Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

CS156

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

كبش, Kabsh, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

36.1308734, 38.8404465 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least six civilians were killed and four injured in what was reported as a Coalition drone strike at Kabsh in northern Al Raqqah.

The attack targeted what was described as “a small convoy of vehicles transporting passengers”. A minibus carrying the civilians was said to have been destroyed.

The Syrian Press Centre was the only source not to attribute blame to the Coalition, citing “an unknown party”.

In July 2017, the Coalition classed the event as non credible on grounds of available evidence of civilian harm: “Dec. 12, 2015, near Kabsh, Syria, via Airwars report: After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find that civilians were harmed in this strike.”

Given that the Coalition has confirmed targeting vehicles at Raqqah that day, Airwars has requested additional information – and continues to assess this event as likely.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is a provisional reconciliation of the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, based on matching date and locational information.

The declassified documents were obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, and are included alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient evidence of civilian harm
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Kabsh, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jul 7, 2017
  • After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find that civilians were harmed in this strike.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Coalition did not publicly report any strikes in Al Raqqah for December 11th-12th 2015.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS269

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported killed and 20 injured in alleged Russian or Assad regime airstrikes on Al Bab. Up to 10 ISIL militants were also reported killed.

Media activist Nassim Al Shamali said Russian warplanes launched several raid with cluster bombs on Daesh-occupied Al Bab, targeting al Noveaute street, Dowar al Manshie and several other areas. He said four of the 20 injured were in a critical condition and that the death toll would likely rise.

Halab News also reported three deaths including 27-year old Abdul-Qader al-Issa. But it only blamed Mr al-Issa’s death on Russia, saying that two further unnamed victims died after an airstrike by the Syrian regime.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Abdul-Qader al-Issa
27 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS270

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

سقبا, Sakba, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.51926, 36.38376 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between four and five non-combatants were killed in airstrikes on Sakba, according to multiple sources.

The Shaam News Network reported that two civilians died in two alleged Russian strikes on the town. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported unspecified losses also due to alleged Russian attacks.

However, footage of the attack from two separate sources appears to show Syrian Air Force MiG23s.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Mohammad Husni al-Memari
Age unknown male named by VDC killed
Issam Rada
Age unknown named by VDC killed
Redwan Mohammad Ali al-Senn
Age unknown named by VDC killed
Majed al-Sheikh Khaleel
Age unknown named by VDC killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilians carried from the wreckage in Sakba. (via, Yusuf al Bustani tweet)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mohammad Husni al Memari, also known as Abu Sakhr. 12th December 2015. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Majed al Sheikh, 12th December 2015. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Issam Rada, 12th December 2015. (via, SNN)
  • Ambulances rush into the vicinity, moments after the raids fell. (via, Abu al Fida’a Eastern Ghouta)
  • The aftermath of the airstrike in Sakba. (via, Saquaba Revolution)
  • The exact moment the airstrike hit Sakba. (via, Abu al Fida’a Eastern Ghouta)
  • Warplanes in the skies about Sakba. (via. Saquaba Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian casualty following airstrikes on Sakba. (via, Saquaba Revolution)
  • Chaos following the airstrikes on Sakbah. (via, The White Helmets)
  • A video catching the exact moment in which the airstrike hit Sakba. (via, Syrian Revolution Coordinators Union)
  • More footage of the moment the airstrike struck. (via, Anas al Khloe, with a Syrian Rebels Gathering logo on screen)
  • The impact of the airstrike. (via, Jobar News)
  • The aftermath of the airstrike in Sakba. (via, Radiio al Kuhl)
  • Destroyed infrastructure following airstrikes in Sakba. (via, Kafr Batna Coordinators Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS268

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

السوسة, Al Soussa, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.53366, 40.95819 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Twelve civilians – most of which were women and children – were killed and several injured in an airstrike on Al Soussa – though reports were conflicted as to whether the attack was the work of Russia or the Assad regime. One source also blames the Coalition.

