Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

USSOM351

Incident date

September 18, 2022

Location

near Bulabarde, Hiran, Somalia

Airwars assessment

AFRICOM declared conducting an airstrike on September 18th 2022 against Al-Shabaab terrorists who who were reportedly attacking the Somalia National Army forces near Buulobarde, Somalia. The US confirmed responsibility for killing 27 militants in this strike, according to the US, with the Somalia National Army saying that over 100 militants were killed in the whole operation which lasted over 72 hours. There were other reports in local and national media that 75 militants were killed in one of the operations within this time period, in the same location.  It is unclear to the extent of the US involvement beyond the strike that they have declared.

There were no reports of civilian casualties from these strikes.

The Federal Republic of Somalia released a press release on September 19th 2022 which stated “Somali National Army has conducted offensive operations in Yasoman and Aborey in Hiran Region in the last 72 hours. SNA has killed in this operation more than 100 members of Al-Shabab who wre terrorising the local people. Air support from United States of America has assisted this operation led by SNA. The Government of Somalia appreciates the US Government for its continual support in the fight against terrorism and violent extremism.”

The US released a statement a few days later, on September 22nd, confirming that they conducted an airstrike in the Hiran region “at the request of the Federal Government of Somalia… against al-Shabaab terrorists who were attacking Somali National Army forces near Buulobarde.” The US military reported that the airstrike was during a battle between Al-Shabaab fighters and Somali government forces.

One local source on Twitter, @HassanIstilla reported that “four people, including traditional elders, were killed when their vehicle hit a landmine on Saturday (17th) near Buq-aqable district in Hiran region. Al-Shabab denied responsibility and claimed that a US airstrike killed them. AFRICOM, or SNA did not announce an airstrike in the region.” However, the US and SNA operation was announced by the SNA on 19th, and the US confirmed their involvement on the 22nd.

AFRICOM reported that it was the largest combined military operation in the region in five years.

The @SomaliGuardian reported on Twitter that “Al-Shabaab says that it has killed 18 soldiers, wounded 20 others in fighting with govt troops, under cover of US air support, near the twon of Boco in Hiran region. It adds that Gorgor commander in the region is among casualties. No comment from SNA.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Known target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    27–100

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • US AFRICOM released press release declaring airstrike in the Hiran region, confirmed killing 27 militants on September 18th 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • In one of the operations, Somali military said that it killed 75 militants in an operation on 18th September near Burlobade town (Image via @ShabelleMedia / Twitter)
  • In one of the operations, Somali military said that it killed 75 militants in an operation on 18th September near Burlobade town (Image via @ShabelleMedia / Twitter)
  • In one of the operations, Somali military said that it killed 75 militants in an operation on 18th September near Burlobade town (Image via @ShabelleMedia / Twitter)
  • In one of the operations, Somali military said that it killed 75 militants in an operation on 18th September near Burlobade town (Image via @ShabelleMedia / Twitter)
  • Press release from the Federal Republic of Somalia delcaring the operation and confirming the support of the US Forces (Image via @MOISOMALIA / Twitter)

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Known target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    27–100

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4464

Incident date

September 3, 2022

Location

الفطيرة, Al Fatira, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one elderly woman was injured when alleged Russian or regime artillery shelling struck the town of Al Fatira on September 3, 2022.

According to @SyriaCivilDefe, an elderly woman was injured by artillery shelling carried out by the regime and Russian forces on civilian homes in the town of Al Fatira. The Civil Defense volunteers took the injured elderly woman to the hospital.

A tweet from @Amaar77Dyab referred to “civilian casualties” in Al Fatira but did not specify how many and whether they were injured or killed.

@abojrhom, a pro-regime source, tweeted that the shelling targeted the “locations and movements of terrorists” without providing details of who was killed or injured.

