Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4315

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one man was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Sarja on June 12, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “the village of Sarja was subjected to similar raids, which resulted in the injury of a man.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The moment Russian warplanes targeted with missiles the vicinity of the town of Sarja in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib (Image posted by Macro Media Center)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4314

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

منطف, Mantaf, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including at least one woman, was killed and up to nine others were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on Mantaf on June 12, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “the killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef”.

SCD also added that “while the mother is in intensive care, her fetus dies before he comes to her, as a result of being hit by shrapnel of a guided missile from the Russian warplanes. However, other sources, including @alatareb, reported that the mother and her fetus were killed in the strikes.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported “a 16-year-old girl, named as Safaa Abboud was killed, along with the unborn baby of Samaher Muhammad Barakat, while six other civilians were injured when fixed-wing warplanes which we believed were Russian fired missiles on houses in the outskirts of Mentef village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate on June 12. SNHR has received assurances that the unborn baby’s mother, named above, is alive and is receiving treatment in a hospital in Idlib governorate.”

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the pregnant woman and her fetus were killed, while adding that only one other person was injured. Zaiton mag gave the highest estimate that nine civilians were injured in the airstrikes on Mantef.

@Nabel_othman023 tweeted that “residential neighborhoods were targeted in the village of Mantef, near the city of Jericho this afternoon”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Russia or did not distinguish whether Russia or the regime was responsible.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

  • Safaa Abboud 16 years old female killed
  • Samaher Muhammad Barakat Age unknown female pregnant killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of the fetus of a pregnant woman who was affected by an airstrike on the village of Mantef on June 12, 2021. While some sources reported that only the fetus was killed, other sources reported that the pregnant mother was killed as well. (Image posted by @a175286)
  • Image of the explosion caused by the airstrikes on the town of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Image of the explosion caused by the airstrikes on the town of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @moeredah)
  • Image of the explosion caused by the airstrikes on the town of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Hmo Syria)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Blood in Al Shami Hospital from the victims of the bombing of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Abo Hamza Kalali via Facebook)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4307

Incident date

May 12, 2021

Location

تردين, Tardin, Lattakia, Syria

Geolocation

35.765126, 36.189891 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed (in this incident or in al-Kendeh)and between three and five civilians, including a child, were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on Tardin on May 12, 2021.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and the Syrian Civil Defense both reported that five civilians, including a child, were injured in Russian airstrikes on al-Kendeh village in western Idlib and Tardin area in northern Latakia. However, neither source differentiated  whether the civilians were killed in which location. Zaman Al Wasl also mentioned those injured in both areas, referring to them as ” four shepherds”.

@thiqanewsagency identified “one person was killed and five others, including a girl, were injured” and did not separate whether the killed and injured were in al-Kendeh or Tardin.

@jisrtv tweeted ” 3 civilians were injured by the bombing of the Russian occupation warplanes on the outskirts of Tardin village”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident blamed Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Five civilians, including a child, were wounded by Russian air strikes in conjunction with artillery and missile strikes by the regime forces targeting this evening, Wednesday, May 12, the vicinity of the village of Al-Kinda, west of Idlib, and the area of Tardin, north of Lattakia. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Five civilians, including a child, were wounded by Russian air strikes in conjunction with artillery and missile strikes by the regime forces targeting this evening, Wednesday, May 12, the vicinity of the village of Al-Kinda, west of Idlib, and the area of Tardin, north of Lattakia. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Five civilians, including a child, were wounded by Russian air strikes in conjunction with artillery and missile strikes by the regime forces targeting this evening, Wednesday, May 12, the vicinity of the village of Al-Kinda, west of Idlib, and the area of Tardin, north of Lattakia. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Tardin (تردين), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.765126, 36.189891. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4306

Incident date

May 12, 2021

Location

الكندة, Al Kendeh, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.765353, 36.207676 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed (in this incident or in Tardin) and up to six civilians, including a woman and child, were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on al-Kendeh on May 12, 2021.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and the Syrian Civil Defense both reported that five civilians, including a child, were injured in Russian airstrikes on al-Kendeh village in western Idlib and Tardin area in northern Latakia. However, neither source differentiated  whether the civilians were killed in which location. Zaman Al Wasl also mentioned those injured in both areas, referring to them as ” four shepherds”.

@thiqanewsagency identified “one person was killed and five others, including a girl, were injured” and did not separate whether the killed and injured were in al-Kendeh or Tardin.

A tweet from @IbnAlarabi15 put the civilian injuries in al-Kendeh at six, tweeting “six civilians, including children and women, were injured in Russian air strikes targeting the vicinity of the village of #Al-Kinda.”

