Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS1307

Incident date

September 22, 2016

Location

حي خان العسل, Khan Al Assal (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.169667, 37.040255 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A 44-year-old woman, was killed by warplanes striking the town of Khan al Assal, west of Aleppo, local reports claimed – though sources were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

@ShahbaPress tweeted that “Russian occupation aircraft bombed the town of Kafr Dael phosphorus, rockets and Khan Al Assal town of Khan in the countryside west of Aleppo.” ArabsToday said two children were wounded as well.

However, other sources claimed the aircraft was the regime’s. @LCCSY tweeted that Assad’s helicopters dropped barrel bombs on the site. Baladi and Step both confirmed that barrel bombs were used, but did not say what aircraft were involved.

@SyrianArwad suggested the site bombed was a power plant.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Fatima Taha Za’rur 44 years old female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The contested airstrikes on Khan Al Assal, Aleppo reportedly also included cluster bombs (via Baladi News Network)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1079

Incident date

August 1, 2016

Location

خان الشيح‬, Khan al Sheikh, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.373059, 36.112682 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were killed and dozens more wounded in alleged Russian or regime airstrikes on Khan al Sheikh, local media reported.

According to Halab Today, four civilians from one family were martyred following Russian air strikes targeting Khan al Sheikh camp for Palestinian refugees in the western Damascus countryside.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights also reported on the incident, but blamed the Syrian regime. The Network said that “5 victims including 3 children and a woman died in government warplanes missiles fired on Khan Al Sheih Camp in Damascus suburbs, August 1, 2016.” A later post by SN4HR said that four victims from one family died.

According to @DamasCoordinate, “artillery shells fell on the West Side and the centre of the camp”. Baladi blamed regime artillery.

A number of other sources said that “explosive barrels” and rockets had been fired.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Mohmad Assad Adult male named by Yarmouk63 killed
  • Wife of Mohmad Assad Adult female named by Yarmouk63 killed
  • Child of Mohmad Assad 1 named by Yarmouk63 killed
  • Child of Mohmad Assad 2 named by Yarmouk63 killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (2–3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Hiasham Yahya Shihabi, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, actgrouppal)
  • Image showing some of the damage caused. (via, SyrianPC)
  • Image showing some of the damage caused. (via, LCCSY)
  • Image showing some of the damage caused. (via, Abarah Press)
  • Image showing some of the damage caused. (via, Jisir TV)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 1st – 10th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (2–3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1324

Incident date

September 23, 2016

Location

بشقاتين, Bishqatin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.2036137, 36.9954354 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least sixteen civilians from two families were killed, and “dozens” more wounded in airstrikes on the village of Bishqatin, located in the countryside west of Aleppo, according to local media. The majority of sources blamed Russia, though one report by the Syrian Network for Human Rights mentioned Syrian regime involvement.

Jaafr M Deen 01Halab News’ list of martyrs for the strike numbered 16 casualties, most of which matched the names on the @Syriamubasher list.

Sky News Arabia corroborated these reports, stating, “the air strikes on Bishqatin resulted in the death of “a man and his wife and child and a woman and five of her children and another woman and her five children.”

Alghad News also referred to the death of 12 individuals from one family. These reports, and the names of the dead, suggest that the two families were related.

Other news outlets put the number of dead higher. @baladinetwork tweeted that 16 in total were killed, and posted several pictures of local workers using a bulldozer to sift through the rubble.

Zamanalwasl News put the death toll still higher at 17. @Shahbapress tweeted that the strikes “martyred 19 civilians, including women and children, and injured about 30 others.”

According to Eldorar News, “the air strikes targeted a house which consisted of two floors with displaced families.”

The White Helmets posted a video to YouTube in which three children are pulled, alive but bloodied, out of the rubble. A fourth body, which looks to be of a prepubescent boy, is retrieved dead and wrapped in a carpet.

While most sources blamed Russia for this event, the Syrian Network for Human Rights attributed it to “government warplanes” and “allies”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (11)

  • Aliaa Omar Ali Child killed
  • Mohammed Omar Ali Child killed
  • Alia Ali Ali Child killed
  • Mariam Omar Ali Child killed
  • Maram Omar al Ali Child killed
  • Hassan Omar Ali Child killed
  • Omar Ali Maram Child killed
  • Mohammed Ali Al-Ali Child killed
  • The mother - Fatima Ahmed Ammuna Adult female killed
  • Marwa Ali Ali Child killed
  • Rola Ali Ali Child killed

Family members (4)