Activist Mustafa Muhammad told Al Araby that the Syrian regime forces intensified shelling of various villages and towns including Al Fatira, which coincided with the continuous flight of Russian reconnaissance planes. The majority of other sources that reported on the incident also attributed the shelling to the regime forces, while @Almohrar1 and @ibrahim78197182 attributed the shelling to Russian forces and the Syrian Civil Defense blamed both Russian and regime forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS149

Incident date

August 19, 2022

Location

مدينة الباب,, Al Bab city, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between nine to seventeen civilians were killed, including five to six children, and 26 to 42 others were injured, including eleven children, as a result of missile fire which hit a “crowded” marketplace and residential homes and a school in Al Bab city, Aleppo, Syria, on August 19th 2022. The missile fire was an alleged Syrian regime or SDF (PYD/PKK) action.  Local sources were reporting the event as the “Al Bab massacre” due to the high death toll.

One of the missiles hit the four way intersection known as Khamis Local Market in Al-Bab’s Al Sharqi neighbourhood, according to Syrian Network for Human Rights.

MMC reported that the death toll rose to 14 with up to 38 wounded including five civilians who remained unidentified.

One woman who was killed was allegedly displaced from Deir ez-Zor governorate. Another civilian reportedly killed, Tayseer Ramadan, was reportedly displaced from Maarat al-Numan. The Syrian Civil Defense reported that the area, Al Bab, has become “the last refuge for thousands of families that have been displaced by the regime forces and Russia and are living in an acute humanitarian crisis.”

MMC reported that the Director of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Forces, Farhad Shami said, “our forces have nothing to do with the bombing of the city of Al-Bab”, denying the responsibility of the PYD/PKK.  Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that six missiles hit the town of Al Bab and they have so far been unable to identify the source of the missiles. They believe that it is a result of either Syrian regime forces or by the Syrian Democratic Forces due to the location of the strike, coming from areas jointly controlled by both actors.

One volunteer from the Syrian Civil Defense reported, “everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood…it is clear that the criminal who bombed the city aimed to kill the largest number of civilians and children, because a missile targeted a school, and thank God, today is a holiday, otherwise the tragedy would have been greater.”

The incident occured during the day.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mohamed Jihad Ramadan male killed
  • Tayseer Ramadan Age unknown male brother of Mohamed killed
  • Iyad Al-Mustafa Age unknown male killed
  • Juma Al Hamdan Age unknown male killed
  • Zahraa Al Hamdan Age unknown female killed
  • Mahmoud Al Suwid Child male killed
  • Ahmed Al Abdullah Age unknown male killed
  • Yasser Zeidan Child male killed
  • Mohammad Al Zaiter Child male killed
  • Ahmed Elhayani Age unknown male killed
  • Firas Al-Sloo Age unknown female killed
  • Abdul Hamid Al Shelash Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmed Taha Abu Yasser Age unknown male killed
  • Lhaled Havani Age unknown male injured
  • Majed Maatramawy Age unknown male injured
  • Mustafa Haj Hamdan Age unknown male injured
  • Ibrahim Sheikh Age unknown male injured
  • Ismail Al Nashif Age unknown male injured
  • Izdihar Al Taha Age unknown injured
  • Abdel Hamid Shalash Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Hakim Hussein Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Basit Al-Ezzo Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Karim Al Samou Age unknown male injured
  • Laith Al Mahmoud Age unknown male injured
  • Ali Mu'atal Age unknown male injured
  • Muhammad Al Suwaid Age unknown male injured
  • Bilal Al-Abdullah Age unknown male injured
  • Hassan Shalash Age unknown male injured
  • Abboud Al-Faki Age unknown male injured
  • Amira Al-Faki Age unknown female injured
  • Issa Al-Faki Age unknown injured
  • Walaa Al-Faki Age unknown injured
  • Elaf Al Faki Age unknown female injured
  • Elaf Al Faki Age unknown injured
  • Mays Maarawi Age unknown injured
  • Mahmoud Birawi Age unknown injured
  • Salma Huma Age unknown injured
  • Abdul Hadi Al Hammadi Age unknown male injured
  • Muhammad Al Tadfi Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Hadi Al Kadi Age unknown male injured
  • Mustafa Hamdan Age unknown male injured
  • Ahmed Hazoum Age unknown male injured
  • Ghabath Atabi Age unknown male injured
  • Ali Mu'atal Age unknown
  • Marwan Al-Khamis Child male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 17
  • (5–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    26–42
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (81) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (94) [ collapse]

