Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4304 IRS006

Incident date

April 19, 2021

Location

العاصي‎, Orontes or Asi River, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.644802, 36.286705 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and another was injured in an alleged drone strike on the village of Khirbat al-Naqus in the Al-Ghab Plain on April 19, 2021.

Syria.liveuamap geolocated the incident.

According to Resala Post, “a civilian was killed and another was injured due to being targeted by a drone in the village of Khirbet al-Naqus in the western Hama countryside.”

Zaiton added that “the Civil Defense reported that a drone targeted the two young men while they were fishing in the Asi River near the village of Khirbet al-Naqus in al-Ghab Plain, west of Hama.” An image posted shows White Helmets treating the wounded man.

Shaam News also reported that “a young man was killed and another was wounded,” and that “the Syrian Civil Defense teams treated the injured to the hospital, and transported the body of the young man, who was displaced from the village of Balyun, and delivered it to his family in the town of Mhambel, south of Idlib.” They did not identify who was responsible but that Russian, regime, and Iranian drones had been used in the area before.

Al Araby alleged that Iran was responsible for the strike, naming the man killed as Ahmed Al-Rabie. According to Al Araby, the victims were fishermen and the “Iranian drone targeted his workplace while fishing on the banks of the Orontes River.” Zaman Al Wasl and Syria TV also blamed Iran for the drone strike.

Baladi News attributed the drone to the regime and Russian forces and included an image of White Helmets removing the body of the civilian killed. Syrian Today identified the regime as operating the drone, while the Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Today, Monday, a civilian was killed and another wounded, as a result of targeting them by a suicide drone in Khirbet al-Naqus in the al-Ghab Plain, west of Hama. The Civil Defense reported that a drone targeted the two young men while they were fishing in the Asi River near the village of Khirbet al-Naqus in al-Ghab Plain, west of Hama. (Image posted by Zaiton)
  • Caption translation: A civilian was killed, and another was wounded this evening, Monday, in the bombing of a regime forces' drone in the Al-Ghab Plain, west of Hama. Baladi News correspondent in Hama said that the young man, "Ahmed Mustafa Al-Rabee," died and another was wounded, as a result of an aerial bombardment of a drone by the regime and Russian forces near the village of Khirbet al-Naqus in Sahl al-Ghab in the western countryside of Hama. (Image posted by Baladi News)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Orontes, or Asi river (العاصي‎) in the vicinity of Khirbet Al Naqus (خربة الناقوس) village. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for the river closest to Khirbet Al Naqus are: 35.644802, 36.286705.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Orontes, or Asi river (العاصي‎) in the vicinity of Khirbet Al Naqus (خربة الناقوس) village.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4301

Incident date

March 21, 2021

Location

موقف مقطورة في جوار باب الهوى, Trailer park in the vicinity of Bab Al Hawa, Idlib , Syria

Geolocation

36.215083, 36.711222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians were killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Sarmada near the Bab Al Hawa border areas in the evening of March 21, 2021.

The number of alleged air strikes was reported as 7 in a tweet by @Sy24ria. According to Al Modon News, the airstrikes were preceded by a long-range Russian missile strike on the same area.

Most sources identified only one civilian as being killed, including a tweet from @ShahbaPress reported “a martyr and wounded civilians as a result of Russian warplanes bombing a garage near the Bab al-Hawa crossing, north of Idlib.” Jisr Press reported that “that several serious injuries occurred among civilians.” A tweet from @IdlibPlus also reported one person killed and “several wounded.” A video posted by @syr_television shows civil defense teams removing someone in a body bag. However, a tweet from @mh197351 refers to “unidentified martyrs, their bodies were blown off by the Russian bombardment” indicating there were multiple people killed.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, the airstrikes hit “a cement factory and truck garage in the Bab al-Hawa border area in the northern countryside of Idlib, and the raids caused large fires in trucks.” A tweet from @okpazobany identified the location as being near the Bab al-Hawa gas plant and a tweet by @Sy24ria places the strikes as occurring on the road connecting the city of Sarmada and Bab Al Hawa. Reuters reported that “dozens of trailers carrying goods in a parking lot near the border crossing of Bab al Hawa were set aflame” and that this was a “fuel facilities that serve an economic lifeline for a region that is home to more than four million people.”

