Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

R4454 YS145

Incident date

July 30, 2022

Location

كفرتعال, Kafr Taal, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.152222, 36.893333

Airwars assessment

Two children were killed and up to two others were injured in artillery shelling allegedly carried out by Russian forces, the Syrian regime, or the Syrian Democratic Forces.

The Syrian Civil Defense tweeted (@SyriaCivilDefe) that two children, Youssef and Abdul Baset Jadoua, were killed and the father of Youssef, named Mustafa Jamil Jadoua, and Ahmed Naji Doreesh were injured, one of them seriously, when Syrian regime and Russian forces shelled the village of Kafr Taal. Civil Defense volunteers inspected the location of the bombing and transferred the injured civilians to hospitals. A tweet and image posted by the Civil Defense indicated that the victims were drinking tea together when the shelling happened.

@anasanas84 also reported that two children were killed but identified only one “young man” as being injured in the shelling.

According to the correspondent of “Zaytoun Agency” in Aleppo countryside, residential neighborhoods of Kafr Taal were struck with three artillery shells. Shaam news added that the shelling occurred on a public street in the center of the town.

A video posted by @77Mikiy is said to show the mother of one of the victims saying goodbye to her child who was killed in the shelling.

The majority of sources, including Shaam News and @OrientNews, attributed the shelling to the Syrian regime while the Syrian Civil Defense blamed both the Syrian regime and Russian forces while Al Souria news stated that the Syrian regime and the Syrian Democratic Forces were responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Youssef Jadoua Child killed
  • Abdul Baset Jadoua Child killed
  • Mustafa Jamil Jadoua Adult male Father of Youssef injured
  • Ahmed Naji Doreesh Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, YPG, Syrian Regime

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Civil Defense volunteer inspects the site of blood of one of the victims of shelling of Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Blood of one of the victims of shelling of Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteer inspects the site of shelling of Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteer evacuates one of the victims of shelling of Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • According to the Syrian Civil Defense, civilians were killed while drinking tea by shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted on Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of one of the children killed in shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Civil Defense volunteer inspects the site of blood of one of the victims of shelling of Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video from the Kafr Taal massacre, which was committed by the Assad terrorist militia today, "The mother, her child and the last farewell" #Kafr_Tal_massacre #Alepp
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic images of the victims of shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @thawra_sy4)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Survivors recount their testimonies to Orient... Victims, including children, in shelling by Assad militia on Kafr Taal village, west of Aleppo
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children killed in shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @ahmads2021)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children killed in shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @Hanzpal2)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of one of the victims of shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @tw67462611)
  • One of the victims of shelling on Kafr Taal on July 30, 2022. (Image posted by @ezaldeen_98)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Kafr Taal (كفرتعال), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.152222, 36.893333. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, YPG, Syrian Regime

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4453

Incident date

July 27, 2022

Location

كفرتعال, Kafr Taal, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian, a young man, was injured when Russian or Syrian regime forces shelled Kafr Taal in the western Aleppo countryside on July 27th 2022.  There is no further information at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • One person was injured when an alleged Syrian regime or Russian forces shell hit the village of Kafr Taal on July 27th 2022 (Image via @AsharqNewsSYR / Twitter)

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4452

Incident date

July 25, 2022

Location

شنان, Shanan village, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One child was injured as a result of artillery shelling by Russian or Syrian regime action targeting the village of Shanan, south of Idlib on Sunday 24th July 2022.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported that they took the injured child to hospital for treatment and that he was injured “lightly”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defense rescue a child who was injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime attack on Shanan, south of Idlib on July 25th 2022 (Image via @SyriaCivilDefe / Twitter)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4451

Incident date

July 22, 2022

Location

الموزرة, Al Mozra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Syrian regime or Russian shelling of the village of Al Mozra on July 22, 2022.

The Syrian Civil Defense (@SyriaCivilDefe) tweeted that one civilian was wounded by artillery shelling by the Syrian regime and Russian forces on the village of Al Mozra. Various other sources, including the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, also mentioned that one civilian was injured in this incident.

