Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3871

Incident date

Location

كفرنبل, Kafr Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source claimed that a civilian was killed and another wounded due to artillery and rocket shelling by the Syrian regime and Russian forces on residential neighborhoods in Kafr Nabil, struck from camp in Al-Nimr hill near Khan Sheikhoun.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims of an alleged Russian or Syrian airstrike on a residential neighborhood in Kafr Nabil on August 31st (via Baladi News).

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3881

Incident date

Location

معرزيتا, Ma’ar Zieta, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were wounded and civilian property was significantly damaged in an alleged Russian airstrike on the town of Ma’ar Zieta, Idlib governorate, on October 19th, 2019, as reported by several local sources.

Shaam Network reported that “activists said that Russian warplanes bombed the town of Ma`ar zieta this morning with several raids, recording several wounded and significant destruction in civilian homes, coinciding with the continued artillery and rocket shelling by the regime in the region”.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Ma’ar Zieta, Idlib governorate, on October 19th 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4220

Incident date

Location

الدانا, Al Dana, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians were killed and an unknown number of civilians were wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian air or artillery strikes on the city of Al Dana, Idlib governorate, on February 17th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Ahmad Abu Dai, a displaced from Khan Sheikhoun city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, was killed as Syrian regime forces’ artillery fired a shell on al Dana city in the northern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on February 17th.”

@ShahbaPress reported “civilian martyrs and wounded due to artillery bombardment by Assad forces on the city of Dana in the northern Idlib countryside”. According to @SyrianCoalition, three civilians were killed.

SMART reported that activists stated the attack came from the “46th Regiment”.

Shaam News Network reported that “Russian and Assad air forces launched violent airstrikes amid artillery and missile shelling” targeting several cities and towns, among which Al Dana, reportedly leading to the death of one civilian.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Al Dana, Idlib governorate, on February 17th, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3969

Incident date

Location

قرية حاس, Haas village, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between five and ten civilians including two children and two women were reported injured in an alleged Russian airstrike on Has village in Idlib, Syria on December 1st, 2019 according to local sources.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3970

Incident date

Location

بلدة تل كرسيان, Tal Karseean, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed in an alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrike on Tal Karseean in Idlib – Syria on December 1st, 2019 according to local sources.

According to Syrian Network for Human Rights, Ibrahim Mohammad al Hussein and Sayyed Hasan al Hussein were killed in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Civil Defense moving casualties from an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Tal Karseean in Idlib. (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3901

Incident date

Location

عين العصافير,, Ain Al Asafir, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local Coordination Committees of Syria reported that Russian warplanes bombed “the houses of civilians in the villages of Kfir, Ein Al-Asafir”.

Airwars does not currently have any figures of civilian harm relating to this bombing.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Incident Code

R4275

Incident date

Location

تل واسط, Tal Waset, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reported killed and another injured as a result of Russian forces or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Tal Waset in Hama on July 19th, 2020, according to local sources.

@alshmali_alhr0 tweeted that “One person was killed and a woman was injured due to artillery shelling by Russian occupation militia, which targeted the village of Tal Waset in Sahel Al-Ghab west of Hama.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that “a displaced civilian from the eastern suburbs of Hama governorate was killed when Syrian regime forces used a missile launcher to shell Tal Waset village in Sahl al Ghab in the western suburbs of Hama governorate on July 19th.”

Macro Media Center shared a video showing Civil Defence volunteers rescue an injured woman and pull out the body of a man who got killed in the shelling.

While most sources blamed the Syrian regime for this incident, @alshmali_alhr0 said that ‘Russian occupation militias’ were responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers responding to shelling in Tal Waset which resulted in the killing of one civilian and the injury of another on July 19th, 2020. (via SCD)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3883

Incident date

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’arat Al Nu’man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed in an explosion of remnants of an unexploded cluster bomb, that was dropped earlier by alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime warplanes in the city of Ma’aret Al Numan, on October 20th, as reported by several local sources. It is unclear when the bomb was dropped.

Justice Organisation identified the man as Najm Deep Al Asfar (Abu Diab) and stated on Facebook that the incident occurred in the southern neighbourhood of the city.

The Syrian Network of Human Rights commented on the incident by stating on Facebook that they have previously highlighted that remnants of weapons pose a threat to civilians and that special equipment is needed to help civilians remove explosive remnants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of Najm Deeb Al Asfar, who was killed in an explosion of remnants of a cluster bomb on October 20th, 2019, that was left earlier in an alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrike on Ma’arat Al Nu’man (via Justice Organisation on Facebook).
  • Photo of Najm Deeb Al Asfar, who was killed in an explosion of remnants of a cluster bomb on October 20th, 2019, that was left earlier in an alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrike on Ma’arat Al Nu’man (via SNHR on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]