Anadolu Agency News describes the area as being opposite the Turkish Reyhanli district in Hatay Province and in the “de-escalation zone.” Al Modon News also pointed out that they were near camps for internally displaced persons and Jisr Press identified those injured as residing in the camps for the displaced.

A video posted by Edlib Media Center shows the immediate aftermath of the airstrike with vehicles on fire and white helmets arriving in an ambulance. Videos posted by Syrian Civil Defense and MMC show massive fires from alleged Russian airstrikes and the civil defense teams working to put them out. Images posted by @IdlibPlus also show the flames and dust that resulted from the airstrikes.

Enab baladi reported that the area bombed is “the artery for the entry of UN aid to the opposition-controlled areas in northern Syria.”

According to Reuters, “the spokesman for the National Army, a Turkish-backed rebel alliance in the northwest, said Russia, which backs the government in Damascus, sought to destabilise the last rebel stronghold in Syria and disrupt commercial activity” and “Turkey’s Defence Ministry said a missile launched by Syrian government forces had struck Qah and a truck and trailer park near Sarmada, injuring seven civilians” in addition to asking Russia to stop the attacks.

A statement issued by the US Department of State stated  that “Russian airstrikes struck Idlib near the Bab al-Hawa border crossing with Turkey, reportedly killing one civilian and putting access to much needed assistance at risk.” They also added that Bab al Hawa is the “only UN-authorized humanitarian border crossing in Syria and remains the most efficient and effective way to provide life-saving humanitarian assistance to approximately 2.4 million Syrians every month.”

All of the sources attributed the air strikes to Russia.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Image provided by Syrian Network for Human Rights of the civilian Ghiath Talla’a who was killed by alleged Russian strikes of Sarmada city near the Bab al Hawa border crossing on March 21, 2021.

Geolocation notes (6) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a trailer park being struck in the vicinity of Bab Al Hawa ( باب الهوى) crossing, north of Sarmada (سرمدا).  Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to these coordinates: 36.215083, 36.711222.

  • Reports of the incident mention a trailer park being struck in the vicinity of Bab Al Hawa ( باب الهوى) crossing, north of Sarmada (سرمدا).  Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to exact coordinates. Close up of site with tags from source material.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    AFP News Agency

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    AFP News Agency

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    AFP News Agency

  • Satellite imagery from Sentinel-2 shows the building was built around October 2020, explaining why the are is not present on the Google Earth satellite imagery dating March 2020.

    Imagery:
    Sentinel-2

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4300

Incident date

March 14, 2021

Location

الحمران, Al Hamran, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.618697, 37.769365 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and three others injured as a result of alleged Russian or Syrian regime shelling with surface-to-surface missiles carrying cluster bombs on the village of Al-Hamran, east of Aleppo on March 14th, It coincided with similar shelling on the village of Tarhin which reportedly caused major fires in the makeshift fuel refineries. The shelling targeted Al Hamran’s fuel market near the crossing in Jarablus countryside, and led to massive fires as well.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that attack injured a number of workers and civilians.

This attack comes a week after a similar attack which resulted in the outbreak of the largest fires in the area, which burned down over 180 oil trucks. The area is under the control of Turkish forces and Syrian National Army.

@Step_Agency reported that a ballistic missile fell on the Al-Hamran crossing in Aleppo countryside. They said “A number of dead and wounded, as a result of shelling by a ballistic missile originating from the Syrian regime forces stationed at Kuiris airport, which targeted the vicinity of the Hamran crossing in the eastern countryside of Aleppo shortly before.”

@Ahmadaboalmged said “Bombardment with cluster missiles originating from the military bases of the militias of the regime and Russia in the village of Saidia targeting the Al-Hamran area in the Jarablus countryside, east of Aleppo.”

Local sources blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime for this incident.

@syriapostnew1 said that the attack was undertaken by the Syrian regime which targeted a gathering of oil tanks in Hamran crossing in Jarablus leading to fires.  However @HalabTodayTV blamed Russia, and @anasanas84 said ‘Russian and Iranian militias’. Some sources said the rockets came from unknown sources.