  • Mohammed Hussein Ibn Hussein Age unknown male killed
  • Omar Hussein Mohammed Hussein Ali 11 months years old killed
  • Hussein Mohammed Hussein Ali 34 years old male killed
  • Rima Omar El Haaj Omar Adult female killed
  • Kifaa Abdulaziz Mustafa Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16 – 21
  • (11 children2–3 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • The White Helmets work through the rubble in Bishqatin - the impact of alleged Russian warplane shelling, Sept 23rd (Youtube via AMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians pulled from under the rubble in Bishqatin by The White Helmet rescue team. The aftermath of suspected Russian airstrikes, Sept 23rd(Youtube via Thiqa)
  • A reporter at the scene in Bishqatin following alleged Russian airstrikes, Sept 23rd (Youtube via Jaafr M Deen 01)
  • Rubble and destruction on the streets of Bishqatin, Sept 23rd (via @AleppoAMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very distressing images of child victims of alleged Russian warplane shelling in Bishqatin, Sept 23rd (via @salqin)
  • Photographs of The White Helmet resuce mission in Bishqatin (via @baladinetwork)
  • Members of The White Helmets search for victims of alleged Russian warplane massacre in Bishqatin (via @RevolutionSyria)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The White Helmets pull multiple child victims from underneath a destroyed building in Bishqatin, Sept 23rd (via The White Helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16 – 21
  • (11 children2–3 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1113

Incident date

August 9, 2016

Location

Mheimidiya, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.44294, 40.08619 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between 15 and 30 civilians were killed, including three children and four women, and between 20 to 40 wounded – some critically – by an aerial bombardment of the town of Mahimideh, local media reported. The majority of sources attributed the event to the Assad regime.

However, four airstrikes were conducted by planes that were identified by Qasioun and @Shahed_alep as belonging to Russian forces.But the Syrian Network for Human Rights, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, and and Arabstoday were among the many sources that blamed the regime.

The strikes reportedly airstrikes hit civilian homes, Shahatha Hebron School, a grocery store, and agricultural land.

The Violations Documentation Center blamed “Syrian government and affiliated militias” for the death of 15 civilians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 30
  • (3 children4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • The exact moment the raid hit. (via, Arabstoday)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man receives medical treatment. (via, Rozana News)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 1st – 10th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 30
  • (3 children4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1347

Incident date

September 25, 2016

Location

الزبدية, al Zabadia, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.1873081, 37.1341324 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between two and five civilians died in the Al Zabadia neighbourhood of Aleppo. While most sources blamed Russia, there was also an allegation against the Syrian regime.

LCCSY reported: “Two martyrs and ten wounded were reported as Russian warplanes carried out cluster bomb attacks on the Zabadia neighborhood.”

Syrian Press Center reported a higher death toll, referring to “massacre in the Zabadia neighborhood by a Russian plane, killing 5 people.”

But the Syrian Human Rights Committee said that “three people were killed by rocket-propelled grenades fired at the neighborhood.” It didn’t identify the culprit.

According to Alsouria, “”the fighters and helicopters of the Syrian regime and Russian aircraft, bombed throughout the day both neighborhoods of Halk, Bustan Al Basha, and Ard Al Hamra, and Tareeq Al Baab, and Al Moyesser, and the Al Mashhad, and the Al Saleheen, and Al Zabdaia, and Katraji, and Ansari.”

Additionally, the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported “bombing of the regime military aircraft and his allies”, resulting in three civilian fatalities.

Halab News said that the victims couldn’t be identified so far.

Several sources also reported the use of phosphorus bombs.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1376 CS320

Incident date

September 30, 2016

Location

الشحيل, Al Shaheel, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.0865, 40.45232 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two or three children and an elderly woman died in an airstrike on a primary school at al Shaheel, according to local media – though reports were conflicted as to whether this was the work of the Syrian regime, Russia or the US-led Coalition.

Deir Ezzor 24, the Syrian Observatory and Euphrates Post reported only that unspecified warplanes had carried out the attack. The pro-regime site Al Ahed News instead said Assad’s forces had carried out the attack – as did Step News, Smart News, Syrian Press Center, and the Syrian Network (which said the attack was on a primary school.)

Masar Press and Deir Ezzor 24 instead blamed the Coalition.

In the most detailed report Syria News Desk – which blamed Russia – noted: “Media opposition activist Abu Wassim al-Dairi, quoting civilian sources said that ‘the air force targeted with two raids a secondary School in Al Shaheel which shelters displaced people from the village of Almrieih which is adjacent to the military airport at Deir Ezzor. The attack killed two children and an elderly woman and a man, and injured four others, all from one family. The bombing resulted in the destruction of the school building and extensive damage to nearby houses.”

In their May 2020 civilian casualty report, the US-led Coalition assessed reports that they were responsible for civilian harm in this strike as “non-credible”, stating that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area at that time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Franjiya Mhaissan al Nahar Adult female the wife of the late Ali Al Ahmad Abu Hassan killed
  • Malak Barhan Adel al Mushref Child female killed
  • Sulaf Mohammad Karbit Child female The four victims were all internally displaced from nearby Deir Ezzor city. They were named by Euphrates Post. killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (2–3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Malak Barhan Adel al Mushref, killed in alleged Russian, Syrian regime and Coalition raid on Al Shaheel, 30th September 2016. (via Euphrates Post)
  • Image showing the aftermath of the alleged Russian, Syrian regime and Coalition raid on Al Shaheel, 30th September 2016. (via DeirEzzor24)
  • Image showing the aftermath of the alleged Russian, Syrian regime and Coalition raid on Al Shaheel, 30th September 2016. (via DeirEzzor24)
  • Image of the alleged location which was targeted by the Russian, Syrian regime and Coalition raid on Al Shaheel, 30th September 2016. (via DeirEzzor24)
  • A mother and her three children reported killed in alleged regime shelling on a primary school in Al Shaheel. [Via: SN4HR 30th September 2016]
  • Euphrates post names three of the victims killed in warplane shelling on al Shaheel. 30th September 2016
  • Four civilians reported killed following alleged coalition strikes on al Shaheel. [Via: Masar Press 30th September 2016]
  • DE24 reports that four civilians from a displaced family were killed in the air raids that targeted al Shaheel. 30th September 2016
  • DE24 tweets photos of the aftermath of the raids on al Shaheel. 30th September 2016

