Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS778

Incident date

April 28, 2016

Location

جب القبة, Jib al Qiba (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.196949, 37.166987 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In a summary of Russian raids carried out on April 28th in Jibb al Qibba, LCCSY said a Russian raid had left people dead and wounded but did not give numbers

In a tweet by Maheralhaj425 it was also reported that 6 people died in Jibb al Qibba, although it was not clear who carried out the raids. However, SPC news blamed the regime. It put the death toll at 6, reporting that another 12 people were wounded. Al-Qurum Media Institution also blamed the regime, and said that seven people died.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 7
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russian position: The Kremlin has issued no public accounts of airstrikes in Syria from April 1st – 30th.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 7
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS811

Incident date

May 27, 2016

Location

اللطامنة, Ltamenah, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3219885, 36.6234398 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to LCCSY, “Russian warplanes launched two air rocket cluster bombs on agricultural land in Ltamenah in the northern countryside of Hama.” They said that some farmers had been injured, but provided no further details. Qasioun also blamed Russia.

Syrian PC News and All4Syria News (which blamed ‘regime artillery shelling’) reported that there were two civilians killed in the strikes on the farmland. Husband and wife, Ahmad Khaled Al-Mustafa aged 41 and Nuha Ibrahim Al-Mustafa aged 30 were named as victims. In a separate report also from Syrian PC, an unnamed female child was also reported killed in the warplane shelling.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Ahmad Khaled Al-Mustafa
41 years years old male killed
Nuha Ibrahim Al-Mustafa
30 years years old female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Title: Artillery shelling and missile attack on the village of Latamina in the northern suburb of Hama 28-05-2016 (via Mahmood Al-Hamwi)

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Unknown

Russia has not reported any strikes between May 1st – 31st

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS844

Incident date

June 3, 2016

Location

كفر حمرة, Kafr Hamra, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.255362, 37.087714 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between one and five civilians died in an air or artillery strike on Kafr Hamra, according to local sources – though reports are conflicted as to whether Russia or the Syrian regime were to blame.

The Shaam News Network, reported on alleged Russian raids with warplanes and helicopters across Aleppo and its surrounding countryside. It said that this coincided with “violent artillery shelling“, killing five civilians in the Kafr Hamra neighborhood.

Orient news also blamed Russia, putting the death toll at one.

According to Alaraby, a “warplane thought to be Russian launched missile on kafr Hamra and killed a civilian and injured seven.”

Baladi put the death toll at five killed and said that buildings were also destroyed in the alleged Russian strike.

However, according Alamawi, regime warplanes were responsible, for carrying out raids in “Andan and Kafr Hamra, English Qabir Al Englizee in rural North of Aleppo.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Abd al Wadoud Hanno
Age unknown male His name was released as part of a list of victims 20 days after the attack on Kafr Hamra. The video alleged he died on June 3rd, following Russian action. killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Video from June 23rd, in which a civilian named Abd al Wadoud Hanno is listed killed 20 days ago. At 1:47. (Youtube by HalabToday)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between June 1st – 31st 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS876

Incident date

June 8, 2016

Location

حي الصالحين, Salheen (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.1807701, 37.167263 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including one woman died and six others were injured in an airstrike on Salheen, according to local sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether this was an attack by Russia or the Syrian regime.

According to an initial report by LCCSY, three civilians including a woman were killed and several others injured in Russian strikes on Salheen.

However, in a second report, the source didn’t identify the “warplanes” which they said conducted the strikes.

The Shaam News Network reported that “Russian warplanes continue to commit massacres against the people of Aleppo”, putting the death toll in Salheen at three with a “large number” of others wounded.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and other sources also mentioned raids by warplanes on Salheen, but did not identify them.

According to TRT, Russia and the regime shelled Salheen. It published an image of a wounded man.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • "One of the wounded in Russian and regime shelling on Salheen today" (Tweet by @TRTArabi)
  • Medical workers treat the wounded following shells on Salheen (Youtube by AMC)
  • A building is destroyed in Al Salheen after alleged strikes (Youtube by Ahmad Aboalmagd)
  • "Russian warplanes continue to committed massacres against the residents of Aleppo. Three martyrs and a large number of wounded in al Salheen this morning" (Video via SNN Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between June 1st – 31st 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS908

Incident date

June 16, 2016

Location

Castello Road, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.25784, 37.15199 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Syrian news desk reported that three civilians were killed in an overnight offensive on Castello Road. The people killed were travelling down this road in a car, according to this source and others.

