Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS536

Incident date

February 3, 2016

Location

تدمر, Palmyra, Homs, Syria

Geolocation

34.5655244, 38.2873535 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

As many as 11 civilians were killed and 30 injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Palmyra, according to local sources.

Shaam News Network reported that nine civilians, mostly women and children, were killed in a bombardment by Russian warplanes. It said there were several raids, mainly focused on the Al Wadi road.

The Coordinating Committee of the City of Palmyra listed ten victims allegedly killed by Russia, and said nearly 30 were wounded, five critically.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “warplanes believed to be Russian” killed at least seven. It said there was information about two other children among many injured people, and added that the death toll was expected to rise due to the severity of injuries and because some people were still missing under the rubble.

Three unidentified victims were listed by The Coordinating Committee of the city of Palmyra in addition to the victims below as:

Two unidentified martyrs [male]

An unidentified child

The Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies identified a total of 11 victims killed in Palmyra, including Al Jabara, Al Tharaya (listed by the coordinated committee) and nine additional unitentified “martyrs” killed on al Wadi road. The Center cited “indiscriminate” Russian attacks.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Unidentified from Al Qadi family
Adult female killed
Unidentified from Al Qadi family
Adult female killed
Unidentified from Al Qadi family
female killed
Unidentified from Al Qadi family
Adult female killed

The victims were named as:

Khaled Jouma’an Al Jabara
Adult male killed
Hatem Awad Al Mahmoud Al Tharaya
Adult male killed
Nayef Hamdan Al Hadidi
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (1 child4 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged raid with cluster bombs on Palmyra, Feb 3rd (via Coordinating Committee for the city of Palmyra)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 1st – February 3rd.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (1 child4 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1137

Incident date

August 13, 2016

Location

تفتناز, Taftanez, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.996045, 36.787730 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to 11 civilians including one named women, and children, died and as many as 25 more were wounded in an airstrike on Taftanaz, local media reported. Reports were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

RFS media office and Halab Today TV were among sources that blamed Russia. Halab Today put the death toll at eight non-combatants.

A number of other sources put the death count four – with the Syrian Network for Human Rights reporting that “at least three people died”. SN4HR pointed to the regime, as did Syrian Press Centre and Alsouria.

The highest toll was given by Freedom News – at 11, “mostly women and children” with “25 more injured.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Rouboaa Khatib
Adult female killed

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the town of Taftanez (تفتناز). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we were able to narrow down the location to these exact coordinates: 35.996045, 36.787730.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[36.78773,35.996045],"type":"Point"}}]}
  • Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Imagery:
    Abdullah Amer Ghazal

  • Imagery:
    Al Jazeera

  • Imagery:
    Abdullah Amer Ghazal

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 11
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Rouboaa Khatib, killed in an alleged Russian an Syrian Regime raid on 13th August 2016. (via, VDC)
  • The aftermath of the alleged raid showing damage to the infrastructure as well as wounded civilians being taken in an ambulance. (via, Aboamer ghazel)
  • An Al Jazeera news bulletin documenting the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Al Jazeera Arabic)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 12th – 13th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 11
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS381

Incident date

November 19, 2016

Location

بعاص, Bia'as, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between 8 and 11 civilians died in what both the Syrian Network and Syrian Observatory called a ‘massacre’ – following alleged Coalition strikes on Bia’as.

According to Shaam News Network, “clashes [between ISIL and SDF] have moved into the centre of Tal Al Samin where international coalition aircraft, has launched dozens of air raids on positions controlled by IS. The raids resulted in the fall of eight martyrs in the village of Bi’as and many wounded among the civilian population.”

LCCSY placed the death toll at 11, while Raqqa is Being Slaughtered named eight civilian victims.

The Coalition announced on January 2nd 2017 that “Currently, five reports of civilian casualties received in November are still being assessed… Nov. 19, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, Syria.” An official later confirmed to Airwars that this related to allegations at Bia’as that day. The incident was still being assessed a month later, but on March 4th, the Coalition reported that “After a review of available information and/or strike video it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in this geographic area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Age unknown male killed
Age unknown female killed
Age unknown male killed
Age unknown male killed
Age unknown male killed
Age unknown male killed
Age unknown male killed
Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 11
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Jassem al Ali al Shamma (via RBSS)
  • Widah Abdallah al Hassan (via RBSS)
  • Ali Al Hamad Al Hmeidawi (via RBSS)
CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is a provisional reconciliation of the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, based on matching date and locational information.

The declassified documents were obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, and are included alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Bia'as, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • The report contained insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 18th-19th, the Coalition reported “Near Ar Raqqah, two strikes engaged an ISIL storage facility and destroyed seven oil storage tanks and four oil transfer compressors. Near Ayn Isa, 13 strikes engaged 10 ISIL tactical units; destroyed five fighting positions, an IED facility, a VBIED, and an artillery system; and damaged a supply route.“

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 11
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1523

Incident date

September 24, 2017

Location

مركدة , Markada, Al Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

35.765641, 40.771032 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Eleven civilians including one woman and two or more children died and many more were wounded in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Markada, local media reported.

