Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TI101

Incident date

December 28, 2023

Location

قرية كاركي, Karki, Sinjar District, Mosul Province, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Between 6 and 8 PM on Thursday, December 28th, 2023, at least five people were killed and two others injured after an alleged Turkish drone strike on the village of Karki in the Sinjar district of Mosul province. The civilian status of five of the men killed is contested within the sources.

Those killed were young men, originally from northern and eastern Syria; information on the wounded was not made available. Roj News, in conjunction with the Democratic Autonomous Administration of Shingal District identified the deceased as follows: 21-year-old Ramadan al-Hammadi, originally from Raqqa; 24-year-old Shaheen Ali, from Kobani; 20-year-old Hussein al-Hussein, also from Raqqa; 23-year-old Ahmed al-Mohammed al-Ali, from Raqqa; and Raqqa-born Munir al-Bakour. al-Bakour’s age was not publicly declared.

There remains dispute regarding the circumstances of the strike. While the local administration in Sinjar reported those killed were working digging wells to provide water for the villages of Kora Samukiya, Al-Arbay News stated that the bombing was a deliberate strike targeting the Kurdistan Workers’ Party. Al-Araby claimed their source, members of Nineveh security, as saying the strike targeted “a group of Labor Party activists.” Al-Arbay also specified that the local Sinjar administration is “known for its association” with the PKK.

Haider Sheshu, a commander of local militia Ezidkhan Protection Units, stated that he was unsure “whether the dead were fighters or civilians.”

Roj News reported the belligerent bombed the area three consecutive times. All of the sources attributed the drone strikes to Turkish forces.

The incident occured between 6:00 pm and 8:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Water station
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (0–5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–5

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Source: Roj News
  • Source: Roj News
  • Source: Roj News
  • Source: Roj News
  • Source: Hawar News
  • Source: Hawar News
  • Source: Hawar News

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Water station
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (0–5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–5

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1371

Incident date

December 1, 2023

Location

محيط مستشفى ناصر, Vicinity of Nasser Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.346941, 34.293052 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one person was killed and a number of people were injured on Friday, December 1, 2023, when the Qanan family home near Nasser Hospital, west of Khan Younis, in the south of the Gaza Strip, was reportedly bombed by an Israeli military aircraft.

The man identified by sources as killed was Arafat Mustafa Qanan, also known as Al-Sakhr or Abu Sakhr.

@CensoredNws and @AlAYASHxs reported that a number of people were killed and injured in the incident but did not give exact figures.

Multiple family members made heartfelt tributes to Arafat, including his brother, Tareq, and sister, Asmaa. Iyad Hamdi described Arafat in a post on Facebook as ‘good’ and ‘pure’ and others described their intense grief at his loss. @Abood_Shantii described him as a ‘beloved friend and neighbour’.

Videos and images posted on Facebook show civil defence crews and others searching through the dusty rubble of the Qanan family home and carrying out at least one victim. The house appeared completely destroyed with only pillars and a broken, sagging ceiling remaining. Images taken by Amr Tabsh and posted by multiple sources show children’s toys amongst the rubble.

According to Al Ghad TV, the Qanan family home was the first strike to occur after the temporary ceasefire between Israel and Gaza ended.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Arafat Mustafa Qanan عرفات مصطفى قنن
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

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    Source: @jihadabuhamdans
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    Source: @jihadabuhamdans
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    Source: @albaharmalik
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    Source: MsdrNews
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    Source: MsdrNews
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    Source: MsdrNews
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    Source: MsdrNews
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    Source: Iyad Hamdi
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    Source: Qanan family
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    Source: Tareq Qanan
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Amr Batsh
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    Source: Asmaa Qanan
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Nasser Hospital (مستشفى ناصر) to the west of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.346941, 34.293052. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1238

Incident date

November 20, 2023

Location

مدرسة البريج في مخيم البريج, Bureij Preparatory School for Boys, Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.439399, 34.408896 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At around midday on Monday, November 20th 2023, an alleged Israeli bombing of the Bureij Preparatory School for Boys located in the Block 12 of the Bureij refugee camp in the Gaza Strip reportedly killed at least 12 civilians, including children and women, and injured at least 35 civilians. The school run by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Refugees (UNRWA) provided shelter for about two thousand displaced people fleeing from Central and Northern Gaza, according to the Hamas-affiliated Quds News Network report.

Al Jazeera’s correspondent Hani Mahmoud reported that although there was a UNRWA flag on the roof of the affected school building, the Israeli armed forces still allegedly bombed it. The Twitter/X accounts Palestine Now (@PalestineNW) and @AlarabyT shared videos showing the aftermath of the attack where broken furniture in the school’s yard and traces of blood on the ground were to be seen.

According to the video shared by the Twitter/X account of the Palestinian Refugee Portal, the attack happened at lunch time when people staying at the school’s premises were cooking. A young Palestinian girl in the video shared by the Twitter/X account @AlQastalps also said that “we were making food when a large bomb came upon us.” A young boy featured in the video by the Twitter/X account @M0SC0W0 said that during the bombardment he was staying at the school and was drinking water while @qudsn spoke with a man who “went to the market and came back and found his children had been bombed.

Referring to the Hamas statement where Hamas had called for an immediate action “to stop the targeting of civilians in schools protected under international law”, Anadolu Agency reported that more than 10 civilians were killed in the bombing. RT Arabic and Middle East Eye reported about 12 victims while Arabi 21 and Quds News Network estimated the total number of deaths as 15. Al Jazeera wrote that there were at least 20 killed civilians. Twitter/X user @PalinfoAr shared a heartbreaking video of a mother searching for her children among the dead bodies wrapped in white cloth.

Airwars identified the names of two of the victims killed in the attack  – Sami Mohammed Kalab and Bashir Othamn. Both names were identified from videos and images showing the body bags of the victims.

As no clear information was yet available regarding the number of children killed, and as several sources reported that the majority of the victims were children, Airwars estimated between six and 10 children killed – half of the total numbers of victims reportedly killed.

Dozens of civilians, most of them children, were also reportedly wounded in the attack on the UNRWA school. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported about 35 injured civilians. The Telegram channel of Quds News Network and a Twitter/X account @fouadkhreiss shared videos of the injured children being transported to a hospital. A Twitter/X account @EyeonPalestine shared an emotional video of a young Palestinian boy taking care of his sister injured in the school’s bombing. Al-Jazeera Gaza published a video showing the damage inside the school on Facebook where an eye-witness interviewed  said that women were also among the victims – without providing a number. As such, Airwars estimated that 17 children were injured and at least two women were killed, and two other women injured in the attack. These estimations will be updated once more information comes to light.

