Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0783

Incident date

October 31, 2023

Location

مخيم جباليا, Jabalia camp, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532720, 34.498137 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 31, 2023 confirmed Israeli strikes on the densely populated Jabalia refugee camp killed at least 126 civilians, including 69 children. A further 280 civilians were reported injured by the director of the nearby Indonesian Hospital.

A second strike hit the same location the following day, though the full casualty assessment for that incident will be reviewed separately by Airwars. Israel has confirmed that it conducted both strikes, with the stated target being Hamas leader Ibrahim Biari, and “his base”, according to IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari. Munitions experts speaking to The Guardian indicated that the IDF used so-called bunker buster munitions in the strike: 2,000lb bombs with an estimated crater size of 40ft which cause an “earthquake like” phenomenon on impact.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights raised concerns on Twitter/X that the strikes may have been “disproportionate attacks that could amount to war crimes”. Though no official civilian casualty estimate has yet been conceded by Israeli forces, IDF Spokesperson Richard Hech acknowledged that the IDF knew that civilians were present, and said that civilian harm was a “tragedy of war”.

Airwars has identified at least 116 names of civilians killed, including ten cases involving the fatality of more than one member of the same family. In three of these cases, families were reportedly killed in their entirety.

The Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were also killed. These civilians have been included in Airwars’ upper fatality estimate only, as they have not yet been otherwise corroborated.

Numerous accounts on social media of relatives grieving over unnamed family members killed in the bombing have also been accounted for in Airwars’ civilian casualty range. When one source mentioned that a civilian and “his whole family” were reportedly killed, but the victims could not otherwise be identified, Airwars counted two civilians killed in its ranges as a minimum. In cases where sources indicated that “children” were killed without providing further information on the number of victims, Airwars counted two children killed as a minimum.

Sources also reported that “a large number” of victims were still under the rubble after the strikes, with Hamas officials, quoted by the National, reporting that 120 individuals were still missing by November 2nd. These individuals have not yet been included in the Airwars casualty toll. No reports were found to indicate that there had been prior warning of the strike.

“Apocalyptic scenes”

Footage and videos released following the strikes showed vast craters, alongside dozens of onlookers standing on the edges and people searching for survivors. Local sources have widely referred to the bombing as a “massacre”. Pictures published by local and international sources showed entire housing blocks leveled.

CNN said the survivors talked about “apocalyptic scenes in the aftermath of Tuesday’s strike”, with one eyewitness saying “it felt like the end of the world”. “Children were carrying other injured children and running, with grey dust filling the air. Bodies were hanging on the rubble, many of them unrecognizable. Some were bleeding and others were burnt,” Mohammad Al Aswad told CNN.

The Washington Post reported that “Palestinians carried away the injured and dead on blankets and mattresses”. The Guardian described “body bags piled up with horrific speed at the morgue of the nearby Indonesian hospital in Beit Lahia, and then outside the building” and added that “the wounded filled [the Indonesian Hospital] beds or were raced to Dar al-Shifa hospital in Gaza City, where medics from the Médicins Sans Frontiers aid group struggled to find space even for badly injured children”.

“Young children arrived at the hospital with deep wounds and severe burns. They came without their families,” said Mohammed Hawajreh, an MSF nurse who was quoted by the organisation in a statement condemning the attack. “Many were screaming and asking for their parents. I stayed with them until we could find a place, as the hospital was full with patients”.

Similarly, @AJA_Egypt described scenes with “rows of corpses and shrouds…Jabalia martyrs piled up in the courtyard of the Indonesian Hospital”.

One source on social media (@rdooan) said the bombing left “a hole filled with the corpses of Palestinian families”, while another source stated that “the bodies of families are crowded on top of each other”.

Rescue efforts to identify civilians in the rubble continued after the strikes, with The Guardian reporting that following the strike, “rescuers combed with their hands through surface layers of a tangled mass of concrete and steel which hours earlier had been homes in the Jabalia refugee camp in Gaza. They were searching for survivors, or the bodies of victims, which the immense force of an Israeli airstrike had left near the surface. Those trapped deeper may be entombed for months”.

Mahmoud Basal, a spokesperson for the Palestinian Civil Defense emergency services, told The Washington Post 20 buildings had been destroyed by the strikes, while Al-Arabiya wrote that the bombing “blew up an entire residential neighborhood”. One source specified that the location hit initially was the Al-Tarnis area of the camp. A number of sources qualified the bombing as a “massacre”. Journalist Anas Al Sharif described the destruction of dozens of homes in the “most populated area in the world”.

AP spoke with Abu al-Qumssan, a witness of the strike, who described what happened:“In a matter of seconds, it turned into night,” Abu al-Qumssan said. “It felt like containers of explosives and iron were dropped on us. It was a very strange and bloodcurdling sound. I couldn’t make out the streets from homes,” he said. “People and bodies evaporated.” He went to his uncle’s house, only to find the flimsy metal structure had been crushed into nothing.

Victims identified

In many cases, victims were identified on social media by survivors, relatives or friends.

The Abu Al Qoumsan family

At least 21 members of the family of Al-Jazeera broadcast engineer Muhammad Abu Al Qoumsan were killed in Jabalia. Relative of the Abu Al Qoumsan family, Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan, announced on Twitter/X the deaths of his relatives, namely: the three brothers Abu Al Thib Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s father), Abu Anas Abu Al Qoumsan, Abu Firas Abu Al Qoumsan. He also announced the deaths of Abu Firas  Abu Al Qoumsan’s wife (name not provided), her two sons Wasel Abu Al Qoumsan and Mohannad Abu Al Qoumsan, and her two daughters Nabough Abu Al Qoumsan and Abrar Abu Al Qoumsan.

He also recorded the deaths of Umayya Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan’s sister), and of his sister-in-law, described as the wife of his big brother Thib Abu Al Qoumsan. While her name was not provided, the names of her children were: two daughters Rahaf  Abu Al Qoumsan and Layan  Abu Al Qoumsan, and three sons Abdullah  Abu Al Qoumsan, Mohammed  Abu Al Qoumsan, and Aboud  Abu Al Qoumsan.

Imam Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s sister), and her three sons Yamen, Zain and Yazeed were also reportedly killed. Um Mohammed Abu Al Qoumsan, an Abu Al Qoumsan relative, said that her sister “Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan, mother of Rami Ahjazi” was also killed in the incident. It is unclear if she is one of the wives unnamed previously.

Ra’ed Abu Al Qoumsan announced the deaths of his father, of his uncle Abu Firas, of his uncle’s wife and children – (the uncle, his wife and children have already been included above), of his sisters and their children, of his brother’s wife and her children. No names or ages were provided by this source, and it was unclear whether all of those victims have also been listed above.

One additional woman from Al Qoumsan family unit, Marwa Basil Abu Al Qoumsan was identified killed by Al-Jazeera staff on social media. It was unclear whether Marwa was an additional victim, or whether her identity matched one of the women reportedly killed but whose name had not been provided.

To avoid double counting the deaths of members of Abu Al Qoumsan family, where names were not provided by other sources, Airwars has considered these individuals were already named in the sources above in minimum estimates, though have been considered as additional family members in our maximum estimate.

The Siraj family

A man identified as Abdul Salam Siraj was reportedly killed alongside all the members of his family. Ismail Mohammad Foda posted on Facebook: “My friend Abdul Salam Siraj, his entire family was exterminated in Jabalia… his mother, his wife, his two daughters, two sisters, three brothers, and his uncle’s entire family”. Airwars has been unable to separately identify the uncle’s family, and so has counted these as at least two individuals in our minimum range.

The Khudair Ali family

Muhammad Ali announced on Twitter/X the deaths of nine of his relatives that he described as “my beloved ones, my heart and my soul, my support in my country, my cousins and my sisters, in the treacherous massacre in Jabalia camp”.

He identified the victims as Fadi Khudair Ali and his wife (name not provided), Muhammad Khudair Ali, Malak Khudair Ali (described as his cousin), Khadra Jaber Ali (his aunt), and Khadra’s children: Ahmed, Zainab and Muhammad. He also named his cousin’s sons Haidar and Kanan Al-Daour. Another source said that “Umm Fadi” was grieving her sons and daughters, all killed in the Jabaliya bombing.

The Masoud family

A friend of Omar Masoud “Al-Abeka” announced Omar’s death, alongside the deaths of his wife Donia Bashir and their four children (a son and three daughters). The source described Omar as a former prisoner who was detained for twenty years for killing an Israeli, before he got released, getting married and having children. The names of Omar’s family members were not provided by the source. Sources did not explain if Omar Masoud was imprisoned for being a member of a militant group, and also did not state if Masoud was a member of a militant group at the time of his death.

The Abu Sultan family

Nine members were reportedly killed from the Abu Sultan family, which one source said was killed in its entirety.

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan and his wife Sahar Abu Sultan (Al-Hoor), and their five children (four sons and one daughter) Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan, Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan, Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan, Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan, and their daughter named Shahd Omar Abu Sultan. Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan’s wife, and his daughter were also reportedly killed (though names were not provided by the source). On the deaths of the Abu Sultan family, on Facebook, Suhil Yahya posted: There are no relatives or loved ones left, they are all gone”.

The Hamad Family

Medhat Khalil and two other sources reported the death of Kamal Hamad “Abu Diaa” and his son (unnamed) in the Jabalia bombing.

The Al-Tanani family

Two children from the Al-Tanani family were reported killed by one source, namely Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani and Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani. Their age was not provided by the source.

The Okasha family

At least 33 members of the Okasha family were reported killed in the strikes, according to AP. This includes husband and wife Rawand Okasha Umm Kinan and Belal Okasha, alongside their three children, as reported by their relatives Mohammad Okasha and Abood Okasha. The children’s uncle Ziad Okasha Abu Iyad and his wife Manal Okasha “Al-Najjar” were also reported killed alongside their son Youssef Ziad Okasha and sons of their late uncle Naeem Abu Raed.