  • Up to fourteen people were killed when missiles hit Al Bab centre including a busy marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EuphratsPostNews / Facebook)
  • Up to fourteen people were killed when missiles hit Al Bab centre including a busy marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EuphratsPostNews / Facebook)
  • Up to fourteen people were killed when missiles hit Al Bab centre including a busy marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EuphratsPostNews / Facebook)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported from the damaged marketplace after reportedly rescuing fourteen bodies, and more than 30 wounded civilians (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • HalabTodayTV reported "The number of victims of the bombing on the market of the city of #Al-Bab, east of #Aleppo, has risen to 14, and more than 30 wounded" (Image via Facebook)
  • Up to fourteen civilians were reported killed after contested missiles hit Al Bab marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via Sham)
  • Up to fourteen civilians were reported killed after contested missiles hit Al Bab marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EMC / Facebook)
  • Tayseer Ramadan was reportedly killed by a missile strike on Al Bab on August 19th 2022 (Image via MMC / Facebook)
  • @SyrianCoalition reported that civilians were crowding around blood donation centers after the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via Twitter)
  • @SyrianCoalition reported that civilians were crowding around blood donation centers after the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via Twitter)
  • @SyrianCoalition reported that civilians were crowding around blood donation centers after the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via Twitter)
  • Up to 42 people were reported wounded including many children after the Al-Bab Massacre on August 19th 2022 (Image via @abuhuzaifa_ / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    @DeirEzzorNow reported Civilian casualties were caused by missile shelling from areas controlled by the "regime and SDF" that targeted a popular market in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo (Image via Twitter)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams treated the injured and retrieved the bodies after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams treated the injured and retrieved the bodies after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams treated the injured and retrieved the bodies after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Sham News reported from the scene as the death toll rose after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Exclusive photo from SNHR showing the damage caused by the missile strike on the main road in the area known as al Khamis Local Market in al Bab city." (Image via SNHR)
  • "Exclusive photo from SNHR showing the damage caused by the missile strike on the main road in the area known as al Khamis Local Market in al Bab city." (Image via SNHR)
  • "Exclusive photo from SNHR showing the damage caused by the missile strike on the main road in the area known as al Khamis Local Market in al Bab city." (Image via SNHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • Destruction after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 where up to fourteen people were killed (Image via @Syriacivildefe / Twitter)
  • “Everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood, at this moment, I already knew what the meaning of a bite dipped in blood." One Syrian Civil Defense volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • “Everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood, at this moment, I already knew what the meaning of a bite dipped in blood." One Syrian Civil Defense volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • “Everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood, at this moment, I already knew what the meaning of a bite dipped in blood." One Syrian Civil Defense volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • “Where did my son go, did he die or live??….there are many questions I encountered today while responding to the bombing that targeted the popular market in the city of Al-Bab," one mother told a Syrian Civil Defense Volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • The death toll according to the Syrian Civil Defense (Image via Twitter)
  • First responders after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via @samerdaboul6 / Twitter)
  • "Initial images of the missile attack on the city of Al-Bab" (Image via @Jabalybaraa / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Initial images of the missile attack on the city of Al-Bab" (Image via @Jabalybaraa / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A photo of a child killed by a missile strike which has become known as the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via @jabalybaraa / Twitter)
  • Two young children reportedly killed in the "Al Bab Massacre"(Image via @Omar_Madaniah / Twitter)
  • Baladi News showed the destruction after the "Al Bab Massacre"
  • Baladi News showed the destruction after the "Al Bab Massacre"
  • "Pictures of wounded children, except for 15 martyrs, most of whom are children, and wounded, whose number exceeded 33, including 8 cases of amputation by missiles of the internationally authorized crime" (Image via @bkdadaksa / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of man carrying body part of one of the civilians killed during the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via @almo3tasem91 / Twitter)
  • A child reportedly killed during the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Abo Hareth / Facebook)
  • "The martyr of the Al-Bab massacre today, for those who know him, the news of his family is in Al-Bab Hospital" (Image via Saker Al Jazrawi / Facebook)
  • "Moved to God's mercy #Ahmed_Taha_Abu_Yasser, succumbed to his injuries as a result of the bombing that targeted the city of Al-Bab in the name of Al-Arouj. We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return" (Image via Al Oruuj clan / Facebook)
  • "Moved to God's mercy #Ahmed_Taha_Abu_Yasser, succumbed to his injuries as a result of the bombing that targeted the city of Al-Bab in the name of Al-Arouj.
  • "Moved to God's mercy, the child Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Suwayd as a result of the bombing" (Image via Shareef / Facebook)
  • "The martyr, God willing, Marwan bin Muhammad Ali Khamis Al-Abrash, the funeral prayer at the Osama bin Zaid Mosque at three o’clock" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "The martyr, God willing, Ahmed Hayani" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "The martyr, God willing, Ahmed Hayani" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "The death of the child Yasser Zeidan as a result of the bombing" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "Praying for the funeral in Zamzam mosque after the afternoon prayer. Burial in the northern cemetery" (Image via Al Bab death / Facebook)
  • "The martyrdom of the child Muhammad Khalil Zuaiter" (Image via Al Bab Death / Facebook)
  • "The head and members of the local council of al-Bab city, the mayor of al-Bab, and the city’s attorney general, with the participation of the representative of the Syrian National Coalition, perform the duty of condolences to the families of the martyrs of the al-Bab city massacre, and check on the wounded in the city’s hospital." (Al Bab puls / Facebook)
  • "He passed away to the mercy of God Almighty, the martyr, God willing, Firas Mustafa Sabri Al-Sallo, succumbed to his wounds as a result of a missile attack this morning." (Image via AL Bab pul / Facebook)
  • "The child Marwan Al-Khamis from the city of Tadef, one of the martyrs of today" (Image via Al Bab puls)
  • "The names of the martyrs who were martyred this morning as a result of a missile attack on the city" (Image via Al Bab puls / Facebook)
  • "The names of the martyrs who were martyred this morning as a result of a missile attack on the city" (Image via Al Bab puls / Facebook)
  • "The martyrdom of the two young men, “Tayseer Ramadan” and his brother, “Mohamed Ramadan,” from the displaced people of the city of Maarat al-Numan, as a result of the missile shelling that targeted the city of al-Bab a while ago." (Image via Yusuf / Facebook)
  • "The martyrdom of the young man (("Mohamed Ramadan))" of the displaced from the city of #Maarat_al-Numan as a result of the missile shelling that targeted the city of #Al-Bab a while ago" Image via Malek Abo Yazan / Facebook)
  • "To God, the matter before and after belongs to God and to Him we shall return. The martyr, God willing, Iyad Ibrahim Al-Mustafa, may God have mercy on you and give patience to your family" (Image via Iyad Madmoud / Facebook)

