أبرار أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Umayya Abo Al Qoumsan أمية أبو القمصان
Adult female “Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan”'s sister killed
Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة ذيب أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Rahaf Abo Al Qoumsan رهف أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Layan Abo Al Qoumsan ليان أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Abdullah Abo Al Qoumsan عبدالله أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan محمد أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Aboud Abo Al Qoumsan عبود أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Iman Abo Al-Qoumsan أيمان أبو القمصان
Adult female Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's sister killed
Yamen Abo Al-Qoussan يامن أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Zain Abo Al-Qoussan زين أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Yazeed Abo Al-Qoussan يزيد أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan جميلة يوسف أبو القمصان
Adult female mother of Rami Ahjazi killed
Marwa Basil Abu Al-Qumsan مروة أبو القمصان
Adult female killed

Family members (12)

Abdul Salam Siraj عبد السلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's mother أم عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's wife زوجة عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
male killed
Another family member of Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
(source mentions all of his uncle's family were killed - no number provided) killed

Family members (10)

Fadi Khudair Ali فادي خضير علي
Adult male killed
Fadi Khudair Ali's wife زوجة فادي خضير علي
Adult female killed
Muhammad Khudair Ali محمد خضير علي
Adult male killed
Malak Khudair Ali ملاك خضير علي
Adult male killed
Khadra Jaber Ali خضرة جابر علي
Adult female killed
Ahmed Jaber Ali أحمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Zainab Jaber Ali زينب جابر علي
Child female Khadra's daughter killed
Muhammad Jaber Ali محمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Haidar Al-Daour حيدر الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed
Kanan Al-Daour كنان الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed

Family members (6)

Omar Mas’oud عمر مسعود
Adult male former prisoner - civilian status unclear killed
Donia Bashir دنيا البشر
Adult female killed
Son of Omar and Dunya
Child male killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed

Family members (9)

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan عمر مصطفى أبو سلطان
Adult male killed
Sahar Al-Hoor سحر الهور
Adult female Omar's wife killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult male Omar and Sahar's son killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's wife زوجة أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult female killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's daughter ابنة عمر أبو سلطان
Child female killed
Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan محمد عمر أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan عبدالله أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher killed
Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan محمود أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Shahd Abu Sultan شهد أبو سلطان
Child female Daughter of Omar and Saher killed

Family members (2)

Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani أحمد جمعة صالح ذياب الطناني
Child male killed
Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani محمود محمد صالح الطناني
Child male Ahmed's brother killed

Family members (5)

Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain أحمد أكرم أبو العمرين
Adult male killed
Reem Muhammad Al-Firi ريم محمد الفيري
Adult female Ahmed's wife killed
Rital Youssef Abu Al-Omrain ريتال يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child female Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Omrain عبدالكريم يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Omrain زاهر رمضان أبو العمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed

Family members (15)

Raed Ahmad Rayyan رائد أحمد ريان
Adult male killed
Hanna Rayyan هناء ريان
Adult female wife of Raed Rayyan "Abu Saedd" killed
Sa’ed Rayyan سائد ريان
Child male Hanna and Raed's son killed
Maher Rayyan ماهر ريان
Adult male Doctor killed
Anwar Rayyan أنوار ريان
Child female Hanna and Raed's daughter killed
Jannah Rayyan جنة ريان
Child female killed
Raed Sa’ed Rayyan رائد سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan هناء سائد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mahmoud Sa’ed Rayyan محمود سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Ghassan Mohammed Rayyan غسان محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Israa Mohammed Rayyan سراء محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan مجاهد محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Masa Mohammed Rayyan ماسة محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Iman Saed Abou Hamdan يمان سائد ابو حمدان
Age unknown female killed
Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan كرم عبدالكريم ريان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

Mahmoud Jabr Alyan محمود جبر عليان
Age unknown male killed
Youssef Muhammad Alyan يوسف محمد عليان
Age unknown male killed
Karim Majid Alyan كريم ماجد عليان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (26)

Rawnd Okasha روند عكاشة
Adult female killed
Bilal Okasha بلال عكاشة
Adult male Rawnd's husband killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Ziad Okasha زياد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Manal Al-Najjar منال النجار
Adult female Ziad's wife killed
Youssef Ziad Okasha يوسف زياد عكاشة
Child male Son of Ziad and Manal killed
Raed Okasha رائد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's wife
Adult female Raed's wife killed
Nael Okasha نائل عكاشة
Adult male killed
Islam Mohammed al Kafarna اسلام محمد الكفارنة
Adult female Nael's wife killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's wife
Adult female killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha ثائر نعيم عكاشة
Adult male killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha's relative
Age unknown killed
Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi. محمد فايز الزويدي
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Okasha محمد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Masa Okasha ماسة عكاشة
Child female Daughter of Mohammed killed
Rakan Okasha راكان عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed
Ameed, Okasha عميد عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed

Family members (2)

Kamal Hamad "Abu Diaa" كمال حمد
Adult male killed
Kamal Hamad's son
Child male killed

The victims were named as:

Jumaa Mohammed Al Sharawi جمعة محمد الشعراوي
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 136
  • (69 children22 women28 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (106) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (152) [ collapse]

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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @alyredaa
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    Source: @WaheidiSaad
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @Jales_tinian2
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ali
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    Source: Mohammed Ali
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Um Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Alaraby television
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Raed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ra’ed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ziad Alyan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraa Samir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mais Al Reem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
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    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Abo Al Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Journalist Adel Za’rab
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Statement
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: @Reuters
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @trbrtc
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    Source: @trbrtc
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: @UNHumanRights
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Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention strikes on the Jabalia camp (مخيم جباليا). Satellite imagery shared by Christiaan Triebert (@trbrtc) shows the strike location at the following exact coordinates: 31.533320, 34.499070.

  • Imagery:
    @trbrtc

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

CNN Wolf Blitzer Interview w/ IDF Spokesperson Richard Hecht

WB
Back now to our breaking news here in the Middle East. A massive explosion at the largest refugee camp in Gaza. Joining us now is Lieutenant Colonel Richard Hecht. He's the international spokesperson for the Israel Defense Forces. Thanks so much for joining us. I want to ask you first about this massive blast that we all just saw. We saw the video at the Jabalya refugee camp in Gaza. Is there anything more you can, first of all, tell us about how this explosion happened?

RH
Hi Wolf. Thanks for having me. So we'll be coming out in the next hopefully hour with more data. But I can update you now that there was a very senior Hamas commander in that area. Sadly, he was hiding again, as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that's all I can say at this point. We're looking into it and we'll be coming out with more data as we learn what happened there.

WB
So can you confirm it was an Israeli attack that destroyed a big chunk of that Jabalya refugee camp?