Another cousin, Raed Okasha, his children, and his wife, their cousin Muhammad Okasha and his three children Rakan, Amid, and Masa were also listed among the fatalities, alongside their cousin Yasser Okasha, his children and his wife, their cousin Nael Okasha, his children and his wife Islam Muhammad Al-Kafarna Okasha. A video posted on Facebook by Mohammed Okasha showed Yasser Okasha in combat gear wearing weapons, suggesting he may have been a militant. 

A post from Mona Sahle added additional names and offered her condolences to her cousin Nasser Okasha Abu Muhammad for the loss of Nasser’s daughter, her husband, and their children. Muhammad Okasha and his three children are survived by their wife and mother Samah Abu Saltah who was born in the Balata camp, and moved between Gaza and Nablus. Mohammed Okasha added the names Thaer Naeem Okasha and his family, and Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi.

The Alyan family

Jehad Al Sharawi posted a memorial to her uncle Muhammad, uncle Hussein, and the Alyan family for the loss of: Youssef Muhammad Alyan, Mahmoud Jabr Alyan, Karim Majid Alyan. Ziad Alyan also posted a memorial for his brother Mahmoud Jabr Alyan.

The Omrain family

Faraj Abo Mohammed announced five deaths from Abu Al-Omrain family : Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain, Reem Muhammad Al-Firi (Abu Al-Amrain), Muhammad’s wife, and of three children: Rital Youssef Abu Al-Amrain, Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Amrain and Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Amrain.

The Rayyan family

Reuters published a video of a Jabaliya resident, identified as Abdel Kareem Rayyan, holding a paper listing the names of the 15 family members that he claimed were killed in the Israeli strikes. Abdel Kareem Rayyan declared to Reuters: “I lost my whole family, 15 of them. They were innocent, just staying in the camp. What wrong did they do? All of them were killed. My sister’s house with her children, my brother’s house with his children, all of my siblings, no one left except me and my younger brother. Fifteen people, these are their names – they are innocent an kind, it’s literally a massacre, complete destruction. All of the alley, 20 houses were demolished”.

Airwars was able to identify the following names from the list he showed to Reuters: Raed Ahmad Rayyan, Hanna Rayyan, Sa’ed Rayyan, Maher Rayyan, Anwar Rayyan, Jannah RayyanRaed Sa’ed Rayyan, Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan, Mahmoud Sa’ed RayyanGhassan Mohammed Rayyan, Israa Mohammed Rayyan, Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan, Masa Mohammed RayyanIman Saed Abou Hamdan, Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan.

Another man identified as Hassan Ahmed Rayan told Reuters in the same video “The house had 15 people in it, until this moment we cannot reach any of them. Since yesterday, we’ve been trying to find anyone, but we couldn’t. There is no equipment, no civil defense teams, it’s all personal efforts to remove the rubble”.

On social media, Ahmad Abi Ibrahim announced the deaths of his relatives his cousin and brother in law Raed Rayan Abu Saed, his “beloved sister Hanna”, described as Saed’s mother, Saed’s sister identifed as Anwar, and her sons. Janna is referred to as a younger sister with who they “recently celebrated her success in high school”.

Maher is described as a ” decent young man, [who] spent his life in obedience to God, between the mosque and the university. He completed his education as a doctor and volunteered to treat the wounded in the Indonesian Hospital at the beginning of the outbreak of the current war on Gaza.” Nassma Jamal published on Facebook: “May God have mercy on the martyrs of the Rayyan family, relatives and cousins, who were martyred while they were steadfast and sitting in their homes in the Jabalia camp massacre. The martyr Abu Saed Raed Rayan, his wife, children and some of his grandchildren, his son Saed Rayan, his wife and children, and the wife of cousin Abu Ghassan Rayan and her children. Fifteen people, most of them children.” Airwars has estimated the minimum number of children killed in the Rayan family to be six, though the exact number is not yet clear.

In addition to the victims identified alongside other family members outlined above, Airwars also identified an individual named Juma Muhammad Al-Shaarawi, whose death was announced by Baraa Samir describing Al-Shaarawi as a “good and decent young neighbor”.

Unnamed victims

As in many incidents of civilian harm, not all victims were named by sources.

The Izz Al Din Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were killed. The identity of the hostages was not provided.

Airwars also archived a number of videos where relatives or friends spoke about their losses surrounded by scenes of desolation.

In one video published by @Roaastudies and by Middle East Eye, an unnamed Palestinian man present at the scene of the incident was recorded explaining to the camera that he had three children and “not one has survived”. He is seen collapsing at the site of the bombing screaming: “My three children are all gone! My three children, Oh God! My three children! That other day, he told me to come, he told me “Come Dad””. A man holding him replies “Maybe we’ll find one, maybe we’ll find one alive”. The camera holder then says, “this is my friend, he just lost his family”.

@ramiaalibrahim published a video including another Palestinian man whose name was not identified, was filmed walking around the rubble screaming “my son is a martyr, oh God!”, while an additional video published by @Yasser_Gaza on Twitter/X showed a grieving mother who reportedly “lost all of her children“.

On social media, one video released by @Palestinealaa19 showed a father and his son at the scene of the bombing – the young adolescent was crying over bodies in plastic bags of members of his family lined up on the street. The father can be heard telling his son “you can’t collapse, you can’t cry, this is our destiny, we are not better than them, look they are all around us, we don’t forget them and the other 8,000 people – without counting those under the rubble, at least we got out, at least we knew who they are”.

In one video published by @AJArabicnet, a child critically injured in the bombing asked his relative to give him water, while another video released by @Ahmed_GR00 shows a young girl injured with blood on her clothes. The source alleged that she lost the sight of her eyes but at the time of the recording was not aware of her fate.

@shamel__news published a video of two young girls and one young boy rescued from the rubble from Jabalia. @visegrad24 mentioned on Twitter/X the case of a young boy rescued from the rubble by rescuers at the site but no further information was provided regarding the child’s identity. Documenting similar scenes, AP recorded “Young men [carrying] the limp forms of two children from the upper floors of the crumbling frame of one damaged apartment building, while helping down another child and woman. It was unclear whether the children were alive or dead. Gray dust, apparently left by pulverized concrete, seemed to coat nearly everything.”

One Twitter/X the user @Mohammed78990 published a video of a baby followed by this comment: “painful scene from the Jabaliya massacre”. The same source explained that the mother was killed in the bombing. In another video released by @AJA_Palestine, a young man and his young sister were filmed sitting on the rubble crying over the death of their father. 

Overall casualty estimates provided by sources

Initial reporting following the first Israeli bombing on October 31st recorded “a number of martyrs” and “dozens” injured, with Bellingcat setting the initial death toll at “at least 40 killed”, followed by the Guardian which initially reported that “47 bodies were “recovered from the rubble after an explosion in several houses in Jabalia camp”, analysing video footage published by Agence France-Presse.

The director of the Indonesian hospital, Mohamed el-Ron, told the BBC that the hospital recorded 400 casualties, “including 120 dead”, the majority being “women and children”. In a press conference held at that hospital on October 31st, doctors announced that “at 4pm the Indonesian hospital received a high number of killed and injured after an attack on residential block in Jabaliya camp”. The medical staff stated that “one staff member lost four members of his family during the strike.” The same source added that the number of civilian casualties was bigger than their capacity. A number of sources reported “hundreds of injured and killed” following the two declared rounds of strikes on Tuesday and Wednesday. – with @ajmubasher reporting “more than 400 martyrs and wounded”, without further details.

On October 31st, the Palestinian Ministry of Health initially counted “50 martyrs and around 150 wounded and dozens under the rubble in a heinous Israeli massacre that targeted a large area of homes in Jabalia camp”. Later in the day, the MoH said it feared at least 100 had been killed in the bombing, and hundreds others injured, according to @ariel_oseran.

Airwars’ civilian fatality range reflects the number of individuals identified by local sources (both named and unnamed). As per our methodology, where specific numbers of civilians were not explicitly mentioned (such as reference to ‘multiple’ children), we have counted these as at least two casualties. Very few sources were able to report on exact numbers of those injured in the first strike, so Airwars has taken the number originally shared by the Indonesian Hospital of 280 injured civilians.

Israel Defense Forces statements on civilian harm

IDF spokesperson Lt Col Richard Hech acknowledged the Israeli strike had “destroyed a big chunk” of the Jabaliya camp. Hech declared that Israeli forces were aware that the area they targeted was an area where many civilians lived but refused to comment on any civilian casualties resulting from their actions. He justified the strike saying that their focus was on “a senior Hamas commander” who “sadly…was hiding again as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that’s all I can say at this point. (…)”.

Similarly, The Guardian reported that according to the IDF “some cavities seen in images of destroyed camp buildings were created by the collapse of tunnels that had been dug by Hamas, which [IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari] said chooses to put key military infrastructure below areas where many civilians gather.”

Military spokesman Jonathan Conricus quoted by AP News stated that the apartment buildings collapsed “only because the vast underground Hamas complex had been destroyed.” Similarly, AP News reported that “Brig. Gen. Daniel Hagari said an underground Hamas installation beneath a targeted building collapsed, toppling other nearby buildings. Conricus later said the main strike had hit between buildings. “We don’t intend for the ground to collapse,” he told reporters. “But the issue is that Hamas built their tunnels there and that they’re running their operations from there.”

Though the IDF did not confirm the exact numbers of civilian casualties, interviews conducted with IDF spokespeople indicate that Israeli forces have acknowledged civilian harm as a result of their strikes on Jabaliya camp. Airwars has therefore graded the civilian harm status of this incident as “confirmed”, and archived relevant excerpts from interviews in the ‘strike report’ section at the end of this assessment.