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU323836
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 1, 2020
  • Sept. 30, 2016, in Al Shaheel, Syria via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 3056/CS320 37SFU323836

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Coalition strike reports mentions strike in the province of Deir Ezzor without mentioning the village in name.
"On Sept. 30, coalition military forces conducted 23 strikes against ISIL terrorists in Syria and Iraq. In Syria, coalition military forces conducted 12 strikes using attack, fighter, and remotely piloted aircraft against ISIL targets. Near Abu Kamal, three strikes destroyed six oil tanker trucks, two vehicles, and an oil pump jack and damaged a vehicle and another oil tanker truck. Near Dayr Az Zawr, one strike destroyed 24 oil tanker trucks and two oil well heads."

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (2–3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1145

Incident date

August 13, 2016

Location

تفتناز, Taftanez, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.9976603, 36.7856598 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians including women and a child died and as many as 12 more were wounded in an airstrike on Taftanaz, according to local media – though reports were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the regime.

RFS Media Office reported: “Russian aviation has committed a second massacre claiming the lives of four martyrs injuring 12 more in the town of Taftanaz In the countryside Idlib. Forces carried out shelling with missiles and cluster bombs”.

LCCSY said that three women and a girl died in the attack, while Al Jazeera put the death toll as high as seven, also blaming Russia. The lowest death count was given by @EdlibEmc: two killed and 10 more wounded.

One source, the Syrian Network for Human Rights, attributed the event to the regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (1 child3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Al Jazeera reporting on the alleged Russian an Syrian raid in Taftanez. (via, Al Jazeera Arabic)
  • Aftermath of the incident. (via SyrianPC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 12th – 13th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (1 child3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS442 RS1829

Incident date

January 12, 2017

Location

شارع تل أبيض, Tal abyad Street, Ar Raqqa, Raqqa, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9505639, 39.0094148 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were killed – including a girl and a man – and others were wounded, following an airstrike on a bakery and a falafel restaurant in Raqqa, according to local sources. Sources were conflicted regarding who was to blame, some blaming the US led Coalition, and others blaming Russian warplanes. The Coalition later denied responsibility.

According to Raqqa 24,Coalition planes targeted al Andalus bakery as well as the area behind al Rawda restaurant in al Majma’ street”. Baladi also attributed the incident to the Coalition. Additionally, Al Haal reported that “planes thought to belong to the coalition bombs a bakery and a restaurant in Raqqa.”

According to a source the bakery was rendered inoperable.

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently reported that “warplanes” – it didn’t identify them – carried out raids at midnight striking the following locations in Raqqa: Al Amir restaurant opposite the Health Care building, and Al Andalus bakery on Tal Abiyad street. It said two civilians died in the raid on the bakery including a child and a bakery worker.

Many sources also claimed that residential buildings were destroyed in the raid.

The man who died was allegedly a baker who worked at Al Andalus bakery. It is worth noting that the man died on the 15th due to wounds sustained in an airstrike. Although the reporting does not mention where he sustained wounds, Airwars researchers and assessors have determined as he was from Palmyra (the same town as the other victim) and there were few other strikes in the vicinity at this time, he was wounded in the attack on the bakery.

One source reported that members of Daesh were allegedly injured in the raid.

In a video interviewing civilians from Raqqa, one man says “this is the crusader planes.. Look what he’s done.. They’ve destroyed buildings, they’re destroying people, they’re destroying Muslims. We here are Muslims. They have struck a whole building.” Another says “they’re hitting a bakery. This is people’s livelihood”. According to Airwars researchers this is an ISIS propaganda video.

On March 4th – in a reference to this event – the Coalition reported: “Jan. 12, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via NGO report: After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted on that day in the geographic area of the reported civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Rimas Mohammad Mraweh Child female killed
  • Mahmoud Al Othman al Wajeeh  Age unknown male From Palmyra, Homs killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Rimas Mohammad Mirwah, aged three, killed in an airstrike on a bakery in Raqqa, Jan12/13th. Sources blamed both the Coalition and Russia (via RBSS)
  • Rimas Mohamad Abdullah Merwah (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via RBSS)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Mar 4, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted on that day in the geographic area of the reported civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For January 12th-13th the Coalition reported: “Near Ar Raqqah, 11 strikes engaged an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed 30 oil refinement stills, six fighting positions, three oil tanker trailers, an ISIL headquarters, a weapons cache and an oil well headand”.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]