The Syrian news desk reported that  victims had been unable to evacuate the area during the daytime ‘due to regime troops stationed in the Sheikh Yusuf hill and snipers of the Syrian Democratic Forces on the Maksoud neighborhood road that connects the areas controlled by the opposition in the city of Aleppo neighborhoods Brifa”.

Ailwaa News attributed the attacks to the regime, as did Smart News, who reported that two women were also wounded during this shelling.

The majority of sources suggest this attack was by regime helicopters, though some blamed artillery.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Syrian Regime

Russia has not reported any strikes between June 1st – 31st 2016.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS942

Incident date

June 26, 2016

Location

الزربة, Az Zarbah, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.06763, 36.97987 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that an airstrike on the town of al-Zirba killed one civilian, and wounded several others, though it is currently unclear whether this was the work of Russia or the Syrian regime.

Both Halab News Network (HNN), Thiqa News Agency and Halab news identified the victim by name, and many media, such as the Baladi Network and Shahba Press, referenced “the dead and several wounded”.

It was contested who carried out the strike, as al-Baladi News attributed it to the Assad regime, while according to LCCSY, HNN, Shahba Press and al-Masry al-Youm it was the work of Russia.

Syria-News, HNN and al-Baladi reported the use of “indiscriminate” vacuum bombs and “unlawful” cluster munitions.

A number of sources did not identify the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Abd al Razzaq Hussein al Khatib
Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between June 1st – 31st 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS974

Incident date

July 8, 2016

Location

دركوش, Darkoush, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.9916361, 36.3938856 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Twenty six named civilians including a child and eight women died and up to 70 more were wounded in an airstrike on a residential neighbourhood and popular market in Darkoush, according to local media – though sources were conflicted as to whether Russia or the Syrian regime were to blame. The strike reportedly took place at midday on July 8th.

Sources disputed claims over the aircraft used in this attack. Alan TV and Syrian PC reported that Russian warships and missiles were used. Ara News claims that missiles were fired from warships and warplanes followed with shelling. Both DW News and BBC Arabic reported shelling by warplanes.

Syrian Network for Human rights claimed that both Russian and Assad regime warplanes were responsible for the damage, whereas Syrian Newsdesk blamed only Russia.

Halab Today reported sighting the use of “long ranging missiles”.

Numerous sources reported the names of the dead which included a list compiled by Darkoush Hospital where the majority of the casualties and wounded civilians went.

A further 35-70 people were wounded in the airstrike. Syrian Newsdesk reported that the numbers of wounded were so high that “medical points in neighbouring areas asked people to donate blood”.

According to Shaam News Network, Assad regime warplanes did not only target Darkoush, but on the same day “targeted Kfrcharim city in the north-west of Idlib, which resulted in the fall of martyrs and wounded a number of civilians.”

Sambo1982ksa put the death toll as high as 30, and also blamed Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Hasna’a Shikh Mohammed
Age unknown female from Armanaz killed
Mahmood Khudro Mohammed
Age unknown male from Armanaz killed

Family members (2)

Asama’a Zanbakli
Age unknown female from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed
Afra’a Zanbakli
Age unknown female from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed

Family members (3)

Ahmad ABdullah Sha’rawi
Age unknown male from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed
Mohammed Sha’rawi
Age unknown male from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed
Ibrahim Sha’rawi
Age unknown male from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed

The victims were named as:

