After nearly four years of strikes the UK has finally admitted to a single civilian casualty
Thousands of civilians were killed during the battle for Mosul, but there is no official death toll.
Australia remains the only American ally to admit any civilian harm after almost four years of strikes
Civilian deaths from Coalition actions were up by more than 200% in 2017, as the war against ISIS pushed deep into cities
With ISIS mostly defeated, Airwars tracked a major fall in reported Coalition civilian casualties in November. Russia remains a problem.
Iraqi forces supported by the international Coalition have driven so-called Islamic State from the nation’s cities and towns. The cost in lives has been significant.
US-led alliance has still made no public comment on 18-month investigation, which found that deaths from Coalition airstrikes were up to 31 times higher than acknowledged.
Civilians paid a heavy price in the final days of battle for Raqqa – with thousands of Coalition munitions raining down on the city.