@Ahmadaboalmged said that regime and Russia militias stationed in Al Saidiya village shelled the area, while Baladi said it was from regime stationed at Kuweiris military airport.

 

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: For the second time during the current month only. Violent missile strikes by the Syrian regime target a gathering of oil tankers at the Al-Hamran crossing in the Jarablus countryside, east of Aleppo, causing huge fires, and the area is under Turkish influence and the control of militias of the so-called Syrian National Army.
  • Caption translation: Unidentified missiles target the private fuel market under the control of Turkish-backed militants in Al-Hamran in the Jarablus countryside in northeastern Aleppo.
  • Caption translation: Assad gangs target with ballistic missiles from the Kuwairis airport, the Al-Hamran crossing in Jarablus countryside, and the fuel refinery stations in the Terhine area, east of Aleppo.
  • The location in Al Hamran and Tarhin allegedly targeted by Russia or the Syrian regime on March 14th. (via @Najdat567)
  • The location in Al Hamran and Tarhin allegedly targeted by Russia or the Syrian regime on March 14th. (via @Najdat567)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Hamran ( الحمران), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.618697, 37.769365. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4299

Incident date

March 5, 2021

Location

الحمران, Al Hamran , Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.631991, 37.772713 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

Four civilians including a Syrian Civil Defence volunteer were killed, up to 42 others injured, and one civilian went missing as a result of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime shelling with surface to surface missiles on oil refinery stations in Tarhin and Hamran villages in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. The Syrian Civil Defence referred to the targeted area as ‘fuel market’. The injured civilians endured burns as a result of the fires, as it took the Civil Defence volunteer teams more than 19 hours to put the fire off.

In the total toll of those killed and injured, Syrian Civil Defence said that four people were killed including a civil defence volunteer and 42 injured, 38 in Al Hamran and 4 in Tarhin.

The shelling caused huge fires which consequently led to the explosion of an oil tank killing the Syrian Civil Defence volunteer Ahmad Al Waki who was among the team working to put off the fires. Ahmad is a father of two children who are not older than 4 years. Local sources also named a missing civilian as Ahmad Al Junaid Al Barho from Marran village.

Syrian Civil Defence posted images and videos showing their volunteers respond to the fires and trying to put them off. The fires erupted in the oil refinery stations in Tarhin and fuel tanks that crossed through Hamran crossing.

The Syrian Observatory mentioned that over 180 oil tanks were burned and between 30 people were killed and injured. Step News said the losses calculated of the attacks amounts to 6 million dollars. “200 trucks were burned, 20 of them loaded with oil, in addition to the burning of 15 tanks and 4 oil burners, with losses estimated at 6 million dollars, as a preliminary outcome.” SCD said that the area was reportedly targeted with 7 missiles (Three Tochka missiles loaded with Cluster Bombs) and another 4 Tocka and Surface to Surface missiles also loaded with Cluster Bombs. More than 200 oil tankers were destroyed and 2 SCD vehicles were damaged during the efforts to put out the fire.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights confirmed that “Russian warplanes stationed near the Syrian coastline fired three surface-to-surface missiles near an oil market and oil refineries close to Al-Hamaran area in Jarabulus in north-eastern Aleppo. ” However, the source accused the Syrian regime of responsibility for attacking Tarhin. “everal rockets, believed to be fired from regime military barracks in Aleppo, hit refineries in Tarhin in the eastern countryside of Aleppo, which resulted in the outbreak of large fires in the area.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights provided some details on the incident. “Russian carried out two synchronous attacks using long-range missiles on the eastern suburbs of Aleppo governorate. The first attack took place at 19:05 targeting the crossing at al Humran – a square where tanks loaded with fuel were gathered – in the area on the dividing line between the territories controlled by Syrian Democratic Forces and the Syrian National Army in eastern Aleppo governorate. The bombardment resulted in the deaths of at least three civilians and the injury of 23 others, in addition to the burning of dozens of tankers in the area. Less than an hour later, at 20:00, the same forces carried out another attack on the area against a group of fuel burners – rudimentary refineries used in refining operations for crude oil – in Tarhin village in the south of Jarablos city, also in eastern Aleppo governorate, resulting in the death of a Civil Defense member, named as Ahmad al Waki, while he was extinguishing fires that broke out in the area, as well as putting two emergency vehicles out of service.”

