As strikes targeting ISIS in Iraq wind down, an air-backed race against Islamic State in Syria has put civilians in extreme danger.
On average one Coalition bomb, missile or artillery shell struck Raqqa every eight minutes in August – with local monitors reporting a devastating toll on civilians
Lt Gen Stephen Townsend, former commander of the US-led Coalition, takes issue with Airwars assessments of Raqqa civilian casualties
The Coalition’s top commander has repeatedly questioned whether large numbers of civilians are dying, even as international investigations are released.
Coalition munition use – and civilian deaths – each drop by one third at Raqqa, as SDF campaign to capture city slows
Coalition declares as ‘credible’ two Belgian civilian casualty events – yet secrecy continues
Our investigation for the Daily Beast examines why likely civilian deaths in the war against ISIS have doubled under Donald Trump
Thousands of civilians died in the battle to capture Mosul from so-called Islamic State – with much of the city now in ruins