Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS705

Incident date

March 3, 2016

Location

حلب, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.19949, 37.134479 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One adult civilian died and three children were reported wounded in an airstrike on Aleppo, according to local sources.

The VDC named a victim as  Ahmad Abd al-Kareem al-Shaikh and blamed Russia.

A Tweet by Ahat Watan said: “Young Ahmed Abdul Karim Sheikh, another martyr, God willing, was killed by the criminal Russian airstrike this afternoon.”

Halab Today published a video which said that “Three children were wounded in cluster bombs in the western countryside of Aleppo” – though didn’t say who fired them.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmad Abd al-Kareem al-Shaikh Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Halab Today: Three children were wounded in cluster bombs in the western countryside of Aleppo.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS703

Incident date

March 2, 2016

Location

الهلك, Huluk (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.237367, 37.171512 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. marker Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Violations Documentation Center said one 19-year-old male civilian, Safi Mahmoud Trab, was killed in an alleged Russian airstrike In Hulluk, Aleppo.

According to SMP, “activists said that the air force of the Russian occupation launched air strikes on Hulluk neighborhood in Aleppo, in conjunction with clashes between the rebels and ‘democratic Syria’ militia after the recent attempt to advance in the neighborhood under cover of the Russian aerial bombardment.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Safi Mahmoud Trab Adult male 19 years old killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS704

Incident date

March 2, 2016

Location

نبهان, Nabhan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.9453282, 36.4171672 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One 35-year old man, Mostafa Abdo Nabhan, was killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Nabhan Village, Jisr Al Shoughour, according to the Violations Documentation Center.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mostafa Abdo Nabhan Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS702

Incident date

March 2, 2016

Location

تدمر, Palmyra, Homs, Syria

Geolocation

34.5655244, 38.2873535 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including one child and one woman died in airstrikes on Palmyra – though reports are conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

Shaam News reported that Moscow was responsible: “Russian enemy planes carried out more than 15 air raids on the city of Palmyra targeting civilian homes and causing deaths and injuries.” A series of tweets by independent sources also blamed Russia.

According to Syrian News Desk, “Russian jets launched more than 15 raids on the central and eastern neighborhoods of the city, killing four people, including a child and a woman, were killed and ten others were wounded, in addition to the widespread destruction in the houses.”

Smart News said Russian warplanes “launched 18 strikes with rockets on the city, aimed at the National Hospital, and the girls secondary school, public arena, and residential homes in the neighborhoods East and east, and the Red Valley, and the area around the officers housing, Palmyra castle, killing a woman and two children from the same family and wounding 11 others, who were taken to Raqqah to tend to their wounds.

However, other sources including RT, and the Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed regime warplanes.The Syrian Observatory did not say who the “warplanes” responsible belonged to.

Two victims were named by the Violations Documentation Center, which said they were killed in Russian strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ayat al-Ayad Adult female killed
  • Son of Ayat al-Ayad Child male killed
  • Name unknown Child

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Video shows the devastation in the al-Maliah area of the city of Palmyra as a result of the allegedbombardment by Russian planes (via Palmyra News Network).
  • Strikes targeting Palmyra (via Syria News Desk)
  • Aftermath of the strikes in Palmyra (via Aajil)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS701

Incident date

March 2, 2016

Location

كسرة الفرج, Kasret Farj, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9306391, 39.0059495 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. marker Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians including one child were reported killed and up to 71 others injured in alleged Russian airstrikes focusing on a water company on the outskirts of the city, according to multiple sources.

Shaam News reported that Russian warplanes used cluster bombs to target the water facility, killing seven non-combatants, injuring 70 more and causing widespread destruction to civilian property. A’amaq (ISIL’s media wing) said there were three Russian raids and put the number of injured at 71, with seven killed.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, “The warplanes, alleged as Russian, cluster bombed the Water Foundation in the village of Kasrat Faraj in the southern part of the province of Raqqa, under the control of the ISIL, and killed five people, including a child, and about 20 others injured.

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently also reported on the incident. It named three victims as killed in Russian strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmoud al Habib Adult male killed
  • Mazen Hikmat al Yussuf Adult male killed
  • Wouroud Samir Saoud  Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 7
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–71
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Mazen Hekmat Yousef died in suspected Russian warplanes shelling on Raqqa city, March 2.' (via SN4HR)
  • The remains of cluster bombs, allegedly dropped by Russian warplanes on Kasret Farj, Mar 2nd (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the incident in Kasret Farj (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the incident in Kasret Farj (via RBSS)
  • Aftermath of the incident in Kasret Farj (via RBSS)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 7
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–71
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS700

Incident date

March 1, 2016

Location

الزعينية, Al Zou’ainiyah, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.8410948, 36.2248957 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to four people died and at least 10 were injured when a ballistic missile hit Al Zou’ainiyah – though reports are conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russian warships or the Assad regime.