The sources differed in their reporting on the nature of the deadly strike. While OCHA, Arabi 21, Safa News and Quds News Network reported that the school was hit by artillery fire, Anadolu Agency referring to a Hamas statement as well as Middle East Eye wrote that it was an airstrike allegedly perpetrated by the Israeli military.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. The Israeli military did not comment on the strike.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 11:52 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Sami Mohammed Kalab سامي محمد كلاب
Age unknown male killed
Bashir Othamn بشير عثمان
Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, School, UN facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 20
  • (6–10 children2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (35) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

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Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Bureij Preparatory School for Boys (مدرسة البريج في مخيم البريج) in Bureij (البريج). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.439399, 34.408896.  

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  • Imagery:
    @CensoredNws

  • Imagery:
    @CensoredNws

  • Imagery:
    @CensoredNws

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, School, UN facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 20
  • (6–10 children2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (35) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0984a

Incident date

November 8, 2023

Location

محيط شارع الصناعة, Vicinity of Al Sinaa Street, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.509642, 34.443460 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On November 8, 2023, two brothers – Muhammad Azmi al Rayees and engineer Muayyad Azmi al Rayees, as well as their cousin Fares Faza al Rayees, were killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike while trying to recover the body of their brother Dr. Maisara Al Rayees from the rubble of the Al Rayees family house in Gaza City.

Three days earlier, on November 5, their father Azmi al Rayees, their mother Enaya, their siblings Dr. Maisara, Uraib and Izza, as well as Izza’s three children, were killed by the first alleged Israeli airstrike on the family home. This incident is recorded in casualty assessment ISPT0905.

According to testimony posted on Facebook by Jaser Zourob, a friend of the late Dr. Maisara, ambulance personnel were unable to initially rescue family members due to the shortage of fuel and equipment. Therefore the two brothers tried to remove the bodies themselves in order to check whether “there was someone still breathing”. Jaser Zourob shared his loss of “Father Azmi Al Rayees, sons, Dr. Maisara, our friend, engineer Muayyad, his brother, sisters, and grandchildren. Each of them has a story, a dream, a goal, and an ambition. They are not just numbers, and we are not just numbers.”

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Muhammad Azmi Al-Rayes محمد عزمي الريس
male killed
Muayyad Azmi Al-Rayes مؤيد عزمي الريس
male Brother of Muhammad killed
Fares Faza Al-Rayes فارس الريس
male Cousin of Muhammad and Muayyad killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

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    Source: @mohammedhaniya
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    Source: @mohammedhaniya
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    Source: @mohammedhaniya
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    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
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    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
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    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
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    Source: Jaser Zourob
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    Source: Jaser Zourob
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    Source: Jaser Zourob
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    Source: Ola Kobbani
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    Source: Ola Kobbani
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    Source: Ola Kobbani
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    Source: Leqa'a Al Saadi
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Sinaa Street (شارع الصناعة) in Gaza city (غَزَّة), and specify that the strike occurred at the site of a previous strike, assessed by Airwars with the code ISPT0905. Available imagery from each strike supports this conclusion. The exact coordinates for the previous strike are: 31.509642, 34.443460.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0905

Incident date

November 5, 2023

Location

محيط شارع الصناعة, Vicinity of Al Sinaa Street, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.509642, 34.443460 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Eight people, including three children, all from the Al Rayees family, were killed on November 5, 2023, when two alleged Israeli missiles hit their seven-story house, the Al-Safadi Building on Al-Sinaa Street.

@Hakeam_ps, a neighbour of Al Rayees family, described their own escape and forced displacement after their house was destroyed in the same strike, adding that they were now isolated without electricity. The source said “What happened could never be described, more like an earthquake, but more violent… Dust stormed the house, fragments everywhere. My mother and her grandchildren were in a state of panic and fear”.

The family members were killed across three generations: grandfather Azmi Al Rayees and his wife Enaya Al Rayees were killed alongside their son, Dr Maisara Azmi Al Rayees, and their daughters, Uraib Al Rayees and Izza Al Rayees. Izza’s three children Karim Ramez Samir Nabhan, Adam Ramez Samir Nabhan, and Sham Ramez Samir Nabhan were killed as well.

Several local sources reported that the bodies of the victims killed could not be rescued due to a lack of suitable equipment to search through the rubble of the family home. @HuDa_NaIm92 said that some neighbors were “digging with their hands under piles of stones and rubble”. Mai Mare on Facebook reported that “There is no hope of retrieving them. There is no equipment, no gasoline or diesel, no bulldozers, nothing.”  Leqa’a Al Saadi said on Facebook that Muhammad Al Rayees and Moayad Al Rayees, two brothers from the Al Rayees family who reportedly survived the attack, “tried in every possible way to search for their family and extract them from under the rubble, hoping to find them or some of them alive”.

The next day, on social media, Amr Tabaza called Palestinians in Gaza to help reach the members of Al Rayees family buried under the rubble, saying “The building is 7 floors… and no one has reached them so far.”. On November 7th, on Twitter, @Ali_Hisham added that Maisara Al Rayees had been buried under the rubble for two days and asked for help to “exhume his body to tell him goodbye one last time”. A second strike was reported in the same location just days after the incident, with additional casualties alleged. This incident will be assessed separately by Airwars.

Dr Maisara Al Rayees was described as a maternal and child health specialist and a graduate of a prestigious UK Foreign Office Chevening Scholarship through which he studied at King’s College London for his master’s degree. Mai Mare said that Maisara worked with Doctors Without Borders. The same source indicated that she had met Maisara two months ago to send him “a special invitation to meet with British Foreign Secretary Cleverly to talk to him face to face about Gaza”. Mai added: “Just last month, I contacted Maisara and asked him if they would like me to work on a video for the Chevening Scholarships as a photo story, telling the story of [him and his wife’s] love, education and work in Gaza, but today, my heart is heavy and worn out with this news.” One source described Maisara as ambitious, kind and calm; someone who loved to help people. He had recently married his partner Laura Al Hayyek, whom he met on the scholarship programme. Laura Al Hayyek, an employee of the United Nations and a graduate of the Chevening Scholarship, was reported as killed in the bombing by some sources. However through private communication, Airwars researchers have been able to confirm that she was not present when the strike occurred.

Uraib Al Rayees was described as creative. He was said to be a dentist and a painter.