All sources attributed the event to the US-led Coalition. The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that four non-combatants including two girls and a woman died. Insaan Rights Watch also put the death toll at four including two children. According to Jirstv and Shadadi media center two families were killed.

Alkhabou provided the most detail reporting: “Yesterday evening, Coalition forces targeted civilian houses in the town of Merkada, killing and injuring civilians, some of whom were left in a critical condition. Coalition aircraft bombed the homes of civilians with several high-explosive rockets in the town of (Markda) south of the city of Shaddadi, causing the death of a number of civilians. These include Fahad Radi and his daughters, and wife of Abu Sabri and his daughter; A refugee family from Iraq, and a large number of wounded, some seriously.”

Six people from a refugee Iraqi family were also reportedly killed.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “the death toll is likely to increase because of the presence of people injured in serious conditions”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Fahad Radi
Adult male killed
Daughter of Fahad Radi
Child female
Daughter of Fahad Radi
Child

Family members (2)

The wife of Abu Sabri
Adult female killed
Daughter of Abu Sabri
Child female

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Markada (مركدة), Al Hasakah governorate. The coordinates for this village are: 35.765641, 40.771032.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (2–3 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Markadah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 24th-25th, the Coalition reported: “Near Al Shadaddi, one strike destroyed an ISIS headquarters.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (2–3 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS675

Incident date

February 26, 2016

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Eleven civilians including six children and three women were killed and up to 60 others injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Douma, according to local sources.

Shaam News Network reported that “intense air raids by the Russian enemy on civilian homes in the city of Douma led to the fall of many wounded including women and children.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that at least five non-combatants died – “a citizen woman, man and two of his children and the child of his brother” – when suspected Russian warplanes carried out around 30 raids on areas in city, Ein Tarma and elsewhere in al-Marj and in the Eastern Ghouta. It later reported the death toll had risen to eight and added that the death toll was expected to rise because there were more than 20 people injured, some in critical condition. Friday Prayers in Douma were cancelled as a result of the strikes.

According to the Damascus White Helmets, there were more than 10 raids by Russian warplanes on residential areas in Douma, in conjunction with “violent artillery shelling“. Most other sources also blamed Russia, with accounts of the number of raids carried out varying between 20 and 50.

Syrian Press Centre reported that “Russian warplanes have launched 21 air raid targeted the neighbourhoods of the city of Douma on Friday, resulting in the fall of the eight martyrs dozens wounded, most of them children, were killed.”

According to Al Jazeera, there were “more than 50 Russian warplane raids in Eastern Ghouta on Douma, Jobar, Ain Tarma and Zamalaka which killed 11 people and wounded many others. Five of the dead were in Douma.”

Baladi, attributing the incident to Russia, also put the death toll at eight, but said that as many as 60 were injured – most of them women and children.

However, Al Souria appeared to blame both Russia and the regime, saying: “the Russian and regime Aviation targeted a number of residential neighbourhoods within the city”. But it  went on to add: “According to media activists from the city of Douma there have been more than 22 documented raids targeted several neighbourhoods within the city, with three Russian planes circling the skies coinciding with surveillance planes.

For his part, the correspondent of ‘Douma coordinating committee’ on Facebook said that 20 raids was carried out by the Russian Aviation within one hour on the neighbourhoods of the city under bombardment from rocket launchers.”

However, other reports, including those by the Syrian Network for Human Rights said that the regime was responsible. Some other sources referred to “terrorist groups”. Hour News tweeted: “According to SANA [government news agency] terrorist groups attacked Douma and Jobar in Damascus with missiles and shelling” – though didn’t identify these groups.

Annahar added that “Jaysh Al-Islam in Eastern Ghouta accused the regime of throwing two explosive barrels in an apparent breach of the ceasefire.”

The Violations Documentation Centre named 11 victims, including six children and one woman, as killed in regime shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Child female killed
Child male killed
Child male killed
Child male killed
Adult male killed

Family members (2)

Adult male killed
Adult male killed

Family members (2)

Child female killed
Child male killed

The victims were named as:

Adult male killed
Adult female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (6 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (71) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ismael Haj Yousef, killed in an alleged Russian raid. (via, VDC)
  • Moments after the alleged Russian and Syria Regime shelling began. (via, Qasioun)
  • Suspected alleged warplane which caused devastation and killed civilian casualties in Douma. (via, Qasioun)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of civilian casualties in the aftermath of the raid. (via, Masl15115 tweet)
  • A child describes in an interview his experiences as an airstrike hit his building. (via, Qasioun)
  • A child is rescued from the rubble by the White Helmets following an alleged Russian and Syria Regime raid. (via, SN4HR)
  • The aftermath of the alleged airstrikes on Douma. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • More footage showing the exact moments the airstrike fell. (via, Baladi-News Network)
  • Amina al Badawi, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • Omran Anwar Hamed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • Rateb Hamed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • Smoke rises in the aftermath of the raid. (via, SNN)
  • Smoke rises in the aftermath of the raid on Douma. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child is carried from the scene following an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Baladi News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a deceased adult male following the alleged raids in Douma. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Deceased civilians are carried away from the scene. (via, The White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A seriously injured young boy receiving medical treatment following an alleged raid on Douma. (via, The Unified Medical Office for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured chilren receiving medical treatment following an alleged raid on Douma. (via, The Unified Medical Office for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child receiving medical treatment following an alleged raid on Douma. (via, The Unified Medical Office for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Omran Anwar Hamed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, VDC)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (6 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (71) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1008