A tweet from @Military_OST identified “civilians” as being wounded in artillery shelling but did not identify how any civilians.

Enab Baladi News and Syria TV reported that civilian homes were affected by artillery shelling in the villages of Hmeimat, Shaghouret and Al Mozra, resulting in damage to residential buildings.

The majority of sources, including @freeehsem, Al-Jazeera’s correspondent in Syria, attributed the incident to Syrian regime forces while the Syrian Civil Defense (@SyriaCivilDefe) referred to the shelling as being carried out by Syrian regime and Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Smoke caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime shelling of the village of Al Mozra on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @Military_OST)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4450

Incident date

July 22, 2022

Location

الجديدة, Al Jadida, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to eight civilians, including four to five children, were killed and up to 17 civilians, including between eight and nine children and a woman, were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the outskirts of Al-Jadida village and the outskirts of Al-Janoudia village on July 22, 2022.

The Syrian Civil Defense (@SyriaCivilDefe) tweeted that seven civilians, including four children from one family, were killed and 12 others, including eight children, were injured by Russian airstrikes on “a poultry farm inhabited by displaced people on the outskirts of Al-Jadida village, and civilian homes on the outskirts of Al-Janoudia village”. The Syrian Civil Defense later put the number of wounded at 13.

Syria TV provided the names of the children killed:  Ikhlas (8 years), Muhammad (two years), Yusra (5 years), and Jana (4 years). Their father, Ayham al-Qattan, was also wounded during the bombing.

@SyriaCivilDefe described one of the children killed: “Ikhlas” the butterfly, as she likes to be called by her teacher at school, her dream was to become a doctor”.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) also identified seven people as being killed in the incident, specifying that four children, two men, and an unidentified person were among the seven, and that women and children were stranded under the rubble at the time of reporting. A tweet from @ALKhulbni in addition to Shaam News (@shaamnews) put the number of children killed at five.

Shorouk News quoted the German News Agency as reporting that “eight people were killed, including five children from one family, and 17 others were wounded.” @Ahmadmuaffaq reported that 14 others were wounded while Enab Baladi News referred to “more than 15 others” injured. Suhayb Al Khalaf reported on Facebook that some of the injured were taken to Turkey.

Euphrates Post quoted local sources who said that all of the children killed were under 10 years old and that most of the victims were displaced from Hama governorate, with Syria TV added that the Al-Qattan family had been displaced two years ago from the village of Al-Zayadia in the Al-Ghab Plain in Hama.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) provided information that specified the locations that the civilians were killed: “At least two missiles hit a bird coup and its vicinity, where a displaced family was sheltered, leading to the death of five civilians, including four children, siblings, while five other individuals were wounded. Another missile hit a house near the coup, causing the death of another civilian. SNHR notes that the same warplanes performed another air-strike on the south of al Jadida village, killing another civilian.”

Suhayb Al Khalaf added on Facebook that in the third raid (of four), a man who was passing by on his motorcycle was killed. The Washington Post reported that “another strike killed two men who had approached the scene after the initial attack,” potentially referring to the second strike, and also referred to another attack that struck civilian residences nearby, killing a man on a motorcycle.

Images posted by @SyriaCivilDefe show a mother saying goodbye to her child who was killed and a man covered in the blood of his four nephews who were killed. A video posted by journalist @abuhilalah shows the father of the children killed with the bodies of the children mourning over their death.

Ayham al-Qattan, 31, who lost four of his children, told AFP “My children are gone… They are dead, the thing dearest to my heart is gone,” adding that the attack took place while the family was sleeping in their home. Jusoor Post reported that after the first strike, al-Qattan was able to rescue his wife from under the rubble but he could not find his children: “I thought it was a nightmare, we crawled out” before the second strike.

An AFP reporter in the area said that the attack completely destroyed the house, and toys and clothes were scattered among the rubble. The Washington Post reported that the poultry farm that the family was living in was located in an olive grove.