Alaraby reported that Russian warships stationed in the Mediterranean launched ballistic missiles on Al Zou’ainiyah, resulting in three deaths. A Syrian Civil Defense video also claimed that Russia launched long range ballistic missiles “on the fourth day of the truce March 1st 2016” which fell on civilian homes. According to Baladi News, three civilians died and 13 more were injured in an alleged Russian attack with a ballistic missile. Syrian News also blamed the Russian ships and put the death toll higher at four – with many wounded – explaining that a missile “hit the roads between the villages of the countryside Jisr al-Shughur”. Shaam News Network also attributed the incident to Russia: “Russian warships targeted Al Zou’ainiyah village in the countryside of Jisr al shoughour with ballistic missiles which led to the fall of four martyrs and many wounded.”

However, other sources said the regime was responsible. According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, at least three victims died when regime forces launched surface to surface missiles. The Syrian Press Center also appeared to blame the regime, reporting that a “ballistic missile from ground to ground type also fell on the town in the countryside of Al-Za’aeiniyeh bridge, killing and injuring a number of civilians in addition to the destruction of houses and public facilities.” Syrian News Desk said at least 10 civilians were injured when a regime missile landed “near a workshop for the maintenance of vehicles“. It added that some were critically wounded, and that there had been “great destruction of residential buildings and other property“. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported deaths when “a missile believed to be ground-to-ground landed on area in al-Z’eyniyyeh village“, though did not specify who fired it.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Imad Musa Adult male killed
  • Muhammad Qutaish Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (0–2 women2–4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–13
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Video published by the Syrian Civil Defense titled 'Targeting of Za’aeiniyeh with long range ballistic missiles on the fourth day of the truce'. The video blames Russia for the incident.
  • Video published by the Syrian Civil Defense titled 'Civil Defense in Douma documenting the bombing of Za’aeiniyeh village with ballistic missiles shortly before'. The video reportedly shows the house of one of the affected civilians.
  • SN4HR video titled 'Idlib - Al-Za’aeiniyeh: Civil Defense collects remnants of long-range missile targeted the village'
  • Victim of the strike in Al Zou’ainiyah (via Syrian Press Centre)
  • Victim of the strike in Al Zou’ainiyah (via Syrian Press Centre)
  • Victim of the strike in Al Zou’ainiyah (via Syrian Press Centre)
  • Victim of the strike in Al Zou’ainiyah (via Syrian Press Centre)
  • The aftermath of the strike in Al Zou’ainiyah (via Baladi News)
  • The aftermath of the strike in Al Zou’ainiyah (via Syrian News Desk)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (0–2 women2–4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–13
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS699

Incident date

March 1, 2016

Location

المسطومة, Al Mastumah, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.8755, 36.62967 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One man and his granddaughter died in strikes on the village of Al Mastumah according to local sources – though these were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime, with only one report attributing the incident to Moscow.

Shaam News Network reported that “Activists in Idlib province documented the targeting of the town of Al-Mastumah south of the city of Idlib with three ballistic missiles sourced from Russian warships in the Mediterranean which killed the civilian Ahmed Al Ali and his granddaughter, a little girl. There were also many injuries among his family, who were taken to medical hospitals.

However, according to other sources this was an attack by the regime. The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that at least two victims including a child died when regime forces fired surface to surface missiles. Bansh City Coordinators posted a video (see below) titled: ‘A new breaking of the truce: 2 martyrs and 9 wounded following regime strikes on the village of al Mastouma in the Idlib countryside 1/3/2016’. This was also posted by the Syrian Network.

According to a tweet by the Smart News Agency the regime shelled around the village. RFS said Al Mastumah was targeted with three consecutive rockets and cluster bombs, but it was not clear whether Russia or the regime was responsible. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also mentioned the incident, but did not say who carried it out.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ahmad Al Ali Adult male killed
  • Granddaughter of Ahmad Al Ali Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–9
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Idlib - Al Mastuma - wounded following alleged regime forces raids on the village with ground to ground missiles (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Civilian casualty statements

Russian Armed Forces

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria for March 1st to March 30th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–9
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS698

Incident date

February 29, 2016

Location

دير الزور, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.3353632, 40.1380348 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One male civilian died when an alleged Russian airstrike targeted the Homs road in Deir ez-Zor, according to the Violations Documentation Centre and Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently.

LCCSY reported that “Amir Ismaeil al-Harbek from Deir Ezzour city was martyred as Russian warplanes launched an airstrike on a vehicle carrying workers going to an oil field on the road of Deir Ezzour – Homs”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Amir Ismaeil al-Harbek, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 29th February 2016. (via, VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]