Incident date

July 16, 2016

Location

الألمجي, Al Alamji, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.208797, 37.162306 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Warplanes struck Al Almaji, a residential neighborhood in Old Aleppo and killed between 10 and 11 civilians, including women and children. According to Horrya News and the Syrian Network for Human Rights, Assad warplanes launched the raids. However, Shahba News Agency and other local news sources reported the raids to be Russian.

The Syrian Civil Defence said 11 people were killed in the raid. The Syrian Network for Human Rights put the numbers slightly lower at seven, also adding that 4 of them were children. Halab News reported that five children and three women were included in those killed.

According to Shahba, 23 people were injured in the raid.

Horrya News stated that “Assad warplanes launched raids in many neighbourhoods of Aleppo and killed more than 50 people including Al Almaji.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 11
  • (4–5 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man being rescued from the rubble after airstrikes hit Al Alamji neighbourhood in Old Aleppo. 16th July 2016. (via. Syrian PC).
  • Civil Defense officer saying that warplanes fired a missile killed 11 people including women and children (via White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being rescued following strikes on Al Almaji (via Shababrevolution tweet)

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Unknown

Russia has not reported any strikes between July 16th – 27th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 11
  • (4–5 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2963

Incident date

February 1, 2018

Location

كفرنبودة, Kafr Nbooda, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.429388, 36.49078 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between five and 11 civilians, including children and one woman, were killed and at least three were seriously injured following alleged Russian airstrikes striking in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, local media reported.

HalabTodayTV, who placed the death toll at eight, said that all eight fatalities were all from the same family, including three children, one woman and four men. This was echoed by a Civil Defense Information Officer in Hama, reported by Smart News Agency.

Meanwhile, the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR), who reported six fatalities, said that only one child and one woman were among the victims.

The death of one male victim, identified as Mohammed Abdul Latif Asmar, was reported the following day, February 2nd, when he died from the wounds he inflicted on February 1st. In total, four male victims were identified by name, hereof two from the same family.

When describing the attack, SN4HR said that Russian warplanes had fired two missile, while Shaam News Network described the weapons used as “high explosive missiles”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Adult male killed
Adult male killed

The victims were named as:

Adult male killed
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 11
  • (1–3 children1 woman4 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Abdullah Qaddour al-Qadour was reportedly among the victims following the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Al Latamna Youth Group)
  • Yassin Shalish and Abdullah Shalish were reportedly among the victims following the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Al Latamna Youth Group)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Al Latamna Youth Group)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Al Latamna Youth Group)
  • Footage depicting the great damage the alleged Russian airstrikes inflicted upon Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Jsirtv)
  • Civilians trying to rescue victims from under the rubble in the immediate aftermath of the alleged Russian shelling of Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Step News Agency)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of the alleged Russian shelling of Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018, are receiving treatment at a nearby hospital (via Smart News Agency)
  • Immediate aftermath of the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via @HalabTodayTv)
  • The Civil Defence working to rescue civilians from under the rubble following the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • The Civil Defence working to rescue civilians from under the rubble following the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018 (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Mohammed Abdul Latif Asmar was reportedly among the victims following the alleged Russian airstrikes in Kafr Nbooda, Hama, February 1st, 2018, as he died the following day, February 2nd, from the wounds he inflicted (via Al Latamna Youth Group)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 11
  • (1–3 children1 woman4 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI576

Incident date

March 24, 2017

Location

الموصل: غرب/الجانب الأيمن, Mosul, West / Right side, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.336843, 43.117979 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Local sources said that eleven civilians were killed and 14 others were injured due to airstrikes and artillery shelling in several neighborhoods in the west of Mosul.

While Sputnik News blamed the Coalition, other sources did not say who carried out the strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • Civilians reported injured
    14
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is a provisional reconciliation of the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, based on matching date and locational information.

The declassified documents were obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, and are included alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jan 25, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 24th-25th the Coalition noted: “Near Mosul, fives strikes engaged five ISIS tactical units; destroyed six mortar systems, five fighting positions, a vehicle, a supply cache, a command and control node, a sniper position, and a VBIED; damaged seven supply routes and three fighting positions; and suppressed three ISIS tactical units and an ISIS heavy machine gun team.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • Civilians reported injured
    14
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]