Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Weak
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4291

Incident date

November 7, 2020

Location

جبل الزاوية, Jabal al-Zawiya, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

@euphrateseye reported that Russian raids on civilians houses in villages of Jabal al-Zawiyah in Idlib on November 7th led to deaths and injuries.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that Russian warplanes undertook 13 airstrikes on the area since the morning of that day, November 7th, without leading to casualties.

Shaam News also said that Civil Defence confirmed no casualties resulted from the 13 raids.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported that ‘ a drone struck a military post where a jihadi group affiliated to Hayyaat Tahrir Al-Sham was stationed in Sarjeh area in Jabal Al-Zawiyah in southern Idlib. It is worth noting that all the jihadists of the targeted group are of non-Syrian nationalities, and confirmed reports suggest there are casualties.’

No further information is available at the moment.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on villages in Jabal al-Zawiyah. (via MMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4283

Incident date

October 4, 2020

Location

الطيبة, Al Tayba, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source reported that an alleged Russian cluster bomb explosion injured two children in the town of Al Tayba, Deir Ezzor, on October 5th, 2020. It remains unclear whether the bomb was fired on that same day, or that the explosion was caused by the remnants of an earlier strike.

@DeirEzzor24 wrote: “A Russian cluster bomb explosion injured the child Luai Tamer al-Sawma’i and Mahmoud al-Thiab’s son in #alTayba town, eastern #DeirEzzor.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • One of the two children injured in the explosion of an alleged Russian cluster bomb in the town of Al Tabya, Deir Ezzor governorate on October 4th, 2020 (via D@DeirEzzor24).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4282

Incident date

September 20, 2020

Location

عرب سعيد, Arab Saeed, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Edlib Media Center (EMC) reported from the Syrian Civil Defense that one civilian was injured as a result of Russian airstrikes on Arab Saeed in Idlib on September 20th, 2020.

The two sources available so far blamed Russia for undertaking the airstrike which was reported to have caused huge damage and panic among the civilians, however only EMC reported the civilian casualty.

No further information is available at the moment.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4280

Incident date

September 15, 2020

Location

الأحراش المحيطة بمعرة مصرين وباتنتة, The bush near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the bush between the city of Maarrat Misreen and Batinta in northern Idlib on September 15th, 2020.

Idlib Plus and Macro Media Center said that vacuum rockets were used in the attack.

While all the sources blamed Russia for the incident, only the Syria Civil Defense mentioned a civilian casualty as a result of the attack.

The airstrikes are also reported to have caused damage in the area.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteers rescuing a civilian allegedly injured due to Russian warplanes airstrikes on village of Ahrash on Sep 15th, 2020. (via SCD)
  • Images to a warplane believed to be Russian that allegedly targeted with airstrikes the bush near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta in Idlib on Sep 15th, 2020. (Via SCD).
  • Location of alleged Russian warplane's airstrikes on the bush near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta in Idlib on Sep 15th, 2020. (Via SCD).
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the bush area in near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta in Idlib on September 15th, 2020. (via Ariha Today)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4279

Incident date

September 7, 2020

Location

أريحا , Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source reported that two people were killed and several others injured in Russian forces and Syrian regime artillery shelling on Ariha on Sep 7th, 2020.

No further information is available at this moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4272

Incident date

July 14, 2020

Location

الدقماق, Al Dakmak, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured after alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Al Dakmak, Idlib governorate, on July 14th, 2020, according to local sources.

Ebaa News wrote that Russian forces targeted the village with “heavy artillery shells”. The Syrian Civil Defence reported that two civilians had been injured in artillery strikes, but blamed the Syrian regime.

Ebaa News added that “it is noteworthy that the campaign of aerial and artillery shelling is still ongoing on the villages and towns of Jabal Al Zawiyah, south of Idlib, since this morning [July 14th], which threatens renewed displacement waves towards the Syrian-Turkish border.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "The injury of two civilians, with artillery shelling by the regime forces, last night, July 14, targeting the village of Al-Duqmaq, west of Hama, and this came hours after the killing of a civilian and his child and wounding 3 other children and a woman, by missile shelling of the regime in the city of Jericho, south of Idlib" (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers treating wounded civilians in an ambulance after alleged Russian or Syrian regime shelling on the town of Al Dakmak, Idlib governorate, on July 14th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4273

Incident date

July 14, 2020

Location

بلدات متعددة, Several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A number of civilians were reported injured when Russian warplanes targeted several towns in Idlib on July 14th, 2020, according to Shaam News which reported: “Russian aircraft launched air strikes targeting the villages of Sarjila, Benin, Kafaraweed, and Sufouhn, accompanied by very heavy artillery and missile shelling on the city of Ariha , villages, and towns such as Safsra, Ain LaRuz, Al-Muzarira, Al-Fateera, Al-Barah and Al-Yansiya, which caused two martyrs, including a child, in Ariha and a number of wounded in the rest of the areas.”

The two reported victims were included in a separate Airwars’ assessment.

No further information is available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4260

Incident date

March 3, 2020

Location

شلخ, Shalakh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reportedly killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Shalakh on March 3rd, 2020, according to Shaam News Network.

Shaam reported that “Russian and Assad’s warplanes launched violent airstrikes targeting areas of clashes and the homes of civilians” in several cities and towns in Idlib governorate, among which Shalakh, were one killed civilian was reported.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]