A BBC article published five days after the strike reported that “The Foreign Office on Wednesday said it was “devastated” and offered condolences to the surviving family and “Chevening Alumni community” over the death of Dr Al Rayees but didn’t give any details about what happened to him, or where.” The handling of this incident reportedly led to internal complaints within the Foreign Office that the government was showing a “permissive approach” to Israel “breaching international humanitarian law””.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Azmi Al Rayees عزمي الريّس
Adult male killed
Enaya Al Rayees عناية الريس
Adult female killed
Uraib Al Rayees عريب الريس
Adult female killed
Izza Al Rayees عزة الريس
Adult female killed
Maisara Al Rayees ميسرة عزمي الريّس
Adult male killed
Karim Ramez Samir Nabhan كريم رامز سمير نبهان
Child male killed
Adam Ramez Samir Nabhan آدم رامز سمير نبهان
Child male killed
Sham Ramez Samir Nabhan شام رامز سمير نبهان
Child male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children3 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

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    Source: @GazaShaheed
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    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @yazanabueid
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mai Mare
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tahany Hedar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Q.D
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Ali_Hisham
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    Source: @Ali_Hisham
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    Source: @Ali_Hisham
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    Source: @Ali_Hisham
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    Source: @ShaymaAlWaheidi
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Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Sinaa Street (شارع الصناعة) in Gaza city (غَزَّة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.509642, 34.443460.

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  • Imagery:
    @MuathHumaid

  • Imagery:
    @MuathHumaid

  • Imagery:
    @MuathHumaid

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children3 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0821

Incident date

November 2, 2023

Location

قطعة 4 في مخيم البريج, Block 4 in Bureij camp, Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.440652, 34.402793 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Thursday, November 2nd 2023, at least 29 identified civilians, including at least seven women and eleven children, were reportedly killed, dozens of civilians (among them a woman and child) were injured and eight residential houses were completely destroyed as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike and/or artillery shelling on the residential neighborhood in block 4 (Akl family square) of the Bureij camp market located in the middle of the Gaza Strip. Al Jazeera Arabic (@AJArabic) also shared a video of the aftermath of the attack on Twitter/X, emphasizing that the bombardment was very close to the place of a previous attack.

Eight deceased members of the Agel family were remembered in a heartfelt Facebook testimony by Mosab Agel. Mosab’s mother, Kholoud Akl (Um Mosab) was killed together with her daughters (Mosab’s sisters) Saja Agel and Raghad Agel, whom he called “my beloved ones, the joy of my heart, and my comforters”. His uncle, his “caring companion” Maher Agel (Akl), his aunt Samah Agel together with her son, Baraa Agel, also lost their lives in the attack. Mosab Agel also mentioned his beloved cousin Hazem Hamza Agel and his other cousin, the child Ola Agel (Jamila), among the killed victims.

A young man Maher Aqel (Akl) was also remembered in a Facebook tribute on November 10th by Alburaij1948 where he was called “a precious Moon of the Bureij”. It was said that he was injured a few days before in this attack in Block 4.

The Wishah family suffered losses, having lost 19 family members in the attack. A family member Yasser Hassan Washah initially wrote in a Facebook post that the sons and grandchildren of his late uncle Saeed Ibrahim Weshah who had died during the first days of the war as well as their children and grandchildren were under the rubble. He also showed a video trying to pull two of his cousin Saeed Washah’s children from under the rubble.

In a later Facebook testimony he mourned the details of the family members killed in the strike, in particular, the uncle Saeed’s wife, Salwa Wishah (“Umm Rami”) and her sister, Sawsan Al-Sayyid; Salwa’s son, Waseem Saeed Wishah; daughter of Salwa, Haneen Saeed Wishah; and daughter-in-law of Salwa, Amani Jamal Wishah. He further mentioned the deceased children of Amani – a son Ahmed Wishah* and the daughters Dana Wishah* and Alma Wishah*. Among the victims was also another son of Salwa Wishah, Muhammad Saeed Wishah who was killed together with his wife, Salwa Muhammad Wishah, and their four children: two sons – Amir Wishah* and Saif Wishah* and two daughters – Maryam Wishah* and Mira Wishah*. A one-year old injured girl May Wishah who was the only surviving child of Salwa and Muhamad Wishah, and appears on an image shared by Yasser Hassan Washah in a red sweater holding a comb in her hands.

A daughter-in-law of Salwa married to Firas Saeed Weshah was injured, but their three children –  two daughters Salma Wishah* and Elin (Eileen) Wishah* and a son Said Wishah* were all killed. The woman was pregnant at the time of the attack. She suffered a pelvic fracture and gave birth to a baby boy several days after her injury. According to Yasser Hassan Washah, she still suffers from the risk of infection. One of her children, Muhammad, survived. They were reported to have remained in the field hospital located at the Ibn Rushd School in Al-Zawaida for some time.

The social media source Alburaij1948 also mourned the death of Al-Hajj Eid Othman Eid (Abu Muhammad), Mouhib Issa (Abu Hammam), and Yamen Raed Hamad, all of whom used to live in the Block 4 of Bureji camp. Alburaij1948 posted his tribute to Al-Hajj Eid Othman Eid, referring to him as a “good neighbor” and attaching a picture of the elderly man with a grey beard. Alburaij1948 also posted a tribute to a young man Yamen Raed Hamad pictured in a black-red sports jacket.

Alburaij1948 also shared the picture of the late Mouhib Issa – a smiling young man. The death of Mouhib Issa was also mourned by his friend Sameh Al Batran who shared the image of Sameh together with a young boy. Watan news shared an emotional video of the late Mouhib’s wife where she was mourning her deceased husband.

Samir Ahmed Al-Afghani (Abu Ahmed) also died in the bombardment, and was remembered in a Facebook testimony by the family of Abo Salem Al Masri that shared an image of an elderly man in a black coat. Samir’s nephew Benzaher Ali wrote his own tribute to his uncle, calling him “ kind-hearted and kind to the young and the old.”

The Palestinian refugee portal informed that the attack caused massive destruction in Block 4 in the center of the camp where more than 200 people, most of them children and women, used to live. The Tiwitter/X user Jalal (@JalalAK_jojo) reported that eight residential houses were flattened, attaching a video with the apocalyptic scenes of the destruction, while Facebook user Fadi Sh added that these houses were located in the Akl family square in the middle of the Bureij camp market. RassdNewsN added that shrapnel from the bombing and house debris fell on schools housing displaced people.

Eyewitnesses and journalists reported heartbreaking scenes accompanying the devastating effects of the bombardment. A video by the Palestinian press agency Safa on Twitter/X shows a young girl covered with dust who was being taken out from under the rubble of her family’s building and who asked the rescuers: “Are you taking me to the cemetery?”

Another emotional video shared by @EekadFacts and many other Twitter/X users shows a desperate father looking for his four children, wife and father, sifting through rubble with his bare hands, calling their names and crying as he received no response. A Twitter user @ajmubasher shared a video of a young crying boy looking for his mother after the deadly attack.

A survivor of the strike shared his experiences with Al Jazeera. “My family and I were sitting, and all of a sudden, we heard a huge explosive. Everything was flying around us. We couldn’t see anything but dust and smoke. It was massive. The whole area is turned upside down … all in a second. That was my home [pointing to rubble]. Now it is totally in ruins. I do not know what to say. We are helpless.”

