Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3397

Incident date

March 20–21, 2019

Location

الفقيع, Faqee’, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

The children Mariam, Fatima, Abdullah and Islam al Mer’e, IDP’s from Al Traimsa village in Hama, were killed alongside their father Ismail while their mother was injured in what was believed to be a Russian airstrike on their house in Al Faqee in Idlib, according to local media. The airstrike was reportedly conducted after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st.

A correspondent from Shaam News added that Russian aircraft struck the outskirts of the city of Jisr al-Shughour and Hamdina area south of the city of Maarat al-Nu’man, the villages of Sheikh Mustafa and the village of al-Faqee, where the family was killed. Halab Today TV added that a total of six Russian aircraft conducted the attacks on these villages.

According to EMC, “rockets” were used in the attack, which Ebaa News referred to as “rocket-propelled grenades”.  Alaraby added that shelling left many civilians wounded.

Baladi News was the only source that reported two civilians were killed.

Euphrates Post reported that only three children from the family were killed, although most other sources put the number at four – and posted photographs of their bodies on social media.

Alaraby put the death toll at seven civilians were killed including five children. The source reported that among the victims were Ismail and his four children.

A total of six civilians were reported wounded including Ismail’s wife, and a number of other women and children among whom one child was reportedly left in a critical condition.

The incident occured around midnight.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–7
  • (2–4 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mourning over one of the victims killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Cleaning the rubble after an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Searching through the rubble after an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Rubble caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Rubble caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Rubble caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Rubble caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • Rubble caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee’ in Idlib after midnight on the night between March 20th and 21st (via Euphrates post).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee in Idlib after midnight between March 20th and 21st (via Shaam).
  • Destruction caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee, Idlib, after midnight on the night between March 20th and March 21st (via Halab Today TV).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video of the search for bodies after an alleged Russian airstrike struck Faqee, Idlib between March 20th and 21st (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Destruction caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee, Idlib, between March 20th and 21st (via Ebaa).
  • Destruction caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee, Idlib, between March 20th-21st (via Ebaa).
  • Destruction caused by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee, Idlib, between March 20th-21st (via Ebaa).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee, Idlib, between March 20th and 21st (via Orient).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee, Idlib, between March 20th and 21st (via Syria TV).
  • Video report after an alleged Russian airstrike struck Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st, claiming an entire family was killed in the attack (via Mohammed).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video of bodies being pulled from the rubble after after an alleged Russian airstrike struck Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st. The source claimed four children and their parents were burried under the rubble (via ENN).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The Children Mariam, Fatima, Abdullah and Islam al Mer'e, IDP's from Al Traimsa village in Hama were killed alongside their father Ismail while their mother was injured in what was believed to be a Russian airstrike on their house in Al Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st (via SN4HR).
  • A child who was injured by an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st (via @ShahbaPress).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defense Forces pulling a person out of the rubble after an alleged Russian airstrike struck Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defense Forces pulling someone out of the rubble after an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Syrian Civil Defense Forces pulling someone out of the rubble after an alleged Russian airstrike on Faqee in Idlib between March 20th and 21st (via Syrian Civil Defense).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–7
  • (2–4 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3398

Incident date

March 20–21, 2019

Location

قرية بسيدا, Bsida village, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that six Russian aircrafts carried out airstrikes on a number of villages in rural Idlib including Bsida village. One woman was reported injured in this particular village, while an airstrike on Al Faqee caused a number of fatalities and wounded civilians that Airwars documented in assessment R3397.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3399

Incident date

March 20, 2019

Location

بلدات متعددة في ريف إدلب,, Several towns in Idlib countryside, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that Russian warplanes carried out strikes on a number of towns and villages in Idlib on March 20th and 21st, resulting in the death of up to five civilians.

According to the Step News Agency, “Russia launched several air raids on the towns of Sheikh Mustafa and Basida  and the outskirts of Kfaroma and Kasabiya and the vicinity of Tel Asas in rural Idlib killing five people from one family including a child”.

@SyrianCoalition reported that “the aerial bombardment carried out by Russian planes on different towns and villages of the countryside of Idlib and Hama resulted in the deaths of civilians, in addition to the number of wounded, including children and women.”

FGresh Syria added that “the Russian occupation aircraft launched several air raids targeting the sugar factory south of the city of Jisr al-Shughuru along with raids on Sheikh Mustafa, Kafruma, Qasabiya and the grain silos in Bsaida and Talas and the vicinity of Karsgana in the southern and western Idlib.”

According to @NazzalFadi, “Russian warplanes launched violent raids on the positions of Jabhet Al Nusra in the towns of Sheikh Mustafa, Qasabiya and Kfaroma, reportedly destroying  weapons stores and  killing and wounding dozens of members  of Jabhet Al Nusra.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–5
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–5
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3395

Incident date

March 13, 2019

Location

الأحياء السكنية في مدينة ادلب,, residential areas in Idlib city, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In a major civilian casualty incident, up to 17 civilians including as many as eight children and four women across multiple families died in alleged Russia airstrike on residential areas in Idlib, local media reported. Up to another 50 civilians including many women and children were also injured.

Sources said that the strikes occurred in the al Kasih area in the middle of Idlib city and the Al Qousor area. Multiple reports said that civilian buildings had been struck and sources published images showing widespread destruction to the area.

The White Helmets said that they’d worked nine hours continuously to rescue victims. They said that they’d “managed to retrieve the bodies of 15 civilians, including 8 children and 2 women, and rushed 49 wounded people to hospitals, including 17 women and 7 children.”

According to the Smart News Agency, “the bombing focused on the perimeter of a government building and the nearby electricity company. Residential buildings collapsed and killed eight people including women and children. and destroy them killing eight people, including women and children in the initial toll.” The source noted that these were “the first to target the city of Idlib since March last year.”