All sources blamed the airstrikes on Russia.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Five civilians, including a child, were wounded by Russian air strikes in conjunction with artillery and missile strikes by the regime forces targeting this evening, Wednesday, May 12, the vicinity of the village of Al-Kinda, west of Idlib, and the area of Tardin, north of Lattakia. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Five civilians, including a child, were wounded by Russian air strikes in conjunction with artillery and missile strikes by the regime forces targeting this evening, Wednesday, May 12, the vicinity of the village of Al-Kinda, west of Idlib, and the area of Tardin, north of Lattakia. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Five civilians, including a child, were wounded by Russian air strikes in conjunction with artillery and missile strikes by the regime forces targeting this evening, Wednesday, May 12, the vicinity of the village of Al-Kinda, west of Idlib, and the area of Tardin, north of Lattakia. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Kendeh (الكندة), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.765353, 36.207676. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4305 IRS007

Incident date

May 3, 2021

Location

الفوعة, Al Fu'ah, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.967389, 36.681596 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians, including two children and a woman, were killed and up to 11 others, including five children to six children and three women, were wounded in an alleged Iranian or Russian drone strike on a weapons depot near the Al-Furousiya camp for the displaced, in the vicinity of the town of Al-Foah on May 3, 2021. However other sources blamed the casualties on a weapon malfunction.

According to Euphrates Post, “an Iranian drone targeted a weapons depot of the Ahrar al-Sham faction, near the Al-Furousiya camp for the displaced, in the vicinity of the town of Al-Foah, north of Idlib. The targeting resulted in the killing of three civilians, including two children, and the wounding of others, some of them seriously.” Their reporting also identified “the death of two members of the same faction” and that the strike resulted in extensive damage, including “several houses were razed to the ground, and many tents in the camp were damaged.”

Step News reported that “the explosion killed a woman and injured eight other civilians, including five children, in an initial toll” and that some were in a “dangerous condition.” In addition, “there were deaths and injuries among the “Uzbek” and the ranks of the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham, amounting to approximately 14 soldiers, including two dead from “Ahrar Al-Sham” and 2 others whose identities were not known.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights identified “the death of two fighters and a woman who was passing by the site of the explosion, while six other people from the camp, including women and children, sustained injuries.” The Syrian Civil Defense put the numbers at “a woman was killed, and 11 civilians were injured, including 6 children and 3 women” while @Sy24ria identified four civilians as being killed.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights identified two of the civilians killed: 25-year-old woman, named as Fahimeh Khaledeh Shehadah, and man, named as Alaa Muhammad al Mesleh. 

A post from Maher Naser Diab on Facebook identified the names of those injured: Zarifa Al-Ahmad (F), Fatima Al-Muhaimid (F), Ali Al-Dakhil (M), Nayef Al-Haled (M), Alaa Asry Al-Kassar (M), Ahmed Deeb Al-Jasem (M), Wafdiya Ahmed Al-Hussein (F), Ahmed Mohammed Al-Hayer (M), Muhammad Fawaz Al-Awad (M). The material damage from the explosion included more than 50 tents destroyed and more than 30 sheep were killed.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible, with Step News reporting that one source said that “it it was caused by a technical failure in manufacturing that led to explosions” while another claimed “a Russian drone was flying in the targeted area, and it is expected that it bombed the place with guided missiles.” Zaman Al Wasel News and Euphrates Post attributed the explosion to an Iran drone. Other sources also reported that it wasn’t clear whether the explosion resulted from an aerial attack or a malfunction. An image posted by @NagiNajjar seems to show an aircraft flying near the camp around the time of the strikes.

Geolocation of the incident was completed by @obretix.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    10

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (36) [ collapse]