The Shaam News Network initially reported that 10 non-combatants – most of them from the same family – died when Russian warplanes struck. But the Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed regime warplanes, and put the death toll at nine.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (12)

Samirah al-Turky
Adult female Named by VDC killed
Son of Samiraal-Turky
Child male Named by VDC killed
Sara al-Turky
Adult female Named by VDC killed
Son of Sara al-Turky
Child male Named by VDC killed
Fatima al-Turky
Adult female Named by VDC killed
Khawla al-Turky
Adult female Named by VDC killed
Daughter of Khawla al-Turky
Child female Named by VDC killed
Amira al-Turky
Adult female Named by VDC killed
Daughter of Faysal al-Turky
Child female Named by VDC killed
Tahani al Turki
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured
The wife of Faisal Al Turki
Age unknown female Listed by Syria2011 injured
Mubarak al Turki
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured

The victims were named as:

Joza al-Thani
Adult female Named by VDC killed
Daughter of Khawla al-Obaid
Child female Named by VDC killed
Abdullah al-Mohammad al-Ewaid
Adult male Named by VDC killed
Manar al Ibrahim al Mheissan
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured
Abd al Aziz al Hamed
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured
Abir al Hamed
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured
Shaimaa al Khaled al Hussein
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured
Jamila al Ibrahim
Age unknown Listed by Syria2011 injured
The son of Rifa’at al Thani.
Child male Listed by Syria2011 injured
Son of Omar al Hussein 1
Child male Listed by Syria2011, one of them in a critical condition injured
Son of Omar al Hussein 2
Child male Listed by Syria2011, one of them in a critical condition injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (5 children6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, US-led Coalition

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • A house targeted by airstrikes has been destroyed. (via, Syrian revolution forum)
  • Part of the damaged infrastructure in Al Soussa village. (via Syrian Revolution Forum)
  • An image taken almost immediately after the airstrike fell. (via, Deir Ezzor is slaughtered silently)
  • Although this video is no longer available, this screengrab shows part of the aftermath of the airstrike. (via, Syrialander)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (5 children6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, US-led Coalition

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS266

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

منبج, Manbij, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.52815, 37.95495 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 13 and 33 civilians, including three women and nine children, were killed and between 30 and 60 injured in airstrikes on Daesh-occupied Mabij, according to multiple sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether the attack was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

The IS news agency Al A’maq reported that five non-combatants died and more than 30 were wounded in eight strikes – but they did not state who was responsible.

The Shaam News Network referenced the Al A’maq report but added that activists stressed that the number of dead was 15 people, pointing out that the city was full of ambulances transporting those killed and injured. They said Russia was responsible for the raids.

According to Alaan TV, there were a series of Russian raids on several neighbourhoods in the Manbij. They referenced the official page of ‘Manbej News’ on Facebook which stated that three members of Dash were killed in a raid near the Al Amal Hospital in the city centre and added that although Russian aircraft are bombing areas under Daesh control they are only target civilians.

A media activist named Ghassan told the station that 33 civilians, including 15 children and three women, were killed and more than 60 wounded in Russian strikes targeting Al Jazeera road, the Al Sarab neighbourhood and Shoueihna road near Al Amal hospital, in addition to the area surrounding the Shari court (previously Hnaidal school), which belongs to Dash. He stressed that there were still victims stuck under the rubble.

He added that after the raids citizens were in a state of fear and panic, prompting some “families” to leave the city, but Daesh had arrested a number of people from these families after accusing the civilians who were trying to flee of creating confusion and encouraging others to leave Manbij. He added the citizens of the city had demonstrated against the presence of Daesh in recent months and “arbitrary harassment of citizens and control of their affairs”.

But the Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed shelling by the Assad regime death toll, which they put at 13, including eight children and three women.

17 victims were listed by the Violations Documentation Centre.  Six Unidentified male children were also listed.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Daughter of Seif Eddin Wiam 1
Child female Named by the VDC killed
Daughter of Seif Eddin Wiam 2
Child female Named by the VDC killed

Family members (3)

Shayer family
Adult female Named by the VDC killed
Shayer family
Adult female Named by the VDC killed
Shayer family
Adult female Named by the VDC killed

The victims were named as:

Basel Deebo al-Hosho
Adult male Named by the VDC. killed
Saif Eddin al-Dado
Adult male Named by the VDC. killed
Ibraheem al-Kassam
Adult male Named by the VDC killed
Mohammad Othman al-Hameed
Adult male Named by the VDC killed
Ibraheem Ahmad al-Saeid
Adult male Named by the VDC killed
Ali Haj Awad
Child male Named by the VDC killed