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 17
  • (5–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    26–42
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (81) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS148

Incident date

August 18, 2022

Location

مارع, Marea, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed as a result of contested Syrian regime forces or Syrian Democratic Forces action on August 18th 2022 on the outskirts of Marea city, Al Bab, Aleppo.  Sham reported that “a number of civilians” were also wounded.

Sham reported that the civilian killed was identified as Muhammad Diaa Nasser, and was a young man.  According to Radio Al Kul, the missile hit his car and killed him instantly.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Muhammad Diaa Nasser Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • One civilian was reportedly killed as a result of contested Syrian regime and SDF action on August 18th 2022 (Image via @Damaspost2 / Twitter)
  • One civilian was reportedly killed as a result of contested Syrian regime and SDF action on August 18th 2022 (Image via @Damaspost2 / Twitter)
  • One civilian was reportedly killed as a result of contested Syrian regime and SDF action on August 18th 2022 (Image via @Damaspost2 / Twitter)
  • One civilian was reportedly killed as a result of contested Syrian regime and SDF action on August 18th 2022 (Image via @Damaspost2 / Twitter)
  • Muhammad Zia Omar was killed reportedly by Syrian regime or SDF forces on August 18th 2022 in Marea (Image via @MMCSYR / Twitter)
  • Muhammad Zia Omar was killed reportedly by Syrian regime or SDF forces on August 18th 2022 in Marea (Image via SCD / Facebook)

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS1467

Incident date

August 4, 2022

Location

اعزاز, Azaz, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians, including a child and a woman, from the same family, were injured on August 4th 2022, when missile strikes hit a residential neighbourhood in the city of Azaz, north of Aleppo as a result of contested Syrian regime forces or Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) action.