Combatant fatalities

The October 31st strike was reportedly intended to target Ibrahim Bari, described as a top commander of Hamas’s central Jabalia battalion, and a key commander during the deadly attack inside Israel on October 7th. Israeli forces believed that Biari had also been “leading fighting in northern Gaza from a network of tunnels under the camp,” according to The Guardian.

According to The Guardian, Daniel Hagari announced Biari’s death alongside “scores” of Hamas militants – without providing the total number of combatants killed. He added that the strike on the building Biari was in “led to the collapse of other things because there was a very extensive infrastructure there.”

@AvichayAdraee on Twitter/X released an IDF video in Arabic where Israeli forces claimed to have killed Hamas leader Ibrahim Al Bayari on October 31st in middle of Jabalia, alongside “many elite members” of Hamas. During a briefing (quoted by The Guardian), IDF spokesperson Hagari declared that “There are dozens of terrorists that have been killed with [Bayari], and the ‘metro’ underneath has collapsed, so it made this hole that you see in the area. We are dealing with terrorists that build the system of infrastructure of terror underneath the Jabalia refugee camp for a big reason. They want this picture of destruction.”

Hamas militants “strongly denied the presence of one of its leaders in the refugee camp” according to CNN, with AP adding that “Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem denied the military’s claim, saying it was trying to justify “its heinous crime” against civilians.”

With ambiguity around the exact number of militants killed, Airwars has applied a 12-24 combatant casualty range to account for comments such as ‘dozens’ of targets killed.

Munitions used

While a video of the moment of the bombing was released by IDF forces on social media, the IDF spokesperson reportedly refused to comment on the number of munitions used or their types or identify “which craters were caused by tunnel collapses” – indicating that Israel would provide information at a later stage, according to The Guardian.

The Guardian reported “at least five craters in the densely populated refugee camp, which weapons experts said were left by the use of multiple JDAMs – joint direct attack munitions – in the airstrike.” Former Pentagon munitions expert Marc Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the biggest crater at the site looked like a hit with a GBU-31.” “There are other bombs it could be. That one just fits best with all the evidence. The estimated crater is around 40 ft [12 metres]””.

A former United Nations weapons inspector Chris Cobb-Smith, told The Guardian, “The munition is almost certainly JDAM, either a GBU 31 (Warhead Mark 84) general purpose bomb or possibly a GBU 56 (Warhead BLU 109) bunker buster. Both about 2,000lb [900kg].”

According to The Guardian: “The GBU (guided bomb unit) is a precision-guided air-to-surface weapon system. It is part of the Israeli arsenal provided by the US and also manufactured by Israel under contract. These Boeing-manufactured GBUs use a tritotal, which is an explosive mix of TNT and aluminium powder, used commonly in air-dropped bombs. The Israeli air force recently posted images of dozens of GBU-31 being loaded on planes. “This fits our analysis. You can see the size of the bomb and guidance straps, which are the signature of the GBU-31,” added Garlasco.””

Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the type of munitions he believes were used would have met stated Israeli military goals of hitting underground tunnels, but also caused extensive damage above ground. If they are set to have a delayed detonation, which is one of three options on the bomb, they cause an earthquake-like phenomenon when they do explode. “JDAMs will burrow through the ground, and have a delayed detonation, causing the building to collapse on itself. This explains the extent of the damage,” he said. “Buildings also collapse due to the blast wave, not just tunnels”.

According to Bellingcat, on October 31, “Reports began to appear online about 2:30 pm local time (…) A Reuters live stream filming towards Jabalia and Gaza City appears to have captured a large explosion at approximately 2:24pm local time, consistent with the earliest reports of the strike on Jabalia.” This observation matched The Guardian’s findings, which noted that “The first online reports of Tuesday’s attack came at about 2.30pm local time. A Reuters live stream captured the moment of impact a few minutes earlier.” According to The Guardian, relying on Reuters video footage and other media content, the exact location of the strike was narrowed to buildings at the intersection of Al Mouhawel and Al Almey streets.

Note that at the time of publication of this assessment, the Ministry of Health had not yet released an update to the list of named fatalities originally published on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 14:30:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (21)

Abu Al Thib Abo Al Qoumsan أبو الذيب أبو القمصان
Adult male Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's father killed
Abu Anas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو أنس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Wasel Abo Al-Quoumsan واصل أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Mohannad Abo Al Qoumsan مهند أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Nabough Abo Al Qoumsan نبوغ أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Abrar Abo Al Qoumsan أبرار أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Umayya Abo Al Qoumsan أمية أبو القمصان
Adult female “Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan”'s sister killed
Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة ذيب أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Rahaf Abo Al Qoumsan رهف أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Layan Abo Al Qoumsan ليان أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Abdullah Abo Al Qoumsan عبدالله أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan محمد أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Aboud Abo Al Qoumsan عبود أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Iman Abo Al-Qoumsan أيمان أبو القمصان
Adult female Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's sister killed
Yamen Abo Al-Qoussan يامن أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Zain Abo Al-Qoussan زين أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Yazeed Abo Al-Qoussan يزيد أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan جميلة يوسف أبو القمصان
Adult female mother of Rami Ahjazi killed
Marwa Basil Abu Al-Qumsan مروة أبو القمصان
Adult female killed

Family members (12)

Abdul Salam Siraj عبد السلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's mother أم عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's wife زوجة عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
male killed
Another family member of Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
(source mentions all of his uncle's family were killed - no number provided) killed

Family members (10)

Fadi Khudair Ali فادي خضير علي
Adult male killed
Fadi Khudair Ali's wife زوجة فادي خضير علي
Adult female killed
Muhammad Khudair Ali محمد خضير علي
Adult male killed
Malak Khudair Ali ملاك خضير علي
Adult male killed
Khadra Jaber Ali خضرة جابر علي
Adult female killed
Ahmed Jaber Ali أحمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Zainab Jaber Ali زينب جابر علي
Child female Khadra's daughter killed
Muhammad Jaber Ali محمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Haidar Al-Daour حيدر الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed
Kanan Al-Daour كنان الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed

Family members (6)

Omar Mas’oud عمر مسعود
Adult male former prisoner - civilian status unclear killed
Donia Bashir دنيا البشر
Adult female killed
Son of Omar and Dunya
Child male killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed

Family members (9)

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan عمر مصطفى أبو سلطان
Adult male killed
Sahar Al-Hoor سحر الهور
Adult female Omar's wife killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult male Omar and Sahar's son killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's wife زوجة أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult female killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's daughter ابنة عمر أبو سلطان
Child female killed
Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan محمد عمر أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan عبدالله أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher killed
Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan محمود أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Shahd Abu Sultan شهد أبو سلطان
Child female Daughter of Omar and Saher killed

Family members (2)

Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani أحمد جمعة صالح ذياب الطناني
Child male killed
Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani محمود محمد صالح الطناني
Child male Ahmed's brother killed

Family members (5)

Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain أحمد أكرم أبو العمرين
Adult male killed
Reem Muhammad Al-Firi ريم محمد الفيري
Adult female Ahmed's wife killed
Rital Youssef Abu Al-Omrain ريتال يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child female Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Omrain عبدالكريم يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Omrain زاهر رمضان أبو العمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed

Family members (15)

Raed Ahmad Rayyan رائد أحمد ريان
Adult male killed
Hanna Rayyan هناء ريان
Adult female wife of Raed Rayyan "Abu Saedd" killed
Sa’ed Rayyan سائد ريان
Child male Hanna and Raed's son killed
Maher Rayyan ماهر ريان
Adult male Doctor killed
Anwar Rayyan أنوار ريان
Child female Hanna and Raed's daughter killed
Jannah Rayyan جنة ريان
Child female killed
Raed Sa’ed Rayyan رائد سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan هناء سائد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mahmoud Sa’ed Rayyan محمود سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Ghassan Mohammed Rayyan غسان محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Israa Mohammed Rayyan سراء محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan مجاهد محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Masa Mohammed Rayyan ماسة محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Iman Saed Abou Hamdan يمان سائد ابو حمدان
Age unknown female killed
Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan كرم عبدالكريم ريان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

Mahmoud Jabr Alyan محمود جبر عليان
Age unknown male killed
Youssef Muhammad Alyan يوسف محمد عليان
Age unknown male killed
Karim Majid Alyan كريم ماجد عليان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (26)

Rawnd Okasha روند عكاشة
Adult female killed
Bilal Okasha بلال عكاشة
Adult male Rawnd's husband killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Ziad Okasha زياد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Manal Al-Najjar منال النجار
Adult female Ziad's wife killed
Youssef Ziad Okasha يوسف زياد عكاشة
Child male Son of Ziad and Manal killed
Raed Okasha رائد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's wife
Adult female Raed's wife killed
Nael Okasha نائل عكاشة
Adult male killed
Islam Mohammed al Kafarna اسلام محمد الكفارنة
Adult female Nael's wife killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's wife
Adult female killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha ثائر نعيم عكاشة
Adult male killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha's relative
Age unknown killed
Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi. محمد فايز الزويدي
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Okasha محمد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Masa Okasha ماسة عكاشة
Child female Daughter of Mohammed killed
Rakan Okasha راكان عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed
Ameed, Okasha عميد عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed

Family members (2)

Kamal Hamad "Abu Diaa" كمال حمد
Adult male killed
Kamal Hamad's son
Child male killed

The victims were named as:

Jumaa Mohammed Al Sharawi جمعة محمد الشعراوي
Adult male killed

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention strikes on the Jabalia camp (مخيم جباليا). Satellite imagery shared by Christiaan Triebert (@trbrtc) shows the strike location at the following exact coordinates: 31.533320, 34.499070.

