Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4435

Incident date

January 8, 2022

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.658546, 36.484314 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians, a woman and her child, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on the town of Kansafra on January 8, 2022.

A tweet from @ShahbaPress reported that a child was injured in artillery shelling by the regime forces on the town on Kansafra. However, Macro Media Center identified “civilians, most of them children”, as being injured but did not specify how many were injured.

According to @JustKhalid313, one of the children injured was a 6 year old named Islam  who was “battling for her life” at the time of reporting and Syrian Network for Human Rights provided her full name to be Islam Najib Haj Ali. @Gurbtwatan added that Islam’s mother was also injured in the attack.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with Syrian Civil Defense referring to both the regime and Russian forces carrying out the attack while Baladi News attributed the strikes to “Syrian regime forces and the militias supporting it”  who used Russian-made Krassenbul artillery shells. North Press Agency specifically blamed regime forces stationed in the city of Kafranbel.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Islam Najib Haj Ali 6 years old female injured
  • Mother of Islam female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • One of the children wounded in alleged Russian strikes on Kansafra on January 8, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • One of the children, named Islam, wounded in alleged Russian strikes on Kansafra on January 8, 2022. (Image posted by @JustKhalid313)
  • White Helmets treat one of the victims of the alleged Russian strikes on Kansafra on January 8, 2022. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Kansafra (كنصفرة), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.658546, 36.484314. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4430

Incident date

December 27, 2021

Location

معربليت, Marblet, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.8075, 36.6625 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and up to three others were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Marblet on December 27, 2021.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported that one civilian was killed and three others were injured in alleged artillery shelling by the regime and Russia on Marblet and Mantaf without specifying in which village the casualties occurred. El Dorar put the number of civilians injured in Marblet and Mantaf at five.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also identified the death of one civilian from a rocket attack Marblet, attributing the bombing to the regime and Zaman Al Wasl reported that one “person” was killed and others, including civilians, were wounded, blaming militias linked to Russia as using “Krasnopol” missiles in the attack.

North-Press added that the injured civilians were taken to medical points for treatment.

An image posted by Jihad Al Hr on Facebook shows a child covered in blood being treated for wounds alongside a caption describing the incident in Marblet.

Sources were conflicted as to whether the strikes were carried out by the regime or Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets respond to strikes on the villages of Maarblit and Mantaf on December 27, 2021. (Image posted by @syrianewsag)
  • Shelling of the town of Marblet on December 27, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • One of the men injured in strikes on the villages of Maarblit and Mantaf on December 27, 2021. (Image posted by @NewKhalij)
  • White Helmets respond to strikes on the villages of Maarblit and Mantaf on December 27, 2021. (Image posted by @NewKhalij)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Marblet (معربليت), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.8075, 36.6625. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4428

Incident date

December 22, 2021

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child was killed and his father was injured when bomb remnants exploded in Kansafra on December 22, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, a young man was killed and his father was wounded when remnants of a cluster bomb exploded in Kansafra. The bomb was only identified as belonging to both the regime and Russian forces. @Almohrar1 also reported that a father was injured and that his son, a child, was killed.

A tweet from @nahermedia also identified two victims but reported that a man was killed and his son was injured.

Kansafra Media Center provided the name of the victim killed in the explosion: Ahmed Jamal Kassoub.

While Radio Al Kul referred to Ahmed’s father as “slightly” injured, Baladi News reported that he was seriously injured and transported to the medical center near their town.

Radio al-Kul’s correspondent in Idlib said that the shell was next to the family’s house and exploded when the father and son tried to dismantle and remove it. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights added that the father and son intended to sell the unexploded ordnance.

@Almohrar1 attributed the exploded remnants to Russia while @WM_FREESYR blamed the regime. @MAZEN_ALMAWAS referred to the bomb as being an “unexploded rocket-propelled grenade”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmed Jamal Kassoub Age unknown male killed
  • Father of Ahmed Jamal Kassoub Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Civil Defense forces responded when remnants of a cluster bomb exploded in Kansafra on December 22, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of Ahmed Jamal Kassoub, killed when bomb remnants exploded in Kansafra on December 22, 2021. (Image posted by Hamed)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4427

Incident date

December 11, 2021

Location

الوساطة, Al Wasata, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

36.113975, 36.843999 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One child was killed and at least another civilian was injured in alleged Russian, regime, or Iran shelling of the Al Wasata area on the outskirts of the city of Al Atareb on December 12, 2021.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that a 17 year old boy named Ismail Ahmad Barakat, from al Atareb city in the western suburbs of Aleppo governorate, was killed in Syrian regime artillery forces’ shelling of al Wasata area on the outskirts of the city.

