Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4387

Incident date

September 8, 2021

Location

مرعيان, Marayan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was killed and one to five others, including a child, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on a home and medical facility in Marayan on September 8, 2021.

According to @HadiAlabdallah, Russian airstrikes hit Marian Medical Center, the last medical center in Jabal Al-Zawiya, and killed one woman and seriously wounded a child. @thawrat111 reported that the child had to have his hand amputated due to the severity of the injury.

@Gurbtwatan provided the name of the woman that was killed: Fatima Khatib.

Syrian Civil Defense added that the woman killed was the mother of the child that was injured and that the damage to the clinic was so extensive that the clinic was no longer able to serve patients.

@YusufAd76532779 reported that both the woman and her child were killed, and others were wounded in the strikes.

@BassamJaara identified Fatima as being the wife of the director of the medical center and a post by Mar`aian added that she was the “daughter of the martyr Khaled Al-Dadoush.”

The “Syrian Media Association” said in a statement: “With great sadness and sorrow, we received, today, Wednesday, September 8, 2021, the news of the death of the mother of our colleague “Qasim Khatib”, a member of the association, in artillery shelling by the Russian forces that targeted their house and a medical point in Marian village

Activist Mustafa Al-Mohammed told Alaraby News that the Russian warplanes bombed separate areas in Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern countryside of Idlib, targeting a medical point and civilian homes in Marayan district, killing a woman and wounding five others with varying degrees.

Marian Medical Center, which was destroyed in the strike, served over 50,000 civilians living in Jabal al-Zawiya and was the only medical clinic in this area, providing medical care to around 150 patients a day.

The Syria Response Coordinators Team published a picture of the targeted medical point and commented on it: “This is what remains of the only medical point in the town of Marayan, which provides the simplest services to the residents of the villages and towns of Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

Sources were conflicted as to whether the regime or Russia or both forces were responsible for the strikes. Additionally, a few sources, including Anadolu Agency, mentioned that militias tied to Iran were also involved. Many of sources identified Krasnopol laser guided shells as being used in the attack and Zaman Al Wasl reported that more than 10 shells were used.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (31) [ collapse]

  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @sebusher)
  • Airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @sebusher)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • While Helmets work to rescue victims following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
    While Helmets work to rescue victims following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child had to have his hand amputated following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @thawrat111)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @_AlRasid1_)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @syria55s)
  • Interior damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Alaraby News)
  • Fires caused by strikes on Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Ugarit Post)
  • Sign for Marian Medical Center, destroyed in airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • The martyrdom of Mrs. "Fatima Khatib" as a result of artillery shelling by the Russian occupation forces on the medical point in the village of Mara'an, south of Idlib..
  • The medical point in the village of Mara’an in Jabal Al-Zawiya went out of service today, Wednesday, September 8, after being targeted by artillery shelling by the regime forces and Russia, and on this day 3 years ago, regime helicopters targeted and destroyed a hospital in the town of Hass with barrel bombs. A systematic policy of targeting life forms for more than 10 years without any accountability or accountability for these crimes.
  • Sign for Marian Medical Center, destroyed in airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • White Helmets work to put out fires caused by airstrikes on Marian on September 8, 2021. 9Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets work to put out fires caused by airstrikes on Marian on September 8, 2021. 9Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4388

Incident date

September 8–9, 2021

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between four and six civilians, including two women, were injured by Russian or regime forces on September 8/9, 2021.

According to @ajmurgent, five civilians were wounded, including a woman, in artillery shelling by the regime forces while a tweet from @mhmdfaisel put the injury toll at four.

A tweet from @thawrat111 listed the named of those injured: Ismail Mohamed Arian – 30 years old; Abdullah Kestan Ibn Mustafa; Abd al-Qadir al-Muna Ibn Muhammad (hand injury); Nuras Alnaayib – 36 years old (back injury); Wessal Sobhi Mlecho (face injury).

A post by @Jabal.Alzaweya.today added that Ahmed Al Naeb Ibn Anas was also injured and suffered a chest injury from the shelling.