RH
Yes, I can. We when we were focused on the target, a senior commander, Wolf, I will be updating you with more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But even if that Hamas commander was there, amidst all those Palestinian refugees who are in there in that Jabalya refugee camp, Israel still went ahead and dropped a bomb there attempting to kill this Hamas uh this Hamas commander. Knowing that a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children, presumably would be killed, is that what I'm hearing?

RH
That's not what you're hearing, Wolf. We again, we're focused on this commander, again, who you'll get more data who this man was, killed many, many Israelis. And we're doing everything we can. These are, it's a very complicated battle space. That could be infrastructure there. There could be tunnels there. And we're still looking into and we'll give you more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But you know that there are a lot of refugees, a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children in that refugee camp as well. Right?

RH
This is the tragedy of war, Wolf. I mean, we as you know, we've been saying for days, move south. If civilians are not involved with Hamas, please move south.

WB
I’m just trying to get a little bit more information. You knew there were civilians there.
You knew there were refugees, all sorts of refugees. But you decided to still drop a bomb on that refugee camp attempting to kill this Hamas commander. By the way, was he killed?

RH
I can't confirm yet. There will be more updated. Yes, we know that he was killed and about the civilians there, we're doing everything we can to minimize. I'll tell you, I'll say again, sadly, they are hiding themselves within the civilian population. And again, we are doing this stage by stage, and we're going to go after every one of these terrorists who was involved in that heinous attack on the 7th of October Wolf.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 136
  • (69 children22 women28 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (106) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0405

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

محيط المستشفى الأوروبي, Vicinity of the European Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.303534, 34.320700 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 5pm on Friday October 20th 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Al-Aqad family house located near the European Hospital in the Al-Manara neighborhood south to the town of Khan Yunis killed a Palestinian poet and novelist Heba (Hiba) Kamal Saleh Abu Nada alongside her son and ten identified members of the Al-Aqad family, the majority of whom were women and children, among them one infant, and at least six others were wounded.

Initially Shehab Agency correspondent reported about five civilians killed in the strike and a number of wounded and missing ones, but later Alqhad.tv, Almayadeen.net and Watan news reported that the death toll rose to seven. Alqhad.tv also mentioned that six people were injured, with Almayadeen.net mentioning that “children” were among the injured.

The Facebook testimony by Ahmed Ismael Al-Akkad helped to identify ten members of the Al-Aqad family who were killed in the strike alongside the poet and novelist Hiba Abu Nada who apparently had been displaced and had been staying in that house as a guest together with her son who had also been reportedly killed. Thus, the number of the victims killed in the attack reached twelve people.

A 52-year old woman Nahed Qasim Abdullah Al-Aqad Safi was killed alongside her son, her two daughters, her sister, and her grandchildren. It was written in Alakaad Family Pace post that she was a widow of Yahya Muhammad Abdullah Al-Aqqad “Abu Al-Nour” who was called a “martyr”. Nahed’s son, a 29-year old Muhammad Yahya Abdel al-Aqad was killed alongside his wife, a 23-year old Deena Dhafer Hamdi Al-Aqad, and their daughter Nevin Muhammad Yahya Al-Aqad who was only one year and three months old when she was killed. Nahed’s 33-year old daughter Nevin Yahya Muhammad Al-Aqad lost her life together with her son 13 year old Ahmed Salah Selim and her 25-year old sister Nidaa Yahya Muhammad Al-Aqad.

Nahed’s 27-year old sister Reham Mahmoud Qasim Al-Aqad Safi was killed alongside her 5-year old son Yahya Nour El-Din Yahya Al-Aqad and her infant son Muhammad Nour al-Din Yahya al-Aqad who was only two months old.

A Facebook post by Alakaad Family Pace contained images of the corpses of the family members wrapped in cloth as well as a graphic image of a dead woman embracing her dead child entitled “Eternal sleep”. A Twitter/X user @Mustafa3Ahed shared a graphic image of a dead body of an infant arriving to the morgue after the airstrike on Al-Aqad family house.

As mentioned above, among the victims was a Palestinian poet and writer Hiba (Heba) Abu Nada who was killed with her son. The Palestinian Ministry of Culture published an official condolence statement dedicated to her, describing the deceased woman as  “a creative writer who wrote stories, novels, and poetry.”

The 32-year-old Hiba Abu Nada was born in 1991 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, to a Palestinian family from the village of Beit Jarjah. She studied biochemistry and educational rehabilitation, worked in education and won several awards for her writing. Abu Nada published collections of poetry and a novel “Oxygen is Not for the Dead” which won second place at the Sharjah Awards for Arab creativity in 2017.

Her last poem was published on the social platform X/Twitter just a few days before her death:

“Gaza’s night is dark apart from the glow of rockets,

quiet apart from the sound of the bombs,

terrifying apart from the comfort of prayer,

black apart from the light of the martyrs.

Good night, Gaza”

The legacy of Hiba Abu Nada was mentioned in an article by the British media outlet The Guardian which emphasized that before the war, Gaza had a “huge arts community”, that was now being destroyed by the war. Images of the late Hiba published by The Guardian and social media accounts show a young woman in a beige and red hijab.

Her friend Mohammad Ziyad Shawdab shared an image of her holding a book, and wrote about his loss: “My friend, the novelist, poet, and human being Heba Abu Nada rises as a martyr from the Al-Aqsa Flood. They were difficult days, Heba. You told us the story as best you could. Go up to Gaza, the sky.”

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Heba (Hiba) Kamal Saleh Abu Nada هبة كمال ابو ندى
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803079631
Son of Hiba ابن هبة
Child male killed

Family members (10)

Nahed Qasim Abdullah Al-Aqad Safi ناهد قاسم عبدالله العقاد صافي
52 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 916580046
Muhammad Yahya Abdel Aqad محمد يحيى عبد العقاد
29 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400045472
Deena Dhafer Hamdi Al-Aqad دينا ظافر حمدي العقاد
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407142363
Nevin Muhammad Yahya Al-Aqad نفين محمد يحيى العقاد
1.5 years old female killed
Nidaa Yahya Muhammad Al-Aqad نداء يحيى محمد العقاد
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 403717580
Nevin Yahya Muhammad Al-Aqad نفين يحيى محمد العقاد
33 years old female killed
Ahmed Salah Selim أحمد صلاح سليم
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429379332
Reham Mahmoud Qasim Al-Akkad Safi ريهام محمود قاسم العقاد صافي
27 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 402158224
Muhammad Nour al-Din Yahya al-Aqqad محمد نور الدين يحيى العقاد
Less than 1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444650097
Yahya Nour El-Din Yahya Al-Aqad يحيى نور الدين يحيى العقاد
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 439026527

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (5 children6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alakaad Family Pace
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alakaad Family Pace
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alakaad Family Pace
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mustafa3Ahed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: D. Amina Hazmoun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Ziyad Shawdab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qassan selih abo ibrahim

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the European Hospital (المستشفى الأوروبي) to the south of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.303534, 34.320700. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (5 children6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0412

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

محافظة خانيونس, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.336273, 34.319926 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Province/governorate level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 20th 2023, a child was reportedly killed and at least three others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Shaheen family home in Khan Yunis, located in the Gaza Strip.

