Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4252

Incident date

March 1, 2020

Location

كفرنتين, Kafar Natin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians, including a child, were killed and more than three others were wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the village of Kafar Natin, Aleppo governorate, on March 1st, 2020, according to local sources.

SMART News Agency reported that “five civilians, including a child, were killed and three others wounded on Sunday [March 1st, 2020], by Russian airstrikes on the village of Kafarnatin village, west of Aleppo, northern Syria”.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that Syrian regime warplanes targeted the homes of civilians in the morning. The SCD in Aleppo reported the names of five killed civilians, including four male adults and a child: Mahdi Al JarrRaji Abdullah HassanIbrahim Jameel Al JarrImran Jamil Al Jarr and the child Muhammad Abdul Kafi Mustafa.

SCD Aleppo also identified three wounded victims, all part of the Al Jarr family, and stated there were three more unnamed injured civilians, putting the total toll of injured at six civilians.

Nearly all sources reported Russia as the belligerent, but the Syrian Civil Defence and the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the Syrian regime had been responsible.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (1 child4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Civilian homes were reportedly targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Civilian homes were destroyed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Civilian homes were reportedly targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (1 child4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4255

Incident date

March 1, 2020

Location

قسطون, Qastoun, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reportedly injured in alleged Russian air and/or artillery strikes on the village of Qastoun, Hama governorate, on March 1st, 2020, according to Smart News Agency.

Smart wrote that activists had reported an injured civilian “as a result of Russian air and sea bombing on the village of Qastoun northwest of Hama”.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4251

Incident date

February 28, 2020

Location

سراقب, Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including a child were reported killed and two other civilians injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Saraqib in Idlib, Syria on February 28th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “at least three civilians, including a child, were killed on February 28th, as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on a residential building in Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, while they turned to check their houses after faction of the armed opposition- supported by Turkish forces- seize control over the city on February 26th.”

 

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4250A

Incident date

February 27, 2020

Location

سراقب, Saraqeb, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A journalist was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Saraqib city on February 27th, 2020, according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights.

SNHR reported that “the media activist Asmar Aslan, born in 1995, a reporter for Radio Al Kul, from Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, was injured as fixed-wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on the western outskirts of Saraqeb city, while he was covering battles between Syrian regime forces and their allies on one hand and factions from armed opposition on the other hand, at dawn of February 27, 2020″.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The incident occured around dawn.

  • Asmar Aslan 24 years old male reporter for Radio al Kul, from Saraqeb city injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Asmar Aslan, a reporter for Radio Al Kul, was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Saraqeb city on February 27th, 2020 (via SNHR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4250

Incident date

February 27, 2020

Location

جنوب مدينة ادلب, Idlib city (south), Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two children brothers were reported killed and between four and seven civilians were reported injured after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the southern outskirts of Idlib city on February 27th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “The children, brothers Ghaid and Majd Mustafa al Qadah, from Kafranbel city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, were killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on the southern outskirts of Idlib city, on February 27th.”

Shaam reported that a displaced child was killed, as Russian warplanes targeted the city several times.

Abdul Razzaq Ghafir, administrator in the documentation section of the Clinics hospital in Idlib city, told SMART News Agency that “the regime’s warplanes targeted the southern neighbourhood of Idlib, killing a child. As a result, seven civilians were wounded.”

@Step_Agency reported that four civilians were wounded in the airstrikes, not specifying the belligerent.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4249

Incident date

February 27, 2020

Location

شلخ, Shalakh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four or five civilians, including women and children, were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the village of Shalakh, northern Idlib countryside, in the evening of February 27th, 2020, according to local sources.

Shaam News Network reported that the airstrikes occurred in the evening. Activists told Shaam that “Russian warplanes targeted civilian homes in the village of Shalakh in the northern countryside of Idlib, leaving a massacre of five civilians: four women and a girl”, which were pulled from underneath the rubble by Syrian Civil Defence volunteers.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights also reported that four women and one child were killed in Russian airstrikes, adding that most of the victims were part of the same family.

An employee from the media office of the Directorate of Civil Defence in Idlib reported the deaths of four civilians, including two children and a woman, and the injury of a man, possibly a Syrian Civil Defence volunteer.

Whereas most sources pointed to Russia as the belligerent, Step News Agency stated the Syrian regime had been responsible for the airstrike.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1–2 children1–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1–2 children1–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4250B

Incident date

February 27, 2020

Location

طرنبة, Trunba, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Hussein Ahmad al Hasan was killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired a missile on al Trunba village in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on February 27th.”

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4248A

Incident date

February 27, 2020

Location

قرية مشون, Mashoun village, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

@ShahbaPress reported that “Civilians were wounded as a result of raids by Russian occupation planes on the village of Mashoun in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south Idlib” on February 27th, 2020.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]