Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS134

Incident date

November 8, 2015

Location

تدمر, Palmyra, Homs, Syria

Geolocation

34.5655244, 38.2873535 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

According to The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, at least one civilian was killed and 10 injured, in dozens of alleged airstrikes by Russian warplanes. The Observatory said it expected the death toll to rise, as some people were left in a critical condition. A victim was later named by the VDC.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that Russian warplanes shelled the middle of the neighbourhood with several rockets, which as well as killing one non-combatant destroyed two houses.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia confirms in its report covering November 6th-9th 2015 carrying out strikes in Homs governorate.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS747

Incident date

April 7, 2016

Location

دير الزور, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.3353632, 40.1380348 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Three civilians died in an alleged Russian airstrike in Deir ez-Zor, according to local sources.

Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently reported that three civilians died when “Russian planes targeted al Sina’a, Huwaija Sakr and the area around the military airport with more than 15 raids since the morning after an attack was carried out by Daesh.” Baladi News also reported that “three civilians were killed on Thursday, a result of the Russian aviation targeting al Halabiya roundabout in al Salhiya area on the outskirts of the city of Deir Ezzor. According to local media sources, the warplanes launched air raids on al Sina’a neighborhood in Deir Ezzor, and Hawijah Akr area and the area around the military airport in the countryside of the province.” Tweets by Omawi and SRG also blamed Russia.

A further source, Step News, also said that warplanes launched raids on the perimeter of a military airport – but didn’t identify the planes or provide casualty figures. Shaam News Network did not specify that these were solely Russian strikes, saying that regime and Russian warplanes carried out raids “on the clash points in the area surrounding the airport, Huwaija Sakr, Al Sina’a neighbourhood and Al Halabiya roundabout which led to the martyrdom of several civilians.”

Alamawi reported that a number of people were wounded following shelling by so-called Isl;amic State on “on Al-Kussur“.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Victim of the contested airstrikes in Deir ex-Zour, Khuder Mohammad al-Assawad (via VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin has issued no public accounts of airstrikes in Syria from April 1st – 30th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS757

Incident date

April 16, 2016

Location

الفردوس, Al Fardous (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.180995, 37.151892 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Multiple sources reported that up to 16 people died in airstrikes in Aleppo city. While some blamed Russia, others said the regime or armed rebel groups were responsible.

LCCSY said one man was killed and five injured after Russian planes targeted the neighborhood with two dawn raids. Q0wyy also blamed Russia and reported that “Russian warplanes killed seven civilians and injured dozens.”

Shaam News Network also said that one person died and others were injured (no number provided) in airstrikes, but did not say who carried them out.

AlAlamnews reported that the “shelling from armed groups” led to the death of four people.

Alelam1 also blamed “armed groups” and put the death toll at 4, adding that they were “from the same family”. Aleppo Net News said three people were killed, and others wounded by a “hell canon” (a home-made mortar.)

However, Syria Mirror blamed the regime for the launching of “two missiles,” leading to the death of four people, among them women and children, and wounding others.

Two other sources – Arabic Spuntiknews (pro-regime) and Ara news – reported deaths of Syrian soldiers and opposition groups – but did not mention civilian casualties.

Besides from the eight identified victims below, another eight bodies found in Al-Mashhad neighbourhood, Aleppo, could not be identified.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 16
  • (7 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Airstrikes targeting Al-basha neighborhood in Aleppo (via Zakaria Nassani tweet)
  • Aftermath of the strikes targeting civilian areas in Aleppo (via Q0wyy tweet)
  • Civilian who was saved from under the rubbles in Al-Mashhad, Aleppo (via Muhandakateeb tweet)
  • Rescuing team searching for survivors following the strikes (via Muhandakateeb tweet)
  • Rescuing team searching for survivors following the strikes (via Muhandakateeb tweet)
  • Aftermath of the strikes targeting Aleppo (via Muhandakateeb tweet)
  • Aftermath of the strikes targeting Aleppo (via Muhandakateeb tweet)
  • Aftermath of the strikes targeting Aleppo (via Muhandakateeb tweet)
  • Aftermath of the strikes targeting Aleppo (via Muhandakateeb tweet)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin has issued no public accounts of airstrikes in Syria from April 1st – 30th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 16
  • (7 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS281

Incident date

December 15, 2015

Location

الفردوس, Al Fardous (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.180995, 37.151892 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four civilians including two children were killed in airstrikes on the Fardous neighbourhood, Aleppo, according to multiple sources – though it is unclear whether regime or Russian warplanes were responsible for the attacks.

The Shaam News Network reported that three non-combatants were killed in Russian airstrikes.

But the White Helmets suggested that the Assad regime may have been responsible, stating:The crimes of Assad’s army continue and Al Ferdos neighbourhood in Aleppo has received its share of strikes this afternoon.