Nawras Al-Ahmad, a volunteer with the White Helmets, said that “their dream is like a life without death and bombing and they return to their home from which they were displaced. Their dream ended with a missile from Russian planes and the hope of an entire family was eliminated. 4 brothers were martyred, and their father and mother were in the hospital” describing the family who lost four children.

Another White Helmets volunteer Ali Al-Naasan is a cousin of the victims, and said: “A very difficult situation when you respond to a place that was bombed, and there is someone dear to your heart, 4 innocent children who are my cousins, they became victims today, they loved me a lot and they love my work because I help the children, they were very happy when I visited them but today my visit to them is different, I went to retrieve them from under the rubble, their laughter, their joy and their sweet stories I will never forget all my life, and I will continue with my work.”

Adele Khader, UNICEF’s regional director for the Middle East and North Africa, released a statement condemning the attack: “At least five children were killed and nine others were injured in an attack early this morning, west of Idlib, northwest Syria…Once again, we remind all parties that children must never be targeted. They should be protected at all times, wherever they are. The children of Syria deserve to live without violence or fear.”

Euphrates Post reported that according to the Syrian opposition’s “Air Traffic Tracking” observatory posted on social media that “a Russian warplane took off from the “Hmeimim Air Base” in Latakia and hit the predominantly Christian villages of Yacoubiya and Al-Jadida at 2:36 am GMT.” Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the planes that carried out the airstrikes as being “Su-34 fixed-wing warplanes, we believe were Russian”. The vast majority of other sources also attributed the incident to Russian forces, with only @ALKhulbni mentioning that the Syrian regime “sent the planes” without identifying if the planes were Russian or Syrian.

Rassd News reported that Russia did not comment on the accusations that it was responsible for the bombing.

The incident occured between 5:36 am and 5:50 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

  • Ikhlas al-Qattan 8 years old female injured
  • Muhammad al-Qattan 2 years old killed
  • Yusra al-Qattan 5 years old killed
  • Jana al-Qattan 4 years old killed
  • Ayham al-Qattan 31 years old male injured
  • Wife of Ayham Mazan Adult female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 8
  • (4–5 children2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13–17
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (53) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (41) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the child victims of the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Two of the children injured in the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Damage caused by the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Damage caused by the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • White Helmets trying to rescue victims from the rubble following the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    White Helmets with one of the child victims of the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • White Helmets trying to rescue victims from the rubble following the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the child victims of the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    White Helmets trying to rescue victims from the rubble following the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Damage caused by the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • A mother says goodbye to her child killed by alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • The uncle of four of the children killed sitting near the destroyed home with the blood of his nephews on his shirt following alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • A White Helmet volunteer with one of the victims of alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Notebook belonging to "Ikhlas" the butterfly, as she likes to be called by her teacher at school, one of four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Backpack belonging to "Ikhlas" the butterfly, as she likes to be called by her teacher at school, one of four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • One of the victims under the rubble following alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Backpack belonging to "Ikhlas" the butterfly, as she likes to be called by her teacher at school, one of four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Damage caused by the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Damage caused by the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @ALKhulbni)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Listen to the father who lost his children to the bombing of #Putin_terrorist. What his planes did in #Idlib today of massacre against children is a repetition of what he is doing from 2015 in Syria and what he is doing today in Ukraine. Getting rid of it is in the interest of humanity, not Syria alone.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    People mourn over the bodies of four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @Omar_Madaniah)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Funeral for the four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @ShamAlmagd1991)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    People mourn over the bodies of four children killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @abdalwhab761)
  • Ayham al-Qattan, father of the four children killed, was also injured in the alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by @MOHAMEDSYR23)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • The remains of a house after a Russian airstrike on the outskirts of the rebel-held city of Jisr al-Shughur in Syria's northwestern province of Idlib on 22 July. Photograph: Omar Haj Kadour/AFP/Getty Images
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Al-Janoudia village and Al-Jadida village on July 22, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 8
  • (4–5 children2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13–17
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (53) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4449

Incident date

July 8, 2022

Location

بليون, Balion, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a young man, was injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery shelling of the village of Balion on July 8, 2022.