Baladi News reported that six civilians, including a woman, were injured when more than five shells struck residential neighborhoods in Ariha after midnight Wednesday-Thursday. Two of the civilians with serious injuries were transferred to Bab Al-Hawa Hospital.

Sources were conflicted as to whether Russia, the regime, or Iran was responsible for the strikes. Baladi News pointed to the regime forces and the militias supporting them stationed in the city of Saraqib as being responsible for the shelling, adding that the shelling coincided with Russian reconnaissance of the area and the passage of several Turkish vehicles on the Aleppo-Lattakia International Highway.

The incident occured after midnight.

  • Ismail Mohamed Arian 30 years old injured
  • Abdullah Kestan Ibn Mustafa Age unknown injured
  • Abd al-Qadir al-Muna Ibn Muhammad Age unknown injured
  • Nuras Alnaayib 36 years old female injured
  • Wessal Sobhi Mlecho Age unknown female injured
  • Ahmed Al Naeb Ibn Anas Age unknown

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Shelling of the town of Ariha on September 8/9. 2021. (Image posted by Baladi News)
  • Six injuries as a result of the artillery shelling that targeted the city of Ariha by the regime forces and their Russian ally, in conjunction with the flight of reconnaissance aircraft over the city. The names of the injured 1- Ismail Muhammad Arian 2- Abdullah Kestan, son of Mustafa 3- Abd al-Qadir al-Muna, son of Muhammad 4- Nawras Al Naeb woman . 5- Wessal Sobhi Mlecho, a woman 6- Ahmed Al Naeb Ibn Anas had a chest injury
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Victims of the shelling of the town of Ariha being treated at a medical facility on September 8/9. 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search for victims following strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search for victims following strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Victims of the shelling of the town of Ariha being treated at a medical facility on September 8/9. 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4384

Incident date

September 4, 2021

Location

الكفير, Al Kafir, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and four civilians, including one to two women and one child, were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery strikes on al-Kafir on September 7, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense (SCD), a woman was seriously injured in artillery shelling in al-Kafir

@baladinetwork put the injury toll at three injuries from the strikes while Nedaa Post identified four civilians, a child, two women and a man, as being injured.

Other source that reported on this incident referred to “civilians” as being injured but did not specify how many civilians.

The SCD pointed out that civilian homes were affect by the artillery shelling.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the shelling. The Syrian Civil Defense attributed the incident to both the regime and Russia while Radio Al Kul blamed only the regime for the artillery shelling. 7al News specifically identified regime forces stationed in “Jorin” camp, west of the city of Hama, as being responsible for the strikes.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defense members search an affected area following artillery shelling of the village of al-Kafir on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4386

Incident date

September 7, 2021

Location

مدينة ادلب, حي الضبيط, Al-Dabit neighbourhood, Idlib city, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between four and five civilians, including a child, were reported killed and up to 15 other civilians injured in alleged Syrian regime or Russian artillery attacks in Idlib city, on September 7 2021. Andalou Agency was alone in reporting that the attack was also carried out by Iranian backed militias.

This attack was widely noted as being the first escalation of violence since a ceasefire deal between Russia and Turkey signed in March 2020.

The area of the city, reported as the neighbourhood Al-Dabit, was described by one Twitter user as being “crowded with civilians” (@Muslim98F16). The buildings most affected by the shelling were reported to include a family swimming pool (thought to be “Al Husari pool”), with one source claiming that a wedding party was also present (@sarkiss18).

Syrian Civil Defense posted on Facebook: “A dangerous escalation of the regime and Russia forces on the city of #Idlib, the largest population center in northwestern #Syria, indicates a new catastrophe… Who will stop these deadly attacks on civilians?”

One of the victims was reported by multiple sources to be Dr Noureddin Ghafir, who was killed alongside his 12 year old son, Majed Al-Din Ghafir. Dr Ghafir was reported to be a professor at the Faculty of Administration and Economics and Al-Nahda University. Some sources mentioned that he was also the Vice President of Idlib University for Administrative Affairs. An adult man Abu Ahmad Sabbagh was also named on Facebook by Abdallah Amiri to have died as a result of injuries sustained in the incident.