@MasarPressNet mentioned that “others” were injured in the shelling but did not specify how many people while North Press Agency one person wounded in addition to the person killed.

Sources were conflicted about who was responsible for the shelling, with the majority of sources attributing the shelling to the regime, including North Press Agency pointing to regime forces stationed in the 46th Regiment, while @syria24news24 blamed Russia and @jabha_sy named Iran as the responsible party.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ismail Ahmad Barakat 17 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Wasata (الوساطة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.113975, 36.843999. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4424

Incident date

December 6, 2021

Location

الباره, Al-Bara, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Russian or regime shelling of the town of Al-Bara on December 6, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, a civilian was wounded in artillery shelling by the regime and Russian forces on the town of Al-Bara. Watan FM also reported that a civilian was injured.

A tweet from@Click_Syria reports that raids were carried out on Hayat Tahrir al-Sham positions in Al-Bara but do not mention any casualties.

Activist Mustafa Al-Mohammed told Al-Araby Al-Jadeed that Russian raids caused material damage to civilian property around the village of Al-Bara.

A Facebook post by Mari Al Boukamal refers to vacuum missiles being used in the attack and attributed the missiles to Russia while @shibl91 mentioned Krasnipol laser bombs. However, @baladinetwork blamed the regime for the strikes.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets inspect the site of shelling on Al-Bara on December 6, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes on the town of Al-Bara on December 6, 2021. (Image posted by Mari Al Boukamal via Facebook)
  • Russian air strikes target the vicinity of the town of Al-Bara in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4423

Incident date

December 2, 2021

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.5816284, 36.9212293 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least two children were injured in the explosion of a leftover cluster bomb in the town of Sarja on December 2, 2021.

According to @Almohrar1, “two children, Muhammad and Ahmad Hajj Musa, were seriously injured by the explosion of a cluster bomb left over from the bombing of the Russian occupation while they were herding sheep in the town of Sarja”. Zaman Al Wasl mentioned that Muhammad and Ahmad were brothers.

Al Araby News reported that the bombing occurred on a farm, attributing the cluster bomb to both the regime and Russia, and that the two injured children were taken to the hospital for treatment.

Images posted by @SyriaCivilDefe show one of the children being treated by White Helmet volunteers for what appears to be leg injuries.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the children injured in the explosion of a left over cluster bomb being treated by a White Helmet volunteer on December 2, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the children injured in the explosion of a left over cluster bomb being treated by a White Helmet volunteer on December 2, 2021. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the children injured in the explosion of a left over cluster bomb being treated by a White Helmet volunteer on December 2, 2021. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Sarja (سرجة), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.5816284, 36.9212293. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4422

Incident date

December 2, 2021

Location

بنش,, Bennish, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child, Nour Al Atrash, ten years old, was killed whilst having breakfast with her family on December 2nd 2021 when Russian or Syrian regime artillery hit their house in Binnish, East Idlib.  Five other members of her family were injured, including three of her cousins or brothers, all boys, including Jamal Al Atrash, five years old, Muhammad Al Atrash, Tariq Al Atrash, their father, and another woman.

Nour Al Atrash was inititally reported injured but later died from her injuries.

In total, the reported numbers of those injured from this strike was seven.

It was reported by multiple sources that the building was hit with Krasnopol laser shells.

Baladi News also reported that the city of Sarmin in the southeastern countryside of Idlib was subjected to a “similar bombardmet, which caused widespread destruction of private and public properties, without caausing any human damage among civilians.”