Most sources put the death toll in the range of 12 to 17 with dozens more wounded.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8–17
  • (5–8 children1–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–50
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rises above Idlib city on March 13th following alleged Russian airstrikes (via Euphrates Post)
  • Smoke rises above Idlib city on March 13th following alleged Russian airstrikes (via Euphrates Post)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Scene from Idlib following alleged Russian strikes, March 13th
  • Scene from Idlib following alleged Russian strikes, March 13th
  • 'Russian missiles in Idlib'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A father weeps over a child killed in an alleged Russian strike on Idlib. march 13th 2019 (via Step)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man is rescued alive by the White Helmets following alleged Russian airstrikes on Idlib, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Idlib city, March 13th 2019 (via EMC)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Idlib city, March 13th 2019 (via EMC)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Idlib city, March 13th 2019 (via EMC)
  • Fires blaze in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th (via Halab)
  • More scenes of destruction following alleged Russian airstrikes on Idlib, March 13th 2019 (via SN4HR)
  • A wounded child following an alleged Russian strike on Idlib, March 13th 2019 (via SN4HR)
  • Images from the White Helmets of the rescue attempts in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • Images from the White Helmets of the rescue attempts in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • Images from the White Helmets of the rescue attempts in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • Images from the White Helmets of the rescue attempts in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • Images from the White Helmets of the rescue attempts in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • Images from the White Helmets of the rescue attempts in Idlib following alleged Russian airstrikes, March 13th 2019 (via White Helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8–17
  • (5–8 children1–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–50
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3394

Incident date

March 13, 2019

Location

كفر عميم , Kafr A’mem, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians – both reportedly women – died and up to 20 more were wounded in an alleged Russia airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafr A’mem, according to multipel local sources.

EMC reported: “two women were killed and about 20 others were injured, mostly children, when the Russian occupation aircraft targeted a camp near the town of Kafrish, east of Sarakib, at dawn on Wednesday [March 13th].”

According to Sarayarabic, “the official page of the civil defense in Idlib targeted that two Russian warplanes loaded with four rockets struck a camp for the displaced east of the town of Sarakib in the town of Kafr El-Askar. The source said the civil defense team  worked to transfer the injured to medical points and then transferred them to other specialised hospitals. The martyrs were under the rubble of a house they were sheltering in next to their camp.”

The Shaam News Network said that “several” were wounded in addition to the two reported killed.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • Images of children wounded in an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafr A’mem, March 13th 2019.
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019 (via SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019 (via SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019 (via SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019 (via SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019 (via SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019 (via SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019.
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019.
  • 'The effects of destruction in a displaced persons camp in Idlib as a result of Russian air strikes'
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019. (via AA)
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019. (via AA)
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019. (via AA)
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019. (via AA)
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019. (via AA)
  • Footage showing the rescue attempts following an alleged Russian airstrike on a camp for displaced persons in Kafar A'mem, March 13th 2019. (via AA)
  • 'Image showing one of children was wounded as fixed- wing warplanes we believed were Russian fired two missiles near a gathering of IDPs’ tents in east of Kafr Amim village in Idlib governorate eastern suburbs, on March 13, 2019.' (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3393

Incident date

March 13, 2019

Location

سراقب , Saraqeb, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source, EMC, reported: “two civilians were wounded in a raid by Russian occupation aircraft with high-explosive missiles on the town of Sarqeb east Idlib.”

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3396

Incident date

March 13, 2019

Location

سجن ادلب المركزي, Idlib Central Prison, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that two Russian planes launched eight raids on the city of Idlib, including residential areas. Baladi News reported that six airstrikes struck the central prison west of the city of Idlib causing the destructing of one of the buildings.

Multiple C\civilians including prisoners and prison staff were reported killed and wounded while a number of other prisoners managed to escape the prison. Activists’ posts on social networking sites showed dozens of prisoners fleeing the prison, some on foot and others with small trucks. The director of Al-Shaam said that among the prisoners who escaped from the prison were agents of the Syrian regime.

Orient News reported that nine civilians were killed and 45 civilians were wounded. The source claimed that dozens of prisoners escaped when one of the walls of the prison was struck.

Sky News put the civilian death toll higher at 13 people killed with 60 more wounded. Among the victims were six children. The source added that 100 prisoners escaped.

According to Edlib EMC, a total of 15 people were killed including five children, with 40 others wounded. It also did not specify how many of this number were civilians.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that 26 people had been killed including eight children under the age of 18, two women and and nine male prisoners.

According to the Shaam News Network, a staggering number of 50 detainees were killed of whom 14 were said to be civilians, including women and children.

All sources blamed Russia except thee Syrian Observatory for Human Rights who believed the airstrikes were conducted by the Syrian regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–26
  • (5–8 children2 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–60
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Video of the aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on the central prison area in the city of Idlib reported to have resulted in civilian casualties, and the escape of dozens of prisoners after the destruction of some walls of the prison (via Orient News).
  • Wounded prisoners after an alleged Russian airstrike struck the central prison area in the city of Idlib (via @aboalhodaalhoms).
  • Video showing the alleged Russian airstrike on the Idlib prison.
  • Destruction of Idlib hospital after an alleged Russian airstrike (va Shaam).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–26
  • (5–8 children2 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–60
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3392

Incident date

March 13, 2019

Location

Tal Mardikh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that an unspecified number of civilians were wounded in an alleged Russian airstrike on Tal Mardikh.

Horrya said: “According to a reporter, Russian warplanes launched heavy air raids, on Tuesday night [March 12th], with rockets and vacuum and concussion missiles on the city of Sarakib and the towns of Tel Mardikh and Khan Sabeel south of Idlib.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]