Shehab Agency initially reported about “dozens of martyrs, wounded and missing people”, sharing the gruesome images of the smoke arising over the rubble. Mahmoud Basal, spokesman for the Palestinian Civil Defense in the Gaza Strip, said that the Civil Defense crews recovered 15 killed victims, noting that there were dozens of injured and missing people under the rubble of homes, and defense crews were working to recover them. Safa journalist reported about 22 civilians were killed. Only one local source estimated the potential death toll to be as high as 200 civilians. In a video shared by Twitter/X user @MunaHawwa, a young man present at the scene said that “there are at least 200 martyrs and missing persons”, but other local sources and news agencies did not report a comparable number of casualties. Based on the social media testimonies of the relatives and friends of the victims, Airwars identified 29 civilians by name that were reported killed in the deadly bombardment of the Bureji camp. Due to the lack of corroborating reporting for the higher casualty estimate, Airwars has put this casualty estimate to 29 civilians – though will update the range should further information come to light.

Al Jazeera reported that residents of Bureij chanted “a massacre, a massacre” as they covered the bodies of those killed in Thursday’s strike with blankets. Alhaya news shared the images from the funeral prayer for the victims where bodies covered with white clothes can be seen.

Dozens of civilians, including many small children, were reportedly injured. Al Jazeera shared a video that showed the arrival of a large number of children among other civilian casualties to the “Al-Aqsa Martyrs” Hospital in the city of Deir al-Balah in the Gaza Strip, while the Twitter/X user @AlQastalps shared images of the wounded children.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. The exact time of the attack is unknown.

*Airwars has quantified them as children based on the ages of family members and images provided by sources.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Kholoud (Um Mus’ab) خلود أم مصعب
Adult female killed
Saja Agel رغد عقل
female killed
Raghad Agel سجى عقل
female killed
Maher Agel ماهر عقل
Adult male killed
Samah Agel سماح عقل
Adult female killed
Baraa Agel براء الحنون
male killed
Hazem Hamza Agel حازم حمزة عقل
killed
Ola Agel علا عقل
Child killed

Family members (19)

Salwa Washah, Umm Rami سلوى وشاح
Adult female killed
Sawsan Al-Sayyid سوسن السيد
Adult female killed
Waseem Saeed Wishah وسيم سعيد وشاح
male killed
Haneen Saeed Wishah حنين وشاح
female killed
Amani Jamal Wishah أماني جمال وشاح
Adult female killed
Ahmed Wishah أحمد وشاح
male killed
Dana Wishah دانا وشاح
female killed
Alma Wishah ألمى وشاح
female killed
Muhammad Saeed Wishah محمد سعيد وشاح
Adult male killed
Salwa Muhammad Wishah سلوى محمد وشاح
Adult female killed
Amir Wishah أمير وشاح
male killed
Saif Wishah سيف وشاح
male killed
Maryam Wishah مريم وشاح
female killed
Mira Wishah ميرا وشاح
female killed
Mai Wishah مي وشاح
1 years old female injured
Daughter in law of Salwa كنة سلوى وشاح
Adult female pregnant injured
Salma Wishah سلمى وشاح
female killed
Elin Wishah ألين وشاح
female killed
Said Wishah
female killed

The victims were named as:

Eid Othman Eid عيد عثمان عيد
Adult male killed
Mouhib Issa مهيب عيسى
Age unknown male killed
Samir Al Afghani سمير الأفغاني
Adult male killed
Yamen Raed Hamad يامن رائد حمد
Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    29
  • (11–14 children7–9 women6–7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (64) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (54) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @irode0
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlQastalps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlQastalps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlQastalps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlQastalps
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Haya PS
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Haya PS
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alburaij1948
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alburaij1948
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alburaij1948
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: RassdNewsN
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: RassdNewsN
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: RassdNewsN
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: RassdNewsN
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sameh Al Batran
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Salem Al Masri
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alburaij1948
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yasser Hassan Washah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @QudsNen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @QudsNen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @QudsNen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @QudsNen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention Block 4 (كتلة 4) in the centre of Bureij (البريج). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.440652, 34.402793.

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  • Imagery:
    @IRIMFA_SPOX

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    29
  • (11–14 children7–9 women6–7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (64) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0587

Incident date

October 25, 2023

Location

بمحيط برج التاج 3, Vicinity of Al Taj Tower 3, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.521604, 34.460559 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 25, 2023, an alleged Israeli strike on the Al-Taj building and surrounding areas killed at least 101 people, including 44 children and 37 women, and injured “hundreds” of others.

Lower initial death tolls were reported in the immediate aftermath of the strike, with casualty counts challenged by so many individuals trapped underneath the rubble. Members of the Ramlawi family were found alive after being able to send a call for help underneath the rubble of the fourth floor of the Al Taj 3 building. Survivors Khaled Saed Al Ramlawi, Osama Al Daki, Saeed Amer Al Ramlawi, Hamoud Ahmad Al Ramlawi lost 19 family members in the strike.

The Israel Defense Forces published a video of what it said were strikes on a “Hamas terror tunnel,” without further details. In the footage a large building and its surrounding area is struck multiple times within a second, with a number of what are potentially secondary explosions occurring six seconds later. Airwars was able to geolocate the footage and confirm the large building in the frame was the Al-Taj. There was no further details on the damage to the alleged tunnel network.

@ShehabAgency initially reported that 40 bodies were recovered from the rubble alongside dozens of wounded people following the Israeli airstrike on Al-Taj Building 3 and Yarmouk and Al-Jalaa Streets. @naveedmarfani put the number of killed at 25, adding that “hundreds” were injured, while Al Bawaba News quoting the Palestinian Ministry of Interior reported more than 100 people had been wounded. The day after the incident, @d_f115 reported that the death count had reached 61 and the search was still going on for other missing people under the rubble. @QamareAlam21 specified that more than 120 people, including “8 entire families” were buried under the rubble.

The Sharaf family

At least 37 members of the Sharaf family across three generations were reported killed in the strike. Omar Sharaf (Abu Ismail) and his wife Umm Ismail Sharaf lost at least six of their children and children-in-law, as well as 16 grandchildren. Omar’s two brothers and their families were also killed in the strike: Abu Osama Sharaf, Osama’s wife, three children and grandchild, and Dr Khaled Sharaf, his wife and their three children.

The names of those killed were mostly identified by relatives on social media, and are identified below.