Shaam Network said “The Assad forces and the Russian forces targeted the fuel market in the Hamran area in the countryside of Jarablus city, and the oil burners in the village of Tarhine in the countryside of Al-Bab city, with surface-to-ground missiles, which led to the outbreak of huge fires. To put out the fires, three civilians were also killed and 27 others were wounded in the area.”

At the start, the Syrian Civil Defence said that the missiles source is unknown but later accused Russia and the regime for responsibility.

Step News correspondent said that the oil trucks belong to Ahrar Al Sharqiya  and that most workers in the refinery belong to Ahrar Al Sharqiya.

The incident occured between 7:00 pm and 8:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–42
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (51) [ collapse]

  • Huge fires erupted in oil finery stations in Tarhin, Al Baba as a result of shelling on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers responding to huge fires that erupted in oil finery stations in Tarhin, Al Baba as a result of shelling on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers responding to huge fires that erupted in oil finery stations in Tarhin, Al Baba as a result of shelling on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers responding to huge fires that erupted in oil finery stations in Tarhin, Al Baba as a result of shelling on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Fires that erupted in oil finery stations in Tarhin, Al Baba as a result of shelling on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Ahmad Al-Waki, a Syrian Civil Defence volunteer was killed while participating in putting off fires that broke out in oil refinery stations in Tarhin as a result of shelling. A fuel tank exploded and killed Ahmad. (via SCD)
  • Fires in oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo as a result of alleged Russia or Syrian regime missiles. Syrian Civil Defence volunteers worked to put the fire off and lost a volunteer during the operation. (via SCD)
  • Fires in oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo as a result of alleged Russia or Syrian regime missiles. Syrian Civil Defence volunteers worked to put the fire off and lost a volunteer during the operation. (via SCD)
  • Fires in oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo as a result of alleged Russia or Syrian regime missiles. Syrian Civil Defence volunteers worked to put the fire off and lost a volunteer during the operation. (via SCD)
  • Fires in oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo as a result of alleged Russia or Syrian regime missiles. Syrian Civil Defence volunteers worked to put the fire off and lost a volunteer during the operation. (via SCD)
  • Fires in oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo as a result of alleged Russia or Syrian regime missiles. Syrian Civil Defence volunteers worked to put the fire off and lost a volunteer during the operation. (via SCD)
  • Fires in oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo as a result of alleged Russia or Syrian regime missiles. Syrian Civil Defence volunteers worked to put the fire off and lost a volunteer during the operation. (via SCD)
  • Volunteers of the Syrian Civil Defence resting during their efforts to put off fires in the oil refinery stations in Hamran, Aleppo on March 5th. (via SCD).
  • Funeral of Ahmad Al Waki, SCD volunteer who got killed while responding to fires in oil refinery stations in Tarhin/Hamra in Aleppo on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Funeral of Ahmad Al Waki, SCD volunteer who got killed while responding to fires in oil refinery stations in Tarhin/Hamra in Aleppo on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Funeral of Ahmad Al Waki, SCD volunteer who got killed while responding to fires in oil refinery stations in Tarhin/Hamra in Aleppo on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Funeral of Ahmad Al Waki, SCD volunteer who got killed while responding to fires in oil refinery stations in Tarhin/Hamra in Aleppo on March 5th. (via SCD)
  • Translation: Pictures taken by SY24 correspondent show the effects of the fires that afflicted a makeshift fuel refinery in the town of Tarhin in the eastern countryside of Aleppo, as a result of yesterday's ballistic missile strikes.
  • Aftermath of huge fires caused by shelling on oil refinery stations in Tarhin, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @Sy24ria)
  • Aftermath of huge fires caused by shelling on oil refinery stations in Tarhin, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @Sy24ria)
  • Aftermath of huge fires caused by shelling on oil refinery stations in Tarhin, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @Sy24ria)
  • Aftermath of huge fires caused by shelling on oil refinery stations in Tarhin, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @Sy24ria)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: Pictures of a number of civilian casualties as a result of the Iranian Russians targeting the Tarhin and Al-Hamran areas in the Jarablus countryside.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: Pictures of a number of civilian casualties as a result of the Iranian Russians targeting the Tarhine and Al-Hamran areas in the Jarablus countryside.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of shelling that led to a fire in oil refinery stations in Tarhin, Jarablus on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • Translation: Pictures of a number of civilian casualties as a result of the Iranian Russians targeting the Tarhin and Al-Hamran areas in the Jarablus countryside.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties as a result of fires caused by alleged Russian shelling on Tarhin in Jarablus, Aleppo on March 5th. (via @L1YXASnkTiI2fcR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling on oil refinery area in Hamran, Aleppo. (via @ZaitunAgency)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling on oil refinery area in Hamran, Aleppo. (via @ZaitunAgency)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling on oil refinery area in Hamran, Aleppo. (via @ZaitunAgency)
  • Unidentified injured man in Jarablus hospital. (via Al Bab FB)
  • Satellite images by Associated Press of the location where missiles hit oil refinery stations in Jarablus.
  • Satellite images by Associated Press of the location where missiles hit oil refinery stations in Jarablus.
  • Satellite images by Associated Press of the location where missiles hit oil refinery stations in Jarablus.
  • Ahmed Al-Junaid Al-Barhu from the village of Maran went missing due to the bombing on Al-Hamran village. (via Abd Al Ghani Al Ahmad)
  • Syrian Defence volunteers surveying the area that was a target of regime or Russia shelling in Tarhin to clear it of any exploded ordinances. (via SCD),
  • Syrian Defence volunteers surveying the area that was a target of regime or Russia shelling in Tarhin to clear it of any exploded ordinances. (via SCD),
  • Syrian Defence volunteers surveying the area that was a target of regime or Russia shelling in Tarhin to clear it of any exploded ordinances. (via SCD),
  • Syrian Defence volunteers surveying the area that was a target of regime or Russia shelling in Tarhin to clear it of any exploded ordinances. (via SCD),
  • The outcome of the targeting by the regime and Russia, on March 5th evening evening of the villages of Tarhin and Al-Hamran, east of Aleppo, with missiles carrying cluster bombs. (via SCD)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the oil refineries of Al Hamran (الحمران) for which the exact coordinates, as reported by the Associated Press are: 36.631991, 37.772713.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–42
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4297