Reporting of the incident identified Shaheen Shaheen as the child who was killed. A series of Facebook posts by Amr Tabash and Omar Arfat capture a man visibly upset, carrying the body of the child, as well as the body of the child in the morgue.

A tweet by user @sadeel_owida identified further injuries to two girls and a woman from the strike, with all transported to Nasser Hospital, while Mahmoud Fouly reported that three children were injured. This is collaborated by images of the children in the hospital which circulated on social media. Simultaneously, sources indicate that the search for missing persons was underway in the aftermath of the incident.

The Ministry of the Interior of Gaza reported on the incident, identifying the strike on the “Shaheen” family in Khan Yunis.

Airwars has matched Shaheen Shaheen’s name to the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of names released on October 26th 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Shaheen Shaheen شاهين شاهين
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 438998726

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Esmaeel Omer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Esmaeel Omer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Arfat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud fouly
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud fouly
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud fouly
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Fouly
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alone in a strange world
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Khan Younis governorate (محافظة خانيونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.336273, 34.319926. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0372

Incident date

October 19, 2023

Location

محيط كنيسة القديس برفيريوس, Vicinity of Saint Porphyrius Church, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.503694, 34.462428 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 19th 2023, at around 8:30 pm, a declared Israeli strike hit a building adjacent to the centuries-old Greek Orthodox St. Porphyrius Church on Omar Al-Mukhtar Street, in Gaza city. The blast destroyed parts of the church complex where hundreds of displaced civilians were reportedly taking shelter.

Airwars identified the names of at least 23 civilians killed, including ten children, eight women and five men across three families. Sources reported at least 18 more civilians were injured, though by some accounts there were ‘dozens’ of wounded civilians, and potentially hundreds more under the rubble.

The three families identified with multiple civilian casualties were the Al-Amash family, Al-Souri family and Al-Tarazi family. The Higher Presidential Committee of Churches Affairs in Palestine (HCC) described scenes with “entire families whose names were erased from civil records, children whose body parts were found under the rubble, and a girl no more than 4 months old who was found martyred in the arms of her grandmother who was also martyred.”

Sources described St. Porphyrius Church as the oldest church in Gaza, and potentially of the oldest churches in the world. According to HCC, “the original building dates back to the year 425 AD, and it was renovated in 1856.”

On Twitter/X, @AvichayAdraee, the IDF Spokesperson, declared that Israeli forces intended to strike a target adjacent to the church, allegedly used as a Hamas command center. The said statement read: “The IDF can unequivocally state that the church was not the target of this raid”. Another Israeli forces statement quoted by Al Jazeera further highlighted that as a result of the strike, “a wall of a church in the area was damaged,” and that the IDF were “aware of reports on casualties” and that “the incident is under review.” As the IDF did not officially acknowledge any civilian harm as a result of the bombing, the civilian harm status of this incident has been graded as “fair” by Airwars, and not “confirmed”.

The Holy Orthodox Foundation of Saint George, quoted by @ytirawi on Twitter/X, claimed that Israeli forces targeted “the hall of the church with four missiles”, while The Guardian reported that “a missile brought down part of the complex”. Ibrahim Al-Souri, a survivor, interviewed by Al-Jazeera, told the media that “two raids” hit the building.

Victims identified

Local sources, religious authorities such as The Church of Holy Land,  and relatives of victims on social media provided obituaries and published lists of names of victims either killed or injured, alongside pictures of them. Members of at least three family units, Al-Amsh family, Al-Souri family and Al-Tarazi family were identified by local sources. Justin Amash, on Twitter/X a relative of the Al-Amash family, said the bombing “killed multiple members of three connected Orthodox Christian families, who are my relatives. They are my dad’s first cousins and their spouses, children, and in-laws. May their memories be eternal.”

Based on these sources, Airwars identified the names of at least 23 victims killed, including eight women, ten children and five men, and one woman, one child and one man injured, as the following:

The Al-Amash family

Yara Grace Al-Amash (Al-Amsh) was reportedly killed alongside her daughter Juliet Sobhi Al-Souri (Al-Suri, Al-Suwari) and her son, a baby identified as George Sobhi Al-Souri. A relative of Yara, @justinamash, posted a picture of an infant, identified as George, covered in dust, with his eyes closed, being pulled out from the rubble, carried by a man. @justinamash said “This is my second cousin George being pulled from the rubble at Saint Porphyrius Orthodox Church in Gaza. This beautiful baby committed no crimes, harmed no person. May his memory be eternal.” At the funerals held the next day, one woman showed a picture of an infant to the cameraman in a video published by @TRTArabic, saying “this is George, everyone, this is George” while another voice can be heard saying “Where is the little boy?”.

Yara was described as the wife of Sobhi Al-Souri, who, according to HCC, was wounded in the same attack and transferred to the hospital to be treated for a foot injury. The same source said that “as a result of the lack of medical resources and the lack of appropriate treatment, the doctors expect that there will be a need to amputate one of his feet.”

Local sources reported the deaths of  Marwan Salim Tarazi, his wife Nahid Tarazi, and their granddaughter, the infant Joelle Attala Al-Amsh. Joelle Attala Al-Amash is likely the daughter of Attala Al-Amash. 4 month-old Samaa Al-Amash was also reportedly killed. She was described as the daughter of Attala Al-Amash and his wife Miral. According to HCC, Miral also lost both her mother and father in the bombing – their names were not provided by the source. Miral’s family name, which could not be found, could presumably be Tarazi, and her parents are likely to be Marwan Salim Tarazi and his wife Nahid Tarazi, as these civilians have been described as Joelle’s grandparents.

Sources further identified Grace Issa Al-Amash as one of those killed.

The Al-Souri family (also referred to as Al Suwari)

Tariq Sami Al-Souri was reportedly killed with his wife Lisa Walid Al-Souri, and their son Issa Tariq Al-Souri.

Ghada Al-Souri was also counted as one of the killed victims, alongside her children – 15 year-old Suhail Ramez Al-Souri, 7 year-old Majd Ramez Al-Souri, and 9 year-old Julie Ramez Al-Souri. According to local sources, Ghada was married to 45 year-old Ramez Al-Souri. PBS interviewed Ramez who explained that strikes scared his child Majd, and that his son “missed playing soccer with his school friends. [Majd] was devastated that the war had canceled his Christian family’s … trip to Nazareth, “Baba, where can we go?” Majd asked again and again when airstrikes roared”. Souri told PBS that Majd calmed down when they arrived at the church to take shelter. PBS reported: “They prayed and sang. (…) Majd was found beneath the rubble with his hands around his mother’s neck. His face was completely burned. “My children just wanted peace and stability,” said Souri, his voice cracking. “All I cared about was that they were happy.””