  • Imagery:
    @trbrtc

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 143
  • (69 children22 women28 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (107) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (152) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @alyredaa
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    Source: @WaheidiSaad
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @Jales_tinian2
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ali
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    Source: Mohammed Ali
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Um Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Raed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ra’ed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
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    Source: Ziad Alyan
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    Source: Baraa Samir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mais Al Reem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
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    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Abo Al Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah salama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Journalist Adel Za’rab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Statement
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Reuters
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @trbrtc
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    Source: @trbrtc
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: @UNHumanRights
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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

CNN Wolf Blitzer Interview w/ IDF Spokesperson Richard Hecht

WB
Back now to our breaking news here in the Middle East. A massive explosion at the largest refugee camp in Gaza. Joining us now is Lieutenant Colonel Richard Hecht. He's the international spokesperson for the Israel Defense Forces. Thanks so much for joining us. I want to ask you first about this massive blast that we all just saw. We saw the video at the Jabalya refugee camp in Gaza. Is there anything more you can, first of all, tell us about how this explosion happened?

RH
Hi Wolf. Thanks for having me. So we'll be coming out in the next hopefully hour with more data. But I can update you now that there was a very senior Hamas commander in that area. Sadly, he was hiding again, as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that's all I can say at this point. We're looking into it and we'll be coming out with more data as we learn what happened there.

WB
So can you confirm it was an Israeli attack that destroyed a big chunk of that Jabalya refugee camp?

RH
Yes, I can. We when we were focused on the target, a senior commander, Wolf, I will be updating you with more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But even if that Hamas commander was there, amidst all those Palestinian refugees who are in there in that Jabalya refugee camp, Israel still went ahead and dropped a bomb there attempting to kill this Hamas uh this Hamas commander. Knowing that a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children, presumably would be killed, is that what I'm hearing?

RH
That's not what you're hearing, Wolf. We again, we're focused on this commander, again, who you'll get more data who this man was, killed many, many Israelis. And we're doing everything we can. These are, it's a very complicated battle space. That could be infrastructure there. There could be tunnels there. And we're still looking into and we'll give you more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But you know that there are a lot of refugees, a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children in that refugee camp as well. Right?

RH
This is the tragedy of war, Wolf. I mean, we as you know, we've been saying for days, move south. If civilians are not involved with Hamas, please move south.

WB
I’m just trying to get a little bit more information. You knew there were civilians there.
You knew there were refugees, all sorts of refugees. But you decided to still drop a bomb on that refugee camp attempting to kill this Hamas commander. By the way, was he killed?

RH
I can't confirm yet. There will be more updated. Yes, we know that he was killed and about the civilians there, we're doing everything we can to minimize. I'll tell you, I'll say again, sadly, they are hiding themselves within the civilian population. And again, we are doing this stage by stage, and we're going to go after every one of these terrorists who was involved in that heinous attack on the 7th of October Wolf.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 143
  • (69 children22 women28 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (107) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0538

Incident date

October 24, 2023

Location

لمنزل عائلة العبادلة في منطقة القرارة, Al-Abadla family home in the Al-Qarara area, Gaza strip, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

At dawn on Tuesday, October 24, 2023, nine civilians were reportedly killed, including five children, three women and one man, and 10 others were injured, as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Al-Abadla family home in the Al-Qarar area, north of Khan Younis, in the central Gaza Strip. Many sources including Al-Buruj Al Buruj, Samarah Shihabi, @abbaschamsuddin and Thaer Alhasani post reported that 10 people had been killed and reported the names of the victims, one of whom was a militant.

The militant killed was identified as Muhammad Fayez al-Hassani (Abu Mohammed), a military commander in the Al-Quds Brigades – the military wing of the Palestinian Islamist organisation Palestinian Islamic Jihad. The civilians killed included his al-Hassani’s wife, 29-year-old Zahraa Hazem al-Abadla, and their daughters – 8-year-old Batoul Muhammad Fayez al-Hassani and 1-year-old Yara Muhammad Fayez al-Hassani. The two sisters of Muhammad Fayez al-Hassani were also reportedly killed, 19-year-old Rand Fayez al-Hassani and 25-year-old Rawand Fayez al-Hassani, along with Rawand Fayez al-Hassani’s family, including her husband Muhammad al-Atl (possibly aged 31), their two sons four-year-old Hammam Muhammad al-Atl and Aws Muhammad al-Atl, who was an infant less than a year old, and their two-year-old daughter Ward Muhammad al-Atl.

A relative of Zahraa’s called Afaf Khalid Alagha reported that three individuals referred to as “Omar, Ahmed and their uncle” were injured in the incident. Based on this description, Omar and Ahmed were assumed to be children by Airwars. This will be updated if more details come to light regarding their age.

Rafah Service reported that 10 victims were transported to Nasser Hospital. Multiple other sources also reported that 10 victims had been recovered but missing people continued to be searched for under the rubble of the destroyed house.

Friends and relatives posted heartfelt tributes to the victims on social media, alongside images of them from before the incident. Mohammad al-Attar al-Obodi, in a tribute post on Facebook, reported that Mohammed Fayez al-Hassani was a journalist. Many posts mourned two-year-old Ward, including images of the smiling toddler and remembering her birthday several months prior, full of “moments of joy.”

The house reportedly belonged to Hazem al-Abadla, also known as Abu Mohammed.

@AMIRA_DAH posted images on Twitter/X reportedly showing the destruction of the house of the al-Abadla family, and stated that 10 civilians had been injured to varying degrees while the Palestinian Press Agency reported “no injuries”. Al-Qarara Pulse posted images on Facebook showing civilians, Civil Defense and medical personnel removing victims from the sandy rubble and carrying them into an ambulance.

The names of all identified victims have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26, 2023.

When sources identified a belligerent, they attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Zahraa Hazem Abd al-Abadla زهراء حازم عبد العبادلة
29 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 400221586
Batoul Muhammad Fayez al-Hassani بتول محمد فايز الحسني
8 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 436071260
Yara Muhammad Fayez al-Hassani يارا محمد فايز الحسني
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445653660
Rand Fayez al-Hassani رند فايز الحسني
19 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 420396582
Rawand Fayez al-Hassani روند فايز الحسني
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 404312787
Muhammad al-Atll محمد العطل
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803898311
Hammam Muhammad Hussein al-Atl همام محمد حسين العطل
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 442274007
Aws Muhammad Hussein al-Atl أوس محمد حسين العطل
0.6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444370084
Ward Muhammad Hussein al-Atl ورد محمد حسين العطل
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 442867750

Family members (3)

Omar عمر
Age unknown male injured
Ahmed أحمد
Age unknown male injured
Uncle of Omar and Ahmed (Unnamed) عم عمر وأحمد
Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (5 children3 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AMIRA_DAH
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
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    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
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    Source: Al-Qarara Pulse
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    Source: Ahmed Abdallah
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    Source: Samarah Shihabi
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    Source: Samarah Shihabi
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    Source: Samarah Shihabi
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    Source: Samarah Shihabi
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    Source: @abbaschamsuddin
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    Source: Mohammad Al-Attar Al-Obodi
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    Source: Ibraheem Jawad
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    Source: Mona Allah
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    Source: Aya Faaour
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    Source: Nour Z Thabet
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    Source: Ali Alarabi Al-Ahwazi
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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (5 children3 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0394

Incident date

October 19–20, 2023

Location

عائلة عليوة في حي الزيتون, Eliwa Family House in the Al-Zaytoun neighbourhood, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On either late October 19th or the early hours of October 20th, between 14 and 28 people were killed and others were injured when the house of the Eliwa family, in the Al-Zaytoun neighbourhood, south of Gaza City was bombed in an alleged Israeli airstrike.

Palinfo reported that people were killed and injured and that “homes, roads and a prayer hall” were bombed in the vicinity of Street 8 in Al-Zaytoun neighborhood. Al Arabiya reported in a post on Twitter/X that a church was also bombed.

Eight civilian victims were identified by name. Three victims were reportedly killed alongside their families and children – in line with Airwars’ methodology, the minimum number of civilians killed has therefore been recorded as 14. A family member, Hazem Eliwa, reported that 22 victims had been killed. A witness in a video posted by Al-Arabiya reported that 28 bodies had been recovered from the site and more remained buried under the rubble. A tweet from @palestineultra also identified other “wounded” individuals as a result from the strike but did not provide an exact toll.

Samir Kanaan shared a post, mourning the loss of his family and friends: 52-year-old Nidal Masoud Hameed Eliwa (also known as Abu Hamed) and his family, Abu Amer and his family, the wife of Mustafa and their children, as well as the wife of Mohammed Saleem and the son of Ahmed Saleem.

The Zaytoun Group identified 52-year-old Taysir Musa Ibrahim Ishteiwi (also known as Abu Hamza) and his wife as further casualties in the incident.

In a message of grief on Facebook, Mostafa al-Shahmi reported that his cousin Walid Omar Shaaba had passed away and posted a picture of Walid from when he was alive.

Ola Khabbas mourned the death of another victim, Muhammed Shaana (Abu Hamed) in a tribute to him, which stated, “You were our hope… the pearl of our dreams…” In another post, Ola said, “You left us, but your spirit lives in our hearts and all our souls.” Images posted by Ola in a slideshow showed Muhammed Shaana carrying a weapon and wearing uniform. The slideshow included images of a flag of the militant Palestinian Islamic Jihad group in a cemetery. Airwars has therefore classified Muhammed Shaana as a militant.

