Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3716

Incident date

July 22, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Twenty-five to 42 civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib, on July 22nd. A further 10 to 80 were allegedly injured in the incident.

While initial sources cited one to two civilians killed in the attack, later sources documented much higher figures as understanding of the events unfolded.

Smart News stated that “the toll of the massacre of the city of Ma’arat al-Nu’man in Idlib killed 39 people and wounded 60”, and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported “a massacre that left 137 casualties and wounded until now.”

Syrian Network for Human Rights stated that of those killed, four were children, and four were women.

In a video released by Smart News, the reporter documented “42 civilians killed – 39 of them named and three unknown, and about 80 civilians injured.”

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also documented the death of “two unidentified gunmen” in the incident, stating that the number of people killed “in the biggest massacre since the beginning of the violent escalation at the end of last April” was 38 in total.

Meanwhile, Shaam News reported that “Russian and Assad (Syrian ) warplanes raided and attacked civilians, causing a terrible massacre following the targeting of the popular market in the city of Ma’arat al-Nu’man. More than 30 martyrs, including children and women, and a civilian defense force were killed. In addition, more than 50 were wounded.”

Meanwhile, an early report by Syria Civil Defense stated that “15 civilians, including a civil defense volunteer [Amir Al-Bunni], were killed and 50 others were injured by an indiscriminate attack on civilian houses in the town of Ma’arat al-Nu’man in the village of Idlib this morning, in eight raids by Russian warplanes.”

Macro Media Center named 25 fatalities.

Twenty-three sources attributed the attack to Russian forces, while nine others did not positively attribute blame, and two sources named Syria as the belligerent responsible for the airstrikes. Three other sources named both Russia and Syria in reporting the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    25 – 42
  • (3–4 children3–4 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–80
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (38) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on civilian homes and a market in Ma’arat Al Nu’man, July 22nd (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "15 civilians, including a civil defense volunteer, were killed and 50 others were injured by an indiscriminate attack on civilian houses in the town of Ma'arat al-Nu'man in the village of Idlib this morning, in eight raids by Russian warplanes." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "15 civilians, including a civil defense volunteer, were killed and 50 others were injured by an indiscriminate attack on civilian houses in the town of Ma'arat al-Nu'man in the village of Idlib this morning, in eight raids by Russian warplanes." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image caption translation: "15 civilians, including a civil defense volunteer, were killed and 50 others were injured by an indiscriminate attack on civilian houses in the town of Ma'arat al-Nu'man in the village of Idlib this morning, in eight raids by Russian warplanes." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Amir was martyred during the response to the aerial bombardment that hit the Ma'arat al-Nu'man market this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib." (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib" (Via Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib" (Via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib" (Via Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib" (Via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib" (Via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "20 martyrs as a result of the initial and dozens of wounded and missing and the rubble and rubble under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man southern countryside Idlib" (Via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Civil defense teams can extract two children alive from the rubble of their house after the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man in southern countryside Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Civil defense teams can extract two children alive from the rubble of their house after the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man in southern countryside Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Civil defense teams can extract two children alive from the rubble of their house after the bombing of Russian warplanes with rocket rockets residential neighborhoods of the city of Ma'arat al-Nu'man in southern countryside Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Amir al Benni, a member of Civil Defense- Ma’arat al Nu`man center, from Ifra village which is administratively a part of Wadi Barada in Western Ghouta in west of Damascus suburbs governorate, was killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on the vegetables market in Ma’aret al Numan market in Idlib governorate southern suburbs, while he was aiding the victims of previous bombing by the same forces, on July 22." (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption: Rise in death toll of massacre committed by Russian forces in Ma’arat al Nu`man city in Idlib, on July 22 SNHR: death toll of massacre in Ma’aret al Numan city in Idlib governorate southern suburbs rose to at least 32 civilians, including four children and four women, as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on the city, on July 22, 2019." (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption: "Pictures by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights show the substantial damage caused by the Russian strikes which targeted a market and residential neighborhoods in Maarrat Al-Nu'man city and caused a massacre that left 137 casualties and wounded until now" (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption: "Pictures by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights show the substantial damage caused by the Russian strikes which targeted a market and residential neighborhoods in Maarrat Al-Nu'man city and caused a massacre that left 137 casualties and wounded until now" (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption: "Pictures by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights show the substantial damage caused by the Russian strikes which targeted a market and residential neighborhoods in Maarrat Al-Nu'man city and caused a massacre that left 137 casualties and wounded until now" (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption: "Pictures by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights show the substantial damage caused by the Russian strikes which targeted a market and residential neighborhoods in Maarrat Al-Nu'man city and caused a massacre that left 137 casualties and wounded until now" (via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption: "Many still buried under the rubble.. White Helmets statement regarding the abhorrent attack on civilians of Ma`arat al Nu`man southern Idlib" (via Syria.liveuamap)
  • Video Caption: "Our correspondent Ibrahim Sweden and the most prominent developments in the city of Maarat al-Nu'man in rural Idlib "We are now inside ma`arat Al numan , we can see SCD members looking for living people under rubble, the raids lead to dozens of killed and wounded people, one of SCD members killed after another raid in the same place"

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    25 – 42
  • (3–4 children3–4 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–80
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (38) [ collapse]