Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS428

Incident date

January 20, 2016

Location

البيضاء, Al Bayda, Latakia, Syria

Geolocation

35.62018, 36.17117 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed and several others injured in an airstrikes on Al Bayda, according to local sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether Russia or the regime were responsible.

According to the Shaam News Network, this was the work of Russia.

Syria News Desk reported testimony from a villager, Omar Malawi: “The Russian air force targeted the AlBaydaa village with four raids. One of them hit the village mosque, killing one person and injuring others while performing the Maghrib prayer. The source added that buildings were destroyed and fires broke out in civilian homes and cars.

The report added: “The source confirmed it was the first time that the village near the Turkish border was  bombed since the beginning of the protests in Syria, both from the Russian airline or Regime forces, pointing out that it was one of the peaceful villages that have received hundreds of displaced families from different parts of the countryside of Latakia.”

Step Agency also reported that “several” civilians died and were wounded in Russian strikes.

According to Al A’an TV, however, the regime was responsible for bombing “a mosque in Mount Turkmens” and killing a civilian. They added that artillery shells continued to fall near the border with Tiurkish villages.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

No Russian reports were published for January 21st 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS789

Incident date

May 3, 2016

Location

حريتان, Hraytan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.287032, 37.08332 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians died and between eight and ten were injured in airstrikes on Hraytan, according to local sources – though reports are conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

Activists told Shaam News Network that Russian warplanes targeted the city centre with vacuum missiles, killing two civilians and wounding 10 more, some of whom were left in a critical condition. Syrian Mirror also blamed Russia for the attack with vaccuum missiles and spoke of “a number of casualties” and more than 14 wounded.

However, two other sources blamed the regime. According to LCCSY, eight non-combatants were injured in an attack by “Assad’s warplanes”. The Syrian Network for Human Rights said “government” planes were responsible for at least two deaths.

Syria Mubashar and Thiqa newsagency named on Twitter the two men who died in the raids.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Al Jazeera tweets that two people are killed and other injured in alleged regime raids on Hraytan, northern Aleppo. 3rd May 2016
  • An activist tweets that allegedly Russian and regime planes target Hraytan, kiling 2 and injuring ten. 3rd May 2016 [via: @abul_bisher]
  • Shaam news tweets that there are dead and wounded in alleged Russian raids on Hraytan, 3rd May 2016.
  • SN4HR tweets that at least two people were killed in what it says were government [and allies] raids on Hraytan on 3rd May.
  • Syria Mubasher network tweets the names of the two men who were killed in Hraytan, 3rd May 2016
  • Thiqa news agency confirms the names of the two men killed in Hraytan, 3rd MAy 2016.
  • Halab Today tweets that two people were killed following air raids on Hraytan, 3rd May 2016
  • @BreakingNews9 tweets that dozens were killed following 'Russian and Assad' raids on Hraytan, 3rd May 2016
  • Syria Revolutionary Grouping tweets that two people were killed in air raids on Hraytan, 3rd May 2016.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between May 1st – 31st.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS796

Incident date

May 11, 2016

Location

Ibn Khaldoun (Ar Raqqahh), Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9505639, 39.0094148 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four or five civilians including three children and one women died in airstrikes on the Ibn Khaldoun neighborhood of Ar Raqqa, according to local sources which also said that a school was targeted – though reports are conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian warplanes killed three children when they carried out raids which targeted the Ibn Khaldoun neighborhood and Zee Kaar school.

An initial post by Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently said three children died in Russian strikes, however, subsequent reports only mentioned “warplanes” and did not say who they belonged to.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, “government warplanes” killed three people including a child and a woman when they fired missiles on the neighborhood, targeting Zee Kaar school. It reported that the school was partially destroyed.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmoud Mohammad Shawha Adult male killed
  • Fatima Baha’a Al Deen four-years-old years old Fatima was also named as killed in “warplane shelling” by the VDC and multiple other sources, including Alamawi and the Syrian Network for Human Rights. killed
  • Marwa Mahmoud Al Nawri Age unknown

