Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3991

Incident date

December 7, 2019

Location

إبديتا, Abdita, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians including a woman and children died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Abdita, according to local media.

Many sources blamed regime barrel bombs for the civilian harm, though there were also claims that Russian conducted airstrikes.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported: “at least five civilians (four girls and a woman) were killed as Syrian regime forces helicopters dropped barrel bombs on Abdita village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3–4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Dead bodies following an alleged regime barrel bombing in Abdita, Dec 7th 2019 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3–4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3989

Incident date

December 7, 2019

Location

بلدة البارة, Al Barah, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four civilians, including one child and two women, were killed and several others wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes that coincided with Syrian regime artillery strikes in the city centre of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019, according to local sources.

Step News Agency reported that Russian raids targeted the main street in the city centre, as well as a mosque and school, while the Syrian regime simultaneously targeted the city with artillery. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that Al Rahman mosque in the suburbs of Al Barah was hit and partly destroyed by Russian airstrikes. According to the Syrian Civil Defence, the homes of civilians were targeted a well. MMC reported that a popular market was targeted.

According to Smart News Agency, a child and two women were among those killed, and another woman was wounded. According to Ahira, the fourth fatal victim was a male civilian.  The Syrian Committee for Human Rights reported that the names of the killed civilians were: Halima Muhammad Al Qashlan, Baraa Abdul Halim Al Qashlan, Fatim Hatim Al Sayyadi and Khaled Haj Hamidi.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Damage inside Al Rahman mosque in Al Bara after alleged Russian airstrikes on December 7th, 2019 (via SN4HR).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the scene of the incident after alleged Russian airstrikes in center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the scene of the incident after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the scene of the incident after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defence volunteer carrying a child victim after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3987

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

جزرايا, Jazraiya, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians – a man and his mother – died and multiple members of another family, including babies, were injured in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Jazraiya, according to local media.

@ShahbaPress reported that “a woman and a man were killed and a baby girl and four girls, all from the same family, were injured”.

According to Smart,” a man and a woman were killed and eight others wounded as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes missiles on the village of Jazraia in conjunction with being targeted by regime forces stationed in the village of Wasitah”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

  • Ghadeer Abu Jadeea 9 years old female injured
  • Waad Abu Jadeea 21 years old injured
  • Mona Abu Jadeea 19 years old female injured
  • Ghadeer Abu Jadeea 18 years old female injured
  • Heba Abu Jadeea 14 years old injured
  • Hassan Abu Jadeea Age unknown male killed
  • Ruqaya Al-Afash (mother of Hassan Abu Jadeea) Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–9
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • A wounded baby following an airstrike on Jazraya village in Aleppo, Dec 4th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • A wounded baby following an airstrike on Jazraya village in Aleppo, Dec 4th 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • A wounded baby following an airstrike on Jazraya village in Aleppo, Dec 4th 2019 (via White Helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–9
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3986

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

تل الطوقان, Tal Al Touqan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An unspecified number of civilians were wounded in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Tal Al Touqan, according to local media.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3985

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

البليصة, Al Baliysa, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Idlib Plus reported: “four men were injured in al-Balaysa village in eastern Idlib countryside, when Russian warplanes conducted an air strike by the village school, partially destroying it”.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3983

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

بزابور, Bzabour, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One child was killed and seven civilians, including five children and one woman, were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Bzabour, Idlib governorate, on December 4th, 2019, according to local sources.

The director of the media office of the Civil Defence in Jericho said in a statement to Smart News Agency that a girl was killed and seven civilians were injured as a result of “as a result of Syrian regime helicopters dropping two explosive barrels on a house in the village of Bzabou”.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, the airstrike targeted a boys school and killed the girl Fatima Qutaiba al Aasi. The airstrike partially destroyed the school’s building and damaging its furniture. Other sources say the airstrike targeted a family home.

The Syrian Civil Defence posted on Facebook that their teams had rescued seven civilians, including five children, from underneath the rubble.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Bzabour, Idlib governorate, on December 4th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Bzabour, Idlib governorate, on December 4th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defence volunteer helping a child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Bzabour, Idlib governorate, on December 4th, 2019 (via @IdlibPlus).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Bzabour, Idlib governorate, on December 4th, 2019 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defence volunteers rescuing children from underneath the rubble after an alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrike on the town of Bzabour on December 4th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers rescuing children from underneath the rubble after an alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrike on the town of Bzabour on December 4th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3982

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One person reportedly died and civilians were wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on December 4th, 2019. It is unclear whether the killed person was a civilian or combatant.

Shaam News Network reported “one martyr” in Kafar Nabil due to violent Russian and Syrian regime air raids. @ShahbaPress reported that civilians were wounded, but pointed to Syrian helicopters as the belligerent.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3984

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

حاس, Hass, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Idlib Plus said that a man was injured in an alleged Russian airstrike on Hass.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]