Omar and Ismail Sharaf’s children and grandchildren

Omar and Ismail’s Sharaf’s daughter-in-law Islam Baalousha (wife of their surviving son Yousef) was reportedly killed alongside her three daughters Malak Sharaf*, Yasmine Sharaf*, Nour Sharaf* and son Malik Sharaf*. A video posted by a cousin, named Yousef Sharaf, shows Yousef Sharaf Abu Malik mourning for his wife Islam and four children who were all killed. @Mansorryaan tweeted the day after the incident that their colleague Yousef’s wife, children, and other relatives were still under the rubble. Yousef Sharaf, a program producer at Shehab News Agency, tweeted that “my father, my mother, my wife, my children, and most of my brothers and their families were martyred” and described his son Malik as “The son of my heart, my darling, my successor, and my heir, like the breeze, he lived among us, flying with joy and spreading love, just like his features in this picture, and in all the pictures!” @ShehabAgency also tweeted a condolence message for their journalist Yousef.

Omar and Umm Ismail’s son Ismail Sharaf, his wife and their son Omar Sharaf* were also killed. Ismail’s brother Yousef (@_Ysharaf) described Omar as Ismail’s “first joy, his great redress, and his great compensation”, and that Omar “came carrying joy on the day of Tarwiyah, which preceded the last Eid al-Adha, and he left life with his father, mother, and my family during the Battle of Al-Aqsa Flood”.

Omar and Umm Ismail’s son Abdul Rahim Sharaf, his wife Aliaa Ramzi Al Hinawi, their son* and their three daughters* were killed. Nermin Hinawi posted a condolence message for his cousin Dr. Aliaa Ramzi Al Hinawi, her husband, and her four children. Images show the parents and four children, including an infant, with all of the children looking to be under the age of 10.

Omar and Umm Ismail’s son Salah Sharaf and his son Hamza Sharaf* were also all killed. Omar and Umm Ismail’s daughter Asma Sharaf, her daughter Hala Dawoud*, her daughter Sama Dawoud*, her daughter Jour Dawoud*, and her daughter Lana Dawoud* were killed. A post by Sereen Daoud described Lana as “her father’s firstborn and his first joy. Lana is the superior, ambitious, dreamer; She used to stay up with me and sit with me during the war nights, telling me about her hopes and dreams. She competed with me in memorizing the Qur’an.”

Hala was described as “the spontaneous, kind, and innocent woman…She would ask me every night to comb her hair and play with her so she would forget the nights of terror we lived through. She stood next to me in the kitchen while I was preparing food and whispered in my ear: “Auntie, I make you the best food ever.” On the last night she spent at my house, she woke up to the sound of bombing and panic filled her heart, asking me; Auntie, do your feet hurt from fear as much as they hurt me?”

Sama was described as “the energetic and responsible one (the logistics person in charge at home), as her father calls her. She was older than her age and saw more of life than she could bear. During the hours of bombing and evacuation, she was the one who packed bags.”

Jour was described as “the love of the house, her mother’s darling, and my daughter Sandy’s companion in kindergarten. They always shared a lunch box in kindergarten. They played together and quarreled innocently over a piece of candy or a toy. Jour left, leaving her friend Sandy alone.” Asma was described as “We used to share together in making bread and preparing food during the war days… She would stand next to me in the kitchen, we would prepare food and talk together, and every night she would prepare the pot of tea that my son Ahmed loved from under her hands”.

Omar and Umm Ismail’s other daughter Alaa Sharaf and her daughters* were killed. @_Ysharaf refers to his sister Alaa as “the apple of my heart” and only mentions that her “daughters” were killed, which Airwars has quantified as two casualties.

Abu Osama Sharaf’s family

Omar Sharaf (Abu Ismail)’s brother Abu Osama Sharaf, his wife, his daughter Wissam, his daughter Israa, his daughter Doaa, and Doaa’s child Obaida* were killed. Fatma Mohammed referred to Doaa Sharaf as a media personality, adding that she was killed along with her child and that some of her family members were still under the rubble.

Dr. Khaled Sharaf’s family

Omar Sharaf’s brother Dr. Khaled Sharaf, his wife, his son Abdullah, his son Karim, and his daughter Jodi were killed. Family member @_Ysharaf identified Khaled Sharaf as a “doctor and lecturer at Al-Aqsa University”. A nephew of Omar Sharaf (Abu Ismail) stated that approximately 50 members of the family had been killed and that “All the words of the Arabic language cannot describe the sadness and oppression in our hearts over this great affliction”. Other family members, including @_Ysharaf, identified 37 members of the family killed.

The Radwan family

At least 15 members of the Radwan family were reportedly killed in the strike, across three generations.

Hassan Radwan and other members of the Al-Mahlawi family provided the names of the family members killed: grandmother Buthaina Radwan (Al-Mahlawi), killed alongside her son Mahmoud Awni Al-Mahlawi, her son Osama Awni Al-Mahlawi, her daughter Faten Awni Al-Mahlawi, her son Muhammad Awni Al-Mahlawi, Muhammad’s wife Asmaa Jihad Abu Al-Amrain (Al-Mahlawi), Muhammad and Asmaa’s child Rawad Muhammad Al-Mahlawi*, their daughter Habiba Muhammad Al-Mahlawi*, their son Abd al-Rahman Muhammad Al-Mahlawi*.

Buthaina’s daughter Mona Aouni Al-Mahlawi was also killed alongside her husband Walid Abdel Haq Al Mahlawi, their daughters Nagham Walid Al Mahlawi*, Nada Walid Al Mahlawi*, Hoda Walid Al-Mahlawi*, and son Moaz Walid Al-Mahlawi*.

Hassan Radwan Posted a condolence message for his wife’s aunt, Buthaina, along with her children “the friend Muhammad” and his wife and three children, “the lawyer Mahmoud”, and Mona and her husband Walid and their four children. Early reports noted that two of Buthaina’s other children Osama and Faten were still under the rubble, though they were later reported killed.

The Al-Banna family

Mufid Fayez Al-Banna and his wife Nourhan Nour Al-Din (Al-Banna) were killed and their daughter Asmaa Al Banna was injured. Mahmoud Hamada described Mufid Fayez as his “dear uncle, my father-in-law, my friend, and my brother” adding that “eyes shed tears and the heart grieves, and we are saddened by your departure, our dear martyr.” Asmaa Al Banna was rescued from under the rubble after four days, and one source described it as “Asmaa is living with a divine miracle”. Asmaa’s brother Mohammad Al Banna mourned for his parents and reported that as of November 6th Asmaa was still being treated in intensive care.

The Jarada family

At least 17 members of the Jarada family were reported killed across three generations. Their names were identified by family members on social media.

Marwan Al Maidana was among those posting condolence messages for the following family members: the father Nasr Rabah Jarada (Abu Tamer), his wife Naama Abu Al-Ezz (Jarada), their daughters Nisreen Nasr Jarada, Haneen Nasr Jarada, and Tamer Nasr Jarada.

Nasr and Naama’s grandchildren were also killed, identified as Nasr Mahmoud Jarada* and Abdullah Mahmoud Jarada*.