Incident date

February 24, 2021

Location

عين الحمرا, Ain Al Hamra, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.766540, 36.429556 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Local sources said that that six civilians from one family in Ain Al Hamra were injured when a cluster bomb from previous Russian or Syrian regime bombing that was in their house yard exploded on February 24th, 2021. The injuries varied in terms of severity.

Two children and two women are among those injured. The Syrian Civil Defence showed images of their volunteers moving civilians to hospital for treatment and following up on their conditions by a home visit.

No further information is available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence treating civilians injured as a result of an explosion of a cluster bomb remnant of war in Ain Hamra in Idlib on Feb 24th, 2021. (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers moving civilians injured by a cluster bomb explosion to hospital. The explosion occurred in Ain Hamra in Idlib on Feb 24, 2021. (via Baladi)
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers moving civilians injured by a cluster bomb explosion to hospital. The explosion occurred in Ain Hamra in Idlib on Feb 24, 2021. (via Baladi)
  • Caption translation: Civil Defense: Six civilians from one family (including two children and two women) were injured in varying degrees, following the explosion of a cluster bomb remnants of the bombing of the regime and Russia, which was in the garden of their home in the village of Ain al-Hamra in the southwestern countryside of Idlib.
  • Caption translation: After most of the family members were injured several days ago when a cluster bomb remnants of the previous bombing of the regime and Russia exploded in Ain al-Hamra in the southwestern Idlib countryside, volunteers of the Syrian Civil Defense monitor the health status of the injured and provide them with the necessary medical services.
  • Female volunteers with the Syrian Civil Defence check on civilians injured by the explosion of a cluster bomb in Ain Hamra in Idlib on Feb 24th, 2021. (via @SyriaCivilDefe )
  • Female volunteers with the Syrian Civil Defence check on civilians injured by the explosion of a cluster bomb in Ain Hamra in Idlib on Feb 24th, 2021. (via @SyriaCivilDefe )
  • Female volunteers with the Syrian Civil Defence visit victims of a cluster bomb explosion in their home in Ain Hamra in Idlib. (via @SyriaCivilDefe )

