Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3840

Incident date

August 21, 2019

Location

دير الغربي, Deir Al Gharbi, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Three to five civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Deir Al Gharbi, Idlib, on August 21st.

In line with other sources, both Shahba Press and Edlib Media Center reported “three civilian martyrs and several wounded” “due to raids by Russian occupation aircraft on the town of Deir al-Gharbi.”

Meanwhile, an early report from Shaam News reported the death of one child in Deir Al Gharbi, yet followed this with reports of “five martyrs and a number of wounded in Deir Al Gharbi” as a result of ” Syrian regime & Russian warplanes and helicopters launch[ing[ dozens of airstrikes in a number of locations.

Syrian Network for Human Rights stated that “at least four civilians, including a woman, were killed as warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on al Deir al Gharbi […], on August 21st, 2019.”

Sources variously attributed the attack to Russian forces and the Syrian regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3839

Incident date

August 21, 2019

Location

معرشورين, Ma’ar Shourin, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Ma’ar Shourin, Idlib, on August 21st.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “a citizen was killed due to raids by the regime’s warplanes on Ma’ar Shourin in Maarrat Al-Nu’man countryside.”

Meanwhile, Shaam News stated that “two martyrs fell in the town of Ma’ar Shourin”, attributing this strike, among others, to both Russian forces and the Syrian regime.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3831

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

بنين, Binin, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Binin, Idlib, on August 20th.

@ShahbaPress tweeted that “two civilians [were] martyred and wounded due to an airstrike by Russian occupation aircraft on the village of Binin south of Idlib.”

Syria Civil Defense stated that “a child and a man were killed and four others were injured, including two women from the same family, as a result of a Russian airstrike on Tuesday, targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin”.

Similarly, @ShahbaPress reported that “a child and a young man were killed and two women and two men were injured in a new toll due to airstrikes on the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib at dawn on Tuesday.”

Halab Today cited the death of two children.

Macro Media Center named the girl killed as Jana Abdul Latif Harami, and Justice Organisation named her brother, “a young man”, killed as Hussein Abdellatif Harami.

All other sources referred to “wounded civilians”, which, according to Edlib Media Center, included children. As understanding of events unfolded, cited figures for injury rose from one, to four to five from the same family.

All sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (25) [ collapse]

  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image caption translation: "A child and a man were killed and four others were injured, including two women from the same family, as a result of a Russian airstrike on Tuesday, targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin, northwest of Maarat al-Nouman, our teams were there with civilians, where the martyrs were recovered after more than 10 hours of work." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "A child and a man were killed and four others were injured, including two women from the same family, as a result of a Russian airstrike on Tuesday, targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin, northwest of Maarat al-Nouman, our teams were there with civilians, where the martyrs were recovered after more than 10 hours of work." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "A child and a man were killed and four others were injured, including two women from the same family, as a result of a Russian airstrike on Tuesday, targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin, northwest of Maarat al-Nouman, our teams were there with civilians, where the martyrs were recovered after more than 10 hours of work." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "A child and a man were killed and four others were injured, including two women from the same family, as a result of a Russian airstrike on Tuesday, targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin, northwest of Maarat al-Nouman, our teams were there with civilians, where the martyrs were recovered after more than 10 hours of work." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "A child and a man were killed and four others were injured, including two women from the same family, as a result of a Russian airstrike on Tuesday, targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin, northwest of Maarat al-Nouman, our teams were there with civilians, where the martyrs were recovered after more than 10 hours of work." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "A child and a young man were killed and two women and two men were injured in a new toll due to airstrikes on the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib at dawn on Tuesday." (via @ShahbaPress)
  • Video caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib."

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3833

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil , Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Kafar Nabil, Idlib, on August 20th.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights stated that “two men” were killed “in Russian airstrikes on the town of Kafar Nabil”.

Meanwhile, Syria.liveuamap reported that “one civilian” perished  “in Kafar Nabil, due to Russian raids.”