Nasr’s brother Harbi Rabah Jarada (Abou Rabah), Harbi’s wife Fawzia Abu Al-Auf (Jarada), their son Rabah Harbi Jarada (Abu Omar), Rabah’s wife Ruba Al-Qaisi (Jarada), Rabah and Ruba’s sons Harbi Rabah Jarada*, Karim Rabah Jarada*, and Muhammad Harbi Jarada (Abu Yusef) were all also killed. Their daughter in law, wife of Muhammad, Hala Saleh (Jarada), was also reported killed alongside her daughtersHabiba Muhammad Jarada* and Maymana Muhammad Jarada* were killed. In the post by Marwan Al Maidana, Rabah Harbi Jarada (Abu Omar) is referred to as a “retired Colonel”, Harbi Rabah Jarada (Abou Rabah) is referred to as “retired Major General” and Muhammad Harbi Jarada (Abu Yusef) as “Colonel”. As a retired member of armed forces, Rabah would not be classified as a combatant.

Reem Jawad EL-samouni expressed sympathy to Marwa N. Jarad, head of her family who lost 17 members of her family, adding that at the time of posting, the day after the attack, other members of her family were still under the rubble.

The Muhanna family

At least five members of the Muhanna family were reportedly killed in the strike. A post by Yousif A Muhanna mourned the loss of his family members: his father Adnan Muhanna, his mother Ibtisam Hosni Muhanna, his sister Dima Adnan Muhanna, his wife Rawand Al-Banna, and his son Adnan Youssef Adnan Muhanna*. Yousif also posted a picture of his son Adnan describing him as “My son, the lover of my soul (Adnan). All I know is that in losing you, I lose myself.”

A tweet from @fidaazaanin told the story of someone from the “Muhanna’s house” (seeming to indicate the family above) who lost their whole family in the bombing – mother, father, brother, nephew, except for one of their brothers who went out to the store to get food just before the bombing, and was the only one to survive. At the time, 120 people were still reportedly under the rubble.

The Mahdi family

At least seven members of the Mahdi family were reportedly killed in the strike. A post from Abd Rahim Mahdi memorialized members of his family killed: Khalil Akram Mahdi, Khalil’s wife Sali Ibrahim Mahdi (Labed), Khalil and Sali’s daughter Nesreen Khalil Mahdi*, Khalil and Sali’s daughter Talin Khalil Mahdi*, Khalil and Sali’s son Akram Khalil Mahdi*. Khalil and Sali’s daughter Loreen Khalil Mahdi, 6 months old, was also injured. Khalil’s cousins Ahmad Zakariya Mahdi and Hind Mahdi were also killed. ABO MANAR posted a condolence message for his brother-in-law “Ibrahim Labad” Abu Muhammad” whose daughter Sali, her husband Khalil, and their four children were killed. However according to the brother of Khalil, his 6-month-old daughter (Loreen) survived the attack and was found in her mother’s arms. A cousin of Khalil, Ahmed, and Hind (mother of Ibrahim Al-Zant) named Abd Rahim Mahdi posted a condolence message for the Mahdi family.

The Ramlawi family

Khaled posted a memorial for his family members killed, identifying them as: his father Saeed Al-Ramlawi (Abu Amer), his mother Masara Al-Ramlawi (Umm Amer), his daughter Alina Al-Ramlawi (3 years old), his brother Amer Al-Ramlawi (Abu Al-Saeed), Amer’s son Ibrahim Al-Ramlawi (12 years old), Amer’s daughter Ruba Al-Ramlawi (17 years old), killed, Khaled’s brother Muhammad Al-Ramlawi (Abu Al-Baraa), Muhammad’s wife Heba Al-Ramlawi (Umm Al-Baraa), Khaled’s sister Rami Al-Ramlawi (14 years old), Khaled’s sister Rana Ramlawi, Khaled’s sister Ritaal Ramlawi (6 years old), Khaled’s brother Ahmed’s wife Abeer Al-Ramlawi (Umm Yahya), Ahmed and Abeer’s daughter Nour Al-Ramlawi (19 years old), Ahmed and Abeer’s daughter Malak Al-Ramlawi (10 years old), Khaled’s brother Hazem’s wife Yasmine Al-Ramlawi (Umm Anas), Hazem and Yasmine’s son Anas Al-Ramlawi (12 years old), Hazem and Yasmine’s son Saeed Al-Ramlawi (5 years old), Hazem and Yasmine’s daughter Judy Ramlawi (7 years old), killed, and Etaf Al-Ramlawi. Khaled’s daughter, Sham Al-Ramlawi, was also injured.

According to @nanouhnm, members of the Ramlawi family placed a distress call from under the rubble and were then rescued by the defense crews. Flowra Nu’man Al Masri posted the voice call from the family, where they said “We are sending a call for help from under the rubbles of 4th floor of Al Taj 3 building and our names are Khaled Saed Al Ramlawi, Osama Al Daki, Saeed Amer Al Ramlawi, Hamoud Ahmad Al Ramlawi.” The source added that the survivors were recovering well, while another source added that the family members had been under the rubble for 8 hours before they were rescued.

Soha Mohamedeen posted a condolence message for his colleague and brother Amer Al-Ramlawi (Abu Al-Saeed) who described as being “respected, able, and wise”. Khaled Al Ramlaw mourned “the martyrdom of my sister, the love of my heart and the joy of my eyes (Yasmine Ahmed Al-Ramlawi) and her eldest son, the martyr (Anas Hazem Al-Ramlawi)”.

Khaled Al Ramlawi wrote about spending the morning of the strike with Alina Al-Ramlawi: “I woke up and found Sham and Alina playing, so I called Sham, and Alina came with her, as if she was telling me these are my last hours in this world. I want to play with you, because you will never see me again. Alina went as a martyr to a merciful and kind God, and was buried in the same red clothes of hers. As for Sham, she remained alive as a witness to the crime. She was injured in the face and foot, after thousands of tons of explosives were thrown at us… Will Sham remember her sister, Alina, when she grows up?”

The Bakhit family

A post by Majid Said memorialized Mr. Saeed Bakhit “Abu Osama” and his sons and Dr. Muhammad Bakhit *Abu Yasser* and his family.

An additional victim was mentioned by Mohmmad Shabir, who posted a condolence message for his uncle, Sakhr Yahya Shabir, who was killed.

The Mansour family also put out an appeal to have their family members rescued the day after the bombing noting that members of their family were still missing under the rubble.

Images posted by @Yasser_Gaza show men, women, and children being treated for their injuries in Al-Shifa hospital. Medical services – Gaza Strip posted images of the ambulance and emergency crews at the General Directorate of Ansar Station pulling killed and injured civilians from the rubble. According to @alyredaa, more than 500 people were in the residential tower when the bombing occurred.