Multiple sources mentioned that a young woman, Jude Yasser Shara, was also killed as a result of the artillery shelling. Shara was reported to have recently graduated from an undergraduate degree, and was working in a kindergarten in Idlib City:

“A 21-year-old woman, named as Joud Yaser Shreit, who was a BA graduate in Psychology and the head of al Seraj al Munir Kindergarten for Memorizing the Holy Quran, was one of the victims who were killed in Syrian regime’s heavy artillery bombardment of al Dbeit neighborhood in the west of Idlib city on the evening of September 7” (Syria Network for Human Rights).

Her last Facebook post, uploaded minutes before she died, was circulated by the Idlib Media Center. She had written: “Oh God, good in every choice, and light in every darkness, and ease in every difficulty, the reality of all that we wish. Oh God, by the size of the beauty of your paradise, show me the beauty of the next in my life and fulfil for me what I wish, and comfort my heart. Oh God, the satisfaction that makes our hearts calm, our worries fleeting, and our misfortunes easy”.

Laser-guided missiles were widely reported to have been used in the attack, with Syria Press alleging that it was the Russian ‘Krasnapol’ missile. Other sources referred to the artillery as rocket-propelled grenades or surface-to-surface missiles.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (43) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • Video published by Idlib Media Center (EMC) reporting to show the initial artillery strikes on the city of Idlib, September 7 2021 (via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Second video published by Idlib Media Center (EMC) showing bodies being lifted from alleged artillery bombardment on a residential neighbourhood in Idlib city, September 7 2021 (via Facebook).
  • Doctors tend to a child harmed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The face of a child reported to have been killed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (Image published by MMC via Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Doctors attempt to treat a child with head injuries resulting from alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (Image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • A building turned to rubble with fire burning in the wreckage, a result of alleged Syrian regime or Russian artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021 (image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • Smoke rises over Idlib City, as reported by Idlib Media Center (MMC) to indicate artillery shelling on September 7 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "More than 5 martyrs and dozens wounded in the bombing of the Syrian regime forces targeting a wedding party in a popular swimming pool in the vicinity of the city of #Idlib" via @sarkiss18 on Twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The dismembered body of what appears to be a child, reportedly killed by Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes in Idlib City on September 7 2021 (Image posted by @sarkiss18 via Twitter)
  • A building on fire in Idlib City on September 7 2021, reported to have resulted from Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks (Image posted by @sarkiss18 on Twitter)
  • "The rise of Dr. "Nour El-Din Ghafir", a teacher at the Faculty of Administration and Economics at Al-Nahda University, and his child, "Majd El-Din Ghafir", following the bombing of the city of #Idlib" - @SRoudinah2 via Twitter
  • Video posted by Al Jazeera showing the aftermath of reported shelling on Idlib City, September 7 2021.
  • White Helmets volunteers search through the rubble in Idlib City resulting from Russian or Syria regime artillery attacks, as reported by Syria Network for Human Rights.
  • White Helmets volunteers use torches to search through the rubble of a collapsed building, posted by Idlib Plus. Reports allege the building was hit by Russian or Syrian Regime "laser guided shells" (Idlib Plus).
  • The aftermath of reported shelling by Syrian Regime or Russian forces in Idlib City September 7 2021. White Helmets search through the rubble at night and appear to carry a body found in the wreckage. Video via @IdlibPlus on Twitter
  • Image taken by White Helmets Volunteers after the reported shelling of Idlib City September 7 2021, allegedly carried out by Syrian Regime or Russian forces (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • White Helmets volunteers look over a body in an ambulance, related to the reported artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021 (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • Dr Noureddin Ghafir was reportedly killed alongside his son on September 7 2021 when Russian or Syrian artillery shelling hit Idlib City (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • An image of a child's toy in rubble posted by Syrian Civil Defense reported to have been taken in the debris caused by Russian or Syrian Regime artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021. Multiple reports mentioned that a family swimming pool had been affected by the shelling.
  • A man stands in front of a building reported to have been hit the previous night by Russian or Syrian artillery shelling in Idlib City September 7 2021 (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • An image posted by Syrian Civil Defense after Russian and Syrian regime forces allegedly hit Idlib City with artillery strikes.
  • Hadaf Kindergarten post a tribute to Majed Al-Din Ghafir, reportedly killed in Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021. Image posted via Facebook. Image reads: And give good tidings to the patient We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return Administering and teachers of #Model _ Goal _ Kindergarten 😔 We extend our deepest condolences and condolences to the family of Al Ghafir for the death of Dr. (Nouruddin Ghafir) And the distinguished and decent child (Majd Al-Din Ghafir) May Allah accept them from the martyrs, raise their position, and empty their family and family patience and solace, O Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
  • "Oh God, good in every choice, and light in every darkness, and ease in every difficulty, the reality of all that we wish. Oh God, by the size of the beauty of your paradise, show me the beauty of the next in my life and fulfil for me what I wish, and comfort my heart. Oh God, the satisfaction that makes our hearts calm, our worries fleeting, and our misfortunes easy".