In a video posted by Al-Arabiya on Twitter, civilians interviewed at the scene said that a mosque and church with women and children inside had been hit and that 28 bodies had already been recovered. Video footage showed civilians digging through rubble in a large crater, searching for victims. The minaret of a mosque and a church spire can be seen in the background.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Where possible, names have been reconciled with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities published on October 26, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Nidal Masoud Hameed Eliwa نضال مسعود حامد عليوه
52 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 925720237
Family of Nidal Masoud Hameed Eliwa عائلة نضال مسعود حامد عليوه
killed
Family of Nidal Masoud Hameed Eliwa عائلة نضال مسعود حامد عليوه
killed

Family members (3)

Abu Amer ابو عامر
Adult male killed
Family of Abu Amer عائلته ابو عامر
killed
Family of Abu Amer عائلته ابو عامر
killed

Family members (3)

wife of Mustafa زوجة مصطفى
Adult female killed
Child of Mustafa and his wife طفل مصطفى
Child killed
Child of Mustafa and his wife طفل مصطفى
Child killed

Family members (2)

Taysir Musa Ibrahim Ishteiwi تيسير موسى ابراهيم اشتيوي
59 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 901975359
Wife of Taysir Musa Ibrahim Ishteiwi زوجة تيسير موسى ابراهيم اشتيوي
Adult female killed

The victims were named as:

wife of Mohammed Saleem زوجة محمد سليم
Adult female killed
Son of Ahmed Saleem ابن احمد سليم
Age unknown male killed
Walid Omar Shaaba وليد عمر شعبه
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 28
  • (3 children3 women4–5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 28
  • (3 children3 women4–5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0372

Incident date

October 19, 2023

Location

محيط كنيسة القديس برفيريوس, Vicinity of Saint Porphyrius Church, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.503694, 34.462428 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 19th 2023, at around 8:30 pm, a declared Israeli strike hit a building adjacent to the centuries-old Greek Orthodox St. Porphyrius Church on Omar Al-Mukhtar Street, in Gaza city. The blast destroyed parts of the church complex where hundreds of displaced civilians were reportedly taking shelter.

Airwars identified the names of at least 23 civilians killed, including ten children, eight women and five men across three families. Sources reported at least 18 more civilians were injured, though by some accounts there were ‘dozens’ of wounded civilians, and potentially hundreds more under the rubble.

The three families identified with multiple civilian casualties were the Al-Amash family, Al-Souri family and Al-Tarazi family. The Higher Presidential Committee of Churches Affairs in Palestine (HCC) described scenes with “entire families whose names were erased from civil records, children whose body parts were found under the rubble, and a girl no more than 4 months old who was found martyred in the arms of her grandmother who was also martyred.”

Sources described St. Porphyrius Church as the oldest church in Gaza, and potentially of the oldest churches in the world. According to HCC, “the original building dates back to the year 425 AD, and it was renovated in 1856.”

On Twitter/X, @AvichayAdraee, the IDF Spokesperson, declared that Israeli forces intended to strike a target adjacent to the church, allegedly used as a Hamas command center. The said statement read: “The IDF can unequivocally state that the church was not the target of this raid”. Another Israeli forces statement quoted by Al Jazeera further highlighted that as a result of the strike, “a wall of a church in the area was damaged,” and that the IDF were “aware of reports on casualties” and that “the incident is under review.” As the IDF did not officially acknowledge any civilian harm as a result of the bombing, the civilian harm status of this incident has been graded as “fair” by Airwars, and not “confirmed”.

The Holy Orthodox Foundation of Saint George, quoted by @ytirawi on Twitter/X, claimed that Israeli forces targeted “the hall of the church with four missiles”, while The Guardian reported that “a missile brought down part of the complex”. Ibrahim Al-Souri, a survivor, interviewed by Al-Jazeera, told the media that “two raids” hit the building.

Victims identified

Local sources, religious authorities such as The Church of Holy Land,  and relatives of victims on social media provided obituaries and published lists of names of victims either killed or injured, alongside pictures of them. Members of at least three family units, Al-Amsh family, Al-Souri family and Al-Tarazi family were identified by local sources. Justin Amash, on Twitter/X a relative of the Al-Amash family, said the bombing “killed multiple members of three connected Orthodox Christian families, who are my relatives. They are my dad’s first cousins and their spouses, children, and in-laws. May their memories be eternal.”

Based on these sources, Airwars identified the names of at least 23 victims killed, including eight women, ten children and five men, and one woman, one child and one man injured, as the following:

The Al-Amash family

Yara Grace Al-Amash (Al-Amsh) was reportedly killed alongside her daughter Juliet Sobhi Al-Souri (Al-Suri, Al-Suwari) and her son, a baby identified as George Sobhi Al-Souri. A relative of Yara, @justinamash, posted a picture of an infant, identified as George, covered in dust, with his eyes closed, being pulled out from the rubble, carried by a man. @justinamash said “This is my second cousin George being pulled from the rubble at Saint Porphyrius Orthodox Church in Gaza. This beautiful baby committed no crimes, harmed no person. May his memory be eternal.” At the funerals held the next day, one woman showed a picture of an infant to the cameraman in a video published by @TRTArabic, saying “this is George, everyone, this is George” while another voice can be heard saying “Where is the little boy?”.

Yara was described as the wife of Sobhi Al-Souri, who, according to HCC, was wounded in the same attack and transferred to the hospital to be treated for a foot injury. The same source said that “as a result of the lack of medical resources and the lack of appropriate treatment, the doctors expect that there will be a need to amputate one of his feet.”

Local sources reported the deaths of  Marwan Salim Tarazi, his wife Nahid Tarazi, and their granddaughter, the infant Joelle Attala Al-Amsh. Joelle Attala Al-Amash is likely the daughter of Attala Al-Amash. 4 month-old Samaa Al-Amash was also reportedly killed. She was described as the daughter of Attala Al-Amash and his wife Miral. According to HCC, Miral also lost both her mother and father in the bombing – their names were not provided by the source. Miral’s family name, which could not be found, could presumably be Tarazi, and her parents are likely to be Marwan Salim Tarazi and his wife Nahid Tarazi, as these civilians have been described as Joelle’s grandparents.

Sources further identified Grace Issa Al-Amash as one of those killed.

The Al-Souri family (also referred to as Al Suwari)

Tariq Sami Al-Souri was reportedly killed with his wife Lisa Walid Al-Souri, and their son Issa Tariq Al-Souri.

Ghada Al-Souri was also counted as one of the killed victims, alongside her children – 15 year-old Suhail Ramez Al-Souri, 7 year-old Majd Ramez Al-Souri, and 9 year-old Julie Ramez Al-Souri. According to local sources, Ghada was married to 45 year-old Ramez Al-Souri. PBS interviewed Ramez who explained that strikes scared his child Majd, and that his son “missed playing soccer with his school friends. [Majd] was devastated that the war had canceled his Christian family’s … trip to Nazareth, “Baba, where can we go?” Majd asked again and again when airstrikes roared”. Souri told PBS that Majd calmed down when they arrived at the church to take shelter. PBS reported: “They prayed and sang. (…) Majd was found beneath the rubble with his hands around his mother’s neck. His face was completely burned. “My children just wanted peace and stability,” said Souri, his voice cracking. “All I cared about was that they were happy.””

HCC similarly explained that Ramez lost his three children, and described his farewell message: “My daughter was [as beautiful as] the moon, it was crazy. They killed her.” An elderly woman, whose name was not provided, presumably Ramez’s mother, can be seen crying in despair in a video published by @ajmubasher, saying “The loves of my heart, the children of my son, all of them are dead! Ask God to have mercy on them! How could I want to go home? How can I come back without them? Where could I want to go? I can’t see our home again, I don’t want to go home! They bury me with them, bury me with them!” Farida.tarazi posted an obituary which read “With hearts filled with pain, we mourn the children of my dear nephew Ramez with the martyrdom of all three of his children in the bombing that targeted the church” alongside a picture of three children side by side, smiling.

Ramez also lost “his cousins and their wives from the Al-Amash family” according to HCC, though their names were not provided by the source. As Airwars identified members of Al-Amash family killed but cannot be sure these victims were included, two men and two women were counted as a minimum in Airwars’s maximum casualty estimate to account for them.

Abdel Nour Sami Al-Souri was killed with his wife Viola Grace Al-Amsh, and their infant daughter Alia Abdelnour Al-Souri. Yousef.alashqer said on Facebook that the whole family was killed, and that  “Abdel Nour was named in the latest coordination list, and he was not able to travel like any other people, and we agreed to go out together if the opportunity allowed.” This presumably is a reference to the official list for those permitted to leave the Gaza Strip through the Rafah crossing into Egypt.

HCC added that Abdelnour had “recently completed his master’s studies and his martyr wife wrote, “I wish you continued success and hope for a doctorate.” Viola has been described as a relative of Yara (also killed, see mention above) in an obituary posted by @justinamashm.

The Tarazi family

Dr Suleiman Jamil Tarazi, a 35 year-old dentist was also killed, while his wife Lili and their son, a three year-old Jad, were both reportedly injured. According to HCC, “the last person to be found was the dentist, Suleiman Tarazi, and his wife was unable to say goodbye to him due to a very serious injury to her spine, and his children were not able to say goodbye to him due their state of panic.”

Rana Mourtaja, a friend of Al-Tarazi family, said Lili was in “intensive care suffering from various fractures in her body”, while Jad was being treated as he sustained “multiple fractures” . She described Lili as her childhood friend. Rana wrote: “[Lili’s] small family consists of four people, her husband, Suleiman, and Jamil, her eldest son, born in April 2017, and Jad, born in July 2019. (…) Language has not helped me since day one. I cannot formulate a single sentence to console any of my friends. May God have mercy on Suleiman, give patience to the entire family, heal Lili and her son, and hasten their relief. How do all these horrors cram into one geographical spot called Gaza? How do I formulate a phrase in which I console my old friend with the tragedy of her life? How will Jamil and Jad understand that daddy was shrouded, mercifully wrapped and buried deep in the ground?”. @OsaidesserMD said that Suleiman’s wife and children were critically injured but the medical condition of Jamil, their second son, was unclear.