The location of the strikes was identified by @MOHGaza1994 as being the Al-Taj building, Al-Yarmouk Street, Al-Jalaa Street, and Al-Sharq Bakery, as well as the houses around them, resulting in the destruction of dozens of homes, with one source mentioning that the “Al Yarmouk residential neighborhood” was completely destroyed. A tweet from @Osint613 mentioned the strike appeared to target an alleged tunnel network.

Yasmin Hasweh reported that the Taj Residential Towers, which is 12 floors, was flattened by more than 30 bunker-buster bombs which struck the residential square in less than five minutes. The source, along with many others including @OrientNews, specified that the strike occurred without prior warning. Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

This incident occurred the day before the Palestinian Ministry of Health published its list of nearly 7,000 names on October 26th; none of those killed in this strike could be identified among the MoH list.

*Airwars has quantified the youngest generation of each family as children based on available images due to the lack of ages found for the victims.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (37)

Omar Sharaf (Abu Ismail) عمر شرف (أبو إسماعيل)
Adult male killed
Umm Ismail Sharaf أم إسماعيل
Adult female killed
Islam Baalousha إسلام بعلوشة
Adult female killed
Malak Sharaf ملك شرف
Child female killed
Malik Sharaf مالك شرف
Child male killed
Yasmine Sharaf ياسمين شرف
Child female killed
Nour Sharaf نور شرف
Child female killed
Ismail Sharaf إسماعيل شرف
Adult male killed
Wife of Ismail Sharaf زوجة إسماعيل شرف
Adult female killed
Omar Sharaf عمر شرف
Child male killed
Abdul Rahim Sharaf عبدالرحمن شرف
Adult male killed
Aliaa Ramzi Al Hinawi علياء رمزي الحناوي
Adult female killed
Son of Abdul Rahim Sharaf ابن عبد الرحمن شرف
Child male killed
Daughter of Abdul Rahim Sharaf ابنة عبد الرحمن شرف
Child female killed
Daughter of Abdul Rahim Sharaf ابنة عبد الرحمن شرف
Child female killed
Daughter of Abdul Rahim Sharaf ابنة عبد الرحمن شرف
Child female killed
Salah Sharaf صلاح شرف
Adult male killed
Hamza Sharaf حمزة شرف
Child male killed
Asma Sharaf أسماء شرف
Adult female killed
Hala Dawoud هلا داود
Child female killed
Sama Dawoud سما داود
Child female killed
Jour Dawoud جوري داود
Child female killed
Lana Dawoud لانا داود
Child female killed
Alaa Sharaf علاء شرف
Adult female killed
Daughter of Alaa Sharaf بناتها
Child female killed
Daughter of Alaa Sharaf بناتها
Child female killed
Abu Osama Sharaf أبو أسامة شرف
Adult male killed
Wife of Abu Osama Sharaf زوجته
Adult female killed
Wissam Sharaf وسام شرف
Adult female killed
Israa Sharaf اسراء شرف
Adult female killed
Doaa Sharaf دعاء شرف
Adult female killed
Obaida Sharaf عبيدة شرف
Child female killed
Dr. Khaled Sharaf خالد شرف
Adult male killed
Wife of Dr. Khaled Sharaf زوجة خالد شرف
Adult female killed
Abdullah Sharaf عبدالله شرف
male killed
Karim Sharaf كريم شرف
male killed
Jodi Sharaf جودي شرف
female killed

Family members (15)

Buthaina Radwan (Al-Mahlawi) بثينة رضوان
Adult female killed
Mahmoud Awni Al-Mahlawi محمود عوني المحلاوي
Adult male killed
Osama Awni Al-Mahlawi أسامة عوني المحلاوي
Adult male killed
Faten Awni Al-Mahlawi فاتن عوني المحلاوي
Adult female killed
Muhammad Awni Al-Mahlawi محمد عوني المحلاوي
Adult male killed
Asmaa Jihad Abu Al-Amrain (Al-Mahlawi) أسماء جهاد أبو العمرين
Adult female killed
Rawad Muhammad Al-Mahlawi رواد محمد المحلاوي
Child male killed
Habiba Muhammad Al-Mahlawi حبيبة محمد المحلاوي
Child female killed
Abd al-Rahman Muhammad al-Mahlawi عبدالرحمن محمد المحلاوي
Child male killed
Mona Aouni Al-Mahlawi بثينة منى عوني المحلاوي
Adult female killed
Walid Abdel Haq Al Mahlawi وليد عبدالحق المحلاوي
Adult female killed
Nagham Walid Al Mahlawi نغم وليد المحلاوي
Child female killed
Nada Walid Al Mahlawi ندى وليد المحلاوي
Child female killed
Hoda Walid Al-Mahlawi هدى وليد المحلاوي
Child female killed
Moaz Walid Al-Mahlawi معاذ وليد المحلاوي
Child male killed

Family members (3)

Mufid Fayez Al-Banna مفيد فايز البنا
Adult male killed
Nourhan Nour Al-Din (Al-Banna) نورهان نور الدين
Adult female killed
Asmaa Al Banna أسماء البنا
female injured

Family members (17)

Nasr Rabah Jarada (Abu Tamer) نصر رباح جرادة
Adult male killed
Naama Abu Al-Ezz (Jarada) نعمة عبدالعزيز
Adult female killed
Nisreen Nasr Jarada سرين نصر جرادة
female killed
Haneen Nasr Jarada حنين نصر جرادة
female killed
Nasr Mahmoud Jarada نصر محمود جرادة
Child male killed
Abdullah Mahmoud Jarada عبدالله محمود جرادة
Child male killed
Harbi Rabah Jarada (Abou Rabah) حربي رباح جرادة
Adult male killed
Fawzia Abu Al-Auf (Jarada) فوزية ابو العوف
Adult female killed
Rabah Harbi Jarada (Abu Omar) رباح حربي جرادة
Adult male killed
Ruba Al-Qaisi (Jarada) ربى قيس
Adult female killed
Harbi Rabah Jarada حربي رباح جرادة
Child male killed
Karim Rabah Jarada كريم رباح جرادة
Child male killed
Muhammad Harbi Jarada (Abu Yusef) محمد حربي جرادة
Adult male killed
Hala Saleh (Jarada) هالة صالح جراده
Adult female killed
Habiba Muhammad Jarada حبيبة محمد جرادة
Child female killed
Tamer Nasr Jarada أم تامر جرادة
female killed
Maymana Muhammad Jarada ميمونة محمد جرادة
Child female killed

Family members (5)

Adnan Muhanna عدان مهنا
Adult male killed
Ibtisam Hosni Muhanna ابتسام حسني مهنا
Adult female killed
Dima Adnan Muhanna ديمة عندان مهنا
Adult female killed
Rawand Al-Banna راواند البنا وجنينها
Adult female killed
Adnan Youssef Adnan Muhanna عدنان يوسف عدنان هنا
Child male killed

Family members (23)