  • Two huge explosions occurred in weapons depots belonging to the "Uzbek" factions affiliated with the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham, and another for the Ahrar Al-Sham faction, today, Monday, near the Equestrian camp in Kafraya, north of Idlib.
  • Reliable sources have told SOHR that the explosion which occurred near al-Furousiyyah refugee camp in al-Fu’ah area in the north-east of Idlib was caused by an explosion in a warehouse belonging to jihadi groups, where shells and IEDs are manufactured.
  • Photo shows damages to a number of IDP tents in al Furousiya Camp near Kafrayya town in North Idlib governorate caused by a massive blast of unknown sources and type near the camp on May 3, 2021. (Image by Ahmad Rahhal via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed, and 11 civilians were injured, including 6 children and 3 women, this afternoon, Monday, May 3, as a result of an unknown explosion at a place for raising poultry southwest of the town of Al-Foua in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed, and 11 civilians were injured, including 6 children and 3 women, this afternoon, Monday, May 3, as a result of an unknown explosion at a place for raising poultry southwest of the town of Al-Foua in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed, and 11 civilians were injured, including 6 children and 3 women, this afternoon, Monday, May 3, as a result of an unknown explosion at a place for raising poultry southwest of the town of Al-Foua in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed, and 11 civilians were injured, including 6 children and 3 women, this afternoon, Monday, May 3, as a result of an unknown explosion at a place for raising poultry southwest of the town of Al-Foua in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and others were wounded, most of them women, in an unknown explosion near the Equestrian camp in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Edlib Media Center via Facebook)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and others were wounded, most of them women, in an unknown explosion near the Equestrian camp in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Edlib Media Center via Facebook)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and others were wounded, most of them women, in an unknown explosion near the Equestrian camp in the northern countryside of Idlib. (Images posted by Edlib Media Center via Facebook)
  • Caption translation: The Equestrian Club camp explosion, west of the town of Al Foah. (Images posted by @NagiNajjar)
  • Caption translation: The Equestrian Club camp explosion, west of the town of Al Foah. (Images posted by @NagiNajjar)
  • Caption translation: A large unknown explosion near the Equestrian Club camp, northeast of Idlib So far, the death of a woman and the wounding of a number of civilians, as a preliminary outcome (Images posted by @anasanas84)
  • Caption translation: A large unknown explosion near the Equestrian Club camp, northeast of Idlib So far, the death of a woman and the wounding of a number of civilians, as a preliminary outcome (Images posted by @anasanas84)
  • Caption translation: A large unknown explosion near the Equestrian Club camp, northeast of Idlib So far, the death of a woman and the wounding of a number of civilians, as a preliminary outcome (Images posted by @anasanas84)
  • Caption translation: A large unknown explosion near the Equestrian Club camp, northeast of Idlib So far, the death of a woman and the wounding of a number of civilians, as a preliminary outcome (Images posted by @anasanas84)
  • Caption translation: The young Alaa Muhammad Al-Musleh, from the displaced in the village of Qubeibat in the northern Hama countryside, rose to the equestrian camp near the town of Al-Fu'ah, northeast of Idlib, as a result of the explosion that happened a short while ago (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and 11 injured in an unidentified explosion near the Al Furousiya camp on the outskirts of the village of Al-Fu'ah, north of Idlib (Images posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and 11 injured in an unidentified explosion near the Al Furousiya camp on the outskirts of the village of Al-Fu'ah, north of Idlib (Images posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and 11 injured in an unidentified explosion near the Al Furousiya camp on the outskirts of the village of Al-Fu'ah, north of Idlib (Images posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and 11 injured in an unidentified explosion near the Al Furousiya camp on the outskirts of the village of Al-Fu'ah, north of Idlib (Images posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Caption translation: A woman was killed and 11 injured in an unidentified explosion near the Al Furousiya camp on the outskirts of the village of Al-Fu'ah, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al-Shami (Images posted by @ZaitunAgency)
  • Caption translation: Idlib ... This is how the site of an explosion that shook a weapons depot in Al Foah looked like. (Images posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Caption translation: Idlib ... This is how the site of an explosion that shook a weapons depot in Al Foah looked like. (Images posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Caption translation: Idlib ... This is how the site of an explosion that shook a weapons depot in Al Foah looked like. (Images posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Caption translation: Idlib ... This is how the site of an explosion that shook a weapons depot in Al Foah looked like. (Images posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Caption translation: The death toll from the explosion that occurred in the Al Furousiya camp, southwest of the town of Al Foah in Idlib countryside, has risen to four. (Image posted by @AlaaHattabAlaa)
  • Caption translation: Idlib ... This is how the site of an explosion that shook a weapons depot in Al Foah looked like. (Images posted by Enab baladi)
  • Caption translation: Idlib ... This is how the site of an explosion that shook a weapons depot in Al Foah looked like. (Images posted by Enab baladi)
  • Geolocation of an alleged strike on an ammunition warehouse on May 3, 2021. (Images posted by @obretix)
  • Geolocation of an alleged strike on an ammunition warehouse on May 3, 2021. (Images posted by @obretix)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Fu’ah (الفوعة). According to research conducted by @obretix, the exact location of this strike is: 35.967389, 36.681596 . Cross referencing evidence from audio-visual material from sources, we can confirm this location.

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    10

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4298

Incident date

March 5, 2021

Location

معرة الإخوان, Maaret Al Ikhwan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

36.064641, 36.672084 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured as a result of an alleged Russian airstrike on Ma’aret Al Ikhwan in Idlib on March 5th.

@jisrtv tweeted “Russian bombing raids with cluster rockets on the outskirts of the town of Maarat al-Ikhwan, northwest of the city of Maarat Misrin in the northern countryside of Idlib.”

Edlib Media Center posted images showing destruction in the area as a result of the Russian strikes.