The Violations Documentation Centre listed four victims as killed in Russian airforce shelling including 3 unidentified:

Unidentified 1 – child, male

Unidentified 2 – adult, female

Unidentified – adult, female

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The White Helmets place the body of a wounded person in an ambulance following airstrike on the Al Ferdos neighbourhood, December 15th. (via White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilians, including children, are lifted out of the rubble. (via, SNN)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

For December 15th-16th 2015, Russia reported that “In the course of the last 24 hours, aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 59 combat sorties engaging 212 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Hasakah and Raqqah provinces… In the Aleppo province, a Su-24 bomber made a strike on an ISIS concentration of manpower and military hardware. Objective monitoring data confirmed elimination of not less than 10 militants and 3 automobile vehicles with large-caliber machine guns.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS174

Incident date

November 20, 2015

Location

البوليل, Al Buliyal, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.20253, 40.37126 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Seven civilians including two women and one child were reported killed in an airstrike on Al Buliyal.

While most sources blamed Russia, the Damascus Centre said that both regime attacks and Russian aircraft were responsible.

VDC later named five victims.

An additional male civilian fatality, the husband of Amira Muheisen al-Elkeh, has been died. Moreover, another girl by also named reportedly died.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (1 child2 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The second news summary 21/11/2015 (via Al - Jisr Satellite Channel TV)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia reported that “On November 20, the ships of the Caspian flotilla performed launches of 18 cruise missiles against 7 targets in the Raqqah, Idlib and Aleppo provinces. All the aims were hit.” It added that “29 aircraft of long-range and bomber aviation made strikes from the zone of the Caspian Sea,” though gave no details of the areas targeted.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (1 child2 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS312

Incident date

December 24, 2015

Location

عربين, Arbeen, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.538143, 36.364331 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Eight civilians including three children were killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Erbeen, according to the Violations Documentation Center.

The White Helmets published a number of videos showing them attending the scene, fighting a fire and rescuing an injured person from under the rubble.

One unidentified victim was also accounted for:

Unidentified – adult, male

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children4 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Hassan Usama Ataya, killed by an alleged Russian raid. (via. VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Provided by the VDC of Bushra Ahmad Ataya, killed by an alleged Russian raid. (via. VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image provided by the VDC of Fatme Aadel al-Naem, killed by an alleged Russian raid. (via. VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Rabea Basheer al-Hashash, killed by an alleged Russian raid. (via. VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Yara al-Hasan, female child, killed by an alleged Russian raid. (via. VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

There were no published Russian reports for strikes in Syria on December 24th-25th 2016.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children4 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS328

Incident date

December 28, 2015

Location

تل رفعت, Tall Rif`at, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.472576, 37.096272 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Up to 20 civilians, including two women and six children, were killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on the neighbourhoods of Tel Rifa’at in the northern countryside of Aleppo, according to multiple sources.

The Shaam News Network initially reported that three non-combatants were killed and other injured but later put the death toll at more than 20, stating that most of the victims were women and children, including unidentified displaced people from outside the city, killed in four strikes by Russian warplanes on civilian homes. The Network posted a distressing video and images depicting child victims being treated in a medical facility.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights also posted images of children wounded in the attack and reported on the incident, putting the death toll at at least nine, including one child. They subsequently reported that one woman, Mrs. Maha Abdullah Al Najar, age 34, was also killed.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (6 children2 women10 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child writhes in agony following alleged airstrike on Tal Rifa'at, December 28th. (via, SNN)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian raid. (via, SNN)
  • Moments after the airstrike hit the neighbourhood. (via, Tal Rifa’at Station)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured or deceased child on the floor. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Upsetting footage of injure children being treated in a medical facility in Tal Rif'at. (via, SNN
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilians being rescued by the White Helmets from inside a building. (via, Aleppo News Centre)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

For December 25th-28th, Russia has reported that “In the course of three days, since December 25, the Russian aviation group has performed 164 combat sorties engaging 556 terrorists’ objects located in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor and Raqqah provinces.”

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (6 children2 women10 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS345

Incident date

January 6, 2016

Location

تل فضة, Tal Fedda, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.00096, 37.91608 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One teenage boy, Ali Mosa Shawakh, was killed in an alleged Russian airstrike at Tal Fedda village near Maskanah, according to the Violations Documentation Center.

According to Al Buraq, the attack targeted “the Alamabagher sugar plant compound near Maskanah which led to the death of several people and the wounding of others, including a martyr, Ali Musa Ahawakh aged 15 years.”

Halab Today said the child’s mother and brother were also injured in the attack.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A news bulletin documenting the raids on Tal Fedda. (via, Al Jisir TV)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Aleppo governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]