Summary

  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 33
  • (9 children3 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrike on Manbij, December 12th. (via, Alaan TV)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russian position: Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 33
  • (9 children3 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS267

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

الأتارب, Al Atarib, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.136728, 36.829274 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 14 and 20 civilians, including three women and two children, were killed and between two and 12 injured in airstrikes on Al Atarib, according to multiple sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether the attack was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

The Shaam News Network initially reported that four non-combatants, including one child and one woman died and several were wounded when Russian warplanes allegedly carried out three raids on Al Atarib, completely destroying five houses and three shops. But a subsequent report put the death toll at at least 10, with “many wounded“, adding that some civilians were still stuck under the rubble. Both of these sources stated that Russian warplanes were responsible for the attacks.

The Union of Hama Rebels listed 14 non-combatants killed, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights put the death toll lower at three with no less than 12 wounded.

The White Helmets also listed 14 killed but did not state who the planes belonged to – neither did Halab News Network, who posted a video showing the aftermath of the attack, referring only to “bombing by warplanes“.

But the Syrian Network for Human Rights produced two reports which said that Assad regime was responsible. The initial report put the number killed at four, including one woman and one child, but a second report said that the death toll had risen to 14, including one women and two children.

16 victims were named by the Violations Documentation Centre.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Abdulla Kashto
Adult male killed
Adnan Kashto
Adult male listed under Taibet Al Imam but in notes it says he was displaced from there but was killed in Atareb. killed
Mwafaq Kashto
Adult male listed under Taibet Al Imam but in notes it says he was displaced from there but was killed in Atareb. killed

Family members (5)

Mohammad Eid al-Shoun
Adult male killed
Saeid al-Shoun
Adult male killed
Abdul Razak al-Shoun
Adult male killed
Khaled Saeid al-Shoun
Adult male killed
Nour Udai al-Shoun
Child female killed

The victims were named as:

Omar Abdulla Aaroub
Adult male killed
Hasan Mohammad Saeed
Adult male killed
Miriam Hantash
Adult female killed
Hanaa Jwaid
Adult female killed
Abdul Kader Abdul Wahab Abyan
Child male killed
Abdulla Kadro
Adult male killed
Nour al-Badawi
Adult female killed
Hassan Omar Rashid
Age unknown Named by the White Helmets. killed
Abdullah Al Kaddour
Age unknown male Named by the White Helmets. killed
Abdul Razak Razzouk from Tibat Al Imam
Age unknown male Named by the White Helmets.
Mohammad al-Arour
Adult male listed under Orme but in notes it says he was killed in Atareb. killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 20
  • (2 children3 women13–14 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • The White Helmets removed the body of a child from the rubble following an alleged Russian airstrike on Atareb, December 12th (via, The White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian and Syrian Regime airstrikes. (via, Halab News Network)
  • Adnan Kashto, adult male, killed in a contested airstrike. (via, VDC)
  • Mwafaq Kashto, adult male, killed in a contested airstrike. (via, VDC)
  • Video footage showing the extent of destruction to the local infrastructure in Atarib. (via, Qasioun News Network)
  • Trying to salvage what is left following the airstrikes on Atarib. (via, White Helmets)
  • What is left of some local shops in Ararib. (via, SNN)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 20
  • (2 children3 women13–14 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS264

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

كفر زيتة, Kafr Zita, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.37425, 36.6033 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafr Zita, according to the Union of Hama Rebels and the VDC. The victim has been named as Zamzam Abdo Al Laban from Kafr Zita

Reporting remains confused, with multiple alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafr Zita between December 9th and 12th which resulted in a likely total of six civilian deaths.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Zamzam Abdo Al Laban
Adult male From Kafr Zita. killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Kafr Zita (كفر زيتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.37425, 36.6033. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Unknown

Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS265

Incident date

December 12, 2015

Location

سبع و اربعين, Saba’a wa Arba’een, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.0811704, 40.6566453 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and several others injured in an alleged Russian attack by helicopters on southern rural villages of Hassaka, according to Siraj Al Hasskawi, an activist from the region.

Hasskawi noted that if the helicopters proved to be Russian then this would be the first raid in the area since the announcement of Russian strikes.

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russian position: Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]