Dr Suleiman Tarazi was also mourned by Nadia Abu Nahla, who published a message on Facebook: “Goodbye, Suleiman. Goodbye, our hearts are aching. May God have mercy on you, martyrs of the Church of Saint Porphyrius”.

According to Rana Abo Farha, other members of Suleiman’s family were also killed including Elaine Helmi Tarazi. Muntaser Tarzi announced Elaine’s death on Facebook, saying she worked as the “director of several public schools”. She was described as an “excellent educator” by Nadine.shaheen, and as working as a nanny for Al Tarazi family by HCC.

On November 27th, William.tarazi posted an obituary, announcing that the elderly woman Eva Salim Musa Tarazi succumbed to wounds sustained in the bombing of the church.

Two other victims killed were identified as the child, Christine Al-Turk (killed), and Nasseem Saba.

Washington Post quoting The Order of St. George indicated that the “Archbishop Alexios appears to have been located and is alive, but we don’t know if he is injured.” No other information could be found on him.

Unnamed victims

As in many incidents of civilian harm, not all victims were named by sources.

@Kahlissee on social media said that “a married couple and their newborn daughter were among 18 Palestinians killed when Israel bombed Gaza’s oldest church.” This source could refer to the deaths of Abdel Nour, Viola Al-Amash and Alia (see above – Al-Amash family).

@hms____1 posted on Twitter/X a video of a woman with a head injury. Her name was not provided. @RTarabic and @skynewsarabia published a video of an elderly woman described as having “special needs” who was rescued from the rubble of the church – she was not identified by the source. @AlahdathArabian published two pictures of injured children being held by rescuers, without providing further details on the kids. One survivor quoted by Al-Jazeera, told the media ““One lady is waiting for her three kids to be pulled out of the rubble, It’s something you can’t really imagine, you can’t really explain.” Neither the names of the children nor their condition were indicated by the source.

Civilians under the rubble

Various local and international sources recorded a number of civilians trapped under the rubble, with The Guardian of the Greek Orthodox Church, quoted by @SupportProphetM estimating their number at “more than 200”. Local reporting also described ongoing rescue efforts following the attack. One member of the rescue team stated during a video released by @ajmubasher that there was no sufficient equipment that could support in pulling out the bodies.

HCC narrated the scene: “the search for bodies and survivors” was conducted “in the dark of the night due to the deliberate power outage by the Israeli occupation in all of the Gaza Strip. The residents, the clergy, the fathers, the priests, and the monastery and Church officials had no choice but to search the remains of the victims in the lights of mobile phones. Their voices rose, calling for those who thought they were still alive under the rubble. This person called out, “Oh Suleiman,” and a grandmother called out, “Tata, if you hear me, answer me.” And a grieving mother crying and screaming in the name of her daughter, who was not more than 4 months old. .” The Guardian further explained that “Dozens of men searched the collapsed building into the night, looking for survivors – and for bodies to retrieve the next day.”

Overall death toll estimates

Sources provided various estimates regarding the number of civilians who were taking shelter inside the Church complex at the moment of the attack. These estimates ranged between a 100 to 500, with The Supreme Presidential Committee for Follow-up of Church Affairs in Palestine providing the highest estimate. One survivor, Ibrahim Al-Souri, quoted by Al Jazeera, said that these were mostly “children, women, elderly and sick people”. As the Church is a complex of multiple buildings, most sources reporting on those sheltering did not specify how many of them were in the building that was hit by the bombing.

While early reports of exact casualty numbers were challenged by the scale and nature of the incident, there was consensus among sources that this was a mass casualty event, with reports by the following afternoon from Church officials putting the death toll at least at 18 civilians and “several” children, as reported on by Al Jazeera. After identifying additional names through social media, Airwars has however raised this minimum death toll to 23 civilians.

Pictures of injured civilians were released on social media by multiple sources, while @SARASMAYRA1 on Twitter/X published images of victims at the hospital. @mrowesna123 suggested that nuns could be among those wounded but no other sources provided further details to corroborate this.

Two other sources gave higher estimates of the death toll: the Holy Orthodox Foundation of Saint George, quoted by @ytirawi, affirmed that Israeli forces bombing led to 150 estimated “martyrs” while only one source, @ElmadhonHosam said that the number of victims exceeded 400 injured and killed.

On October 20th, The Guardian said that among the victims killed were “four tiny children”, while @Lolwah_Alkhater put the number of children killed at seven, and @zoo_bear at eight. Relying on local and social media sources, Airwars recorded the names of at least ten children killed from the three different family units outlined above. Palestinian resident, Ibrahim Jahsan, interviewed by Al-Jazeera, told the media that the kids who survived the attack were all “traumatised”, adding that “No words can describe what we are going through.”

According to several sources, including @AJArabic and @TRTArabiv, and the Guardian, mass funerals of victims were held the next day in the courtyard of St. Porphyrius Church. Many Muslims and Christians attended the ceremony,  @TRTArabic reported. A video recorded by the source showed heartbroken relatives of children killed holding phones to show pictures of them to the camera.  @AJA_Palestine also published a video covering the ceremony.

Airwars will update our casualty range should further information come to light.

Destruction of the Church complex

Multiple local and international sources reported that the strike led to the complete destruction of the headquarters of the council of the church. The building was also referred to as the “Church Stewards Council” by the Palestinian News and Press Agency, quoted by Anadolu Agency. The building was described as a two-storey building part of the church’s compound. HCC further explained that the Council was “one of the abandoned houses adjacent to the church”. A rescuer told Reuters that the civilians sheltering in the lower floor of the building were crushed to death, buried under the rubble, while two civilians sheltered on the upper floors survived.

Al Jazeera described scenes of shock and disbelief from the survivors following the attack: “a number of members of the Greek Orthodox [religion] who survived the bombing appeared sitting next to the church in a dazed state, waiting for the remaining bodies of the victims to be removed from under the rubble.”

Father Issa Musleh, interviewed by Al Jazeera, said “People there – Muslims and Christians – they thought they’d be safe inside the [church] building – Because it’s a church, they didn’t think it would be bombed by Israel.” The church had been previously used as a sanctuary, with both Muslims and Christians taking shelter in its buildings during former Israeli military campaigns, the same media noted.

HCC added that the blast also led to the complete destruction of the church “entrances”. A statement by the Order of St. George, quoted in The Washington Post, claimed that two halls, which were areas where refugees, including “children and babies” were sleeping, were destroyed by the blast. Justin Amash on Twitter/X, a relative of several victims of the attack, said that while the sanctuary had not been destroyed from the strike, “the church annex, which includes offices and meeting spaces for the Christian community” collapsed following the attack.

Additionally, according to HCC, the attack destroyed “all the warehouses in which the church stored water, food, grains and canned food”.

The New York Times explained that the church is composed of “a chapel, seven buildings and a courtyard”. Only two sources, a man interviewed by @ajmubasher and a resident, Maher Ayyad, interviewed by Washington Post, reported that around a hundred civilians were in the bombed building. Maher Ayyad further explained to the Washington Post that “around 400 displaced civilians, mainly Christians, were taking shelter in the entire complex.” Similar estimates were provided by HCC which stated that 382 Palestinian Christians were taking refuge, spread inside the various buildings constituting of the church: “Christian families were distributed among all the different church facilities, including facilities that included Sunday schools, halls adjacent to the church, or the headquarters of the Council of Deputies, which was a place that was destroyed along with those in it.”

@ShehabAgency reported that among the victims were displaced Palestinian Christian civilians who had taken refuge in the church. According to a man interviewed by @ajmubasher, the Palestinian Christians in Gaza who were displaced and took shelter in that church constituted half of the Christian population in Gaza. @AlarabyTV correspondent stated that  those forcibly displaced came from Zaytoun neighborhood in Gaza, an area that that Israeli forces asked to be evacuated.

According to HCC, “the church was notified more than three times to evacuate the survivors towards the south” – though the source did not indicate when the warnings were sent to the church. However, @AJArabic recorded an eyewitness who claimed that no prior warning was given before the strike.

One survivor told Al Jazeera said that he had decided to stay in the church with his relatives, despite the risks: “We were baptised here, and we will die here.” The Washington Post interviewed a Palestinian American living in the US, with relatives and friends who were sheltering inside the church, who told the media: “They’re terrified. They’re shaken. They don’t know what to do, and they don’t know where else to go.”

The Patriachate reportedly condemned the attack but stated that the church was committed to continue offering “shelter to the displaced” in Gaza city, despite evacuation orders. The Washington Post alleged that  “Around 500 other Christians” relocated to the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate School in Gaza City.