Ameen Umran
Age unknown male from Darkoush killed
Abdullah Hashmo
Age unknown male from Ariha killed
Youssef Jamal Al-Deen
Age unknown male from Darkoush killed
Salwa Al-Sharawi
Age unknown female from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed
Maram Milshoo
Age unknown female from Maarat Al-Nu'man killed
Adeela Ma’tooq
Age unknown female from Ariha killed
Manal Sha’ar
Age unknown female from Idlib killed
Ali Al-Ali Al-Mutalak
Age unknown male from Aleppo, Al-Ees killed
Ahmad Al-shkih Taha
Age unknown male from Idlib killed
Khaled Basha
Age unknown male from Idlib killed
Mohammed Hassan
Age unknown male from Kafr Nabilm killed
Abdullah Ibrahim Fayez Safureya
Age unknown male from Darkoush killed
Qamar Al-Basha
Age unknown female from Idlib killed
Abdul-Aziz Bushnaq
Age unknown male from Hraytan killed
Abdullah Fayez Mohammed
Age unknown male killed
Fawzy Haitham Al-Kurdi
Age unknown male from Maarat Al Nu'man killed
Abdul-Salam Dawood
Age unknown male killed
Fatima Abdallah Sha’arawi
Age unknown female killed
Lina Milsho
3 months years old female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    26 – 30
  • (1 child8 women15 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • The damage caused to the residential buildings in Darkoush, 8th July 2016. (via Syria Live Network tweet).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A tweet showing graphic images of victims, the source alleged Assad responsible (via @7aneen_alwajih)
  • Footage of the destruction in Darkoush after alleged airstrikes, the source alleged Russia responsible (Youtube via Alan TV)
  • A vehicle ablaze in Darkoush after strikes launched from suspected Russian warship (via Syrianpc)
  • Civilians tend to victims stuck under the rubble, after alleged Russian strikes launched from warships (via Ara news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The Civil Defense use a digger to remove victims from a destroyed building in Darkoush (via BBC Arabic)
  • Vehicles and buildings in flames following alleged airstrikes on Darkoush (via DW news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The youngest civilian killed in the alleged strikes, Lian Milsho, three months old (via Eithad press)
  • Distressing footage of victims and wounded following suspected Russian or Regime attacks on Darkoush (Youtube via Baladi News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilian children in Darkoush, the aftermath of suspected attack from Russian warship (via syriahr)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian child under medical supervision following alleged airstrikes (via Smart)
  • Material destruction, the aftermath of alleged warship missiles (tweet by @Syriamubasher)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilians, including children, after suspected Russian strikes on Darkoush (tweet by @mozahim7171)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian child wounded by suspected Russian strikes (Tweet by @123Rania123) [Page no longer available - accessed via Airwars archive]
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian child covered in bandages, the aftermath of suspected Russian attacks on Darkoush (Tweet by @123Ranis123) [Page no longer available - accessed via Airwars archive]
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    People look after the wounded after a market in Darkoush was allegedly struck by Russian missiles (via @Sambo1982 ksa)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A market struck by Russia in rural Idlib, resulting in significant civilian harm (Tweet via @sambo1982ksa)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic images of civilian children killed and wounded in Darkoush (Tweet by @darkosh11)
  • A medic attempts to resuscitate one of the wounded in Darkoush (Tweet by @Alwasakuwait)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured and killed in the streets of Darkoush after suspected Russian attacks (Tweet by @7aneen_alwajih)
  • The names of those injured and killed in Darkoush, listed by the local hospital (Tweet by @sayedissa00)
  • Material destruction after alleged rocket strike in Darkoush (Youtube by Gift of the Givers Foundation)
  • Further material destruction in buildings in Darkoush (Youtube via Gift of the Givers Foundation)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of severely wounded civilians in Darkoush (Youtube via Gift of the Givers Foundation)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between July 1st – 14th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    26 – 30
  • (1 child8 women15 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1006

Incident date

July 14, 2016

Location

البوليل, Al Buliyal, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.20253, 40.37126 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to sources, an entire family of seven was killed overnight in their home in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Bulial. However some reports allege the death toll to be as high as ten. Several reports said that “the warplanes targeted the Ayed Al-Jaloud house in Ruwayda neighbourhood east of the city.”

Qasioun News blamed Russia for the airstrike, as died LCCSY.

However, the Syrian Network for Human Rights attributed the event to the Assad regime for the shelling on the neighbourhood.

Qasioun News noted that “there was been no media coverage on what is going on in the area because the city is under IS control”. It claimed that more than 20 civilians were wounded.

Other sources reported that six members of the same family were killed immediately with the first missile, and that the father died later from wounds following a leg amputation. Syrian News puts the death toll as high as 10, while the Facebook page of Deir Ezzor is Being Silently Slaughtered said that 11 people perished.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that the injuries were so critical that the death toll was expected to rise. Another source claimed that many were transported to a field hospital because of their critical injures.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Ayed Al Jaloud
Age unknown killed
Shahad Abdulsalam al Ayed al Jalloud
Age unknown killed
Khaled al Aydid al Jalloud
male killed
Sham Abdulsalam al Ayed al Jalloud 
Age unknown killed
Muhammad Faraj al Ayed al Jalloud
Age unknown male killed

The victims were named as:

Samar Al-Salameh
Age unknown killed
Rowayda Al-hamad
Age unknown killed
Iman Al-Suleiman
Age unknown male killed
Tirfah Hassan al Shuheili
Age unknown killed
Ahmed al Saleh
Age unknown male killed
Another unidentified body
Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (2–3 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A street in Bulial, civilians attempt to put out fires caused by alleged Russian warplanes (via Qasioun)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between July 1st – 14th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (2–3 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (10) [ collapse]