@Almohar1 tweeted that three civilians were injured and their names were:

Abdul-Jabbar Muhammad al-Musa
Mohamed Abdel-Jabbar Al-Mousa
Yasmine Abdel-Jabbar Al-Musa (a child)

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported that three civilians were injured. The Syrian Civil Defense force said that they transported the injured to the hospital.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Abdul-Jabbar Muhammad Al-Musa Adult male injured
  • Mohamed Abdel-Jabbar Al-Mousa male injured
  • Yasmine Abdel-Jabbar Al-Musa Child female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Up to four civilians were injured as a result of Syrian regime or SDF missile fire which hit the town of Azaz on August 4th 2022 (Image via @SyriaCivilDef / Twitter)
  • @Almohar1 reported that three civilians were injured as a result of missile shelling in Azaz on August 4th 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    @Almohar1 reported that three civilians were injured as a result of missile shelling in Azaz on August 4th 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • @Almohar1 reported that three civilians were injured as a result of missile shelling in Azaz on August 4th 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • Three to four civilians were reported injured as a result of missile shelling in Azaz on August 4th 2022 (Image via @zelal_katee / Twitter)

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS146

Incident date

August 3, 2022

Location

اعزاز, Azaz, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

On August 3rd 2022, between three and six people, including up to four women, were reported injured by artillery shelling which hit the city of Azaz, Aleppo, Syria as a result of reported SDF (YPG/PKK) or Syrian regime forces action.  The incident was reported to have taken place in the evening.

@jabha_sy reported that the list of the names who were wounded were:

Mounira Jaban, aged 19
Asia Amin, aged 54
Souad Kaddour, aged 17
Safaa Amin, aged 17
Unidentified child

The Syrian Civil Defense took the injured to the hospital and secured the area where the incident took place.

Most of the sources reported that this was a result of SDF action, including Syrian Network for Human Rights, however it was also reported that it could have been the Syrian regime as the artillery shelling orginated from areas controlled by both actors.

The incident occured in the evening.

  • Mounira Jaban 19 years old female injured
  • Asia Amin 54 years old female injured
  • Souad Kaddour 17 years old male injured
  • Safaa Amin 17 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • @IdlibPlus reported that six civilians were injured when a missile strike hit Azaz city, Aleppo (Image via Twitter)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that six civilians were injured as a result of Syrian regime or SDF missile fire in Azaz city, Aleppo, Syria on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that six civilians were injured as a result of Syrian regime or SDF missile fire in Azaz city, Aleppo, Syria on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • @Sharqya_reporte tweeted photos of the damage as a result of reported SDF action in Azaz in Aleppo, Syria on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • @Sharqya_reporte tweeted photos of the damage as a result of reported SDF action in Azaz in Aleppo, Syria on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • @77Mikiy tweeted that shells landed in a civilian house in Azaz on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • @77Mikiy tweeted that shells landed in a civilian house in Azaz on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • @77Mikiy tweeted that shells landed in a civilian house in Azaz on August 3rd 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • Syrian Civil Defense tweeted that the civilians were transported to the nearest hospital (Image via Twitter)

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4316 IRS008 YS105

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.5112804, 36.851089 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and others were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces or Russian airstrikes on agricultural lands in the outskirts of Afrin on June 12, 2021.

According to Macro Media Center, “a civilian was killed and others were wounded as a result of the bombing of the PYD PKK gangs with missiles on the city of Afrin”. Shaam News also reported that one civilian was killed in the incident.

A tweet from @rahhalahmad06 gave information on one of the victims: “the death of the anesthesiologist, Amin Qusho, as a result of the heinous crime that affected Al-Shifa Hospital in Afrin.” A Facebook post by Munzur.Şêxo added that Qusho was actually killed in his home near the Maarat roundabout in the center of Afrin city, meaning that he was killed in the first round of shelling.