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Ain Al Hamra (عين الحمرا), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.766540, 36.429556. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4296

Incident date

February 9, 2021

Location

ترحين, Tarhin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between two and five civilians were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the village of Tarhin, Aleppo governorate, on February 9th, 2021, according to local sources. Up to 10 civilians, including children, were injured.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported: “SOHR activists say that five people, including three unidentified, were killed and four others were injured, this evening, in surface-to-surface missiles fired by the Russian military base in Hmeimim on the oil refineries in the village of Tarhin in the areas held by Turkish-backed factions in Aleppo countryside. The strikes resulted in fires and significant damage to civilians’ property.” The SOHR, however, added that other sources reported that the missiles came from the military academy in Aleppo.

The Syrian Civil Defence wrote on Facebook: “One dead, a number of injured and huge fires by the missile strikes that targeted the primitive fuel refineries in the village of Tarhin, east of Aleppo, this evening, Tuesday, February 9th, our teams are working to search for survivors in addition to extinguishing the fires burning in the place.”

On their website, the SCD wrote that a Toshka surface-to-surface missile loaded with cluster bombs was fired on the village, “which led to the killing of two civilians and wounding four others, as well as the outbreak of very large fires due to the nature of the area, which includes a large number of fuel tanks and primitive refineries.”

Assad Al Zalam posted the names of four victims on Facebook: the men Abdul Hadi Al Hammadi and Muhammad Al Hammadi were killed, while Omar Jumaa Al Ahmad and Abdullah Al Ahmad were reported injured. The source added that the wounded were brought to Al Bab Al Jadid Hospital.

Activists told Shaam News Network that “several long-range missiles targeted the oil burners in the village of Tarhin in the countryside of Aleppo, causing a martyr to fall and wounded among civilians, including children.”

According to Syria News, illegal oil refining burners of Turkey-affiliated militants were targeted, leading to injuries among “the gunmen”, indicating that combatants were injured in the strikes.

@IdlibPlus reported five killed people and a number of injured on the Haragat area of the village of Tarhin. A local source told North Press Agency Syria that “five civilians were killed and ten others were wounded, as a preliminary outcome, with a ground-to-ground missile that targeted Haragat sites in the village of Tarhin, in the eastern countryside of Aleppo.”

Anadolu Agency said that “at least six ballistic missiles fell on the Tarhin area, killing two civilians and wounding six others, in an initial outcome.” @Sy24ria tweeted that three civilians were killed and four others were injured.

Al Modon wrote: “A military source in the National Army confirmed to Al Modon that the Toshka-type surface-to-surface missiles were loaded with cluster bombs from the regime-controlled areas, targeting the town of Tarhin.”

Sources blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime for the strikes.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the village of Tarhin, Aleppo governorate, on February 9th, 2021 (via Halab Today TV).
  • Remnants of a missile after alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the village of Tarhin, Aleppo governorate, on February 9th, 2021 (via Halab Today TV).
  • Footage of alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Tarhin, Aleppo governorate, on February 9th, 2021 (via Breaking News).
  • Translation: “Unidentified bombing targets the Tarhin area near the city of Al Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo” (via @mohmad_rasheed).
  • Translation: “The Russian occupation base in Handarat, north of Aleppo, has repeatedly bombed the Euphrates Shield areas in the countryside of Aleppo, and this time its Tochka missiles reached the Tarhin area near Al Bab, where primitive fuel refining stations are spread” (via @khaleedalkhteb).
  • Translation: “The effects of destruction in the Tarhine area in the countryside of Al-Bab city in the countryside of Aleppo, as a result of regime forces' shelling with missiles” (via SY-24).
  • Translation: “The effects of destruction in the Tarhin area in the countryside of Al Bab city in the countryside of Aleppo, as a result of its bombardment by the regime forces with missiles, killing three civilians and four injuries yesterday night” (via @Sy24ria).
  • Remnants of a missile after alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the village of Tarhin, Aleppo governorate, on February 9th, 2021 (via SyriaTV).