HCC similarly explained that Ramez lost his three children, and described his farewell message: “My daughter was [as beautiful as] the moon, it was crazy. They killed her.” An elderly woman, whose name was not provided, presumably Ramez’s mother, can be seen crying in despair in a video published by @ajmubasher, saying “The loves of my heart, the children of my son, all of them are dead! Ask God to have mercy on them! How could I want to go home? How can I come back without them? Where could I want to go? I can’t see our home again, I don’t want to go home! They bury me with them, bury me with them!” Farida.tarazi posted an obituary which read “With hearts filled with pain, we mourn the children of my dear nephew Ramez with the martyrdom of all three of his children in the bombing that targeted the church” alongside a picture of three children side by side, smiling.

Ramez also lost “his cousins and their wives from the Al-Amash family” according to HCC, though their names were not provided by the source. As Airwars identified members of Al-Amash family killed but cannot be sure these victims were included, two men and two women were counted as a minimum in Airwars’s maximum casualty estimate to account for them.

Abdel Nour Sami Al-Souri was killed with his wife Viola Grace Al-Amsh, and their infant daughter Alia Abdelnour Al-Souri. Yousef.alashqer said on Facebook that the whole family was killed, and that  “Abdel Nour was named in the latest coordination list, and he was not able to travel like any other people, and we agreed to go out together if the opportunity allowed.” This presumably is a reference to the official list for those permitted to leave the Gaza Strip through the Rafah crossing into Egypt.

HCC added that Abdelnour had “recently completed his master’s studies and his martyr wife wrote, “I wish you continued success and hope for a doctorate.” Viola has been described as a relative of Yara (also killed, see mention above) in an obituary posted by @justinamashm.

The Tarazi family

Dr Suleiman Jamil Tarazi, a 35 year-old dentist was also killed, while his wife Lili and their son, a three year-old Jad, were both reportedly injured. According to HCC, “the last person to be found was the dentist, Suleiman Tarazi, and his wife was unable to say goodbye to him due to a very serious injury to her spine, and his children were not able to say goodbye to him due their state of panic.”

Rana Mourtaja, a friend of Al-Tarazi family, said Lili was in “intensive care suffering from various fractures in her body”, while Jad was being treated as he sustained “multiple fractures” . She described Lili as her childhood friend. Rana wrote: “[Lili’s] small family consists of four people, her husband, Suleiman, and Jamil, her eldest son, born in April 2017, and Jad, born in July 2019. (…) Language has not helped me since day one. I cannot formulate a single sentence to console any of my friends. May God have mercy on Suleiman, give patience to the entire family, heal Lili and her son, and hasten their relief. How do all these horrors cram into one geographical spot called Gaza? How do I formulate a phrase in which I console my old friend with the tragedy of her life? How will Jamil and Jad understand that daddy was shrouded, mercifully wrapped and buried deep in the ground?”. @OsaidesserMD said that Suleiman’s wife and children were critically injured but the medical condition of Jamil, their second son, was unclear.

Dr Suleiman Tarazi was also mourned by Nadia Abu Nahla, who published a message on Facebook: “Goodbye, Suleiman. Goodbye, our hearts are aching. May God have mercy on you, martyrs of the Church of Saint Porphyrius”.

According to Rana Abo Farha, other members of Suleiman’s family were also killed including Elaine Helmi Tarazi. Muntaser Tarzi announced Elaine’s death on Facebook, saying she worked as the “director of several public schools”. She was described as an “excellent educator” by Nadine.shaheen, and as working as a nanny for Al Tarazi family by HCC.

On November 27th, William.tarazi posted an obituary, announcing that the elderly woman Eva Salim Musa Tarazi succumbed to wounds sustained in the bombing of the church.

Two other victims killed were identified as the child, Christine Al-Turk (killed), and Nasseem Saba.

Washington Post quoting The Order of St. George indicated that the “Archbishop Alexios appears to have been located and is alive, but we don’t know if he is injured.” No other information could be found on him.

Unnamed victims

As in many incidents of civilian harm, not all victims were named by sources.

@Kahlissee on social media said that “a married couple and their newborn daughter were among 18 Palestinians killed when Israel bombed Gaza’s oldest church.” This source could refer to the deaths of Abdel Nour, Viola Al-Amash and Alia (see above – Al-Amash family).

@hms____1 posted on Twitter/X a video of a woman with a head injury. Her name was not provided. @RTarabic and @skynewsarabia published a video of an elderly woman described as having “special needs” who was rescued from the rubble of the church – she was not identified by the source. @AlahdathArabian published two pictures of injured children being held by rescuers, without providing further details on the kids. One survivor quoted by Al-Jazeera, told the media ““One lady is waiting for her three kids to be pulled out of the rubble, It’s something you can’t really imagine, you can’t really explain.” Neither the names of the children nor their condition were indicated by the source.

Civilians under the rubble

Various local and international sources recorded a number of civilians trapped under the rubble, with The Guardian of the Greek Orthodox Church, quoted by @SupportProphetM estimating their number at “more than 200”. Local reporting also described ongoing rescue efforts following the attack. One member of the rescue team stated during a video released by @ajmubasher that there was no sufficient equipment that could support in pulling out the bodies.

HCC narrated the scene: “the search for bodies and survivors” was conducted “in the dark of the night due to the deliberate power outage by the Israeli occupation in all of the Gaza Strip. The residents, the clergy, the fathers, the priests, and the monastery and Church officials had no choice but to search the remains of the victims in the lights of mobile phones. Their voices rose, calling for those who thought they were still alive under the rubble. This person called out, “Oh Suleiman,” and a grandmother called out, “Tata, if you hear me, answer me.” And a grieving mother crying and screaming in the name of her daughter, who was not more than 4 months old. .” The Guardian further explained that “Dozens of men searched the collapsed building into the night, looking for survivors – and for bodies to retrieve the next day.”

Overall death toll estimates

Sources provided various estimates regarding the number of civilians who were taking shelter inside the Church complex at the moment of the attack. These estimates ranged between a 100 to 500, with The Supreme Presidential Committee for Follow-up of Church Affairs in Palestine providing the highest estimate. One survivor, Ibrahim Al-Souri, quoted by Al Jazeera, said that these were mostly “children, women, elderly and sick people”. As the Church is a complex of multiple buildings, most sources reporting on those sheltering did not specify how many of them were in the building that was hit by the bombing.

While early reports of exact casualty numbers were challenged by the scale and nature of the incident, there was consensus among sources that this was a mass casualty event, with reports by the following afternoon from Church officials putting the death toll at least at 18 civilians and “several” children, as reported on by Al Jazeera. After identifying additional names through social media, Airwars has however raised this minimum death toll to 23 civilians.

Pictures of injured civilians were released on social media by multiple sources, while @SARASMAYRA1 on Twitter/X published images of victims at the hospital. @mrowesna123 suggested that nuns could be among those wounded but no other sources provided further details to corroborate this.

Two other sources gave higher estimates of the death toll: the Holy Orthodox Foundation of Saint George, quoted by @ytirawi, affirmed that Israeli forces bombing led to 150 estimated “martyrs” while only one source, @ElmadhonHosam said that the number of victims exceeded 400 injured and killed.