Syrian Civil Defence said that their volunteers evacuated some civilians from the area to a safe place because of fears of renewed bombing.

No further information is available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation of second tweet: Meanwhile a civilian was injured as a result of two raids by the Russian warplanes on Ma'aret Ikhwan village in Idlib's northern countryside. Our teams checked the area for injured civilians, and evacuated a number of civilians to a safe place.
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteers on the rubble of a destructed building in Ma'aret Ikhwan that was earlier allegedly bombed by Russian warplanes. (via @SyriaCivilDefe)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Maaret Al Ikhwan (معرة الإخوان), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.064641, 36.672084. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4289

Incident date

November 4, 2020

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four civilians, including a child, were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on November 4th, 2020, according to local sources. Among the victims were two men working for the Ihsan Relief and Development Organization. Up to six others were reportedly wounded.

Nors for Studies reported that four civilians were killed and five others were injured as the result of artillery shelling on the city. The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) wrote: “At least four civilians, including a girl, were killed when Syrian regime forces artillery fired dozens of shells on Ariha city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate in the morning of November 4. SNHR notes that this bombardment is a breach of the ceasefire agreement reached following consultations between the Turkish and Russian presidents, which came into effect on March 6, 2020.”

In another post, the SNHR reported that one of the shells fell on the schoolyard of the Martyr Zakariya Saedou school, partially destroying the yard and damaging furniture in the school. The source added that the school is located within a residential area.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that the girl Rimas Hindawi was killed while being at school. It is unclear if this is the same school that the SNHR reported as damaged. Eye on Al Hassaka posted a photo of the body of the girl but however wrote as a caption that “a mother of a child” was killed in the strikes. Other sources do not report an adult woman among the fatalities.

Among the victims were Ibrahim Al Younes, a psychological support worker at Ihsan Relief and Development Organization, and Raghid Zakariya Al Jasri, a driver for the same organisation. According to SNHR, the men died when a shell fell on their car in Al Midan neighbourhood.

The fourth fatal victim was identified as Samer Madi.

Step News Agency reported that six civilians were injured. The Syrian Civil Defence posted a video of their volunteers helping victims, including at least two injured women.

While nearly all sources blamed the Syrian regime for the heavy shelling on the city, Eye on Al Hassaka blamed both the Syrian regime and Russia.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The child Rimas Hindawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, November 4th, 2020 (via Eye On Al Hassakah).
  • Injured civilians being brought to an ambulance after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Two employees of Ihsan Relief and Development Organization, named as Ibrahim al Younes (pictured right) and Raghid Zakariya al Jesri (left) were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • The child Rimas Hindawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, November 4th, 2020 (via Eye On Al Hassakah).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4287

Incident date

October 31, 2020

Location

نحلية, Nahliya, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.847491, 36.600351 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including an elderly woman were reported injured after an alleged Russian suicide drone struck a car in Nahla/Nahlia village in Idlib on October 31st, 2020.

Shaam Agency reported that the drone targeted a gathering of civilians and left several injuries, pointing out the use of this new weaponry by Russian forces. @Step_Agency said that the civilians, who worked in olive harvest, were seriously injured.

Local sources showed images of the car targeted and also the civilians injured and shared images from the hospital, and Syrian Civil Defense response to the incident.

No further information is available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Three civilians, including a woman, were injured after being targeted by a drone while they were working in the olive fields in the village of Nahle, south of the city of Ariha in the southern countryside of Idlib.
  • A woman was injured in an alleged Russian suicide drone on Nahla village on October 31st, 2020. (via SCD).
  • A woman injured in an alleged Russian suicide drone on Nahla village on October 31st, 2020 is assisted by SCD members. (via SCD).
  • SCD volunteers seen next to a car after it was struck by a Russian suicide drone in Nahla, Idlib on October 31st, 2020. (via SCD).
  • The woman who was injured in an alleged Russian suicide drone on Nahla village on October 31st, 2020. (via @IdlibPlus)
  • The woman who was injured in an alleged Russian suicide drone on Nahla village on October 31st, 2020. (via MMC)
  • The car that was struck by a Russian suicide drone in Nahla village on October 31st, 2020. (via MMC)
  • An image shared by MMC Facebook page of the suicide drone allegedly used by Russia on October 31st, 2020 on a car in Nahla village.
  • An image from the hospital after an alleged Russian attack with a suicide drone on Nahla village. (via MMC)
  • An image from the hospital after three civilians were injured in alleged Russian suicide drone attack on Nahla village in Idlib. (via SY24)
  • Three civilians were injured in alleged Russian suicide drone attack on Nahla village in Idlib. (via SY24)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a vehicle being struck in the village of Nahliya (نحلية), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.847491, 36.600351. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]