HCC recorded the attack at around 8:30pm.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names, ID numbers and ages released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 8:30 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Yara Grace Al-Amsh يارا العمش
23 years old female wife of Sobhi Al-Souri killed Matched to MoH ID 405957218
Juliet Sobhi Al-Souri جوليت صبحي الصوري
1 years old female Yara's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 445846819
George Sobhi Al-Souri جورج صبحي الصزري
0.6 years old male Yara's son killed Matched to MoH ID 445239171
Sobhi Al-Souri صبحي الصوري
Adult male injured
Samaa Al-Amash سما العمش
0.4 years old female daughter of Miral and Atallah killed
Grace Issa Al-Amash جريس عيسى العمش
Adult female killed

Family members (10)

Tariq Sami Al-Souri طارق الصوري
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801483959
Lisa Walid Souri ليزا الصوري
32 years old female Tariq's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 803689009
Issa Tariq Al-Suri عيسى الصوري
12 years old male Tariq and Lisa's son killed Matched to MoH ID 432257384
Ghada Al-Souri غادة الصوري
Adult female wife of Ramez Al-Souri killed
Suhail Ramez Al-Souri سهيل رامز الصوري
14 years old male Ramez and Ghada's child killed Matched to MoH ID 427456660
Majd Ramez Al-Souri ماجد رامز الصوري
7 years old male Ramez and Ghada's child killed Matched to MoH ID 433213493
Julie Ramez Al-Suri جويل رامز الصوري
9 years old female Ramez and Ghada's child killed Matched to MoH ID 431576370
Abdel Nour Sami Al-Souri  عبدالنور الصوري
Adult male killed Matched to MoH ID 803471143
Viola Al-Amsh  فيولا العمش
26 years old female Abdel Nour's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 403253248
Alia Abdelnour Al-Souri علياء الصوري
0.6 years old female Abdel Nour and Viola's child killed Matched to MoH ID 444170781

Family members (8)

Marwan Salim Tarazi مروان ترزي
64 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 922295985
Nahid Rahuf Musa Tarazi ناهد ترزي
60 years old female Marwan's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 922296090
Joelle Attala Al-Amash جويل عطالله العمش
0.6 years old female Marwan and Nahid's granddaughter killed Matched to MoH ID 444370142
Dr Suleiman Jamil Tarazi سليمان ترزي
35 years old male killed
Lily Saba ليلي سابا
Adult female Suleiman's wife injured
Jad Tarazi جاد ترزي
Child male Suleiman and lily's son injured
Elaine Helmi Tarazi الينا ترزي
Adult female killed
Eva Salim Musa Tarazi ايفا سليم موسى ترزي
Adult female killed

The victims were named as:

Christine Al-Turk كريسين الترك
Child female killed
Nassem Saba نسيم سابا
Age unknown male killed

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Saint Porphyrius Church (كنيسة القديس برفيريوس) in Gaza city (غَزَّة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.503694, 34.462428.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.462428,31.503694],"type":"Point"}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"A","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"coordinates":[[[34.46255774352747,31.50374775003172],[34.46259694325809,31.503716803799364],[34.46263323930543,31.50376260421973],[34.46259258773151,31.50378488549657],[34.46255774352747,31.50374775003172]]],"type":"Polygon"}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"B","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"coordinates":[[[34.46228072646571,31.5040197047544],[34.462201243877956,31.5039049154596],[34.46225801715454,31.503880021376787],[34.46233425555471,31.503997576708556],[34.46228072646571,31.5040197047544]]],"type":"Polygon"}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"C","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"coordinates":[[[34.462475377720864,31.50400310872675],[34.462475377720864,31.50395055459991],[34.46253377309168,31.50395055459991],[34.46253377309168,31.50400310872675],[34.462475377720864,31.50400310872675]]],"type":"Polygon"}}]}
  • Imagery:
    @pmofa

  • Imagery:
    @WLbir

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 27
  • (10 children8–10 women5–7 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education,Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (77) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (101) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mrowesna123
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Sprinter00000
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ElmadhonHosam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlahdathArabian
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlahdathArabian
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @SupportProphetM
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Monir_Wasfy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Monir_Wasfy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Monir_Wasfy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOI palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HCC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AydaNews
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @pmofa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Churchof Holy Land
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadia Abu Nahla
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadine.shaheen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadine.shaheen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rana Abo Farha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wadie Abunassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Farida.tarazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muntaser Tarzi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arab Orthodox Scout of Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: William.tarazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamashm
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Guardian News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Reuters News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @justinamash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Lolwah_Alkhater
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Lolwah_Alkhater
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: October 20th, 2023@Dr_Atshan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zoo_bear
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zoo_bear
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @therapisthammam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @therapisthammam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OsaidesserMD
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Statement regarding the raid that targeted an area close to the Greek Orthodox Church in Gaza:

Yesterday in the Zaytoun area, IDF warplanes targeted the command and control center of a Hamas terrorist involved in firing rockets and mortar shells towards Israel.

This command center was used to launch attacks on Israel and included infrastructure belonging to the Hamas terrorist organization.

Any damage resulting from the Israeli raid is collateral damage and was not intended by the Israeli operation.

*The IDF can unequivocally state that the church was not the target of this raid*

Hamas intentionally places its operational facilities in areas populated by civilians, exploiting the residents of the Gaza Strip as human shields.

In order to reduce the damage to civilians, the IDF sent a request to the residents of the northern area of the Gaza Strip to evacuate the northern area and head south beyond the Gaza Valley.

The IDF continues to call on residents of the northern Gaza area to evacuate the area in accordance with the army’s instructions.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 27
  • (10 children8–10 women5–7 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education,Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (77) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0364

Incident date

October 19, 2023

Location

حي الشيخ رضوان شمال مدينة غزة, Muheisan house, the Abu Iskandar area of Sheikh Radwan neighbourhood, central Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On Thursday, October 19th, 2023, a declared Israeli airstrike on the Muhaisen family home located in the Abu Iskandar area of Sheikh Radwan neighbourhood, central Gaza City, killed 19 members of the Muhaisen family including Major General Jihad Abd Suleiman Muhaisen, commander of the Hamas-run Palestinian National Security Forces in Gaza. 18 of his family members,  were also killed – among them at least six women and nine children. Muhaisen has been categorised as a militant but the other 18 victims were all reported to be civilians,

A statement from the Israeli military declared the strike, describing Muhaisan as “Head of National Security of Hamas” and labelling him a “key terrorist operative.”

The airstrike reduced the home to rubble, and civilian volunteers were reported to have recovered a number of people from the wreckage. Photos posted by one of the family’s relatives, Jamil Muhaisen, and another Facebook user, Khaled Alhamarnh, indicate that the strike killed young children.

The death of the 53-year-old Jihad Abd Suleiman Muhaisen was confirmed by the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of the Hamas movement – as reported by Alghad News. In the images of the late Jihad Muhaisen shared by Atef Abdulghani, Ahmad Arafat and Menara FM, he is seen as a middle-aged bearded man in a military uniform and a green beret.

Family relative Jamil Muheisen posted a list of the civilian members of the Muhaisen family killed in the incident. He added a picture of the late Jihad Muhaisen and some other members of the family killed. Among the victims killed were a one-year-old infant Jihad Abdul Rahman Muhaisen and eight other children under the age of 18, in particular, Ayaa Abdul Rahman Muhaisen, a nine-year-old boy Moaz Jihad Abdul Muhaisen, a six-year-old boy Muhammad Muhammad Muhaisen, a 10-year-old girl Sama Ahmed Muhaisen, a 15-year-old girl  Aya Ahmed Hassan Muheisen, a 14-year old boy Zakaria Imad Abdel Muhaisen, and two 17-year old boys, Yahya Imad Abdel Muhaisen and Musab Jihad Abdel Muhaisen.

The attack took the lives of at least six women, including Intisar Jihad Muhaisen (24), Sanaa Abd Suleiman Muheisen (57), Rania Yahya Saeed Muhaisen (44),  Intisar Muhammad Ahmed Muhaisen (75), Abeer Sufyan Durwish Muhaisen (31), and Yumama Ahmed Muhammad Muhaisen (45).

Among the victims killed were also 19-year old Youssef Imad Abdel Muhaisen, Abdul Rahman Jihad Muhaisen (23, likely the father of Jihad and Ayaa Abdul Rahman based on his name) and Imad Abd Muheisen (41). Bahaa Moheisen wrote a Facebook tribute to his uncle Imad Muhaisen, saying that in his death, his uncle, “hurt our hearts,” adding a picture of the middle-aged man with a grey beard and a kind smile.

Latifa Ahmad Albatran, the niece of Jihad’s mother Umm Jihad Muhaisen (possibly corresponding to 75-year-old Intisar Muhammad Ahmed Muhaisen in the list of victims),  wrote that the strike killed her “beloved” aunt, along with her children and grandchildren. She added an image of an elderly woman in a white jihab on the backdrop of the sacred stone Kaaba.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Israel Defense Forces mentioned Jihad Muheisan among “Key Hamas Terrorist Operatives Eliminated by the IDF and ISA” on their official website. Therefore, Airwars has graded the strike status as declared. However, the IDF has not acknowledged civilian harm resulting from the incident.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (18)

Abdul Rahman Jihad Muhaisen عبدالرحمن جهاد محيسن
23 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407692870
Jihad Abdul Rahman Jihad Muhaisen جهاد عبدالرحمن محيسن
1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 445503931
Ayaa Abdul Rahman Muhaisen اية عبدالرحمن محيسن
Child female killed
Intisar Jihad Abdul Muhaisen انتصار جهاد محيسن
24 years old female Matched to MoH ID 404568727
Moaz Jihad Abdul Muhaisen معاذ جهاد محيسن
9 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434023537
Sanaa Abd Suleiman Muheisen سناء عبد محيسن
57 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 921165130
Imad Abd Muheisen عماد عبد محيسن
41 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 909087934
Rania Yahya Saeed Muhaisen رانية يحيى محيسن
44 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 410152722
Intisar Muhammad Ahmed Muhaisen انتصار محمد محيسن
75 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 921165122
Youssef Imad Abdel Muhaisen يوسف عماد محيسن
19 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 420438665
Abeer Sufyan Durwish Muhaisen عبير سفيان محيسن
31 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803457332
Musab Jihad Abdel Muhaisen مصعب جهاد محيسن
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422568022
Zakaria Imad Abdel Muhaisen زكريا عماد محيسن
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429023328
Muhammad Muhammad Muhaisen محمد محمد محيسن
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 439059635
Yumama Ahmed Muhammad Muhaisen يمامة احمد محيسن
45 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900657362
Yahya Imad Abdel Muhaisen يحيى عماد محيسن
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422568014
Aya Ahmed Hassan Muheisen اية احمد محيسن
15 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 426379772
Sama Ahmed Hassa Muhaisen سما احمد محيسن
10 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434366688

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (9 children6 women3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Atef Abdulghani facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Arafat facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Menara FM facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Latifa Ahmad Albatran facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Latifa Ahmad Albatran facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Alhamarnh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Alhamarnh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Alhamarnh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Alhamarnh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jamil Muheisen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baath brigades party Syria facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baath brigades party Syria facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baath brigades party Syria facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baath brigades party Syria facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baath brigades party Syria facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bahaa Moheisen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Eliminated: Key Terrorist Operatives Eliminated by the IDF and ISA

Please Note: this is a list of KEY operatives who's elimination has been permitted for publication. Thousands of terrorists belonging to Hamas, Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad and additional terrorist groups have been eliminated throughout the war who might not appear on this list.