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the oil refineries in the area west of the village of Tarhin (ترحين) being struck. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tarhin are are: 36.516944, 37.541389

  • Reports of the incident mention the oil refineries in the area west of the village of Tarhin (ترحين) being struck.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4295

Incident date

February 2, 2021

Location

قورقانيا, Qurqania, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two people were seriously injured in an alleged Russian airstrike on a mountainous area in Qurqania, north of Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. @SuheylAli said that vacuum missiles were used in the attack.

This wasn’t the only attack that took place on the day, as local sources reported similar attacks on Harbanoush, Kafr Arrouq and the town of Sheikh Bahr which are all subject to the ceasefire agreement between Turkey and Russia.

Local sources said the Russian airstrikes were in conjunction with artillery shelling by the regime forces on the area. However, all sources blamed Russia specifically for the Qurqania airstrike. Sy-24 said that Russian reconnaissance aircraft flew over Idlib following the airstrikes carried out by the warplanes.

Civilian harm resulting from this airstrike is contested, and the identity of the two injured is unclear. The Syrian Civil Defense said “two people were seriously injured as a result of the Russian warplanes bombing of a mountainous area near the town of Qurqania, north of Idlib.” But Al Yaum TV and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that “several fighters of opposition factions sustained various injuries due to today’s airstrikes by Russian jets on rebel positions in Idlib countryside.” However, Halab Today TV and Ugarit post said there were no reports of civilian casualties in the airstrikes.

No further information is available at the moment.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–2

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence can be seen in the location of an earlier alleged Russian airstrike on Qurqania in Idlib on Feb 2nd, 2021. (via SCD).
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes with vacuum missiles on Qurqania in Idlib on Feb 2nd. (via @SuheylAli).
  • Alleged Russian airstrike on Qurqania in Idlib in Feb 2nd. (via @HalabTodayTV)
  • Caption translation: "The moment the Russian occupation air forces targeted the town of Korkania today."
  • Caption translation: "The Russian occupation forces launched airstrikes with missiles on the outskirts of the town of Korqania, north of Idlib."
  • Caption translation: "The moment Russian warplanes targeted the Kerkania area in the northern Idlib countryside."
  • Caption translation: "Russian warplanes bomb the vicinity of the village of Korknia in the Idlib Governorate."
  • Caption translation; "The moment the Russian occupation bombed the town of Korknia, north of Idlib."
  • Russian warplanes activities over Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. (via Qurqania news)
  • Russian warplanes activities over Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. (via Qurqania news)
  • Russian warplanes activities over Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. (via Qurqania news)
  • Russian warplanes activities over Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. (via Qurqania news)
  • Russian warplanes activities over Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. (via Qurqania news)
  • Russian warplanes activities over Idlib on February 2nd, 2021. (via Qurqania news)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–2

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4294

Incident date

November 23, 2020

Location

البارة, Al Bara, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.68599, 36.54239 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and others injured in alleged Russian or Syrian artillery shelling on Al-Bara in Idlib, on November 23rd, 2020 according to local sources.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, “Muhammad Eidou Shartah was killed while other civilians were injured when Syrian regime artillery forces fired shells at houses in al Bara village in Jabal al Zaweya area in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate on November 23rd.”

The Network also added that this attack is considered a violation to the ceasefire agreement reached following consultations between the Turkish and Russian presidents, which came into effect on March 6th, 2020.

No further information is available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: "A civilian martyr as a result of artillery and missile strikes from the Russian occupation militia and Bashar al-Assad's gangs on the town of Al-Bara in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib."

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Bara (البارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.68599, 36.54239. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]