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (43) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4381

Incident date

September 2, 2021

Location

الفريكة, Al Farika, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A least one civilian, a 17 year old girl, was killed and one to two others were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Farika village on September 2, 2021.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, a woman named Fatimah Adnan Hussein was killed while other civilians were injured in Syrian regime forces’ artillery shelling of Farika village.

Syrian Civil Defense added that Fatima had only been married for two months and when she was killed she was visiting with her family for the last time. @anasanas84 reported that she was only 17 years old at the time she was killed.

@Almohrar1 also identified that a young man was injured by the artillery shelling and Baladi News added that the injury of the civilian was moderate. However, Al-Jazeera correspondent in Syria provided information of “the injury of a number of civilians” but did not say how many while Xeber 24 News put the number of injuries at two.

Media activist Ibrahim Khatib said, in an interview with Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, that “the regime forces targeted, this Thursday afternoon, a residential house in the village of Fraika, west of Idlib governorate, with an artillery shell, which led to the killing of a woman who had been married for only two months”.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the Syrian regime. However, the Syrian Civil Defense blamed both the regime and Russia for launching the shells that killed the civilian Fatima and @Almohrar1 assigned responsibility to Russia.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

  • Fatimah Adnan Hussein 17 years old female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • White Helmets search for survivors following strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • White Helmets search for survivors following strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4379

Incident date

August 23, 2021

Location

درعا البلد, Daraa Al Balad, Dara'a, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and six other civilians were injured in alleged Russian or regime or Iranian strikes on Daraa Al Balad on August 23, 2021.

A tweet from @Almohrar1 reported that the young man Yazn Al-Omari was killed in the strikes on Daraa Al Balad.

@omar_alharir added that a number of civilians were wounded but did not provide how many, while Radio Al Kul wrote about “the injury of 6 civilians” from the incident.

Shaam News pointed out that there was no dedicated medial facility in Dara’a at the time – only facilities that had a limited amount of medical equipment and no doctors or surgeons.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. The majority attributed the attacks to Iran and/or the regime. However, Syrian Civil Defence blamed the strikes on Russia and the regime.

Horan Free Media and the Syrian Network for Human Rights identified rocket launchers as being used in the attack, while Shaam News pointed to both rocket and artillery bombardments. The location of the strikes was pinpointed to the Kashef neighborhood in the city of Daraa, according to Ahrar Houran Gathering.

Radio Al Kul reported that the bombardment coincided with a breakdown in ceasefire negotiations between the Daraa Central Committee, and ,regime and Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • The young man "Yazn Al-Omari", who was killed in strikes on Daraa Al Balad on August 23, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • The young man Yazn Al-Omari was killed in strikes on Daraa Al Balad on August 23, 2021. (Image posted by @malikKhattab1)
  • Strikes on Daraa Al Balad on August 23, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4378 IRS010

Incident date

August 23, 2021

Location

تقاد, Taqad, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one child was injured in alleged Russian or regime or Iranian shelling of Taqad on August 23, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, a child was injured during artillery shelling of the  village of Taqad. All other sources that reported on civilian harm identified one child as being injured in the shelling as well.