According to @SyriaCivilDefe, a young man was wounded in artillery shelling of the village of Balion by the regime and Russian forces. Civil Defense volunteers took the injured man to the nearest medical point. A @jisrtv correspondent reported that the person was “slightly injured” in the shelling.

Various other local sources including @TvIdlib also identified one civilian as being wounded in the attack. Al Araby reported that the shelling hit civilian homes in the town of Balion.

The majority of sources attributed the shelling to regime forces or both the regime and Russian forces. A tweet from @lyalraq13900368 specified that the regime forces stationed at surrounding checkpoints were responsible for the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • A young man injured by alleged Russian and regime shelling of the village of Balion on July 8, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers search the site of alleged Russian and regime shelling of the village of Balion on July 8, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian and regime shelling of the village of Balion on July 8, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian and regime shelling of the village of Balion on July 8, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Smoke caused by alleged Russian and regime shelling of the village of Balion on July 8, 2022. (Image posted by @jisrtv)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4448

Incident date

July 4, 2022

Location

معارة النعسان, Maret Al Nassan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A pregnant woman and a child were killed and between one and three others, including up to two children, were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery/heavy machine gun attack on the village of Maret Al Nassan on July 4, 2022.

According to @SyriaCivilDefe, a woman was killed and two children were injured in alleged Russian and regime attacks on the village of Maret Al Nassan. @SyriaCivilDefe added that the two children that were injured are brother and sister while Baladi News identified a man as being among the injured.

A tweet from @HalabTodayTV put the casualty count at one woman killed and three people injured, including a child. @OrientNews specified that members of the Al-Shawash family were among the casualties. However Zaman Al Wasl reported that a woman and a child were killed.

Syrian Network for Human Rights provided the name of the woman killed as Mrs. Mysaa al Damen (30 years old) and stated that she was pregnant at the time, and her unborn baby was killed. Her daughter was also injured in the bombing. Zaman Al Wasl identified Mrs. Mysaa as being a displaced person from the town of “Al-Kusaibiya” in the western countryside of Aleppo.

@shaamnews reported that civilian homes were struck during the attack.

The majority of sources that reported on this incident attributed the strikes to regime forces, with Zaman Al Wasl specifying that regime forces stationed in the town of “Miznaz” carried out the attack. However, the Syrian Civil Defense tweeted that the regime and Russian forces were responsible.

@HadiAlabdallah identified heavy artillery shells as being used in the attack, and Zaman Al Wasl added that heavy machine guns were also used. Additional sources pointed out that mortar shells were part of the bombardment.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Mrs. Mysaa al Damen female pregnant killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers respond to alleged Russian and regime strikes on Maret Al Nassan on July 4, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer with the body of one of the victims of alleged Russian and regime strikes on Maret Al Nassan on July 4, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4447

Incident date

June 16, 2022

Location

القاهرة, Al Kahira, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on the town of Al Kahira on June 16, 2022.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported that a civilian was wounded when Syrian regime and Russian forces struck his car with a guided missile in the town of Al Kahira in Al-Ghab Plain.

A tweet from @jamlyyyyy refers to the car as belonging to “Ankara militants” while @humam_isa stated that the vehicle belonged to “the opposition factions, which was heading to change the guard duty” without directly commenting on whether the injured person was a civilian or a militant. However, @77Mikiy reported that the car was a civilian car and @MasarPressNet identified a civilian as being injured.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the Syrian regime while the Syrian Civil Defense identified both Russia and the regime as being responsible. @ZaitunAgency  mentioned that “an ATG missile” was used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Vehicle destroyed by alleged Russian and regime strikes in the town of Al Kahira on June 16, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (10) [ collapse]