In audio messages to Syrian Archive, a journalist and a witness of the shelling said, “The first bombing was at 18:03 on farm lands and civilians homes.” According to this same journalist, among those killed was Ghaith Abbas, a fighter from the city of Homs. Additionally, the journalist claimed that two other fighters were wounded in the attack.

Syrian Archive provided additional details on this incident, which was the first of two shelling barrages that occurred on June 12th (the second is documented in R4317 IRS009 YS106): “videos posted online show the first barrage of rockets on Afrin and rising smoke plumes from at least five areas at the end of the street nearest the political security branch in Afrin, around 200 meters away from the hospital.” According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the first shelling hit the Maaratah road and new highway in Afrin, in addition to farm lands near the hospital, between 18:03-18:10. After reviewing images and videos, Syrian Archive determined that the first attack occurred near a restaurant named Tayyibah around 200 meters from Al Shifa Hospital and on farm lands along  Al Mazout Road, just west of the hospital.

Nurse Samir Aghwani, one of the staff members at Al Shifa, told Syrian Archive “While working, I heard several consecutive rockets and explosions at 18:05 on Saturday, June 12. I immediately went to the emergency room after a call came about injuries in the Al Filat and Al Siyasiya streets. Ambulances began transporting those injured to Al Shifa Hospital, which was closest to the attack. While we applied first aid and a number of doctors entered the operating room to conduct surgeries, and about an hour after the first bombing, the hospital was targeted by two missiles. One of them fell in the emergency room where I was. The second fell in the middle of the hospital. I froze as horrific scenes passed in front of me before I regained my senses and opened my phone. I documented what had happened and then went to treat the injured. The place was filling with blood and corpses, and my colleagues, the Civil Defense teams, and I treated the wounded.”

Naim Al Qasim, director of the Civil Defense Center in Afrin, said in an interview with the Syrian Archive team that, “At 18:05 Afrin was hit by rockets. The shelling concentrated around the vicinity of the Ibn Sina Hospital and Al Shifa Hospital, hitting civilian homes. The Civil Defense went to the location hit. The results of the shelling was one killed and four wounded. Other than a patient who was sent to Afrin Hospital, we transported the wounded to Al-Shifa Hospital. When the vehicles returned at around 19:00, the city was hit by a second attack. Among the locations hit in this attack was Al-Shifa Hospital. The Civil Defense paramedics present at the hospital were injured as well as some of the hospital staff in addition to civilians. They were treated and taken from the hospital. The initial outcome was around 15 dead and 43 injured, in addition to severe damage to the hospital and residential buildings as well to equipment belonging to the Civil Defense.”

Mohammed Al Youssef, an ambulance driver, told the Syrian Archive team, “We received an emergency response call at 18:05 of civilian casualties on Al Siyasiya street, near Al Filat, from rocket fire. We immediately went there and were the first teams to arrive. The moment we arrived there was a high number of those injured. So, we transported two cases to the hospital and came back to evacuate more of the injured. Here was when the paramedics and Civil Defense teams arrived. After we transported another injured individual, we headed towards Al Shifa Hospital, as it was close to the area shelled, to provide first aid to the injured and to try and rescue them. We stayed in the hospital, ready for any emergency that may happen. There was huge crowd in the hospital, including civilians, injured people, and their families. We stayed in the ambulance because there were patients with critical injuries that required transportation to Turkish territories. An hour after the first bombing, a second attack happened and here the horrific massacre occurred. The missiles directly hit the hospital, the number of people was very large. The nurse that was with my ambulance was inside the emergency room in the hospital and I was outside the hospital. The rising smoke, shrapnel, and the sounds I began to hear sounded as if it was Youm Al Qiyamah. Most of the people present were killed or injured. We managed the situation and tried to rescue the injured and pull them out of the rubble. What I saw was very difficult. I saw a child in a wheelchair who died in the bombing, women, children, and young people, and ambulance teams and nurses and doctors. While working as an ambulance driver for two years now, these were the toughest moments I ever experienced.”