Saeed Al-Ramlawi (Abu Amer) سعيد الرملاوي
Adult male killed
Masara Al-Ramlawi (Umm Amer) مسرة الرملاوي
Adult female killed
Khaled Saed Al-Ramlawi خالد سعيد الرملاوي
Adult male injured
Alina Al-Ramlawi الينا الرملاوي
3 years old female killed
Amer Al-Ramlawi (Abu Al-Saeed) عامر الرملاوي
Adult male killed
Ibrahim Al-Ramlawi ابراهيم الرملاوي
12 years old male killed
Ruba Al-Ramlawi ربى الرملاوي
17 years old female killed
Muhammad Al-Ramlawi (Abu Al-Baraa) محمد الرملاوي
Adult male killed
Heba Al-Ramlawi (Umm Al-Baraa) هبة الرملاوي
Adult female killed
Rami Al-Ramlawi رامي الرملاوي
14 years old male killed
Rana Ramlawi رنا الرملاوي
12 years old female killed
Ritaal Ramlawi
6 years old female killed
Abeer Al-Ramlawi (Umm Yahya) عبير الرملاوي
Adult female killed
Nour Al-Ramlawi نور الرملاوي
19 years old female killed
Malak Al-Ramlawi ملاكل الرملاوي
10 years old male killed
Yasmine Al-Ramlawi (Umm Anas) ياسمين الرملاوي
Adult female killed
Anas Al-Ramlawi أنس الرملاوي
12 years old male killed
Saeed Al-Ramlawi سعيد الرملاوي
5 years old male killed
Judy Ramlawi حازم الرملاوي
7 years old female killed
Etaf Al-Ramlawi عطاف الرملاوي (أم رامي
Adult female killed
Osama Delki أسامة دلكي
male injured
Amer Al Ramlawi عامر الرملاوي
male injured
Hamoud Ahmad Al Ramlawi حمود أحمد الرملاوي
male injured

Family members (8)

Khalil Akram Mahdi خليل اكرم مهدي
Adult male killed
Sali Ibrahim Mahdi (Labed) سالي ابراهيم مهدي
Adult female killed
Nesreen Khalil Mahdi نسرين خليل مهدي
Child female killed
Talin Khalil Mahdi تالين خليل مهدي
Child female killed
Akram Khalil Mahdi أكرم خليل مهدي
Child male killed
Loreen Khalil Mahdi لورين خليل مهدي
6 months years old female injured
Ahmad Zakariya Mahdi أحمد زكريا مهدي
male killed
Hind Mahdi هند مهدي
female killed

Family members (6)

Mr. Saeed Bakhit “Abu Osama” سعيد بخيت "أبو أسامة"
Adult male killed
Son of Mr. Saeed Bakhit “Abu Osama”
male killed
Son of Mr. Saeed Bakhit “Abu Osama”
male killed
Dr. Muhammad Bakhit *Abu Yasser* محمد حسن بخيت
Adult male killed
Wife of Dr. Muhammad Bakhit *Abu Yasser* زوجة محمد حسن البخيت
Adult female killed
Yasser Bakhit ياسر بخيت
male killed

The victims were named as:

Sakhr Yahya Shabir يحيى صخر شبير
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    101
  • (44 children37 women26 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–200
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (86) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (99) [ collapse]

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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: Fatma Mohammed
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    Source: @Yasser_Gaza
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    Source: @fananalshalabi
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    Source: Al Bawaba News
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    Source: Al Bawaba News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @SaadMMustafa
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    Source: @SaadMMustafa
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    Source: @SaadMMustafa
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    Source: @SaadMMustafa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AnonOzzyDude
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    Source: @AnonOzzyDude
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    Source: @AnonOzzyDude
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    Source: @AnonOzzyDude
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    Source: Anadolu Agency News
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Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention Al Taj Tower 3 (بمحيط برج التاج 3) in Gaza city (غزة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.521604, 34.460559.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    IDF

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Madhath Mubashar—Commander of Hamas' Western Khan Yunis Battalion—was eliminated by an IDF aerial strike.

Furthermore, the IDF struck 250+ Hamas targets including a terrorist tunnel network in Gaza that detonated the secondary explosions.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    101
  • (44 children37 women26 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–200
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (86) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0419

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

خربة العدس , Khirbat Al Adas, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.286310, 34.271887 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between six and ten civilians were reported killed, including at least one member of the Palestinian Civil Defense and five children, when alleged Israeli missiles struck a Palestinian Civil Defense facility alongside the Dahir family home on October 21st, 2023. A number of other civilians, including Palestinian Civil Defense members, were also injured.

The incident took place near the Khirbet Al-Adas junction, east of Rafah, in the southern part of the Gaza Strip on Saturday morning.

Muhammad Fawzi Qtait also known as Abu Jazar (father of Jazar) was named as the Palestinian Civil Defense paramedic and firefighter killed in the strike. He was reported to be from Ma’an, Khan Yunis.

In a post from the Dhuhair family, it was reported that eight members of the family were killed including five children. The names were identified as: Ayman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir, Iman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir, Andalus Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir, Aws Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir and another child Elias Anas Muhammad Hamad Dhahir.

Family members named as mourning the victims – though not present during the strike – included grandmother Nabila, Elias’ parents, Anas Dhahir and Hanin Saleh Zorob, and Ayman, Iman, Andalus and Aws’ father Islam Muhammad Hamad Duhair. Aws’ kindergarten, Baraem Al Tofoula Model Kindergarten, made a post announcing his death and expressing their deep sorrow.

The Ministry of the Interior and the Directorate of the Civil Defense in Gaza reported the death of Muhammad Qtait and the injury of at least four other Civil Defense members, while source Adnan Ghanima reported in a tweet that six members were seriously injured. According to Masdar Al Akhbariya, 11 Civil Defense workers were injured and three were in serious condition. A post from the Rafah Municipality reported several deaths and injuries among Civil Defense members and civilians. The casualty range for those injured is therefore put at 4-11.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli airplanes.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Ayman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir أيمن إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429423221
Iman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir إيمان إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 430509919
Andalus Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir أندلس إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434448718
Aws Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir أوس إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440694404
Elias Anas Muhammad Hamad Dhahir إلياس أنس محمد حمد ضهير
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440596930

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Fawzi Qtait محمد فوزي قطيط
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800322224

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 10
  • (5–8 children1 woman2 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The journalist Adel Al Zaab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tabarbour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adnan Ghanima
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adnan Ghanima
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Mahmoud Brhoum Zaraab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraem Al Tofoula Model Kindergarten
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @SerajSat
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Khirbat Al Adas ( خربة العدس ), within the Gaza strip (قِطَاعُ غَزَّةَ), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.2863108, 34.271887. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.  

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 10
  • (5–8 children1 woman2 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]