Zaman Al Wasl wrote that the child’s injuries were “slight” and that civilian homes were also extensively damaged in the strikes. Activist Ali Haj Suleiman confirmed to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed that “a child was wounded by shrapnel in the head and leg as a result of intense artillery shelling.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with the majority of sources attributing the strikes to the regime while @Almohrar1 blamed Russia and Al Araby pointed to Iranian militias stationed in the “46th Regiment” as being responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets search through the rubble following strikes on Taqad on August 23, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4376

Incident date

August 20, 2021

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four children from the same family were killed and their mother and two other men were injured in alleged Russian or regime or Iranian strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021.

Syrian Civil Defense reported “four children from one family were killed, and two civilians were injured, this morning, Friday, August 20, by artillery shelling of the regime forces and Russia with laser-guided shells”.

@abuhuzaifa_ provided the names of the children killed: Ayat Al Omar 12 years old, Muhammad 9 years old, Mary 6 years, Hatem 3 years. A tweet from @DeirEzzore added that Muhammad Faisal Al-Khalil is the father of the children.

An image posted by @thawrat111 shows the bottle belonging to one of the children that was killed amongst the rubble of their home.

Al Jazeera wrote that a reporter for the French Press Agency saw the father crying over the bodies of three of his children in a cemetery when the remains of his fourth child were brought to the cemetery. The fourth child had to be buried in a hurry because bombing had begun again in the area.

Macro Media Center also identified four children as being killed in the strikes but put the number of injured at five, all from the same family. Radio Al Kul identified the mother of the children killed as being injured in the strikes and added that two men were seriously injured in a bombardment of another home in the same village.

According to @zelal_abo_adnan, the father of the children killed had gone to work the day of the strike and his wife was able to escape the bombing with the youngest child just moments before the shell landed on a nearby home.

Sources were conflicted as to whether Russia or the regime were responsible for the strikes. Radio Al Kul blamed the shelling on regime forces stationed in the vicinity of the city of Kafr Nabl. However, Syrian Network for Human Rights attributed the strikes to Russian artillery forces along with a Russian surveillance plane overhead and identified Krasnopol laser guided shells as being used. Anadolu Agency pointed to both the regime and Iran as being responsible for the strikes.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (39) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets remove the body of one of the victims of the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets sort through the rubble following strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets remove the body of one of the victims of the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets sort through the rubble following strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Four children from the same family were killed by artillery shelling by the Assad militia and Russia targeting civilian homes in the town of Kansafra in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib.
  • People gather for the funeral of the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • Four children from the same family were killed by artillery shelling by the Assad militia and Russia targeting civilian homes in the town of Kansafra in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib.
  • Bodies of the victims, all children, killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @abuhuzaifa_)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @abdalwhab761)
  • Very graphic image of the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @mzmgr941)
  • Image of the four children that were killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @dbOFRYEU7XqMrTc)
  • Funeral for the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @AlarabyTV)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @AlarabyTV)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @AlarabyTV)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @AlarabyTV)
  • Body of one of the victims killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @feryal222kakhi)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @feryal222kakhi)
  • Bodies of the victims, all children, killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @feryal222kakhi)
  • A bottle belonging to one of the children that was killed in the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @thawrat111)
  • Bodies of the victims of the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @ajplusarabi)
  • Damage caused by the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @ajplusarabi)
  • Explosion caused by the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @ajplusarabi)
  • People mourn the victims of the strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @ajplusarabi)
  • Residents sort through their belongs and save what they can following strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @_abdulazizketaz)
  • Funeral and burial for the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by @bN2HlKac9SVdqtL)
  • Family and friends mourn the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Family and friends mourn the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Family and friends mourn the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Family and friends mourn the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Residents sort through their belongs and save what they can following strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Residents sort through their belongs and save what they can following strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Residents sort through their belongs and save what they can following strikes on Kansafra on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (32) [ collapse]