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of raids on Zee Kaar school and the Ibn Khaldoun of the city of Raqqa, May 12th 2016 (via RBSS)
  • Fatima Baha’a Al Deen, four years old, killed in a strike on Ibn Khaldoun (Ar Raqqahh), May 12th (via RBSS)
  • A photo of the young man Mahmoud Mohammad Shawha who was martyred after raids by warplanes on Ibn Khaldoun area last night. (via RBSS)
  • - the signs of destruction resulting from the air raids last night near Zee Kaar school and Ibn Khaldoun area. (via RBSS)
  • Government warplanes targeted Thei Qar School in Ibn Khaldoun neighborhood in Raqqa city, partially damaging it, May 11. (via SNHR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between May 1st – 31st

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS781

Incident date

April 29, 2016

Location

حي المغاير, Al Maghayer (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.1894219, 37.1555268 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between four and seven civilians died in airstrikes on Al Maghayer as part of the ongoing bombardment of Aleppo, according to local sources. The majority of reports point to this being a regime incident, though one other blames the regime and Russia.

Zamanalwasel News spoke of raids carried out by regime warplanes “on most of the districts of Aleppo”. It continued saying that “warplanes committed a massacre in the neighborhood of “Al-Maghayer”, which killed seven people according to the initial death toll and wounded dozens, including children and the elderly.” The correspondent furthermore explained that “the regime helicopters targeted a neighbourhood with seven gas cylinders.”

Images tweeted by Baladi News showed the “destruction of Al-Maghayer after being targeted by a raid.” Sorya_gehadk reported in a tweet that “at least 5 were killed and many were wounded, some with serious injuries, in shelling on Al-Maghayer”. AJABreaking News also put the death toll at five. TRT Arabic said that five were killed by regime warplanes.

An extremely graphic video by AMC showed severely injured victims being treated in a medical facility. The channel attributed the incident to the regime. According to Halab News, “47 were killed on the 29th in various areas. As for Al-Maghayer, only one was identified as Hasan Amer Al-Sayed”. They also listed three unidentified bodies killed in Al Maghayer by “navy mines“.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “at least 4 victims including a woman died in government helicopters dropped barrel bombs on Al Maghayer neighbourhood“. And according to Shaam News Network four civilians died, though they were “Russian and Assad’s planes“.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 7
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of the strikes in Al Maghayer neighbourhood, Aleppo (via Zamanalwasel News)
  • Aftermath of the strikes in Al Maghayer neighbourhood, Aleppo (via TRT Arabic)
  • Aftermath of the strikes in Al Maghayer neighbourhood, Aleppo (via Baladi News tweet)
  • Victim of airstrikes in Aleppo, possibly in Al Maghayer neighbourhood, (via AMC)
  • Aftermath of airstrikes in Aleppo, possibly in Al Maghayer neighbourhood, (via AMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic hospital scenes in the aftermath of the contested strikes in Al-Maghayer (via AMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin has issued no public accounts of airstrikes in Syria from April 1st – 30th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 7
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS998

Incident date

July 12, 2016

Location

حريتان, Hraytan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.287032, 37.08332 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian died and others were wounded in an airstrike on Hraitan, local sources reported – though sources were conflicted as to whether Russia or the Syrian regime were responsible.

Anadan Media Centre blamed Russia for the shelling, as didMasar Press, Shahba Press, Shebah News Agency, and several other local sources.

However, Hawra News pointed to the Syrian regime, reporting it shelled “Anadan, Hraytan, Hayan, Kafr Hamra, Mallah, Maarat Arteek, Babis, Kafr Naha, Urma Al Kubra, Ain Jara and killed seven civilians” in total.