Ahmed Al Ibrahim, a volunteer in the Civil Defense who was wounded by the shelling, told the Syrian Archive team that the first attack was around six o’clock in the evening. He accompanied two of his colleagues, Ismail Naasan, division commander, and Zaher Hamsho, driver, in transferring the injured to Al Shifa Hospital and then Afrin Central Hospital. When they returned to Al Shifa Hospital, rockets hit the facility and he and his colleagues were injured.

In a recording sent to Syrian Archive, Abu Taym Al Halabi, a media activist who lives in Afrin and about 50 meters away from the hospital, said that seven to eight rockets hit the town in the first attack. He told Syrian Archive he inspected the impact site, determining that rockets fell between civilian homes and on farm land on Al Filat street. He said he photographed those injured at the site.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the SDF and PKK. However, Mazloum Abadi, the head of the SDF, issued a statement: “We strongly condemn the bombing by the Russian forces of the city of Afrin, which is overcrowded with civilians.” Various other sources attributed the shelling to Russian forces and/or Iranian forces.

The incident occured between 6:03 pm and 6:10 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Democratic Forces, Iranian Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Image of the agricultural lands outside of Afrin that were bombed on June 12, 2021. Image shows "the moment civilians fled during the bombing of the #PKK militia, on the city from their lands where they were working." (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Landmarks shown in a picture posted on Twitter of the bombing of farm land west of Afrin match satellite imagery. The location is near additional impact sites in residential areas located approximately 200 meters away from the hospital. (Syrian Archive)
  • The area shells hit in the first barrage were less than 200 meters south-east of the hospital, towards the Tayyibah restaurant, and west towards the identified farm lands. (Syrian Archive)
  • The shadows shown in an image of shells hitting the farm lands west of the hospital, correspond to the position of the sun in Afrin at around 18:00 on June 12, 2021, as estimated using the SunCalc tool. This further corroborates the timing of the first attack as mentioned in witness statements as well as reports by journalists and news agencies. (Syrian Archive)
  • The area shells hit in the first barrage were less than 200 meters south-east of the hospital, towards the Tayyibah restaurant, and west towards the identified farm lands. (Syrian Archive)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to an area just west of the city, for which the exact coordinates are: 36.5112804, 36.851089.

  • Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to an area just west of the city.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery according to sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Gurbtwatan

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces
  • Syrian Democratic Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Democratic Forces, Iranian Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS039

Incident date

October 11, 2019

Location

نصيبين‎, Nusaybin, Mardin, Turkey

Geolocation

37.068083, 41.216564 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two Anadolu Agency reporters were reportedly injured in an alleged YPG/PKK artillery attack on their building in Nusaybin in Turkey, on October 11th 2019, according to local media sources.

Anadolu Agency reported that their office was “targeted by gunfire from areas controlled by terrorists of the PKK/PKK on the Syrian side’ and that the injuries were ‘light’. @kobiyasam reported that snipers attacked the building.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Photo of the alleged YPG artillery attack on the office of Aadoulu Agency in Nusaybin, Turkey, on October 11th, 2019 (via @aa_arabic).
  • Photo of the alleged YPG artillery attack on the office of Aadoulu Agency in Nusaybin, Turkey, on October 11th, 2019 (via @aa_arabic).
  • Photo of the alleged YPG artillery attack on the office of Aadoulu Agency in Nusaybin, Turkey, on October 11th, 2019 (via @aa_arabic).
  • Photo of the alleged YPG artillery attack on the office of Aadoulu Agency in Nusaybin, Turkey, on October 11th, 2019 (via @aa_arabic).
  • Footage of the alleged YPG artillery attack on the office of Aadoulu Agency in Nusaybin, Turkey, on October 11th, 2019 (via @KacSaatOlduTR).
  • Footage of the alleged YPG artillery attack on the office of Aadoulu Agency in Nusaybin, Turkey, on October 11th, 2019 (via @kobiyasam).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Kasr-ı Serçehan Hotel been struck by gunfire within the city of Nusaybin (نصيبين‎). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the exact location to these coordinates:  37.068083,41.216564 .

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (7) [ collapse]