Jihad Muheisan
Head of National Security of Hamas

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (9 children6 women3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0293

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

الشيخ رضوان, Sheikh Radwan, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.536752, 34.465399 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Tuesday, October 17th, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Haniyeh family house located in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in Gaza City resulted in the death of at least 14 members of the Haniyeh family, while a large number of family members sustained moderate injuries, according to Gaza Now Facebook post.

Many of those killed were relatives of Ismail Haniyeh, the head of the Hamas political bureau in the Gaza Strip, though reports indicate he was not harmed in the attack. Hamas officials did not comment on his status.

The condolence messages in the social media helped to identify four family members killed in the deadly attack on the house reportedly belonging to Ismail Haniyeh’s brother. The bombardment killed Ismail Haniyeh’s son Dr. Hazem Ismail Haniyeh, his 50-year old brother Abdul Khaleq Khaled Haniyeh (Abu Malik), his nephew Abdel Khaled Haniyeh and his brother’s grandson Ahmed Haniyeh. It was reported that “a number of his grandsons” were killed, but the name of only one of them is known.

Abdul Khaleq Khaled Haniyeh was remembered in a Facebook post by “My Hope in God is Big” where he was called “ the cousin who is dear to all of our hearts”. The post also featured an image of the late Abdul – a bearded man in glasses and a white shirt.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

When sources identified a belligerent, they attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Abdul Khaleq Khaled Haniyeh عبدالخالق خالد هنية
50 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 954751483
Abdel Khaleq Haniyeh خالد عبدالخالق هنية
male killed
Ahmed Haniyeh أحمد هنية
male killed
Hazem Ismail Haniyeh
male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Sheikh Radwan (الشهداء), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.536752, 34.465399. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14
  • (1–2 children1–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sultan Karis
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: My Hope in God is Big
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hanan Bu Alnaja
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14
  • (1–2 children1–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0199

Incident date

October 14, 2023

Location

مخيم البريج, Bureij camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.437934, 34.403857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 23:00 on Saturday, October 14th 2023, an Israeli airstrike on the Eid family house located in the Block 9 of Al Bureij camp in the central Gaza Strip killed the alleged Hamas leader Moataz (Muetaz) Eid and reportedly injured three civilian members of his family.

Israel Defense Forces declared the killing of Muetaz Eid in an official statement: “In one strike, leveraging ISA and IDF intelligence, the IDF neutralized Muetaz Eid, the Commander of the Hamas Southern District of National Security.”

Nabd news reported that there were martyrs after the strike on the Eid family house in Al-Bureij, which may indicate that there was another death in addition to the Hamas leader. Airwars has therefore added a minimum civilian fatality estimate of one. Safa news reported about three injured people in the strike. According to the Twitter/X post by @mahmoudmmg11, the family of Moataz Eid “was under the rubble”.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. The Israeli military confirmed the strike, but did not report about any potential civilian casualties caused by it.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 11:00 pm local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Bureij camp (مخيم البريج), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.437934, 34.403857. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aljadeera
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ar.euronews

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Israel continues striking Hamas targets in the Strip based on intelligence reports, and currently continues to press ahead with the fighting.

The IDF is calling on the population of Gaza to evacuate toward the south. Thus far, 600,000 Gazans have been evacuated.

Hamas is preventing Gazans from evacuating, and is hiding behind the local population, embedding itself in residential neighborhoods and jeopardizing the lives of the Gazan population.

The IDF's main mission remains to dismantle Hamas, and is targeting its chief political and militant operatives.

Yesterday, the IDF struck about 250 military targets, primarily in Northern Gaza. Overnight the Israeli Air Force struck dozens of targets overnight including Hamas operatives, operational compounds, military infrastructure, military observation posts, rocket launch sites and more.

In one strike, leveraging ISA and IDF intelligence, the IDF neutralized Muetaz Eid, the Commander of the Hamas Southern District of National Security.

IDF troops neutralized terrorists in the area surrounding the Gaza Strip on three separate occasions. This included one encounter with two terrorists that had anti-tank weapons near Nahal Oz, one encounter with a terrorist near Nir Am and an UAV strike on a terrorist cell identified last night near Kissufim.

IDF engineering work has been completed on breaches in the security fence.

Defense of the region continues to be augmented by tanks, infantry and aerial support.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0178A

Incident date

October 13, 2023

Location

ابو جزر, Abu Jazar family house, Badri Camp west of the city of Rafah, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 13, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Abu Jazar family house located in Badri camp west of the city of Rafah in the Gaza Strip killed at least 13 civilians belonging to Abu Jazar family, including at least three women and at least four and up to six children. According to the Facebook tribute by Olifat Soleiman, a grandfather of the family, a 68-year old Juma Sirhan Khalil Abu Jazar was killed together with his five sons, their wives and his grandchildren.

Quds news Twitter/X post showed the bodies covered with white cloth and at least two injured civilians in a hospital,and explained that this was a “new massacre… 10 Palestinians from the Abu Jazar family died”.  A Twitter/X post by @Paldf also featured a video with the bodies of the people from the Abu Jazar family.

Initially local sources reported about 6-10 killed civilians, but later the social media account of Abu Jazar family provided the names of the 14 identified victims, out of them at least 13 having a civilian status. Among them were the late Juma’s eldest son, a 38-year old Ahmed Abu Jazar together with his wife, a 25-year old Yousra Samir Abu Jazar. The late Juma’s other son, a 30-year old Rabie Juma Abu Jaza was killed with his 23-year old wife Islam Mahmoud Abu Jazar and their children – a 3-year old daughter Sham Rabie Abu Jazar and a 6-year old son Yamen Rabie Abu Jazar. The late Juma’s other son, a 32-year old Mahmoud Jumah Sirnan Abu Jazar lost his life together with his 32-year old wife Nariman Ismail Mahmoud Abu Jazar and apparently their children, an 8-year old daughter Ghalia Mahmoud Jumah Abu Jazar, a 4-year old son Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Jazar as well as Yemeni Mahmoud Abu Jazar and ٍRoya Mahmoud Abu Jazar, about whom there is no additional information.

Among the victims were also an 18-year old Juma Anis Juma Abu Jazar and a 21-year old Ahmed Anis Juma Abu Jazar, apparently also the sons of Juma Sirhan Abu Jazar. They are portrayed as young men in elegant suits in the images attached to Olifat Soleiman’s post.

The late family’s head Juma Sirhan Abu Jazar appears on an image attached to the Olifat Soleiman’s post as an elderly man with a moustache in a grey shirt and an embroidered vest. He used to have a Facebook account with 2,400 friends.

Ahmed Abu Jazar is described in social media tributes as a freed prisoner who was released only a year ago after 19 (or 20, according to some sources) years of detention. Hassan Badawi wrote in his Facebook tribute: “The rise of the beloved brother, friend, and cellmate, Ahmed Abu Jazar”, and shared a photo of Abu Jazar in military uniform with a gun in his hand; meaning he may have been a militant in the past. Mohammed Kareem in his post referred to the late Ahmed as “freed captive cousin”.  Zeko Abu Jazar wrote his testimony to the “freed prisoner” and shared an image of Ahmed where he was apparently giving an interview.

Given the image of Ahmed Abu Jazar wearing military uniform with a weapon, he has been accounted for as a militant in Airwars’ upper belligerent range, though not in the lower range as this could not yet be confirmed by other sources. He has also not been included in the lower casualty range. See our methodology for more details on classification of militants and civilians. The range will be updated should further information come to light.

Rabie Juma Abu Jaza was remembered in a Facebook testimony by Ismael Abu Jazar where he was described as a “decent young man”.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Ahmed Jumaa Sirnan Abu Jazar احمد جمعة ابوجزر
38 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800473019
Yousra Samir Suleiman Abu Jazar يسرى سمير ابوجزر
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 404522401
Rabei Juma Sirnan Abu Jazar ربيع جمعة ابوجزر
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803795210
Islam Mahmoud Ibrahim Abu Jazar اسلام محمود ابوجزر
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 432113918
Sham Rabie (Rabea) Jua Abu Jazar شام ربيع ابوجزر
3 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445065170
Yamen Rabie (Rabea) Juma Abu Jazar يامن ربيع ابوجزر
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 438482853
Mahmoud Jumah Sirnan Abu Jazar محمود جمعة ابوجزر
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803308139
Nariman Ismail Mahmoud Abu Jazar نيرمين ابوجزر
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803492123
Ghalia Mahmoud Jumah Abu Jazar غالية محمود ابوجزر
8 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 435141981
Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Jazar عبدالسلام محمود ابوجزر
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440878239
Yemeni Mahmoud Abu Jazar يمني محمود ابوجزر
killed
Roya Mahmoud Abu Jazar رؤيا محمود ابوجزر
killed
Ahmed Anis Jumah Abu Jazar احمد انيس جمعة ابوجزر
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408440220
Juma Anis Jumah Abu Jazar جمعة انيس جمعة ابوجزر
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421314287

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–6 children3 women5 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (28) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Jazar family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Badawi facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Badawi facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Kareem facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Noura Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Ali ABu Basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Zeko Abu Jazar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shadi Khatib Abo Jazar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ismael Abu jazar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALi Abubasel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–6 children3 women5 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (25) [ collapse]