A pro-regime news feed – SyriaWatanNews – tweeted: “Warplanes targeted the armed groups in Hraytan, killing one person and wounding others.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Scenes of suspected Russian bombing on Hraitan (Youtube by Qasioun)
  • Smoke rises across Hraitan, the effects of suspected Russian or Regime warplanes (Youtube by Anadan Media Center)
  • Local people survey the destruction in Hratian after alleged Russian or Regime planes attacked (via Syrianpc)
  • Smoke rises above Hraitan following suspected warplane shelling on the town (Tweet by @ShehabAgency)
  • Evidence of material destruction in Hraitan after suspected Russian shelling (via Step)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between July 1st – 14th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1287

Incident date

September 19, 2016

Location

حي باب النيرب, Bab al Nairab , Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.1918713, 37.1722841 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local news outlets alleged that either Russian or Syrian forces were responsible for two civilian deaths, including one woman’s, on the road between Bab al Mayrab and al Salheen in Aleppo.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said “fixed-wing warplanes, believed to be Russian, fired missiles at the residential homes on the road leading to Bab Al Nayrab neighborhood from the Al Salhein neighborhood. As a result, two individuals including one woman was killed.”

HalabToday TV also claimed Russian warplanes struck Bab Al Nayrab.

Baladi Network, by contrast, tweeted that the planes belonged to the Assad regime, while some other sources reported that explosive barrel bombs had been dropped on the area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1033

Incident date

July 23, 2016

Location

جسر الشغور, Jisr al-Shughur, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.814269, 36.31994 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Cluster bombs dropped by alleged Russian or Assad regime warplanes bombarded and destroyed residential housing killing 12 civilians and wounding up to 40 more in Jisr al-Shughur, local media reported.

Baladi News and Jisrtv blamed Russian warplanes for the airstrikes. LCCSY, however, blamed the Assad regime for the raids. Zaman al-Wasl News reported sighting both Assad regime and Russian warplanes.

Shaam News Network confirmed the event occurred at dawn, with two raids which included rockets loaded cluster bombs. It reported that “Russian warplanes targeted al Sawma’a Square with cluster bomb the city centre, causing the fall of seven martyrs of the primary outcome and more than 30 injured.”

According to Jisrtv, “Russian warplanes targeted Al-Soama’a square in Jisr Al-Shoughour with cluster bombs which killed seven in the initial death toll and wounded tens.”

At the time this was reported Jisrtv claimed the Civil Defence team were still rescuing bodies from the rubble. A correspondent from Al Jazeera said that “The raids caused a huge destruction in the buildings which made the rescuing much harder.”

Syrian Human Rights Network put the number killed slightly higher at 12. It also confirmed that 10 of those people were women and children.

Other reports claimed that 40 were injured and many of them were critical therefore the death toll was likely to rise. Syrian Press Center confirmed that 12 civilians had been killed, naming ten which is seen below. The same media also reported that only 30 people had been injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Hana’a Omar Al-Sheik Age unknown female killed
  • Saleha Al-Sheik Age unknown female killed
  • Nawar Farran Age unknown male killed
  • Layla Mohammed Mobayed Age unknown female killed
  • Nidal Fido Age unknown male killed
  • Othman Age unknown male killed
  • Sham Ahmad Kaser Ghalyoun Age unknown male killed
  • Hana’a Haj Hassan Age unknown female killed
  • Fatima Shehada Age unknown female killed
  • Kaltoum Amer Age unknown female killed
  • A child from the Bakora family. Child killed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (1 child7 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    14–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Hospital scenes depicting injured civilians following the contested airstrikes in Jisr Al-Shoghour (via Jisr Al-Shoghour Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of injured children following the strikes in Jisr Al-Shoghour (via Baladi News)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between July 16th – 27th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (1 child7 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    14–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1051

Incident date

July 26, 2016

Location

كفر حمرة, Kafr Hamra, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.255362, 37.087714 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to five civilians died in Kafr Hamra, local media said. Most sources blamed Russia, however, some others (Sada_Altawhed, Shahed_Alep, Syrian Press Center) reported artillery shelling as well as airstrikes. Additionally, some reports did not identify the warplanes responsible.

According to Qasioun, “Russian warplanes carried out more than 20 raids in Kafr Hamra, killing five civilians and wounding tens more”.

Alaraby also put the death toll at five, blaming Russia, and adding that dozens more were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Jum’a Mustafa Korj  Age unknown male from Anadan killed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between July 16th – 27th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]