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Nour Al Atrash 10 years old female sibling or cousin to the children below killed
  • Jamal Al Atrash 5 years old male brothers injured
  • Muhammad Al Atrash Child male injured
  • Tariq Al Atrash Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Nour Al Atrash, killed by allegedly Russian or Syrian regime artillery while she ate breakfast with her family on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Syria (Twitter / @NidalAbdulmonem)
  • Jamal Al Atrash, injured by allegedly Russian or Syrian regime artillery while she ate breakfast with her family on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Syria (Twitter / @NidalAbdulmonem)
  • Breakfast in the house of the Al Atrash family who were injured when a Russian or Syrian regime artillery shell hit their house (Twitter / @NidalAbdulmonem)
  • Breakfast in the house of the Al Atrash family who were injured when a Russian or Syrian regime artillery shell hit their house (Twitter / @NidalAbdulmonem)
  • Jamal Al Atrash was injured by a Russian or Syrian regime artillery shell on December 2nd 2021 (Image via Al Jazeera)
  • Jamal Al Atrash was injured by a Russian or Syrian regime artillery shell on December 2nd 2021 (Image via Al Jazeera)
  • Image via @Tb7FgaFJwxqQlKu of the Al Atrash kitchen after the family were injured in an airstrike on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Idlib (Twitter)
  • The aftermath and destruction of an artillery shell which hit the Al Atrash family on December 2nd 2021 (@mzmgr941 / Twitter)
  • @OrientNews showed a photo of Nour Al Atrash who was killed by a Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Idlib (Twitter)
  • 1 of 4: The rescue operation after an artillery shell hit the Al Atrash family on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Syria (Image via @firas_alkhalifa / Twitter)
  • 2 of 4: The rescue operation after an artillery shell hit the Al Atrash family on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Syria (Image via @firas_alkhalifa / Twitter)
  • 3 of 4: The rescue operation after an artillery shell hit the Al Atrash family on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Syria (Image via @firas_alkhalifa / Twitter)
  • 4 of 4: The rescue operation after an artillery shell hit the Al Atrash family on December 2nd 2021 in Binnish, Syria (Image via @firas_alkhalifa / Twitter)
  • Image of the artillery shell which exploded on the house of the Al Atrash family (@Syrianfreeyouth / Facebook)
  • Image of the artillery shell which exploded on the house of the Al Atrash family (EdlibNewsNetwork / Facebook)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4420

Incident date

November 28, 2021

Location

معرزاف, Maarzaf, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.204464, 36.555058 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between four and 10 children were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery strikes on the town of Maarzaf on November 28, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, 10 children, all from one family, were injured as a result of laser-guided artillery shelling against civilian homes in Maarzaf. One of the injured children was heard yelling out “I want Youssef” to one of their siblings that was still trapped under the rubble of their home.

Halab Today TV’s correspondent reported that “four children survived the bombing that targeted their house in the town of Maarzaf, indicating that ambulance teams transferred the injured to the nearest medical point in the area for treatment” after also putting there injury count at 10. Xeber24 News added that the injuries were “seriously” wounded.

A tweet from @resalapost and @thiqanewsagency identified four children as being injured in the strikes on the town of Maarzaf and both blamed the regime.

The correspondent of “Zaman al-Wasl” in Idlib said that the two brothers, “Fatima and Marwan Aref Suleiman“, were injured to varying degrees and that the parents and the civil defense teams managed to get four children out from under the rubble without any injury.

An image posted by @IdlibPlus shows three children covered in dust who were said to have escaped from the rubble of the house.

Alsouria News specifically referred to the area affected by the strikes as being a residential neighborhood and the buildings struck as being civilian homes.

Sources were conflicted as to whether Russia or the regime was responsible, with @Wesal_TV blaming the regime while @OmarAlMakhtar86 attributed the strikes to Russia. A tweet from @freeehsem mentioned that “rocket-propelled grenades” were used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "I want Youssef... I want Youssef..." Their young age, but their burden is large, children screaming in fear for their siblings under the rubble of their house, which was targeted by the bombing of the regime forces and Russia in the town of Maarzaf, south of Idlib today, Sunday, November 28.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A state of panic and fear for children who were pulled out from under the rubble as a result of Russian bombing in the morning on the town of Maarzaf, south of Idlib
  • Three of the children that escaped from the rubble of their house after strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Civilians, most of them children, were wounded as a result of the regime forces' bombing of the town of Maarzaf in Idlib countryside with Krasnopol laser shells
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction to civilian homes from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    https://archive.md/2mZHs
  • Smoke and dust from strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by @OmarAlMakhtar86)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Maarzaf on November 28, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Maarzaf (معرزاف), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.204464, 36.555058. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (37) [ collapse]