Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4398

Incident date

October 1, 2021

Location

أم الريش, Umm Al Reesh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Umm Al Reesh on October 1, 2021.

Al Mashreq Agency reported that a child was wounded in shelling on the village of Umm Al Reesh. Both @itsnotsuhad and @mzmgr941 also identified one child as being injured.

Both Al Mashreq Agency and @itsnotsuhad attributed the shelling to both the regime and Russia while the only other source that reported on the incident, @mzmgr941, did not identify who was to blame.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4397

Incident date

October 1, 2021

Location

جسر الشغور, Jisr Al Shughour, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two women were injured in alleged regime or Russian shelling on the city of Jisr al-Shughur on October 1, 2021.

According to @MMCSYR, two women were injured in regime and Russian shelling on Jisr al-Shughur. Al Mashreq Agency also reported that two women were wounded.

A tweet from @rahhalahmad06 provided the casualty toll from the incident to be one woman injured.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the regime. However, @SyriaCivilDefe refers to both the regime and Russia as carrying out strikes on the city of Jisr Al-Shughur. The Al-Jisr Network Correspondent reported that rocket-propelled grenades were used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Artillery shelling on Jisr Al-Shughur. (Image posted by @Omhajr000)
  • Artillery shelling on Jisr Al-Shughur. (Image posted by @Omhajr000)
  • Two women were injured in shelling on the city of Jisr al-Shughur on October 1, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Two women were injured in shelling on the city of Jisr al-Shughur on October 1, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Two women were injured in shelling on the city of Jisr al-Shughur on October 1, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4395

Incident date

September 27, 2021

Location

مجدليا, Majdliya, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including a child, were injured in alleged Russian and regime artillery shelling of the town of Majdlaya on September 27, 2021.

Syrian Civil Defense reported that at least one civilian, a child, was injured in shelling of the town of Majdlaya and the child was taken to the hospital for treatment.

A tweet from @VOSyria_ identified two civilians as being injured in the strikes. Other sources also mention “several civilian casualties” but do not provide a specific number.

@farzat1711 pointed out that residential neighborhoods in the center of Majdalaya were  bombarded during this incident.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with @jisrtv blaming the regime while @thawrat111 attributed the strikes to Russia.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child was injured in alleged Russian or regime shelling of Majdlaya on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Alleged Russian or regime shelling of Majdlaya on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @VOSyria_)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A White Helmet helping a child injured in alleged Russian or regime shelling of Majdlaya on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @farzat1711)
  • Alleged Russian or regime shelling of Majdlaya on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4394 IRS013

Incident date

September 27, 2021

Location

كفرنوران, Kafar Noran, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between three and five civilians, including a woman, were injured in alleged Russian or regime or Iranian artillery shelling and machine gun fire on the village of Kafr Noran on September 27, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, five civilians, including a woman, were wounded in mortar shelling by the Russian and regime forces on Kafr Noran.

A lower estimate of casualties was given by @zelal_abo_adnan, who identified three civilians as being injured. North Press Agency added that the wounds of the three injured civilians were of a varying severity.

Baladi New’s correspondent in the Aleppo countryside reported that homes of civilians in the village of Kafr Noran were struck with mortar shells and civil defense teams were transporting injured civilians to the nearest medical point. He added that the intense shelling had caused a state of fear and panic among many of the village’s residents.

The majority of sources attributed the attack to the regime, with a tweet from @SRoudinah2 specifically identifying regime forces stationed at surrounding checkpoints as the ones responsible for the bombardment. However, both @mzmgr941 and @thawrat111 blamed Iranian forces for the strike while Syrian Civil Defense attributed the shelling to both the regime and Russia.

Various sources identified mortars, artillery, and heavy machine guns as being part of the attack on Kafr Noran that resulted in civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Civilians injured in strikes on Kafr Noran on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @mzmgr941)
  • Mortar shelling on Kafr Noran on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @VOSyria_)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4393

Incident date

September 22, 2021

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one person was killed and others were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on Kansafra on September 22, 2021. Sources were conflicted as to whether the man killed was a militant or civilian.

According to @ShahbaPress, a civilian was killed and another was wounded in Russian airstrikes on Kansafra.

“Zaman Al-Wasl” reporter said that “two Russian Sukhoi-35 warplanes launched 8 air strikes using high-explosive missiles, targeting the vicinity of the town of “Kansafra”, south of Idlib governorate, which led to the death of one person, in addition to the raids causing extensive damage to the lands. agricultural property of civilians.”