On October 20th, The Guardian said that among the victims killed were “four tiny children”, while @Lolwah_Alkhater put the number of children killed at seven, and @zoo_bear at eight. Relying on local and social media sources, Airwars recorded the names of at least ten children killed from the three different family units outlined above. Palestinian resident, Ibrahim Jahsan, interviewed by Al-Jazeera, told the media that the kids who survived the attack were all “traumatised”, adding that “No words can describe what we are going through.”

According to several sources, including @AJArabic and @TRTArabiv, and the Guardian, mass funerals of victims were held the next day in the courtyard of St. Porphyrius Church. Many Muslims and Christians attended the ceremony,  @TRTArabic reported. A video recorded by the source showed heartbroken relatives of children killed holding phones to show pictures of them to the camera.  @AJA_Palestine also published a video covering the ceremony.

Airwars will update our casualty range should further information come to light.

Destruction of the Church complex

Multiple local and international sources reported that the strike led to the complete destruction of the headquarters of the council of the church. The building was also referred to as the “Church Stewards Council” by the Palestinian News and Press Agency, quoted by Anadolu Agency. The building was described as a two-storey building part of the church’s compound. HCC further explained that the Council was “one of the abandoned houses adjacent to the church”. A rescuer told Reuters that the civilians sheltering in the lower floor of the building were crushed to death, buried under the rubble, while two civilians sheltered on the upper floors survived.

Al Jazeera described scenes of shock and disbelief from the survivors following the attack: “a number of members of the Greek Orthodox [religion] who survived the bombing appeared sitting next to the church in a dazed state, waiting for the remaining bodies of the victims to be removed from under the rubble.”

Father Issa Musleh, interviewed by Al Jazeera, said “People there – Muslims and Christians – they thought they’d be safe inside the [church] building – Because it’s a church, they didn’t think it would be bombed by Israel.” The church had been previously used as a sanctuary, with both Muslims and Christians taking shelter in its buildings during former Israeli military campaigns, the same media noted.

HCC added that the blast also led to the complete destruction of the church “entrances”. A statement by the Order of St. George, quoted in The Washington Post, claimed that two halls, which were areas where refugees, including “children and babies” were sleeping, were destroyed by the blast. Justin Amash on Twitter/X, a relative of several victims of the attack, said that while the sanctuary had not been destroyed from the strike, “the church annex, which includes offices and meeting spaces for the Christian community” collapsed following the attack.

Additionally, according to HCC, the attack destroyed “all the warehouses in which the church stored water, food, grains and canned food”.

The New York Times explained that the church is composed of “a chapel, seven buildings and a courtyard”. Only two sources, a man interviewed by @ajmubasher and a resident, Maher Ayyad, interviewed by Washington Post, reported that around a hundred civilians were in the bombed building. Maher Ayyad further explained to the Washington Post that “around 400 displaced civilians, mainly Christians, were taking shelter in the entire complex.” Similar estimates were provided by HCC which stated that 382 Palestinian Christians were taking refuge, spread inside the various buildings constituting of the church: “Christian families were distributed among all the different church facilities, including facilities that included Sunday schools, halls adjacent to the church, or the headquarters of the Council of Deputies, which was a place that was destroyed along with those in it.”

@ShehabAgency reported that among the victims were displaced Palestinian Christian civilians who had taken refuge in the church. According to a man interviewed by @ajmubasher, the Palestinian Christians in Gaza who were displaced and took shelter in that church constituted half of the Christian population in Gaza. @AlarabyTV correspondent stated that  those forcibly displaced came from Zaytoun neighborhood in Gaza, an area that that Israeli forces asked to be evacuated.

According to HCC, “the church was notified more than three times to evacuate the survivors towards the south” – though the source did not indicate when the warnings were sent to the church. However, @AJArabic recorded an eyewitness who claimed that no prior warning was given before the strike.

One survivor told Al Jazeera said that he had decided to stay in the church with his relatives, despite the risks: “We were baptised here, and we will die here.” The Washington Post interviewed a Palestinian American living in the US, with relatives and friends who were sheltering inside the church, who told the media: “They’re terrified. They’re shaken. They don’t know what to do, and they don’t know where else to go.”

The Patriachate reportedly condemned the attack but stated that the church was committed to continue offering “shelter to the displaced” in Gaza city, despite evacuation orders. The Washington Post alleged that  “Around 500 other Christians” relocated to the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate School in Gaza City.

HCC recorded the attack at around 8:30pm.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names, ID numbers and ages released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 8:30 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Yara Grace Al-Amsh يارا العمش
23 years old female wife of Sobhi Al-Souri killed Matched to MoH ID 405957218
Juliet Sobhi Al-Souri جوليت صبحي الصوري
1 years old female Yara's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 445846819
George Sobhi Al-Souri جورج صبحي الصزري
less than a year old years old male Yara's son killed Matched to MoH ID 445239171
Sobhi Al-Souri صبحي الصوري
Adult male injured
Samaa Al-Amash سما العمش
4 months years old female daughter of Miral and Atallah killed
Grace Issa Al-Amash جريس عيسى العمش
Adult female killed

Family members (10)

Tariq Sami Al-Souri طارق الصوري
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801483959
Lisa Walid Souri ليزا الصوري
32 years old female Tariq's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 803689009
Issa Tariq Al-Suri عيسى الصوري
12 years old male Tariq and Lisa's son killed Matched to MoH ID 432257384
Ghada Al-Souri غادة الصوري
Adult female wife of Ramez Al-Souri killed
Suhail Ramez Al-Souri سهيل رامز الصوري
14-15 years old male Ramez and Ghada's child killed Matched to MoH ID 427456660
Majd Ramez Al-Souri ماجد رامز الصوري
7-10 years old male Ramez and Ghada's child killed Matched to MoH ID 433213493
Julie Ramez Al-Suri جويل رامز الصوري
9-12 years old female Ramez and Ghada's child killed Matched to MoH ID 431576370
Abdel Nour Sami Al-Souri  عبدالنور الصوري
Adult male killed Matched to MoH ID 803471143
Viola Al-Amsh  فيولا العمش
26 years old female Abdel Nour's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 403253248
Alia Abdelnour Al-Souri علياء الصوري
less than a year old years old female Abdel Nour and Viola's child killed Matched to MoH ID 444170781

Family members (8)

Marwan Salim Tarazi مروان ترزي
64 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 922295985
Nahid Rahuf Musa Tarazi ناهد ترزي
60 years old female Marwan's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 922296090
Joelle Attala Al-Amash جويل عطالله العمش
less than a year years old female Marwan and Nahid's granddaughter killed Matched to MoH ID 444370142
Dr Suleiman Jamil Tarazi سليمان ترزي
35 years old male killed
Lily Saba ليلي سابا
Adult female Suleiman's wife injured
Jad Tarazi جاد ترزي
Child male Suleiman and lily's son injured
Elaine Helmi Tarazi الينا ترزي
Adult female killed
Eva Salim Musa Tarazi ايفا سليم موسى ترزي
Adult female killed