Both sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3832

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

حيش, Heesh , Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two to three civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Heesh, Idlib, on August 20th.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights stated that “a man and a child” were killed “as a result of Russian raids on the village of Heesh”. The same source elsewhere reported the death of three in the attack.

Syria.liveuamap documented that “two men and a child were killed in Haysh and Madani village near Kafranbel due to Russian raids.”

All sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1–-1 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1–-1 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3835

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

بلدة التح, Al Tah Town, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in airstrikes on Al Tah Town, Idlib, on August 20th.

Edlib Media Center documented “a martyr and several wounded after the Russian occupation forces targeted the town of Al Tah, south of Idlib, with vacuum missiles.”

Macro Media Center and Syrian Network for Human Rights named the civilian killed as Abdul Hadi Qteish.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also “documented the death of a citizen and the injury of five others”, while other sources cited “several wounded.”

All sources attributed the airstrike to Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3834

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, on August 20th.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights stated that “two men” were killed “in a Russian airstrike on the city of Maaret al-Nu’man”.

Meanwhile, Step News reported “the Russian bombing of a young man and a girl” in Maaret al-Nu’man, and the “extraction [of] four alive people from the rubble, including two children.”

Both sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (0–1 children1–2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (0–1 children1–2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3827

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Outskirts of Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A Turkish military convoy crewed by civilian personnel came under air attack from regime forces (or possibly Russian) – leading to the reported deaths of up to three civilians and the injuring of a further 12. The convoy appeared to be attempting to deliver heavy armour including tanks and armoured personnel carriers to the rebel held town of Ma`arat Al Nu`man.

Shabab al Latimina and the Syrian Network for Human Rights named two civilian victims from the city as Hayel Nizar Al-Sejnawi (killed) and the injury of Hayel Naji Al-Sejnawi. Other sources reported only that local faction fighters were killed and injured.

Reports of civilian deaths came from the Turkish military – in a statement first issued and then withdrawn. As Halab Today News noted, “The Turkish Ministry of Defense in a statement condemned the targeting of a military convoy belonging to it on Monday, by the regime forces, while heading to the ninth control point in the area of ​​”escalation reduction” south of Idlib. The Turkish Defense Ministry said that the regime forces targeted the Turkish military convoy heading to the observation point at 8:55[am], pointing out that it informed the Russian side of the destination of the convoy.

In a statement, the ministry pointed out that three civilians were killed and 12 others were injured in the shelling, stressing that the shelling violates the agreements concluded on the “safe area” in Idlib with Russia, noting that the regime forces continue to target civilians increases the human suffering in the region. She stressed that it strongly condemns the attack despite the agreements concluded and cooperation and coordination with Russia, calling on the latter to take all measures to ensure that the attack does not repeat, while Ankara reserves the right to respond.”

Halab Today also noted a report from Aleppo Today which said that the regime had targeted cars from the so-called National Liberation Front which were accompanying the Turkish convoy, which had resulted in the killing of a member of the National Front and the wounding of others. Step News made similar claims. Smart News said the dead fighter belonged to the Faelq Al Sham faction, with three others injured.

Ariha Now published what it said were images both of the convoy, and of the attack. Smart News also published a series of photographs said to depict the attack.

In its original statement the Turkish military blamed the Assad regime for the strike, though said it also held Russia partly responsible. The Syrian Observatory blamed both Russia and the regime for the attack, noting that “Warplanes of the Syrian regime and the Russian “guarantor” carried out airstrikes on the vicinity of the Turkish column, which is stopped on Damascus – Aleppo international highway near Maarrat al-Nu’man city south of Idlib, where the airstrikes killed a fighter of a Turkey-loyal corps which escorts the column and injured several other members.”

The Syrian Observatory was alone in blaming Russia for the attack. All other sources pointed to the regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Hayel Nizar Al-Sejnawi male killed
  • Hayel Naji Al-Sejnawi male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • According to Ariha Now, this undated image shows the Turkish convoy prior to the August 19th attack.
  • According to Ariha Now, this image depicts an airstrike on a Turkish convoy which killed three civilian drivers.
  • Original statement by Turkish MoD on a fatal airstrike on one of its convoys on August 19th 2019.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]