Local sources told Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that “civilians” were injured but did not specify how many. However, they also reported that a member of Hay’at Tahrir Al-Shamwas killed in the strikes and @jamlyyyyy_identified raids as being carried out on the gatherings and headquarters of militants.

Baladi News added that the civilians were wounded to varying degrees and were transferred to medical points in the area.

All of the sources that reported on the strikes attributed them to Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • A video documenting the moment Russian warplanes targeted the vicinity of the town of Kansafra in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib, with missiles
  • Russian warplanes renewed their air strikes, this morning, Wednesday, September 22, on the areas of northwestern Syria, targeting the outskirts of the town of Kansafra, south of Idlib. Our teams inspected the targeted sites and made sure that there were no casualties. #whitehelmets
  • Image of alleged Russian raids on Kansafra on September 22, 2021. (Image posted by @dala2el)
  • Image of alleged Russian raids on Kansafra on September 22, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Image of alleged Russian raids on Kansafra on September 22, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Image of alleged Russian raids on Kansafra on September 22, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4392

Incident date

September 19, 2021

Location

الكفير, Al Kafir, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A least one civilian, a child, was killed and up to five others, including a woman, were injured in alleged regime or Russian strikes on the town of Al Kafir on September 19, 2021.

Firas Al-Khalifa, the media official of the Syrian Civil Defense in Idlib, told Al-Araby News that a 15-year-old boy was killed, and a woman was injured as a result of the Syrian regime’s artillery shelling on the town of Kafir.

Syrian Network for Human Rights published the name of the child killed: Abdul Hadi Salman.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also identified a child as being killed in the strikes but put the number of civilians injured at five. Various other sources reported that “others” were wounded or “a number” of wounded resulted from the strikes but did not identify how many.

The Syria TV correspondent said that the Syrian Civil Defense teams (White Helmets) transported the body of the child and treated the victim to the hospital for treatment, and also secured the targeted area.

The majority of sources attributed the shelling to the Syrian regime, with Nedaa Post identifying 7 rocket launchers belonging to regime forces stationed near the town of Gorin as being the source of the shelling. However, Syrian Civil Defense and @IdlibPlus referred to both Russia and the regime as being responsible and Resala Post blamed Russia.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (38) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Members of the White Helmets help victims of a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq)
  • Funeral for Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Funeral for Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Funeral for Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Funeral for Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Funeral for Abdul Hadi Salman, killed in a shelling attack on Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Shelling of the village of Al Kafir on September 19, 2021. (Image posted by @Worldarabsnews)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (38) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4391

Incident date

September 18, 2021

Location

الكندة, Al Kinda, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a man, was killed and others were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Kinda on September 6, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, one civilian was killed in Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Kinda.

Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the name of the civilian killed: Loay al Hajji. They also added that the strikes on Al Kinda seriously damaged multiple civilian homes, with @abo_aljod84 identifying the area that was bombed as being a residential neighborhood.

@anasanas84 added that Loay was out working to support his family when he was killed and a tweet from @mahmad_al_ommr identified Loay’s job as cutting firewood.

Various sources reported that others were injured in the airstrikes but did not identify how many civilians were injured.

The correspondent of “Zaman Al-Wasl” pointed out that two air raids were carried out on the center of the village of Al Kinda, resulting in casualties, while “4 other air raids targeted the outskirts of the town, which caused widespread destruction of civilian property, without causing any human casualties”.

All of the sources that reported on the airstrikes attributed them to Russia, with only Enab Baladi News referring to “joint bombing of the regime forces and Russia”. A tweet from @jisrtv identified vacuum missiles as being used in the attack while Baladi News referred to “high-explosive missiles”.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (35) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Russian air strikes since this morning, Saturday, September 18, targeted areas in the southern and western countryside of Idlib, causing the death of a civilian in the town of Al-Kanda in the western countryside.
  • White Helmets remove the body of a civilian killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the body of Loay al Hajji, killed by alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by @mhmdfaisel)
  • Loay al Hajji, killed by alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Kinda on September 18, 2021. (Image posted by @z0UdP8TRY3EZAix)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (35) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4390

Incident date

September 15, 2021

Location

بلدة الحمامة, Al Hamama town, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least three children were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Hamamah on September 15, 2021.

A tweet from @alfuratyalatiqe that three children were wounded in Russian strikes near the village of Al Hamamah and that this was the preliminary result of the attack. @anasanas84 also reported that there were wounded civilians, including children, but did not identify how many.

@Almohrar1 identified the location as being near Istanbul Alan camp and put the number of raids at seven with four warplanes in the area. All of the sources attributed the strikes to Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Strikes in the vicinity of Al-Hamamah town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]