The victims were named as:

Christine Al-Turk كريسين الترك
Child female killed
Nassem Saba نسيم سابا
Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 27
  • (10 children8–10 women5–7 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education,Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (77) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (101) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @mrowesna123
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    Source: @Sprinter00000
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ElmadhonHosam
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    Source: @AlahdathArabian
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlahdathArabian
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @SupportProphetM
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    Source: @Monir_Wasfy
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    Source: @Monir_Wasfy
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    Source: @Monir_Wasfy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
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    Source: MOI palestine
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    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
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    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
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    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AydaNews
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Churchof Holy Land
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadia Abu Nahla
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadine.shaheen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadine.shaheen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rana Abo Farha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Farida.tarazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muntaser Tarzi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: William.tarazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamashm
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Guardian News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Reuters News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Lolwah_Alkhater
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Lolwah_Alkhater
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zoo_bear
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zoo_bear
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @therapisthammam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @therapisthammam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OsaidesserMD
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Saint Porphyrius Church (كنيسة القديس برفيريوس) in Gaza city (غَزَّة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.503694, 34.462428.

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  • Imagery:
    @pmofa

  • Imagery:
    @WLbir

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Statement regarding the raid that targeted an area close to the Greek Orthodox Church in Gaza:

Yesterday in the Zaytoun area, IDF warplanes targeted the command and control center of a Hamas terrorist involved in firing rockets and mortar shells towards Israel.

This command center was used to launch attacks on Israel and included infrastructure belonging to the Hamas terrorist organization.

Any damage resulting from the Israeli raid is collateral damage and was not intended by the Israeli operation.

*The IDF can unequivocally state that the church was not the target of this raid*

Hamas intentionally places its operational facilities in areas populated by civilians, exploiting the residents of the Gaza Strip as human shields.

In order to reduce the damage to civilians, the IDF sent a request to the residents of the northern area of the Gaza Strip to evacuate the northern area and head south beyond the Gaza Valley.

The IDF continues to call on residents of the northern Gaza area to evacuate the area in accordance with the army’s instructions.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 27
  • (10 children8–10 women5–7 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education,Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (77) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0329

Incident date

October 18, 2023–October 19, 2024

Location

الشيخ عجلين, Sheikh Ajleen, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.504837, 34.424758 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 30 and 42 people, from a three month old to a 77 year old, were killed and a large number were injured when the home of the Saqa Allah family was reportedly bombed in what was reported to be a “double tap” Israeli airstrike during the night of Wednesday, October 18th 2023. The home was located behind a coffee shop in Sheikh Ajleen near Tal al-Hawa, in the west of the Gaza Strip.

Everyone who had been in the house was reportedly killed. Videos provided to CNN showed “charred ruins and rubble, of what relatives say used to be three buildings” in the Saqallah family compound. Relative’s accounts, reported by CNN, described a first strike followed by a second strike that reduced the compound to rubble and reportedly killed any survivors in the compound.

The victims were identified by their relatives as a set of four brothers 51-year-old Saed Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah, 49-year-old Omar Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah, 43-year-old Khourshid Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah and 37-year-old Ameed Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah (Abu Saif) as well as their sister 47-year-old Maysoon Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah and her son and daughter. Saed was killed alongside his wife, Noha Al-Qishawy, their son, 27-year-old Mohammed Saed Khourshid Saqa Allah and his wife 24-year-old Alaa Ayman Jafer Al-Helo as well as Saed’s daughters, two other sons and all of his grandchildren, according to a post by Saleh Abu Muhammad. Omar, also known as Abu Karam, was killed alongside his wife, 47-year-old Sahar Issam Abo Shaban, their daughters, their son 15-year-old Ahmad Omar Khourshid and Sahar’s father, 77-year-old Isam Jalal Abo Shaban. Isam’s wife, 67-year-old Layla Saqa Allah Abo Shaban (Umm Jalal) and their son, Ahmed, and daughter were also killed.

Multiple sources reported that the extended Saqa Allah family had gathered together in one house in Sheikh Aljeen to shelter from the ongoing bombardment of the Gaza Strip. CNN put the number of those killed at 42, while Press TV pointed out that the death toll was between 30 and 42.

CNN interviewed Manal Saqa Allah, the sister of Saed, Omar, Khourshid, Ameed and Maysoon, and her husband Tariq Hamouda, who have both lived in Minnesota, USA since 2004. Manal lost almost all of her family overnight and Tariq said that, even a week later, he and Manal could barely comprehend the news. He said that Manal loved every member of her family and spent the summer with them. Tariq also said that they didn’t have time to mourn as they were worried about the safety of few the who survived.

The elderly mother of Manal, Saed, Omar, Khourshaid, Ameed and Maysoon, referred to as Umm Saed and her grandson Karam Omar Saqa Allah survived the incident according to a Facebook post by Wasim Saqer. Tariq Hamouda reported that Umm Saed had been standing on a balcony when the first strike occurred and she had been able to escape with the help of another surviving relative. Tariq reported that she had said her sons had tried to evacuate but had not had time, adding that his family were not involved in any military activity.

Another American relative, South Florida resident, Eyad Abu Shaban, said “It’s like your whole world stops” and that the number of people killed in the incident is really hard to cope with. Eyad reported that the ages of the victims ranged from three months old to 77 years old and that they were all staying in a single compound.

According to Tariq, surviving family members told him that, before the incident, the Israeli Defense Force had called to say that there could be military activity in the area but had not told the family to evacuate their home. Adding that there had been bombings happening with and without warnings; he lamented the confusion and fear of the situation.

CNN had reached out to the IDF to confirm the strike. The IDF said they couldn’t comment without the coordinates of the house and the family declined to provide them for fear of reprisal.

Eyad Abu Shaban reported that amongst the victims in his family were multiple medical professionals and of the four brothers, Saed, Omar and Khourshid were eye doctors and Ameed was an ENT specialist. The Saqa Allah family ran the largest network of family-owned eye clinics in the Gaza Strip.

Many tributes were made to the family on Facebook and X (formerly Twitter), including a post from Adham Al-Sofar E who described the family as “the best people in morals and manner” and “friends like no other”.

CNN reported that the community in Maple Grove, Minnesota had rallied around Tariq and Manal, many had offered their support and others had gone to Brooklyn Park Islamic Center to pray for the family.

Tariq, Manal and Eyad expressed their deep distress to CNN, with Eyad saying “We’ve never seen in this day and age where the whole world is watching innocent people just being torn apart. Families, whole families, just wiped off the map,” and “I want everybody to know that the people of Gaza are just like them, they hurt, they bleed, they have families, they have feelings.”

Many sources reported that the bodies of victims were buried under rubble.

The surviving family members wrapped the victims in white burial shrouds and buried them in a mass grave, shown in a video provided to CNN.

Saed, Omar, Khourshid, Ameed, Maysoon, Mohammed, Sahar, Alaa, Isam, Layla and Ahmed Khourshid were matched to the list of fatalities published by the Palestinian Ministry of Health on October 26, 2023. Their names, ages and ID numbers are listed below.

Saed and Noha’s unnamed sons, daughters and grandchildren as well as Omar and Sahar’s unnamed daughters are not listed below unfortunately as no sources have confirmed how many they are.

The incident is likely to have occurred in the night between October 18 and 19, 2023. However, the exact time of the incident is not known.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli Forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around midnight.

The victims were named as:

Family members (16)

Saed Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah سعيد محمد خورشيد ساق الله
51 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 951903061
Noha Al Qishawi نهى القيشاوي
Adult female killed
Mohammed Saed Khourshid محمد سعيد خورشيد
27 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 401989181
Alaa Ayman Jafer Al Helo ألاء أيمن جعفر الحلو
24 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 405787268
Omar Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah عمر محمد خورشيد ساق الله
49 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 900257940
Sahar Issam Abo Shaban سحر عصام أبو شعبان
47 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 901358168
Ahmad Omar Khourshid أحمد عمر خورشيد
15 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 426335865
Khourshid Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah خورشيد محمد خورشيد ساق الله
47 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 906525100
Ameed Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah عميد محمد خورشيد ساق الله
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801516147
Maysoon Mohammed Khourshid Saqa Allah ميسون محمد خورشيد ساق الله
47 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 901319111
Maysoon's daughter ابنة ميسون
Age unknown female killed
Maysoon's son ابن ميسون
Age unknown male killed
Isam Jalal Abo Shaban عصام جلال أبو شعبان
77 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 906135736
Layla Abdul Rahman Rashid Abo Shaban ليلى عبد الرحمن رشيد ابو شعبان
67 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 905985552
Ahmed Abo Shaban أحمد ابو شعبان
Age unknown male killed
Issam's daughter ابنة عصام
Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    30 – 42
  • (4 children9–11 women10 men4 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adham Al-Sofar E
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Mushtaha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wasim Saqer i
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wasim Saqer i
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wasim Saqer i
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Gouda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AmrZaqout
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Sheikh Ajleen (الشيخ عجلين) to the west of Gaza city (غزة). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to find boundaries for the neighbourhood and to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Sheikh Ajleen are: 31.504837, 34.424758.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    30 – 42
  • (4 children9–11 women10 men4 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0316

Incident date

October 18, 2023

Location

رفح, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.296854, 34.243508 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At around 10 PM on Wednesday, 18th October, 2023, between 13 and 15 members of the Barika family were killed, including an elderly couple, five children and four women, among them a pregnant mother and her unborn baby, when an alleged Israeli airstrike hit their family home, west of the city of Rafah. At least twelve civilians, most of them children, were injured.

Shehab Agency initially reported 10 killed and a number of of injured in the attack. Referring to Palestinian sources, YPAgency reported that the death toll had risen to 13. A Facebook user Nonaa later wrote that 15 members of the Barika family had been killed, and that the death toll may rise as others could still be beneath the rubble.

Social media tributes by family and friends helped to identify the names of the thirteen killed members of the Barika family.

A grandfather, 54-year old Haji Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika (Abu Ihab) was killed alongside his wife 51-year old Taghreed Sabri Suleiman Barika, their two sons – 22-year old Jamal Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika and 29-year old Iyad Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika and their three daughters – 17-year old Haneen Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika, 27-year old Rawan Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika, and 14-year old Maram Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika. Abu Ihab also lost his brother, 56-year old Haji Kamel Khalil Rajab.

The attack also took the lives of their two daughters-in-law, wife of Jamal 23-year old Shams Amer Abdel-Rahman Barika and 30-year old Nidaa Ibrahim Hamma, and their grandchilren – a grandson (son of Iyad) 4-year old Ahmed Iyad Ahmed Barika, a granddaughter (daughter of Iyad) 6-year old Revan Iyad Ahmed Barika and a granddaughter (daughter of Nidaa) 7-year old Menna Imad Muhammad Baraka.

A Facebook user Akhmed Zorub posted a condolence message for his neighbours, the Barika family, and shared images of some of the victims. A family relative Abboud Mahmoud Barika wrote that “I cry with all the broken heart and sadness of the news”, and also shared some images, including those of the deceased children. Another family relative, Ahmed Khaled Barika, posted that “Today I bid farewell to my uncles and their children and grandchildren”. In his post, the images of some women who were killed in the strike could be seen.

Among the victims killed in the airstrike was an unborn girl Fatima Alzahraa. Twitter/X user @Sorita921 posted a picture of a baby half wrapped in a body bag, reporting that “a newborn girl came out of her martyr’s mother’s womb after seven months of pregnancy”. A Facebook user Nonaa Zakarea posted a graphic image of the dead fetus. It is unclear which of the women who was killed was pregnant.

A Facebook user Dejavo Soli reshared photos depicting groups of murdered children covered in ash and dust being wrapped up in body bags, with the comment; “these are not burnt dolls and put in bags. They are all extinguished, people of Gaza. For what sin were they killed? We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return”.

A number of civilians, most of them children, were also reported as injured in the deadly attack. Television network AJMubasher shared a heartbreaking video on Twitter/X of a young boy covered in dust from the rubble crying in distress from pain and calling his father. This video and pictures of the injured civilians shared by the Twitter/X user @Flood_Al_Aqsa and a Facebook user Jehan Yousef helped to ascertain at least twelve injured people, most of them small children. A child, Muhammed Barika, was reportedly taken to the hospital after the attack, but it is unclear whether the child received treatment or if it was successful.

A Facebook user Ibrahim shared a video online with the comment “Funeral of the Barika family massacre”. Large groups of men were depicted carrying bodies through the city to their burial place. People stood in a row along the street with their heads down and eyes closed, mourning the deaths of the murdered family.

The local sources mentioned “bombardment” and did not indicate whether that was artillery strike or airstrike. Several sources shared photos depicting a large heap of rubble, where a now destroyed building once stood, surrounded by groups of men searching in the darkness for missing people beneath.

Airwars has matched all of the names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika أحمد خليل رجب بريكة
54 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 908460108
Taghreed Sabri Suleiman Barika تغريد صبري سليمان بريكة
51 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802003475
Jamal Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika جمال أحمد خليل رجب بريكة
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407179308
Shams Amer Abdel-Rahman Barika شمس عامرعبد الرحمن بريكة
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 406949990
Iyad Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika إياد أحمد خليل رجب بريكة
29 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804511376
Ahmed Iyad Ahmed Barika أحمد إياد أحمد بريكة
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 441285707
Revan Iyad Ahmed Barika ريفان إياد أحمد بريكة
6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 438430720
Haneen Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika حنين أحمد خليل رجب بريكة
17 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424301950
Rawan Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika روان أحمد خليل رجب بريكة
27 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 402482293
Maram Ahmed Khalil Rajab Barika مرام أحمد خليل رجب بريكة
14 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 429110083
Nidaa Ibrahim Hamma نداء إبراهيم حماد بريكة
30 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 804459758
Menna Imad Muhammad Barika منة عماد محمد بركة
7 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437081367
Kamel Khalil Rajab كامل خليل رجب
56 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 919200204
Muhammad Barika محمد بريكة
Child male injured Matched to MoH ID 919200204

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 15
  • (5 children4 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (56) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @M0SC0W0
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Sorita921
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Flood_Al_Aqsa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Flood_Al_Aqsa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Flood_Al_Aqsa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Flood_Al_Aqsa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @alghadeer_tv
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nonaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nonaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nonaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dejavo
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dejavo
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dejavo
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dejavo
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abuferas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abuferas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nur
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nur
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aslam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aabodebreka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aabodebreka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aabodebreka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aabodebreka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aabodebreka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aabodebreka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hilmi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hilmi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hilmi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hilmi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mousa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamod
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Rafah (رفح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.296854, 34.243508. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 15
  • (5 children4 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0323

Incident date

October 18, 2023

Location

منزل لعائلة لبد قرب مسجد اليرموك بغزة, a house for the Labad family near the Yarmouk Mosque in Gaza, Jabalia, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 18th 2023, at around 5.15am, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the Labad family home near the Yarmouk Mosque, east of Jabalia Camp in Gaza. A number of deaths and injuries were reported, including several women and children. However, the precise number remains unknown as many victims were reported as still missing beneath the rubble. The victims have not been identified.

At 5.17am Shehab Agency reported ‘martyrs and wounded when occupation aircraft bombed a house for the Labad family near the Yarmouk Mosque in Gaza.’ Several other news outlets subsequently reported the same incident, mentioning killed and wounded victims, including women and children.

In videos and photos shared online, children are shown trapped beneath the rubble, dozens of people surround the victims trying to dig them out and others lift the collapsed building in search of other victims.  In a video shared by @SbintQtr, a young boy, buried chest deep in rubble, gestures in distress towards the camera as he, helped by those around him, tries to get out. The comment alongside the video reads ‘‘the moment a child was rescued from under the rubble after the occupation bombed a house for the Labad family east of the Jabalia camp, leaving a number of martyrs and injuries at dawn today.’

On the 19th October, the day after the incident, several users on social media reported that a number of victims were still beneath the rubble. @Alaqsavoice_Brk tweeted ‘there are a number of citizens under the rubble.’ Facebook user Anas also reported that ‘the search for missing persons is still ongoing.’

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 5:15 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Alaqsavoice_Brk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Alaqsavoice_Brk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Alaqsavoice_Brk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Alaqsavoice_Brk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mohamedsa2ed1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mohamedsa2ed1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @EekadFacts
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mutasemalyemen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mutasemalyemen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mutasemalyemen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mutasemalyemen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Safaagencyps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Safaagencyps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Safaagencyps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0300

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

محيط ملعب برقة, Vicinity of Burqa Stadium, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.285973, 34.253723 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 17th 2023, 12 civilians from the same family, including five women and three children, were reportedly killed and an unknown number of others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Al-Khawaja family home located in Al-Shaboura refugee camp in central Rafah near Burqa Stadium.

Safa News reported that “more than 10 unarmed civilians” were killed while Alarabiya Palestine identified 12 members of the Al-Khawaja family killed, along with images of their bodies wrapped in white shrouds and the funeral service. According to Aymen abo hatab al hawa, the funeral prayer was carried out at Al-Farouq Mosque in Al-Shaboura Camp and the burial occurred at Sultan Hill Cemetery.

A Facebook post by Musab Mohammad has identified all 12 of the victims. Hassan Mahmoud Al-Khawaja (Abu Ali) and his son, 29 year old Ibrahim Hassan Al Khawaja, were killed in the strike.

Hassan’s brother 54 year old Saber Mahmoud Al-Khawaja, his wife 50 year old Amal Abdul Aziz Al Khawaja and their children, 28 year old Muhammad Saber Al-Khawaja, 23 year old Asmaa Saber Al Khawaja and 20 year old Iman Saber Al Khawaja were also among those killed.

In addition, Hassan’s daughter-in-law 32 year old Walaa Muhammad Al-Khawaja Adwan (wife of Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja) and her daughters 2 year old Sila Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja and 9 year old Sarah Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja were also all killed in the strike.

Hassan’s grandson Khaled Muhammad Fathi Jabr (child, son of Amaal Almahmoud) has also been identified and described as ‘the cutest and sweetest child in the world’ in a Facebook post by user Leqa Al Saadi. Lega’s post added that Khaled was finally born after 5 years of trying, and he had a twin brother named Adam who passed away a few hours after his birth. Khaled is pictured in his school uniform wearing a backpack.

A further Facebook post by Eman abu Koush paid tribute to 30 year old Manal Musa Mustafa Al-Khawaja Abu Armana (wife of Ali Hassan Al-Khawaka) who was among those killed and ‘prayed for mercy for her daughters’.

Multiple sources reported that “injuries” resulted from the strike. However, none provided an exact number of injuries.

The five-floor residential building reportedly provided refuge to families who had been displaced, with one source reporting that over 50 members of the Al-Khawaja were in the building. Images distributed on Facebook capture locals recovering the dead and injured from the rubble.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (12)

Hassan Mahmoud Al-Khawaja حسن محمود الخواجة
Adult male killed
Ibrahim Hassan Al Khawaja ابراهيم حسن الخواجة
29 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804766228
Saber Mahmoud Al-Khawaja صابر محمود الخواجة
54 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 958567596
Amal Abdul Aziz Al Khawaja مل عبد العزيز الخواجة
50 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 931685655
Muhammad Saber Al-Khawaja محمد صابر الخواجة
28 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400873030
Asmaa Saber Al Khawaja اسماء صابر الخواجة
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 405948134
Iman Saber Al Khawaja ايمان صابر الخواجة
20 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408716926
Walaa Muhammad Al-Khawaja Adwan ولاء محمد الخواجا عدوان
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803276187
Sila Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja سيلا محمود حسن الخواجة
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445257033
Sarah Mahmoud Hassan Al-Khawaja سارة محمود حسن الخواجة
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 433569365
Khaled Muhammad Fathi Al-Khawaja Jabr خالد محمد فتحي الخواجا جبر
Child male killed
Manal Musa Mustafa Al-Khawaja Abu Armana منال موسي مصطفي الخواجا أبوعرمانة
30 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 804429181

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (3 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (30) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adle abo batta
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud elmassri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud elmassri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud elmassri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asad al shareq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Palestine202229
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Palestine202229
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya Palestain
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fady KH
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo mohammad mesara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo mohammad mesara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Leqa al saadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Burqa Stadium (ملعب برقة) in Rafah (رفح). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.285973, 34.253723

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  • Imagery:
    AFP News Agency

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (3 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]